H.R. 1248 (106th): Violence Against Women Act of 2000

106th Congress, 1999–2000. Text as of Mar 24, 1999 (Introduced).

Status & Summary | PDF | Source: GPO

HR 1248 IH

106th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 1248

To prevent violence against women.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

March 24, 1999

Mrs. MORELLA (for herself, Mrs. JOHNSON of Connecticut, Mrs. KELLY, Mrs. MALONEY of New York, Ms. CARSON, Ms. EDDIE BERNICE JOHNSON of Texas, Mr. SHOWS, Mrs. MYRICK, Mr. SHAYS, Mrs. WILSON, Ms. MCKINNEY, Mr. MATSUI, Mr. MCNULTY, Mr. ETHERIDGE, Ms. BERKLEY, Ms. LOFGREN, Mrs. JONES of Ohio, Mr. BOUCHER, Mrs. BIGGERT, Ms. DEGETTE, Mr. INSLEE, Ms. DANNER, Mr. LEACH, Mr. RANGEL, Mrs. CUBIN, Mrs. FOWLER, Mr. GILMAN, Ms. NORTON, Mr. LANTOS, Mr. WAXMAN, and Ms. GRANGER) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and in addition to the Committees on Education and the Workforce, and Commerce, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned


A BILL

To prevent violence against women.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) SHORT TITLE- This Act may be cited as the ‘Violence Against Women Act of 1999’.

    (b) TABLE OF CONTENTS- The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

      Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

      Sec. 2. Definitions.

TITLE I--CONTINUING THE COMMITMENT OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT

Subtitle A--Law Enforcement and Prosecution Grants To Combat Violence Against Women

      Sec. 101. Reauthorization.

      Sec. 102. Technical amendments.

      Sec. 103. State coalition grants.

Subtitle B--National Domestic Violence Hotline

      Sec. 111. Reauthorization.

      Sec. 112. Technical amendments.

Subtitle C--Battered Women’s Shelters and Services

      Sec. 121. Short title.

      Sec. 122. Authorization of appropriations for family violence prevention and services.

      Sec. 123. FVPSA improvements.

Subtitle D--Community Initiatives

      Sec. 131. Grants for community initiatives.

Subtitle E--Education and Training for Judges and Court Personnel

      Sec. 141. Reauthorization.

Subtitle F--Grants To Encourage Arrest Policies

      Sec. 151. Definitions.

      Sec. 152. Reauthorization.

      Sec. 153. Technical amendment.

Subtitle G--Rural Domestic Violence and Child Abuse Enforcement

      Sec. 161. Reauthorization.

      Sec. 162. Technical amendments.

Subtitle H--National Stalker and Domestic Violence Reduction

      Sec. 171. Technical amendments.

      Sec. 172. Reauthorization.

Subtitle I--Federal Victims’ Counselors

      Sec. 181. Reauthorization.

Subtitle J--Education and Prevention Grants To Reduce Sexual Abuse of Runaway, Homeless, and Street Youth

      Sec. 191. Reauthorization.

      Sec. 192. Dissemination of information.

Subtitle K--Victims of Child Abuse Programs

      Sec. 193. Reauthorization of court-appointed special advocate program.

      Sec. 194. Reauthorization of child abuse training programs for judicial personnel and practitioners.

      Sec. 195. Reauthorization of grants for televised testimony.

      Sec. 196. Dissemination of information.

TITLE II--SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION

      Sec. 201. Transfer of rape prevention and education program.

      Sec. 202. Rape prevention education.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- For purposes of this Act--

      (1) DOMESTIC VIOLENCE- The term ‘domestic violence’ includes acts or threats of violence, not including acts of self-defense, committed by a current or former spouse of the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabiting with or has cohabited with the victim, by a person who is or has been in a continuing social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction, or by any other person against a victim who is protected from that person’s acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction.

      (2) INDIAN COUNTRY- The term ‘Indian country’ has the same meaning as is given such term by section 1151 of title 18, United States Code.

      (3) SEXUAL ASSAULT- The term ‘sexual assault’ means any conduct proscribed by chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, whether or not the conduct occurs in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States or in a Federal prison and includes both assaults committed by offenders who are strangers to the victim and assaults committed by offenders who are known to the victim or related by blood or marriage to the victim.

      (4) STALKING- The term ‘stalking’ means engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to fear death, sexual assault, or bodily injury to such person or a member of such person’s immediate family, when the person engaging in such conduct has knowledge or should have knowledge that the specific person will be placed in reasonable fear of death, sexual assault, or bodily injury to such person or a member of such person’s immediate family and when the conduct induces fear in the specific person of death, sexual assault, or bodily injury to such person or a member of such person’s immediate family.

    (b) UNDERSERVED POPULATIONS- Section 2003(7) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(7)) is amended to read as follows:

      ‘(7) the term ‘underserved populations’ includes populations underserved because of race, ethnicity, age, disability, sexual orientation, religion, alienage status, geographic location (including rural isolation), language barriers, and any other populations determined to be underserved by the State planning process; and’.

TITLE I--CONTINUING THE COMMITMENT OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT

Subtitle A--Law Enforcement and Prosecution Grants To Combat Violence Against Women

SEC. 101. REAUTHORIZATION.

    Section 1001(a)(18) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3793(a)(18)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of subparagraph (E);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (F) and inserting ‘; and’; and

      (3) by inserting after subparagraph (F) the following:

      ‘(G) $185,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;

      ‘(H) $185,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;

      ‘(I) $185,000,000 for fiscal year 2003; and

      ‘(J) $195,000,000 for fiscal year 2004.’.

SEC. 102. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Section 2002(c)(3) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-1(c)(3)) is amended to read as follows:

      ‘(3) up to 20 percent to be allocated to law enforcement, up to 20 percent to prosecution grants, at least 35 percent to victims’ services, and at least 10 percent to State court systems; and’.

    (b) Section 2002(e) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-1(e)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      ‘(3) REALLOTMENT OF FUNDS-

        ‘(A) If, at the end of the 9th month of any fiscal year for which funds are appropriated under section 1001(a)(18), the amounts made available are unspent or unobligated, such unspent or unobligated funds shall be reallotted to the current fiscal year recipients in the victim services area pursuant to section 2002(c)(3)) proportionate to their original allotment for the current fiscal year.

        ‘(B) For the first 2 fiscal years following the date of the enactment of the Violence Against Women Act of 1999, the Attorney General may waive the qualification requirements of section 2002(c), at the request of the State and with the support of law enforcement, prosecution, and victims’ services grantees currently funded under this section, if the reallocation of funds among law enforcement, prosecution, victims’ services and State court systems mandated by this Act adversely impacts victims of sexual assault, domestic violence, and stalking, due to the reduction of funds to programs and services funded under this section in the prior fiscal year.’.

    (c) Section 2001(b) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg(b)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of paragraph (6); and

      (2) by redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph (10) and by inserting after paragraph (6) the following new paragraphs:

      ‘(7) developing, enlarging, or strengthening State court programs, including training for State, local, and tribal judges and court personnel, addressing violent crimes against women, including sexual assault, domestic violence, and stalking;

      ‘(8) training of sexual assault forensic nurse examiners in the collection and preservation of evidence, analysis, prevention, and providing expert testimony and treatment of trauma related to sexual assault; and

      ‘(9) supporting the development of sexual assault response teams to strengthen the investigation of sexual assaults and coordinate services for victims of sexual assault.’.

    (d) Section 2002 of Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-1) is amended by redesignating subsections (e), (f), (g), and (h) as subsections (f), (g), (h), and (i), respectively, and by inserting after subsection (d) the following:

    ‘(e) MONITORING AND COMPLIANCE- The Attorney General shall deny applications--

      ‘(1) that do not meet the requirements set forth in subsections (c) and (d); and

      ‘(2) for failure to provide documentation, including memoranda of understanding, contract, or other document of any collaborative efforts with other agencies or organizations.’.

    (e) Section 2003(8) of Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(8)) is amended by striking ‘assisting domestic violence or sexual assault victims through the legal process’ and inserting ‘providing advocacy and assistance for victims seeking legal, social, and health care services’, and inserting before the period the following: ‘, except that such term shall not include programs or activities that are targeted primarily for offenders’.

    (f) Section 2002(b)(1) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-1(b)(1)) is amended by striking ‘4 percent’ and inserting ‘5 percent’.

    (g) Section 2005(b)(3) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-4(b)(3)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of subparagraph (C);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (D) and inserting ‘; and’; and

      (3) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following:

        ‘(E) the reimbursement is not contingent upon the victim’s report of the sexual assault to law enforcement or upon the victim’s cooperation in the prosecution of the sexual assault.’.

    (h) Section 2006(a)(1) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-5(a)(1)) is amended by inserting ‘civil or criminal’ before ‘protection order’.

SEC. 103. STATE COALITION GRANTS.

    Section 2001 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg) is amended by inserting after subsection (b) the following new subsection:

    ‘(c)(1) PURPOSE- The Attorney General shall make grants to each of the State domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions in the State for the purposes of coordinating State victim services activities, and collaborating and coordinating with Federal, State, and local entities engaged in violence against women activities. In no case will such awards preclude the State domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions from receiving grants under this part T to fulfill the purposes described in subsections (a) and (b).

    ‘(2) GRANTS TO COALITIONS- Five percent of the funds appropriated for a fiscal year under section 1001(a)(18) shall be made available for grants to domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions for the purposes described in paragraph (1).

    ‘(3) GEOGRAPHICAL ALLOTMENT-

      ‘(A) AMOUNT- The domestic violence and sexual assault coalition in each State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the combined United States Territories shall each receive an amount equal to 1/54 of the amount made available under paragraph (2). The combined United States Territories shall not receive less than 1.5 percent of the funds made available under paragraph (2) for each fiscal year and the tribal domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions shall not receive less than 1.5 percent of the funds made available under paragraph (2) for each fiscal year.

      ‘(B) DEFINITION- For the purposes of this section, the term ‘combined United States Territories’ means Guam, American Samoa, the United States Virgin Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.

      ‘(C) INDIANS- 1/54 of the amount appropriated shall be made available for development and operation of nonprofit nongovernmental tribal domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions in Indian country. The term ‘Indian country’ has the same meaning as is given such term by section 1151 of title 18, United States Code.

    ‘(4) DISBURSEMENT OF GEOGRAPHICAL ALLOTMENTS- Fifty percent of the 1/54 allotted to each State, the District of Columbia, Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the combined United States Territories, and Indian country under paragraph (3) shall be made available to the domestic violence coalition as defined in the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10410 et seq.) and fifty percent shall be made available to the sexual assault coalition as defined under the Public Health Service Act; and

    ‘(5) COMPONENT ELIGIBILITY- In the case of combined domestic violence and sexual assault coalitions, each component shall be deemed eligible for the awards for sexual assault and domestic violence activities, respectively.’.

Subtitle B--National Domestic Violence Hotline

SEC. 111. REAUTHORIZATION.

    Section 316(f)(1) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10416(f)(1)) is amended to read as follows:

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the purposes of this section--

        ‘(A) $1,600,000 for fiscal year 2000;

        ‘(B) $1,800,000 for fiscal year 2001;

        ‘(C) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;

        ‘(D) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2003; and

        ‘(E) $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2004.’.

SEC. 112. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

    Section 316 of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10416) is amended by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g) and by inserting after subsection (e) the following:

    ‘(f) Within 90 days after the date of the enactment of the Violence Against Women Act of 1999, all entities receiving funds pursuant to activities under subsection (a) shall prepare and submit a report to the Secretary that evaluates the effectiveness of the use of amounts received under such grants by such grantee and containing such other information as the Secretary may prescribe. The Secretary shall publish any such reports and provide at least 90 days for notice and opportunity for public comment prior to awarding or renewing any such grants.’.

Subtitle C--Battered Women’s Shelters and Services

SEC. 121. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ‘Battered Women’s Shelters and Services Act’.

SEC. 122. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION AND SERVICES.

    Section 310(a) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10409(a)) is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this title--

      ‘(1) $120,000,000 for fiscal year 2000;

      ‘(2) $160,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;

      ‘(3) $200,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;

      ‘(4) $260,000,000 for fiscal year 2003; and

      ‘(5) $260,000,000 for fiscal year 2004.’.

SEC. 123. FVPSA IMPROVEMENTS.

    (a) Section 304(a) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10403(a)) is amended--

      (1) by inserting after ‘grant authorized under section 303(a)’ the following: ‘$500,000, with the remaining funds to be allotted to each State in’;

      (2) by striking paragraph (1), by striking the dash preceding paragraph (1), by striking ‘(2)’, and by running in the text of paragraph (2) after ‘except that’;

      (3) by striking the last sentence.

    (b) Section 304(d) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10403(d)) is amended--

      (1) by inserting after ‘to such State in grants under section 303(a)’ the following: ‘or Indian tribe or tribal organization under section 303(b)’;

      (2) by inserting after ‘failure of such State’ the following: ‘or Indian tribe or tribal organization, or other entity’;

      (3) by inserting after ‘such amount to States’ the following: ‘and Indian tribes and tribal organizations’;

      (4) by inserting after ‘which meet such requirements’ the following: ‘proportionate to the original allocation made under subsection (a) or (b) of section 303, respectively’; and

      (5) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3) and adding after paragraph (1) the following:

    ‘(2) If, at the end of the sixth month of any fiscal year for which sums are appropriated under section 310, the amount allotted to an entity has not been made available to such entity in grants under sections 308 and 311 because of the failure of such entity to meet the requirements for a grant or because the limitation on expenditure has been reached, then the Secretary shall reallot such amount to States and Indian tribes and tribal organizations that meet such requirements proportionate to the original allocation under subsection (a) or (b) of section 303, respectively.’

    (c) Section 308(a)(2) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10407(a)(2)) is amended by adding ‘on providing training and technical assistance’ after ‘focusing’, and by adding at the end the following: ‘The Secretary may award grants to nonprofit, nongovernmental organizations for technical assistance and training initiatives on the subjects identified in subsection (c) if such initiatives do not duplicate the work of the entities funded under subsection (c) and the total amounts awarded for such initiatives do not exceed $500,000.’

    (d) Section 308(c) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10407(c)) is amended by adding ‘on emerging issues in domestic violence service, prevention, or law and’ after ‘service providers, and’, by striking ‘domestic violence service, prevention, or law’ after ‘following areas’, and by adding after paragraph (7) the following:

      ‘(8) Providing technical assistance and training to local domestic violence programs that provide shelter or related assistance.

      ‘(9) Improving access to services, information, and training within Indian tribes and tribal organizations.

      ‘(10) Responding to emerging issues in the field of domestic violence that the Secretary may identify in consultation with advocates representing local programs providing shelter or related assistance, State domestic violence coalitions, and national domestic violence organizations.

      ‘(11) Nothing in this section shall prohibit the Secretary from making multiple grants to any nonprofit, nongovernmental entity to fulfill the purposes of this section.’.

    (e) Section 309(1)(B) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10408(1)(B)) is amended by inserting ‘, with whom such person is or has been in a continuing social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature,’ before ‘or with whom’.

    (f) Section 309 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 10408) is amended by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(7) The term ‘Indian country’ has the same meaning as is given such term by section 1151 of title 18, United States Code.’.

    (g) Section 310(c) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10409(c)) is amended by adding after ‘for each fiscal year,’ the following: ‘the lesser of $7,500,000 or’.

    (h) Section 310(d) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10409(d)) is amended by striking ‘not less than’ and inserting ‘the lesser of $22,000,000 or’ and by adding at the end the following: ‘At such time as the appropriation under this subsection exceeds $11,000,000, the Secretary shall designate that of the amounts appropriated under this subsection up to 20 percent of such funds shall be made available in the amounts necessary to State domestic violence coalitions for the specific purpose of providing technical assistance and training and direct assistance in the following areas or other priorities that may be determined by the Secretary in consultation with State domestic violence coalitions and programs that provide shelter or related assistance:

      ‘(1) MODEL LEADERSHIP GRANTS FOR DOMESTIC VIOLENCE INTERVENTION IN UNDERSERVED COMMUNITIES- The Secretary shall award grants of up to 3 years to not more than 10 State and tribal domestic violence coalitions and not more than 10 local domestic violence programs providing shelter or related assistance to develop model strategies to address domestic violence in underserved populations as defined in section 2003(7) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(7)). Such grants shall be made to assess the needs of underserved populations in the State or Indian country; build collaborative relationships with community-based organizations serving underserved populations; and develop and implement model community intervention strategies to decrease the incidence of domestic violence in underserved populations.

        ‘(A) ELIGIBILITY- To be eligible for a 1-year model leadership grant under this paragraph, an applicant shall demonstrate--

          ‘(i) a plan for assessing the needs of underserved populations and identifying a specific population for development of an intervention strategy in the year of the grant; and

          ‘(ii) inclusion of representatives from community-based organizations in underserved communities in planning, designing, and disseminating the needs assessment instruments.

        ‘(B) ELIGIBILITY FOR CONTINUED FUNDING- To be eligible for continued funding of up to 2 additional years, an applicant shall provide--

          ‘(i) a plan for implementing the model strategies which includes collaborative partnerships with community-based organizations within the underserved populations identified; and

          ‘(ii) a plan for disseminating the model strategy throughout the State or Indian country, or to other States during year 3 of the grant.

        ‘(C) PRIORITY FOR COLLABORATIVE FUNDING- In awarding grants under this section, the Secretary shall give preference to State and tribal domestic violence coalitions and local domestic violence shelters and programs that submit applications in collaboration with community-based organizations serving underserved populations. A grant may not be made under this subsection in an amount less than $100,000 for each fiscal year.

      ‘(2) DIRECT EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE TO VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall award grants to each State and tribal domestic violence coalition for the purpose of administering an emergency assistance fund for victims of domestic violence. Funds received under this paragraph may be used only to provide emergency assistance directly to victims of domestic violence who are in the process of fleeing an abusive situation. Emergency assistance shall include transportation, housing, and other expenses associated with relocation. Funds shall be requested by domestic violence shelters and programs on behalf of victims.

        ‘(B) APPLICATION- Prior to receipt of emergency assistance funds under this paragraph, the State or tribal domestic violence coalition shall provide to the Secretary--

          ‘(i) a detailed description of the process for receiving and reviewing applications for emergency assistance;

          ‘(ii) a detailed description of the process for notifying domestic violence shelters and programs about the availability of emergency assistance funds;

          ‘(iii) an application form that includes the type of assistance requested, a statement of need for the funds, a statement about the impact of the funds on the victim’s ability to escape domestic violence,

and other such information that would be helpful in disbursing emergency assistance funds;

          ‘(iv) the process used to make payments to recipients; and

          ‘(v) a statement of procedures used to protect the confidentiality of recipients.

        ‘(C) REPORTING- The State or tribal domestic violence coalition shall file an annual report to the Secretary describing the distribution of funds to victims of domestic violence by type and amount of assistance provided. For reasons of safety and confidentiality, such report shall not contain individually identifying information.

      ‘(3) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND TRAINING FOR STATE, LOCAL, AND TRIBAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE PROGRAMS-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall award grants to a State or tribal domestic violence coalition or coalitions for the purpose of providing training and technical assistance for State and tribal domestic violence coalitions and other nonprofit, nongovernmental State, local, and tribal domestic violence programs. Funds received under this section shall be used to conduct regional training and technical assistance initiatives to be developed and implemented by a nonprofit, nongovernmental State or tribal domestic violence coalition or coalitions within each of the regions administered by the Department of Health and Human Services. Funds shall be used to prioritize, plan, and implement solutions to regional problems experienced by domestic violence coalitions and programs providing shelter or related assistance within the region.

        ‘(B) ELIGIBILITY- To be eligible for funding under this paragraph the grantee shall have the support of the majority of State and tribal domestic violence coalitions within the region and shall have its principal place of operation within the region. Nothing in this section shall prohibit domestic violence programs within Indian tribes from receiving technical assistance and training under this grant program. Grantees shall be encouraged to work in collaboration with domestic violence advocates and organizations outside of the region and with the national resource center and special issue resource centers established in this Act to provide expertise in delivering training and technical assistance within the region.

        ‘(C) REPORTING- The grantee State or tribal domestic violence coalition or coalitions shall file an annual report to the Secretary describing the recipients and the type of technical assistance and training received.’.

    (i) Section 308(e) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10407(e)) is amended by adding at the end the following: ‘Within 90 days after the date of the enactment of the Violence Against Women Act of 1999, all entities receiving funds pursuant to activities under this section shall prepare and submit a report to the Secretary that evaluates the effectiveness of the use of amounts received under such grants by such grantee and containing such other information as the Secretary may prescribe. The Secretary shall publish any such reports and provide at least 90 days for notice and opportunity for public comment prior to awarding or renewing any such grants.’.

    (j) Section 307(a) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10402(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(3) The Secretary shall deny any application that fails to provide documentation, including memoranda of understanding, of the specific involvement of the State or tribal domestic violence coalition and other knowledgeable individuals and interested organizations, in the development of the State or tribe’s application.’.

    (k) Section 303(b) of the Family Violence Prevention Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10402(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(4) From the amounts made available under paragraph (1), there shall be awarded by the Secretary not less than 5 percent of such amounts for the funding of tribal domestic violence coalitions. To be eligible for a grant under this paragraph, an entity shall be a private nonprofit coalition whose membership includes representatives from a majority of the programs for victims of domestic violence operating within the boundaries of an Indian reservation and programs whose primary purpose is serving the populations of such Indian country and whose board membership is representative of such programs. Such coalitions shall further the purposes of domestic violence intervention and prevention through activities including--

        ‘(A) training and technical assistance for local Indian domestic violence programs and providers of direct services to encourage appropriate responses to domestic violence in Indian country;

        ‘(B) planning and conducting needs assessments and planning for comprehensive services in Indian country;

        ‘(C) serving as an information clearinghouse and resource center for the Indian reservation represented by the coalition receiving these funds;

        ‘(D) collaborating with Indian, State, and Federal governmental systems which affect battered women in Indian country, including judicial and law enforcement and child protective services agencies, to encourage appropriate responses to domestic violence cases;

        ‘(E) conducting public education and outreach activities addressing domestic violence in Indian country;

        ‘(F) collaborating with State domestic violence coalitions in the areas described above; and

        ‘(G) participating in planning and monitoring of the distribution of grants and grant funds to the Indian reservation and tribal organizations under paragraph (1).’

Subtitle D--Community Initiatives

SEC. 131. GRANTS FOR COMMUNITY INITIATIVES.

    (a) Section 318(h) of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10418(h)) is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(h) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--

      ‘(1) $8,000,000 for fiscal year 2000;

      ‘(2) $9,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;

      ‘(3) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;

      ‘(4) $11,000,000 for fiscal year 2003; and

      ‘(5) $12,000,000 for fiscal year 2004.’.

    (b) Subsection (i) of section 318 of the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (42 U.S.C. 10418) is amended by inserting the text of the subsection as a cut-in paragraph (1) with the heading ‘IN GENERAL- ’ and by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(2) INFORMATION- The Secretary shall annually compile and broadly disseminate (including through electronic publication) information about the use of funds and about the projects funded under this section, including any evaluations of the projects and information to enable replication and adoption of the strategies identified in the projects. Such dissemination shall target other community-based programs, including domestic violence and sexual assault programs.’.

Subtitle E--Education and Training for Judges and Court Personnel

SEC. 141. REAUTHORIZATION.

    (a) GRANTS FOR EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR JUDGES AND COURT PERSONNEL IN STATE COURTS- (1) Section 40412 of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13992) is amended--

      (A) by striking ‘and’ at the end of paragraph (18);

      (B) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (19); and

      (C) by inserting after paragraph (19) the following:

      ‘(20) the issues raised by domestic violence in determining custody and visitation, including how to protect the safety of the child and of a parent who is not a predominant aggressor of domestic violence, the legitimate reasons parents may report domestic violence, the ways domestic violence may relate to an abuser’s desire to seek custody, and evaluating expert testimony in custody and visitation determinations involving domestic violence;

      ‘(21) the issues raised by child sexual assault in determining custody and visitation, including how to protect the safety of the child, the legitimate reasons parents may report child sexual assault, and evaluating expert testimony in custody and visitation determinations involving child sexual assault, including the current scientifically-accepted and empirically valid research on child sexual assault; and

      ‘(22) the extent to which addressing domestic violence and victim safety contributes to the efficient administration of justice.’.

    (2) Section 40414(a) of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13994(a)) is amended by inserting ‘and $1,500,000 for each of the fiscal years 2000 through 2004’ after ‘1996’.

    (b) GRANTS FOR EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR JUDGES AND COURT PERSONNEL IN FEDERAL COURTS- (1) Section 40421(d) of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14001(d)) is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(d) MODEL PROGRAMS- The Federal Judicial Center, in carrying out section 620(b)(3) of title 28, United States Code, shall include in the educational programs it prepares, including the training programs for newly appointed judges, information on the aspects of the topics listed in section 40412 that pertain to issues within the jurisdiction of the Federal courts, and shall prepare materials necessary to implement this subsection.’.

    (2) Section 40422(2) of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14002(2)) is amended by inserting ‘and $500,000 for each of the fiscal years 2000 through 2004’ after ‘1996’.

    (c) TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS TO THE EQUAL JUSTICE FOR WOMEN IN THE COURTS ACT OF 1994-

      (1) ENSURING COLLABORATION WITH DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND SEXUAL ASSAULT PROGRAMS- Section 40413 of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act (42 U.S.C. 13993) is amended by adding ‘including national, State, tribal, and local domestic violence and sexual assault programs and coalitions,’ after ‘victim advocates’.

      (2) PARTICIPATION OF TRIBAL COURTS IN STATE TRAINING AND EDUCATION PROGRAMS- Section 40411 of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act (42 U.S.C. 13991) is amended by adding at the end the following: ‘Nothing shall preclude the attendance of tribal judges and court personnel at programs funded under this section for States to

train judges and court personnel on the laws of the States.’

      (3) USE OF FUNDS FOR DISSEMINATION OF MODEL PROGRAMS- Section 40414 of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act (42 U.S.C. 13994) is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(c) The State Justice Institute may use up to 5 percent of the funds appropriated under this section for annually compiling and broadly disseminating (including through electronic publication) information about the use of funds and about the projects funded under this section, including any evaluations of the projects and information to enable the replication and adoption of the projects.’.

Subtitle F--Grants To Encourage Arrest Policies

SEC. 151. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 2105(1) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796hh-4(1)) is amended to read as follows:

      ‘(1) the term ‘domestic violence’ includes acts or threats of violence, not including acts of self-defense, committed by a current or former spouse of the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabiting with or has cohabited with the victim, by a person who is or has been in a continuing social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim, by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction, or by any other person against a victim who is protected from that person’s acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction.’.

SEC. 152. REAUTHORIZATION.

    Section 1001(a)(19) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3793(a)(19)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of subparagraph (B);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (C) and inserting a semicolon; and

      (3) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:

      ‘(D) $63,000,000 for fiscal year 2000;

      ‘(E) $67,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;

      ‘(F) $70,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;

      ‘(G) $70,000,000 for fiscal year 2003; and

      ‘(H) $70,000,000 for fiscal year 2004.’.

SEC. 153. TECHNICAL AMENDMENT.

    Section 2101 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796hh) is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(d) DISBURSEMENT- At least 5 percent of the funds appropriated under this section shall be used for grants to Indian tribal governments.’.

Subtitle G--Rural Domestic Violence and Child Abuse Enforcement

SEC. 161. REAUTHORIZATION.

    Section 40295(c)(1) of the Safe Homes for Women Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13971(c)(1)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of subparagraph (B);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (C) and inserting ‘; and’; and

      (3) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following:

        ‘(D) $35,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004.’.

SEC. 162. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

    Section 40295(c) of the Safe Homes for Women Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13971(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(3) DISBURSEMENT- At least 5 percent of the funds appropriated under paragraph (1) shall be used for grants to Indian tribal governments.’.

Subtitle H--National Stalker and Domestic Violence Reduction

SEC. 171. TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS.

    Section 40602(a) of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14031(a)) is amended by inserting ‘and implement’ after ‘improve’.

SEC. 172. REAUTHORIZATION.

    Section 40603 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14032) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of paragraph (2);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (3) and inserting ‘; and’; and

      (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:

      ‘(4) $3,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004.’.

Subtitle I--Federal Victims’ Counselors

SEC. 181. REAUTHORIZATION.

    The text of section 40114 of the Safe Streets for Women Act of 1994 is amended to read as follows: ‘There

are authorized to be appropriated for the United States Attorneys for the purpose of appointing Victim/Witness Counselors for the prosecution of domestic violence and sexual assault crimes where applicable (such as the District of Columbia) $1,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004.’.

Subtitle J--Education and Prevention Grants To Reduce Sexual Abuse of Runaway, Homeless, and Street Youth

SEC. 191. REAUTHORIZATION.

    Section 316(c) of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (42 U.S.C. 5712d(c)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of paragraph (2);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (3) and inserting a semicolon; and

      (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:

      ‘(4) $22,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004.’.

SEC. 192. DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION.

    Section 316 of part A of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (42 U.S.C. 5712d) is amended by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e) and by inserting after subsection (c) the following:

    ‘(d) The Secretary shall annually compile and broadly disseminate (including through electronic publication) information about the use of funds and about the projects funded under this subtitle, including any evaluations of the projects and information to enable replication and adoption of the strategies identified in the projects. Such dissemination shall target community-based programs, including domestic violence and sexual assault programs.’.

Subtitle K--Victims of Child Abuse Programs

SEC. 193. REAUTHORIZATION OF COURT-APPOINTED SPECIAL ADVOCATE PROGRAM.

    Section 218(a) of the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 13014(a)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of paragraph (4);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (5) and inserting a semicolon; and

      (3) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:

      ‘(6) $12,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004.’

SEC. 194. REAUTHORIZATION OF CHILD ABUSE TRAINING PROGRAMS FOR JUDICIAL PERSONNEL AND PRACTITIONERS.

    Section 224(a) of the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 13024(a)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of paragraph (4);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (5) and inserting a semicolon; and

      (3) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:

      ‘(6) $2,300,000 for each of the fiscal years 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004.’.

SEC. 195. REAUTHORIZATION OF GRANTS FOR TELEVISED TESTIMONY.

    Section 1001(a)(7) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3793(a)(7)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of subparagraph (D);

      (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (E) and inserting a semicolon; and

      (3) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following:

      ‘(F) $1,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004.’.

SEC. 196. DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION.

    Section 40156 of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 is amended by inserting at the end the following:

    ‘(d) The Attorney General shall annually compile and broadly disseminate (including through electronic publication) information about the use of funds and about the projects funded under this section, including any evaluations of the projects and information to enable replication and adoption of the strategies identified in the projects. Such dissemination shall target community-based programs, including domestic violence and sexual assault programs.’.

TITLE II--SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION

SEC. 201. TRANSFER OF RAPE PREVENTION AND EDUCATION PROGRAM.

    Part J of title III of the Public Health Service Act is amended by inserting after section 393A the following new section:

‘SEC. 393B. USE OF ALLOTMENTS FOR RAPE PREVENTION EDUCATION.

    ‘(a) GRANTS-

      ‘(1) PERMITTED USE- Notwithstanding section 1904(a)(1), amounts transferred by the State for use under this part shall be used for rape prevention and education programs conducted by rape crisis centers and private nonprofit nongovernmental State and tribal sexual assault coalitions for--

        ‘(A) educational seminars;

        ‘(B) the operation of hotlines;

        ‘(C) training programs for professionals;

        ‘(D) the preparation of informational material; and

        ‘(E) other efforts to increase awareness of the facts about, or to help prevent, sexual assault, including efforts to increase awareness in underserved communities (as defined in section 2003(7) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(7)).

      ‘(2) TERMS-

        ‘(A) POPULATIONS- The Secretary shall make grants under subsection (a) to each State on the basis of the population of the State.

        ‘(B) RAPE PREVENTION AND EDUCATION PROGRAMS- No State may use funds made available by reason of paragraph (1) in any fiscal year for administration of any prevention program other than the rape prevention and education program for which grants are made under paragraph (1).

        ‘(C) AVAILABILITY- Any amount paid to a State for a fiscal year and remaining unobligated at the end of such year shall remain available for the next fiscal year to such State for the purposes for which it was made.

        ‘(D) ADMINISTRATIVE AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE- The Secretary shall use not more than 5 percent of the funds available under paragraph (1) for the purposes of administrative and technical assistance.

        ‘(E) TARGETING OF EDUCATION PROGRAMS- States receiving grant moneys under paragraph (1) shall ensure that at least 25 percent of the moneys are devoted to educational programs targeted for middle school, junior high, and high school aged students. The programs targeted under this subsection shall be conducted by rape crisis centers and State and tribal sexual assault coalitions.

    ‘(b) NATIONAL RESOURCE CENTER-

      ‘(1) ESTABLISHMENT- At such time as appropriations under subsection (c) reach at least $80,000,000, the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall, through the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, establish a National Resource Center on Sexual Assault to provide resource information, policy, training, and technical assistance to Federal, State, and Indian tribal agencies, as well as to State and tribal sexual assault coalitions and local sexual assault programs and to other professionals and interested parties on issues relating to sexual assault. The Resource Center shall maintain a central resource library in order to collect, prepare, analyze, and disseminate information and statistics and analyses thereof relating to the incidence and prevention of sexual assault.

      ‘(2) ELIGIBLE ORGANIZATIONS- The Secretary shall award a grant under paragraph (1) to a private nonprofit organization which can--

        ‘(A) demonstrate that it has recognized expertise in the area of sexual assault, a record of high-quality services to victims of sexual assault, including a demonstration of support from advocacy groups, such as State and tribal sexual assault coalitions or recognized national sexual assault groups; and

        ‘(B) demonstrate a commitment to diversity and to the provision of services to underserved populations as defined in section 2003(7) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Street Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796gg-2(7)).

    ‘(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section--

        ‘(A) $80,000,000 for fiscal year 2000;

        ‘(B) $105,000,000 for fiscal year 2001;

        ‘(C) $105,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;

        ‘(D) $155,000,000 for fiscal year 2003; and

        ‘(E) $155,000,000 for fiscal year 2004.

      Funds authorized to be appropriated under this section are appropriated from the Violent Crime Reduction Fund pursuant to section 31001(c) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14211(c)) and paragraph (16) under the definition of ‘prevention program’ in section 31001(d) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 14214(d)).

      ‘(2) SEXUAL ASSAULT COALITIONS- At such time as appropriations under subsection (c) reach at least $80,000,000, the Secretary shall designate 15 percent of the total amount appropriated to be used for making grants to nonprofit, nongovernmental State sexual assault coalitions to address public health issues associated with sexual assault through training, resource development, or similar research.

      ‘(3) INDIAN COUNTRY- At such time as the appropriations under subsection (c) reach at least $80,000,000, there shall be awarded by the Secretary not less than 5 percent of such amounts for the funding of tribal sexual assault coalitions. To be eligible for a grant under this paragraph, an entity shall be a private nonprofit coalition whose membership includes representatives from a majority of the programs for adult and child victims of sexual assault operating within the boundaries of such Indian country and programs whose primary purpose is serving the population of an Indian reservation, and whose board membership is representative of such programs. Such coalitions shall further the purposes of sexual assault intervention and prevention through activities including--

        ‘(A) training and technical assistance for local Indian sexual assault programs and providers of direct services to encourage appropriate responses to sexual assault in Indian country;

        ‘(B) planning and conducting needs assessments and planning for comprehensive services in Indian country;

        ‘(C) serving as an information clearinghouse and resource center for any Indian reservation represented by the coalition receiving these funds;

        ‘(D) collaborating with Indian, State, and Federal systems which affect adult and child victims of sexual assault in Indian country, including judicial, law enforcement, and child protective services agencies, to encourage appropriate responses to sexual assault cases;

        ‘(E) conducting public education and outreach activities addressing sexual assault in Indian country;

        ‘(F) collaborating with sexual assault coalitions in the areas described above; and

        ‘(G) participating in planning and monitoring of the distribution of grants and grant funds to Indian reservation and tribal organizations under this section.

      ‘(4) SUBSECTION (b) ALLOTMENT- Of the amount appropriated for any fiscal year under this section, at least $1,000,000 shall be made available for grants under subsection (b), with yearly increases of at least 10 percent of the prior year’s allotment.

    ‘(d) LIMITATIONS-

      ‘(1) A State may use funds under subsection (a) only so as to supplement and, to the extent practicable, increase the level of funds that would be available from non-Federal sources for the activities described in subsection (a), and in no case may such funds be used to supplant funds from other sources.

      ‘(2) A State may not use more than 2 percent of the funds received in each fiscal year under this section for surveillance studies or prevalence studies and funds for such studies shall be available only at such time as appropriations under subsection (c) reach at least $80,000,000.

      ‘(3) A State may not use more than 5 percent of funds received in each fiscal year under subsection (a) for administrative expenses.

    ‘(e) DEFINITIONS-

      ‘(1) RAPE PREVENTION AND EDUCATION- For purposes of this section, the term ‘rape prevention and education’ includes education and prevention efforts directed at sexual offenses committed by offenders who are not known to the victim as well as offenders who are known to the victim.

      ‘(2) SEXUAL ASSAULT- The term ‘sexual assault’ means any conduct proscribed by chapter 109A of title 18, United States Code, whether or not the conduct occurs in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States or in a Federal prison and includes both assaults committed by offenders who are strangers to the victim and assaults committed by offenders who are known to the victim or related by blood or marriage to the victim.

      ‘(3) RAPE CRISIS CENTER- The term ‘rape crisis center’ means a private, nonprofit, nongovernmental organization that is organized, or has as one of its primary purposes, to provide services for victims of sexual assault and has a record of commitment and demonstrated experience in providing services to victims of sexual assault.

      ‘(4) SEXUAL ASSAULT PROGRAM- The term ‘sexual assault program’ means a private, nonprofit, nongovernmental organization that is organized, or has as one of its primary purposes, to provide services for victims of sexual assault and has a record of commitment and demonstrated experience in providing services to victims of sexual assault.

      ‘(5) STATE COALITION OF SEXUAL ASSAULT PROGRAMS- The term ‘State coalition of sexual assault programs’ means a statewide nonprofit, nongovernmental membership organization of a majority of sexual assault programs within the State that, among other activities, provides training and technical assistance to sexual assault programs within the State, commonwealth, territory, or lands under military, Federal, or tribal authority.’.

SEC. 202. RAPE PREVENTION EDUCATION.

    (a) REPEAL- Section 1910A of the Public Health and Human Services Act (42 U.S.C. 300w-10) is repealed.

    (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The repeal made by subsection (a) of this section shall take effect the day after the date of enactment of this Act.