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H.Res. 389 (105th): Celebrating the “New Mexico Cuartocentenario”, the 400th anniversary commemoration of the first permanent Spanish settlement in New Mexico.

The text of the bill below is as of Mar 18, 1998 (Introduced).



2d Session

H. RES. 389

Celebrating the ‘New Mexico Cuartocentenario’, the 400th anniversary commemoration of the first permanent Spanish settlement in New Mexico.


March 18, 1998

Mr. SCHIFF (for himself, Mr. REDMOND, and Mr. SKEEN) submitted the following resolution; which was referred to the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight


Celebrating the ‘New Mexico Cuartocentenario’, the 400th anniversary commemoration of the first permanent Spanish settlement in New Mexico.

Whereas 400 years ago Don Juan de On.AE6ate of Spain settled the first permanent colony of Europeans in the Southwest Region of the United States, known as San Gabriel de Los EspanAE6oles, located near the modern day cities of San Juan Pueblo and EspanAE6ola, New Mexico;

Whereas 1998 marks the 400th anniversary, referred to as the Cuartocentenario, of the first permanent settlement in New Mexico;

Whereas the first Spanish capital was established at San Juan de los Caballeros in July of 1598, twelve years earlier than the English settled Jamestown in 1610;

Whereas Spanish exploration activity in the New World began in 1512 when Ponce de Leon explored the Florida peninsula, and included the explorations of Francisco Coronado from California to Kansas and across Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Oklahoma from 1540 to 1542;

Whereas Hispanic Americans are the fastest growing minority group in the United States and include descendants of the Spanish, Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, Central American, and other Hispanic peoples;

Whereas the United States Census Bureau estimated in March 1993 that the Hispanic population of the United States was 22,800,000, and the current estimate of the Hispanic population in the United States is 26,000,000, with projections of 30,000,000 by the year 2000, 40,000,000 by 2010, and almost 60,000,000 (or 20 percent of the total United States population) by the year 2030;

Whereas the number of Hispanic immigrants to the United States has increased from 1,500,000 in the 1960’s, to 2,400,000 in the 1970’s, to 4,500,000 in the 1980’s, and the number of Hispanic immigrants is expected to continue to rise;

Whereas two-thirds of all Hispanics in the United States today are of Mexican origin, and 70 percent of United States Hispanics live in 4 States: California, Texas, New York, and Florida;

Whereas New Mexico’s Hispanic population is 39 percent (or over 660,000 of the 1995 total State population of 1,700,000) and represents the highest percentage of Hispanics in any State in the United States;

Whereas the United States has an enriched legacy of Hispanic influence in politics, government, business, and culture due to the early settlements and continuous influx of Hispanics into the United States;

Whereas the New Mexico State government has funded a Hispanic Cultural Center in Albuquerque, New Mexico, with assistance from the Federal Government, local governments, and private contributors, to celebrate and preserve Hispanic culture, including literature, performing arts, visual arts, music, culinary arts, and language arts;

Whereas the Archbishop of Santa Fe, Michael Sheehan, is planning events throughout 1998 in New Mexico, including the opening of ‘Jubilee year’, an encuentro at Santo Domingo Pueblo to mark the meeting of the missionaries with the Pueblo peoples, an Archdiocesan reconciliation service at the Santuario de Chimayo, and an Archdiocesan celebration of St. Francis of Assisi in Santa Fe;

Whereas in order to commemorate Don Juan de On.AE6ate’s arrival, the city of EspanAE6ola will have a fiesta in July 1998, the city of Santa Fe is planning several special events, and the New Mexico statewide committee is planning a parade, a historical costume ball, and a pageant in Albuquerque; and

Whereas many other religious, educational, and social events are being planned around New Mexico to commemorate the 400th anniversary of the first permanent Spanish settlement in New Mexico: Now, therefore, be it

    Resolved, That the House of Representatives--

      (1) commemorates the first permanent Spanish settlement in New Mexico;

      (2) recognizes the cultural and economic importance of the Spanish settlements throughout the Southwest Region of the United States;

      (3) expresses its support for the work of the Espan.AE6ola Plaza Foundation, the Santa Fe and Albuquerque Cuartocentenario committees, the Archdiocese of Santa Fe, the New Mexico Hispanic Cultural Center Board of Directors, the Hispanic Cultural Foundation Board of Trustees, as well as other interested groups that are preparing New Mexico Cuartocentenario activities;

      (4) expresses its support for the events to be held in New Mexico and the Southwest in observance of the New Mexico Cuartocentenario; and

      (5) requests that the President issue a proclamation calling upon the people of the United States--

        (A) to commemorate the first permanent Spanish settlement in New Mexico with appropriate ceremonies, activities, and programs to honor and celebrate the contributions of Hispanic people to the cultural and economic life of the United States; and

        (B) to support, promote, and participate in the many activities being planned to commemorate the historic event of the early settling of the Southwest Region of the United States by the Spanish.