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H.R. 929 (105th): Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 1997


The text of the bill below is as of Mar 14, 1997 (Reported by House Committee). The bill was not enacted into law.


HR 929 RH

Union Calendar No. 15

105th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 929

[Report No. 105-24]

To amend title 18, United States Code, to ban partial-birth abortions.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

March 5, 1997

Mr. CANADY of Florida (for himself, Mr. HALL of Ohio, Mr. HYDE, Mrs. MYRICK, Mr. SMITH of New Jersey, Mr. COBURN, Mrs. EMERSON, Mr. ARMEY, Mr. DELAY, Mr. OBERSTAR, Mr. WELDON of Florida, Mr. WATTS of Oklahoma, Mrs. CUBIN, Mr. DEAL of Georgia, Mrs. SMITH of Washington, Mr. DOYLE, Mr. DOOLITTLE, Mr. MASCARA, Mr. HOSTETTLER, Mr. HULSHOF, Mrs. NORTHUP, Mr. BARCIA, Mr. DAVIS of Virginia, Mr. HOLDEN, Mr. MCCRERY, Mr. SHIMKUS, Mr. KLINK, Mrs. CHENOWETH, Mr. SKELTON, Ms. DANNER, Mr. HAYWORTH, Mr. KNOLLENBERG, Mr. HILLEARY, Mr. CUNNINGHAM, Mr. BRYANT, Mr. BARTLETT of Maryland, Mr. HERGER, Mr. CRANE, Mr. DICKEY, Mr. BURTON of Indiana, Mr. HEFLEY, Mr. CHRISTENSEN, Mr. UNDERWOOD, Mr. CHABOT, Mr. GOODLATTE, Mr. HUNTER, Mr. BALLENGER, Mr. PAPPAS, Mr. KING, Mr. ROEMER, Mr. BACHUS, Mr. BLILEY, Mr. CANNON, Mr. LAHOOD, Mr. PORTMAN, Mr. SMITH of Texas, Mr. HUTCHINSON, Mr. PITTS, Mr. FORBES, Mr. CRAPO, Mr. RAHALL, Mr. YOUNG of Alaska, Mr. STEARNS, Mr. ENSIGN, Mr. WALSH, Mr. BUNNING, Mr. GANSKE, Mr. HILL, Mr. ENGLISH of Pennsylvania, Mr. QUINN, Mr. DIAZ-BALART, Mr. THORNBERRY, Mr. PETERSON of Minnesota, Mr. CALLAHAN, Mr. STUMP, Mr. MICA, Mr. LATHAM, Mr. MCCOLLUM, Mr. BEREUTER, Mr. TALENT, Mr. PACKARD, Mr. CAMP, Mr. BARR of Georgia, Mr. NORWOOD, Mr. MANZULLO, Mr. MCINTOSH, Mr. BUYER, Mr. LEWIS of Kentucky, Mr. TIAHRT, Mr. POSHARD, Mr. MURTHA, Mr. KILDEE, Mr. JOHN, Mr. KANJORSKI, Mr. TAYLOR of Mississippi, Mr. BAKER, Mr. HOEKSTRA, Mr. SOUDER, Mr. BARRETT of Nebraska, Mr. SOLOMON, Mr. WICKER, Mr. RYUN, Mr. SAM JOHNSON of Texas, Mr. PARKER, Mr. COBLE, Mr. BONO, Mr. INGLIS of South Carolina, Mr. TAYLOR of North Carolina, Mr. BOEHNER, Mr. ISTOOK, Mr. WATKINS, Mr. SCHIFF, Mr. PETERSON of Pennsylvania, Mr. MCDADE, Mr. HANSEN, Mr. BARTON of Texas, Mr. HASTINGS of Washington, Mr. JONES, Mr. STENHOLM, Mr. BURR of North Carolina, Mr. GRAHAM, Mr. WAMP, Mr. LINDER, Mr. JENKINS, Mr. GUTKNECHT, Mr. GOODLING, Mr. PETRI, Mr. NEY, Mr. SANFORD, Mr. LARGENT, Mr. STUPAK, Mr. HASTERT, Mr. NUSSLE, Mr. WELDON of Pennsylvania, Mr. ROGERS, Mr. SALMON, Mr. POMBO, Mr. CHAMBLISS, Mr. SHADEGG, Mr. ORTIZ, Mr. ADERHOLT, Mr. GALLEGLY, Mr. SMITH of Oregon, Mr. LIVINGSTON, Mr. EVERETT, Mr. SKEEN, Mr. ARCHER, Mr. SUNUNU, Mr. METCALF, Mr. OXLEY, Mr. PAXON, Mr. BLUNT, Mr. PICKERING, Mr. SHUSTER, Mr. GILLMOR, Mr. SPENCE, Mr. KASICH, Mr. NEUMANN, Mr. BOB SCHAFFER of Colorado, Mr. MOLLOHAN, Mr. EHLERS, Mr. GOODE, Mr. PEASE, Mr. COMBEST, and Mr. WHITFIELD) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

March 14, 1997

Additional sponsors: Mr. GOSS, Mr. WOLF, Mr. SENSENBRENNER, Mr. RILEY, Mr. BILIRAKIS, Mr. KINGSTON, Mr. LIPINSKI, Mrs. FOWLER, Ms. ROS-LEHTINEN, Mr. SNOWBARGER, Mr. RADANOVICH, Mr. TAUZIN, Mr. MORAN of Kansas, Mr. CALVERT, Mr. LATOURETTE, Mr. CLEMENT, and Mr. Scarborough

March 14, 1997

Reported with an amendment, committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union, and ordered to be printed

[Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed in italic]


A BILL

To amend title 18, United States Code, to ban partial-birth abortions.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

[Struck out->] SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. [<-Struck out]

    [Struck out->] This Act may be cited as the ‘Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 1997’. [<-Struck out]

[Struck out->] SEC. 2. PROHIBITION ON PARTIAL-BIRTH ABORTIONS. [<-Struck out]

    [Struck out->] (a) IN GENERAL- Title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 73 the following: [<-Struck out]

[Struck out->]
‘CHAPTER 74--PARTIAL-BIRTH ABORTIONS [<-Struck out]

[Struck out->]

‘Sec. [<-Struck out]

      [Struck out->]

      ‘1531Partial-birth abortions prohibited. [<-Struck out]

[Struck out->]
‘Sec. 1531 Partial-birth abortions prohibited [<-Struck out]

    [Struck out->]

    ‘(a) Whoever, in or affecting interstate or foreign commerce, knowingly performs a partial-birth abortion and thereby kills a human fetus or infant shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than two years, or both. [<-Struck out]

    [Struck out->]

    ‘(b) Subsection (a) does not apply to a partial-birth abortion that is necessary to save the life of a mother because her life is endangered by a physical disorder, physical injury, or physical illness, including a life-endangering physical condition caused by or arising from the pregnancy itself, if no other medical procedure would suffice for that purpose. [<-Struck out]

    [Struck out->]

    ‘(c) As used in this section-- [<-Struck out]

      [Struck out->]

      ‘(1) the term ‘partial-birth abortion’ means an abortion in which the person performing the abortion partially vaginally delivers a living fetus before killing the infant and completing the delivery; and [<-Struck out]

      [Struck out->]

      ‘(2) the terms ‘fetus’ and ‘infant’ are interchangeable. [<-Struck out]

    [Struck out->]

    ‘(d)(1) Unless the pregnancy resulted from the plaintiff’s criminal conduct or the plaintiff consented to the abortion, the father, and if the mother has not attained the age of 18 years at the time of the abortion, the maternal grandparents of the fetus or infant, may in a civil action obtain appropriate relief. [<-Struck out]

    [Struck out->]

    ‘(2) Such relief shall include-- [<-Struck out]

      [Struck out->]

      ‘(A) money damages for all injuries, psychological and physical, occasioned by the violation of this section; and [<-Struck out]

      [Struck out->]

      ‘(B) statutory damages equal to three times the cost of the partial-birth abortion; [<-Struck out]

    [Struck out->] even if the mother consented to the performance of an abortion. [<-Struck out]

    [Struck out->]

    ‘(e) A woman upon whom a partial-birth abortion is performed may not be prosecuted under this section for a conspiracy to violate this section, or an offense under section 2, 3, or 4 of this title based on a violation of this section.’. [<-Struck out]

    [Struck out->] (b) CLERICAL AMENDMENT- The table of chapters for part I of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to chapter 73 the following new item: [<-Struck out]

[Struck out->] 1531’. [<-Struck out]

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ‘Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 1997’.

SEC. 2. PROHIBITION ON PARTIAL-BIRTH ABORTIONS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 73 the following:

‘CHAPTER 74--PARTIAL-BIRTH ABORTIONS

‘Sec.

      ‘1531. Partial-birth abortions prohibited.

‘Sec. 1531. Partial-birth abortions prohibited

    ‘(a) Whoever, in or affecting interstate or foreign commerce, knowingly performs a partial-birth abortion and thereby kills a human fetus or infant shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than two years, or both.

    ‘(b) Subsection (a) does not apply to a partial-birth abortion that is necessary to save the life of a mother because her life is endangered by a physical disorder, physical injury, or physical illness, including a life-endangering physical condition caused by or arising from the pregnancy itself, if no other medical procedure would suffice for that purpose.

    ‘(c) As used in this section--

      ‘(1) the term ‘partial-birth abortion’ means an abortion in which the person performing the abortion partially vaginally delivers a living fetus before killing the infant and completing the delivery; and

      ‘(2) the terms ‘fetus’ and ‘infant’ are interchangeable.

    ‘(d)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (3), the father, and if the mother has not attained the age of 18 years at the time of the abortion, the maternal grandparents of the fetus or infant, may in a civil action obtain appropriate relief.

    ‘(2) Such relief shall include--

      ‘(A) money damages for all psychological injuries occasioned by the violation of this section; and

      ‘(B) statutory damages equal to three times the cost of the partial-birth abortion;

    even if the mother consented to the performance of an abortion.

    ‘(3) A civil action may not be commenced under this section if--

      ‘(A) the pregnancy resulted from the plaintiff’s criminal conduct;

      ‘(B) the plaintiff consented to the abortion; or

      ‘(C) the plaintiff is a father who abandoned or abused the mother.

    ‘(e) A woman upon whom a partial-birth abortion is performed may not be prosecuted under this section for a conspiracy to violate this section, or an offense under section 2, 3, or 4 of this title based on a violation of this section.’.

    (b) CLERICAL AMENDMENT- The table of chapters for part I of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to chapter 73 the following new item:

1531’.