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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.
3/14/1997--Reported to House amended. Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 1997 - Amends the Federal criminal code to prohibit performing a partial birth abortion in or affecting interstate or foreign commerce, unless it is necessary to save the life of the mother and no other medical procedure would suffice. Prescribes penalties. Defines a "partial birth abortion" as an abortion in which a living fetus is partially vaginally delivered and killed before delivery is completed. Authorizes the father and, if the mother is under 18 years of age, the maternal grandparents of the fetus to obtain specified relief in a civil action, even if the mother consented to the abortion, unless the pregnancy resulted from the plaintiff's criminal conduct, the plaintiff consented to the abortion, or the plaintiff is a father who abandoned or abused the mother. Prohibits the prosecution of a woman upon whom a partial-birth abortion is performed for conspiracy to violate this Act or under provisions regarding punishment as a principal or an accessory or for concealment of a felony.