H.R. 1867 (106th): Campaign Integrity Act of 1999

106th Congress, 1999–2000. Text as of Aug 05, 1999 (Reported by House Committee).

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HR 1867 RH

Union Calendar No. 174

106th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 1867

[Report No. 106-294]

To amend the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 to reform the financing of campaigns for elections for Federal office, and for other purposes.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

May 19, 1999

Mr. HUTCHINSON (for himself, Mr. HILL of Montana, Mr. HULSHOF, Mr. BRADY of Texas, Mr. MORAN of Kansas, Mr. PETRI, Mr. ENGLISH, Mr. BACHUS, and Mr. COOK) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on House Administration

August 5, 1999

Additional sponsors: Mrs. BONO, Mr. BLUMENAUER, and Mrs. Emerson

August 5, 1999

Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union and ordered to be printed


A BILL

To amend the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 to reform the financing of campaigns for elections for Federal office, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ‘Campaign Integrity Act of 1999’.

TITLE I--SOFT MONEY AND CONTRIBUTIONS AND EXPENDITURES OF POLITICAL PARTIES

SEC. 101. BAN ON SOFT MONEY OF NATIONAL POLITICAL PARTIES AND CANDIDATES.

    Title III of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 431 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

‘BAN ON USE OF SOFT MONEY BY NATIONAL POLITICAL PARTIES AND CANDIDATES

    ‘SEC. 323. (a) NATIONAL PARTIES- A national committee of a political party, including the national congressional campaign committees of a political party, and any officers or agents of such party committees, may not solicit, receive, or direct any contributions, donations, or transfers of funds, or spend any funds, which are not subject to the limitations, prohibitions, and reporting requirements of this Act. This subsection shall apply to any entity that is established, financed, maintained, or controlled (directly or indirectly) by, or acting on behalf of, a national committee of a political party, including the national congressional campaign committees of a political party, and any officers or agents of such party committees.

    ‘(b) CANDIDATES-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- No candidate for Federal office, individual holding Federal office, or any agent of such candidate or officeholder may solicit, receive, or direct--

        ‘(A) any funds in connection with any Federal election unless such funds are subject to the limitations, prohibitions and reporting requirements of this Act;

        ‘(B) any funds that are to be expended in connection with any election for other than a Federal office unless such funds are not in excess of the amounts permitted with respect to contributions to Federal candidates and political committees under section 315(a)(1) and (2), and are not from sources prohibited from making contributions by this Act with respect to elections for Federal office; or

        ‘(C) any funds on behalf of any person which are not subject to the limitations, prohibitions, and reporting requirements of this Act if such funds are for the purpose of financing any activity on behalf of a candidate for election for Federal office or any communication which refers to a clearly identified candidate for election for Federal office.

      ‘(2) EXCEPTION FOR CERTAIN ACTIVITIES- Paragraph (1) shall not apply to--

        ‘(A) the solicitation or receipt of funds by an individual who is a candidate for a non-Federal office if such activity is permitted under State law for such individual’s non-Federal campaign committee; or

        ‘(B) the attendance by an individual who holds Federal office or is a candidate for election for Federal office at a fundraising event for a State or local committee of a political party of the State which the individual represents or seeks to represent as a Federal officeholder, if the event is held in such State.

    ‘(c) PROHIBITING TRANSFERS OF NON-FEDERAL FUNDS BETWEEN STATE PARTIES- A State committee of a political party may not transfer any funds to a State committee of a political party of another State unless the funds are subject to the limitations, prohibitions, and reporting requirements of this Act.

    ‘(d) APPLICABILITY TO FUNDS FROM ALL SOURCES- This section shall apply with respect to funds of any individual, corporation, labor organization, or other person.’.

SEC. 102. INCREASE IN AGGREGATE ANNUAL LIMIT ON CONTRIBUTIONS BY INDIVIDUALS TO POLITICAL PARTIES.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The first sentence of section 315(a)(3) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a(a)(3)) is amended by striking ‘in any calendar year’ and inserting the following: ‘to political committees of political parties, or contributions aggregating more than $25,000 to any other persons, in any calendar year’.

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 315(a)(1)(B) of such Act (2 U.S.C. 441a(a)(1)(B)) is amended by striking ‘$20,000’ and inserting ‘$25,000’.

SEC. 103. REPEAL OF LIMITATIONS ON AMOUNT OF COORDINATED EXPENDITURES BY POLITICAL PARTIES.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 315(d) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a(d)) is amended by striking paragraphs (2) and (3).

    (b) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- Section 315(d)(1) of such Act (2 U.S.C. 441a(d)(1)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘(d)(1)’ and inserting ‘(d)’; and

      (2) by striking ‘, subject to the limitations contained in paragraphs (2) and (3) of this subsection’.

SEC. 104. INCREASE IN LIMIT ON CONTRIBUTIONS BY MULTICANDIDATE POLITICAL COMMITTEES TO NATIONAL POLITICAL PARTIES.

    Section 315(a)(2)(B) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a(a)(2)(B)) is amended by striking ‘$15,000’ and inserting ‘$20,000’.

TITLE II--INDEXING CONTRIBUTION LIMITS

SEC. 201. INDEXING CONTRIBUTION LIMITS.

    Section 315(c) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 441a(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ‘(3)(A) The amount of each limitation established under subsection (a) shall be adjusted as follows:

      ‘(i) For calendar year 2001, each such amount shall be equal to the amount described in such subsection, increased (in a compounded manner) by the percentage increase in the price index (as defined in subsection (c)(2)) for each of the years 1999 through 2000.

      ‘(ii) For calendar year 2005 and each fourth subsequent year, each such amount shall be equal to the amount for the fourth previous year (as adjusted under this subparagraph), increased (in a compounded manner) by the percentage increase in the price index for each of the four previous years.

    ‘(B) In the case of any amount adjusted under this subparagraph which is not a multiple of $100, the amount shall be rounded to the nearest multiple of $100.’.

TITLE III--EXPANDING DISCLOSURE OF CAMPAIGN FINANCE INFORMATION

SEC. 301. DISCLOSURE OF CERTAIN COMMUNICATIONS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Any person who expends an aggregate amount of funds during a calendar year in excess of $25,000 for communications described in subsection (b) relating to a single candidate for election for Federal office (or an aggregate amount of funds during a calendar year in excess of $100,000 for all such communications relating to all such candidates) shall file a report describing the amount expended for such communications, together with the person’s address and phone number (or, if appropriate, the address and phone number of the person’s principal officer).

    (b) COMMUNICATIONS DESCRIBED- A communication described in this subsection is any communication which is broadcast to the general public through radio or television and which mentions or includes (by name, representation, or likeness) any candidate for election for Senator or for Representative in (or Delegate or Resident Commissioner to) the Congress, other than any communication which would be described in clause (i), (iii), or (v) of section 301(9)(B) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 if the payment were an expenditure under such section.

    (c) DEADLINE FOR FILING- A person shall file a report required under subsection (a) not later than 7 days after the person first expends the applicable amount of funds described in such subsection, except that in the case of a person who first expends such an amount within 10 days of an election, the report shall be filed not later than 24 hours after the person first expends such amount. For purposes of the previous sentence, the term ‘election’ shall have the meaning given such term in section 301(1) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971.

    (d) PLACE OF SUBMISSION- Reports required under subsection (a) shall be submitted--

      (1) to the Clerk of the House of Representatives, in the case of a communication involving a candidate for election for Representative in (or Delegate or Resident Commissioner to) the Congress; and

      (2) to the Secretary of the Senate, in the case of a communication involving a candidate for election for Senator.

    (e) PENALTIES- Whoever knowingly fails to--

      (1) remedy a defective filing within 60 days after notice of such a defect by the Secretary of the Senate or the Clerk of the House of Representatives; or

      (2) comply with any other provision of this section,

    shall, upon proof of such knowing violation by a preponderance of the evidence, be subject to a civil fine of not more than $50,000, depending on the extent and gravity of the violation.

SEC. 302. REQUIRING MONTHLY FILING OF REPORTS.

    (a) PRINCIPAL CAMPAIGN COMMITTEES- Section 304(a)(2)(A)(iii) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 434(a)(2)(A)(iii)) is amended to read as follows:

        ‘(iii) monthly reports, which shall be filed no later than the 20th day after the last day of the month and shall be complete as of the last day of the month, except that, in lieu of filing the reports otherwise due in November and December of the year, a pre-general election report shall be filed in accordance with clause (i), a post-general election report shall be filed in accordance with clause (ii), and a year end report shall be filed no later than January 31 of the following calendar year.’.

    (b) OTHER POLITICAL COMMITTEES- Section 304(a)(4) of such Act (2 U.S.C. 434(a)(4)) is amended to read as follows:

    ‘(4)(A) In a calendar year in which a regularly scheduled general election is held, all political committees other than authorized committees of a candidate shall file--

      ‘(i) monthly reports, which shall be filed no later than the 20th day after the last day of the month and shall be complete as of the last day of the month, except that, in lieu of filing the reports otherwise due in November and December of the year, a pre-general election report shall be filed in accordance with clause (ii), a post-general election report shall be filed in accordance with clause (iii), and a year end report shall be filed no later than January 31 of the following calendar year;

      ‘(ii) a pre-election report, which shall be filed no later than the 12th day before (or posted by registered or certified mail no later than the 15th day

before) any election in which the committee makes a contribution to or expenditure on behalf of a candidate in such election, and which shall be complete as of the 20th day before the election; and

      ‘(iii) a post-general election report, which shall be filed no later than the 30th day after the general election and which shall be complete as of the 20th day after such general election.

    ‘(B) In any other calendar year, all political committees other than authorized committees of a candidate shall file a report covering the period beginning January 1 and ending June 30, which shall be filed no later than July 31 and a report covering the period beginning July 1 and ending December 31, which shall be filed no later than January 31 of the following calendar year.’.

    (c) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS- (1) Section 304(a) of such Act (2 U.S.C. 434(a)) is amended by striking paragraph (8).

    (2) Section 309(b) of such Act (2 U.S.C. 437g(b)) is amended by striking ‘for the calendar quarter’ and inserting ‘for the month’.

SEC. 303. MANDATORY ELECTRONIC FILING FOR CERTAIN REPORTS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 304(a)(11)(A) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 434(a)(11)(A)) is amended by striking the period at the end and inserting the following: ‘, except that the Commission shall require the reports to be filed and preserved by such means, format, or method, unless the aggregate amount of contributions or expenditures (as the case may be) reported by the committee in all reports filed with respect to the election involved (taking into account the period covered by the report) is less than $50,000.’.

    (b) PROVIDING STANDARDIZED SOFTWARE PACKAGE- Section 304(a)(11) of such Act (2 U.S.C. 434(a)(11)) is amended--

      (1) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (D); and

      (2) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following new subparagraph:

    ‘(C) The Commission shall make available without charge a standardized package of software to enable persons filing reports by electronic means to meet the requirements of this paragraph.’.

SEC. 304. WAIVER OF ‘BEST EFFORTS’ EXCEPTION FOR INFORMATION ON OCCUPATION OF INDIVIDUAL CONTRIBUTORS.

    Section 302(i) of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. 432(i)) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘(i) When the treasurer’ and inserting ‘(i)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), when the treasurer’; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ‘(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply with respect to information regarding the occupation or the name of the employer of any individual who makes a contribution or contributions aggregating more than $200 during a calendar year (as required to be provided under subsection (c)(3)).’.

TITLE IV--EFFECTIVE DATE

SEC. 401. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    This Act and the amendments made by this Act shall apply with respect to elections occurring after January 2001.

Union Calendar No. 174

106th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 1867

[Report No. 106-294]

A BILL

To amend the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 to reform the financing of campaigns for elections for Federal office, and for other purposes.


August 5, 1999

Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union and ordered to be printed