< Back to H.R. 1248 (106th Congress, 1999–2000)

Text of the Violence Against Women Act of 2000

This bill was introduced in a previous session of Congress and was passed by the House on September 26, 2000 but was never passed by the Senate. The text of the bill below is as of Sep 26, 2000 (Passed the House (Engrossed)).

This is not the latest text of this bill.

Source: GPO

HR 1248 EH

106th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 1248


AN ACT

To prevent violence against women.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) SHORT TITLE- This Act may be cited as the ‘Violence Against Women Act of 2000’.

    (b) TABLE OF CONTENTS- The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

      Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

      Sec. 2. Definitions.

TITLE I--CONTINUING THE COMMITMENT OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT

Subtitle A--Law Enforcement and Prosecution Grants To Combat Violence Against Women

      Sec. 101. Reauthorization.

      Sec. 102. Technical amendments.

      Sec. 103. State coalition grants.

      Sec. 104. Full faith and credit enforcement of protection orders.

      Sec. 105. Filing costs for criminal charges

      Sec. 106. Elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation.

Subtitle B--National Domestic Violence Hotline

      Sec. 111. Reauthorization.

      Sec. 112. Technical amendments.

Subtitle C--Battered Women’s Shelters and Services

      Sec. 121. Short title.

      Sec. 122. Authorization of appropriations for family violence prevention and services.

      Sec. 123. FVPSA improvements.

      Sec. 124. Transitional housing assistance for victims of domestic violence.

Subtitle D--Community Initiatives

      Sec. 131. Grants for community initiatives.

Subtitle E--Education and Training for Judges and Court Personnel

      Sec. 141. Reauthorization.

Subtitle F--Grants To Encourage Arrest Policies

      Sec. 151. Reauthorization.

      Sec. 152. Technical amendment.

Subtitle G--Rural Domestic Violence and Child Abuse Enforcement

      Sec. 161. Reauthorization.

      Sec. 162. Technical amendments.

Subtitle H--National Stalker and Domestic Violence Reduction

      Sec. 171. Technical amendments.

      Sec. 172. Reauthorization.

Subtitle I--Federal Victims’ Counselors

      Sec. 181. Reauthorization.

Subtitle J--Victims of Child Abuse Programs

      Sec. 191. Reauthorization of court-appointed special advocate program.

      Sec. 192. Reauthorization of child abuse training programs for judicial personnel and practitioners.

      Sec. 193. Reauthorization of grants for televised testimony.

      Sec. 194. Dissemination of information.

TITLE II--SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION

      Sec. 201. Transfer of rape prevention and education program.

      Sec. 202. Rape prevention education.

      Sec. 203. Sexual assault and interpersonal violence; demonstration projects.

TITLE III--OTHER DOMESTIC VIOLENCE PROGRAMS

Subtitle A--Strengthening Services to Victims of Violence

      Sec. 301. Civil legal assistance for victims.

Subtitle B--Limiting the Effects of Violence on Children

      Sec. 305. Safe havens for children pilot program.

Subtitle C--Protections Against Violence and Abuse for Women with Disabilities

      Sec. 310. Findings.

      Sec. 311. Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968.

      Sec. 312. Violence Against Women Act.

      Sec. 313. Grants for technical assistance.

Subtitle D--Standards, Practice, and Training for Sexual Assault Examinations

      Sec. 315. Short title.

      Sec. 316. Standards, practice, and training for sexual assault forensic examinations.

Subtitle E--Domestic Violence Task Force

      Sec. 320. Domestic Violence Task Force.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

    (a) DOMESTIC VIOLENCE-

      (1) OMNIBUS CRIME CONTROL AND SAFE STREETS ACT- Section 2003(1) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(1)) is amended to read as follows:

      ‘(1) the term ‘domestic violence’ includes acts or threats of violence, not including acts of self-defense, committed by a current or former spouse of the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabiting with or has cohabited with the victim, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction, or by any other person against a victim who is protected from that person’s acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction;’.

      (2) OMNIBUS CRIME CONTROL AND SAFE STREETS ACT- Section 2105(1) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796hh-4(1)) is amended to read as follows:

      ‘(1) the term ‘domestic violence’ includes acts or threats of violence, not including acts of self-defense, committed by a current or former spouse of the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabiting with or has cohabited with the victim, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction, or by any other person against a victim who is protected from that person’s acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction; and’.

    (b) INDIAN COUNTRY- Section 2003(2) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(1)) is amended to read as follows:

      ‘(2) the term ‘Indian country’ has the same meaning as is given such term by section 1151 of title 18, United States Code;’.

    (c) STALKING- Section 2003 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2) is amended by striking the period at the end of paragraph (8) and inserting a semicolon and by adding after paragraph (8) the following:

      ‘(9) the term ‘stalking’ means engaging in conduct that is directed at an individual with the intent to injure and harass the individual and which places the individual in reasonable fear of the death of, or serious bodily injury to, that individual, a member of that individual’s immediate family or that individual’s intimate partner;’.

    (d) UNDERSERVED POPULATIONS- Section 2003(7) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(7) is amended to read as follows:

      ‘(7) the term ‘underserved populations’ includes populations underserved because of geographic location (such as rural isolation), underserved racial and ethnic populations, populations underserved because of special needs (such as language barriers, disabilities, or age), and any other population determined to be underserved by the State planning process in consultation with the Attorney General;’.

    (e) DOMESTIC VIOLENCE COALITION- Section 2003 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2), as amended by subsection (c), is amended by adding after paragraph (9) the following:

      ‘(10) the term ‘domestic violence coalition’ means a statewide (except in the case of a coalition within lands under tribal authority) nonprofit, nongovernmental membership organization of a majority of domestic violence programs within the State, commonwealth, territory, or lands under military, Federal, or tribal authority that among other activities provides training and technical assistance to domestic violence programs within the State, commonwealth, territory, or lands under military, Federal, or tribal authority;’.

    (f) SEXUAL ASSAULT COALITION- Section 2003 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2), as amended by subsection (e), is amended by adding after paragraph (10) the following:

      ‘(11) the term ‘sexual assault coalition’ means a statewide (except in the case of a coalition within lands under tribal authority) nonprofit, nongovernmental membership organization of a majority of sexual assault programs within the State, commonwealth, territory, or lands under military, Federal, or tribal authority that among other activities provides training and technical assistance to sexual assault programs within the State, commonwealth, territory, or lands under military, Federal, or tribal authority; and’.

    (g) DATING VIOLENCE-

      (1) SECTION 2003- Section 2003 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3996gg-2), as amended by subsection (f), is amended by adding after paragraph (11) the following:

      ‘(12) The term ‘dating violence’ means violence committed by a person--

        ‘(A) who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim; and

        ‘(B) where the existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on a consideration of the following factors:

          ‘(i) the length of the relationship;

          ‘(ii) the type of relationship; and

          ‘(iii) the frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship.’.

      (2) SECTION 2105- Section 2105 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796hh-4) is amended by striking ‘and’ at the end of paragraph (1), by striking the period at the end of paragraph (2) and inserting ‘; and’, and by adding after paragraph (2) the following:

      ‘(3) the term ‘dating violence’ means violence committed by a person--

        ‘(A) who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim; and

        ‘(B) where the existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on a consideration of the following factors:

          ‘(i) the length of the relationship;

          ‘(ii) the type of relationship; and

          ‘(iii) the frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship.’.

TITLE I--CONTINUING THE COMMITMENT OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT

Subtitle A--Law Enforcement and Prosecution Grants To Combat Violence Against Women

SEC. 101. REAUTHORIZATION.

    Section 1001(a)(18) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3793(a)(18)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of subparagraph (E);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (F) and inserting a semicolon; and

      (3) by inserting after subparagraph (F) the following:

      ‘(G) $185,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;

      ‘(H) $185,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;

      ‘(I) $185,000,000 for fiscal year 2003;

      ‘(J) $195,000,000 for fiscal year 2004; and

      ‘(K) $195,000,000 for fiscal year 2005.’.

SEC. 102. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

    (a) GRANT ALLOCATION- Section 2002(c)(3) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-1(c)(3)) is amended to read as follows:

      ‘(3) at least 50 percent is allocated to grants for law enforcement, prosecution, and State and local court systems and at least 35 percent is allocated for victim services; and’.

    (b) REALLOTMENT- Section 2002(e) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-1(e)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      ‘(3) REALLOTMENT OF FUNDS-

        ‘(A) If, at the end of the 9th month of any fiscal year for which funds are appropriated under section 1001(a)(18), the amounts made available are unspent or unobligated, such unspent or unobligated funds shall be reallotted to the current fiscal year recipients in the victim services area pursuant to section 2002(c)(3) proportionate to their original allotment for the current fiscal year.

        ‘(B) For the first 2 fiscal years following the date of the enactment of the Violence Against Women Act of 2000, the Attorney General may waive the qualification requirements of section 2002(c)(3), at the request of the State and with the support of law enforcement, prosecution, and victim services grantees currently funded under this section, if the reallocation of funds among law enforcement, prosecution, victim services, and State and local court systems mandated by this Act adversely impacts victims of sexual assault, domestic violence, and stalking, due to the reduction of funds to programs and services funded under this section in the prior fiscal year. Any waiver granted under this subparagraph shall not diminish the allocation of any State for victim services.’.

    (c) EXPANDED GRANT PURPOSES- Section 2001(b) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg(b)) is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘sexual assault and domestic violence’ and inserting ‘sexual assault, domestic violence, and dating violence’;

      (2) in paragraph (5), by striking ‘sexual assault and domestic violence’ and inserting ‘sexual assault, domestic violence, and dating violence’;

      (3) by striking ‘and’ at the end of paragraph (6); and

      (4) by redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph (10) and by inserting after paragraph (6) the following new paragraphs:

      ‘(7) developing, enlarging, or strengthening State and local court programs, including training for State, local, and tribal judges and court personnel, addressing violent crimes against women, including sexual assault, domestic violence, and stalking;

      ‘(8) training of sexual assault forensic medical personnel examiners in the collection and preservation of evidence, analysis, prevention, and providing expert testimony and treatment of trauma related to sexual assault;

      ‘(9) supporting the development of sexual assault response teams to strengthen the investigation of sexual assaults and coordinate services for victims of sexual assault; and’.

    (d) MONITORING AND COMPLIANCE- Section 2002 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-1) is amended by redesignating subsections (e), (f), (g), and (h) as subsections (f), (g), (h), and (i), respectively, and by inserting after subsection (d) the following:

    ‘(e) MONITORING AND COMPLIANCE- The Attorney General shall deny applications--

      ‘(1) that do not meet the requirements set forth in subsections (c) and (d); and

      ‘(2) for failure to provide documentation, including memoranda of understanding, contract, or other documentation of any collaborative efforts with other agencies or organizations.’.

    (e) VICTIM SERVICES- Section 2003(8) of Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(8)) is amended by striking ‘assisting domestic violence or sexual assault victims through the legal process’ and inserting ‘providing advocacy and assistance for victims seeking abuse-related health care services and legal and social services, except that such term shall not include programs or activities that are targeted primarily for offenders’.

    (f) INDIAN TRIBAL GRANTS- Section 2002(b)(1) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-1(b)(1)) is amended by striking ‘4 percent’ and inserting ‘5 percent’.

    (g) MEDICAL COST REIMBURSEMENT- Section 2005(b)(3) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-4(b)(3)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of subparagraph (C);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (D) and inserting ‘; and’; and

      (3) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following:

        ‘(E) the reimbursement is not contingent upon the victim’s report of the sexual assault to law enforcement or upon the victim’s cooperation in the prosecution of the sexual assault.’.

    (h) STATE AND LOCAL COURTS- Section 2002(a) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-1(a)) is amended by inserting ‘, State and local courts’ after ‘States’ the second time it appears.

    (i) INFORMATION REPORTING- Section 2001(b)(4) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg(b)(4)) is amended by adding before the semicolon the following: ‘, including the reporting of such information to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System’.

SEC. 103. STATE COALITION GRANTS.

    Section 2001 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg) is amended by inserting after subsection (b) the following new subsection:

    ‘(c) GRANTS-

      ‘(1) TO COALITIONS- The Attorney General shall make grants to each of the State domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions in the State for the purposes of coordinating State victim services activities, and collaborating and coordinating with Federal, State, and local entities engaged in violence against women activities. In no case will such awards preclude the State domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions from receiving grants under this part to fulfill the purposes described in subsections (a) and (b).

      ‘(2) PERCENT ALLOCATIONS- Domestic violence coalitions and sexual assault coalitions shall each receive not less than two and one-half percent of the funds appropriated for a fiscal year under section 1001(a)(18) for the purposes described in paragraph (1).

    ‘(3) GEOGRAPHICAL ALLOTMENT-

      ‘(A) AMOUNT- The domestic violence and sexual assault coalition in each State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the combined United States Territories shall each receive an amount equal to 1/54 of the amount made available under paragraph (2). The combined United States Territories shall not receive less than 1.5 percent of the funds made available under paragraph (2) for each fiscal year and the tribal domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions shall not receive less than 1.5 percent of the funds made available under paragraph (2) for each fiscal year.

      ‘(B) DEFINITION- For the purposes of this section, the term ‘combined United States Territories’ means Guam, American Samoa, the United States Virgin Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.

      ‘(C) INDIANS- 1/54 of the amount appropriated shall be made available for development and operation of nonprofit nongovernmental tribal domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions in Indian country.

    ‘(4) DISBURSEMENT OF GEOGRAPHICAL ALLOTMENTS- 50 percent of the 1/54 allotted to each State, the District of Columbia, Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the combined United States Territories, and Indian country under paragraph (3) shall be made available to the domestic violence coalition as defined in section 2003(10) of this Act and 50 percent shall be made available to the sexual assault coalition as defined in section 2003(11) of this Act; and

    ‘(5) COMPONENT ELIGIBILITY- In the case of combined domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions, each component shall be deemed eligible for the awards for sexual assault and domestic violence activities, respectively.

    ‘(6) APPLICATION- In the application submitted by a coalition for the grant, the coalition provides assurances satisfactory to the Attorney General that the coalition--

      ‘(A) has actively sought and encouraged the participation of law enforcement agencies and other legal or judicial entities in the preparation of the application; and

      ‘(B) will actively seek and encourage the participation of such entities in the activities carried out with the grant.’.

SEC. 104. FULL FAITH AND CREDIT ENFORCEMENT OF PROTECTION ORDERS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Part U of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796hh et seq.) is amended--

      (1) in the heading, by adding ‘AND ENFORCEMENT OF PROTECTION ORDERS’ at the end;

      (2) in section 2101(b)--

        (A) in paragraph (6), by inserting ‘(including juvenile courts)’ after ‘courts’; and

        (B) by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(7) To provide technical assistance and computer and other equipment to police departments, prosecutors, courts, and tribal jurisdictions to facilitate the widespread enforcement of protection orders, including interstate enforcement, enforcement between States and tribal jurisdictions, and enforcement between tribal jurisdictions.’; and

      (3) in section 2102--

        (A) in subsection (b)--

          (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘and’ at the end;

          (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and inserting ‘, including the enforcement of protection orders from other States and jurisdictions (including tribal jurisdictions);’; and

          (iii) by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(3) have established cooperative agreements or can demonstrate effective ongoing collaborative arrangements with neighboring jurisdictions to facilitate the enforcement of protection orders from other States and jurisdictions (including tribal jurisdictions); and

      ‘(4) will give priority to using the grant to develop and install data collection and communication systems, including computerized systems, and training on how to use these systems effectively to link police, prosecutors, courts, and tribal jurisdictions for the purpose of identifying and tracking protection orders and violations of protection orders, in those jurisdictions where such systems do not exist or are not fully effective.’; and

        (B) by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(c) DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION- The Attorney General shall annually compile and broadly disseminate (including through electronic publication) information about successful data collection and communication systems that meet the purposes described in this section. Such dissemination shall target States, State and local courts, Indian tribal governments, and units of local government.’.

    (b) ELIGIBILITY FOR GRANTS TO ENCOURAGE ARREST POLICIES-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Section 2101 of part U of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796hh) is amended--

        (A) in subsection (c), by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:

      ‘(4) certify that their laws, policies, and practices do not require, in connection with the prosecution of any misdemeanor or felony domestic violence offense, or in connection with the filing, issuance, registration, or service of a protection order to protect a victim of domestic violence, stalking, or sexual assault, that the victim bear the costs associated with the filing of criminal charges against the offender, or the costs associated with the filing, issuance, registration, or service of a warrant, protection order, or witness subpoena, whether issued inside or outside the State, tribal, or local jurisdiction.’; and

        (B) by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(d) DEFINITION- In this section, the term ‘protection order’ has the meaning given the term in section 2266 of title 18, United States Code.’.

      (2) APPLICATION FOR GRANTS TO ENCOURAGE ARREST POLICIES- Section 2102(a)(1)(B) of part U of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796hh-1(a)(1)(B)) is amended by striking ‘2 years of the date of enactment of this part’ and inserting ‘the expiration of the 1-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of the Violence Against Women Act of 2000’.

SEC. 105. FILING COSTS FOR CRIMINAL CHARGES.

    Section 2006 of part T of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-5) is amended--

        (A) in the heading, by striking ‘filing’ and inserting ‘and protection orders’ after ‘charges’;

        (B) in subsection (a)--

          (i) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:

      ‘(1) certifies that its laws, policies, and practices do not require, in connection with the prosecution of any misdemeanor or felony domestic violence offense, or in connection with the filing, issuance, registration, or service of a protection order to protect a victim of domestic violence, stalking, or sexual assault, that the victim bear the costs associated with the filing of criminal charges against the offender, or the costs associated with the filing, issuance, registration, or service of a warrant, civil or criminal protection order, or witness subpoena, whether issued inside or outside the State, tribal, or local jurisdiction; or’; and

          (ii) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ‘2 years’ and inserting ‘1 year after the date of the enactment of the Violence Against Women Act of 2000’; and

        (C) by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(c) DEFINITION- In this section, the term ‘protection order’ has the meaning given the term in section 2266 of title 18, United States Code.’.

SEC. 106. ELDER ABUSE, NEGLECT, AND EXPLOITATION.

    The Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (108 Stat. 1902) is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘Subtitle H--Elder Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation, Including Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Against Older or Disabled Individuals

‘SEC. 40801. DEFINITIONS.

    ‘In this subtitle:

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The terms ‘elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation’, and ‘older individual’ have the meanings given the terms in section 102 of the Older Americans Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 3002).

      ‘(2) DOMESTIC VIOLENCE- The term ‘domestic violence’ has the meaning given such term by section 2105 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796hh-4).

      ‘(3) SEXUAL ASSAULT- The term ‘sexual assault’ has the meaning given the term in section 2003 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2).

‘SEC. 40802. LAW SCHOOL CLINICAL PROGRAMS ON ELDER ABUSE, NEGLECT, AND EXPLOITATION.

    ‘The Attorney General shall make grants to law school clinical programs for the purposes of funding the inclusion of cases addressing issues of elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation, including domestic violence and sexual assault, against older or disabled individuals.

‘SEC. 40803. TRAINING PROGRAMS FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS.

    ‘The Attorney General shall develop curricula and offer, or provide for the offering of, training programs to assist law enforcement officers, prosecutors, and relevant officers of Federal, State, and local courts in recognizing, addressing, investigating, and prosecuting instances of elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation, including domestic violence and sexual assault, against older or disabled individuals.

‘SEC. 40804. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ‘There are authorized to be appropriated $15,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005 to carry out this subtitle.’.

Subtitle B--National Domestic Violence Hotline

SEC. 111. REAUTHORIZATION.

    Section 316(f)(1) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10416(f)(1)) is amended to read as follows:

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the purposes of this section--

        ‘(A) $1,600,000 for fiscal year 2001;

        ‘(B) $1,800,000 for fiscal year 2002;

        ‘(C) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2003; and

        ‘(D) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2004.’.

SEC. 112. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

    Section 316 of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10416) is amended by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g) and by inserting after subsection (e) the following:

    ‘(f) REPORTS- Within 90 days after the date of the enactment of the Violence Against Women Act of 2000, all entities receiving funds pursuant to activities under subsection (a) shall prepare and submit a report to the Secretary that evaluates the effectiveness of the use of amounts received under such grants by such grantee and containing such other information as the Secretary may prescribe. The Secretary shall publish any such reports and provide at least 90 days for notice and opportunity for public comment prior to awarding or renewing any such grants.’.

Subtitle C--Battered Women’s Shelters and Services

SEC. 121. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ‘Battered Women’s Shelters and Services Act’.

SEC. 122. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES.

    Section 310(a) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10409(a)) is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this title (other than section 316)--

      ‘(1) $120,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;

      ‘(2) $160,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;

      ‘(3) $200,000,000 for fiscal year 2003; and

      ‘(4) $260,000,000 for fiscal year 2004.’.

SEC. 123. FVPSA IMPROVEMENTS.

    (a) REALLOTMENT OF FUNDS- Section 304(d) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10403(d)) is amended--

      (1) by inserting after ‘to such State in grants under section 303(a)’ the following: ‘or Indian tribe or tribal organization under section 303(b)’;

      (2) by inserting after ‘failure of such State’ the following: ‘or Indian tribe or tribal organization, or other entity’;

      (3) by inserting after ‘such amount to States’ the following: ‘and Indian tribes and tribal organizations’;

      (4) by inserting after ‘which meet such requirements’ the following: ‘proportionate to the original allocation made under subsection (a) or (b) of section 303, respectively’; and

      (5) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3) and adding after paragraph (1) the following:

    ‘(2) If, at the end of the sixth month of any fiscal year for which sums are appropriated under section 310, the amount allotted to an entity has not been made available to such entity in grants under sections 308 and 311 because of the failure of such entity to meet the requirements for a grant or because the limitation on expenditure has been reached, then the Secretary shall reallot such amount to States and Indian tribes and tribal organizations that meet such requirements proportionate to the original allocation under subsection (a) or (b) of section 303, respectively.’.

    (b) TRIBAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE COALITIONS- Section 303(b) of the Family Violence Prevention Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10402(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(4) From the amounts made available under paragraph (1), there shall be awarded by the Secretary not less than 5 percent of such amounts for the funding of tribal domestic violence coalitions. To be eligible for a grant under this paragraph, an entity shall be a private nonprofit coalition whose membership includes representatives from a majority of the programs for victims of domestic violence operating within the boundaries of an Indian reservation and programs whose primary purpose is serving the populations of such Indian country and whose board membership is representative of such programs. Such coalitions shall further the purposes of domestic violence intervention and prevention through activities including--

        ‘(A) training and technical assistance for local Indian domestic violence programs and providers of direct services to encourage appropriate responses to domestic violence in Indian country;

        ‘(B) planning and conducting needs assessments and planning for comprehensive services in Indian country;

        ‘(C) serving as an information clearinghouse and resource center for the Indian reservation represented by the coalition receiving these funds;

        ‘(D) collaborating with Indian, State, and Federal governmental systems which affect battered women in Indian country, including judicial and law enforcement and child protective services agencies, to encourage appropriate responses to domestic violence cases;

        ‘(E) conducting public education and outreach activities addressing domestic violence in Indian country;

        ‘(F) collaborating with State domestic violence coalitions in the areas described above; and

        ‘(G) participating in planning and monitoring of the distribution of grants and grant funds to the Indian reservation and tribal organizations under paragraph (1).’.

SEC. 124. TRANSITIONAL HOUSING ASSISTANCE FOR VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

    Part T of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘SEC. 2007. TRANSITIONAL HOUSING ASSISTANCE.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General shall award grants to States, units of local government, and Indian tribes under this section to carry out programs to provide assistance to individuals and their dependents--

      ‘(1) who are homeless or in need of transitional housing or other housing assistance, as a result of fleeing domestic violence; and

      ‘(2) for whom emergency shelter services are unavailable or insufficient.

    ‘(b) ASSISTANCE DESCRIBED- Assistance provided under this section may include--

      ‘(1) short-term housing assistance, including rental or utilities payments assistance, where such assistance is necessary to prevent homelessness due to fleeing domestic violence; and

      ‘(2) short-term support services, including expenses and costs associated with transportation and job training referrals, child care, counseling, transitional housing identification and placement, and related expenses such as utility or security deposits and other costs incidental to relocation to transitional housing.

    ‘(c) TERM OF ASSISTANCE- An individual or family assisted under this section may not receive transitional housing assistance for a total of more than 12 months.

    ‘(d) REPORTS-

      ‘(1) REPORT TO ATTORNEY GENERAL-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- An entity that receives a grant under this section shall annually prepare and submit to the Attorney General a report describing the number of individuals and dependents assisted, and the types of housing assistance and support services provided, under this section.

        ‘(B) CONTENTS- Each report shall include information on--

          ‘(i) the purpose and amount of housing assistance provided to each individual or dependent assisted under this section;

          ‘(ii) the number of months each individual or dependent received the assistance;

          ‘(iii) the number of individuals and dependents who were eligible to receive the assistance, and to whom the entity could not provide the assistance solely due to a lack of available housing; and

          ‘(iv) the type of support services provided to each individual or dependent assisted under this section.

      ‘(2) REPORT TO CONGRESS- The Attorney General shall annually prepare and submit to the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate a report that contains a compilation of the information contained in reports submitted under paragraph (1).

    ‘(e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund established under section 310001 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14211) to carry out this section--

      ‘(1) $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2001 through 2003; and

      ‘(2) $30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2004 and 2005.’.

Subtitle D--Community Initiatives

SEC. 131. GRANTS FOR COMMUNITY INITIATIVES.

    (a) AUTHORIZATION- Section 318(h) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10418(h)) is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(h) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--

      ‘(1) $8,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;

      ‘(2) $9,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;

      ‘(3) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2003; and

      ‘(4) $11,000,000 for fiscal year 2004.’.

    (b) INFORMATION- Subsection (i) of section 318 of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10418) is amended by inserting the text of the subsection as a cut-in paragraph (1) with the heading ‘IN GENERAL- ’ and by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(2) INFORMATION- The Secretary shall annually compile and broadly disseminate (including through electronic publication) information about the use of funds and about the projects funded under this section, including any evaluations of the projects and information to enable replication and adoption of the strategies identified in the projects. Such dissemination shall target other community-based programs, including domestic violence and sexual assault programs.’.

Subtitle E--Education and Training for Judges and Court Personnel

SEC. 141. REAUTHORIZATION.

    (a) GRANTS FOR EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR JUDGES AND COURT PERSONNEL IN STATE COURTS-

      (1) SECTION 40412- Section 40412 of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13992) is amended--

        (A) by striking ‘and’ at the end of paragraph (18);

        (B) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (19) and inserting a semicolon; and

        (C) by inserting after paragraph (19) the following:

      ‘(20) the issues raised by domestic violence in determining custody and visitation, including how to protect the safety of the child and of a parent who is not a predominant aggressor of domestic violence, the legitimate reasons parents may report domestic violence, the ways domestic violence may relate to an abuser’s desire to seek custody, and evaluating expert testimony in custody and visitation determinations involving domestic violence;

      ‘(21) the issues raised by child sexual assault in determining custody and visitation, including how to protect the safety of the child, the legitimate reasons parents may report child sexual assault, and evaluating expert testimony in custody and visitation determinations involving child sexual assault, including the current scientifically-accepted and empirically valid research on child sexual assault;

      ‘(22) the extent to which addressing domestic violence and victim safety contributes to the efficient administration of justice;’.

      (2) SECTION 40414- Section 40414(a) of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13994(a)) is amended by inserting ‘and $1,500,000 for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005’ after ‘1996’.

    (b) GRANTS FOR EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR JUDGES AND COURT PERSONNEL IN FEDERAL COURTS-

      (1) SECTION 40421- Section 40421(d) of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14001(d)) is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(d) CONTINUING EDUCATION AND TRAINING PROGRAMS- The Federal Judicial Center, in carrying out section 620(b)(3) of title 28, United States Code, shall include in the educational programs it prepares, including the training programs for newly appointed judges, information on the aspects of the topics listed in section 40412 that pertain to issues within the jurisdiction of the Federal courts, and shall prepare materials necessary to implement this subsection.’.

      (2) SECTION 40422- Section 40422(2) of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14002(2)) is amended by inserting ‘and $500,000 for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005’ after ‘1996’.

    (c) TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS TO THE EQUAL JUSTICE FOR WOMEN IN THE COURTS ACT OF 1994-

      (1) ENSURING COLLABORATION WITH DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND SEXUAL ASSAULT PROGRAMS- Section 40413 of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13993) is amended by adding ‘, including national, State, tribal, and local domestic violence and sexual assault programs and coalitions’ after ‘victim advocates’.

      (2) PARTICIPATION OF TRIBAL COURTS IN STATE TRAINING AND EDUCATION PROGRAMS- Section 40411 of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13991) is amended by adding at the end the following: ‘Nothing shall preclude the attendance of tribal judges and court personnel at programs funded under this section for States to train judges and court personnel on the laws of the States.’.

      (3) USE OF FUNDS FOR DISSEMINATION OF MODEL PROGRAMS- Section 40414 of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13994) is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(c) STATE JUSTICE INSTITUTE- The State Justice Institute may use up to 5 percent of the funds appropriated under this section for annually compiling and broadly disseminating (including through electronic publication) information about the use of funds and about the projects funded under this section, including any evaluations of the projects and information to enable the replication and adoption of the projects.’.

    (d) DATING VIOLENCE-

      (1) SECTION 40411- Section 40411 of the Equal Justice for Women in Courts Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C 13991) is amended by inserting ‘dating violence,’ after ‘domestic violence,’.

      (2) SECTION 40412- Section 40412 of such Act (42 U.S.C 13992) is amended--

        (A) in paragraph (10), by inserting ‘and dating violence’ before the semicolon;

        (B) in paragraph (11), by inserting ‘and dating’ after ‘domestic’;

        (C) in paragraph (13), by inserting ‘and dating’ after ‘domestic’ in both places that it appears;

        (D) in paragraph (17) by inserting ‘or dating’ after ‘domestic’ in both places that it appears; and

        (E) in paragraph (18), by inserting ‘and dating’ after ‘domestic’.

Subtitle F--Grants To Encourage Arrest Policies

SEC. 151. REAUTHORIZATION.

    Section 1001(a)(19) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3793(a)(19)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of subparagraph (B);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (C) and inserting a semicolon; and

      (3) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:

      ‘(D) $63,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;

      ‘(E) $67,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;

      ‘(F) $70,000,000 for fiscal year 2003;

      ‘(G) $70,000,000 for fiscal year 2004; and

      ‘(H) $70,000,000 for fiscal year 2005.’.

SEC. 152. TECHNICAL AMENDMENT.

    Section 2101 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796hh) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (b)(2), by inserting ‘and dating’ after ‘domestic’;

      (2) in subsection (b)(5), by inserting ‘and dating’ after ‘domestic’; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following:.

    ‘(e) DISBURSEMENT- At least 5 percent of the funds appropriated under 1001(a)(19) shall be used for grants to Indian tribal governments.’.

Subtitle G--Rural Domestic Violence and Child Abuse Enforcement

SEC. 161. REAUTHORIZATION.

    Section 40295(c)(1) of the Safe Homes for Women Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13971(c)(1)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of subparagraph (B);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (C) and inserting ‘; and’; and

      (3) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:

        ‘(D) $35,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.’.

SEC. 162. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

    Section 40295 of the Safe Homes for Women Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13971) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (a)(1), by inserting ‘and dating’ after ‘domestic’;

      (2) in subsection (a)(2), by inserting ‘and dating’ after ‘domestic’; and

      (3) in subsection (c), by adding at the end the following:.

      ‘(3) DISBURSEMENT- At least 5 percent of the funds appropriated under paragraph (1) shall be used for grants to Indian tribal governments.’.

Subtitle H--National Stalker and Domestic Violence Reduction

SEC. 171. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

    Section 40602(a) of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14031(a)) is amended by inserting ‘and implement’ after ‘improve’.

SEC. 172. REAUTHORIZATION.

    Section 40603 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14032) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of paragraph (2);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (3) and inserting ‘; and’; and

      (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:

      ‘(4) $3,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.’.

Subtitle I--Federal Victims’ Counselors

SEC. 181. REAUTHORIZATION.

    The text of section 40114 of the Safe Streets for Women Act of 1994 is amended to read as follows: ‘There are authorized to be appropriated for the United States Attorneys for the purpose of appointing Victim/Witness Counselors for the prosecution of domestic violence and sexual assault crimes where applicable (such as the District of Columbia) $1,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.’.

Subtitle J--Victims of Child Abuse Programs

SEC. 191. REAUTHORIZATION OF COURT-APPOINTED SPECIAL ADVOCATE PROGRAM.

    Section 218(a) of the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 13014(a)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of paragraph (4);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (5) and inserting ‘; and’; and

      (3) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:

      ‘(6) $12,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004.’.

SEC. 192. REAUTHORIZATION OF CHILD ABUSE TRAINING PROGRAMS FOR JUDICIAL PERSONNEL AND PRACTITIONERS.

    Section 224(a) of the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 13024(a)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of paragraph (4);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (5) and inserting ‘; and’; and

      (3) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:

      ‘(6) $2,300,000 for each of the fiscal years 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004.’.

SEC. 193. REAUTHORIZATION OF GRANTS FOR TELEVISED TESTIMONY.

    Section 1001(a)(7) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3793(a)(7)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of subparagraph (D);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (E) and inserting ‘; and’; and

      (3) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following:

      ‘(F) $1,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.’.

SEC. 194. DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION.

    Section 40156 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 is amended by inserting at the end the following:

    ‘(d) INFORMATION- The Attorney General shall annually compile and broadly disseminate (including through electronic publication) information about the use of funds and about the projects funded under this section, including any evaluations of the projects and information to enable replication and adoption of the strategies identified in the projects. Such dissemination shall target community-based programs, including domestic violence and sexual assault programs.’.

TITLE II--SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION

SEC. 201. TRANSFER OF RAPE PREVENTION AND EDUCATION PROGRAM.

    Part J of title III of the Public Health Service Act is amended by inserting after section 393A the following new section:

‘SEC. 393B. USE OF ALLOTMENTS FOR RAPE PREVENTION EDUCATION.

    ‘(a) GRANTS-

      ‘(1) PERMITTED USE- Notwithstanding section 1904(a)(1), amounts transferred by the State for use under this part shall be used for rape prevention and education programs conducted by rape crisis centers and private nonprofit nongovernmental State and tribal sexual assault coalitions for--

        ‘(A) educational seminars;

        ‘(B) the operation of hotlines;

        ‘(C) training programs for professionals;

        ‘(D) the preparation of informational material; and

        ‘(E) other efforts to increase awareness of the facts about, or to help prevent, sexual assault, including efforts to increase awareness in underserved populations (as defined in section 2003(7) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(7)).

      ‘(2) TERMS-

        ‘(A) POPULATIONS- The Secretary shall make grants under subsection (a) to each State on the basis of the population of the State.

        ‘(B) RAPE PREVENTION AND EDUCATION PROGRAMS- No State may use funds made available by reason of paragraph (1) in any fiscal year for administration of any prevention program other than the rape prevention and education program for which grants are made under paragraph (1).

        ‘(C) AVAILABILITY- Any amount paid to a State for a fiscal year and remaining unobligated at the end of such year shall remain available for the next fiscal year to such State for the purposes for which it was made.

        ‘(D) ADMINISTRATIVE AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE- The Secretary shall use not more than 5 percent of the funds available under paragraph (1) for the purposes of administrative and technical assistance.

        ‘(E) TARGETING OF EDUCATION PROGRAMS- States receiving grant moneys under paragraph (1) shall ensure that at least 25 percent of the moneys are devoted to educational programs targeted for middle school, junior high, and high school aged students. The programs targeted under this subsection shall be conducted by rape crisis centers and State and tribal sexual assault coalitions.

    ‘(b) NATIONAL RESOURCE CENTER-

      ‘(1) ESTABLISHMENT- At such time as appropriations under subsection (c) reach at least $80,000,000, the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall, through the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, establish a National Resource Center on Sexual Assault to provide resource information, policy, training, and technical assistance to Federal, State, and Indian tribal agencies, as well as to State and tribal sexual assault coalitions and local sexual assault programs and to other professionals and interested parties on issues relating to sexual assault. The Resource Center shall maintain a central resource library in order to collect, prepare, analyze, and disseminate information and statistics and analyses thereof relating to the incidence and prevention of sexual assault.

      ‘(2) ELIGIBLE ORGANIZATIONS- The Secretary shall award a grant under paragraph (1) to a private nonprofit organization which can--

        ‘(A) demonstrate that it has recognized expertise in the area of sexual assault and a record of high-quality services to victims of sexual assault, including a demonstration of support from advocacy groups, such as State and tribal sexual assault coalitions or recognized national sexual assault groups; and

        ‘(B) demonstrate a commitment to diversity and to the provision of services to underserved populations as defined in section 2003(7) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Street Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(7)).

    ‘(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--

        ‘(A) $80,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;

        ‘(B) $105,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;

        ‘(C) $105,000,000 for fiscal year 2003;

        ‘(D) $155,000,000 for fiscal year 2004; and

        ‘(E) $155,000,000 for fiscal year 2005.

      Funds authorized to be appropriated under this section are appropriated from the Violent Crime Reduction Fund pursuant to section 310001(c) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14211(c)) and paragraph (16) under the definition of prevention program in section 310004(d) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 14214(d)).

      ‘(2) SEXUAL ASSAULT COALITIONS- At such time as appropriations under subsection (c) reach at least $80,000,000, the Secretary shall designate 15 percent of the total amount appropriated to be used for making grants to nonprofit, nongovernmental State sexual assault coalitions to address public health issues associated with sexual assault through training, resource development, or similar research.

      ‘(3) INDIAN COUNTRY- At such time as the appropriations under subsection (c) reach at least $80,000,000, there shall be awarded by the Secretary not less than 5 percent of such amounts for the funding of tribal sexual assault coalitions. To be eligible for a grant under this paragraph, an entity shall be a private nonprofit coalition whose membership includes representatives from a majority of the programs for adult and child victims of sexual assault operating within the boundaries of such Indian country and programs whose primary purpose is serving the population of an Indian reservation, and whose board membership is representative of such programs. Such coalitions shall further the purposes of sexual assault intervention and prevention through activities including--

        ‘(A) training and technical assistance for local Indian sexual assault programs and providers of direct services to encourage appropriate responses to sexual assault in Indian country;

        ‘(B) planning and conducting needs assessments and planning for comprehensive services in Indian country;

        ‘(C) serving as an information clearinghouse and resource center for any Indian reservation represented by the coalition receiving these funds;

        ‘(D) collaborating with Indian, State, and Federal systems which affect adult and child victims of sexual assault in Indian country, including judicial, law enforcement, and child protective services agencies, to encourage appropriate responses to sexual assault cases;

        ‘(E) conducting public education and outreach activities addressing sexual assault in Indian country;

        ‘(F) collaborating with sexual assault coalitions in the areas described above; and

        ‘(G) participating in planning and monitoring of the distribution of grants and grant funds to Indian reservation and tribal organizations under this section.

      ‘(4) SUBSECTION (b) ALLOTMENT- Of the amount appropriated for any fiscal year under this section, at least $1,000,000 shall be made available for grants under subsection (b), with yearly increases of at least 10 percent of the prior year’s allotment.

    ‘(d) LIMITATIONS-

      ‘(1) A State may use funds under subsection (a) only so as to supplement and, to the extent practicable, increase the level of funds that would be available from non-Federal sources for the activities described in subsection (a), and in no case may such funds be used to supplant funds from other sources.

      ‘(2) A State may not use more than 2 percent of the funds received in each fiscal year under this section for surveillance studies or prevalence studies and funds for such studies shall be available only at such time as appropriations under subsection (c) reach at least $80,000,000.

      ‘(3) A State may not use more than 5 percent of funds received in each fiscal year under subsection (a) for administrative expenses.

    ‘(e) DEFINITIONS-

      ‘(1) INDIAN COUNTRY- The term ‘Indian Country’ has the same meaning as is given such term by section 1151 of title 18, United States Code.

      ‘(2) RAPE PREVENTION AND EDUCATION- For purposes of this section, the term ‘rape prevention and education’ includes education and prevention efforts directed at sexual offenses committed by offenders who are not known to the victim as well as offenders who are known to the victim.

      ‘(3) SEXUAL ASSAULT- The term ‘sexual assault’ means any conduct proscribed by chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, whether or not the conduct occurs in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States or in a Federal prison and includes both assaults committed by offenders who are strangers to the victim and assaults committed by offenders who are known to the victim or related by blood or marriage to the victim.

      ‘(4) RAPE CRISIS CENTER- The term ‘rape crisis center’ means a private, nonprofit, nongovernmental organization that is organized, or has as one of its primary purposes, to provide services for victims of sexual assault and has a record of commitment and demonstrated experience in providing services to victims of sexual assault.

      ‘(5) SEXUAL ASSAULT PROGRAM- The term ‘sexual assault program’ means a private, nonprofit, nongovernmental organization that is organized, or has as one of its primary purposes, to provide services for victims of sexual assault and has a record of commitment and demonstrated experience in providing services to victims of sexual assault.

      ‘(6) SEXUAL ASSAULT COALITION- The term ‘sexual assault coalition’ means a coalition that coordinates State victim service activities, and collaborates and coordinates with Federal, State, and local entities to further the purposes of sexual assault intervention and prevention.’.

SEC. 202. RAPE PREVENTION EDUCATION.

    (a) REPEAL- The section added by section 40151 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 is repealed.

    (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The repeal made by subsection (a) of this section shall take effect the day after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 203. SEXUAL ASSAULT AND INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE; DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS.

    (a) DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS- Section 393 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 280b-1a) is amended--

      (1) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c); and

      (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following subsection:

    ‘(b)(1) With respect to all victims of sexual assault and interpersonal violence who present at hospital emergency rooms and other sites offering services to such victims, demonstration projects under subsection (a)(6) shall include projects in which, on a 24-hour basis, nurses and other health care professionals at such rooms and sites who are trained in accordance with protocols under paragraph (2)--

      ‘(A) identify victims of such violence;

      ‘(B) collect physical evidence from the victims that may be of use in judicial proceedings regarding the violence; and

      ‘(C) provide information and appropriate referrals to rape crisis center programs and victim service providers, including referrals to health-related services and social services.

    ‘(2) In carrying out paragraph (1), the Secretary shall carry out a program to train nurses and other health care professionals to provide the services described in such paragraph. The program shall develop a protocol for such training.’.

    (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendment made by subsection (a) to section 393 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 280b-1a) shall apply to demonstration projects funded under subsection (a)(6) of such Act which are ongoing on the date of the enactment of this Act.

TITLE III--OTHER DOMESTIC VIOLENCE PROGRAMS

Subtitle A--Strengthening Services to Victims of Violence

SEC. 301. CIVIL LEGAL ASSISTANCE FOR VICTIMS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The purpose of this section is to enable the Attorney General to award grants to increase the availability of civil legal assistance necessary to provide effective aid to victims of domestic violence, dating violence, stalking, or sexual assault who are seeking relief in legal matters arising as a consequence of that abuse or violence, at minimal or no cost to the victims.

    (b) DEFINITIONS- In this section:

      (1) DOMESTIC VIOLENCE- The term ‘domestic violence’ has the meaning given the term in section 2003 of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2).

      (2) DATING VIOLENCE- The term ‘dating violence’ has the meaning given the term in section 2003 of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2).

      (3) CIVIL LEGAL ASSISTANCE FOR VICTIMS- The term ‘civil legal assistance’ includes legal assistance to victims of domestic violence, dating violence, stalking, and sexual assault in any administrative, civil, judicial, family, or immigration proceeding. No funds made available under this section may be used to provide financial assistance in support of any litigation described in paragraph (14) of section 504(a) of Public Law 104-134.

      (4) SEXUAL ASSAULT- The term ‘sexual assault’ has the meaning given the term in section 2003 of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2).

    (c) LEGAL ASSISTANCE FOR VICTIMS GRANTS- The Attorney General may award grants under this subsection to private nonprofit entities, Indian tribal governments, tribally recognized organizations, qualified Legal Services Corporation grantees, other voluntary legal services organizations, and publicly funded organizations not acting in a governmental capacity such as law schools, and which shall be used--

      (1) to implement, expand, and establish cooperative efforts and projects between domestic violence and sexual assault victim services organizations and legal assistance providers to provide legal assistance for victims of domestic violence, stalking, and sexual assault;

      (2) to implement, expand, and establish efforts and projects to provide legal assistance for victims of domestic violence, stalking, and sexual assault by organizations with a demonstrated history of providing direct legal or advocacy services on behalf of these victims; and

      (3) to provide training, technical assistance, and data collection to improve the capacity of grantees and other entities to offer legal assistance to victims of domestic violence, stalking, and sexual assault.

    (d) To be eligible for a grant under subsection (c), applicants shall certify in writing that--

      (1) any person providing civil legal assistance through a program funded under subsection (c) has completed or will complete training in connection with domestic violence or sexual assault and related legal issues;

      (2) any training program conducted in satisfaction of the requirement of paragraph (1) has been or will be developed with input from and in collaboration with a State, local, or tribal domestic violence or sexual assault program or coalition, as well as appropriate State and local law enforcement officials;

      (3) any person or organization providing civil legal assistance through a program funded under subsection (c) has informed and will continue to inform State, local, or tribal domestic violence or sexual assault programs and coalitions, as well as appropriate State and local law enforcement officials of their work; and

      (4) the grantee’s organizational policies do not require mediation or counseling involving offenders and victims physically together, in cases where sexual assault, domestic violence, or child sexual abuse is an issue.

    (e) EVALUATION- The Attorney General may evaluate the grants funded under this section through contracts or other arrangements with entities expert on domestic violence, stalking, and sexual assault, and on evaluation research.

    (f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund established under section 310001 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14211) to carry out this section--

        (A) $35,250,000 for fiscal year 2001;

        (B) $40,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;

        (C) $45,000,000 for fiscal year 2003;

        (D) $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2004; and

        (E) $55,000,000 for fiscal year 2005;

      (2) ALLOCATION OF FUNDS-

        (A) TRIBAL PROGRAMS- Of the amount made available under this subsection in each fiscal year, not less than 5 percent shall be used for grants for programs that assist victims of domestic violence, stalking, and sexual assault on lands within the jurisdiction of an Indian tribe.

        (B) VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT- Not less than 25 percent of the funds used for direct services, training, and technical assistance shall be used to support projects focused solely or primarily on civil legal assistance for victims of sexual assault.

      (3) NONSUPPLANTATION- Amounts made available under this section shall be used to supplement and not supplant other Federal, State, and local funds expended to further the purpose of this section.

Subtitle B--Limiting the Effects of Violence on Children

SEC. 305 . SAFE HAVENS FOR CHILDREN PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General may award grants to States, units of local government, and Indian tribal governments that propose to enter into or expand the scope of existing contracts and cooperative agreements with public or private nonprofit entities to provide supervised visitation and safe visitation exchange of children by and between parents in cases of domestic violence, child abuse, or sexual assault.

    (b) CONSIDERATIONS- In awarding grants under subsection (a), the Attorney General shall take into account--

      (1) the number of families to be served by the proposed visitation programs and services;

      (2) the extent to which the proposed supervised visitation programs and services serve underserved populations (as defined in section 2003 of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2));

      (3) with respect to an applicant for a contract or cooperative agreement, the extent to which the applicant demonstrates cooperation and collaboration with nonprofit, nongovernmental entities in the local community served, including the State domestic violence coalition, State sexual assault coalition, local shelters, and programs for domestic violence and sexual assault victims; and

      (4) the extent to which the applicant demonstrates coordination and collaboration with State and local court systems, including mechanisms for communication and referral.

    (c) APPLICANT REQUIREMENTS- The Attorney General shall award grants for contracts and cooperative agreements to applicants that--

      (1) demonstrate expertise in the area of family violence, including the areas of domestic violence or sexual assault, as appropriate;

      (2) ensure that any fees charged to individuals for use of programs and services are based on the income of those individuals, unless otherwise provided by court order;

      (3) demonstrate that adequate security measures, including adequate facilities, procedures, and personnel capable of preventing violence, are in place for the operation of supervised visitation programs and services or safe visitation exchange; and

      (4) prescribe standards by which the supervised visitation or safe visitation exchange will occur.

    (d) REPORTING-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 1 year after the last day of the first fiscal year commencing on or after the date of the enactment of this Act, and not later than 180 days after the last day of each fiscal year thereafter, the Attorney General shall submit to Congress a report that includes information concerning--

        (A) the number of--

          (i) individuals served and the number of individuals turned away from visitation programs and services and safe visitation exchange (categorized by State);

          (ii) the number of individuals from underserved populations served and turned away from services; and

          (iii) the type of problems that underlie the need for supervised visitation or safe visitation exchange, such as domestic violence, child abuse, sexual assault, other physical abuse, or a combination of such factors;

        (B) the numbers of supervised visitations or safe visitation exchanges ordered under this section during custody determinations under a separation or divorce decree or protection order, through child protection services or other social services agencies, or by any other order of a civil, criminal, juvenile, or family court;

        (C) the process by which children or abused partners are protected during visitations, temporary custody transfers, and other activities for which supervised visitation is established under this section;

        (D) safety and security problems occurring during the reporting period during supervised visitation under this section, including the number of parental abduction cases; and

        (E) the number of parental abduction cases in a judicial district using supervised visitation programs and services under this section, both as identified in criminal prosecution and custody violations.

      (2) GUIDELINES- The Attorney General shall establish guidelines for the collection and reporting of data under this subsection.

    (e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund established under section 310001 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14211) to carry out this section $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2001 and 2002.

    (f) ALLOTMENT FOR INDIAN TRIBES- Not less than 5 percent of the total amount made available for each fiscal year to carry out this section shall be available for grants to Indian tribal governments.

Subtitle C--Protections Against Violence and Abuse for Women with Disabilities

SEC. 310. FINDINGS.

    The Congress finds that--

      (1) women with disabilities are more likely to be the victims of abuse and violence than women without disabilities because of their increased physical, economic, social, or psychological dependence on others;

      (2) in domestic violence cases, women with disabilities stay with their batterers almost twice as long as women without disabilities;

      (3) violence and abuse against women with disabilities takes many forms, including verbal abuse, physical abuse, sexual assault, forced isolation, control over economic resources, and the withholding of equipment, medication, transportation, or personal care assistance;

      (4) many women with disabilities fail to report abuse because they are dependent on their abusers and fear being abandoned or institutionalized;

      (5) many women with disabilities are unable to leave abusive or violent spouses or cohabitants because of the inaccessibility of services or the fear of abandoning dependent children; and

      (6) law enforcement, the criminal justice system, legal services, and victim services are often not equipped or trained to effectively identify and respond to abuse or violence against women with disabilities.

SEC. 311. OMNIBUS CRIME CONTROL AND SAFE STREETS ACT OF 1968.

    Section 2001(b)(5) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg(b)), as amended by section 141(a)(1), is amended by inserting before the semicolon at the end the following: ‘and forms of violence and abuse particularly suffered by women with disabilities’.

SEC. 312. VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT.

    Section 40412 of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13992) is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (6), by inserting ‘, stereotyping of persons with disabilities who are victims of rape, sexual assault, abuse, or violence’ after ‘racial stereotyping of rape victims’;

      (2) in paragraph (13), by inserting ‘or among persons with disabilities,’ after ‘socioeconomic groups,’; and

      (3) by inserting after paragraph (22) the following:

      ‘(23) issues related to violence and abuse against persons with disabilities, including the nature of physical, mental, and communications disabilities, the special vulnerability to violence of persons with disabilities, and the types of violence and abuse experienced by persons with disabilities;

      ‘(24) the requirements placed on courts and judges under existing disability laws, including the requirements to provide appropriate auxiliary aids and services and to ensure physical access; and

      ‘(25) the stereotypes regarding the fitness of persons with disabilities to retain custody of children, especially in domestic violence cases.’.

SEC. 313. GRANTS FOR TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General shall make grants to States, nongovernmental private entities, and tribal organizations to provide education and technical assistance for the purpose of providing training, consultation, and information on violence, abuse, and sexual assault against women who are individuals with disabilities (as defined in section 3 of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12102)).

    (b) PRIORITIES- In making grants under this section, the Attorney General shall give priority to applications designed to provide education and technical assistance on--

      (1) the nature, definition, and characteristics of violence, abuse, and sexual assault experienced by women who are individuals with disabilities;

      (2) outreach activities to ensure that women who are individuals with disabilities who are victims of violence, abuse, and sexual assault receive appropriate assistance;

      (3) the requirements of shelters and victim services organizations under Federal anti-discrimination laws, including the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973; and

      (4) cost-effective ways that shelters and victim services may accommodate the needs of individuals with disabilities in accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.

    (c) USES OF GRANTS- Each recipient of a grant under this section shall provide information and training to national, State, local, and tribal organizations and programs that provide services to individuals with disabilities, including independent living centers, disability-related service organizations, domestic violence programs providing shelter or related assistance, rape crisis centers, and programs providing sexual assault services, other victim services organizations, and women with disabilities.

    (d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated from the Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund established under section 310001 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14211) to carry out this section $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2001 through 2005.

Subtitle D--Standards, Practice, and Training for Sexual Assault Examinations

SEC. 315. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ‘Standards, Practice, and Training for Sexual Assault Forensic Examinations Act’.

SEC. 316. STANDARDS, PRACTICE, AND TRAINING FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT FORENSIC EXAMINATIONS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The Attorney General shall--

      (1) evaluate existing standards of training and practice for licensed health care professionals performing sexual assault forensic examinations and develop a national recommended standard for training;

      (2) recommend sexual assault forensic examination training for all health care students to improve the recognition of injuries suggestive of rape and sexual assault and baseline knowledge of appropriate referrals in victim treatment and evidence collection; and

      (3) review existing national, State, tribal, and local protocols on sexual assault forensic examinations, and based on this review, develop a recommended national protocol and establish a mechanism for its nationwide dissemination.

    (b) CONSULTATION- The Attorney General shall consult with national, State, tribal, and local experts in the area of rape and sexual assault, including rape crisis centers, State and tribal sexual assault and domestic violence coalitions and programs, and programs for criminal justice, forensic nursing, forensic science, emergency room medicine, law, social services, and sex crimes in underserved communities (as defined in section 2003(7) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(7) as amended by section 2(d)).

    (c) REPORT- The Attorney General shall ensure that no later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, a report of the actions taken pursuant to subsection (a) is submitted to Congress.

    (d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $200,000 for fiscal year 2001.

Subtitle E--Domestic Violence Task Force

SEC. 320. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE TASK FORCE

    The Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (108 Stat. 1902), as amended by section 107, is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘Subtitle I--Domestic Violence Task Force

‘SEC. 40901. TASK FORCE.

    ‘(a) ESTABLISH- The Attorney General, in consultation with national nonprofit, nongovernmental organizations whose primary expertise is in domestic violence, shall establish a task force to coordinate research on domestic violence and to report to Congress on any overlapping or duplication of efforts on domestic violence issues. The task force shall be comprised of representatives from all Federal agencies that fund such research.

    ‘(b) USES OF FUNDS- Funds appropriated under this section shall be used to--

      ‘(1) develop a coordinated strategy to strengthen research focused on domestic violence education, prevention, and intervention strategies;

      ‘(2) track and report all Federal research and expenditures on domestic violence; and

      ‘(3) identify gaps and duplication of efforts in domestic violence research and governmental expenditures on domestic violence issues.

    ‘(c) REPORT- The Task Force shall report to Congress annually on its work under subsection (b).

    ‘(d) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the term ‘domestic violence’ has the meaning given such term by section 2003 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(1).

    ‘(e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATION- There are authorized to be appropriated $500,000 for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2004 to carry out this section.’.

Passed the House of Representatives September 26, 2000.

Attest:

Clerk.