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H.R. 3987 (105th): Deer and Elk Protection Act

The text of the bill below is as of Jun 3, 1998 (Introduced). The bill was not enacted into law.

HR 3987 IH


2d Session

H. R. 3987

To protect and conserve deer and elk and to provide for consistent and equitable hunting laws in the State of Washington.


June 3, 1998

Mrs. LINDA SMITH of Washington introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Resources


To protect and conserve deer and elk and to provide for consistent and equitable hunting laws in the State of Washington.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,


    This Act may be cited as the ‘Deer and Elk Protection Act’.


    (a) FINDINGS- Congress finds that--

      (1) dramatic economic changes have taken place in the State of Washington since Indian tribes signed treaties with the Federal Government and, as a result of those changes, Indians and Indian tribes in the State of Washington no longer rely on hunting deer and elk for subsistence; and

      (2) the consistent enforcement of laws and regulations pertaining to hunting deer and elk throughout the State of Washington on all land outside of Indian reservations is necessary for the conservation of deer and elk and to protect public safety.

    (b) PURPOSE- The purpose of this Act is to improve conservation and enhance the management of deer and elk and to augment public safety in the State of Washington by providing for uniform enforcement of certain State laws regulating hunting consistent with the statewide vote of approval of Washington State Initiative 456 on November 6, 1984.


    As used in this Act--

      (1) the term ‘hunting’ has the meaning given that term by the laws of the State of Washington;

      (2) the term ‘Indian’ means any individual who is a member of a recognized Indian tribe;

      (3) the term ‘Indian reservation’ includes--

        (A) all lands within the limits of any Indian reservation; and

        (B) lands to which title is either held in trust by the United States for the benefit of any Indian tribe or individual or held by any Indian tribe or individual subject to restriction by the United States against alienation;

      (4) the term ‘Indian tribe’ means any Indian tribe, band, nation, pueblo, or other organized group or community, which is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians;

      (5) the term ‘State’ means the State of Washington;

      (6) the term ‘taking’ means capturing, killing, or collecting; and

      (7) the terms ‘transport’ and ‘transportation’ mean to move, convey, carry, or ship by any means, or to deliver or receive for the purpose of movement, conveyance, carriage, or shipment.


    (a) IN GENERAL- The laws and regulations of the State restricting or regulating sex, areas, season, and bag limits for the hunting, taking, possession, transportation, or sale of deer and elk are declared necessary for conservation and shall apply to and be enforceable against Indians and Indian tribes outside of the boundaries of an Indian reservation that is in the State, in the same manner and to the same extent as such laws and regulations apply to other persons.

    (b) AUTHORITY OF STATE- The authority granted by this section shall be in addition to the authority of the State on the date preceding the date of the enactment of this Act to enact and enforce fish and game laws. Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 401 and 402 of the Act of April 11, 1968 (25 U.S.C. 1321 and 1322, respectively), or any other Act or treaty, the consent of an Indian tribe shall not be necessary in order for the State to exercise the authority granted by this section.