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H.R. 1152 (106th): Silk Road Strategy Act of 1999


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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.


8/2/1999--Passed House amended. Silk Road Strategy Act of 1999 - Amends the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to authorize specified assistance, including humanitarian, economic, migration and refugee, development, border control, and democracy building assistance, to the South Caucasus and Central Asia countries to: (1) promote sovereignty, independence with democratic government, and respect for human rights; (2) assist in the resolution of regional conflicts and facilitate the removal of impediments to cross-border commerce; (3) promote economic cooperation and market-oriented principles; (4) assist in the development of infrastructure necessary for communications, transportation, education, health, and energy and trade on an East-West axis in order to build strong relations and commerce between those countries and the democratic, market-oriented countries of the Euro-Atlantic community; and (5) support U.S. business interests and investments in the region.Prohibits, with specified exceptions, assistance to the governments of such countries if the President determines and certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that such governments: (1) are engaged in a consistent pattern of gross violations of internationally recognized human rights; (2) have knowingly transferred, or knowingly allowed to be transferred through such country, controlled missiles or missile technology to another country, or any equipment or technology that would contribute to the ability of such country to manufacture weapons of mass destruction (including nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons); (3) have repeatedly supported acts of international terrorism; (4) are prohibited from receiving such assistance by specified Federal laws; or (5) have not made significant progress toward resolving trade disputes registered with and raised by the U.S. embassy in such country.Expresses the sense of Congress that: (1) the President should use all diplomatic means to press for an equitable, fair, and permanent resolution to the conflicts in the South Caucasus and Central Asia; (2) the United States should, where appropriate, support the establishment of neutral, multinational peacekeeping forces to implement peace agreements reached between belligerents in the countries of those regions; and (3) the United States should continue to provide assistance to the Centre for International Cooperation (MASHAV) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Israel, under the Cooperative Development Program-Central Asian Republics (CDP-CAR) program of the U.S. Agency for International Development (AID), for economic development activities in agriculture, health, and other relevant sectors consistent with AID priorities in such countries.