< Back to H.R. 2415 (106th Congress, 1999–2000)

Text of the Admiral James W. Nance Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2000 and 2001

This bill was pocket vetoed on December 19, 2000. The text of the bill below is as of Jul 1, 1999 (Introduced).

This is not the latest text of this bill.

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HR 2415 IH

106th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 2415

To enhance security of United States missions and personnel overseas, to authorize appropriations for the Department of State for fiscal year 2000, and for other purposes.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

July 1, 1999

Mr. SMITH of New Jersey (for himself and Ms. MCKINNEY) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on International Relations


A BILL

To enhance security of United States missions and personnel overseas, to authorize appropriations for the Department of State for fiscal year 2000, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ‘American Embassy Security Act of 1999’.

SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    The table of contents is as follows:

      Sec. 1. Short title.

      Sec. 2. Table of contents.

      Sec. 3. Definitions.

TITLE I--AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS

Chapter 1--Department of State

      Sec. 101. Administration of foreign affairs.

      Sec. 102. International organizations.

      Sec. 103. International commissions.

      Sec. 104. Migration and refugee assistance.

      Sec. 105. Public diplomacy programs.

      Sec. 106. Voluntary contributions to international organizations.

      Sec. 107. Grants to the Asia Foundation.

Chapter 2--Broadcasting Board of Governors

      Sec. 121. International broadcasting.

TITLE II--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AUTHORITIES AND ACTIVITIES

Chapter 1--Authorities and Activities

      Sec. 201. Authority to lease aircraft to respond to a terrorist attack abroad.

      Sec. 202. Report on Cuban drug trafficking.

      Sec. 203. Report on compliance with the Hague Convention on International Child Abduction.

      Sec. 204. Elimination of obsolete reports.

      Sec. 205. Continuation of reporting requirements.

      Sec. 206. International arms sales code of conduct.

      Sec. 207. Human rights and democracy fellowships.

      Sec. 208. Joint funds under agreements for cooperation in environmental, scientific, cultural, and related areas.

      Sec. 209. Report on international extradition.

      Sec. 210. Effective regulation of satellite export activities.

Chapter 2--Consular And Related Activities

      Sec. 251. Deaths and estates of United States citizens abroad.

      Sec. 252. Duties of consular officers.

      Sec. 253. Machine readable visas.

      Sec. 254. Processing of visa applications.

      Sec. 255. Repeal of outdated provision on passport fees.

      Sec. 256. Fees relating to affidavits of support.

Chapter 3--Refugees

      Sec. 271. United States policy regarding the involuntary return of refugees.

      Sec. 272. Human rights reports.

      Sec. 273. Guidelines for refugee processing posts.

      Sec. 274. Vietnamese refugees.

TITLE III--ORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE; PERSONNEL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND FOREIGN SERVICE

Chapter 1--Organization of the Department of State

      Sec. 301. Establishment of Bureau for International Information Programs and Bureau for Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs.

      Sec. 302. Correction of designation of Inspector General of the Department of State.

Chapter 2--Personnel of the Department of State

      Sec. 321. Establishment of Foreign Service Star.

      Sec. 322. United States citizens hired abroad.

      Sec. 323. Border equalization adjustment.

      Sec. 324. Treatment of grievance records.

      Sec. 325. Report concerning financial disadvantages for administrative and technical personnel.

      Sec. 326. Extension of overseas hiring authority.

      Sec. 327. Medical emergency assistance.

      Sec. 328. Families of deceased foreign service personnel.

      Sec. 329. Parental choice in education.

      Sec. 330. Workforce planning for foreign service personnel by federal agencies.

      Sec. 331. Compensation for survivors of terrorist attacks overseas.

TITLE IV--UNITED STATES INFORMATIONAL, EDUCATIONAL, AND CULTURAL PROGRAMS

      Sec. 401. Educational and cultural exchanges and scholarships for Tibetans and Burmese.

      Sec. 402. Conduct of certain educational and cultural exchange programs.

      Sec. 403. Notification to Congress of grants.

      Sec. 404. National security measures.

      Sec. 405. Designation of North/South Center as the Dante B. Fascell North-South Center.

      Sec. 406. Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.

      Sec. 407. International expositions.

      Sec. 408. Royal Ulster Constabulary.

TITLE V--INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

      Sec. 501. Permanent authorization for Radio Free Asia.

      Sec. 502. Preservation of RFE/RL (Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty).

      Sec. 503. Immunity from civil liability for Broadcasting Board of Governors.

TITLE VI--INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND COMMISSIONS

      Sec. 601. Interparliamentary groups.

      Sec. 602. Authority to assist State and local governments.

      Sec. 603. International Boundary and Water Commission.

      Sec. 604. Concerning United Nations General Assembly Resolution ES-10/6.

TITLE VII--GENERAL PROVISIONS

      Sec. 701. Sense of the Congress concerning support for democracy and human rights activists in Cuba.

      Sec. 702. Relating to Cyprus.

SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:

      (1) APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES- The term ‘appropriate congressional committees’ means the Committee on International Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate.

      (2) SECRETARY- The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of State.

TITLE I--AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS

CHAPTER 1--DEPARTMENT OF STATE

SEC. 101. ADMINISTRATION OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS.

    The following amounts are authorized to be appropriated for the Department of State under ‘Administration of Foreign Affairs’ to carry out the authorities, functions, duties, and responsibilities in the conduct of the foreign affairs of the United States and for other purposes authorized by law, including the diplomatic security program:

      (1) DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR PROGRAMS-

        (A) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For ‘Diplomatic and Consular Programs’ of the Department of State, such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000.

        (B) LIMITATIONS-

          (i) WORLDWIDE SECURITY UPGRADES- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated by subparagraph (A), $254,000,000 for fiscal year 2000 is authorized to be appropriated only for worldwide security upgrades.

          (ii) BUREAU OF DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS, AND LABOR- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated by subparagraph (A), $15,000,000 for fiscal year 2000 is authorized to be appropriated only for salaries and expenses of the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor.

          (iii) RECRUITMENT OF MINORITY GROUPS- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated by subparagraph (A), $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2000 is authorized to be appropriated only for the recruitment of members of minority groups for careers in the Foreign Service and international affairs.

      (2) CAPITAL INVESTMENT FUND- For ‘Capital Investment Fund’ of the Department of State, such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000.

      (3) SECURITY AND MAINTENANCE OF UNITED STATES MISSIONS-

        (A) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For ‘Security and Maintenance of United States Missions’, $1,580,066,000 for the fiscal year 2000.

        (B) SECURITY UPGRADES FOR UNITED STATES MISSIONS- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated by subparagraph (A), $1,146,000,000 for fiscal year 2000 is authorized to be appropriated only for security upgrades to United States missions abroad, including construction and relocation costs.

      (4) REPRESENTATION ALLOWANCES- For ‘Representation Allowances’, such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000.

      (5) EMERGENCIES IN THE DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR SERVICE- For ‘Emergencies in the Diplomatic and Consular Service’, such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000.

      (6) OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL- For ‘Office of the Inspector General’, such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000.

      (7) PAYMENT TO THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE IN TAIWAN- For ‘Payment to the American Institute in Taiwan’, such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000.

      (8) PROTECTION OF FOREIGN MISSIONS AND OFFICIALS-

        (A) For ‘Protection of Foreign Missions and Officials’, such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000.

        (B) Each amount appropriated pursuant to this paragraph is authorized to remain available through September 30 of the fiscal year following the fiscal year for which the amount appropriated was made.

      (9) REPATRIATION LOANS- For ‘Repatriation Loans’, such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000, for administrative expenses.

SEC. 102. INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.

    (a) ASSESSED CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated for ‘Contributions to International Organizations’, such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000 for the Department of State to carry out the authorities, functions, duties, and responsibilities in the conduct of the foreign affairs of the United States with respect to international organizations and to carry out other authorities in law consistent with such purposes.

    (b) ASSESSED CONTRIBUTIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING ACTIVITIES- There are authorized to be appropriated for ‘Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities’, such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000 for the Department of State to carry out the authorities, functions, duties, and responsibilities in the conduct of the foreign affairs of the United States with respect to international peacekeeping activities and to carry out other authorities in law consistent with such purposes.

SEC. 103. INTERNATIONAL COMMISSIONS.

    The following amounts are authorized to be appropriated under ‘International Commissions’ for the Department of State to carry out the authorities, functions, duties, and responsibilities in the conduct of the foreign affairs of the United States and for other purposes authorized by law:

      (1) INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND MEXICO- For ‘International Boundary and Water Commission, United States and Mexico’--

        (A) for ‘Salaries and Expenses’ such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000; and

        (B) for ‘Construction’ such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000.

      (2) INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND CANADA- For ‘International Boundary Commission, United States and Canada’, such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000.

      (3) INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMMISSION- For ‘International Joint Commission’, such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000.

      (4) INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES COMMISSIONS- For ‘International Fisheries Commissions’, such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000.

SEC. 104. MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE.

(a) MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE-

      (1) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated for ‘Migration and Refugee Assistance’ for authorized activities, $750,000,000 for the fiscal year 2000.

      (2) LIMITATIONS-

        (A) TIBETAN REFUGEES IN INDIA AND NEPAL- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated in paragraph (1), not more than $2,000,000 for the fiscal year 2000 is authorized to be available only for humanitarian assistance, including food, medicine, clothing, and medical and vocational training, to Tibetan refugees in India and Nepal who have fled Chinese-occupied Tibet.

        (B) REFUGEES RESETTLING IN ISRAEL- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated in paragraph (1), $60,000,000 for the fiscal year 2000 is authorized to be available only for assistance for refugees resettling in Israel from other countries.

        (C) HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE FOR DISPLACED BURMESE- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated in paragraph (1), $2,000,000 for the fiscal year 2000 for humanitarian assistance are authorized to be available only for assistance (including food, medicine, clothing, and medical and vocational training) to persons displaced as a result of civil conflict in Burma, including persons still within Burma.

        (D) ASSISTANCE FOR DISPLACED SIERRA LEONEANS- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated in paragraph (1), $2,000,000 for the fiscal year 2000 for humanitarian assistance are authorized to be available only for assistance (including food, medicine, clothing, and medical and vocational training) and resettlement of persons who have been severely mutilated as a result of civil conflict in Sierra Leone, including persons still within Sierra Leone.

        (E) ASSISTANCE FOR KOSOVAR REFUGEES-

          (i) Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated in paragraph (1), $50,000,000 for the fiscal year 2000 are authorized to be appropriated only for the Front Line States Initiative defined in clause (ii).

          (ii) For the purposes of this subparagraph, the term ‘Front Line States Initiative’ means assistance for the relief of refugees fleeing from the conflict in Kosovo provided through nongovernmental organizations in the form of food, housing, clothing, transportation, and other material, with priority assistance for the relief of refugees in the front line states of Albania and Macedonia.

(b) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- Funds appropriated pursuant to this section are authorized to remain available until expended.

SEC. 105. PUBLIC DIPLOMACY PROGRAMS.

    The following amounts are authorized to be appropriated for the Department of State to carry out international information activities and educational and cultural exchange programs under the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948, the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961, Reorganization Plan Number 2 of 1977, the Dante B. Fascell North-South Center Act of 1991, and the National Endowment for Democracy Act, and to carry out other authorities in law consistent with such purposes:

      (1) INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION PROGRAMS- For ‘International Information Programs’, such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000.

      (2) EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS-

        (A) FULBRIGHT ACADEMIC EXCHANGE PROGRAMS- There are authorized to be appropriated for the ‘Fulbright Academic Exchange Programs’ (other than programs described in subparagraph (B)), such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000.

        (B) OTHER EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS-

          (i) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated for other educational and cultural exchange programs authorized by law, including the Claude and Mildred Pepper Scholarship Program of the Washington Workshops Foundation and the Mike Mansfield Fellowship Program, such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000.

          (ii) SOUTH PACIFIC EXCHANGES- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated under clause (i), $750,000 for the fiscal year 2000 is authorized to be available for ‘South Pacific Exchanges’.

          (iii) EAST TIMORESE SCHOLARSHIPS- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated under clause (i), $500,000 for the fiscal year 2000 is authorized to be available for ‘East Timorese Scholarships’.

          (iv) TIBETAN EXCHANGES- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated under clause (i), $500,000 for the fiscal year 2000 is authorized to be available for ‘Ngawang Choephel Exchange Programs’ (formerly known as educational and cultural exchanges with Tibet) under section 103(a) of the Human Rights, Refugee, and Other Foreign Relations Provisions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-319).

          (v) AFRICAN EXCHANGES- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated under clause (i), $500,000 for the fiscal year 2000 is authorized to be available only for ‘Educational and Cultural Exchanges with Sub-Saharan Africa’.

      (3) CENTER FOR CULTURAL AND TECHNICAL INTERCHANGE BETWEEN EAST AND WEST- For the ‘Center for Cultural and Technical Interchange between East and West’, $17,500,000 for the fiscal year 2000.

      (4) NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR DEMOCRACY-

        (A) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the ‘National Endowment for Democracy’, $34,000,000 for the fiscal year 2000.

        (B) LIMITATION- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated by subparagraph (A), $2,000,000 for the fiscal year 2000 is authorized to be appropriated only for a fellowship program, to be known as the ‘Reagan-Fascell Democracy Fellows’, for democracy activists and scholars from around the world at the International Forum for Democratic Studies in Washington, D.C., to study, write, and exchange views with other activists and scholars and with Americans.

      (5) DANTE B. FASCELL NORTH-SOUTH CENTER- For ‘Dante B. Fascell North-South Center’ such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000.

SEC. 106. VOLUNTARY CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.

    (a) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated for ‘Voluntary Contributions to International Organizations’, such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000.

    (b) LIMITATIONS ON AUTHORIZATIONS OF APPROPRIATIONS-

      (1) WORLD FOOD PROGRAM- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated under subsection (a), $5,000,000 for the fiscal year 2000 is authorized to be appropriated only for a United States contribution to the World Food Program.

      (2) UNITED NATIONS VOLUNTARY FUND FOR VICTIMS OF TORTURE- Of the amount authorized to be appropriated under subsection (a), $5,000,000 for the fiscal year 2000 is authorized to be appropriated only for a United States contribution to the United Nations Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture.

      (3) INTERNATIONAL PROGRAM ON THE ELIMINATION OF CHILD LABOR- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated under subsection (a), $5,000,000 for the fiscal year 2000 is authorized to be appropriated only for a United States contribution to the International Labor Organization for the activities of the International Program on the Elimination of Child Labor.

      (4) ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated under subsection (a), $240,000 for the fiscal year 2000 is authorized to be appropriated only for a United States contribution to the Organization of American States for the Office of the Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression in the Western Hemisphere to conduct investigations, including field visits, to establish a network of nongovernmental organizations, and to hold hemispheric conferences, of which $6,000 for each fiscal year is authorized to be appropriated only for the investigation and dissemination of information on violations of freedom of expression by the Government of Cuba.

    (c) RESTRICTIONS ON UNITED STATES VOLUNTARY CONTRIBUTIONS TO UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM-

      (1) LIMITATION- Of the amounts made available under subsection (a) for the fiscal year 2000 for United States voluntary contributions to the United Nations Development Program an amount equal to the amount the United Nations Development Program will spend in Burma during each fiscal year shall be withheld unless during such fiscal year the Secretary of State submits to the appropriate congressional committees the certification described in paragraph (2).

      (2) CERTIFICATION- The certification referred to in paragraph (1) is a certification by the Secretary of State that all programs and activities of the United Nations Development Program (including United Nations Development Program--Administered Funds) in Burma--

        (A) are focused on eliminating human suffering and addressing the needs of the poor;

        (B) are undertaken only through international or private voluntary organizations that have been deemed independent of the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) (formerly known as the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC), after consultation with the leadership of the National League for Democracy and the leadership of the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma;

        (C) provide no financial, political, or military benefit to the SPDC; and

        (D) are carried out only after consultation with the leadership of the National League for Democracy and the leadership of the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma.

    (d) CONTRIBUTIONS TO UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND-

      (1) LIMITATIONS ON AMOUNT OF CONTRIBUTION- Of the amounts made available under subsection (a), not more than $25,000,000 for fiscal year 2000 shall be available for the United Nations Population Fund (hereinafter in this subsection referred to as the ‘UNFPA’).

      (2) PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS IN CHINA- None of the funds made available under subsection (a) may be made available for the UNFPA for a country program in the People’s Republic of China.

      (3) CONDITIONS ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- Amounts made available under subsection (a) for fiscal year 2000 for the UNFPA may not be made available to UNFPA unless--

        (A) the UNFPA maintains amounts made available to the UNFPA under this section in an account separate from other accounts of the UNFPA;

        (B) the UNFPA does not commingle amounts made available to the UNFPA under this section with other sums; and

        (C) the UNFPA does not fund abortions.

      (4) WITHHOLDING OF FUNDS SUBJECT TO CERTIFICATION-

        (A) Of the amounts made available for fiscal year 2000 for United States voluntary contributions to the UNFPA an amount equal to the amount that UNFPA will spend on a country program in the People’s Republic of China during each fiscal year shall be withheld unless during such fiscal year, the Secretary of State submits to the appropriate congressional committees the certification described in subparagraph (B).

        (B) The certification referred to in subparagraph (A) is a certification by the Secretary of State that the country program of the UNFPA in the People’s Republic of China--

          (i) focuses on improving the delivery of voluntary family planning information and services;

          (ii) is designed in conformity with the human rights principles affirmed at the International Conference on Population and Development with the support of 180 nations including the United States;

          (iii) is implemented only in counties in the People’s Republic of China where all quotas and targets for the recruitment of program participants have been abolished and the use of coercive measures has been eliminated;

          (iv) is carried out in consultation with, and under the oversight and approval of, the UNFPA executive board, including the United States representative;

          (v) is subject to regular independent monitoring to ensure compliance with the principles of informed consent and voluntary participation; and

          (vi) suspends operations in project counties found to be in violation of program guidelines.

    (e) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS- Amounts authorized to be appropriated under subsection (a) are authorized to remain available until expended.

SEC. 107. GRANTS TO THE ASIA FOUNDATION.

    Section 404 of The Asia Foundation Act (title IV of Public Law 98-164) is amended to read as follows:

    ‘SEC. 404. There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of State such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000 for grants to The Asia Foundation pursuant to this title.’.

CHAPTER 2--BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS

SEC. 121. INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING.

    The following amounts are authorized to be appropriated for the Broadcasting Board of Governors to carry out certain international broadcasting activities under the United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994, the Radio Broadcasting to Cuba Act, and the Television Broadcasting to Cuba Act, and for other purposes authorized by law:

      (1) INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING OPERATIONS-

        (A) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For ‘International Broadcasting Operations’, such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000.

        (B) ALLOCATION- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated under subparagraph (A), the Broadcasting Board of Governors shall seek to ensure that the amounts made available for broadcasting to nations whose people do not fully enjoy freedom of expression do not decline in proportion to the amounts made available for broadcasting to other nations.

      (2) BROADCASTING CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS- For ‘Broadcasting Capital Improvements’, such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000.

      (3) RADIO FREE ASIA- For ‘Radio Free Asia’, $30,000,000 for the fiscal year 2000.

      (4) BROADCASTING TO CUBA-

        (A) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For ‘Broadcasting to Cuba’, such sums as may be necessary for the fiscal year 2000.

        (B) LIMITATION- Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated under subparagraph (A), $712,000 for the fiscal year 2000 is authorized to be appropriated only for the Office of Cuba Broadcasting to develop and implement new technology and enhance current methods to strengthen and improve the transmission capabilities of Radio Marti and TV Marti.

TITLE II--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AUTHORITIES AND ACTIVITIES

CHAPTER 1--AUTHORITIES AND ACTIVITIES

SEC. 201. AUTHORITY TO LEASE AIRCRAFT TO RESPOND TO A TERRORIST ATTACK ABROAD.

    Subject to the availability of appropriations, in the event of an emergency which involves a terrorist attack abroad, the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the Department of Justice is authorized to lease commercial aircraft to transport equipment and personnel in response to such attack if there have been reasonable efforts to obtain appropriate Department of Defense aircraft and such aircraft are unavailable. The leasing authority under this section shall include authority to provide indemnification insurance or guarantees, if necessary and appropriate.

SEC. 202. REPORT ON CUBAN DRUG TRAFFICKING.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act and every 180 days thereafter, the Secretary of State shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees an unclassified report (with a classified annex) on the extent of international drug trafficking from, through, or over Cuba. Each report shall include the following:

      (1) Information concerning the extent to which the Cuban Government or any official, employee, or entity of the Government of Cuba has engaged in, facilitated, or condoned such trafficking.

      (2) The extent to which the appropriate agencies of the United States Government have investigated and prosecuted such activities of the Cuban Government or any official, employee, or entity of the Government of Cuba.

      (3) A determination of whether the Government of Cuba should be included in the list of nations considered to be major drug trafficking countries.

SEC. 203. REPORT ON COMPLIANCE WITH THE HAGUE CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL CHILD ABDUCTION.

    Section 2803(a) of the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (as enacted by division G of the Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1999; Public Law 105-277) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘1999,’ and inserting ‘2000,’;

      (2) in paragraph (2) by striking ‘abducted.’ and inserting ‘abducted, are being wrongfully retained in violation of United States court orders, or which have failed to comply with any of their obligations under such convention with respect to applications for the return of children, access to children, or both, submitted by United States citizens or lawful residents.’;

      (3) in paragraph (3)--

        (A) by striking ‘children’ and inserting ‘children, access to children, or both,’; and

        (B) by inserting ‘or lawful residents’ after ‘citizens’; and

      (4) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following new paragraph:

      ‘(6) A list of the countries which are Parties to the Convention, but in which due to the absence of a prompt and effective method for enforcement of civil court orders, the absence of a doctrine of comity, or other factors, there is a substantial possibility that an order of return or access under a Hague Convention proceeding, or a United States custody, access, or visitation order, will not be promptly enforced.’.

SEC. 204. ELIMINATION OF OBSOLETE REPORTS.

    (a) POST LANGUAGE COMPETENCE- Section 304(c) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3944(c)) is repealed.

    (b) SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC GROWTH- Section 574 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1996 (Public Law 104-107) is repealed.

    (c) REDUNDANT REPORTS ON CERTAIN WEAPONS-

      (1) Section 308 of the Chemical and Biological Weapons and Warfare Elimination Act of 1991 (Public Law 102-182) is repealed.

      (2) Section 585 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1997 (Public Law 104-208), is repealed.

    (d) SITUATION IN IRAQ- Section 3 of Public Law 102-1 is amended by striking ‘60 days’ and inserting ‘six months’.

SEC. 205. CONTINUATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) REPORTS ON CLAIMS BY UNITED STATES FIRMS AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT OF SAUDI ARABIA- Section 2801(b) of the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (as enacted by division G of the Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1999; Public Law 105-277) is amended--

      (1) by striking ‘the earlier of--’;

      (2) by striking paragraph (1); and

      (3) by striking the designation for paragraph (2) and adjusting the tabulation.

    (b) REPORTS ON DETERMINATIONS UNDER TITLE IV OF THE LIBERTAD ACT- Section 2802(a) of the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (as enacted by division G of the Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1999; Public Law 105-277) is amended by striking ‘during the period ending September 30, 1999,’ and inserting a comma.

    (c) RELATIONS WITH VIETNAM- Section 2805 of the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (as enacted by division G of the Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1999; Public Law 105-277) is amended by striking ‘during the period ending September 30, 1999,’.

    (d) REPORTS ON BALLISTIC MISSILE COOPERATION WITH RUSSIA- Section 2705(d) of the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (as enacted by division G of the Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1999; Public Law 105-277) is amended by striking ‘and January 1, 2000,’ and inserting ‘January 1, 2000, January 1, 2001, and January 1, 2002,’.

SEC. 206. INTERNATIONAL ARMS SALES CODE OF CONDUCT.

    (a) NEGOTIATIONS- The Secretary of State shall attempt to achieve the foreign policy goal of an international arms sales code of conduct with all Wassenaar Arrangement countries. The Secretary of State shall take the necessary steps to begin negotiations with all Wassenaar Arrangement countries within 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act. The purpose of such negotiations shall be to conclude an agreement on restricting or prohibiting arms transfers to countries that do not meet the criteria under subsection (b).

    (b) CRITERIA- The criteria referred to in subsection (a) are as follows:

      (1) PROMOTING DEMOCRACY- Such government--

        (A) was chosen by and permits free and fair elections;

        (B) promotes civilian control of the military and security forces and has civilian institutions controlling the policy, operation, and spending of all law enforcement and security institutions, as well as the armed forces;

        (C) promotes the rule of law, equality before the law, and respect for individual and minority rights, including freedom to speak, publish, associate, and organize; and

        (D) promotes the strengthening of political, legislative, and civil institutions of democracy, as well as autonomous institutions to monitor the conduct of public officials and to combat corruption.

      (2) RESPECTS HUMAN RIGHTS- Such government--

        (A) does not engage in gross violations of internationally recognized human rights, including--

          (i) extrajudicial or arbitrary executions;

          (ii) disappearances;

          (iii) torture or severe mistreatment;

          (iv) prolonged arbitrary imprisonment;

          (v) systematic official discrimination on the basis of race, ethnicity, religion, gender, national origin, or political affiliation; and

          (vi) grave breaches of international laws of war or equivalent violations of the laws of war in internal conflicts;

        (B) vigorously investigates, disciplines, and prosecutes those responsible for gross violations of internationally recognized human rights;

        (C) permits access on a regular basis to political prisoners by international humanitarian organizations such as the International Committee of the Red Cross;

        (D) promotes the independence of the judiciary and other official bodies that oversee the protection of human rights;

        (E) does not impede the free functioning of domestic and international human rights organizations; and

        (F) provides access on a regular basis to humanitarian organizations in situations of conflict or famine.

      (3) NOT ENGAGED IN CERTAIN ACTS OF ARMED AGGRESSION- Such government is not currently engaged in acts of armed aggression in violation of international law.

      (4) FULL PARTICIPATION IN UNITED NATIONS REGISTER OF CONVENTIONAL ARMS- Such government is fully participating in the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms.

    (c) REPORTS-

      (1) REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE- Not later than 6 months after the commencement of negotiations under subsection (a), and not later than the end of every 6-month period thereafter until an agreement described in subsection (a) is concluded, the Secretary of State shall report to the appropriate congressional committees on the progress of such negotiations.

      (2) HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT- In the report required by sections 116(d) and 502B of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, the Secretary of State shall describe the extent to which the practices of each country evaluated meet the criteria of subsection (b).

    (d) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the term ‘Wassenaar Arrangement countries’ means those participating in the Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual Use Goods and Technologies, done at Vienna on July 11-12, 1996.

SEC. 207. HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEMOCRACY FELLOWSHIPS.

    (a) ESTABLISHMENT- There is established in the Department of State a program which shall be known as the ‘Human Rights and Democracy Fellowship Program’. The program shall be administered by the Secretary with the assistance of the Assistant Secretary for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. The program shall provide for the employment of not less than 6 and not more than 12 fellows in the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. Fellowships shall be for an initial 1 year period which may be extended for a total of not more than 3 years. Fellowships shall be available to individuals who have expertise in human rights policy, human rights law, or related subjects and who are not permanent employees of the United States Government.

    (b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATION- There are authorized to be appropriated for the Human Rights and Democracy Fellowship Program under subsection (a) $1,000,000 for fiscal year 2000.

SEC. 208. JOINT FUNDS UNDER AGREEMENTS FOR COOPERATION IN ENVIRONMENTAL, SCIENTIFIC, CULTURAL AND RELATED AREAS.

    Amounts made available to the Department of State for participation in joint funds under agreements for cooperation in environmental, scientific, cultural and related areas prior to fiscal year 1996 which, pursuant to express terms of such international agreements, were deposited in interest-bearing accounts prior to disbursement may earn interest, and interest accrued to such accounts may be used and retained without return to the Treasury of the United States and without further appropriation by Congress. The Department of State shall take action to ensure

the complete and timely disbursement of appropriations and associated interest within joint funds covered by this section and final disposition of such agreements.

SEC. 209. REPORT ON INTERNATIONAL EXTRADITION.

    Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall prepare and submit to the Congress a report concerning international extradition. The report shall review all extradition treaties and agreements to which the United States is signatory; identify those countries that have become ‘safe havens’ for individuals fleeing the American justice system; identify the factors which contribute to the international extradition problem, particularly laws in foreign countries which prohibit the extradition to another country of certain classes of persons; and propose appropriate legislative and diplomatic solutions to such problem, including, where appropriate, the renegotiation of extradition treaties.

SEC. 210. EFFECTIVE REGULATION OF SATELLITE EXPORT ACTIVITIES.

    (a) LICENSING REGIME- The Secretary of State shall establish a regulatory regime for the licensing for export of satellites, satellite technologies, components, and systems which shall include preferential treatment and expedited approval, as appropriate, of the licensing for export by United States companies of satellites, satellite technologies, components, and systems to NATO allies, major non-NATO allies, and other friendly countries.

    (b) FINANCIAL AND PERSONNEL RESOURCES- The Secretary of State, pursuant to the Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1999, shall obligate expeditiously $2,000,000 of amounts appropriated under that Act, above levels made available to the Office of Defense Trade Controls for fiscal year 1998, to enable that office to carry out its responsibilities.

CHAPTER 2--CONSULAR AND RELATED ACTIVITIES

SEC. 251. DEATHS AND ESTATES OF UNITED STATES CITIZENS ABROAD.

    (a) REPEAL- Section 1709 of the Revised Statutes (22 U.S.C. 4195) is repealed.

    (b) AMENDMENT TO STATE DEPARTMENT BASIC AUTHORITIES ACT OF 1956- The State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 is amended by inserting after section 43 the following new sections:

‘SEC. 43A. NOTIFICATION OF NEXT OF KIN; REPORTS OF DEATH.

    ‘Pursuant to such regulations as the Secretary of State may prescribe--

      ‘(1) When a United States citizen or national dies abroad, a consular officer shall endeavor to notify, or assist the Secretary of State in notifying, the next of kin or legal guardian as soon as possible; provided, that in the case of death of Peace Corps Volunteers, members of the Armed Forces, their dependents, or Department of Defense civilian employees, the consular officer shall assist the Peace Corps or the appropriate military authorities in making such notifications.

      ‘(2) The consular officer may, for any United States citizen who dies abroad, (A) in the case of a finding by appropriate local authorities, issue a report of death or of presumptive death, or (B) in the absence of a finding by appropriate local authorities, issue a report of presumptive death.

‘SEC. 43B. CONSERVATION AND DISPOSITION OF ESTATES.

    ‘(a) CONSERVATION OF ESTATES ABROAD-

      ‘(1) AUTHORITY TO ACT AS CONSERVATOR- Pursuant to such regulations as the Secretary of State may prescribe, when a United States citizen or national dies abroad, a consular officer shall act as the provisional conservator of the decedent’s estate and, subject to paragraphs (3) and (4), shall--

        ‘(A) take possession of the personal effects within his jurisdiction;

        ‘(B) inventory and appraise the personal effects, sign the inventory, and annex thereto a certificate as to the accuracy of the inventory and appraised value of each article;

        ‘(C) when appropriate, collect the debts due to the decedent in the officer’s jurisdiction and pay from the estate the obligations owed there by the decedent;

        ‘(D) sell or dispose of, as appropriate, all perishable items of property;

        ‘(E) sell, after reasonable public notice and notice to such next of kin as can be ascertained with reasonable diligence, such additional items of property as necessary to provide funds sufficient to pay the decedent’s debts and property taxes in the country of death, funeral expenses, and other expenses incident to the disposition of the estate;

        ‘(F) at the end of one year from the date of death (or after such additional period as may be required for final settlement of the estate), if no claimant shall have appeared, sell or dispose of the residue of the personal estate, except as provided in subparagraph (G) below, in the same manner as United States Government-owned foreign excess property;

        ‘(G) transmit to the United States, to the Secretary of State, the proceeds of any sales along with any financial instruments (including bonds, shares of stock, and notes of indebtedness), jewelry, heirlooms, and other articles of obvious sentimental value, to be held in trust for the legal claimant; and

        ‘(H) in the event that the decedent’s estate includes an interest in real property located within the jurisdiction of the officer and such interest does not devolve by the applicable laws of intestate succession or otherwise, provide for title to the property to be conveyed to the Government of the United States unless the Secretary declines to accept such conveyance.

      ‘(2) AUTHORITY TO ACT AS ADMINISTRATOR- The Secretary of State may expressly authorize the officer to act as administrator of the estate in exceptional circumstances, pursuant to such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe. The officer shall not otherwise act in such capacity.

      ‘(3) EXCEPTIONS-

        ‘(A) The function provided for in this section shall not be performed to the extent that the decedent has left or there is otherwise appointed, in the country where the death occurred or where the decedent was domiciled, a legal representative, partner in trade, or trustee appointed to take care of his personal estate. If the decedent’s legal representative shall appear at any time prior to transmission of the estate to the Secretary and demand the proceeds and effects being held by the officer, the officer shall deliver them to the representative after having collected any prescribed fee for the services rendered pursuant to this section.

        ‘(B) Nothing in this section shall affect the authority of military commanders under title 10 of the United States Code with respect to persons or property under military command or jurisdiction or the authority of the Peace Corps with respect to Peace Corps Volunteers or their property.

      ‘(4) CONDITIONS- The functions provided for in this section shall be performed only when authorized by treaty provisions or permitted by the laws or authorities of the country wherein the death occurs, or the decedent is domiciled, or if such functions are permitted by established usage.

    ‘(b) DISPOSITION OF ESTATES BY THE SECRETARY OF STATE-

      ‘(1) PERSONAL ESTATES-

        ‘(A) After receipt of personal estates pursuant to subsection (a), the Secretary, pursuant to such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe for the conservation of such estates, may seek payment of all outstanding debts to the estate as they become due, may receive any balances due on such estates, may endorse all checks, bills of exchange, promissory notes, and other instruments of indebtedness payable to the estate for the benefit thereof, and may take such other action as is reasonably necessary for the conservation of the estate.

        ‘(B) If by the end of the fifth full fiscal year after receipt of the personal estate pursuant to subsection (a), no legal claimant for such estate has appeared, title to the estate shall pass to the Secretary who shall dispose of the estate in the same manner as surplus United States Government-owned property or by such means as may be appropriate in light of the nature and value of the property involved. The expenses of sales shall be paid from the estate, and any lawful claim received thereafter shall be payable to the extent of the value of the net proceeds of the estate as a refund from the appropriate Treasury account.

        ‘(C) The net cash estate after disposition as provided in subparagraph (B) shall be remitted to the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.

      ‘(2) REAL PROPERTY- Pursuant to such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe--

        ‘(A) in the event that real property is conveyed to the Government of the United States pursuant to subsection (a)(1)(H) and is not needed by the Department of State, such property shall be considered foreign excess property under title IV of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (40 U.S.C. 511 et seq.); and

        ‘(B) in the event that the Department needs such property, the Secretary shall treat such property as if it were an unconditional gift accepted on behalf of the Department of State pursuant to section 25 of this Act and section 9(a)(3) of the Foreign Service Buildings Act of 1926, as amended.

    ‘(c) LOSSES IN CONNECTION WITH THE CONSERVATION OF ESTATES-

      ‘(1) AUTHORITY- Pursuant to such regulations as the Secretary of State may prescribe, the Secretary is authorized to compensate the estate of any United States citizen, who has died overseas, for property, the conservation of which has been undertaken under either section 43 or subsection (a) of this section, and that has been lost, stolen, or destroyed while in the custody of officers or employees of the Department of State. Any such compensation shall be in lieu of personal liability of officers or employees of the Department of State. Officers and employees of the Department of State may be liable in appropriate cases to the Department of State to the extent of any compensation provided pursuant to this subsection.

      ‘(2) LIABILITY- The liability of officers or employees of the Department of State to the Department for payments made pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section shall be determined pursuant to the Department’s procedures for determining accountability for United States Government property.’.

    (c) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by this section shall take effect 6 months after enactment of this Act or upon the effective date of any regulations promulgated hereunder, whichever is sooner.

SEC. 252. DUTIES OF CONSULAR OFFICERS.

    Section 43 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2715) is amended--

      (1) by inserting ‘(a) AUTHORITY- ’ before ‘In’;

      (2) by striking ‘disposition of personal effects.’ in the last sentence and inserting ‘disposition of personal estates pursuant to section 43B of this Act.’; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ‘(b) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this section and sections 43A and 43B of this Act, the term ‘consular officer’ includes any United States citizen employee of the Department of State who is designated by the Secretary of State to perform consular services pursuant to such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe.’.

SEC. 253. MACHINE READABLE VISAS.

    Section 140(a) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (8 U.S.C. 1351 note) is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (3) by amending the first sentence to read as follows: ‘For each of the fiscal years 2000, 2001, and 2002, any amount collected under paragraph (1) that exceeds $316,715,000 for fiscal year 2000, $338,885,000 for fiscal year 2001, and $362,607,000 for fiscal year 2002 may be made available only if a notification is submitted to Congress in accordance with the procedures applicable to reprogramming notifications under section 34 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956.’; and

      (2) by striking paragraphs (4) and (5).

SEC. 254. PROCESSING OF VISA APPLICATIONS.

    (a) POLICY- It shall be the policy of the Department of State to process immigrant visa applications of immediate relatives of United States citizens and nonimmigrant k-1 visa applications of fiances of United States citizens within 30 days of the receipt of all necessary documents from the applicant and the Immigration and Naturalization Service. In the case of a visa application where the sponsor of such applicant is a relative other than an immediate relative, it should be the policy of the Department of State to process such an application within 60 days of the receipt of all necessary documents from the applicant and the Immigration and Naturalization Service.

    (b) REPORTS- For each of the fiscal years 2000 and 2001, the Secretary of State shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees an annual report on the extent to which the Department of State is meeting the policy standards under subsection (a). Each report shall be based on a survey of the 22 consular posts which account for approximately 72 percent of immigrant visas issued and, in addition, the consular posts in Guatemala City, Nicosia, Caracas, Naples, and Jakarta. Each report should include data on the average time for processing each category of visa application under subsection (a), a list of the embassies and consular posts which do not meet the policy standards under subsection (a), the amount of funds collected for processing of visa applications, the costs of processing such visa applications, and the steps being taken by the Department of State to achieve such policy standards.

    (c) TASK FORCE- The Secretary of State, in consultation with other Federal agencies, shall establish a joint task force with the goal of reducing the overall processing time for visa applications.

SEC. 255. REPEAL OF OUTDATED PROVISION ON PASSPORT FEES.

    Section 4 of the Passport Act of June 4, 1920 (22 U.S.C. 216, 41 Stat. 751) is repealed.

SEC. 256. FEES RELATING TO AFFIDAVITS OF SUPPORT.

    (a) AUTHORITY FOR FEE FOR PREPARATION ASSISTANCE- Subject to subsection (b), the Secretary of State is authorized to charge a fee for services provided by the Department of State to an individual for assistance in the preparation and filing of an affidavit of support pursuant to section 213A of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1183A) to ensure that the affidavit is properly completed before consideration of the affidavit and an immigrant visa application by a consular officer.

    (b) LIMITATION- An individual may be charged a fee under this section only once, regardless of the number of separate affidavits of support and visa applications for which services are provided.

    (c) TREATMENT OF FEES- Fees collected under the authority of subsection (a) shall be deposited as an offsetting collection to any Department of State appropriation, to recover the costs of providing affidavit preparation services under subsection (a). Such fees shall remain available for obligation until expended. Fees collected shall be available only to such extent and in such amounts as are provided in advance in an appropriation act.

CHAPTER 3--REFUGEES

SEC. 271. UNITED STATES POLICY REGARDING THE INVOLUNTARY RETURN OF REFUGEES.

    (a) IN GENERAL- None of the funds made available by this Act or by section 2(c) of the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962 (22 U.S.C. 2601(c)) shall be available to effect the involuntary return by the United States of any person to a country in which the person has a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion, except on grounds recognized as precluding protection as a refugee under the United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees of July 28, 1951, and the Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees of January 31, 1967, subject to the reservations contained in the United States Senate Resolution of Ratification.

    (b) MIGRATION AND REFUGEE ASSISTANCE- None of the funds made available by this Act or by section 2(c) of the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962 (22 U.S.C. 2601(c)) shall be available to effect the involuntary return of any person to any country unless the Secretary of State first notifies the appropriate congressional committees, except that in the case of an emergency involving a threat to human life the Secretary of State shall notify the appropriate congressional committees as soon as practicable.

    (c) INVOLUNTARY RETURN DEFINED- As used in this section, the term ‘to effect the involuntary return’ means to require, by means of physical force or circumstances amounting to a threat thereof, a person to return to a country against the person’s will, regardless of whether the person is physically present in the United States and regardless of whether the United States acts directly or through an agent.

SEC. 272. HUMAN RIGHTS REPORTS.

    Section 502B(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2304(b)) is amended by inserting after the fourth sentence the following: ‘Each report under this section shall describe the extent to which each country has extended protection to refugees, including the provision of first asylum and resettlement.’.

SEC. 273. GUIDELINES FOR REFUGEE PROCESSING POSTS.

    (a) GUIDELINES FOR ADDRESSING HOSTILE BIASES- Section 602(c) of the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-292; 112 Stat. 2812) is amended by inserting ‘and of the Department of State’ after ‘Service’.

    (b) GUIDELINES FOR OVERSEAS REFUGEE PROCESSING- Section 602(c) of such Act is further amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      ‘(3) Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2000, the Secretary of State (after consultation with the Attorney General) shall issue guidelines to ensure that persons with potential biases against any refugee applicant, including persons employed by, or otherwise subject to influence by, governments known to be involved in persecution on account of religion, race, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion, shall not in any way be used in processing determinations of refugee status, including interpretation of conversations or examination of documents presented by such applicants.’.

SEC. 274. VIETNAMESE REFUGEES.

    No funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be made available to support a larger number of personnel assigned to United States diplomatic or consular posts in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam than the number assigned to such posts on March 22, 1999, unless not less than 60 days prior to any obligation or expenditure of such funds the Secretary of State submits a certification to the appropriate congressional committees that--

      (1) all United States refugee programs in Vietnam, as well as programs to provide visas for Amerasians and for immediate relatives of refugees and asylees, are supervised by a Refugee Counselor or Refugee Coordinator who has a proven record of sensitivity to the problems of refugees and other victims of human rights violations and who reports directly to the Ambassador or the Consul General at the United States Consulate in Saigon and receives policy guidance from the Assistant Secretary of State for the bureau with principal responsibility for refugees;

      (2) a program has been established in which all former United States Government employees who were adjudicated through a Vietnamese government interpreter and whose applications for refugee status were denied will be re-interviewed by Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) Asylum Officers reporting directly to INS headquarters in Washington, D.C., and receiving specialized training and written guidance from the INS Asylum Division and Office of General Counsel;

      (3) members of the Montagnard ethnic minority groups who fought alongside United States forces prior to 1975, and who later served three years or more in prisons or re-education camps, will not be disqualified from eligibility for resettlement in the United States as refugees on the sole ground that they continued to fight the Communists after 1975 and therefore did not begin their prison or re-education sentences until several years later;

      (4) allied combat veterans whose three-year re-education or prison sentences began before April 30, 1975, because they were serving in parts of the country that fell to the Communists before Saigon, and who are otherwise eligible for resettlement as refugees in the United States, are not disqualified on the sole ground of the date their re-education or prison sentences began;

      (5) persons who were eligible for the Orderly Departure Program (ODP), but who missed the application deadline announced and imposed in 1994 because they were still in detention, in internal exile in a remote and inaccessible location, unable to afford bribes demanded by corrupt local officials for documentation and permission to attend refugee interviews, or for other reasons beyond their control, will be considered for interviews on a case-by-case basis, and that such case-by-case consideration is subject to clear written guidance and administrative review to ensure that persons who missed the deadline for reasons beyond their control will not be denied consideration on the merits;

      (6) widows of allied combat veterans who died in re-education camps, including those who did not apply before the 1994 deadline solely because they lacked documentary evidence from the Communist authorities to prove the death and/or marriage, and who are otherwise eligible for ODP will have their cases considered on the merits;

      (7) unmarried sons and daughters of persons eligible for United States programs, including persons described in section 2244 of the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (enacted as Division G of the Omnibus Consolidated Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Fiscal Year 1999, Public Law 105-277) will not be disqualified from accompanying or following to join their parents on the sole ground that they have not been continuously listed on the household registration issued to their parents by the government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam;

      (8) returnees from refugee camps outside Vietnam who met the criteria for the Resettlement Opportunities for Vietnamese Returnees (ROVR) program, in that they either signed up for repatriation or were actually repatriated between October 1, 1995, and June 30, 1996, but did not fill out a ROVR application before their repatriation, will be given the opportunity to fill out an application in Vietnam and will have their cases considered on the merits;

      (9) returnees whose special circumstances denied them any meaningful opportunity to apply for ROVR in the camps, such as those who were not offered applications because they were in hospitals or were being held in detention centers within certain camps, or who were erroneously told by camp administrators or Vietnamese government officials that they were ineligible for the program, will be given an opportunity to apply in Vietnam and will have their cases considered on the merits, even if their repatriation took place after June 30, 1996;

      (10) a program has been established to identify, interview, and resettle persons who have experienced recent persecution or credible threats of persecution because of political, religious, or human rights activities in Vietnam, subject to clear written standards to ensure that such persons will have access to the program whether or not they are included in a ROVR or ODP interview category and whether or not their cases are referred by an international organization;

      (11) written guidance with respect to applications for reconsideration has been issued by the Immigration and Naturalization Service Office of General Counsel to ensure that applicants whose cases were denied on grounds described in paragraphs (2) through (10), because they were unwilling or unable to describe mistreatment by the Vietnamese government in the presence of a Vietnamese government interpreter, or for other reasons contrary to the interest of justice, will be re-interviewed; and

      (12) all applicants described in paragraphs (2) through (11) will have the assistance of a Joint Voluntary Agency (JVA) in preparing their cases.

TITLE III--ORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE; PERSONNEL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE; FOREIGN SERVICE

CHAPTER 1--ORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

SEC. 301. ESTABLISHMENT OF BUREAU FOR INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION PROGRAMS AND BUREAU FOR EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS.

    Section 1 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2651a) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ‘(i) ESTABLISHMENT OF CERTAIN BUREAUS, OFFICES, AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONAL ENTITIES WITHIN THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE-

      ‘(1) BUREAU FOR INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION PROGRAMS- There is established within the Department of State the Bureau for International Information Programs which shall assist the Secretary of State in carrying out international information activities formerly carried out by the United States Information Agency.

      ‘(2) BUREAU FOR EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS- There is established within the Department of State a Bureau for Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs which shall assist the Secretary of State in carrying out educational and cultural exchange programs.’.

SEC. 302. CORRECTION OF DESIGNATION OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE.

    (a) AMENDMENTS TO FOREIGN SERVICE ACT OF 1980- The Foreign Service Act of 1980 is amended--

      (1) in section 105(b)(2)(B) by striking ‘State and the Foreign Service)’ and inserting ‘State)’;

      (2) in section 209(a)(1)--

        (A) by striking ‘State and the Foreign Service,’ and inserting ‘State,’; and

        (B) by striking the second sentence;

      (3) in section 603(a) by striking ‘State and the Foreign Service,’ and inserting ‘State,’; and

      (4) in section 1002(12)(E) by striking ‘and the Foreign Service’.

    (b) AMENDMENTS TO THE FOREIGN AFFAIRS REFORM AND RESTRUCTURING ACT OF 1998- The Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (as enacted in division G of the Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1999; Public Law 105-277) is amended--

      (1) in section 2208(c) by striking ‘and the Foreign Service’; and

      (2) in section 1314(e) by striking ‘and the Foreign Service’.

    (c) AMENDMENTS TO PUBLIC LAW 103-236- Effective October 2, 1999, subsections (i) and (j) of section 308 of the United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994 (22 U.S.C. 6207 (i) and (j)) are amended by striking ‘Inspector General of the Department of State and the Foreign Service’ each place it appears and inserting ‘Inspector General of the Department of State’.

    (d) AMENDMENTS TO UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING ACT OF 1994- Section 304(a)(3)(A) of the United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994 (22 U.S.C. 6203(a)(3)(A)) is amended by striking ‘and the Foreign Service’.

CHAPTER 2--PERSONNEL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

SEC. 321. ESTABLISHMENT OF FOREIGN SERVICE STAR.

    The State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 is amended by inserting after section 36 the following new section:

‘SEC. 36A. THE FOREIGN SERVICE STAR.

    ‘(a) AUTHORITY- The President may award a decoration called the ‘Foreign Service Star’ to an individual--

      ‘(1) who is killed or injured after August 1, 1998,

      ‘(2) whose death or injury occurs while the individual is a member of the Foreign Service or a civilian employee of the Government of the United States--

      ‘(3) whose death or injury occurs while the individual--

        ‘(A) is employed at, or assigned permanently or temporarily to, an official mission overseas, or

        ‘(B) was traveling abroad on official business, and

      ‘(4) whose death or injury occurs while performing official duties, while on the premises of a United States mission abroad, or due to such individual’s status as an employee of the United States Government, and results from any form of assault including terrorist or military action, civil unrest, or criminal activities directed at facilities of the Government of the United States.

    ‘(b) SELECTION- The Secretary shall submit recommendations for the Foreign Service Star to the President. The Secretary shall establish criteria and procedures for nominations for the Foreign Service Star pursuant to such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe for awards under this section.

    ‘(c) FUNDING- Any expenses incident to an award under this section may be paid out of the applicable current account of the agency with which the individual was or is employed.

    ‘(d) POSTHUMOUS AWARD- A Foreign Service Star award to an individual who is deceased shall be presented to the individual’s next of kin or representative, as designated by the President.’.

SEC. 322. UNITED STATES CITIZENS HIRED ABROAD.

    Section 408(a)(1) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3968(a)(1)) is amended in the last sentence by striking ‘(A)’ and all that follows through ‘(B)’.

SEC. 323. BORDER EQUALIZATION ADJUSTMENT.

    Chapter 4 of title I of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3901 et seq.) is amended by adding the following new section at the end:

‘SEC. 414. BORDER EQUALIZATION ADJUSTMENT.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- An employee who regularly commutes from his or her place of residence in the continental United States to an official duty station in Canada or Mexico shall receive a border equalization adjustment equal to the amount of comparability payments under section 5304 of title 5, United States Code, that he or she would receive if assigned to an official duty station within the United States locality pay area closest to the employee’s official duty station.

    ‘(b) DEFINITION OF EMPLOYEE- For purposes of this section, the term ‘employee’ shall mean a person who--

      ‘(1) is an ‘employee’ as defined under section 2105 of title 5, United States Code; and

      ‘(2) is employed by the United States Department of State, the United States Agency for International Development, or the International Joint Commission, except that the term shall not include members of the Foreign Service as defined by section 103 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-465), section 3903 of title 22 of the United States Code.

    ‘(c) TREATMENT AS BASIC PAY- An equalization adjustment payable under this section shall be considered basic pay for the same purposes as are comparability payments under section 5304 of title 5, United States Code, and its implementing regulations.

    ‘(d) REGULATIONS- The agencies referenced in subsection (b)(2) are authorized to promulgate regulations to carry out the purposes of this section.’.

SEC. 324. TREATMENT OF GRIEVANCE RECORDS.

    Section 1103(d)(1) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4133(d)(1)) is amended by adding the following new sentence at the end: ‘Nothing in this subsection shall prevent a grievant from placing a rebuttal to accompany a record of disciplinary action in such grievant’s personnel records nor prevent the Department from including a response to such rebuttal, including documenting those cases in which the Board has reviewed and upheld the discipline.’.

SEC. 325. REPORT CONCERNING FINANCIAL DISADVANTAGES FOR ADMINISTRATIVE AND TECHNICAL PERSONNEL.

    (a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that administrative and technical personnel posted to United States missions abroad who do not have diplomatic status suffer financial disadvantages from their lack of such status.

    (b) REPORT- Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit a report to the appropriate congressional committees concerning the extent to which administrative and technical personnel posted to United States missions abroad who do not have diplomatic status suffer financial disadvantages from their lack of such status, including proposals to alleviate such disadvantages.

SEC. 326. EXTENSION OF OVERSEAS HIRING AUTHORITY.

    Section 202(a) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 3922(a)) is amended by inserting at the end the following new paragraph:

    ‘(4) When and to the extent the Secretary of State deems it in the best interests of the United States Government, the Secretary of State may authorize the head of any agency or other Government establishment (including any establishment in the legislative or judicial branch), to appoint pursuant to section 303 individuals hired abroad as members of the Service and to utilize the Foreign Service personnel system under such regulations as the Secretary of State may prescribe, provided that appointments of United States citizens under this subsection shall be limited to appointments authorized by section 311(a).’.

SEC. 327. MEDICAL EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE.

    Section 5927 of title 5, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

‘Sec. 5927. Advances of pay

    ‘(a) Up to three months’ pay may be paid in advance--

      ‘(1) to an employee upon the assignment of the employee to a post in a foreign area;

      ‘(2) to an employee, other than an employee appointed under section 303 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (and employed under section 311 of such Act), who--

        ‘(A) is a citizen of the United States;

        ‘(B) is officially stationed or located outside the United States pursuant to Government authorization; and

        ‘(C) requires (or has a family member who requires) medical treatment outside the United States, in circumstances specified by the President in regulations; and

      ‘(3) to a foreign national employee appointed under section 303 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980, or a nonfamily member United States citizen appointed under such section 303 (and employed under section 311 of such Act) for service at such nonfamily member’s post of residence, who--

        ‘(A) is located outside the country of employment of such foreign national employee or nonfamily member (as the case may be) pursuant to Government authorization; and

        ‘(B) requires medical treatment outside the country of employment of such foreign national employee or nonfamily member (as the case may be), in circumstances specified by the President in regulations.

    ‘(b) For the purpose of this section, the term ‘country of employment’, as used with respect to an individual under subsection (a)(3), means the country (or other area) outside the United States where such individual is appointed (as described in subsection (a)(3)) by the Government.’.

SEC. 328. FAMILIES OF DECEASED FOREIGN SERVICE PERSONNEL.

    Section 5922 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(f)(1) If an employee dies at post in a foreign area, a transfer allowance under section 5924(2)(B) may be granted to the spouse or dependents of such employee (or both) for the purpose of providing for their return to the United States.

    ‘(2) A transfer allowance under this subsection may not be granted with respect to the spouse or a dependent of the employee unless, at the time of death, such spouse or dependent was residing--

      ‘(A) at the employee’s post of assignment; or

      ‘(B) at a place, outside the United States, for which a separate maintenance allowance was being furnished under section 5924(3).

    ‘(3) The President may prescribe any regulations necessary to carry out this subsection.’.

SEC. 329. PARENTAL CHOICE IN EDUCATION.

    Section 5924(4) of title 5, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) in subparagraph (A) by striking ‘between that post and the nearest locality where adequate schools are available,’ and inserting ‘between that post and the school chosen by the employee, not to exceed the total cost to the Government of the dependent attending an adequate school in the nearest locality where an adequate school is available,’; and

      (2) by adding after subparagraph (B) the following new subparagraph:

        ‘(C) In those cases in which an adequate school is available at the post of the employee, if the employee chooses to educate the dependent at a school away from post, the education allowance which includes board and room, and periodic travel between the post and the school chosen, shall not exceed the total cost to the Government of the dependent attending an adequate school at the post of the employee.’.

SEC. 330. WORKFORCE PLANNING FOR FOREIGN SERVICE PERSONNEL BY FEDERAL AGENCIES.

    Section 601(c) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4001(c)) is amended by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:

    ‘(4) Not later than March 1, 2001, and every four years thereafter, the Secretary of State shall submit a report to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate which shall include the following:

      ‘(A) A description of the steps taken and planned in furtherance of--

        ‘(i) maximum compatibility among agencies utilizing the Foreign Service personnel system, as provided for in section 203, and

        ‘(ii) the development of uniform policies and procedures and consolidated personnel functions, as provided for in section 204.

      ‘(B) A workforce plan for the subsequent five years, including projected personnel needs, by grade and by skill. Each such plan shall include for each category the needs for foreign language proficiency, geographic and functional expertise, and specialist technical skills. Each workforce plan shall specifically account for the training needs of Foreign Service personnel and shall delineate an intake program of generalist and specialist Foreign Service personnel to meet projected future requirements.

    ‘(5) If there are substantial modifications to any workforce plan under paragraph (4)(B) during any year in which a report under paragraph (4) is not required, a supplemental annual notification shall be submitted in the same manner as is required under paragraph (4).’.

SEC. 331. COMPENSATION FOR SURVIVORS OF TERRORIST ATTACKS OVERSEAS.

    The Secretary of State shall examine the current benefit structure for survivors of United States Government employees who are killed while serving at United States diplomatic facilities abroad as a result of terrorist acts. Such a review shall include an examination of whether such benefits are adequate, whether they are fair and equitably distributed without regard to category of employment, and how they compare to benefits available to survivors of other United States Government employees serving overseas, including noncivilian employees.

TITLE IV--UNITED STATES INFORMATIONAL, EDUCATIONAL, AND CULTURAL PROGRAMS

SEC. 401. EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGES AND SCHOLARSHIPS FOR TIBETANS AND BURMESE.

    (a) DESIGNATION OF NGAWANG CHOEPHEL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS- Section 103(a) of the Human Rights, Refugee, and Other Foreign Relations Provisions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-319) is amended by inserting after the first sentence the following: ‘Exchange programs under this subsection shall be known as the ‘Ngawang Choephel Exchange Programs’.’.

    (b) SCHOLARSHIPS FOR TIBETANS AND BURMESE- Section 103(b)(1) of the Human Rights, Refugee, and Other Foreign Relations Provisions Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-319; 22 U.S.C. 2151 note) is amended by striking ‘for the fiscal year 1999’ and inserting ‘for the fiscal year 2000’.

SEC. 402. CONDUCT OF CERTAIN EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMS.

    Section 102 of the Human Rights, Refugee, and Other Foreign Relations Provisions Act of 1996 (22 U.S.C. 2452 note) is amended by striking ‘Director’ and all that follows through the period and inserting the following: ‘Secretary of State, with the assistance of the Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy, shall--

      ‘(1) include, as a substantial proportion of the participants in such programs, nationals of such countries who have demonstrated a commitment to freedom and democracy;

      ‘(2) consult with human rights and democracy advocates from such countries on the selection of participants and grantees for such programs; and

      ‘(3) select grantees for such programs only after a competitive process in which proposals are solicited from multiple applicants and in which important factors in the selection of a grantee include the relative likelihood that each of the competing applicants would be willing and able:

        ‘(A) to identify and recruit as participants in the program persons described in paragraph (1); and

        ‘(B) in selecting participants who are associated with governments or other institutions wielding power in countries described in this section, to identify and recruit those most likely to be open to freedom and democracy and to avoid selecting those who are so firmly committed to the suppression of freedom and democracy that their inclusion could create an appearance that the United States condones such suppression.’.

SEC. 403. NOTIFICATION TO CONGRESS OF GRANTS.

    Section 705 of the United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948 (22 U.S.C. 1477c(b)) is amended--

      (1) by inserting ‘(a)’ after ‘705.’; and

      (2) by inserting at the end the following new subsection:

    ‘(b) For fiscal year 2000 and each subsequent fiscal year, the Secretary of State may not award any grant to carry out the purposes of this Act until 45 days after written notice has been provided to the Committee on International Relations of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate of the intent to award such grant. In determining whether to award a grant the Secretary shall consider any objections or modifications raised in the course of consultations with such committees.’.

SEC. 404. NATIONAL SECURITY MEASURES.

    The United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948 is amended by adding after section 1011 the following new sections:

‘NATIONAL SECURITY MEASURES

    ‘SEC. 1012. In coordination with other appropriate executive branch officals, the Secretary of State shall take all appropriate steps to prevent foreign espionage agents from participating in educational and cultural exchange programs under this Act.

‘PROLIFERATION OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION

    ‘SEC. 1013. The Secretary of State shall take all appropriate steps to ensure that no individual, who is employed by or attached to an office or department involved with the research, development, or production of missiles or weapons of mass destruction, from a country identified by the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of Defense, the National Security Agency, or the Department of Energy, as a country involved in the proliferation of missiles or weapons of mass destruction is a participant in any program of educational or cultural exchange under this Act. Appropriate steps under this section shall include prior consultation with the Federal agencies designated in the first sentence with respect to all prospective participants in such programs with respect to whom there is a reasonable basis to believe that such prospective participant may be employed by or attached to an office or department identified under the first sentence.’.

SEC. 405. DESIGNATION OF NORTH/SOUTH CENTER AS THE DANTE B. FASCELL NORTH-SOUTH CENTER.

    (a) DESIGNATION- Section 208 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (22 U.S.C. 2075) is amended--

      (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:

    ‘(a) SHORT TITLE- This section may be cited as the ‘Dante B. Fascell North-South Center Act of 1991’.’;

      (2) in subsection (c)--

        (A) by amending the section heading to read as follows: ‘DANTE B. FASCELL NORTH-SOUTH CENTER- ’; and

        (B) by striking ‘known as the North/South Center,’ and inserting ‘which shall be known and designated as the Dante B. Fascell North-South Center,’; and

      (3) in subsection (d) by striking ‘North/South Center’ and inserting ‘Dante B. Fascell North-South Center’.

    (b) REFERENCES-

      (1) CENTER- Any reference in any other provision of law to the educational institution in Florida known as the North/South Center shall be deemed to be a reference to the ‘Dante B. Fascell North-South Center’.

      (2) SHORT TITLE- Any reference in any other provision of law to the North/South Center Act of 1991 shall be deemed to be a reference to the ‘Dante B. Fascell North/South Center Act of 1991’.

SEC. 406. ADVISORY COMMISSION ON PUBLIC DIPLOMACY.

    Section 1334 of the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 (enacted as Division G of the Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Fiscal Year 1999; Public Law 105-277) is repealed.

SEC. 407. INTERNATIONAL EXPOSITIONS.

    (a) LIMITATION- Except as provided in subsection (b), notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Department of State may not obligate or expend any funds for a United States Government funded pavilion or other major exhibit at any international exposition or world’s fair registered by the Bureau of International Expositions in excess of amounts expressly authorized and appropriated for such purpose.

    (b) EXCEPTIONS-

      (1) The Department of State is authorized to utilize its personnel and resources to carry out its responsibilities--

        (A) under section 102(a)(3) of the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2452(a)(3), to provide for United States participation in international fairs and expositions abroad;

        (B) under section 105(f) of such Act with respect to encouraging foreign governments, international organizations, and private individuals, firms, associations, agencies and other groups to participate in international fairs and expositions and to make contributions to be utilized for United States participation in international fairs and expositions; and

        (C) to encourage private support to the United States Commissioner General for participation in international fairs and expositions.

      (2) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as authorizing the use of funds appropriated to the Department of State to make payments for--

        (A) contracts, grants, or other agreements with any other party to carry out the activities described in this subsection; or

        (B) any legal judgment or the costs of litigation brought against the Department of State arising from activities described in this subsection.

    (c) REPEAL- Section 230 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (22 U.S.C. 2452 note) is repealed.

SEC. 408. ROYAL ULSTER CONSTABULARY.

    The Secretary of State shall take all appropriate steps to ensure that members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) are not participants in any program of educational or cultural exchange or training through the National Academy Program at Quantico, Virginia, under the auspices of the Department of State or the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the Department of Justice unless the President certifies that complete, independent, credible and transparent investigations of the murders of defense attorneys Rosemary Nelson and Patrick Finucane have been initiated by the Government of the United Kingdom and that the Government has taken appropriate steps to protect defense attorneys against RUC harassment in Northern Ireland, in which case the President may permit any program, exchange, or training set forth herein.

TITLE V--INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING

SEC. 501. PERMANENT AUTHORIZATION FOR RADIO FREE ASIA.

    (a) REPEAL OF SUNSET PROVISION- Section 309 of the United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994 (22 U.S.C. 6208) is amended--

      (1) by striking subsection (g); and

      (2) in subsection (d)(2) by striking ‘Government,’ and all that follows through the period and inserting ‘Government.’.

    (b) REPEAL OF FUNDING LIMITATIONS- Section 309 of the United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994 is further amended --

      (1) in subsection (d) by striking paragraphs (4) and (5) and by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (4); and

      (2) in subsection (c)--

        (A) in paragraph (1)(A) by striking ‘the funding’ and all that follows through the semicolon and inserting ‘any funding limitations under subsection (d);’; and

        (B) in paragraph (3) by striking ‘the funding’ and all that follows through the period and inserting ‘any funding limitations under subsection (d).’.

SEC. 502. PRESERVATION OF RFE/RL (RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY).

    (a) REPEAL OF PRIVATIZATION POLICY STATEMENT- Section 312 of the United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994 (22 U.S.C. 6211) is repealed.

    (b) INCREASE IN LIMITATION ON GRANT AMOUNTS- Section 308(c) of the United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994 (22 U.S.C. 6207(c)) is amended by striking ‘$75,000,000’ and inserting ‘$80,000,000’.

SEC. 503. IMMUNITY FROM CIVIL LIABILITY FOR BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS.

    Section 304 of the United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994 (22 U.S.C. 6203) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ‘(g) IMMUNITY FROM CIVIL LIABILITY- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Volunteer Protection Act of 1997 shall apply to the members of the Broadcasting Board of Governors when acting in their capacities as members of the boards of directors of RFE/RL, Incorporated and Radio Free Asia.’.

TITLE VI--INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND COMMISSIONS

SEC. 601. INTERPARLIAMENTARY GROUPS.

    (a) AMERICAN DELEGATIONS TO CONFERENCES- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever either the House of Representatives or the Senate does not appoint its allotment of members as part of the American delegation or group to a conference or assembly of the British-American Interparliamentary Group, the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), the Mexico-United States Interparliamentary Group, the North Atlantic Assembly, or any similar interparliamentary group of which the United States is a member or participates and so notifies the other body of Congress, the other body may make appointments to complete the membership of the American delegation. Any appointment pursuant to this section shall be for the period of such conference or assembly and the body of Congress making such an appointment shall be responsible for the expenses of any member so appointed. Any such appointment shall be made in same manner in which other appointments to the delegation by such body of Congress are made.

    (b) TRANSATLANTIC LEGISLATIVE DIALOGUE- Section 109(c) of the Department of State Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1984 and 1985 (22 U.S.C. 276 note) is amended by striking ‘United States-European Community Interparliamentary Group’ and inserting ‘Transatlantic Legislative Dialogue (United States-European Union Interparliamentary Group)’.

SEC. 602. AUTHORITY TO ASSIST STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS.

    (a) AUTHORITY- The Commissioner of the U.S. Section of the International Boundary and Water Commission may provide technical tests, evaluations, information, surveys, or others similar services to State or local governments upon the request of such State or local government on a reimbursable basis.

    (b) REIMBURSEMENTS- Reimbursements shall be paid in advance of the goods or services ordered and shall be for the estimated or actual cost as determined by the U.S. Section of the International Boundary and Water Commission. Proper adjustment of amounts paid in advance shall be made as agreed to by the U.S. Section of the International Boundary and Water Commission on the basis of the actual cost of goods or services provided. Reimbursements received by the U.S. Section of the International Boundary and Water Commission for providing services under this section shall be credited to the appropriation from which the cost of providing the services will be charged.

SEC. 603. INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION.

    (a) EXPANDED AUTHORITY TO RECEIVE PAYMENTS- Section 2(b) of the American-Mexican Chamizal Convention Act of 1964 (Public Law 88-300; 22 U.S.C. 277d-18(b)) is amended by inserting ‘operations, maintenance, and’ after ‘cost of’.

SEC. 604. CONCERNING UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY RESOLUTION ES-10/6.

    (a) FINDINGS- The Congress makes the following findings:

      (1) In an Emergency Special Session, the United Nations General Assembly voted on February 9, 1999, to pass Resolution ES-10/6, Illegal Israeli Actions In Occupied East Jerusalem And The Rest Of The Occupied Palestinian Territory, to convene for the first time in 50 years the parties of the Fourth Geneva Convention for the Protection of Civilians in Time of War.

      (2) Such resolution unfairly places full blame for the deterioration of the Middle East Peace Process on Israel and dangerously politicizes the Geneva Convention, which was established to deal with critical humanitarian crises.

      (3) Such vote is intended to prejudge direct negotiations, put added and undue pressure on Israel to influence the results of those negotiations, and single out Israel for unprecedented enforcement proceedings which have never been invoked against governments with records of massive violations of the Geneva Convention.

    (b) CONGRESSIONAL STATEMENT OF POLICY- The Congress--

      (1) commends the Department of State for the vote of the United States against United Nations General Assembly Resolution ES-10/6 affirming that the text of such resolution politicizes the Fourth Geneva Convention which was primarily humanitarian in nature; and

      (2) urges the Department of State to continue its efforts against convening the conference.

TITLE VII--GENERAL PROVISIONS

SEC. 701. SENSE OF THE CONGRESS CONCERNING SUPPORT FOR DEMOCRACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVISTS IN CUBA.

    It is the sense of the Congress that--

      (1) the United States should increase its support to democracy and human rights activists in Cuba, providing assistance with the same intensity and decisiveness with which it supported the pro-democracy movements in Eastern Europe during the Cold War; and

      (2) the United States should substantially increase funding for programs and activities under section 109 of the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity Act of 1996 (22 U.S.C. 6021 et seq.) designed to support democracy and human rights activists and others in Cuba who are committed to peaceful and democratic change on the island.

SEC. 702. RELATING TO CYPRUS.

    (a) FINDINGS- The Congress makes the following findings:

      (1) At the urging of the United States Government, the Republic of Cyprus refrained from exercising that country’s sovereign right to self-defense, a right fully recognized by the United States Government and by Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations, and canceled the deployment on Cyprus of defensive antiaircraft missiles.

      (2) In close cooperation with the United States Government and the Government of Greece, Cyprus rerouted the missiles to the Greek island of Crete.

      (3) This extraordinarily conciliatory and courageous action was taken in the interest of peace.

      (4) With this action, the Republic of Cyprus displayed its full compliance with the recently adopted United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1217 and 1218 which address the Cyprus issue, demonstrated its support for President Bill Clinton’s December 22, 1998, commitment to ‘take all necessary steps to support a sustained effort to implement United Nations Security Council Resolution 1218’, and continued its efforts of the last 25 years to take substantive steps to reduce tensions and move toward a Cyprus settlement.

      (5) The Republic of Cyprus has no navy, air force, or army and faces one of the world’s largest and most sophisticated military forces, just minutes away, in Turkey, as well as an area described by the United Nations Secretary General as, ‘one of the most densely militarized areas in the world’ in the Turkish-occupied area of northern Cyprus.

    (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS- It is the sense of the Congress that--

      (1) in light of this and other similar extraordinary actions taken by the Republic of Cyprus, as well as the importance of a Cyprus settlement to American security and other interests, the United States should do all that is possible to bring about commensurate actions by Turkey;

      (2) the time has come for the United States to expect from Turkey actions on the Cyprus issue in the interest of peace, including steps in conformity with United States proposals concerning Cyprus and in compliance with provisions contained in United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1217 and 1218; and

      (3) such an effort would also be in the best interest of the people of Turkey, as well as in the interest of all others involved.