H.R. 3880 (105th): Human Services Amendments of 1998

105th Congress, 1997–1998. Text as of May 14, 1998 (Introduced).

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HR 3880 IH

105th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 3880

To authorize appropriations for fiscal years 1999, 2000, 2001, and 2002 to carry out the Head Start Act, the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act of 1981, and the Community Services Block Grant Act, and for other purposes.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

May 14, 1998

Mr. MARTINEZ (for himself, Mr. CLAY, Mrs. MINK of Hawaii, Mr. ANDREWS, Mr. SCOTT, Ms. WOOLSEY, Mr. ROMERO-BARCELO, Mr. FATTAH, Mr. HINOJOSA, Ms. SANCHEZ, Mr. FORD, and Mr. KUCINICH) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and the Workforce, and in addition to the Committee on Commerce, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned


A BILL

To authorize appropriations for fiscal years 1999, 2000, 2001, and 2002 to carry out the Head Start Act, the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act of 1981, and the Community Services Block Grant Act, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ‘Human Services Amendments of 1998’.

SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

      Sec. 1. Short title.

      Sec. 2. Table of contents.

TITLE I--HEAD START PROGRAMS

      Sec. 101. Definitions.

      Sec. 102. Authorization of appropriations.

      Sec. 103. Allotment of funds; limitations on assistance.

      Sec. 104. Designation of Head Start agencies.

      Sec. 105. Amendments to quality standards; monitoring of Head Start agencies and programs.

      Sec. 106. Powers and functions of Head Start agencies.

      Sec. 107. Participation in Head Start programs.

      Sec. 108. Programs for families with infants and toddlers.

      Sec. 109. Head Start Fellowships.

      Sec. 110. Quality improvement study.

TITLE II--LOW-INCOME HOME ENERGY ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS

      Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

      Sec. 202. Technical definitions changes.

      Sec. 203. Technical changes to State allotments.

      Sec. 204. Applications and requirements.

TITLE III--COMMUNITY SERVICES BLOCK GRANT

      Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

      Sec. 302. Definitions.

      Sec. 303. Applications and requirements.

      Sec. 304. Withholding.

      Sec. 305. Discretionary authority of the Secretary.

      Sec. 306. Community food and nutrition.

      Sec. 307. National or regional programs designed to provide instructional activities for low-income youth.

      Sec. 308. Annual report.

TITLE IV--EFFECTIVE DATES; APPLICATION OF AMENDMENTS

      Sec. 401. Effective dates; application of amendments.

TITLE I--HEAD START PROGRAMS

SEC. 101. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 637(4) of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9832(4)) is amended to read as follows:

      ‘(4) The term ‘family literacy services’ means services that are of sufficient intensity in terms of hours, and of sufficient duration, to make sustainable changes in a family (such as eliminating or reducing welfare dependency) and that integrate all of the following activities:

        ‘(A) Interactive literacy activities between parents and their children.

        ‘(B) Equipping parents to become partners with their children in learning.

        ‘(C) Parent literacy training, including training that contributes to economic self-sufficiency and English as a second language.

        ‘(D) Instruction for children of parents receiving parent literacy services, particularly including early childhood education.’.

SEC. 102. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 639 of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9834) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (a) by striking ‘1995 through 1998’ and inserting ‘1999, 2000, 2001, and 2002’, and

      (2) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:

    ‘(b) From the amount appropriated under subsection (a), the Secretary shall make available--

      ‘(1) $35,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1999 through 2002 to carry out activities authorized under section 642(d); and

      ‘(2) subject to subsection (c), $12,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2000 through 2002, to carry out research, demonstrations, evaluation activities, and longitudinal studies authorized by subsections (b) and (e) of section 649.’.

SEC. 103. ALLOTMENT OF FUNDS; LIMITATIONS ON ASSISTANCE.

    Section 640 of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9835) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (a)--

        (A) in paragraph (2)(A)--

          (i) by striking ‘handicapped children’ and inserting ‘children with disabilities’, and

          (ii) by striking ‘1994’ and inserting ‘1998’, and

        (B) in paragraph (3)--

          (i) in subparagraph (B)--

            (I) amending clause (ii) to read as follows:

      ‘(ii) Ensuring that such programs have adequate qualified staff and that such staff are furnished adequate high quality training, including developing skills working with children with disabilities and children with non-English background, when appropriate.’,

            (II) in clause (vi) by inserting ‘, and are physically accessible to children with disabilities and parents with disabilities’ before the period at the end, and

            (III) by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(viii) Ensuring that such programs have highly qualified staff that can promote language and literacy growth and that provide children a variety of skills that have been identified through research as predictors of later reading achievement.’,

          (ii) in subparagraph (C)--

            (I) in clause (v) by inserting ‘(including changes that make Head Start programs physically accessible to children and adults with disabilities)’ after ‘structural changes’, and

            (II) in clause (vi) by inserting ‘children with disabilities,’ after ‘communities,’,

        (C) in paragraph (5)--

          (i) in subparagraph (C)--

            (I) in clause (ii) by adding after ‘Association,’ ‘(as well as migrant and Native American Head Start Associations)’,

            (II) in clause (iii) by striking ‘and’ at the end,

            (III) in clause (iv) by striking ‘and activities relating to children with disabilities’ and inserting the following:

    ‘services for homeless children, and activities relating to children with disabilities, including coordination with those State officials responsible for administering part C and section 619 of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C 1431-1445, 1419); and’, and

            (IV) by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(v) submit a report to the Secretary, in such manner and containing such information as the Secretary may require (including an assessment of the involvement of the Head Start community in planning, establishment and implementation of the project), describing the effectiveness of the collaboration grant.’, and

        (D) in paragraph (6)--

          (i) by inserting ‘(A)’ after ‘(6)’,

          (ii) by striking ‘From’ and inserting ‘Subject to subparagraph (B), from’, and

          (iii) by striking ‘3 percent’ and all that follows through the period at the end, and inserting the following:

    ‘8 percent for fiscal year 1999, 9 percent for fiscal year 2000, and 10 percent for each of the fiscal years 2001 and 2002, of the amount appropriated pursuant to section 639(a).

      ‘(B) The Secretary may carry out subparagraph (A) for a fiscal year only after meeting the requirements of section 640(g)(1) relating to cost-of-living adjustments.’,

      (2) in subsection (d)--

        (A) by striking ‘section 602(a)’ and inserting ‘section 602(3)’,

        (B) by inserting ‘and infants or toddlers with disabilities (as defined in section 632(5) of that Act),’ after ‘Act)’, and

        (C) by adding at the end the following:

    ‘Such policies and procedures shall require Head Start programs to coordinate programmatic efforts with efforts to implement part C and section 619 of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C 1431-1445, 1419).’,

      (3) in subsection (g)--

        (A) in paragraph (2)--

          (i) in subparagraph (C) by inserting ‘and those organizations and public entities that serve children with disabilities’ after ‘spoken’,

          (ii) in subparagraph (E) by striking ‘and’ at the end,

          (iii) in subsection (F) by striking the period at the end and inserting a semicolon, and

          (iv) by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(G) the extent to which the applicant, in providing services, will plan to coordinate with the local education agency serving the community involved and with schools in which children participating in a Head Start program operated by such agency will enroll following such program, regarding the educational services provided by such local education agency; and

      ‘(H) the extent to which the applicant proposes to foster partnerships with other service providers in a manner that will enhance the resource capacity of the applicant.’, and

        (B) by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(4)(A) The Secretary may expand Head Start programs in accordance with this subsection by making grants to serve pregnant women, children less than 3 years of age, and the families of such children.

    ‘(B)(i) Head Start agencies that apply for such grants shall demonstrate a community need to serve pregnant women, children less than 3 years of age, and the families of such children.

    ‘(ii) Head Start agencies that receive grants made under subparagraph (A) shall use such grants to operate programs that meet the requirements of section 645A and shall agree to comply with the regulations issued by the Secretary that pertain to such section.’.

SEC. 104. DESIGNATION OF HEAD START AGENCIES.

    Section 641 of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9836) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (c)(1) by striking ‘this Act’ and insert ‘the Human Services Amendments of 1998’, and

      (2) in subsection (d)--

        (A) in paragraph (3)--

          (i) by inserting ‘and programs under part C and section 619 of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C 1431-1445, 1419)’ after ‘(20 U.S.C. 2741 et seq.)’, and

          (ii) by striking ‘attendance;’ and inserting the following:

      ‘attendance, including services provided by the local education agency serving the community in which the proposed Head Start program will operate.’,

        (B) in paragraph (7)--

          (i) by inserting ‘, and children with disabilities and their families,’ after ‘families’, and

          (ii) by striking ‘and’ at the end,

        (C) in paragraph (8) by striking the period at the end and inserting ‘; and’.

SEC. 105. AMENDMENTS TO QUALITY STANDARDS; MONITORING OF HEAD START AGENCIES AND PROGRAMS.

    Section 641A of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9836a) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (a)(3)(C)--

        (A) by amending clause (i) to read as follows:

        ‘(i) review and revise as necessary the performance standards in effect under this section; and’, and

        (B) in clause (ii) by striking ‘November 2, 1978’ and inserting ‘the date of the enactment of the Human Services Amendments of 1998’,

      (2) in subsection (b)(1) by striking ‘Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this section, the’ and inserting ‘The’,

      (3) in subsection (c)(2)(C) by inserting ‘services for children with disabilities and’ after ‘practicable,’, and

      (4) in subsection (e) by adding at the end the following: ‘Such report shall be widely disseminated and available for public review in both written and electronic formats.’.

SEC. 106. POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF HEAD START AGENCIES.

    Section 642 of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9837) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (c) by inserting ‘and part C and section 619 of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C 1431-1445, 1419)’ after ‘(20 U.S.C. 2741 et seq.)’, and

      (2) in subsection (d)(2)--

        (A) in subparagraph (C) by striking ‘and’ at the end,

        (B) in subparagraph (D) by striking the period at the end and inserting ‘; and’,

      (3) by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(E) linking the services provided in such program with the educational services provided by such local education agency.’, and

      (4) by amending subsection (d)(5) to read as follows:

    ‘(5) The Secretary, in cooperation with the Secretary of Education, shall--

      ‘(A) disseminate to Head Start agencies information on effective policies and activities relating to the transition of children from Head Start programs to public schools; and

      ‘(B) provide technical assistance to such agencies to promote and to assist such agencies to adopt and implement such effective policies and activities.’.

SEC. 107. PARTICIPATION IN HEAD START PROGRAMS.

    Section 645(a)(1) of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9840(a)(1)) is amended by inserting ‘(but not to more than 25 percent of total program enrollment)’ after ‘reasonable extent’.

SEC. 108. PROGRAMS FOR FAMILIES WITH INFANTS AND TODDLERS.

    Section 645A of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9840a) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (a)--

        (A) in paragraph (1) by inserting ‘(including very young children with disabilities and their families)’ after ‘young children’, and

        (B) in paragraph (2) by striking ‘and evaluations’ and all that follows through ‘section’, and inserting ‘under this section and evaluation of such programs’,

      (2) in subsection (b)--

        (A) in paragraph (7) by striking ‘and’ at the end,

        (B) by redesignating paragraph (8) as paragraph (9), and

        (C) by inserting after paragraph (7) the following:

      ‘(8) ensure formal linkages with the agencies described in section 644(b) of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act Amendments of 1997 and providers of early intervention services for very young children with disabilities under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.); and’,

      (4) in subsection (c)(2) by striking ‘(or’ and all that follows through ‘subsection (e)(3))’,

      (5) in subsection (d)--

        (A) in paragraph (1) by adding ‘and’ at the end,

        (B) by striking paragraph (2), and

        (C) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2),

      (6) by striking subsection (e),

      (7) in subsection (f) by striking ‘From’ and all that follows through ‘subsection (e)’, and inserting ‘From the amounts specified in section 640(a)(6),’, and

      (8) in subsection (h)--

        (A) by striking ‘(h)’ and all that follows through paragraph (2), and

        (B) in paragraph (3)--

          (i) by striking ‘(3) MONITORING- ’ and inserting the following:

    ‘(h) SECRETARIAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR MONITORING- ’, and

          (ii) by striking ‘subsection (f)’ and inserting ‘subsection (e)’, and

      (9) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), and (h) as subsections (e), (f), and (g), respectively.

SEC. 109. HEAD START FELLOWSHIPS.

    Section 648A(d)(6) of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9843) is amended by striking ‘1,000,000’ and inserting ‘2,000,000’.

SEC. 110. QUALITY IMPROVEMENT STUDY.

    (a) STUDY- The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall conduct a study regarding the use and effects of the quality improvement funds under section 640(a)(3) of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9835(a)(3)) since fiscal year 1991.

    (b) REPORT- The Secretary shall submit a report to the Congress not later than September 2000 containing the results of the study, including--

      (1) the types of activities funded with quality improvement funds under section 640(a)(3) of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9835(a)(3)),

      (2) the extent to which such quality improvement funds accomplish the goals of section 640(a)(3)(B) of such Act, and

      (3) the effect of such quality improvement funds on teacher training, salaries, benefits, recruitment, and retention.

TITLE II--LOW-INCOME HOME ENERGY ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 2602 of the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 8621) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (b) by striking ‘1995 through 1999’ and inserting ‘2000 through 2003’,

      (2) in subsection (c)(1) by striking the last sentence and inserting the following: ‘The program year shall begin on October 1 of the fiscal year following the year for which the appropriation is made.’, and

      (3) in subsection (d) by striking ‘1996’ and all that follows through ‘1999.’ and inserting ‘2000 through 2003.’.

SEC. 202. TECHNICAL DEFINITIONS CHANGES.

    Paragraph (4) of section 2603 of the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 8622(4)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘the’ before ‘term’ and inserting ‘The’, and

      (2) by striking the semicolon at the end and inserting a period.

SEC. 203. TECHNICAL CHANGES TO STATE ALLOTMENTS.

    Section 2604 of the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 8623) is amended--

      (1) by inserting the following:

    ‘(e) Beginning in fiscal year 1994, no funds payable to a State under this section shall be transferred to any programs.’,

      (2) by striking subsection (f),

      (3) in subsection (g) by striking ‘through (f)’ and inserting ‘through (e)’, and

      (4) by redesignating subsection (g) as (f).

SEC. 204. APPLICATIONS AND REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 2605 of the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 8624) is amended in subsections (k)(1) and (k)(2)(A) by inserting before the period ‘, particularly those low-income households with the lowest incomes that pay a high proportion of household income for home energy.’.

TITLE III--COMMUNITY SERVICES BLOCK GRANT

SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 672(b) of the Community Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9901(b)) is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(b) There are authorized to be appropriated $650,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 2000, 2001, and 2002 to carry out this subtitle.’.

SEC. 302. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 673(1) of the Community Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9902(1)) is amended--

      (1) in subparagraph (A) by inserting before the semicolon at the end the following:

      ‘and, in making the request, giving preference to an existing eligible entity of the kind described in the 1st sentence of this paragraph’,

      (2) in subparagraph (B) by inserting after ‘new area’ the last place it appears the following:

      ‘and, in making the request, giving preference to an existing eligible entity of the kind described in the 1st sentence of this paragraph ’, and

      (3) in subparagraph (C)--

        (A) by striking ‘entity, any’ and inserting ‘entity or nonprofit private’,

        (B) by striking ‘or any political subdivision of the State’,

        (C) by striking ‘or a political subdivision of the State’, and

        (D) by striking ‘such organization’ the 1st place it appears and inserting ‘an existing eligible entity of the kind described in the 1st sentence of this paragraph’.

SEC. 303. APPLICATIONS AND REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 675 of the Community Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9904) is amended--

      (1) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:

    ‘(b) No funds shall be allotted to such State for any fiscal year under this subtitle unless the chief executive officer of the State conducts public or legislative hearings on the proposal for the use and the distribution of funds to be provided under this subtitle for such fiscal year and provides an opportunity for public comment on such proposal.’,

      (2) in subsection (c)--

        (A) in paragraph (1)(B)(ii) by inserting ‘, with particular attention towards improving literacy skills of the low-income families in the community’ before the semicolon at the end,

        (B) in paragraph (2)(B)(v) by inserting ‘, including considering the locality for which any carryover funds were originally designated and giving preference to reprogramming such funds to that locality’ before the period at the end,

        (C) in paragraph (5)--

          (i) by striking ‘or’ the last place it appears, and

          (ii) by inserting before the semicolon at the end the following:

      ‘, welfare reform efforts under the amendments made by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-193; 110 Stat. 2105), community services, employment or entrepreneurship opportunities, or services designed to assist low-income or at-risk youth to secure meaningful employment and to perform community service’, and

      (3) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), and (h) as (e), (f), and (g), respectively.

SEC. 304. WITHHOLDING.

    Section 679(b)(1) of the Community Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9908(b)(1)) is amended by striking ‘and Labor’ and inserting ‘and the Workforce’.

SEC. 305. DISCRETIONARY AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY.

    Section 681(c)(1) of the Community Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9910(c)(1)) is amended by striking ‘and Labor’ and inserting ‘and the Workforce’.

SEC. 306. COMMUNITY FOOD AND NUTRITION.

    Section 681A(c) of the Community Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9910a(c)) is amended by striking ‘and Labor’ and inserting ‘and the Workforce’.

SEC. 307. NATIONAL OR REGIONAL PROGRAMS DESIGNED TO PROVIDE INSTRUCTIONAL ACTIVITIES FOR LOW-INCOME YOUTH.

    Section 682(f) of the Community Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9910c(f)) is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated $20,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1999 through 2002 for grants to carry out this section.’.

SEC. 308. ANNUAL REPORT.

    Section 683(b) of the Community Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9911(b)) is amended by striking ‘and Labor’ and inserting ‘and the Workforce’.

TITLE IV--EFFECTIVE DATES; APPLICATION OF AMENDMENTS

SEC. 401. EFFECTIVE DATES; APPLICATION OF AMENDMENTS.

    (a) EFFECTIVE DATES- (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) and subsection (b), this Act and the amendments made by this Act shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.

    (2) The amendments made by title II of this Act shall take effect on October 1, 1999.

    (b) APPLICATION OF AMENDMENTS- The amendments made by titles I and III of this Act shall not apply with respect to fiscal years beginning before October 1, 1998.