H.R. 3552 (106th): Food Equality Detection Act of 2000

106th Congress, 1999–2000. Text as of Jan 31, 2000 (Introduced).

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HR 3552 IH

106th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 3552

To require that agricultural products imported into the United States be subject to the same sanitary or phytosanitary measures as the same products of the United States, and for other purposes.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

January 31, 2000

Mrs. CHENOWETH-HAGE introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Agriculture, and in addition to the Committees on Commerce, and Ways and Means, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned


A BILL

To require that agricultural products imported into the United States be subject to the same sanitary or phytosanitary measures as the same products of the United States, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ‘Food Equality Detection Act of 2000’.

SEC. 2. STANDARDS FOR IMPORTED AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS.

    No agricultural product shall be entered into the customs territory of the United States unless the product--

      (1) is subjected to the same control or inspection procedures, and

      (2) meets the same sanitary or phytosanitary standards,

    that apply to that agricultural product if produced in the United States.

SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:

      (1) AGRICULTURAL PRODUCT- The term ‘agricultural product’ means any agricultural commodity, food, feed, fiber, or livestock, and insects, and any product thereof.

      (2) APPROVAL PROCEDURE- The term ‘approval procedure’ means any registration, notification, or other mandatory administrative procedure for granting permissiom for a good or service to be produced, marketed, or used for a stated purpose or under stated conditions.

      (3) CONTROL OR INSPECTION PROCEDURE- The term ‘control or inspection procedure’ means any procedure used, directly or indirectly, to determine that a sanitary or phytosanitary measure is fulfilled, including sampling, testing, inspection, evaluation, verification, monitoring, auditing, assurance of conformity, accreditation, registration, certification, or other procedure involving the physical examination of a good, of the packaging of a good, or of the equipment or facilities directly related to production, marketing, or use of a good, but does not mean an approval procedure.

      (4) SANITARY OR PHYTOSANITARY MEASURE-

        (A) IN GENERAL- The term ‘sanitary or phytosanitary measure’ means a measure to--

          (i) protect animal or plant life or health in the United States from risks arising from the introduction, establishment, or spread of a pest or disease;

          (ii) protect human or animal life or health in the United States from risks arising from the presence of an additive, contaminant, toxin, or disease-causing organism in a food, beverage, or feedstuff;

          (iii) protect human life or health in the United States from risks arising from a disease-causing organism or pest carried by an animal or plant, or a product thereof; or

          (iv) prevent or limit other damage in the United States arising from the introduction, establishment, or spread of a pest.

        (B) FORM- The form of a sanitary or phytosanitary measure includes--

          (i) end product criteria;

          (ii) a product-related processing or production method;

          (iii) a testing, inspection, certification, or approval procedure;

          (iv) a relevant statistical method;

          (v) a sampling procedure;

          (vi) a method of risk assessment;

          (vii) a packaging and labeling requirement directly related to food safety; and

          (viii) a quarantine treatment, such as a relevant requirement associated with the transportation of animals or plants or with material necessary for their survival during transportation.

      (5) SANITARY OR PHYTOSANITARY STANDARD- The term ‘sanitary or phytosanitary standard’ means a standard intended to form a basis for a sanitary or phytosanitary measure.