< Back to H.R. 4346 (106th Congress, 1999–2000)

Text of the Safe and Successful Schools Act

This bill was introduced on May 2, 2000, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted. The text of the bill below is as of May 2, 2000 (Introduced).

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HR 4346 IH

106th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 4346

To modernize public schools, reduce class sizes, increase access to technology, enhance school safety, improve teacher quality and strengthen accountability for academic results, and for other purposes.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

May 2, 2000

Mr. CLAY (for himself, Mr. GEPHARDT, Mr. BONIOR, Mr. GEORGE MILLER of California, Mr. KILDEE, Mr. MARTINEZ, Mr. OWENS, Mr. PAYNE, Mrs. MINK of Hawaii, Mr. ANDREWS, Mr. SCOTT, Ms. WOOLSEY, Mr. ROMERO-BARCELO, Mr. FATTAH, Mr. HINOJOSA, Mrs. MCCARTHY of New York, Mr. TIERNEY, Mr. KIND, Ms. SANCHEZ, Mr. FORD, Mr. KUCINICH, Mr. WU, Mr. HOLT, and Mr. JEFFERSON) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and the Workforce


A BILL

To modernize public schools, reduce class sizes, increase access to technology, enhance school safety, improve teacher quality and strengthen accountability for academic results, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; REFERENCE.

    (a) SHORT TITLE- This Act may be cited as the ‘Safe and Successful Schools Act’.

    (b) REFERENCES- Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in this Act an amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal of, a title, chapter, part, subpart, section, subsection, or other provision, the reference shall be considered to be made to a title, chapter, part, subpart, section, subsection, or other provision of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

SEC. 2. STATE MEASURES.

    (a) BASIC PROGRAM- Section 1111(b)(8) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 is amended--

      (1) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the following:

        ‘(B) what specific steps the State educational agency will take to assist schools and local educational agencies that receive funds under this part to ensure that all students enrolled in such schools and local educational agencies reach, at a minimum, the proficient level of performance;’; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following:

        ‘(C) the actions the State will take to ensure that critical education services and resources are available in local educational agencies that receive funds under this part to the extent that such services are available in local educational agencies that do not receive funds under this part;

        ‘(D) whether services in local educational agencies that receive funds under this part are of comparable quality to the services in local educational agencies that do not receive funds under this part;

        ‘(E) at a minimum--

          ‘(i) the rates at which class sections are taught by experienced and fully qualified teachers in local educational agencies receiving funds under this part, compared to local educational agencies not receiving funds under this part;

          ‘(ii) curriculum, in terms of both the range of courses offered, and the opportunity to participate in rigorous courses, including advanced placement (AP) courses in local educational agencies receiving funds under this part, compared to local educational agencies not receiving funds under this part; and

          ‘(iii) the quality and availability of instructional materials and instructional resources including technology in local educational agencies receiving funds under this part, compared to local educational agencies not receiving funds under this part; and

        ‘(F) the measures that the State educational agency will use annually to measure and publicly report progress regarding clauses (i) through (iii) of subparagraph (E).’.

    (b) REQUIREMENTS- Section 1120A(c)(2) of the Act is amended to read as follows:

      ‘(2) CRITERIA FOR MEETING COMPARABILITY REQUIREMENT- ’;

        ‘(A) APPROVAL- To meet the requirement of paragraph (1), a local educational agency shall obtain the State educational agency’s approval of a comprehensive plan to ensure comparability in the use of State and local funds and educational services among its schools receiving funds under this part and its other schools with respect to:

          ‘(i) the rates at which class sections are taught by experienced and fully qualified teachers;

          ‘(ii) curriculum, in terms of both the range of courses offered, and the opportunity to participate in rigorous courses including advanced placement (AP) courses; and

          ‘(iii) the quality and availability of instructional materials and instructional resources including technology.’

        ‘(B) EXCLUSION- A local educational agency need not include unpredictable changes in student enrollment or personnel assignments that occur after the beginning of a school year in determining comparability of services under this subsection.

        ‘(C) REQUIREMENTS- Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), a local educational agency may continue to meet the requirement of paragraph (1) by complying with subparagraph (A) as such subparagraph was in effect on the day preceding the date of enactment of the Safe and Successful Schools Act, except that each local educational agency shall be required to comply with subparagraph (A), as amended by such Act not later than July 1, 2002.’; and

    (c) RECORDS- Section 1120A(b)(3)(B) of the Act is amended by striking ‘biennially’ and inserting ‘annually’.

SEC. 3. READING AND LITERACY.

    Section 2260 of the Act is amended--

      (1) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated $1,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2001 each of the 4 subsequent fiscal years to carry out this part’; and

      (2) by striking subsection (c).

SEC. 4. TECHNOLOGY FOR EDUCATION.

    Title III of the Act is amended to read as follows:

‘TITLE III--TECHNOLOGY FOR EDUCATION

‘SEC. 3001. SHORT TITLE.

    ‘This title may be cited as the ‘Technology for Education Act’.

‘SEC. 3002. FINDINGS.

    ‘The Congress finds that--

      ‘(1) technology can--

        ‘(A) support education improvement efforts by expanding available resources and reshaping instruction, teaching, and learning environments; and

        ‘(B) when used effectively and aligned with challenging State academic content and performance standards, support teacher capacity to create classrooms where students develop higher-order thinking and information technology skills;

      ‘(2) the cost of processing storing, and transmitting information continues to plummet, making new advances in computer and telecommunications technology more available to schools;

      ‘(3) by providing students with a rapidly expanding educational resource base, and a unique means of developing content knowledge, improvements in software and other technology applications (such as high-quality video, voice recognition, modeling and simulation, and intelligent tutoring and virtual reality tools), have increased student opportunities for meaningful exploration and discovery;

      ‘(4) the Federal Government--

        ‘(A) has played an integral role in expanding and improving access to technology as an important tool for teaching and learning; and

        ‘(B) can continue to serve as a catalyst in bringing effective uses for education technology to the classroom by providing support for--

          ‘(i) access to technology;

          ‘(ii) the development of educational software and web-based learning resources; and

          ‘(iii) sustained and intensive, high-quality professional development that is aligned with challenging State academic content and performance standards;

      ‘(5) professional development programs for prospective teachers and current teachers should be refocused to strengthen the ability of such teachers to integrate technology across the curriculum;

      ‘(6) policies at the Federal, State, and local levels concerning technology in education must address disparities in the availability of technology to different groups of students, give priority to serving students in greatest need, and recognize that educational telecommunications and technology can address educational equalization concerns and school restructuring needs by providing universal access to high-quality teaching and programs, particularly in urban and rural areas;

      ‘(7) technology can enhance the ongoing professional development of teachers and administrators by providing constant access to updated research in teaching and learning by means of telecommunications, and, through exposure to technology advancements, keep teachers and administrators excited and knowledgeable about unfolding opportunities for the classroom;

      ‘(8) schools need new ways of financing the acquisition, maintenance, and on-going support of educational technology;

      ‘(9) technology can provide students, parents, teachers, other education professionals, communities, and industry with increased opportunities for partnerships and with increased access to information, instruction, and educational services in schools and other settings, including homes, libraries, preschool and child-care facilities, adult and family education programs, and postsecondary institutions;

      ‘(10) poor children are less likely than their wealthier peers to have access to a computer at home, and to attend a school in which teachers use technology to develop technical and higher-order thinking skills;

      ‘(11) Federal support can ease the burden at the State and local levels by enabling the acquisition of advanced technology and initiating the development of teacher training and support as well as new educational products;

      ‘(12) public schools have made significant progress toward meeting the goal of connecting every school to the Internet, with the percentage of schools that are connected to the Internet increasing from 35 percent in 1994 to 89 percent in 1998 and nearly doubling between 1997 and 1998, but a gap continues to exist between wealthy and poor schools in the extent to which classrooms are connected to the Internet and the manner in which technology is used to support instruction;

      ‘(13) the rapidly changing nature of technology, among other factors, requires the Department to maintain a leadership role in developing a national vision and strategies for bringing effective technology applications and practices to all classrooms and all educational programs through such activities as--

        ‘(A) developing and carrying out a strategy for an ongoing evaluation of existing and anticipated future uses of educational technology to better inform the Federal role in supporting the use of educational technology, stimulate reform and innovation in teaching and learning with technology, and further the development of advanced technology;

        ‘(B) evaluating and assessing technology programs;

        ‘(C) disseminating information;

        ‘(D) coordinating with public and private partnerships; and

        ‘(E) convening expert panels to identify effective uses of educational technology;

      ‘(14) technology has the potential to assist and support the improvement of teaching and learning in schools and other settings;

      ‘(15) because girls of all ethnicities consistently rate themselves significantly lower than boys on computer ability, and are less likely to experiment with technology and enroll in advanced computer science courses, the Federal Government should encourage States, local educational agencies, and teachers to consider the needs of girls and women to obtain technical proficiency and expose girls and women to careers in technology, so that they can compete in an increasingly technological society;

      ‘(16) the Federal Government should support efforts to ensure the accessibility of all educational technology, not just assistive technology, to students with disabilities through strategies such as universal design;

      ‘(17) although 25 States have some requirement for computer education for teacher licensure, only two States require teacher candidates to show that they can use technology, and only three States require participation in technology training, as a prerequisite for license renewal; and

      ‘(18) according to a 1998 National Center for Education Statistics survey, only 20 percent of full-time K-12 teachers feel fully prepared to integrate technology into classroom instruction.

‘SEC. 3003. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.

    ‘The purpose of this title is to help all students to develop technical and higher-order thinking skills and to achieve to challenging State academic content and performance standards, as well as America’s Education Goals, by--

      ‘(1) helping to provide all classrooms with access to educational technology through support for the acquisition of advanced multimedia computers, Internet connections, and other technologies;

      ‘(2) helping to ensure access to, and effective use of, educational technology in all classrooms through the provision of sustained and intensive, high-quality professional development that improves teachers capability to integrate educational technology effectively into their classrooms and instructional practices by actively engaging students and teachers in the use of technology;

      ‘(3) helping to improve the capability of teachers to design and construct new learning experiences using technology, and actively engage students in that design and construction;

      ‘(4) supporting efforts by State educational agencies and local educational agencies to create learning environments designed to prepare students to achieve to challenging State academic content and performance standards through the use of research-based teaching practices and advanced technologies;

      ‘(5) supporting technical assistance to State educational agencies, local educational agencies, and communities to help them use technology-based resources and information systems to support school reform and meet the needs of students and teachers;

      ‘(6) supporting the development of applications that make use of such technologies as advanced telecommunications, hand-held devices, web-based learning resources, distance learning networks, and modeling and simulation software;

      ‘(7) supporting Federal partnerships with business and industry to realize more rapidly the potential of digital communications to expand the scope of, and opportunities for, learning;

      ‘(8) supporting evaluation and research on the effective use of technology in preparing all students to achieve to challenging State academic content and performance standards, and on the impact of technology on teaching and learning;

      ‘(9) providing national leadership to stimulate and coordinate public and private efforts, at the national, State, and local levels, that support the development and integration of advanced technologies and applications to improve school planning and classroom instruction;-

      ‘(10) supporting the development, or redesign, of teacher preparation programs to enable prospective teachers to integrate the use of technology into teaching and learning;

      ‘(11) increasing the capacity of State and local educational agencies to improve student achievement, particularly that of students in high-poverty, low-performing schools;

      ‘(12) promoting the formation of partnerships and consortia to stimulate the development of, and new uses for, technology in teaching and learning;

      ‘(13) supporting the creation or expansion of community technology centers that will provide disadvantaged families of economically distressed urban and rural communities with access to information technology and related training;

      ‘(14) helping to ensure that technology is accessible to, and usable by, all students, particularly students with disabilities or limited English proficiency; and

      ‘(15) supporting the development and use of education technology to enhance and facilitate meaningful parental involvement.

‘SEC. 3004. DEFINITIONS.

    ‘For purposes of this title--

      ‘(1) the term ‘adult education’ has the same meaning given such term by section 203 of the Adult Education and Family Literacy Act;

      ‘(2) the term ‘all students’ means students from a broad range of backgrounds and circumstances, including disadvantaged students, students with diverse racial, ethnic, and cultural backgrounds, students with disabilities, students with limited English proficiency, students who have dropped out of school, and academically talented students;

      ‘(3) the term ‘information infrastructure’ means a network of communication systems designed to exchange information among all citizens and residents of the United States;

      ‘(4) the term ‘instructional programming’ means the full range of audio and video data, text, graphics, or additional state-of-the-art communications, including multimedia based resources distributed through interactive, command and control, or passive methods for the purpose of education and instruction;

      ‘(5) the term ‘interoperable’ means the ability to exchange easily data with, and connect to, other hardware and software in order to provide the greatest accessibility for all students and other users;

      ‘(6) the term ‘public telecommunications entity’ has the same meaning given to such term by section 397(12) of the Communications Act of 1934;

      ‘(7) the term ‘regional educational laboratory’ means a regional educational laboratory supported under section 941(h) of the Educational Research, Development, Dissemination, and Improvement Act of 1994;

      ‘(8) the term ‘State educational agency’ includes the Bureau of Indian Affairs for purposes of serving schools funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs in accordance with this part;

      ‘(9) the term ‘State library administrative agency’ has the same meaning given to such term in section 213 of the Library Services and Technology Act; and

      ‘(10) the term ‘technology’ means state-of-the-art technology products and services, such as closed circuit television systems, educational television and radio programs and services, cable television, satellite, copper and fiber optic transmission, computer hardware and software, video and audio laser and CD-ROM discs, and video and audio tapes.

‘SEC. 3005. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ‘(a) PART A--NATIONAL LONG-RANGE TECHNOLOGY PLAN AND ACTIVITIES- There are authorized to be appropriated $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the four succeeding fiscal years to carry out part A.

    ‘(b) PART B--STATE AND LOCAL PROGRAM FOR SCHOOL TECHNOLOGY RESOURCES-

      (1) TECHNOLOGY LITERACY CHALLENGE FUND- There are authorized to be appropriated $500,000,000 for fiscal year 2001 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the four succeeding fiscal years to carry out subpart 1 of part B.

      ‘(2) SUBPART 2--NEXT GENERATION TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION AWARDS- There are authorized to be appropriated $200,000,000 for fiscal year 2001 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the four succeeding fiscal years to carry out subpart 2 of part B.

    ‘(c) PART C--PREPARING TOMORROW’S TEACHERS TO USE TECHNOLOGY- There are authorized to be appropriated $150,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the four succeeding fiscal years to carry out part C.

    ‘(d) PART D--GETTING OUR GIRLS READY FOR THE 21ST CENTURY ACT (GO-GIRL ACT)- There are authorized to be appropriated $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years to carry out part D.

    ‘(e) PART E--LIBRARY RESOURCES- There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2001 and each of the four succeeding fiscal years to carry out part E.

    ‘(f) PART F--SPECIAL PROJECTS OF NATIONAL SIGNIFICANCE- There are authorized to be appropriated--

      ‘(1) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the four succeeding fiscal years to carry out subpart 1 of part F;

      ‘(2) $100,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the four succeeding fiscal years to carry out subpart 2 of part F;

      ‘(3) $16,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the four succeeding fiscal years to carry out subpart 3 of part F;

      ‘(4) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the four succeeding fiscal years to carry out subpart 4 of part F; and

      ‘(5) $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the four succeeding fiscal years to carry out subpart 5 of part F.

‘PART A--NATIONAL LONG-RANGE TECHNOLOGY PLAN AND ACTIVITIES

‘SEC. 3111. NATIONAL LONG-RANGE TECHNOLOGY PLAN.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall update, not later than 12 months after the date of the enactment of the Safe and Successful Schools Act, and update subsequently when the Secretary determines appropriate, the national long-range plan that supports the overall national technology policy and carries out the purposes of this part. The Secretary shall disseminate such plan to State educational agencies, local educational agencies, the public, and other interested parties.

    ‘(b) PLAN REQUIREMENTS- The Secretary shall--

      ‘(1) update the national long-range plan in consultation with other Federal departments or agencies, State and local education practitioners and policymakers, experts in technology and the applications of technology to education, representatives of distance learning consortia, and providers of technology services and products;

      ‘(2) transmit such plan to the President and to the appropriate committees of the Congress; and

      ‘(3) publish such plan in a form that is readily accessible to the public.

    ‘(c) CONTENTS OF THE PLAN- The national long-range plan shall describe the Secretary’s activities to promote the purpose of this title, including--

      ‘(1) how the Secretary will encourage the effective use of technology to provide all students the opportunity to achieve State content standards and State student performance standards, especially through programs administered by the Department;

      ‘(2) joint activities in support of the overall national technology policy with other Federal departments or agencies, such as the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the National Endowment for the Arts, the National Institute for Literacy, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Science Foundation, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and the Departments of Commerce, Energy, Health and Human Services, and Labor--

        ‘(A) to promote the use of technology in education, training, and lifelong learning, including plans for the educational uses of a national information infrastructure; and

        ‘(B) to ensure that the policies and programs of such departments or agencies facilitate the use of technology for educational purposes, to the extent feasible;

      ‘(3) how the Secretary will work with educators, State and local educational agencies, parents, and appropriate representatives of the private sector to facilitate the effective use of technology in education;

      ‘(4) how the Secretary will promote--

        ‘(A) higher achievement of all students through the integration of technology into the curriculum;

        ‘(B) increased access to the benefits of technology for teaching and learning for schools with high numbers or percentages of children from low-income families;

        ‘(C) the use of technology to assist in the implementation of State systemic reform strategies;

        ‘(D) the application of technological advances to uses in education;

        ‘(E) increased access to high-quality adult and family education services through the use of technology for instruction and professional development;

        ‘(F) increased opportunities for the professional development of teachers in the use of new technologies; and

        ‘(G) increased parental involvement in schools through the use of technology;

      ‘(5) how the Secretary will determine, in consultation with appropriate individuals, organizations, industries, and agencies, the feasibility and desirability of establishing guidelines to facilitate an easy exchange of data and the effective use of technology in education;

      ‘(6) how the Secretary will promote the exchange of information among States, local educational agencies, schools, consortia, and other entities concerning the effective use of technology in education;

      ‘(7) how the Secretary will utilize the outcomes of the evaluation undertaken pursuant to section 3113 to promote the purpose of this part; and

      ‘(8) the Secretary’s long-range measurable goals and objectives relating to the purpose of this part.

‘SEC. 3112. FEDERAL LEADERSHIP.

    ‘(a) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED- In order to provide Federal leadership in promoting the use of technology in education, the Secretary, in consultation with the National Science Foundation, the Department of Commerce, the White House Office of Science and Technology, and other appropriate Federal agencies, may carry out activities designed to achieve the purpose of this part directly or by awarding grants or contracts competitively and pursuant to a peer review process to, or entering into contracts with, State educational agencies, local educational agencies, institutions of higher education, or other public and private nonprofit or for-profit agencies or organizations.

    ‘(b) ASSISTANCE-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall provide assistance to the States to enable such States to plan effectively for the use of technology in all schools throughout the State.

      ‘(2) OTHER FEDERAL AGENCIES- For the purpose of carrying out coordinated or joint activities consistent with the purpose of this part, the Secretary may accept funds from, and transfer funds to, other Federal agencies.

    ‘(c) USES OF FUNDS- The Secretary shall use funds made available to carry out this section for activities designed to carry out the purpose of this part, such as--

      ‘(1) providing development grants to technical assistance providers, to enable such providers to improve substantially the services such providers offer to educators on the educational uses of technology, including professional development;

      ‘(2) consulting with representatives of industry, elementary and secondary education, higher education, adult and family education, and appropriate experts in technology and educational applications of technology in carrying out activities under this title;

      ‘(3) the development of a national repository of information on the effective uses of educational technology, including its use for sustained and intensive, high-quality professional development, and the nationwide dissemination of that information;

      ‘(4) research on, and the development of, applications for education of the most advanced and newly emerging technologies and such research shall be coordinated, when appropriate, with the Office of Educational Research and Improvement, and other Federal agencies;

      ‘(5) the development, demonstration, and evaluation of the educational aspects of high performance computing and communications technologies and of the national information infrastructure, in providing professional development for teachers, school librarians, and other educators; enriching academic curricula for elementary and secondary schools; facilitating communications among schools, local educational agencies, libraries, parents, and local communities and in other such areas as the Secretary deems appropriate;

      ‘(6) the development, demonstration, and evaluation of applications of technology and innovative tools in preschool education, elementary and secondary education, vocational and professional training and lifelong learning, and professional development of educational personnel;

      ‘(7) the development and evaluation of software and other products, including multimedia television programming, that incorporate advances in technology and help achieve America’s Education Goals, State content standards and State student performance standards;

      ‘(8) the development, demonstration, and evaluation of model strategies for preparing teachers and other personnel to use technology effectively to improve teaching and learning;

      ‘(9) the development of model programs that demonstrate the educational effectiveness of technology in urban and rural areas and economically distressed communities;

      ‘(10) research on, and the evaluation of, the effectiveness and benefits of technology in education;

      ‘(11) a biennial assessment of, and report to the public regarding, the uses of technology in elementary and secondary education throughout the United States upon which private businesses and Federal, State, tribal, and local governments may rely for decisionmaking about the need for, and provision of, appropriate technologies in schools, and such assessment and report shall use, to the extent possible, existing information and resources;

      ‘(12) conferences on, and dissemination of information regarding, the uses of technology in education;

      ‘(13) the development of model strategies to promote gender equity concerning access to, and the use of, technology in the classroom;

      ‘(14) encouraging collaboration between the Department and other Federal agencies in the development, implementation, evaluation and funding of applications of technology for education, as appropriate;

      ‘(15) the development, demonstration, and evaluation of model technology programs designed to improve parental involvement;

      ‘(16) other activities the Secretary determines will meet the purpose of this title; and

      ‘(17) programs which provide laptop computers to children in grades 3 through 12 in schools in low-income areas that provide ongoing training for teachers, parents, and children in hardware and software use.

    ‘(d) NON-FEDERAL SHARE-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), the Secretary may require any recipient of a grant or contract under this section to share in the cost of the activities assisted under such grant or contract, and such non-Federal share shall be announced through a notice in the Federal Register and may be in the form of cash or in-kind contributions, fairly valued.

      ‘(2) INCREASE- The Secretary may increase the non-Federal share that is required of a recipient of a grant or contract under this section after the first year such recipient receives funds under such grant or contract.

      ‘(3) MAXIMUM- The non-Federal share required under this section shall not exceed 50 percent of the cost of the activities assisted pursuant to a grant or contract under this section.

‘SEC. 3113. NATIONAL EVALUATION OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY.

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- In order to support the use of educational technology, stimulate reform and innovation in teaching and learning with technology, and enhance the development of more advanced and new types and applications of such technology, the Secretary shall--

        ‘(A) develop, within 12 months of the date of enactment of the Safe and Successful Schools Act, a strategy for an ongoing evaluation of existing and anticipated future uses of educational technology; and

        ‘(B) carry out such an evaluation.

      ‘(2) ACTIVITIES AUTHORIZED- From the funds provided under 3005(a), the Secretary may--

        ‘(A) conduct long-term controlled studies on the effectiveness of the uses of educational technology;

        ‘(B) convene panels of experts to--

          ‘(i) identify uses of educational technology that hold the greatest promise for improving teaching and learning;

          ‘(ii) assist the Secretary with the review and assessment of the progress and effectiveness of projects that are funded under this title; and

          ‘(iii) identify barriers to the commercial development of effective, high-quality, cost-competitive educational technology and software;

        ‘(C) conduct evaluations and applied research studies that examine--

          ‘(i) how students learn using educational technology, whether singularly or in groups, and across age groups, student populations (including students with special needs, such as students with limited English proficiency and students with disabilities) and settings; and

          ‘(ii) the characteristics of classrooms and other educational settings that use educational technology effectively;

        ‘(D) collaborate with other Federal agencies that support research on, and evaluation of, the use of network technology in educational settings; and

        ‘(E) carry out such other activities as the Secretary determines appropriate.

‘PART B--STATE AND LOCAL PROGRAMS FOR SCHOOL TECHNOLOGY RESOURCES

‘SEC. 3201. PURPOSE.

    ‘It is the purpose of this part to increase the capacity of State and local educational agencies to improve student achievement through the use and application of technology, particularly that of students in high-poverty, low-performing schools, and the ability of teachers to integrate technology across the curriculum, by supporting State and local efforts that--

      ‘(1) make effective use of new technologies and technology applications, networks, and electronic learning resources;

      ‘(2) utilize research-based teaching practices that are linked to advanced technologies;

      ‘(3) promote sustained and intensive, high-quality professional development that enables teachers to help students achieve to challenging State content standards and assessments in core academic subjects through the integration of educational technology into instruction;

      ‘(4) disseminate information to local educational agencies and schools about technology and applications, including software, that are aligned to challenging State content standards in core academic subjects; and

      ‘(5) develop standards and performance indicators for students and teachers on the effective use and integration of education technology into the core academic curriculum and methods for measuring program outcomes against indicators.

‘Subpart 1--Technology Literacy Challenge Fund

‘SEC. 3211. ALLOTMENT AND REALLOTMENT.

    ‘(a) ALLOTMENT-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in paragraph (2), each State educational agency shall be eligible to receive a grant under this subpart for a fiscal year in an amount which bears the same relationship to the amount made available under section 3005(b)(1) for such year as the amount such State received under part A of title I for such year bears to the amount received for such year under such part by all States.

      ‘(2) MINIMUM- No State educational agency (including for purposes of this subpart, the Bureau of Indian Affairs) shall be eligible to receive a grant under paragraph (1) in any fiscal year in an amount which is less than 1/2 of 1 percent of the amount made available under section 3005(b)(1) for such year, except that this minimum shall apply to the aggregate of grants received under this subpart by the outlying areas for a fiscal year.

    ‘(b) REALLOTMENT OF UNUSED FUNDS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The amount of any State educational agency’s allotment under subsection (a) for any fiscal year which the Secretary determines will not be required for such fiscal year to carry out this subpart shall be available for reallotment from time to time, on such dates during such year as the Secretary may determine, to other State educational agencies in proportion to the original allotments to such State educational agencies under subsection (a) for such year, but with such proportionate amount for any of such other State educational agencies being reduced to the extent such amount exceeds the sum the Secretary estimates such State needs and will be able to use for such year.

      ‘(2) OTHER REALLOTMENTS- The total of reductions under paragraph (1) shall be similarly reallotted among the State educational agencies whose proportionate amounts were not so reduced.

‘SEC. 3212. GRANT AWARDS.

    ‘(a) GRANTS TO STATES-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- From amounts made available under section 3211, the Secretary, through the Office of Educational Technology, shall award grants to State educational agencies having applications approved under section 3213.

      ‘(2) USE OF GRANTS-

        ‘(A) Each State educational agency that receives a grant under paragraph (1) shall use--

          ‘(i) not less than 95 percent of the grant funds to award, on a competitive basis, subgrants to eligible local applicants, as defined in section 3216(1), for use in creating learning environments designed to prepare all students, including students with disabilities or limited English proficiency, to achieve to challenging State academic content and performance standards through the use of research-based teaching practices, integration of technology into the curriculum and advanced technologies for activities described in section 3214; and

          ‘(ii) subject to subparagraph (C), the remainder of the grant funds for administrative costs and technical assistance, and the development and updating of the State technology plan.

        ‘(B) In awarding grants under subparagraph (A)(i), each State educational agency shall--

          ‘(i) ensure that each such grant is of sufficient duration, and of sufficient size, scope, and quality, to carry out the purposes of this part effectively; and

          ‘(ii) shall give priority to an eligible local applicant that is a partnership that meets the requirements of section 3216(1)(B).

        ‘(C) From funds described in subparagraph (A)(i), a State educational agency may use not more than 2 percent of the grant funds received by that agency under this subpart to provide planning subgrants to eligible local applicants in order to assist them to develop strategic long-term local technology plans that shall be included in the application for a subgrant under section 3215.

    ‘(b) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE- Each State educational agency receiving a grant under subsection (a) shall--

      ‘(1) identify the local educational agencies in the State educational agency that--

        ‘(A) have the highest number or percentage of children in poverty; and

        ‘(B) demonstrate to such State educational agency the greatest need for technical assistance in developing the application under section 3215; and

      ‘(2) offer technical assistance to such local educational agencies in--

        ‘(A) developing applications under section 3215;

        ‘(B) forming partnerships among the entities described in section 3216(1)(B); and

        ‘(C) meeting the standards and performance indicators as described in section 3213(a)(5).

‘SEC. 3213. STATE APPLICATION.

    ‘(a) To receive funds under this subpart, each State educational agency shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may reasonably require. As part of its application, a State educational agency shall submit a new or updated statewide educational technology plan. The plan shall demonstrate how it will be coordinated with and support the State plan or policies for comprehensive standards-based education reform, and shall describe--

      ‘(1) the State educational agency’s long-term strategies for financing educational technology in the State, including how the State educational agency will use other sources of Federal and non-Federal funds, including the E-rate, for this purpose;

      ‘(2) the State educational agency’s criteria for identifying local educational agencies under section 3216(1)(A) and how the State educational agency will report to the public the criteria to be used and the outcome of the competition under section 3212(a)(2)(A)(i);

      ‘(3) the State educational agency’s specific goals for using advanced technologies to improve student achievement to challenging State academic content and performance standards by--

        ‘(A) using web-based resources and telecommunications networks to provide challenging content and improve classroom instruction;

        ‘(B) using research-based teaching practices and models of effective uses of advanced technology to promote basic skills in core academic areas and higher-order thinking skills in all students; and

        ‘(C) promoting sustained and intensive high-quality professional development that increases teacher capacity to enable students to learn to challenging State content and performance standards and develop higher-order thinking skills through the integration of technology into instruction;

      ‘(4) the strategy of the State educational agency for disseminating information, or arranging for other qualified entities with the appropriate experience to provide technical assistance, regarding software and other technology applications that are aligned to the content standards in core academic subjects of the States;

      ‘(5) the State educational agency’s performance indicators for each of the strategies and goals described in paragraphs (1) and (3) and included in its plan, baseline performance data for the indicators, a timeline for achieving the goals, and interim measures of success toward achieving the goals;

      ‘(6) how the State educational agency will ensure that grants to eligible local applicants are of sufficient size, scope, and quality to meet the purposes of this subpart effectively;

      ‘(7) how the State educational agency will provide technical assistance to eligible local applicants, and its capacity for providing such assistance;

      ‘(8) how the State educational agency will ensure that educational technology is accessible to, and usable by all students, including students with special needs, such as students who have disabilities or limited English proficiency;

      ‘(9) how the State educational agency will ensure the ongoing integration of technology across the curriculum used by its local educational agencies and schools in all such schools in the State by September 30, 2005; and

      ‘(10) how the State educational agency will evaluate its activities under the plan as it relates to its specific goals as described in paragraph (3), including its impact on student achievement for all students, and the ability of teachers to integrate technology into the core academic curriculum.

    ‘(b) APPROVAL OF STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY APPLICATION- The Secretary shall review the application of a State educational agency for assistance under this subpart and shall approve the application, unless the Secretary makes a determination in writing that such application does not meet the specific requirements of this subpart or does not show reasonable promise of achieving its goals.

‘SEC. 3214. LOCAL USES OF FUNDS.

    ‘Each eligible local applicant, having an approved application under section 3215, shall, consistent with such application, use funds made available under section 3212(a)(2)(A)(i) for 1 or more of the following activities:

      ‘(1)(A) Adapting or expanding existing and new applications of technology to enable teachers to help students to achieve to challenging State academic content and student performance standards through the use of research-based teaching practices and advanced technologies; and

      ‘(B) integrating technology across the curriculum.

      ‘(2) Providing sustained and intensive, high-quality professional development in the integration of advanced technologies across the curriculum and in using those technologies to create enriching learning environments, including training in the use of technology to access data and resources to develop curricula and instructional materials that are aligned to the challenging State academic content standards in core academic subjects.

      ‘(3) Enabling teachers to use the Internet to communicate with other teachers, parents, and students, and retrieve web-based learning resources.

      ‘(4) Using technology to enable teachers and administrators to collect manage, and analyze data to identify strengths and weaknesses in academic, performance to improve school reform efforts.

      ‘(5) Acquiring wireless telecommunications, hand-held devices, modeling or simulation tools, distance learning networks, and other advanced technologies with classroom applications.

      ‘(6) Acquiring proven and effective technology-based curricular programs that will help students to achieve to challenging State academic content and student performance standards, including programs that enable family and parental access to advanced telecommunications, and support communications between families, parents and schools.

      ‘(7) Acquiring proven and effective curricula that includes integrated technology and are designed to help students achieve to challenging State academic content and student performance standards.

      ‘(8) Acquiring wiring and access to advanced telecommunications.

      ‘(9) Using web-based learning resources, including those that provide access to challenging courses such as Advanced Placement courses.

      ‘(10) Assisting schools to use technology to promote parent and family involvement, and support communications between family and school.

      ‘(11) Utilizing technology to develop or expand efforts to connect schools and teachers with parents to promote meaningful parental involvement and foster increased communication about curriculum, assignments, and assessments.

      ‘(12) Providing support to help parents understand the technology being applied in their children’s education so such parents will be able to reinforce their children’s learning.

‘SEC. 3215. LOCAL APPLICATIONS.

    ‘Each eligible local applicant desiring assistance from a State educational agency under this subpart shall submit an application, consistent with the objectives of the systemic statewide plan, to the State educational agency at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the State educational agency may reasonably require. Such application, at a minimum, shall--

      ‘(1) include a strategic, long-range (3- to 5-year), plan that includes--

        ‘(A) a description of how the applicant plans to improve the achievement of all students by--

          ‘(i) making effective use of new technologies, networks, and electronic learning resources;

          ‘(ii) using research-based teaching practices and models of effective uses of advanced technology to promote basic skills in core academic areas and higher-order thinking skills;

          ‘(iii) promoting sustained and intensive, high quality professional development that increases teacher capacity to enable students to learn to challenging State content and performance standards and develop higher-order thinking skills through the integration of technology into instruction; and

          ‘(iv) the steps that will be taken to inform parents of the use of technologies in their children’s education so that parents will be able to reinforce at home the instruction their children receive in school;

        ‘(B) an explanation of how the acquired technologies will be integrated into the curriculum to help the local educational agency that is the eligible local applicant under section 3216(1)(A) or is a member of a partnership described in section 3216(1)(B), enhance teaching, training, and student achievement;

        ‘(C) a description of the applicant’s goals regarding the use of educational technology that are consistent with the performance indicators of the State described under section 3213(a)(5), as well as the applicant’s baseline data, timelines, benchmarks, and indicators of success for meeting those goals;

        ‘(D) a description of how the applicant will ensure sustained and intensive, high-quality professional development for teachers, administrators, and other educational personnel to further the effective use of technology in the classroom and the integration of technology into instructional practices;

        ‘(E) a description of the administrative and technical support that the applicant will provide schools;

        ‘(F) the projected timetable for implementing such plan in schools;

        ‘(G) the projected cost of technologies to be acquired and related expenses needed to implement such plan;

        ‘(H) a description of the applicant’s strategy for financing its strategic, long-term local technology plan, including the use of other Federal and non-Federal funds, and how the plan will be coordinated with other technology initiatives;

        ‘(I) a description of how the applicant will use advanced technology to promote communication between teachers for activities such as--

          ‘(i) sharing examples of student work;

          ‘(ii) developing instructional strategies that promote basic skills in core academic areas and higher-order thinking skills in all students;

          ‘(iii) developing challenging curricula aligned with State or local standards; and

          ‘(iv) using data to improve teaching and learning; and

        ‘(J) a description of how the applicant will use technology to improve the teaching and learning of students with special needs, such as students with disabilities or limited English proficiency;

      ‘(2) describe how the eligible local applicant will involve parents, public libraries, business leaders and community leaders in the development of the plan described in paragraph (1);

      ‘(3) describe how the acquired instructionally based technologies will help the local educational agency that is the eligible local applicant under section 3216(1)(A), or is a member of a partnership described in section 3216(1)(B) and meets the requirements of section 3216(1)(A)--

        ‘(A) promote equity in education in order to support State content standards and State student performance standards that may be developed; and

        ‘(B) provide access for teachers, parents, and students to the best teaching practices and curriculum resources through technology;

      ‘(4) describe a process for the ongoing evaluation of how technologies acquired under this section--

        ‘(A) will be integrated into the school curriculum and instructional practices of teachers of the school; and

        ‘(B) will affect student achievement and progress toward meeting America’s Education Goals and any challenging State content standards and State student performance standards that may be developed;

      ‘(5) describe how the applicant will use subgrant funds to benefit low-performing schools in integrating technology into the curriculum of such schools;

      ‘(6) describe how the applicant will ensure that technology is accessible to, and usable by, all students, particularly students with disabilities or limited English proficiency;

      ‘(7) include an assurance that, before any funds received under this subpart are used to acquire wiring or access to advanced telecommunications, the applicant will use all appropriate resources available to it through the E-Rate;

      ‘(8) describe how the eligible local applicant will provide for an independent evaluation of the program funded under this subpart and how such evaluation will be used for program improvement; and

      ‘(9) if the applicant is a partnership, describe the members of the partnership, their respective roles, and their respective contributions to improving the capacity of the local educational agency.

‘SEC. 3216. DEFINITIONS.

    For purpose of this subpart--

      ‘(1) the term ‘eligible local applicant’ means

        ‘(A) a local educational agency that, as determined by the State educational agency--

          ‘(i) is among the local educational agencies in the State with the highest numbers or percentages of children from households living in poverty;

          ‘(ii) includes one or more low-performing schools; and

          ‘(iii) has a substantial need for assistance in acquiring and using technology; or

        ‘(B) a partnership that includes at least one local educational agency that meets the requirements of subparagraph (A) and at least one--

          ‘(i) local educational agency that can demonstrate that teachers in schools served by that agency are using technology effectively in their classrooms;

          ‘(ii) institution of higher education in full compliance with the reporting requirements of section 207(f) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 and that has not been identified by its State as low performing under section 208 of such Act;

          ‘(iii) for-profit organization that develops, designs, manufactures, or produces technology products or services, or has substantial expertise in the application of technology; or

          ‘(iv) public or private non-profit organization with demonstrated experience in the application of educational technology; and

      ‘(2) the term ‘low-performing school’ means a school identified by the local educational agency for school improvement under section 1116(c) of this Act.

‘Subpart 2--Next-Generation Technology Innovation Awards

‘SEC. 3221. PURPOSE; PROGRAM AUTHORITY.

    ‘(a) PURPOSE- It is the purpose of this subpart to--

      ‘(1) expand the knowledge base about the use of the next generation of advanced computers and telecommunications in delivering new applications for teaching and learning;

      ‘(2) address questions of national significance about the next generation of technology and its use to improve teaching and learning; and

      ‘(3) develop, for wide-scale adoption by State educational agencies and local educational agencies, models of innovative and effective applications of technology to teaching and learning, such as high quality video, voice recognition devices, modeling and simulation software (particularly web-based software and intelligent tutoring), hand-held devices, and virtual reality and wireless technologies, that are aligned with challenging State academic content and student performance standards.

    ‘(b) PROGRAM AUTHORITY-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary is authorized, through the Office of Educational Technology, to award grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements on a competitive basis to eligible applicants in order to carry out the purpose of this subpart.

      ‘(2) PERIOD OF AWARD- The Secretary may award grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements under this subpart for a period of not more than 5 years.

‘SEC. 3222. ELIGIBILITY.

    ‘(a) ELIGIBLE APPLICANTS- In order to receive an award under this subpart, an applicant shall, subject to subsection (c)(1), be a consortium that includes--

      ‘(1) at least one State educational agency or local educational agency; and

      ‘(2) at least one institution of higher education, for-profit business, museum, library, or other public or private entity with a particular expertise that would assist in carrying out the purpose of this subpart.

    ‘(b) APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS- In order to receive an award under this subpart, an eligible applicant shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, and containing such information, as the Secretary may require. Such application shall include--

      ‘(1) a description of the proposed project, and how it would carry out the purpose of this subpart; and

      ‘(2) a detailed plan for the independent evaluation of the project, which shall include benchmarks to monitor progress toward specific project objectives.

    ‘(c) PRIORITIES- In making awards under this subpart, the Secretary may establish one or more priorities consistent with the purpose of this subpart, including--

      ‘(1) a priority for projects that develop innovative models of effective use of educational technology, including the development of distance learning networks, software (including software deliverable through the Internet), and online-learning resources;

      ‘(2) a priority for projects serving more than one State and involving large-scale innovations in the use of technology in education;

      ‘(3) a priority for projects that develop innovative models that serve traditionally underserved populations, including low-income students, students with disabilities, or students with limited English proficiency;

      ‘(4) a priority for projects in which applicants provide substantial financial and other resources to achieve the goals of the project; or

      ‘(5) a priority for projects that develop innovative models for using electronic networks to provide challenging courses, such as Advanced Placement courses.

‘SEC. 3223. USES OF FUNDS.

    A recipient shall use funds awarded under this subpart to--

      ‘(1) develop new applications of educational technologies and telecommunications to support school reform efforts, such as wireless and web-based telecommunications, hand-held devices, web-based learning resources, distributed learning environments (including distance learning networks), and the development of educational software and other applications;

      ‘(2) integrate technology across the curriculum of the State educational agency or local educational agency, depending on the composition of the eligible applicant; and

      ‘(3) carry out other activities consistent with the purpose of this subpart, such as--

        ‘(A) developing innovative models for improving teachers’ ability to integrate technology effectively into course curriculum, through sustained and intensive, high-quality professional development;

        ‘(B) developing high-quality, standards-based, digital content, including multimedia software, digital video, and web-based resources, such as--

          ‘(i) new technological formats to facilitate deeper subject matter understanding in particularly challenging learning environments in areas such as physics, foreign language, or Advanced Placement courses;

          ‘(ii) computer modeling, visualization, and simulation tools;

          ‘(iii) new methods for assessing student performance;

          ‘(iv) web-based and other distance learning curricula and related materials, such as interoperable software components;

          ‘(v) learning-focused digital libraries, information retrieval systems, and other designs for supporting broad re-use of learning content; and

          ‘(vi) software that supports the development, modification, and maintenance of educational materials;

        ‘(C) using telecommunications and other technologies to make programs accessible to students with special needs (such as low-income students, students with disabilities, students in remote areas, and students with limited English proficiency) through such activities as using technology to support mentoring;

        ‘(D) providing classroom and extracurricular opportunities for female students to explore the different uses of technology and gain awareness of careers and opportunities in the technology field;

        ‘(E) promoting school-family partnerships, which may include services for adults and families, particularly parent education programs that provide parents with training, information, and support on how to help their children achieve to high academic standards;

        ‘(F) acquiring connectivity linkages, resources, distance learning networks, and services, including hardware and software, as needed to accomplish the goals of the project; and

        ‘(G) collaborating with other Department and Federal information technology research and development programs.

‘SEC. 3224. EVALUATION.

    The Secretary shall--

      ‘(1) develop tools and provide resources for recipients of funds under this subpart to evaluate their activities;

      ‘(2) provide technical assistance to assist recipients of funds this under subpart in evaluating their projects;

      ‘(3) conduct independent evaluations of the activities assisted under this subpart; and

      ‘(4) disseminate findings and methodologies from evaluations of activities assisted under this subpart, or other information obtained from such projects that would promote the design, replication, or implementation of effective models for evaluating the impact of educational technology on teaching and learning.

‘SEC. 3225. LIMITATION ON COSTS.

    Not more than 5 percent of the funds made available to a recipient under this subpart for any fiscal year may be used by such recipient for administrative costs or technical assistance.

‘SEC. 3226. NON-FEDERAL SHARE.

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), the Secretary may require any recipient of an award under this subpart to share in the cost of the activities assisted under such awards, which non-Federal share shall be announced through a notice in the Federal Register and may be in the form of cash or in-kind contributions, fairly valued.

      ‘(2) INCREASE- The Secretary may increase the non-Federal share that is required of a recipient of an award under this section after the first year such recipient receives funds under such award.

      (3) MAXIMUM- The non-Federal share required under this section shall not exceed 50 percent of the cost of the activities assisted pursuant to an award under this subpart.

‘PART C--PREPARING TOMORROW’S TEACHERS TO USE TECHNOLOGY

‘SEC. 3311. PURPOSE; PROGRAM AUTHORITY.

    ‘(a) PURPOSE- The purpose of this part is to assist consortia of public and private entities in carrying out programs that prepare prospective teachers to use advanced technology to enable all students to achieve to challenging State and local content and student performance standards.

    ‘(b) PROGRAM AUTHORITY-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary is authorized, through the Office of Educational Technology, to award grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements on a competitive basis to eligible applicants in order to assist them in developing or redesigning teacher preparation programs to enable prospective teachers to use technology effectively in their classrooms.

      ‘(2) PERIOD OF AWARD- The Secretary may award grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements under this part for a period of not more than 5 years.

‘SEC. 3312. ELIGIBILITY.

    ‘(a) ELIGIBLE APPLICANTS- In order to receive an award under this part, an eligible applicant shall be a consortium that includes--

      ‘(1) at least one institution of higher education that offers a baccalaureate degree and prepares teachers for their initial entry into teaching, is in full compliance with all of the reporting requirements of section 207(f) of the Higher Education Act of 1965, and has not been identified by the State as low performing under section 208 of such Act;

      ‘(2) at least one State educational agency or local educational agency with a high number or percentage of children in poverty; and

      ‘(3) one or more of the following entities:

        ‘(A) An institution of higher education (other than the institution described in paragraph (1)).

        ‘(B) A school or department of education at an institution of higher education that is in full compliance with all of the reporting requirements of section 207 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 and has not been identified by their state as low performing under section 208 of such Act.

        ‘(C) A school or college of arts and sciences at an institution of higher education that is in full compliance with the reporting requirements of section 207(f) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 and has not bee identified by its State as low performing under section 208 of such Act.

        ‘(D) A professional association, foundation, museum, library, for-profit business, public or private nonprofit organization, community-based organization, or other entity with the demonstrated capacity to contribute to the technology-related reform of teacher preparation programs.

    ‘(b) APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS- In order to receive an award under this part, an eligible applicant shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, and containing such information, as the Secretary may require. Such application shall include--

      ‘(1) a description of the proposed project and how the project shall--

        ‘(A) ensure that individuals participating in the project would be prepared to use technology to enable all students to achieve to challenging State and local content and student performance standards, and integrate such technology into their instructional practices; and

        ‘(B) include the adoption of specific, quantifiable objectives that the program will achieve over the duration of the award;

      ‘(2) a demonstration of--

        ‘(A) the commitment, including the financial commitment, of each of the members of the consortium; and

        ‘(B) the active support of the leadership of each member of the consortium for the proposed project;

      ‘(3) a description of how each member of the consortium would be included in project activities;

      ‘(4) a description of how the proposed project would be continued once the Federal funds awarded under this part end; and

      ‘(5) a plan for the evaluation of the program, which shall include annual measurable benchmarks to monitor progress toward specific project objectives, as described in paragraph (1)(B).

    ‘(c) MATCHING REQUIREMENTS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Federal share of the cost of any project funded under this part shall not exceed 50 percent. Except as provided in paragraph (2), the non-Federal share of such project may be in cash or in kind, fairly evaluated, including services.

      ‘(2) ACQUISITION OF EQUIPMENT- Not more than 10 percent of the funds awarded for a project under this part may be used to acquire equipment, networking capabilities or infrastructure, and the non-Federal share of the cost of any such acquisition shall be in cash.

‘SEC. 3313. USES OF FUNDS.

    ‘(a) REQUIRED USES- A recipient shall use funds under this part for--

      ‘(1) creating programs that enable prospective teachers to use advanced technology to prepare all students to achieve to challenging State and local content and student performance standards in the core academic subjects and integrate such technology into their instructional practices; and

      ‘(2) evaluating the effectiveness of the project.

    ‘(b) PERMISSIBLE USES- A recipient may use funds under this part for activities, described in its application, that carry out the purpose of this part, such as--

      ‘(1) developing and implementing high-quality teacher preparation programs that enable educators to--

        ‘(A) learn the full range of resources that can be accessed through the use of technology;

        ‘(B) integrate a variety of technologies into the classroom in order to expand students’ knowledge;

        ‘(C) evaluate educational technologies and their potential for use in instruction; and

        ‘(D) help students develop their own technical skills and digital learning environments;

      ‘(2) developing alternative teacher development paths that provide elementary and secondary schools with well-prepared, technology-proficient educators;

      ‘(3) developing performance-based standards and aligned assessments to measure the capacity of prospective teachers to use technology effectively in their classrooms;

      ‘(4) providing technical assistance to other teacher preparation programs;

      ‘(5) developing and disseminating resources and information in order to assist institutions of higher education to prepare teachers to use technology effectively in their classrooms; and

      ‘(6) subject to section 3312(c)(2), acquiring equipment, networking capabilities, and infrastructure to carry out the project.

‘PART D--GETTING OUR GIRLS READY FOR THE 21ST CENTURY (GO GIRL)

‘SEC. 3411. FINDINGS.

    ‘Congress finds the following:

      ‘(1) Women have historically been underrepresented in mathematics, science, and technology occupations.

      ‘(2) Female students take fewer high-level mathematics and science courses in high school than male students.

      ‘(3) Female students take far fewer advanced computer classes than male students take and tend to take only basic data entry and word processing classes.

      ‘(4) Female students earn fewer baccalaureate, masters, and doctoral degrees in mathematics, science, and technology than male students.

      ‘(5) Early career exploration is key to choosing a career.

      ‘(6) Teachers’ attitudes, methods of teaching, and classroom atmosphere affect female student’s interest in nontraditional fields.

      ‘(7) Stereotypes about appropriate careers for females, a lack of female role models, and a lack of basic career information significantly deters girls’ interest in mathematics, science, and technology careers.

      ‘(8) Females consistently rate themselves significantly lower than males in computer ability.

      ‘(9) In the coming years, 65 percent of the economy will be based on information-technology.

      ‘(10) Limited access is a hurdle faced by females seeking jobs in mathematics, science, and technology.

      ‘(11) Common recruitment and hiring practices make extensive use of traditional networks that often overlook females.

‘SEC. 3412. PROGRAM AUTHORITY.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- From funds provided under section 3005(4), the Secretary is authorized to provide grants to and enter into contracts or cooperative agreements with local educational agencies on behalf of elementary and secondary schools to encourage the ongoing interest of girls in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology and to prepare girls to pursue undergraduate and graduate degrees and careers in science, mathematics, engineering, or technology.

    ‘(b) APPLICATION-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- To be eligible to receive a grant, enter into a contract, or cooperative agreement under this part, a local educational agency shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such form, and containing such information as the Secretary may reasonably require.

      ‘(2) CONTENTS- The application referred to in paragraph (1) shall contain, at a minimum, the following:

        ‘(A) A specific program description, including the content of the program and the research and models used to design the program.

        ‘(B) A description of the collaboration between elementary and secondary schools to fulfill goals of the program.

        ‘(C) An explanation regarding the recruitment and selection of participants.

        ‘(D) A description of the instructional and motivational activities planned to be used.

        ‘(E) An evaluation plan.

‘SEC. 3413. ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PROGRAM.

    ‘(a) SELECTION- Local educational agencies shall select elementary schools to provide services that--

      ‘(1) encourage girls in grades 4 through 8 to enjoy and pursue studies in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology;

      ‘(2) acquaint girls in grades 4 through 8 with careers in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology; and

      ‘(3) educate the parents of girls in grades 4 through 8 about the difficulties faced by girls to maintain an interest and desire to achieve in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology and enlist the help of the parents in overcoming these difficulties.

    ‘(b) SERVICES- Services provided under this section shall include one or more of the following:

      ‘(1) Tutoring in reading, science, mathematics, engineering, and technology.

      ‘(2) Mentoring relationships, both in-person and through the Internet.

      ‘(3) Paying the costs of female students and their teachers attending events and academic programs in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology.

      ‘(4) Providing after-school activities designed to encourage the interest of girls in grades 4 and higher in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology.

      ‘(5) Summer programs designed to encourage interest, and develop skills, in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology.

      ‘(6) Purchasing software designed for girls, or designed to encourage girls’ interest in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology.

      ‘(7) Offering field trips to locations that educate and encourage girls’ interest in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology.

      ‘(8) Offering field trips to locations that acquaint girls with careers in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology.

      ‘(9) Purchasing and disseminating information to parents of girls in grades 4 and higher that will help parents to encourage their daughters’ interest in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology.

‘SEC. 3414. SECONDARY SCHOOL PROGRAM.

    ‘(a) SELECTION- Local educational agencies shall select secondary schools to provide services that--

      ‘(1) encourage girls in grades 9 and higher to major in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology of a institution of higher education;

      ‘(2) provide academic advice and assistance in high school course selection;

      ‘(3) encourage girls in grades 9 and higher to plan for careers in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology; and

      ‘(4) educate the parents of girls in grades 9 and higher about the difficulties faced by girls to maintain an interest in and desire to, achieve in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology, and enlist the help of the parents in overcoming these difficulties.

    ‘(b) SERVICES- Services provided under this section shall include one or more of the following:

      ‘(1) Tutoring in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology.

      ‘(2) Mentoring relationships, both in-person and through the Internet.

      ‘(3) Paying the costs of female students and their teachers attending events and academic programs in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology.

      ‘(4) Paying up to 50 percent of the cost of an internship in science, mathematics, engineering, or technology for female students.

      ‘(5) Providing after-school activities designed to encourage the interest of girls in grades 9 and higher in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology, including the cost of that portion of a staff salary to supervise these activities.

      ‘(6) Providing summer programs designed to encourage interest, and develop skills, in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology.

      ‘(7) Purchasing software designed for girls, or designed to encourage girls’ interest in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology.

      ‘(8) Offering field trips to locations that educate and encourage girls’ interest in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology.

      ‘(9) Offering field trips to locations that acquaint girls with careers in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology.

      ‘(10) Visits to institutions of higher education to acquaint girls with college-level programs in science, mathematics, engineering, or technology, and to meet with educators and female college students who will encourage them to pursue degrees in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology.

‘Part E--LIBRARY RESOURCES

‘SEC. 3511. PURPOSE.

    ‘The purposes of this Part are--

      ‘(1) to improve academic achievement of students by providing students with increased access to up-to-date school library materials, a well-equipped, technologically advanced school library media center, and well-trained, professionally certified school library media specialists;

      ‘(2) to support the acquisition of up-to-date school library media resources for the use of students, school library media specialists, and teachers in elementary schools and secondary schools;

      ‘(3) to provide school library media specialists with the tools and training opportunities necessary for the specialists to facilitate the development and enhancement of the information literacy, information retrieval, and critical thinking skills of students; and

      ‘(4)(A) to ensure the effective coordination of resources for library, technology, and professional development activities for elementary schools and secondary schools; and

      ‘(B) collaboration between school library media specialists, and elementary school and secondary school teachers and administrators, in developing curriculum-based instructional activities for students.

‘SEC. 3512. ALLOTMENTS.

    (a) For each fiscal year from funds provided under section 3005(e) the Secretary shall--

      (1) first reserve the lesser of 5 percent or $10,000,000 to carry out subpart 2; and

      (2) allot the remainder to each eligible State educational agency an amount that bears the same relation to the amount appropriated under section 3005(e) and not reserved under paragraph (1) and section 3520 for the fiscal year as the amount the State educational agency received under part A of title I for the preceding fiscal year bears to the amount all State educational agencies received under part A of title I for the preceding fiscal year.

‘Subpart 1--Library Media Resources

‘SEC. 3513. STATE APPLICATIONS.

    ‘To be eligible to receive an allotment under section 3512(a)(2) for a fiscal year, the State educational agency shall submit to the Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require. The application shall contain a description of--

      ‘(1) how the State educational agency will use the needs assessment described in section 3516(1) and poverty data to allocate funds made available through the allotment to the local educational agencies in the State with the greatest need for school library media improvement;

      ‘(2) how the State educational agency will effectively coordinate all Federal and State funds available for library, technology, and professional development activities to assist local educational agencies, elementary schools, and secondary schools in--

        ‘(A) acquiring up-to-date school library media resources in all formats, including books and advanced technology such as Internet connections;

        ‘(B) providing training for school library media specialists; and

        ‘(C) facilitating resource-sharing among schools and school library media centers;

      ‘(3) how the State educational agency will develop standards for the incorporation of new technologies into the curricula of elementary schools and secondary schools through school library media programs to develop and enhance the information literacy, information retrieval, and critical thinking skills of students; and

      ‘(4) how the State educational agency will evaluate the quality and impact of activities carried out under this subpart by local educational agencies to make determinations regarding the need of the agencies for technical assistance and whether to continue funding the agencies under this subpart.

‘SEC. 3514. STATE RESERVATION.

    ‘A State educational agency that receives an allotment under section 3512(a)(2) may reserve not more than 3 percent of the funds made available through the allotment to provide technical assistance, disseminate information about effective school library media programs, and pay administrative costs relating to this subpart.

‘SEC. 3515. LOCAL ALLOCATIONS.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- A State educational agency that receives an allotment under section 3512(a)(2) for a fiscal year shall use the funds made available through the allotment and not reserved under section 3514 to make allocations to local educational agencies described in subsection (b).

    ‘(b) AGENCIES- The State educational agency shall allocate the funds to local educational agencies in the State that have--

      ‘(1) the greatest need for school library media improvement according to the needs assessment described in section 3516; and

      ‘(2) the highest percentages of poverty.

‘SEC. 3516. LOCAL APPLICATION.

    ‘To be eligible to receive an allocation under section 3515 for a fiscal year, a local educational agency shall submit to the State educational agency an application at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the State educational agency shall require. The application shall contain--

      ‘(1) a needs assessment relating to need for school library media improvement, based on the age and condition of school library media resources (including book collections), access of school library media centers to advanced technology, including Internet connections, and the availability of well-trained, professionally certified school library media specialists, in schools served by the local educational agency;

      ‘(2) a description of the manner in which the local educational agency will use the needs assessment to assist schools with the greatest need for school library media improvement;

      ‘(3) a description of the manner in which the local educational agency will use the funds provided through the allocation to carry out the activities described in section 3517;

      ‘(4) a description of the manner in which the local educational agency will develop and carry out the activities described in section 3517 with the extensive participation of school library media specialists, elementary school and secondary school teachers and administrators, and parents;

      ‘(5) a description of the manner in which the local educational agency will effectively coordinate--

        ‘(A) funds provided under this subpart with other Federal, State, and local funds received by the agency for library, technology, and professional development activities; and

        ‘(B) activities carried out under this subpart with the Federal, State, and local library, technology, and professional development activities carried out by the local educational agency; and

      ‘(6) a description of the manner in which the local educational agency will collect and analyze data on the quality and impact of activities carried out under this subpart by schools served by the local educational agency.

‘SEC. 3517. LOCAL ACTIVITIES.

    ‘A local educational agency that receives an allocation under section 3515 may use the funds made available through the allocation--

      ‘(1) to acquire up-to-date school library media resources, including books, for the use of students, school library media specialists, and teachers in elementary schools and secondary schools;

      ‘(2) to acquire and utilize advanced technology, incorporated into the curricula of the schools, to develop and enhance the information literacy, information retrieval, and critical thinking skills of students;

      ‘(3) to acquire and utilize advanced technology, including Internet links, to facilitate resource-sharing among schools and school library media centers, and public and academic libraries, where possible;

      ‘(4) to provide professional development opportunities for school library media specialists; and

      ‘(5) to foster increased collaboration between school library media specialists and elementary school and secondary school teachers and administrators.

‘SEC. 3518. ACCOUNTABILITY AND CONTINUATION OF FUNDS.

    ‘Each local educational agency that receives funds under this subpart for a fiscal year shall be eligible to continue to receive funding--

      ‘(1) for each of the 2 subsequent fiscal years; and

      ‘(2) for each fiscal year after such 2 fiscal years, if the local educational agency demonstrates that the agency has increased--

        ‘(A) the availability of, and the access of students, school library media specialists, and elementary and secondary teachers to, up-to-date school library media resources, including books and advanced technology, in elementary schools and secondary schools served by the local educational agency;

        ‘(B) the number of well-trained, professionally certified school library media specialists in those schools; and

        ‘(C) collaboration between school library media specialists and elementary school and secondary school teachers and administrators for those schools.

‘SEC. 3519. SUPPLEMENT NOT SUPPLANT.

    ‘Funds made available under this subpart shall be used to supplement and not supplant other Federal, State, and local funds expended to carry out activities relating to library, technology, or professional development activities.

‘SEC. 3520. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.

    ‘The Secretary shall reserve not more than 3 percent of the amount appropriated under section 3005(e) for a fiscal year--

      ‘(1) for an annual, independent, national evaluation of the activities assisted under this subpart, to be conducted not later than 3 years after the date of the first awards made under this part; and

      ‘(2) to broadly disseminate information to help States, local educational agencies, school library media specialists, and elementary and secondary school teachers and administrators learn about effective school library media programs.

‘Subpart 2--School Library Access Program

‘SEC. 3531. PROGRAM.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- From funds reserved under section 3512(a)(1) the Secretary may make grants to local educational agencies to provide students with access to libraries in elementary schools and secondary schools during non-school hours, including the hours before and after school, on weekends, and during summer vacation periods.

    ‘(b) APPLICATIONS- To be eligible to receive a grant under subsection (a), a local educational agency shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require.

    ‘(c) PRIORITY- In making grants under subsection (a), the Secretary shall give priority to local educational agencies that demonstrate, in applications submitted under subsection (b), that the agencies--

      ‘(1) seek to provide activities that will increase reading skills and student achievement;

      ‘(2) have effectively coordinated services and funding with entities involved in other Federal, State, and local efforts, to provide programs and activities for students during the non-school hours described in subsection (a); and

      ‘(3) have a high level of community support.

‘PART F--SPECIAL PROJECTS OF NATIONAL SIGNIFICANCE

‘Subpart 1--Regional Technology in Education Consortium

‘SEC. 3611. GRANTS, CONTRACTS, AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS AUTHORIZED.

    ‘(a)(1) AUTHORITY- The Secretary, through the Office of Educational Technology, shall make grants or enter into contracts or cooperative agreements, in accordance with the provisions of this subpart, to consortia that meet the requirements of paragraph (2). In awarding grants under this section, the Secretary shall ensure, to the extent possible, that each geographic region of the United States shall be served by a recipient of an award under this subpart.

    ‘(2) REQUIREMENTS- Each consortium receiving an award under this subpart shall--

      ‘(A) be composed of State educational agencies, institutions of higher education, nonprofit organizations, or a combination thereof;

      ‘(B) meet the requirements of this subpart;

      ‘(C) in cooperation with State and local educational agencies, develop a regional program that addresses professional development, technical assistance, and information resource dissemination, with special emphasis on meeting the documented needs of educators and learners in the region; and

      ‘(D) foster regional cooperation and resource and coursework sharing.

    ‘(b) FUNCTIONS-

      ‘(1) Technical assistance- Each consortium receiving an award under this subpart shall, to the extent practicable--

        ‘(A) collaborate with State educational agencies and local educational agencies requesting collaboration, particularly in the development of strategies for assisting those schools with the highest numbers or percentages of disadvantaged students with little or no access to technology in the classroom;

        ‘(B) provide information to State educational agencies, local educational agencies, schools and adult education programs, on the types and features of various educational technology equipment and software available, and compile and share information regarding creative and effective applications of technology in the classroom and school library media centers in order to support the purposes of this subpart;

        ‘(C) collaborate with such State educational agencies, local educational agencies, or schools requesting assistance in applying advanced technologies and web-based resources in order to design learning environments for the 21st Century; and

        ‘(D) provide technical assistance to facilitate use of the electronic dissemination networks by State and local educational agencies and schools throughout the region.

      ‘(2) PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT- Each consortium receiving an award under this subpart shall, to the extent practicable--

        ‘(A) develop and implement, in collaboration with State educational agencies and institutions of higher education, technology-specific, ongoing professional development, such as--

          ‘(i) intensive school year and summer workshops that use teachers, school librarians, and school library personnel to train other teachers, school librarians, and other school library media personnel; and

          ‘(ii) distance professional development, including--

            ‘(I) interactive training tele-courses using researchers, educators, and telecommunications personnel who have experience in developing, implementing, or operating educational and instructional technology as a learning tool;

            ‘(II) on-site courses teaching teachers to use educational and instructional technology and develop their own instructional materials for effectively incorporating technology and programming in their own classrooms;

            ‘(III) methods for successful integration of instructional technology into the curriculum in order to improve student learning and achievement;

            ‘(IV) the use of advanced telecommunications and distance learning networks to offer professional development through peer interaction with experts as well as other teachers using technologies in their classrooms; and

            ‘(V) mobile education technology and training resources;

        ‘(B) identify and link technical assistance providers to State and local educational agencies, as needed;

        ‘(C) ensure that training, professional development, and technical assistance meet the needs of educators, parents, and students served by the region;

        ‘(D) assist colleges and universities within the region to develop and implement preservice training programs for students enrolled in teacher education programs; and

        ‘(E) assist local educational agencies and schools in working with community members and parents to increase the involvement and support of communities and parents for educational technology programs and projects.

      ‘(3) INFORMATION AND RESOURCE DISSEMINATION- Each consortium receiving an award under this subpart shall, to the extent practicable--

        ‘(A) maintain, or contribute to, a nationally accessible repository that contains information about effective uses of educational technology, including for sustained and intensive, high-quality professional development, and disseminate that information nationwide;

        ‘(B) assist State and local educational agencies in the identification and procurement of financial, technological and human resources needed to implement technology plans; and

        ‘(C) provide outreach and, at the request of a State or local educational agency, work with such agency to assist in the development and validation of instructionally based technology education resources.

      ‘(4) COLLABORATION AND COORDINATION- Each consortium receiving an award under this subpart shall--

        ‘(A) collaborate, and coordinate the services that it provides, with appropriate regional and other entities assisted in whole or in part by the Department;

        ‘(B) coordinate activities and establish partnerships with organizations and institutions of higher education that represent the interests of the region regarding the application of technology to teaching, learning, instructional management, dissemination, the collection and distribution of educational statistics, and the transfer of student information; and

        ‘(C) collaborate with the Department and recipients of funding under other technology programs of the Department, particularly the Technology Literacy Challenge Fund under subpart 1 of part B and the Next-Generation Technology Innovation Awards program under subpart 2 of part B, to assist the Department and those recipients as requested by the Secretary.

‘Subpart 2--Community Technology Centers

‘SEC. 3621. PURPOSE; PROGRAM AUTHORITY.

    ‘(a) PURPOSE- It is the purpose of this subpart to assist eligible applicants to--

      ‘(1) create or expand community technology centers that will provide disadvantaged residents of economically distressed urban and rural communities with access to information technology and related training; and

      ‘(2) provide technical assistance and support to community technology centers.

    ‘(b) PROGRAM AUTHORITY-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary is authorized, through the Office of Educational Technology, to award grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements on a competitive basis to eligible applicants in order to assist them in--

        ‘(A) creating or expanding community technology centers; or

        ‘(B) providing technical assistance and support to community technology centers.

      ‘(2) PERIOD OF AWARD- The Secretary may award grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements under this subpart for a period of not more than 3 years.

‘SEC. 3622. ELIGIBILITY AND APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS.

    ‘(a) ELIGIBLE APPLICANTS- In order to be eligible to receive an award under this subpart, an applicant shall--

      ‘(1) have the capacity to expand significantly access to computers and related services for disadvantaged residents of economically distressed urban and rural communities (who would otherwise be denied such access); and

      ‘(2) be--

        ‘(A) an entity such as a foundation, museum, library, for-profit business, public or private nonprofit organization, or community-based organization;

        ‘(B) an institution of higher education;

        ‘(C) a State educational agency;

        ‘(D) a local educational agency; or

        ‘(E) a consortium of entities described in subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), or (D).

    ‘(b) APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS- In order to receive an award under this subpart, an eligible applicant shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, and containing such information, as the Secretary may require. Such application shall include--

      ‘(1) a description of the proposed project, including a description of the magnitude of the need for the services and how the project would expand access to information technology and related services to disadvantaged residents of an economically distressed urban or rural community;

      ‘(2) a demonstration of--

        ‘(A) the commitment, including the financial commitment, of entities such as institutions, organizations, business and other groups in the community that will provide support for the creation, expansion, and continuation of the proposed project; and

        ‘(B) the extent to which the proposed project establishes linkages with other appropriate agencies, efforts, and organizations providing services to disadvantaged residents of an economically distressed urban or rural community;

      ‘(3) a description of how the proposed project would be sustained once the Federal funds awarded under this subpart end; and

      ‘(4) a plan for the evaluation of the program, which shall include benchmarks to monitor progress toward specific project objectives.

    ‘(c) MATCHING REQUIREMENTS- The Federal share of the cost of any project funded under this subpart shall not exceed 50 percent. The non-Federal share of such project may be in cash or in kind, fairly evaluated, including services.

‘SEC. 3623. USES OF FUNDS.

    ‘(a) REQUIRED USES- A recipient shall use funds under this subpart for--

      ‘(1) creating or expanding community technology centers that expand access to information technology and related training for disadvantaged residents of distressed urban or rural communities; and

      ‘(2) evaluating the effectiveness of the project.

    ‘(b) PERMISSIBLE USES- A recipient may use funds under this subpart for activities, described in its application, that carry out the purposes of this subpart, such as--

      ‘(1) supporting a center coordinator, and staff, to supervise instruction and build community partnerships;

      ‘(2) acquiring equipment, networking capabilities, and infrastructure to carry out the project;

      ‘(3) developing and providing services and activities for community residents that provide access to computers, information technology, and the use of such technology in support of pre-school preparation, academic achievement, lifelong learning, and workforce development, such as the following:

        ‘(A) After-school activities in which children and youths use software that provides academic enrichment and assistance with homework, develop their technical skills, explore the Internet, and participate in multimedia activities, including web page design and creation.

        ‘(B) Adult education and family literacy activities through technology and the Internet, including--

          ‘(i) general education development, English as a second language, and adult basic education classes or programs;

          ‘(ii) introduction to computers;

          ‘(iii) intergenerational activities; and

          ‘(iv) lifelong learning opportunities.

        ‘(C) Career development and job preparation activities, such as--

          ‘(i) training in basic and advanced computer skills;

          ‘(ii) resume writing workshops; and

          ‘(iii) access to databases of employment opportunities, career information, and other online materials.

        ‘(D) Small business activities, such as--

          ‘(i) computer-based training for basic entrepreneurial skills and electronic commerce; and

          ‘(ii) access to information on business start-up programs that is available online, or from other sources.

        ‘(E) Activities that provide home access to computers and technology, such as assistance and services to promote the acquisition, installation, and use of information technology in the home through low-cost solutions such as networked computers, web-based television devices, and other technology.

‘Subpart 3--Ready-To-Learn Digital Television

‘SEC. 3631. READY-TO-LEARN.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary is authorized to award grants to or enter into contracts or cooperative agreements with--

      ‘(1) eligible entities described in section 3632(b) to develop, produce, and distribute educational and instructional video programming for preschool and elementary school children and their parents in order to facilitate the achievement of America’s Education Goals; and

      ‘(2) eligible entities described in section 3633(1) to carry out special projects of national significance program.

    ‘(b) AVAILABILITY- In making such grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements, the Secretary shall ensure that recipients make programming widely available with support materials as appropriate to young children, their parents, child care workers, and Head Start providers to increase the effective use of such programming.

‘SEC. 3632. EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMMING.

    ‘(a) AWARDS- From funds appropriated under section 3005(f)(3) for each fiscal year, the Secretary shall award grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements to eligible entities to--

      ‘(1) facilitate the development, directly or through contracts with producers of children’s and family educational television programming, of educational programming for preschool and elementary school children, and accompanying support materials and services that promote the effective use of such programming; and

      ‘(2) enable such entities to contract with entities such as public telecommunications entities, so that programs developed under this section are disseminated and distributed to the widest possible audience appropriate to be served by the programming by the most appropriate distribution technologies.

    ‘(b) ELIGIBLE ENTITIES- To be eligible to receive a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement under subsection (a), an entity shall be--

      ‘(1) a nonprofit entity (including a public telecommunications entity) able to demonstrate a capacity for the development and distribution of educational and instructional television programming of high quality for preschool and elementary school children; and

      ‘(2) able to demonstrate a capacity to contract with the producers of children’s television programming for the purpose of developing educational television programming of high quality for preschool and elementary school children.

    ‘(c) CULTURAL EXPERIENCES- Programming developed under this section shall reflect the recognition of diverse cultural experiences and the needs and experiences of both boys and girls in engaging and preparing young children for schooling.

‘SEC. 3633. SPECIAL PROJECTS OF NATIONAL SIGNIFICANCE.

    The Secretary is authorized--

      ‘(1) to establish and administer a Special Projects of National Significance program to award grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements to public and nonprofit private entities, or local public television stations or such public television stations that are part of a consortium with one or more State educational agencies, local educational agencies, local schools, institutions of higher education, or community-based organizations of demonstrated effectiveness, for the purpose of--

        ‘(A) addressing the learning needs of young children in limited English proficient households, and developing appropriate educational and instructional television programming to foster the school readiness of such children;

        ‘(B) developing programming and support materials to increase family literacy skills among parents to assist parents in teaching their children and utilizing educational television programming to promote school readiness; and

        ‘(C) identifying, supporting, and enhancing the effective use and outreach of innovative programs that promote school readiness;

      ‘(2) to establish within the Department a clearinghouse to compile and provide information, referrals and model program materials and programming obtained or developed under this subpart to parents, child care providers, and other appropriate individuals or entities to assist such individuals and entities in accessing programs and projects under this subpart;

      ‘(3) to develop and disseminate training materials, including--

        ‘(A) interactive programs and programs adaptable to distance learning technologies that are designed to enhance knowledge of childrens social and cognitive skill development and positive adult-child interactions; and

        ‘(B) support materials to promote the effective use of materials developed under paragraph (1) among parents, Head Start providers, in-home and center based day care providers, early childhood development personnel, and elementary school teachers, public libraries, and after school program personnel caring for preschool and elementary school children; and

      ‘(4) coordinate activities with the Secretary of Health and Human Services in order to--

        ‘(A) maximize the utilization of quality educational programming by preschool and elementary school children, and make such programming widely available to federally funded programs serving such populations; and

        ‘(B) provide information to recipients of funds under Federal programs that have major training components for early childhood development, including Head Start, Even Start, and State training activities funded under the Child Care Development Block Grant Act of 1990, regarding the availability and utilization of materials developed under paragraph (3) to enhance parent and child care provider skills in early childhood development and education.

‘SEC. 3634. APPLICATIONS.

    Each eligible entity desiring a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement under section 3632 shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may reasonably require.

‘SEC. 3635. REPORTS AND EVALUATION.

    ‘(a) ANNUAL REPORT TO SECRETARY- An entity receiving funds under this subpart shall prepare and submit to the Secretary an annual report which contains such information as the Secretary may require. At a minimum, the report shall describe the program activities undertaken with funds received under this subpart, including--

      ‘(1) the programming that has been developed directly or indirectly by the entity, and the target population of the programs developed;

      ‘(2) the support materials that have been developed to accompany the programming, and the method by which such materials are distributed to consumers and users of the programming;

      ‘(3) the means by which programming developed under this section has been distributed, including the distance learning technologies that have been utilized to make programming available and the geographic distribution achieved through such technologies; and

      ‘(4) the initiatives undertaken by the entity to develop public-private partnerships to secure non-Federal support for the development and distribution and broadcast of educational and instructional programming.

    ‘(b) REPORT TO CONGRESS- The Secretary shall prepare and submit to the relevant committees of Congress a biannual report which includes--

      ‘(1) a summary of the information made available under subsection (a); and

      ‘(2) a description of the training materials made available under section 3633(3), the manner in which outreach has been conducted to inform parents and child care providers of the availability of such materials, and the manner in which such materials have been distributed in accordance with such section.

‘SEC. 3636. ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS.

    With respect to the implementation of section 3632, entities receiving a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement from the Secretary may use not more than 5 percent of the amounts received under such section for the normal and customary expenses of administering the grant, contract, or cooperative agreement.

‘SEC. 3637. DEFINITION.

    For the purposes of this subpart, the term distance learning means the transmission of educational or instructional programming to geographically dispersed individuals and groups via telecommunications.

‘Subpart 4--Telecommunications Project for Mathematics

‘SEC. 3641. PROJECT AUTHORIZED.

    The Secretary is authorized to make grants to a nonprofit telecommunications entity, or partnership of such entities, for the purpose of carrying out a national telecommunications-based project to improve the teaching of mathematics. The project authorized by this subpart shall be designed to assist elementary and secondary school teachers in preparing all students for achieving State content standards.

‘SEC. 3642. APPLICATION REQUIRED.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- Each nonprofit telecommunications entity, or partnership of such entities, desiring a grant under this subpart shall submit an application to the Secretary. Each such application shall--

      ‘(1) demonstrate that the applicant will use the existing publicly funded telecommunications infrastructure to deliver video, voice and data in an integrated service and to include digital libraries, school networks, and delivery of web-based resources to train teachers in the use of new standards-based curricula materials and learning technologies;

      ‘(2) assure that the project for which assistance is sought will be conducted in cooperation with appropriate State educational agencies, local educational agencies, State or local nonprofit public telecommunications entities, and a national mathematics education professional association that has developed content standards;

      ‘(3) assure that a significant portion of the benefits available for elementary and secondary schools from the project for which assistance is sought will be available to schools of local educational agencies which have a high percentage of children counted for the purpose of part A of title I; and

      ‘(4) contain such additional assurances and information as the Secretary may reasonably require.

    ‘(b) APPROVAL OF APPLICATIONS; NUMBER OF SITES- In approving applications under this section, the Secretary shall ensure that the project authorized by this subpart is conducted at elementary and secondary school sites in at least 15 States.

‘Subpart 5--Future Math and Science Teacher Recruitment

‘SEC. 3651. FINDINGS.

    ‘Congress finds the following:

      ‘(1) United States high school students rate 16th and 19th, respectively, in science and math out of 21 countries.

      ‘(2) Of United States high school students who take physical science and math courses, 56 percent and 27 percent, respectively, are taught by teachers who did not prepare in that field.

      ‘(3) Teachers’ knowledge and skills powerfully influence student learning.

      ‘(4) More than 2,000,000 teachers will need to be hired over the next decade.

      ‘(5) The ability of the United States to place highly qualified math and science teachers specializing in their field of instruction will depend on proactive policies that increase funding for teacher training, recruitment, and induction.

‘SEC. 3652. PURPOSE.

    ‘It is the purpose of this subpart to make grants available, through a pilot program, to eligible institutions described in section 3653, to enable such institutions to provide 500 scholarship awards to outstanding students enrolled in an accredited teacher training graduate program who are committed to pursuing careers teaching math and science at an urban or rural secondary level classroom.

‘SEC. 3653. SCHOLARSHIP DESIGNATION AND SELECTION CRITERIA.

    ‘(a) SCHOLARSHIP DESIGNATION- Funds made available under this subpart shall be designated as the ‘National Math and Science Teacher Scholarships’.

    ‘(b) SELECTION CRITERIA- (1) The Secretary of Education may award funds for National Math and Science Teacher Scholarships on a competitive basis to institutions of higher education that meet the requirements of paragraph (2) and have graduate programs in teacher training. The Secretary may not provide any individual institution of higher education more than $100,000 per academic year for the purpose of the National Math and Science Teacher Scholarships.

    ‘(2) An institution applying for such scholarships may only be eligible to receive funds if such institution is in full compliance with the reporting requirements of section 207(f) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 and has not been identified as low performing under section 208 of such Act.

    ‘(c) PRIORITIES- The Secretary shall give priority to eligible institutions that meet 1 or more of the following criteria:

      ‘(1) Provide a year long graduate level internship program in a professional development school.

      ‘(2) Provide mentoring programs for novice teachers in their first 3 years.

      ‘(3) Demonstrate a history of placing graduates in rural and urban schools.

      ‘(4) Demonstrate that there is a high retention rate of teachers that the institution places in teaching positions.

‘SEC. 3654. INDIVIDUAL SCHOLARSHIP ELIGIBILITY.

    ‘An individual may be eligible for a National Math and Science Teacher Scholarship only if such individual--

      ‘(1) is a citizen or national of the United States or an alien lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence;

      ‘(2) is majoring in a physical or life science or mathematics graduate teacher training program;

      ‘(3) is enrolled in an institution of higher education that--

        ‘(A) is ranked by the Secretary in the top 25 percent of schools in the State in which the institution is located with the highest percentage of graduates passing the State teacher qualification assessment for new teachers; or

        ‘(B) if there are fewer than 4 such institutions in a State, is the institution with the highest percentage of such graduates; and

      ‘(4) agrees to teach math or science in a rural or urban public secondary school for no less than 3 full academic years.

‘SEC. 3655. SCHOLARSHIP AMOUNT.

    ‘(a) AMOUNT OF AWARD-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The amount of a scholarship awarded by a participating teacher training graduate program under this subpart for any academic year shall be $10,000 per student, except that in no case shall the total amount of the scholarship for any academic year exceed the total cost of attendance as defined in section 472 of the Higher Education Act of 1965.

      ‘(2) INSUFFICIENT FUNDS- In any fiscal year in which the amount appropriated to carry out this subpart is insufficient to award 500 scholarships, the Secretary shall reduce the number of awards to eligible institutions.

    ‘(b) RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER ASSISTANCE- A scholarship awarded under this subpart shall not be reduced on the basis of the student’s receipt of other forms of Federal student financial assistance.

‘SEC. 3656. AGREEMENT; SCHOLARSHIP REPAYMENT PROVISIONS.

    ‘(a) AGREEMENT- Each National Math and Science Teachers Scholar shall agree to teach mathematics of science in an urban or rural public secondary school for no less than 3 full academic years.

    ‘(b) REPAYMENT FOR FAILURE TO FULFILL AGREEMENT- Any recipient of a Scholarship found by the Secretary to be in noncompliance with the agreement entered into under subsection (a) of this section shall be required to repay a pro rata amount of the scholarship awards received, plus interest and, where applicable, reasonable collection fees, on a schedule and at a rate of interest prescribed by the Secretary by regulations.

‘SEC. 3657. EXCEPTIONS TO REPAYMENT PROVISIONS.

    ‘An individual recipient of a Scholarship under this subpart shall not be considered in violation of the agreement entered into pursuant to section 3656 during any period in which the recipient--

      ‘(1) is pursuing a full-time course of study in math or science at an accredited institution;

      ‘(2) is serving, not in excess of 3 years, as a member of the armed services of the United States;

      ‘(3) is temporarily disabled for a period of time not to exceed 3 years as established by sworn affidavit of a qualified physician;

      ‘(4) is seeking and unable to find full-time employment for a single period not to exceed 12 months;

      ‘(5) is seeking and unable to find full-time employment as a math or science teacher in a public elementary or secondary school or education program for a single period not to exceed 27 months;

      ‘(6) satisfies the provision of additional repayment exceptions that may be prescribed by the Secretary in regulations issued pursuant to this section; or

      ‘(7) is permanently and totally disabled, as established by sworn affidavit of a qualified physician.

‘SEC. 3658. REPORT TO CONGRESS.

    ‘Three years after the date on which funds are first made available to carry out this subpart, the Secretary shall submit a report to Congress evaluating the success of the National Math and Science Teacher Scholarships pilot program in recruiting math and science teachers to teach in America’s public secondary schools.’.

SEC. 5. SAFE AND DRUG FREE SCHOOLS AND COMMUNITIES.

    Title IV of the Act is amended to read as follows:

‘TITLE IV--SAFE AND DRUG-FREE SCHOOLS AND COMMUNITIES

‘SEC. 4001. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ‘Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act’.

‘SEC. 4002. FINDINGS.

    The Congress finds that:

      ‘(1) Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Programs support achievement of Goal One of the National Drug Control Strategy--to educate and enable America’s youth to reject illegal drugs, as well as alcohol and tobacco; and Goal Seven of America’s Education Goals--that every school in the United States will be free of drugs, violence, and the unauthorized presence of firearms and alcohol.

      ‘(2) It is essential for schools to provide a drug-free, safe, and orderly learning environment for all students, if all students are to live healthy lives and achieve to high academic standards.

      ‘(3) Student drug use and school violence are serious educational and public health concerns.

      ‘(4) Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities programs are most likely to be effective when they are based on a thorough assessment of objective data about the drug and violence problems in schools and communities, are designed to meet measurable goals and objectives, are based on sound research or evaluation findings, and are evaluated regularly and held accountable for results.

      ‘(5) Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities program resources should be targeted at the local level to projects in areas that demonstrate need for the funds, have developed the best strategic plans for using the funds, and are committed to being accountable for results.

      ‘(6) Lifelong physical activity contributes to students’ well-being and, consistent with the second of America’s Education Goals, it is appropriate for the Federal government to help strengthen State and local efforts in this area.

      ‘(7) Alternative education, for children who have been suspended or expelled from school, is vital to improving the safety of schools and communities, and ensuring continued educational opportunity.

‘SEC. 4003. PURPOSE.

    The purpose of this title is to support programs that prevent violence in and around schools and the illegal use of alcohol, tobacco, and drugs; involve parents; and are coordinated with related Federal, State, and community efforts and resources, through the provision of Federal assistance to--

      ‘(1) States for grants to local educational agencies and educational service agencies and consortia of such agencies to establish, operate, and improve local programs of school drug and violence prevention, early intervention, rehabilitation referral, and education in elementary and secondary schools (including intermediate and junior high schools);

      ‘(2) States for grants to, and contracts with, community-based organizations and other public and private nonprofit agencies and organizations for programs of drug and violence prevention, early intervention, rehabilitation referral, and education;

      ‘(3) States for development, training, technical assistance, and coordination activities;

      ‘(4) public and private nonprofit organizations to conduct training, demonstrations, and evaluation, and to provide supplementary services for the prevention of drug use and violence among students and youth; and

      ‘(5) institutions of higher education to establish, operate, expand, and improve programs of school drug and violence prevention, education, and rehabilitation referral for students enrolled in colleges and universities.

‘SEC. 4004. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated--

      ‘(1) $500,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the four succeeding fiscal years, for State grants under subpart 1 of part A;

      ‘(2) $200,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the four succeeding fiscal years, for national programs under subpart 2 of part A;

      ‘(3) $25,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the four succeeding fiscal years, to carry out part B related to Comprehensive Prevention Technical Assistance Grants;

      ‘(4) $200,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the four succeeding fiscal years to carry out part C related to Alternative Education;

      ‘(5) $1,300,000,000 for fiscal year 2001; and such sums as may be necessary for the four subsequent fiscal years to carry out part D related to Reserve Staff for Students; and

    ‘(6) $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the four succeeding fiscal years to carry out part E, related to Project Service.

‘PART A--STATE GRANTS FOR DRUG AND VIOLENCE PREVENTION PROGRAMS

‘Subpart 1--State Grants for Drug and Violence Prevention Programs

‘SEC. 4111. RESERVATIONS AND ALLOTMENTS.

    ‘(a) RESERVATIONS- From the amount made available under section 4004(1) to carry out this subpart for each fiscal year, the Secretary--

      ‘(1) shall reserve 1 percent of such amount for grants under this subpart to Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, to be allotted in accordance with the Secretary’s determination of their respective needs;

      ‘(2) shall reserve 1 percent of such amount for the Secretary of the Interior to carry out programs under this part for Indian youth;

      ‘(3) may reserve not more than $2,000,000 for the national evaluation activities required by section 4117(a); and

      ‘(4) shall reserve 0.2 percent of such amount for programs for Native Hawaiians under section 4118.

    ‘(b) STATE ALLOTMENTS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Secretary shall, for each fiscal year, allocate among the States--

        ‘(A) 1/2 of the remainder not reserved under subsection (a) according to the ratio between the school-aged population of each State and the school-aged population of all the States; and

        ‘(B) 1/2 of such remainder according to the ratio between the amount each State received under part A of title I for the preceding year and the sum of such amounts received by all the States.

      ‘(2) MINIMUM- For any fiscal year, no State shall be allotted under this subsection an amount that is less than 1/2 of 1 percent of the total amount allotted to all the States under this subsection.

      ‘(3) REALLOTMENT- The Secretary may reallot any amount of any allotment to a State if the Secretary determines that the State will be unable to use such amount within 2 years of such allotment. Such reallotments shall be made on the same basis as allotments are made under paragraph (1).

      ‘(4) DEFINITIONS- For the purpose of this subsection--

        ‘(A) the term ‘State’ means each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico; and

        ‘(B) the term ‘local educational agency’ includes educational service agencies and consortia of such agencies.

‘SEC. 4112. STATE APPLICATION.

    ‘(a) STATE APPLICATION- In order to receive an allotment under section 4111(b) for any fiscal year, a State shall submit to the Secretary, at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may require, a 5-year application that--

      ‘(1) is submitted jointly by the Governor and the State educational agency of the State;

      ‘(2) contains a description of how funds under this part will be coordinated with other programs under this Act and with other Federal education and drug prevention programs;

      ‘(3) contains a comprehensive plan for the use of funds by the State educational agency and the Governor to provide safe, orderly, and drug-free school environments that includes--

        ‘(A) the results of the State’s needs assessment for drug and violence-prevention programs, which shall be based on the results of ongoing State evaluation activities and include data on the prevalence of drug use and violence by youth in schools and communities in the State;

        ‘(B) a list of the State’s results-based performance measures for drug and violence prevention, which shall--

          ‘(i) be focused on student behavior and attitudes and derived from the needs assessment;

          ‘(ii) be selected from a core set of indicators that the Secretary shall develop in consultation with State and local officials;

          ‘(iii) include targets and due dates for the attainment of these indicators;

          ‘(iv) include a description of the procedures the State will use to inform local educational agencies of the State’s results-based performance measures for drug and violence prevention for assessing and publicly reporting progress toward meeting these indicators, or revising them as needed;

          ‘(v) include a description of how the procedures described in subparagraph (C) and subparagraph (D) will support the achievement of the State’s results-based performance measures; and

          ‘(vi) incorporate each of the following principles of effectiveness:

            ‘(I) The applicant’s program is based on a thorough assessment of objective data about the drug and violence problems in the schools and communities to be served.

            ‘(II) The applicant has established a set of measurable goals and objectives aimed at ensuring that all schools served by the local educational agency have a drug-free, safe, and orderly learning environment, and has designed its programs to meet those goals and objectives.

            ‘(III) The applicant has designed and will implement its programs for youth based on research or evaluation that provides evidence that the program to be used will prevent or reduce drug use, violence, delinquency, or disruptive behavior among youth.

            ‘(IV) The applicant will evaluate its program periodically to assess its progress toward achieving its goals and objectives, and will use evaluation results to refine, improve, and strengthen its program, and refine its goals and objectives, as needed;

        ‘(C) a description of the procedures the Governor will use to award funds to eligible applicants on a competitive basis consistent with section 4115, including--

          ‘(i) the criteria the Governor will use to assess the relative quality of applications and demonstrated need for funding of eligible applicants;

          ‘(ii) the peer review process the Governor will use to review applications;

          ‘(iii) how those funds will be used for community resources and activities that support local educational agency programs to create drug-free, safe, and disciplined learning environments in, and passageways to and from, schools; and

          ‘(iv) how the Governor will ensure that the geographic distribution of awards reflects the diversity of local educational agencies in the State;

        ‘(D) a description of how the State educational agency and Governor will use the funds reserved under sections 4113(b) and 4115(c) for coordinated capacity-building and technical assistance and program accountability services and activities at the State and local levels, including how the State educational agency and Governor will coordinate their activities with law enforcement, health, mental health, and education programs and officials at the State and local levels;

        ‘(E) a description of how the State educational agency and the Governor will monitor local programs and provide corrective action if necessary; and

        ‘(F) a description of how the State educational agency will ensure that local educational agencies not receiving funds under this part will be provided technical assistance to improve their programs;

      ‘(4) contains assurances that the application was developed in consultation and coordination with appropriate State officials, including the head of the State alcohol and drug abuse agency, the heads of the State health and mental health agencies, the head of the State criminal justice planning agency, the head of the State child welfare agency, the head of the State board of education, or their designees, and representatives of parents, students, and community-based organizations; and

      ‘(5) contains an assurance that the State will cooperate with, and assist, the Secretary in conducting the national impact evaluation of programs required by section 4117(a).

    ‘(b) PEER REVIEW- The Secretary shall use a peer review process in reviewing State applications under this section.

‘SEC. 4113. STATE AND LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY PROGRAMS.

    ‘(a) USE OF FUNDS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in paragraph (2), an amount equal to 85 percent of the total amount allocated to a State under section 4111(b) for each fiscal year shall be used by the State educational agency and its local educational agencies for drug and violence prevention activities in accordance with this section.

      ‘(2) EXCEPTION-

        ‘(A) If a State had, on or before January 1, 1994, established an independent State agency for the purpose of administering all of the funds described in section 5121 of this Act (as such section was in effect on the day preceding the date of the enactment of the Improving America’s Schools Act of 1994), then--

          ‘(i) an amount equal to 85 percent of the total amount allocated to such State under section 4111 for each fiscal year shall be used by the State educational agency and its local educational agencies for drug and violence prevention activities in accordance with this section; and

          ‘(ii) an amount equal to 15 percent of such total amount shall be used by such independent State agency for drug and violence prevention activities in accordance with this section.

        ‘(B) Not more than 5 percent of the amount reserved under subparagraph (A)(ii) may be used for administrative costs of the independent State agency incurred in carrying out the activities described in such subparagraph.

        ‘(C) For the purposes of this paragraph, the term independent State agency means an independent agency with a board of directors or a cabinet level agency whose chief executive officer is appointed by the chief executive officer of the State and confirmed with the advice and consent of the Senate of such State.

    ‘(b) STATE LEVEL ACTIVITIES-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- A State educational agency may use not more than 5 percent of the amount available under subsection (a) for activities such as--

        ‘(A) training and technical assistance concerning drug and violence prevention for local educational agencies and educational service agencies, including teachers, administrators, coaches and athletic directors, other staff, parents, students, community leaders, health service providers, local law enforcement officials, and judicial officials;

        ‘(B) the development, identification, dissemination, and evaluation of the most readily available, accurate, and up-to-date curriculum materials with a solid research base, for consideration by local educational agencies;

        ‘(C) making available to local educational agencies cost effective programs for youth violence and drug abuse prevention;

        ‘(D) demonstration projects in drug and violence prevention;

        ‘(E) training, technical assistance, and demonstration projects to address violence associated with prejudice and intolerance;

        ‘(F) financial assistance to enhance resources available for drug and violence prevention in areas serving large numbers of economically disadvantaged children or sparsely populated areas, or to meet other special needs consistent with the purposes of this title;

        ‘(G) developing and implementing strategies and programs to greatly reduce the incidence of sexual harassment and abuse and to encourage positive and respectful interactions between girls and boys; and

        ‘(H) the evaluation of activities carried out within the State under this part.

      ‘(2) SPECIAL RULE- A State educational agency may carry out activities under this subsection directly, or through grants or contracts with community based organizations, institutions of higher education and other public and private non-profit entities.

    ‘(c) STATE ADMINISTRATION- A State educational agency may use not more than 4 percent of the amount reserved under subsection (a) for the administrative costs of carrying out its responsibilities under this part.

    ‘(d) LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY PROGRAMS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- A State educational agency shall distribute not less than 91 percent of the amount made available under subsection (a) for each fiscal year to local educational agencies in accordance with this subsection.

      ‘(2) DISTRIBUTION-

        ‘(A) Of the amount distributed under paragraph (1), a State educational agency shall distribute--

          ‘(i) 70 percent of such amount to local educational agencies, based on the relative enrollments in public and private nonprofit elementary and secondary schools within the boundaries of such agencies; and

          ‘(ii) 30 percent of such amount to local educational agencies that the State educational agency determines have the greatest need for additional funds to carry out drug and violence prevention programs authorized by this subpart.

        ‘(B) Where appropriate and to the extent consistent with the needs assessment conducted by the State, not less than 25 percent of the amount distributed under subparagraph (A)(ii) for a fiscal year shall be distributed to local educational agencies located in rural and urban areas.

        ‘(C)(i) A State educational agency shall distribute funds under subparagraph (A)(ii) to not more than 10 percent of the local educational agencies in the State, or 5 such agencies, whichever is greater.

        ‘(ii) In determining which local educational agencies have the greatest need for additional funds under subparagraph (A)(ii), the State educational agency shall consider objective data such as--

          ‘(I) high rates of alcohol or drug use among youth;

          ‘(II) high rates of victimization of youth by violence and crime;

          ‘(III) high rates of arrests and convictions of youth for violent or drug- or alcohol-related crime;

          ‘(IV) the extent of illegal gang activity;

          ‘(V) high incidence of violence associated with prejudice and intolerance;

          ‘(VI) high rates of referrals of youths to drug and alcohol abuse treatment and rehabilitation programs;

          ‘(VII) high rates of referrals of youths to juvenile court;

          ‘(VIII) high rates of expulsions and suspensions of students from schools; and

          ‘(IX) high rates of reported cases of child abuse and domestic violence.

        ‘(D) SPECIAL RULE, MINIMUM GRANT AMOUNTS-

          ‘(i) Except as provided in clause (ii), a local educational agency shall not receive an allocation under this subsection unless the amount allocated to such agency under this subsection is greater than $5,000. A local educational agency may enter into a consortium with other local educational agencies for the purposes of meeting the minimum allocation requirement of this clause.

          ‘(ii) WAIVER- The State educational agency shall waive the requirement of clause (i) in any case in which the local educational agency demonstrates that it is unable to enter into a consortium for the purposes of carrying out activities under this part.

    ‘(e) REALLOCATION OF FUNDS- If a local educational agency chooses not to apply to receive the amount allocated to such agency under subsection (d), does not meet the requirements of subsection (d)(2)(D) and does not form a consortium, or if such agency’s application under section 4115 is disapproved by the State educational agency, the State educational agency shall reallocate such amount to one or more of the local educational agencies determined by the State educational agency under subsection (d)(2)(A)(ii) to have the greatest need for additional funds.

    ‘(f) RETURN OF FUNDS TO STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY; REALLOCATION-

      ‘(1) RETURN- Except as provided in paragraph (2), upon the expiration of the 1-year period beginning on the date that a local educational agency or educational service agency under this title receives its allocation under this title--

        ‘(A) such agency shall return to the State educational agency any funds from such allocation that remain unobligated; and

        ‘(B) the State educational agency shall reallocate any such amount to local educational agencies or educational service agencies that have plans for using such amount for programs or activities on a timely basis.

      ‘(2) REALLOCATION- In any fiscal year, a local educational agency, may retain for obligation in the succeeding fiscal year--

        ‘(A) an amount equal to not more than 25 percent of the allocation it receives under this title for such fiscal year; or

        ‘(B) upon a demonstration of good cause by such agency or consortium, a greater amount approved by the State educational agency.

‘SEC. 4114. LOCAL DRUG AND VIOLENCE PREVENTION PROGRAMS.

    ‘(a) PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVENESS- Each local educational agency that receives a subgrant under section 4113(c) shall use those funds to support research-based drug- and violence-prevention services and activities that are consistent with the principles of effectiveness described in section 4119..

    ‘(b) OTHER AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Each local educational agency that receives a subgrant under section 4113(d) may also use those funds to carry out, in a manner that is consistent with the most relevant research, other services and activities that are consistent with the purpose of this title, such as--

        ‘(A) staff training and development;

        ‘(B) parental involvement and training;

        ‘(C) community involvement activities;

        ‘(D) law enforcement and security activities that are related to school safety and drug use;

        ‘(E) creating and maintaining safe zones of passage to and from school to prevent violence and drug trafficking;

        ‘(F) counseling, mentoring, and referral services, and other student assistance programs;

        ‘(G) before- and after-school programs;

        ‘(H) alternative education programs for those students who have been expelled from their regular education programs;

        ‘(I) programs to assist students to reenter the regular education program upon return from treatment or alternative education settings;

        ‘(J) services and activities that reduce the need for suspension and expulsion in maintaining classroom order and school discipline;

        ‘(K) services and activities to prevent and reduce truancy;

        ‘(L) teaching students about the risks and consequences associated with handling firearms that enabling them to make safe choices and avoid injury to themselves and others;

        ‘(M) age-appropriate, developmentally based violence prevention and education programs for all students, from the preschool level through grade 12, that address the legal, health, personal, and social consequences of violent and disruptive behavior, including sexual harassment and abuse, and victimization associated with prejudice and intolerance, and that include activities designed to help students develop a sense of individual responsibility and respect for the rights of others, and to resolve conflicts without violence;

        ‘(N) age-appropriate, developmentally-based or community-oriented safety programs for all students, from the preschool level through grade 12, that address prevention and education of child abuse and abduction, including--

          ‘(i) teaching students the skills to identify, avoid if possible, and cope with potentially dangerous or threatening situations that may include abduction, abuse, or neglect; and

          ‘(ii) providing guidance to students that encourages students to seek advice for anxiety, threats of abuse, or actual abuse and to confide in a trusted adult regarding an uncomfortable or threatening situation;

        ‘(O) activities designed to prevent hate crimes and strengthen tolerance and understanding;

        ‘(P) activities to greatly reduce the incidence of sexual harassment and abuse;

        ‘(Q) activities to increase the safety of children going to and from school, including those that improve pedestrian and bicyclist safety; and

        ‘(R) other activities that are consistent with the purposes of this title.

      ‘(2) LIMITATION- A local educational agency may not use more that 20 percent of its subgrant for the acquisition or use of metal detectors and security personnel unless it demonstrates in its application under section 4116 to the satisfaction of the State educational agency that it has a compelling need to do so.

    ‘(c) SCHOOL PROTECTION- Each local educational agency, or consortium of such agencies, that receives a subgrant under section 4113(c) and has reported expulsions under part F during the past 3 years shall develop a program with local law enforcement agencies to protect students and employees of public schools against gun violence that includes promoting the benefits of child safety locks for firearms.

‘SEC. 4115. GOVERNORS PROGRAMS.

    ‘(a) USE OF FUNDS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- An amount equal to 15 percent of the total amount allocated to a State under section 4111(b) for each fiscal year shall be used by the chief executive officer of such State for drug and violence prevention programs and activities in accordance with this section.

      ‘(2) LAW ENFORCEMENT EDUCATION PARTNERSHIPS- A chief executive officer shall use not less than 10 percent of the 15 percent of the total amount described in paragraph (1) for each fiscal year for law enforcement education partnerships in accordance with subsection (d).

      ‘(3) ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS- A chief executive officer may use not more than 20 percent of the total amount described in paragraph (1) for the administrative costs incurred in carrying out the duties of such officer under this section.

    ‘(b) PROGRAMS AUTHORIZED-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- A chief executive officer shall use funds made available under subsection (a) for competitive grants to or contracts with parent groups, community action and job training agencies, community-based organizations, and other public entities and private nonprofit organizations and consortia thereof to support community efforts that directly complement the efforts of local educational agencies to foster drug-free, safe, and orderly learning environments in and around schools. In making such grants and contracts, a chief executive officer shall give priority to programs and activities described in subsection (c) for--

        ‘(A) children and youth who are not normally served by State or local educational agencies; or

        ‘(B) populations that need special services or additional resources (such as preschoolers, youth in juvenile detention facilities, runaway or homeless children and youth, pregnant and parenting teenagers, and school dropouts).

      ‘(2) PEER REVIEW- Grants or contracts awarded under this subsection shall be subject to a peer review process.

    ‘(c) AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES- Grants and contracts under subsection (b) shall be used for programs and activities, which are based on most relevant research, to the extent available and feasible, such as--

      ‘(1) disseminating information about drug and violence prevention;

      ‘(2) training parents, law enforcement officials, judicial officials, social service providers, health service providers and community leaders about drug and violence prevention, comprehensive health education, early intervention, pupil services, or rehabilitation referral;

      ‘(3) developing and implementing comprehensive, community-based drug and violence prevention programs that link community resources with schools and integrate services involving education, vocational and job skills training and placement, law enforcement, health, mental health, community service, mentoring, and other appropriate services;

      ‘(4) planning and implementing drug and violence prevention activities that coordinate the efforts of State agencies with efforts of the State educational agency and its local educational agencies;

      ‘(5) activities to protect students traveling to and from school, including pedestrian and bicycle safety education;

      ‘(6) before-and-after school recreational, instructional, cultural, and artistic programs that encourage drug- and violence-free lifestyles;

      ‘(7) activities that promote the awareness of and sensitivity to alternatives to violence through courses of study that include related issues of intolerance and hatred in history;

      ‘(8) developing and implementing activities to prevent and reduce violence associated with prejudice and intolerance;

      ‘(9) developing and implementing strategies to prevent illegal gang activity;

      ‘(10) coordinating and conducting community-wide violence and safety assessments and surveys;

      ‘(11) service-learning projects that encourage drug- and violence-free lifestyles; and

      ‘(12) evaluating programs and activities assisted under this section.

    ‘(d) LAW ENFORCEMENT EDUCATION PARTNERSHIPS- A chief executive officer shall use funds under subsection (a)(2) to award grants to State, county, or local law enforcement agencies (including district attorneys) in consortium with local educational agencies or community-based agencies for the purpose of carrying out drug abuse and violence prevention activities, such as--

      ‘(1) Project Drug Abuse Resistance Education and other programs which provide classroom instruction by uniformed law enforcement officials that is designed to teach students to recognize and resist pressures to experiment that influence such children to use controlled substances or alcohol;

      ‘(2) Project Legal Lives and other programs in which district attorneys provide classroom instruction in the law and legal system which emphasizes interactive learning techniques, such as mock trial competitions;

      ‘(3) partnerships between law enforcement and child guidance professionals; and

      ‘(4) before- and after-school activities.

‘SEC. 4116. LOCAL APPLICATIONS.

    ‘(a) APPLICATION REQUIRED-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- In order to be eligible to receive a subgrant under section 4113(d) or section 4115 for any fiscal year, an applicant shall submit, at such time and including such information as the State educational agency or Governor, as applicable, requires, an application to the State educational agency or Governor, as applicable for approval. Such an application shall be amended, as necessary, to reflect changes in the applicant’s program.

      ‘(2) APPLICATION PROCESS-

        ‘(A) Applications for subgrants from entities other than local educational agencies, under section 4115 shall be developed in consultation with the schools or local educational agencies to be served and, to the extent practicable, with the representatives described in subparagraph (B).

        ‘(B) An application from local educational agencies for subgrants shall be developed in consultation with a local or substate regional advisory council that includes, to the extent possible, representatives of local government, business, parents, students, teachers, pupil services personnel, appropriate State agencies, private schools, the medical profession, law enforcement, community-based organizations, and other groups with interest and expertise in drug and violence prevention.

    ‘(b) CONTENTS OF APPLICATIONS- (1) An application under this section shall contain--

      ‘(A) the results of the applicant’s needs assessment concerning the creation and maintenance of a drug-free, safe, and orderly school environment and include data on the prevalence of drug use and violence by youth in the schools and communities to be served;

      ‘(B) a description of how the applicant will target services and activities on the communities, schools, and students with the greatest need for assistance in creating and maintaining drug-free, safe, and orderly learning environments;

      ‘(C) the applicant’s results-based performance measures for creating and maintaining a drug-free, safe, and orderly learning environment, which shall be focused on student behavior and attitudes, and include annual targets for each performance measure;

      ‘(D) a description of the procedures the applicant will use to assess and publicly report progress toward meeting its performance indicators;

      ‘(E) a description of how--

        ‘(i) the applicant will use the funds to be awarded and how the activities it will support with those funds address the needs identified under subparagraph (A) and the performance measures identified under subparagraph (C); and

        ‘(ii) if the applicant is a local educational agency, how those activities are consistent with the Safe and Drug-Free Schools plan under paragraph (2)(D) or another existing school plan related to safe, disciplined, and drug-free environments;

      ‘(F) a description of how the applicant will coordinate its activities with local, State, and Federal law enforcement, health, mental health, and education officials;

      ‘(G) a description of the applicant’s plan for evaluating its project; and

      ‘(H) any other information the State educational agency or Governor, as applicable, may require to review application’s, and award subgrants, based on the applicants need for assistance and the quality of the application.

    ‘(2) Each applicant for a subgrant under this section shall also include in its application an assurance that it--

      ‘(A) has a policy, consistent with State law and the Gun-Free Schools Act, that requires the expulsion of students who possess a firearm at school;

      ‘(B) has, or will have, a full-or part-time program coordinator whose primary responsibility is planning, designing, implementing, and evaluating the applicant’s programs (unless the applicant demonstrates in its application, to the satisfaction of the State educational agency, that such a program coordinator is not needed);

      ‘(C) will evaluate its program every 2 years to assess its progress toward meeting its goals and objectives, and will use the results of its evaluation to improve its program and refine its goals and objectives, as needed; and

      ‘(D) has, or the schools to be served have, a comprehensive Safe and Drug-Free Schools plan that includes--

        ‘(i) appropriate and effective discipline policies that prohibit disorderly conduct, the possession of firearms and other weapons, and the illegal use, possession, distribution, and sale of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs by students, and that mandate predetermined consequences, sanctions, or interventions for specific offenses;

        ‘(ii) security procedures at school and while students are on the way to and from school, which may include the use of metal detectors and the development and implementation of formal agreements with law enforcement officials;

        ‘(iii) early intervention and prevention activities of demonstrated effectiveness designed to create and maintain safe, disciplined, and drug-free environments;

        ‘(iv) school readiness and family involvement activities;

        ‘(v) improvements to classroom management and school environment, such as efforts to reduce class size or improve classroom discipline;

        ‘(vi) procedures to identify and intervene with troubled students, including establishing linkages with, and referring students to, juvenile justice, community mental health, and other service providers;

        ‘(vii) activities that connect students to responsible adults in the community, including activities such as after-school or mentoring programs; and

        ‘(viii) a crisis management plan for responding to violent or traumatic incidents on school grounds, which provides for addressing the needs of victims, and communicating with parents, the media, law enforcement officials, and mental health service providers.

    ‘(3) Each applicant for a subgrant under section 4115 shall also include in its application--

      ‘(A) a description of how the services and activities to be supported will be coordinated with relevant programs under this part that are supported by State educational agencies, including how recipients will share resources, services, and data;

      ‘(B) a description of how the applicant will coordinate its activities under this part with those implemented under the Drug-Free Communities Act, if any; and

      ‘(C)(i) an assurance that it will evaluate its program every 2 years to assess its progress toward meeting its goals and objectives, and will use the results of its evaluation to improve its program and refine its goals and objectives as needed, if the applicant is not a local educational agency; or

      ‘(ii) the assurance under paragraph (2) if the applicant is a local educational agency.

    ‘(c) REVIEW OF APPLICATION-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- In reviewing local applications under this section--

        ‘(A) a State educational agency shall use a peer review process or other methods of assuring the quality of such applications; and

        ‘(B) Governors may use a peer review process or other methods that ensure that applications are funded and approved on the basis of need and quality.

      ‘(2) CONSIDERATIONS-

        ‘(A) In determining whether to approve the application of a local educational agency under this section, a State educational agency shall consider the quality of the local educational agency’s comprehensive plan under subsection (b)(2).

        ‘(B) A State educational agency may disapprove a local educational agency’s application under this section in whole or in part and may withhold, limit, or place restrictions on the use of funds allotted to such a local educational agency in a manner the State educational agency determines will best promote the purpose of this title, except that a local educational agency shall be afforded an opportunity to appeal any such disapproval.

‘SEC. 4117. NATIONAL EVALUATIONS AND DATA COLLECTIONS.

    ‘(a) NATIONAL EVALUATIONS-

      ‘(1) The Secretary shall provide for periodic national evaluations, at least every 2 years, of the quality and impact of programs under this title and other programs designed to prevent drugs and violence in schools and submit a report of the findings of such evaluations to the President and Congress.

      ‘(2)(A) The National Center for Education Statistics shall collect data for the following purposes:

        ‘(i) To determine the frequency, seriousness, and incidence of drug use by youth in schools and communities in the States using, if appropriate, data submitted by the States pursuant to subsection (b).

        ‘(ii) To determine the frequency, degree of harm, and morbidity of violent incidents, particularly firearm-related injuries and fatalities, by youth in schools and communities in the States, including information with respect to--

          ‘(I) the relationship between victims and perpetrators;

          ‘(II) demographic characteristics of victims and perpetrators; and

          ‘(III) type and characteristic of the firearm used in the shooting.

        ‘(B) The Secretary shall report to Congress on the data collected under this paragraph, together with such recommendations as the Secretary determines appropriate.

      ‘(3) The Secretary shall publish annual reports on school safety.

    ‘(b) STATE REPORTS-

      ‘(1) The Governor and State educational agency of each State shall annually report to the Secretary, in such form as the Secretary may require, on the State’s progress toward attaining its performance indicators, required under section 4112(a)(1)(B), for achieving drug-free, safe, and orderly learning environments in its schools. Annual reports shall--

        ‘(A) be based on the State’s ongoing evaluation activities;

        ‘(B) include data on the prevalence and incidence of drug use and violence by youth in schools and communities;

        ‘(C) address the implementation and outcomes of State and local programs under this part, as well as their effectiveness; and

        ‘(D) be made readily available to the public.

      ‘(2) Each State shall report to the Secretary, in such form as the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human services, may require, all school-related suicides and homicides within the State within 30 days of the incident.

    ‘(c) LOCAL REPORTS-

      ‘(1)(A) Each local educational agency that receives a subgrant under section 4113(d) shall report annually to the State educational agency and the public on--

          ‘(i) the local educational agency’s progress toward meeting its results-based performance indicators for its program;

          ‘(ii) the results of its on-going evaluation of its program; and

          ‘(iii) any problems the local educational agency has encountered in implementing its program that warrant the provision of technical assistance by the State educational agency.

        ‘(B)(i) The State educational agency shall review the annual reports described under paragraph (1) and shall not provide funding for the second or third year of a local educational agency’s program unless it determines that the local educational agency is making reasonable progress toward meeting its objectives.

        ‘(ii) Before the denial of funding under clause (i) a local educational agency shall be afforded an opportunity to a hearing.

      ‘(2)(A) Each recipient of funds under section 4115 shall report annually to the Governor and to the public on--

          ‘(i) its progress toward meeting its results-based performance measures for its program;

          ‘(ii) the results of its on-going evaluation of its program; and

          ‘(iii) any problems it encountered in implementing its program that warrant the provision of technical assistance by the Governor.

        ‘(B) The Governor shall review the annual reports described under subparagraph (A), and shall not provide funding for subsequent years of a multi-year program unless the Governor determines that the recipient is making reasonable progress toward meeting its objectives.

‘SEC. 4118. PROGRAMS FOR NATIVE HAWAIIANS.

    ‘(a) GENERAL AUTHORITY- From the funds made available pursuant to section 4111(a)(4) to carry out this section, the Secretary shall make grants to or enter into cooperative agreements or contracts with organizations primarily serving and representing Native Hawaiians, which are recognized by the Governor of the State of Hawaii to plan, conduct, and administer programs, or portions thereof, which are authorized by and consistent with the provisions of this title for the benefit of Native Hawaiians.

    ‘(b) DEFINITION OF NATIVE HAWAIIAN- For the purposes of this section, the term Native Hawaiian means any individual any of whose ancestors were natives, prior to 1778, of the area which now comprises the State of Hawaii.

‘SEC. 4119. PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVENESS.

    ‘The principles of effectiveness referred to under this title are as follows:

      ‘(1) The applicant’s program is based on a thorough assessment of objective data about the drug and violence problems in the schools and communities to be served.

      ‘(2) The applicant has established a set of measurable goals and objectives aimed at ensuring that all schools served by the local educational agency have a drug-free, safe, and orderly learning environment, and has designed its programs to meet those goals and objectives.

      ‘(3) The applicant has designed and will implement its programs for youth based on research or evaluation that provides evidence that the program to be used will prevent or reduce drug use, violence, delinquency, or disruptive behavior among youth.

      ‘(4) The applicant will evaluate its program periodically to assess its progress toward achieving its goals and objectives, and will use evaluation results to refine, improve, and strengthen its program, and refine its goals and objectives, as needed;

‘Subpart 2--National Programs

‘SEC. 4121. NATIONAL PROGRAMS.

    ‘(a) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED- From funds appropriated to carry out this part for each fiscal year under section 4004(2), the Secretary shall--

      ‘(1) carry out programs--

        ‘(A) designed to promote drug-free, safe, and orderly learning environments for students at all educational levels, from preschool through the postsecondary level;

        ‘(B) for such students that promote lifelong physical activity; and

      ‘(2) reserve the lesser of 5 percent or $10,000,000 to carry out section 4122, relating to Hate Crime prevention.

    ‘(b) DRUG-FREE, SAFE, AND ORDERLY LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS-

      ‘(1) The Secretary may carry out the programs described in subsection (a)(1)(A) directly, or through grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements with public and private agencies, organizations, and individuals, or through agreements with other Federal agencies, and shall coordinate with other Federal agencies, as appropriate.

      ‘(2) Programs under this subsection may include, but are not limited to--

        ‘(A) one or more centers to provide training and technical assistance for teachers, school administrators and staff, and others on the identification and implementation of effective strategies to promote safe, orderly, and drug-free learning environments;

        ‘(B) programs to train teachers in innovative techniques and strategies of effective drug and violence prevention;

        ‘(C) research and demonstration projects to test innovative approaches to drug and violence prevention;

        ‘(D) evaluations of the effectiveness of programs funded under this title, or other programs designed to create safe, disciplined, and drug-free environments;

        ‘(E) direct services and technical assistance to schools and school systems, including those afflicted with especially severe drug and violence problems;

        ‘(F) developing and disseminating drug and violence prevention materials and information in print, audiovisual, or electronic format, including information about effective research-based programs, policies, practices, strategies, and curriculum and other relevant materials to support drug and violence prevention education;

        ‘(G) recruiting, hiring, and training program coordinators to assist local educational agencies in implementing high-quality, effective, research-based drug and violence prevention programs;

        ‘(H) the development and provision of education and training programs, curricula, instructional materials, and professional training for preventing and reducing the incidence of crimes or conflicts motivated by bullying, hate, prejudice, intolerance, or sexual harassment and abuse;

        ‘(I) programs for youth who are out of the education mainstream, including school dropouts, students who have been suspended or expelled from their regular education program, and runaway or homeless children and youth;

        ‘(J) programs implemented in conjunction with other Federal agencies that support local educational agencies and communities in developing and implementing comprehensive programs that create safe, disciplined, and drug-free learning environments and promote healthy childhood development;

        ‘(K) services and activities that reduce the need for suspension and expulsion in maintaining classroom order and discipline;

        ‘(L) services and activities to prevent and reduce truancy;

        ‘(M) services and activities by an organization that uses an effective life management skills curriculum specifically designed to target at-risk and disenfranchised youth who are confronted with multiple challenging problems;

        ‘(N) programs to provide counseling services to troubled youth, including support for the recruitment and hiring of counselors and the operation of telephone help lines; and

        ‘(O) other activities that meet emerging or unmet national needs consistent with the purposes of this title.

    ‘(c) LIFELONG PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PROGRAMS-

      ‘(1) The Secretary may carry out the programs described in paragraph (2) directly, or through grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements with public and private agencies, organizations, and individuals, or through agreements with other Federal agencies, and shall coordinate with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Presidents Council on Physical Fitness, and other Federal agencies, as appropriate.

      ‘(2) Programs under this subsection may include, but are not limited to--

        ‘(A) the conduct of demonstrations of school-based programs that promote lifelong physical activity, with a particular emphasis on physical education programs that are part of coordinated school health programs, that promote healthy, drug-free lifestyles;

        ‘(B) training, technical assistance, and other activities to encourage States and local educational agencies to implement sound school-based programs that promote lifelong physical activity and healthy lifestyles; and

        ‘(C) activities designed to build State capacity to provide leadership and strengthen schools capabilities to provide school-based programs that promote lifelong physical activity and healthy lifestyles.

    ‘(d) PEER REVIEW- The Secretary shall use a peer review process in reviewing applications for funds under this section.

‘SEC. 4122. HATE CRIME PREVENTION.

    ‘(a) GRANT AUTHORIZATION- From funds reserved to carry out this section under section 4121(a)(2) the Secretary may make grants, on a competitive basis, to local educational agencies or local educational agencies in conjunction with community-based organizations for the purpose of providing assistance to localities most directly affected by hate crimes.

    ‘(b) USE OF FUNDS-

      ‘(1) PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT- Grants under this section may be used to improve elementary and secondary educational efforts, including--

        ‘(A) development of education and training programs designed to prevent and to reduce the incidence of crimes and conflicts motivated by hate;

        ‘(B) development of curricula for the purpose of improving conflict or dispute resolution skills of students, teachers, and administrators;

        ‘(C) development and acquisition of equipment and instructional materials to meet the needs of, or otherwise be part of, hate crime or conflict programs; and

        ‘(D) professional training and development for teachers and administrators on the causes, effects, and resolutions of hate crimes or hate-based conflicts.

      ‘(2) IN GENERAL- In order to be eligible to receive a grant under this section for any fiscal year, a local educational agency, or a local educational agency in conjunction with a community-based organization, shall submit an application to the Secretary in such form, at such time, and containing such information as the Secretary may reasonably require.

      ‘(3) REQUIREMENTS- Each application under paragraph (2) shall include--

        ‘(A) a request for funds to be used consistent with the purposes described in this section;

        ‘(B) a description of the schools and communities to be served by the grants; and

        ‘(C) or assurance that Federal funds received under this section shall be used to supplement, not supplant, non-Federal funds.

      ‘(4) COMPREHENSIVE PLAN- Each application shall also include a comprehensive plan that contains--

        ‘(A) a description of the hate crime or conflict problems within the schools or the community described in paragraph (3)(B);

        ‘(B) a description of the program to be developed or augmented by such Federal and non-Federal matching funds (which may be provided in cash, or in-kind);

        ‘(C) an assurance that such program or activity shall be administered by or under the supervision of the applicant;

        ‘(D) procedures for proper and efficient administration of such program; and

        ‘(E) procedures for fiscal control and fund accounting as may be necessary to ensure prudent use, proper disbursement, and accurate accounting of funds received under this section.

    ‘(c) AWARD OF GRANTS-

      ‘(1) SELECTION OF RECIPIENTS- The Secretary shall consider the incidence of crimes and conflicts motivated by bias in the schools and communities described in subsection (b)(3)(B) in awarding grants under this section.

      ‘(2) GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION- The Secretary shall attempt, to the extent practicable, to achieve an equitable geographic distribution of grant awards.

      ‘(3) DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION- The Secretary shall make available information regarding successful research based hate crime prevention programs, including programs established or expanded with grants under this section to grantees under this section.

    ‘(d) REPORTS- The Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Education and the Workforce in the House of Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions in the Senate a report every 2 years which shall contain a detailed statement regarding grants and awards, activities of grant recipients, and an evaluation of programs established under this section.

‘Subpart 3--General Provisions

‘SEC. 4131. DEFINITIONS.

    ‘For the purposes of this part:

      ‘(1) DRUG AND VIOLENCE PREVENTION- The term drug and violence prevention means--

        ‘(A) with respect to drugs, prevention, early intervention, rehabilitation, referral, or education related to the illegal use of alcohol and the use of controlled, illegal, addictive, or harmful substances, including inhalants and anabolic steroids;

        ‘(B) prevention, early intervention, smoking cessation activities, or education, related to the use of tobacco by children and youth eligible for services under this title; and

        ‘(C) with respect to violence, the promotion of school safety, such that students and school personnel are free from violent and disruptive acts, including sexual harassment and abuse, and victimization associated with prejudice and intolerance, on school premises, going to and from school, and at school-sponsored activities, through the creation and maintenance of a school environment that is free of weapons and fosters individual responsibility and respect for the rights of others.

      ‘(2) HATE CRIME- The term ‘hate crime’ means a crime as described in section 1(b) of the Hate Crime Statistics Act of 1990.

      ‘(3) NONPROFIT- The term ‘nonprofit’, as applied to a school, agency, organization, or institution means a school, agency, organization, or institution owned and operated by one or more nonprofit corporations or associations, no part of the net earnings of which inures, or may lawfully inure, to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.

      ‘(4) SCHOOL-AGED POPULATION- The term ‘school-aged population’ means the population aged 5 through 17, as determined by the Secretary on the basis of the most recent satisfactory data available from the Department of Commerce.

      ‘(5) SCHOOL PERSONNEL- The term ‘school personnel’ includes teachers, administrators, guidance counselors, social workers, psychologists, nurses, librarians, and other support staff who are employed by a school or who perform services for the school on a contractual basis.

‘SEC. 4132. MATERIALS.

    ‘(a) WRONG AND HARMFUL MESSAGE- Drug prevention programs supported under this part shall convey a clear and consistent message that the illegal use of alcohol and other drugs is wrong and harmful.

    ‘(b) CURRICULUM- The Secretary shall not prescribe the use of specific curricula for programs supported under this part, but may evaluate the effectiveness of such curricula and other strategies in drug and violence prevention.

‘SEC. 4133. PROHIBITED USES OF FUNDS.

    ‘No funds under this part may be used for--

      ‘(1) construction (except for minor remodeling needed to accomplish the purposes of this part); and

      ‘(2) medical services, drug treatment or rehabilitation, except for pupil services or referral to treatment for students who are victims of, or witnesses to, crime or who use alcohol, tobacco, or drugs.

‘PART B--TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE

‘SEC. 4211. COMPREHENSIVE PREVENTION TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS.

    ‘(a) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED- The Secretary is authorized to provide grants to State educational agencies that meet the requirements of this part to implement prevention programs that meet a high scientific standard of program effectiveness.

    ‘(b) CONTENTS OF STATE PLAN- To be eligible to receive a grant under this part, a State educational agency shall submit an application, to the Secretary at such time and including such information as the Secretary may reasonably require, including a State plan that describes--

      ‘(1) the process and selection criteria by which the State educational agency will make competitive grants to eligible local educational agencies;

      ‘(2) how the State educational agency will ensure that only high quality, well-defined, and well-documented comprehensive prevention programs are funded;

      ‘(3) how the State educational agency will disseminate materials developed or collected by the Secretary about research-based comprehensive prevention models that are proven to be effective and will provide technical assistance to assist local educational agencies in evaluating, selecting, developing, and implementing comprehensive prevention programs;

      ‘(4) how the State educational agency will evaluate the implementation of comprehensive prevention programs and measure the results achieved in preventing violence, criminal and delinquent behavior, substance abuse, and other problem behaviors and improving student academic performance;

      ‘(5) how the State educational agency will ensure that local programs meet the requirements of section 4214(c); and

      ‘(6) provide an assurance that funds provided under this part shall supplement, and not supplant, other Federal, State, and local funds that would otherwise be available for the purposes described under this part.

‘SEC. 4212. RESERVATIONS AND ALLOCATIONS.

    ‘(a) RESERVATIONS- From the funds made available under section 4004(3) to carry out this part for each fiscal year, the Secretary shall--

      ‘(1) reserve funds in accordance with paragraphs (1), (2), and (4) of section 4111(a); and

      ‘(2) except as provided in subsection (b), allocate the remainder of funds among the States in accordance with section 4111(b)(1).

    ‘(b) REALLOCATION OF FUNDS TO STATES- If a State educational agency does not develop a plan that meets the requirements of section 4211(b), the Secretary shall not make an allocation to the State under subsection (a)(2) and shall allocate such funds in accordance with section 4111(b)(1) to other States that have developed such plans. Funds allocated to a State under this subsection may be used only to implement programs under this subpart.

‘SEC. 4213. DISTRIBUTION OF FUNDS.

    ‘(a) FUNDS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Each State educational agency that receives an allocation under this part shall use such funds to make competitive grants to local educational agencies.

      ‘(2) AWARDS- In awarding competitive grants under this part, a State educational agency shall--

        ‘(A) give the highest priority to local educational agencies with demonstrated need in accordance with the criteria described in section 4113(d)(2)(C)(ii);

        ‘(B) make grant awards that are of sufficient size and scope to support the initial startup costs for a comprehensive prevention plan that meets the requirements of this part; and

        ‘(C) take into account the equitable distribution of awards to different geographic regions within the State, including urban and rural areas, and to schools serving elementary and secondary students.

    ‘(b) RESERVATION- A State educational agency may use not more than 5 percent of the funds made available to it under this section for administrative, evaluation, and technical assistance expenses, including expenses necessary to inform local educational agencies about research-based comprehensive prevention approaches that have proven to be effective.

‘SEC. 4214. LOCAL AWARDS.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- To be eligible to receive a subgrant under this subpart for any fiscal year, a local educational agency shall submit, at such time and including such information, as the State educational agency requires, an application to the State educational agency for approval.

    ‘(b) PLAN- Each local educational agency shall submit a plan to the State educational agency demonstrating how it will meet the requirements of subsection (c).

    ‘(c) USE OF FUNDS- A grant awarded to a local educational agency under this part shall be used only for the purpose of identifying and implementing comprehensive prevention programs that--

      ‘(1) employ strategies or approaches that are based on reliable research and that show effectiveness in preventing violence, criminal and delinquent behavior, substance abuse, and other problem behaviors and improving student academic performance;

      ‘(2) comprehensively address the mental, emotional, social, and physical health of children and adolescents;

      ‘(3) employ developmentally appropriate activities and interventions;

      ‘(4) assist children and adolescents in improving cognitive, affective, and behavioral skills;

      ‘(5) use methods that ensure the active engagement of the children and adolescents who participate and that facilitate better communication between children and adults about problem situations;

      ‘(6) provide for the meaningful involvement of parents, educators, health and mental health professionals, and the local community in planning and implementation;

      ‘(7) provide high-quality and continuous staff professional development and training;

      ‘(8) have measurable outcome goals and a clear evaluation plan, including annual reports to the State and the Secretary;

      ‘(9) use high-quality external technical support and assistance from individuals or entities with experience and expertise in developing, implementing, and evaluating comprehensive prevention approaches; and

      ‘(10) identify how other resources (Federal, State, local, and private) available to the State will be used to coordinate services to support and sustain the comprehensive prevention effort.

‘PART C--ALTERNATIVE EDUCATION

‘SEC. 4311. PURPOSE.

    ‘The purpose of this part is to assist local educational agencies to implement, establish, develop, or improve--

      ‘(1) sound and equitable policies that ensure a safe, orderly, and drug-free learning environment for all children, while reducing the need to suspend or expel students and the number of such suspensions and expulsions; and

      ‘(2) educational supports, services, and programs, using trained and qualified staff, for children aged 5 through 21 who have been suspended or expelled so such children make continuing progress toward meeting the State’s challenging academic standards.

‘SEC. 4312. RESERVATION AND ALLOTMENTS.

    ‘(a) RESERVATION- From the amount made available under section 4004(4) to carry out this part for each fiscal year, the Secretary--

      ‘(1) shall reserve 0.5 percent for grants to Guam, American Samoa, the United States Virgin Islands, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and until October 1, 2001, the Republic of Palau, the Marshall Islands, and the Federated States of Micronesia;

      ‘(2) shall reserve 1 percent for the Secretary of Interior to carry out programs under this part for Indian children; and

      ‘(3) may reserve not more than the lesser of 5 percent or $5,000,000 for evaluation and national activities under section 4322.

    ‘(b) STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY ALLOTMENTS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in paragraph (2), and after making the reservations in subsection (a), the Secretary shall, for each fiscal year, allocate among the States the remainder according to the ratio between the amount each State received under part A of title I for the preceding year and the sum of such amounts received by all the States.

      ‘(2) MINIMUM- For any fiscal year, the Secretary shall not allot to a State an amount under this subsection that is less than one-quarter of 1 percent of the total amount allotted to all the States under this subsection.

      ‘(3) REALLOTMENT- The Secretary may reallot any amount of any allotment to a State if the Secretary determines that the State will be unable to use such amount within two years of such allotment. Such reallotments shall be made on the same basis as allotments are made under paragraph (1).

    ‘(c) WITHIN-STATE DISTRIBUTION OF FUNDS- Each State educational agency having an approved application pursuant to section 4313 and receiving an allocation under subsection (b), shall--

      ‘(1) allocate not less than 95 percent of such allocation to local educational agencies pursuant to section 4317(a) or 4317(b); and

      ‘(2) reserve not more than 5 percent for State level activities and evaluation, of which not more than 40 percent may be used for administration.

    ‘(d) SPECIAL RULE- For the purposes of subsection (b) the term ‘State’ means the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.

‘SEC. 4313. STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY APPLICATIONS.

    ‘Each State educational agency seeking a grant under this part shall submit an application in such form, and containing such information, as the Secretary may reasonably require. At a minimum, the application shall include--

      ‘(1) a description of the competitive process the State educational agency will use to award subgrants to local educational agencies if the total amount appropriated to carry out this part is less than $350,000,000 in any given fiscal year;

      ‘(2) a description of the performance indicators the State educational agency will establish, consistent with section 4316, that will be used to evaluate local educational agency programs funded under this part;

      ‘(3) a description of the research-base of programs funded under this part;

      ‘(4) a description of the professional development necessary for teachers, other educators, and pupil services personnel to implement alternative education supports, services, and programs based on scientifically based research;

      ‘(5) a description of how the State will ensure a reduction in the number of suspensions and expulsions, including reductions among groups of minority, low-income, and disabled children;

      ‘(6) a description of the programs and activities the State will carry out under section 4315;

      ‘(7) an assurance that the State educational agency will make awards to local educational agencies under section 4317(a) based on the quality of their programs and their need for assistance under this part;

      ‘(8) a description of how the State will ensure the implementation of disciplinary policies that are fair and equitable;

      ‘(9) a description of how the State will ensure that supports, services, and programs funded under this part will enable children to meet challenging State academic standards;

      ‘(10) a description of how the State will ensure that programs funded under this part include adequate support services for students and their families, including counseling, and how the State will coordinate with and use services available through juvenile justice, mental health, and social services agencies;

      ‘(11) an assurance that the State and local educational agencies which receive funds under this part will use such funds to provide educational services to children who have been suspended or expelled from school; and

      ‘(12) a description of how the State will ensure the programs funded under this part provide adequate support for students to return to a regular education setting, if appropriate.

‘SEC. 4314. STATE APPLICATION APPROVAL.

    ‘The Secretary shall review the application of a State educational agency for assistance under this part and shall approve the application, unless the Secretary makes a determination in writing that such application does not meet the specific requirements of this part or is of insufficient quality to meet the goals and purposes of this part.

‘SEC. 4315. STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY ACTIVITIES.

    ‘(a) REQUIRED USES OF FUNDS- A State educational agency shall use funds reserved under section 4312(c)(2) for the following activities:

      ‘(1) IDENTIFICATION- Identification and dissemination of effective supports, services, and programs that are consistent with the purpose of this part, based on scientifically based research, to local educational agencies within the State.

      ‘(2) ASSISTANCE- Technical assistance designed to improve the performance of supports, services, and programs funded under this part.

      ‘(3) EVALUATION- Evaluation of programs funded under this part, and dissemination of the findings of the evaluations.

    ‘(b) PERMISSIVE USES OF FUNDS- A State educational agency may use funds reserved under section 4312(c)(2) for the following activities:

      ‘(1) DEVELOPMENT- Development of effective supports, services, and programs consistent with the purpose of this part.

      ‘(2) PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT- Professional development designed to provide teachers, pupil services personnel, and other related instructional personnel with skills necessary to integrate behavior intervention techniques and methodology into the academic curriculum used by the State and local educational agencies to maintain effective discipline and an environment conducive to learning that reduces the need to suspend or expel students.

      ‘(3) OTHER ACTIVITIES- Any other activities consistent with the purpose of this part.

‘SEC. 4316. STATE PERFORMANCE MEASURES.

    ‘Each State educational agency shall establish performance indicators and acceptable goals of progress to evaluate the effectiveness of programs funded under this part. Such performance indicators shall include, at a minimum:

      ‘(1) reduction in the number of incidents of disruptive and violent behavior;

      ‘(2) reduction in the number of suspensions and expulsions;

      ‘(3) reduction in the total amount of time students are out of school as a result of being suspended or expelled;

      ‘(4) attainment of challenging State academic standards by students in programs funded under this part;

      ‘(5) reduction in dropout rate; and

      ‘(6) an increase in the number of students returning successfully to a regular education program, as appropriate.

‘SEC. 4317. LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY DISTRIBUTION OF FUNDS.

    ‘(a) COMPETITIVE GRANTS- In any fiscal year in which the total amount provided under section 4004(4) is less than $350,000,000, the State educational agency shall distribute funds under section 4312(c)(1) on a competitive basis to local educational agencies that have an approved application under section 4318 and can demonstrate a significant number of incidents of children aged 5 through 21 who have been suspended or expelled from public school. Such competitive grant process shall--

      ‘(1) give priority to local educational agencies in which more than 30 percent of the children are from low-income families as determined under part A of title I;

      ‘(2) ensure that each grant is sufficient size and scope so as to be effective;

      ‘(3) ensure, to the extent practicable, the distribution of grants on an equitable geographic basis, including selecting agencies that serve urban, suburban, and rural populations; and

      ‘(4) utilize a peer review process to approve applications.

    ‘(b) FORMULA GRANTS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- In any fiscal year for which the total amount provided under section 4004(4) is more than, or equal to $350,000,000, the State educational agency shall distribute funds under section 4312(c)(1) on the following basis:

        ‘(A) 80 percent of such amount shall be allocated to such local educational agencies in proportion to the number of children, aged 5 through 17, who reside in the school district served by the local educational agency from families with incomes below the poverty line (as defined by the Office of Management and Budget and revised annually in accordance with section 673(2) of the Community Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9902(2)) applicable to a family of the size involved for the most recent fiscal year for which satisfactory data are available, compared to the number of such individuals who reside in the school districts served by all the local educational agencies in the State for that fiscal year.

        ‘(B) 20 percent of such amount shall be allocated to local educational agencies, based on the relative enrollments in public and private nonprofit elementary and secondary schools within the boundaries of such agencies.

      ‘(2) REALLOCATION- If a local educational agency chooses not to apply to receive the amount allocated to it under paragraph (1), or if such agency’s application is disapproved by the State educational agency pursuant to section 4319, the State educational agency shall reallocate such amount to other local educational agencies on the same basis as allocations are made under paragraph (1).

    ‘(c) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share of programs funded under this part shall be 65 percent for local educational agencies with poverty levels of 30 percent and above, and 35 percent for local educational agencies with poverty levels below 30 percent. Local educational agencies may satisfy the non-Federal share funding requirements of this section with in-kind contributions and may use Federal funds, other than those provided under this part, that may be used to carry out the purpose of this part.

‘SEC. 4318. LOCAL APPLICATION.

    ‘In order to be eligible to receive a grant under section 4317, for any fiscal year, a local educational agency shall submit an application to the State educational agency, at such time, and containing such information as the State educational agency shall require. Such application shall, at a minimum, include--

      ‘(1) an assurance that programs shall serve children aged 5 through 21 who have been suspended or expelled from another public school within the local educational agency;

      ‘(2) a description of how the local educational agency will provide, in a safe, orderly, and drug-free learning environment with trained and qualified staff, educational supports, services, and programs for students who have been suspended or expelled so such students are able to meet the State’s challenging academic standards;

      ‘(3) a description of the plan of the local educational agency for reducing the number of suspensions and expulsions and reducing the total amount of time students are out of a regular education setting as a result of being suspended or expelled;

      ‘(4) a plan for training teachers, pupil services personnel, and other appropriate school staff on effective strategies for dealing with disruptive students;

      ‘(5) a description of how the local educational agency will involve parents in the education of children who have been suspended or expelled, to the extent possible;

      ‘(6) an assurance that local educational agencies will develop annually increasing program performance goals, consistent with the State’s performance indicators under section 4316;

      ‘(7) information demonstrating how the applicant will continue the programs and activities developed under this part after completion of the grant;

      ‘(8) an assurance that the program will provide sufficient support services for children and their families, including counseling, and will coordinate with and utilize services provided through juvenile justice, social service, and mental health agencies;

      ‘(9) an assurance that the program will assist participating students in making the transition back to a regular education setting, as appropriate; and

      ‘(10) provide an assurance that such program will place an emphasis on personal, academic, social, and workplace skills and behavior modification, as appropriate.

‘SEC. 4319. LOCAL APPLICATION APPROVAL.

    ‘The State educational agency shall review the application of a local educational agency for assistance under this part. For the purposes of grants awarded under section 4317(b), such application shall be deemed approved unless the State makes a determination in writing that such application does not meet the specific requirements of this part or is of insufficient quality to meet the goals and purposes of this part.

‘SEC. 4320. LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY USES OF FUNDS.

    ‘Each local educational agency, with an approved application under section 4319, shall use funds provided under section 4317 for one or more of the following activities, which shall be based on the most relevant research:

      ‘(1) The development, establishment, or improvement of alternative schools, either established within a school or separate and apart from an existing school, that are designed--

        ‘(A) to reduce disruptive behavior;

        ‘(B) to reduce the need for repeat suspensions and expulsions; and

        ‘(C) to enable students to meet challenging State academic standards.

      ‘(2) The development, establishment, or improvement of alternative supports, services, programs, and strategies for students served by programs funded under this part.

      ‘(3) Professional development for teachers, administrators, pupil services personnel, and other school staff on the most effective ways of preventing students from disrupting class, and for dealing with those students who disrupt class.

      ‘(4) Mentoring, tutoring, and other services for students.

      ‘(5) Counseling and mental health services, such as mental health assessment and counseling, counseling on transitioning to work or other educational options, and family counseling.

      ‘(6) Programs in such areas as conflict resolution, peer mediation, character education, social skills building, alcohol, drug, and violence prevention, and behavior interventions.

      ‘(7) Programs providing sufficient support services for children and their families, including counseling, and coordination with and utilization of services provided through juvenile justice, social service, and mental health agencies.

      ‘(8) Activities to assist students in making the transition back to regular school programs, as appropriate.

      ‘(9) Programs to assist students to meet challenging academic standards.

      ‘(10) Other programs and activities consistent with the purpose of this part.

‘SEC. 4321. PROGRAM EVALUATION.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- (1) Each State educational agency receiving funds under this part shall evaluate the effectiveness of programs and activities carried out under this part in reducing the need to suspend or expel students and in helping students who have been suspended or expelled to meet the State’s challenging academic standards.

    ‘(2) In evaluating local programs, the State educational agency shall, as appropriate, review performance data based on the attainment of the goals established by local educational agencies under section 4318(6), disaggregated, as appropriate, on the basis of gender, race, ethnicity, migrant status, limited English proficiency status, disability, primary versus secondary education, and economic status.

    ‘(b) EVALUATION RESULTS, CORRECTIVE ACTION, AND TERMINATION OF FUNDS-

      ‘(1) RESULTS- Each State shall submit the results of its evaluation to the Secretary in an annual report. The Secretary shall submit a summary of the annual reports to both the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives and the Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee of the Senate.

      ‘(2) DISTRIBUTION- The State shall distribute the results of the evaluation of individual programs to each evaluated program.

      ‘(3) INSUFFICIENT PROGRESS- If the State educational agency determines that a local educational agency’s program under this part did not make sufficient progress toward the performance indicators established by the State educational agency based on the goals described in section 4318(6), the State educational agency shall provide technical assistance to such program. After two consecutive years of failure by a program to make sufficient progress toward the levels of performance established by the State educational agency, the State educational agency shall take such action as may be necessary, including the withdrawal of funds, in whole or in part, from such program.

‘SEC. 4322. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES AND EVALUATION.

    ‘(a) EVALUATION BY THE SECRETARY- The Secretary shall evaluate a representative sample of the programs funded under this part, and shall report the findings of the evaluation to the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate not later than 3 years after the first grants are made under this part.

    ‘(b) RESEARCH- The Secretary shall conduct research to develop and identify proven alternative education practices. The Secretary shall disseminate such alternative education practices to State educational agencies and local educational agencies receiving funds under this title.

    ‘(c) OTHER NATIONAL ACTIVITIES- The Secretary may directly, or through grants or contracts, carry out programs and activities consistent with the purpose of this part, such as collection of data, dissemination of information, and development of model programs and activities.

‘SEC. 4323. SPECIAL RULE.

    ‘(a) CONSTRUCTION- Nothing in this part shall be construed to affect the requirements of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act or the Gun-Free Schools Act.

    ‘(b) SUPPLEMENT- Funds made available under this part shall be used to supplement, and shall not supplant, non-Federal funds available to carry out programs and activities authorized by this part.

‘PART D--RESOURCE STAFF FOR STUDENTS

‘SEC. 4411. FINDINGS.

    ‘Congress finds the following:

      ‘(1) Although 7,500,000 children under the age of 18 require mental health services, fewer than 1 in 5 of these children receive the services.

      ‘(2) Across the United States, counseling professionals have an extremely busy caseload and often students do no get the help they need. The current national average ratio of students to counselors in elementary and secondary schools is 513:1.

      ‘(3) Schools in the United States need more mental health professionals, and the funds needed to hire staff to specifically serve students.

      ‘(4) The maximum recommended ratio of students-to-counselors is 250:1.

      ‘(5) Existing counselors are severely taxed to perform duties that are largely administrative in nature, such as scheduling. They are burdened with many demands regarding placement in colleges, testing, career guidance, and the like.

      ‘(6) Student populations are expected to grow significantly over the next few years. School-based services for students will be in great demand. With expected large scale retirements, more than 100,000 new dedicated resource staff for students will be needed to increase student-to-staff service availability.

      ‘(7) The Federal support for reducing the student-to-staff ratio would pay for itself, through reduced violence and substance abuse, and through improvements in students’ academic achievement.

‘SEC. 4412. PURPOSE.

    ‘The purpose of this part is to assist States and local educational agencies to recruit, train, and hire 100,000 school-based resource staff to specifically work with students--

      ‘(1) to reduce the student-to-counseling ratios nationally, in grades 6-12, to an average of 1 such staff for every 250 students as recommended in a report by the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences relating to schools and health, issued in 1997;

      ‘(2) to help address the mental, emotional, and developmental needs of public school students; and

      ‘(3) to support other school staff and teachers in reaching students early before problems arise, conducting behavioral interventions to improve school discipline, and developing the awareness and skills to identify early warning signs of violence and the need for mental health services.

‘SEC. 4413. STUDENT RESOURCE STAFF PROGRAM.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- From funds provided under section 4004(s), the Secretary shall award grants under this part to establish or expand the number of resource staff available for students’ needs.

      ‘(1) DISTRIBUTION- In awarding grants under this part, the Secretary shall allocate funds proportionately based on the population that is less than 18 years of age in each local educational agency.

      ‘(2) DURATION- A grant under this section shall be awarded for a period not to exceed 3 years.

    ‘(b) APPLICATIONS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Each local educational agency desiring a grant under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may reasonably require.

      ‘(2) CONTENTS- Each application for a grant under this section shall--

        ‘(A) describe the secondary public school population to be targeted by the program, the particular personal, social, emotional, education, and career development needs of such population, and the current school counseling resources available for meeting such needs;

        ‘(B) describe the activities, services, and training to be provided by the program and the specific approaches to be used to meet the needs described in subparagraph (A);

        ‘(C) describe the methods to be used to evaluate the outcomes and effectiveness of the program; and

        ‘(D) document that the applicant has the personnel qualified to develop, implement, and administer the program.

    ‘(c) USE OF FUNDS- Funds under this section shall be used to initiate or expand student resource staff programs that carry out the purpose under section.‘(d) DEFINITIONS- For the purpose of this part the term ‘resource staff’ means an individual who has documented competence and training in mental health to be able to provide services to children and adolescents in a school setting and who--

      ‘(1) possesses State licensure or certification in mental health granted by an independent professional regulatory authority;

      ‘(2) in the absence of such State licensure or certification, possesses national certification in mental health or in a related specialty granted by an independent professional organization;

      ‘(3) holds at least a master’s degree in school counseling from a program accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs or an equivalent degree;

      ‘(4) possesses a minimum of 60 graduate semester hours in school psychology from an institution of higher education and has completed 1,200 clock hours in a supervised school psychology internship, of which 600 hours shall be in the school setting, and possesses State licensure or certification in school psychology in the State in which the individual works; or

      ‘(5) holds a master’s degree in social work and is licensed or certified by the State in which services are to be provided or holds a school social work specialist credential.

‘PART E--PROJECT SERV

‘SEC. 4510. PROJECT SERV.

    ‘(a) PROJECT SERV- (1) From funds appropriated to carry out this part for each fiscal year under section 4004(6), the Secretary is authorized to carry out a program of providing education-related services to local educational agencies in which the learning environment has been disrupted due to a violent or traumatic crisis, such as a shooting or major accident. Such program may be referred to as ‘Project SERV’.

    ‘(2) The Secretary may carry out Project SERV directly, or through grants, contacts, or cooperative agreements with public and private organizations, agencies, and individuals, or through agreements with other Federal agencies.

    ‘(b) AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES- (1) Project SERV may provide--

      ‘(A) assistance to school personnel in assessing a crisis situation, including--

        ‘(i) assessing the resources available to the local educational agency and community to respond to the situation; and

        ‘(ii) developing a response plan to coordinate services provided at the Federal, State, and local level;

      ‘(B) mental health crisis counseling to students and their families, teachers, and others in need of such services;

      ‘(C) increased school security;

      ‘(D) training and technical assistance for State and local educational agencies, State and local mental health agencies, State and local law enforcement agencies, and communities to enhance their capacity to develop and implement crisis intervention plans;

      ‘(E) services and activities designed to identify and disseminate the best practices of school and community-related plans for responding to crises; and

      ‘(F) other needed services and activities that are consistent with the purposes of this part.

    ‘(2) The Secretary, in consultation with the Attorney General, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, and the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency--

      ‘(A) shall establish such criteria and application requirements as may be needed to select which local educational agencies are assisted under this part; and

      ‘(B) may establish such reporting requirements as may be needed to collect uniform data and other information from all local educational agencies assisted under this part.

    ‘(c) COORDINATING COMMITTEE- (1) There shall be established a Federal coordinating committee on school crises comprised of the Secretary, the Attorney General, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy, and such other members as the Secretary shall determine. The Secretary shall serve as chair of the committee.

    ‘(2) The committee shall coordinate the Federal responses to crises that occur in schools or directly affect the learning environment in schools.

‘PART F--RELATED PROVISIONS, GUN-FREE SCHOOLS ACT

‘SEC. 4511. GUN-FREE SCHOOLS.

    ‘(a) SHORT TITLE- This part may be cited as the ‘Gun-Free Schools Act’.

    ‘(b) REQUIREMENTS-

      ‘(1) Each State receiving Federal funds under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 shall have in effect a State law requiring local educational agencies to expel from school, for a period of not less than one year, a student who is determined to have possessed a firearm at school under the jurisdiction of a local educational agency in that State, except that such State law shall allow the chief administering officer of that local educational agency to modify the expulsion requirement for a student on a case-by-case basis.

      ‘(2) For the purpose of this section, the term ‘firearm’ has the same meaning given that term in section 921 of title 18, United States Code (which includes bombs).

    ‘(c) SPECIAL RULE- This section shall be construed in a manner consistent with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

    ‘(d) REPORT TO STATE- Each local educational agency requesting assistance from the State educational agency under this Act shall provide to the State in its application--

      ‘(1) an assurance that such local educational agency is in compliance with the State law required by subsection (b);

      ‘(2) a description of the circumstances surrounding any expulsions imposed under the State law required by subsection (b), including--

        ‘(A) the name of the school concerned;

        ‘(B) the number of students expelled from such school (disaggregated by gender, race, ethnicity, and educational level); and

        ‘(C) the type of weapons concerned; and

      ‘(3) the number of--

        ‘(A) students referred to the criminal justice or juvenile justice system as required by section 4512(a)(1); and

        ‘(B) instances in which the chief administering officer of a local educational agency modified the expulsion requirement described in subsection (b)(1) on a case-by-case basis.

    ‘(e) REPORTING- Each State shall report the information described in subsection (d) to the Secretary on an annual basis.

‘SEC. 4512. REQUIREMENTS.

    ‘(a) REQUIRED POLICIES- No funds shall be made available under this Act to any local educational agency unless that agency has a policy ensuring--

      ‘(1) that any student who possesses a firearm at school served by such agency is referred to the criminal justice or juvenile justice system;

      ‘(2) that a student described in paragraph (1) is referred to a mental health professional for assessment as to whether he or she poses an imminent threat of harm to himself, herself, or others and needs appropriate mental health services before readmission to school; and

      ‘(3) that a student under paragraph (1) who has been determined by a mental health professional to pose an imminent threat of harm to himself, herself, or others receive appropriate mental health services before being permitted to return to school.

    ‘(b) SPECIAL RULE- This section shall be construed in a manner consistent with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

    ‘(c) DEFINITIONS- For the purposes of this section, the terms ‘firearm’ and ‘school’ have the same meaning given those terms in section 921(a) of title 18, United States Code.

‘SEC. 4513. POLICIES.

    ‘(a) REQUIRED POLICY- Each State educational agency and local educational agency that receives funds under this title shall have a policy that prohibits cigarette vending machines, and the illegal possession or use of drugs and alcohol, in any form, at any time, and by any person, in school buildings, on school grounds, or at any school-sponsored event.

    ‘(b) ASSURANCE- Each local educational agency requesting assistance under this title from the State educational agency shall include in its application an assurance that it is in compliance with the requirements of this section.

    ‘(c) STATE REPORTING- Each State educational agency shall report to the Secretary on an annual basis if any local educational agency is not in compliance with the requirements of subsection (a).

‘SEC. 4514. SUPPLANTING PROHIBITED.

    Funds under this title shall be used to increase the level of State, local, and other non-Federal funds that would, in the absence of funds under this title, be made available for programs and activities authorized under this title, and in no case to supplant such State, local, and other non-Federal funds.’.

SEC. 6. INNOVATIVE EDUCATIONAL STRATEGIES.

    (a) ALLOTMENT- Section 6101(a) of the Act is amended as follows:

    ‘(a) RESERVATIONS AND ALLOTMENTS-

      ‘(1) PAYMENTS TO OUTLYING AREAS- From the sums appropriated to carry out this title for any fiscal year (excluding sums appropriated under section 6405(b)), the Secretary shall reserve not to exceed 1 percent for payments to outlying areas to be allotted in accordance with their respective needs.

      ‘(2) ALLOTMENTS TO STATES FOR LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES DEMONSTRATING ADEQUATE YEARLY PROGRESS- From the sums appropriated to under section 6405(b) for any fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve 100 percent. The Secretary shall allot to each State an amount which bears the same ratio to the reserved amount as the school-age population of the State bears to the school-age population of all States, except that no State shall receive less than an amount equal to 1/2 of 1 percent of such reserved amount.’.

    (b) ALLOCATION TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES-

      (1) Section 6102(a) is amended by redesignating subsections (a), (a)(1), (a)(2), and (a)(3) as subsections (a)(1), (a)(1)(A), (a)(1)(B), and (a)(1)(C), respectively.

      (2) Section 6102(a)(1), as redesignated, is amended by striking ‘From’ and inserting ‘Subject to paragraph (2), from’.

      (3) Section 6102(a) is amended by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(2) DISTRIBUTIONS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES DEMONSTRATING ADEQUATE YEARLY PROGRESS-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL-

          ‘(i) DISTRIBUTION RULE- From the sums made available to a State for a fiscal year under section 6101(a)(2), the State shall distribute, in accordance with paragraph (1), not less than 96 percent to local educational agencies within such State that have demonstrated adequate yearly progress with respect to the previous fiscal year. Such sums shall be used locally for innovative assistance described in section 6301(b).

          ‘(ii) DEFINITION- For purposes of this subparagraph, adequate yearly progress for a local educational agency shall be defined in a manner that--

            ‘(I) applies the same high standards of academic performance to all;

            ‘(II) takes into account the progress of all students served under section 1114 or 1115;

            ‘(III) compares separately, the performance and progress of students by gender, each major ethnic and racial group, by English proficiency status, by migrant status, by students with disabilities as compared to nondisabled students, and by economically disadvantaged students as compared to students who are not economically disadvantaged (except that such disaggregation shall not be required in a case in which the number of students in a category is insufficient to yield statistically reliable information or the results would reveal individually identifiable information about an individual student);

            ‘(IV) compares the proportions of students at the ‘basic’, ‘proficient’, and ‘advanced’ levels of performance with the proportions of students at each of the 3 levels in the same grade in the previous school year;

            ‘(V) at the State’s discretion, may also include other academic measures such as promotion, completion of college preparatory courses, and high school completion, except that inclusion of such other measures may not change which schools would otherwise be subject to improvement or corrective action under section 1116 if the discretionary indicators were not included;

            ‘(VI) means not less than 90 percent of the schools within its jurisdiction meet the State’s criteria for adequate yearly progress;

            ‘(VII) includes annual numerical goals for improving the performance of all groups specified in subclause (III) and narrowing gaps in performance between these groups; and

            ‘(VIII) includes a timeline for ensuring that each group of students described in subclause (III) meets or exceeds the State’s proficient level of performance on each State assessment used for the purposes of section 1111 and section 1116 within 10 years from the date of the enactment of the Safe and Successful Schools Act.

        ‘(B) LIMITATION ON ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS- Not more than 4 percent of the sums made available to a State for a fiscal year under section 6101(a)(2) may be used by the State for administration and supervision of programs assisted under this title.’.

    (c) STRATEGIES- Part A of title VI of the Act is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘SEC. 6103. ANNUAL PERFORMANCE REPORTING.

    ‘(a) A local education agency that receive funds under this title shall report annually to the State Education Agency on--

      ‘(1) the specific purposes for which the funds were used;

      ‘(2) the measurable impact such funds had on student achievement and enabling children to achieve challenging State academic standards; and

      ‘(3) the extent to which the local education agency met the goals established by the State Education Agency for annual progress on improving student academic achievement and student performance.

    ‘(b) A local education agency receiving funds under this Title shall annually report to the public information on the agency’s annual progress in meeting the goals established by the State, and the specific purposes for which funds under this Title were used.

    ‘(c) A local education agency shall not receive funds under this title unless in complies with the requirements of this section.’.

    (d) STATE APPLICATIONS- Paragraph (2) of section 6202(a) of this Act is amended to read as follows:

      ‘(2)(A) annually provides the submission of data on the use of funds, the types of services furnished, and the extent that special populations and economically disadvantaged students were served relative to the overall student population for each local education agency.

      ‘(B) provides, beginning in 2002, for a rigorous, independent evaluation of this title’s effectiveness in each local education agency in the state in improving student academic achievement and student performance, consistent with the goals specified in paragraph (8).’.

    (e) GOALS- Section 6202(a) of the Act is amended by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(8) provides an assurance that the State educational agency will establish specific measurable goals for the annual progress of local education agencies and schools within the State with respect to improving student academic achievement and student performance.’.

    (f) LOCAL ACTIVITY- Section 6301(b) is amended

      (1) by redesignating paragraphs (8) and (9) as paragraphs (9) and (10); and

      (2) after paragraph (7), by inserting the following:

      ‘(8) programs to encourage academic rigor in scientific education in elementary schools through the environmental sciences, including the use of hands-on recycling;’.

    (g) DEFINITIONS AND DATA ELEMENTS- Part D of title VI of the Act is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘SEC. 6404. DEFINITIONS AND DATA ELEMENTS.

    ‘The Secretary shall establish, in consultation with the States, common definitions and data elements to ensure that data required to be provided under this title are comparable across States and the data can be used by the Department for compliance with the Government Performance and Results Act.’.

    (h) AUTHORIZATION- Section 6002 of the Act is amended to read as follows:

‘SEC. 6002. AUTHORIZATION.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- To carry out the purposes of this title, there are authorized to be appropriated $400,000,000 for fiscal year 2001 and such sums as may be necessary for the 4 succeeding fiscal years.’.

    ‘(b) FUNDS FOR LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES DEMONSTRATING ADEQUATE YEARLY PROGRESS- For purposes of making allotments to States under section 6101(a)(2), there are authorized to be appropriated, in addition to any amounts appropriated under subsection (a), $200,000,000 for fiscal years 2001 through 2005.

    (i) CLASS SIZE REDUCTION- At the end of title VI of the Act, insert the following:

‘PART E--CLASS SIZE REDUCTION

‘SEC. 6511. GRANT PROGRAM.

    ‘(a) PURPOSE- The purposes of this section are--

      ‘(1) to reduce class size through the use of fully qualified teachers;

      ‘(2) to assist States and local educational agencies in recruiting, hiring, and training 100,000 teachers in order to reduce class sizes nationally, in grades 1 through 3, to an average of 18 students per regular classroom; and

      ‘(3) to improve teaching in those grades so that all students can learn to read independently and well by the end of the 3rd grade.

    ‘(b) ALLOTMENT TO STATES-

      ‘(1) RESERVATION- From the amount made available to carry out this subpart for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve not more than 1 percent for the Secretary of the Interior (on behalf of the Bureau of Indian Affairs) and the outlying areas for activities carried out in accordance with this section.

      ‘(2) STATE ALLOTMENTS-

        ‘(A) HOLD HARMLESS-

          ‘(i) IN GENERAL- Subject to subparagraph (B) and clause (ii), from the amount made available to carry out this subpart for a fiscal year and not reserved under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall allot to each State an amount equal to the amount that such State received for the preceding fiscal year under this section or section 310 of the Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2000, as the case may be.

          ‘(ii) RATABLE REDUCTION- If the amount made available to carry out this subpart for a fiscal year and not reserved under paragraph (1) is insufficient to pay the full amounts that all States are eligible to receive under clause (i) for such fiscal year, the Secretary shall ratably reduce such amounts for such fiscal year.

        ‘(B) ALLOTMENT OF ADDITIONAL FUNDS-

          ‘(i) IN GENERAL- Subject to clause (ii), for any fiscal year for which the amount made available to carry out this part and not reserved under paragraph (1) exceeds the amount made available to the States for the preceding year under the authorities described in subparagraph (A)(i), the Secretary shall allot to each of those States the percentage of the excess amount that is the greater of--

            ‘(I) the percentage the State received for the preceding fiscal year of the total amount made available to the States under section 1122; or

            ‘(II) the percentage so received of the total amount made available to the States under section 6511(b), as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the Safe and Successful Schools Act, or the corresponding provision of this title, as the case may be.

          ‘(ii) RATABLE REDUCTIONS- If the excess amount for a fiscal year is insufficient to pay the full amounts that all States are eligible to receive under clause (i) for such fiscal year, the Secretary shall ratably reduce such amounts for such fiscal year.

    ‘(c) ALLOCATION TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES-

      ‘(1) ALLOCATION- Each State that receives funds under this section shall allocate 100 percent of those funds to local educational agencies, of which--

        ‘(A) 80 percent shall be allocated to those local educational agencies in proportion to the number of children, age 5 through 17, from families with incomes below the poverty line (as defined by the Office of Management and Budget and revised annually in accordance with section 673(2) of the Community Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9902(2))) applicable to a family of the size involved, who reside in the school district served by that local educational agency for the most recent fiscal year for which satisfactory data are available, compared to the number of those children who reside in the school districts served by all the local educational agencies in the State for that fiscal year; and

        ‘(B) 20 percent shall be allocated to those local educational agencies in accordance with the relative enrollments of children, age 5 through 17, in public and private nonprofit elementary schools and secondary schools within the areas served by those agencies.

      ‘(2) EXCEPTION- Notwithstanding paragraph (1) and subsection (d)(2)(B), if the award to a local educational agency under this section is less than the starting salary for a new fully qualified teacher for a school served by that agency, that agency may use funds made available under this section to--

        ‘(A) help pay the salary of a full- or part-time fully qualified teacher hired to reduce class size, which may be done in combination with the expenditure of other Federal, State, or local funds; or

        ‘(B) pay for activities described in subsection (d)(2)(A)(iii) that may be related to teaching in smaller classes.

    ‘(d) USE OF FUNDS-

      ‘(1) MANDATORY USES- Each local educational agency that receives funds under this section shall use those funds to carry out effective approaches to reducing class size through use of fully qualified teachers to improve educational achievement for both regular and special needs children, with particular consideration given to reducing class size in the early elementary grades for which some research has shown class size reduction is most effective.

      ‘(2) PERMISSIBLE USES-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- Each such local educational agency may use funds made available under this section for--

          ‘(i) recruiting (including through the use of signing bonuses, and other financial incentives), hiring, and training fully qualified regular and special education teachers (which may include hiring special education teachers to team-teach with regular teachers in classrooms that contain both children with disabilities and non-disabled children) and teachers of special needs children;

          ‘(ii) testing new teachers for academic content knowledge, and to meet State certification or licensing requirements that are consistent with title II of the Higher Education Act of 1965; and

          ‘(iii) providing professional development (which may include such activities as promoting retention and mentoring) for teachers, including special education teachers and teachers of special needs children, in order to meet the goal of ensuring that all teachers have the general knowledge, teaching skills, and subject matter knowledge necessary to teach effectively in the content areas in which the teachers teach, consistent with title II of the Higher Education Act of 1965.

        ‘(B) LIMITATION ON TESTING AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT-

          ‘(i) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in clause (ii), a local educational agency may use not more than a total of 25 percent of the funds received by the agency under this section for activities described in clauses (ii) and (iii) of subparagraph (A).

          ‘(ii) WAIVERS- A local educational agency may apply to the State educational agency for a waiver that would permit the agency to use more than 25 percent of the funds the agency receives under this section for activities described in subparagraph (A)(iii) for the purpose of helping teachers who are not yet fully qualified in attaining full qualification if--

            ‘(I) the agency is in an Ed-Flex Partnership State under the Education Flexibility Partnership Act of 1999; and

            ‘(II) 10 percent or more of the elementary school classes are taught by individuals who are not fully qualified teachers or the State educational agency has waived State certification or licensing requirements for 10 percent or more of such teachers.

          ‘(iii) USE OF FUNDS UNDER WAIVER- If the State educational agency approves the local educational agency’s application for a waiver under clause (ii), the local educational agency may use the funds subject to the conditions of the waiver for activities described in subparagraph (A)(iii) that are needed to ensure that all elementary school classes in such local educational agency are taught by fully qualified teachers by not later than December 31, 2003.

        ‘(C) USE OF FUNDS BY AGENCIES THAT HAVE REDUCED CLASS SIZE- Notwithstanding subparagraph (B), a local educational agency that has already reduced class size in the early elementary grades to 18 or fewer children (or has already reduced class size to a State or local class size reduction goal that was in effect on November 28, 1999 if that goal is 20 or fewer children) may use funds received under this section--

          ‘(i) to make further class size reductions in kindergarten through third grade;

          ‘(ii) to reduce class size in other grades; or

          ‘(iii) to carry out activities to improve teacher quality, including professional development.

      ‘(3) SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT- Each such agency shall use funds made available under this section only to supplement, and not to supplant, State and local funds that, in the absence of funds made available under this section, would otherwise be expended for activities described in this section.

      ‘(4) LIMITATION ON USE FOR SALARIES AND BENEFITS-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in subparagraph (B), no funds made available under this section may be used to increase the salaries of, or provide benefits (other than participation in professional development and enrichment programs) to, teachers who are not hired under this section.

        ‘(B) EXCEPTION- Funds made available under this section may be used to pay the salaries of teachers hired under section 310 of the Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2000.

    ‘(e) REPORTS-

      ‘(1) STATE ACTIVITIES- Each State receiving funds under this section shall prepare and submit to the Secretary a biennial report on activities carried out in the State under this section that provides the information described in section 6122(a)(2) with respect to the activities.

      ‘(2) PROGRESS CONCERNING CLASS SIZE AND QUALIFIED TEACHERS- Each State and local educational agency receiving funds under this section shall annually report to parents and the public, in numeric form as compared to the previous year, on--

        ‘(A) the agency’s progress in reducing class size, and increasing the percentage of classes in core academic areas taught by fully qualified teachers ; and

        ‘(B) the impact that hiring additional fully qualified teachers and reducing class size, has had, if any, on increasing student academic achievement.

      ‘(3) PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATIONS- Each local educational agency that receives funds under this section shall provide, upon request, to any parent of a student attending any school in a local educational agency receiving funds under this section, in an understandable and uniform format, information regarding the professional qualifications of the student’s teacher, including--

        ‘(A) whether the teacher has met State qualification and licensing criteria for the grade levels and subject areas in which the teacher provides instruction;

        ‘(B) whether the teacher is teaching under emergency or other provisional status through which the State qualifications or licensing criteria have been waived;

        ‘(C) the college major of the teacher and any other graduate certification or degree held by the teacher, and the field or discipline of the certificate or degree; and

        ‘(D) the school or local educational agency’s hiring policy.

      ‘(4) NOTICE- Each local educational agency that receives funds under this section shall provide to each individual parent of a child who attends a school in such local educational agency timely, written notice if the child has been assigned or has been taught for two or more consecutive weeks by a substitute teacher, as defined by such local educational agency, or a teacher who is not fully qualified.

    ‘(f) PRIVATE SCHOOLS- If a local educational agency uses funds made available under this section for professional development activities, the agency shall ensure the equitable participation of private nonprofit elementary schools and secondary schools in such activities in accordance with section 6402. Section 6402 shall not apply to other activities carried out under this section.

    ‘(g) ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES- A local educational agency that receives funds under this section may use not more than 3 percent of such funds for local administrative costs.

    ‘(h) REQUEST FOR FUNDS- Each local educational agency that desires to receive funds under this section shall include in the application required under section 6303 a description of the agency’s program to reduce class size by hiring additional fully qualified teachers.

    ‘(i) CERTIFICATION, LICENSING, AND COMPETENCY- No funds made available under this section may be used to pay the salary of any teacher hired with funds made available under section 310 of the Department of Education Appropriations Act, 2000, unless, by the start of the 2000-2001 school year, the teacher is fully qualified.

    ‘(j) DEFINITION- In this section:

      ‘(1) CERTIFIED- The term ‘certified’ includes certification through State or local alternative routes.

      ‘(2) PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT- The term ‘professional development’ means sustained and intensive activities that improve teachers’ content knowledge and teaching skills and that--

        ‘(A) are part of a comprehensive plan to ensure that, by December 21, 2003, all classes in local educational agencies served under this part are taught by fully qualified teachers;

        ‘(B) enhance the ability of teachers to help all students, including females, minorities, children with disabilities, children with limited English proficiency and economically disadvantaged children, reach high State and local content and student performance standards;

        ‘(C) advance teacher understanding of one or more of the core academic subject areas and effective instructional strategies for improving student achievement in those areas, including technology;

        ‘(D) are directly related to the subject area in which the teacher provides instruction;

        ‘(E) are of sufficient duration to have a positive and lasting impact on classroom instruction;

        ‘(F) are an integral part of broader school and district-wide plans for raising student achievement to State and local standards;

        ‘(G) are aligned with State content and student performance standards;

        ‘(H) are based on the best available research on teaching and learning;

        ‘(I) include professional development activities that involve collaborative groups of teachers and administrators from the same school or district and, to the greatest extent possible, include follow-up and school-based support such as coaching or study groups; and

        ‘(J) as a whole, are regularly evaluated for their impact on increased teacher effectiveness and improved student achievement, with the findings of such evaluations used to improve the quality of professional development.

      ‘(3) STATE- The term ‘State’ means each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

‘SEC. 6512. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ‘There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this part $2,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2001 and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 2002 through 2005.

‘PART F--HIGHER STANDARDS, HIGHER PAY

‘SEC. 6611. AUTHORIZATION

    ‘(a) AUTHORIZATION- The Secretary is authorized to award competitive grants to high-poverty local educational agencies to assist them in attracting and retaining fully qualified teachers and high-quality principals through better pay and benefits.

    ‘(b) ELIGIBILITY- In order to be eligible to receive a grant under this part an eligible applicant shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, and containing such information, as the Secretary may require.

    ‘(c) ELIGIBLE ENTITY- For the purposes of this part, an eligible entity shall be a partnership consisting of--

      ‘(1) a local educational agency; and

      ‘(2) local for-profit businesses; and

      ‘(3) local teacher unions.

    ‘(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATION- There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2001 and each of the 4 subsequent fiscal years to carry out this part.’.

SEC. 7. FUND FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATION.

    Part A of title X of the Act is amended to read as follows:

‘PART A--FUND FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATION

‘SEC. 10101. FUND FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATION.

    ‘(a) FUND AUTHORIZED- From funds appropriated under subsection (e), the Secretary is authorized to support nationally significant programs and projects to improve the quality of elementary and secondary education, assist all students to meet challenging State content standards and challenging State student performance standards, and contribute to achievement of America’s Education Goals. The Secretary is authorized to carry out such programs and projects directly or through grants to, or contracts with, State and local educational agencies, institutions of higher education, and other public and private agencies, organizations, and institutions.

    ‘(b) USES OF FUNDS- Funds under this section may be used for--

      ‘(1) activities that will promote systemic education reform at the State and local levels, such as--

        ‘(A) research and development related to challenging State content and challenging State student performance standards;

        ‘(B) the development and evaluation of model strategies for--

          ‘(i) assessment of student learning;

          ‘(ii) professional development for teachers and administrators;

          ‘(iii) parent and community involvement; and

          ‘(iv) other aspects of systemic reform;

        ‘(C) developing and evaluating strategies for eliminating ability-grouping practices, and developing policies and programs that place all students on a college-preparatory path of study, particularly in academic fields such as mathematics, science, English, and social studies, including comprehensive inservice programs for teachers and pupil services personnel and academic enrichment programs that supplement regular courses for students;

        ‘(D) developing and evaluating programs that directly involve parents and family members in the academic progress of their children;

        ‘(E) developing and evaluating strategies for integrating instruction and assessment such that teachers and administrators can focus on what students should know and be able to do at particular grade levels, which instruction shall promote the synthesis of knowledge, encouraging the development of problem-solving skills drawing on a vast range of disciplines, and promoting the development of higher order thinking by all students; and

        ‘(F) developing and evaluating strategies for supporting professional development for teachers across all disciplines that is consistent with the requirements of Title II and for pupil services personnel, guidance counselors, and administrators, including inservice training that improves the skills of pupil services personnel, counselors and administrators for working with students from diverse populations;

      ‘(2) demonstrations at the State and local levels that are designed to yield nationally significant results, including approaches to public school choice and school-based decisionmaking;

      ‘(3) joint activities with other agencies to assist the effort to achieve America’s Education Goals, including activities related to improving the transition from preschool to school and from school to work, as well as activities related to the integration of education and health and social services;

      ‘(4) activities to promote and evaluate counseling and mentoring for students, including intergenerational mentoring;

      ‘(5) activities to promote and evaluate coordinated pupil services programs;

      ‘(6) activities to promote comprehensive health education;

      ‘(7) activities to promote environmental education;

      ‘(8) activities to promote consumer, economic, and personal finance education, such as saving, investing, and entrepreneurial education;

      ‘(9) activities to promote programs to assist students to demonstrate competence in foreign languages;

      ‘(10) studies and evaluation of various education reform strategies and innovations being pursued by the Federal Government, States, and local educational agencies;

      ‘(11) senior mentoring of at-risk children;

      ‘(12) the identification and recognition of exemplary schools and programs, such as Blue Ribbon Schools;

      ‘(13) programs designed to promote gender equity in education by evaluating and eliminating gender bias in instruction and educational materials, identifying, and analyzing gender inequities in educational practices, and implementing and evaluating educational policies and practices designed to achieve gender equity;

      ‘(14) programs designed to reduce excessive student mobility, retain students who move within a school district at the same school, educate parents about the effect of mobility on a child’s education and encourage parents to participate in school activities;

      ‘(15) experiential-based learning, such as service-learning;

      ‘(16) the development and expansion of public-private partnership programs which extend the learning experience, via computers, beyond the classroom environment into student homes through such programs as the Buddy System Computer Project;

      ‘(17) activities that are designed to contribute towards the achievement of America’s Education goals;

      ‘(18) activities to promote child abuse education and prevention programs;

      ‘(19) activities to raise standards and expectations for academic achievement among all students, especially disadvantaged students traditionally underserved in schools;

      ‘(20) activities to provide the academic support, enrichment and motivation to enable all students to reach such standards;

      ‘(21) demonstrations relating to the planning and evaluations of the effectiveness of projects under which local educational agencies or schools contract with private management organizations to reform a school or schools;

      ‘(22) demonstration programs providing prenatal and counseling to pregnant students with such education and counseling emphasizing the importance of prenatal care, the value of sound diet and nutrition habits, and the harmful effects of smoking, alcohol, and substance abuse on fetal development;

      ‘(23) the development, implementation, and evaluation of programs that are designed to foster student community service, encourage responsible citizenship and improve academic learning, and give students the opportunity to apply what they learn in the classroom to meet actual community needs;

      ‘(24) activities to assist all students to meet challenging State standards;

      ‘(25) grants to establish cultural education centers;

      ‘(26) grants to museums to operate Indian education programs in public schools;

      ‘(27) programs or activities designed to improve academic achievement through innovative partnerships between local educational agencies and teachers unions;

      ‘(28) programs to hire and support school nurses;

      ‘(29) programs under sections 10102, 10103, and 10104; and

      ‘(30) other programs and projects that meet the purposes of this section;

    ‘(c) AWARDS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may--

        ‘(A) make awards under this section on the basis of competitions announced by the Secretary; and

        ‘(B) support meritorious unsolicited proposals.

      ‘(2) GOALS- An applicant for an award under this section, shall--

        ‘(A) establish clear goals and objectives for its project under this part; and

        ‘(B) describe the activities it will carry out in order to meet the goals and objectives of its project.

      ‘(3) SECRETARIAL DISCRETION- The Secretary may--

        ‘(A) require recipients of awards under this section to provide matching funds from non-Federal sources; and

        ‘(B) limit competitions to particular types of entities, such as State or local educational agencies.

      ‘(4) PEER REVIEW- The Secretary shall use a peer review process in reviewing applications for assistance under this section and may use funds appropriated under subsection (e) for the cost of such peer review.

    ‘(d) EVALUATION AND PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Each recipient of a grant under this section shall submit to the Secretary a comprehensive evaluation of the effects of its program assisted under this part, including its impact on students, teachers, administrators, parents and others--

        ‘(A) at the mid-point of the program; and

        ‘(B) not later than one year after the completion of the program.

      ‘(2) EFFECTIVENESS- Evaluations under this subsection shall focus on the effectiveness of the program in achieving its goals and objectives.

    ‘(e) AUTHORIZATION- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2001 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the four succeeding fiscal years.

‘SEC. 10102. STATE AND LOCAL CHARACTER EDUCATION PROGRAM.

    ‘(a) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED-

      ‘(1) The Secretary may make grants to State educational agencies, local educational agencies, or consortia of such agencies for the design and implementation of character education programs.

      ‘(2) Each grant under this section shall be awarded for a period not to exceed 5 years, of which the recipient shall use not more than one year for planning and program design.

    ‘(b) APPLICATIONS-

      ‘(1) Each applicant desiring a grant under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may require.

      ‘(2) Each application under this section shall include--

        ‘(A) a description of any partnerships and other collaborative efforts between the applicant and other educational agencies;

        ‘(B) a description of the programs goals and objectives;

        ‘(C) a description of the activities the applicant will carry out, and how these activities are designed to meet the programs goals and objectives under subparagraph (B), including--

          ‘(i) how parents, students, and other members of the community, including members of private and nonprofit organizations, will be involved in the design and implementation of the program;

          ‘(ii) the curriculum and instructional practices that will be used or developed; and

          ‘(iii) the methods of teacher training and parent education that will be used or developed;

        ‘(D) a description of how the program will be linked to other efforts to improve educational outcomes, including--

          ‘(i) broader educational reforms that are being instituted by the applicant or its partners; and

          ‘(ii) applicable State and local standards for student performance;

          ‘(E) a description of how the applicant will evaluate the progress of its program in meeting the goals and objectives under subparagraph (B), including the performance indicators that will be used to measure progress; and

        ‘(F) such other information as the Secretary may require.

    ‘(c) DIVERSITY OF PROJECTS- The Secretary shall make awards under this section that, to the extent practicable, support programs that serve different geographic areas of the Nation, including urban, suburban, and rural areas.;

‘SEC. 10103. CHARACTER EDUCATION RESEARCH, DISSEMINATION, AND EVALUATION.

    ‘(a) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED- The Secretary is authorized to make grants, or enter into contracts or cooperative agreements with, State educational agencies, local educational agencies, institutions of higher education, tribal organizations, and other public or private agencies or organizations to carry out research, development, dissemination, technical assistance, and evaluation activities that support or inform character education programs under section 10102.

    ‘(b) USE OF FUNDS- Consistent with subsection (a), funds under this section may be used--

      ‘(1) to conduct research and development activities that focus on such matters as--

        ‘(A) the effectiveness of instructional models;

        ‘(B) materials and curricula that can be used by programs in character education;

        ‘(C) models of professional development in character education; and

        ‘(D) the development of outcome measures for character education programs;

      ‘(2) to provide technical assistance to the agencies receiving awards under section 10102, particularly on matters of program evaluation;

      ‘(3) to conduct a national evaluation of programs under section 10102; and

      ‘(4) to compile and disseminate, through various approaches, such as a national clearinghouse--

        ‘(A) information on model character education programs;

        ‘(B) character education materials and curricula;

        ‘(C) research findings in the area of character education and character development; and

        ‘(D) any other information that will be useful to character education program participants and other educators and administrators, nationwide.

    ‘(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated, $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2001 and such sums as may be necessary for the 4 subsequent fiscal years to carry out sections 10102 and 10103.

‘SEC. 10104. SMALLER LEARNING COMMUNITIES.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- Each local educational agency desiring a grant under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may require. Each such application shall describe--

      ‘(1) strategies and methods the applicant will use to create the smaller learning community or communities;

      ‘(2) curriculum and instructional practices, including any particular themes or emphases, to be used in the learning environment;

      ‘(3) the extent of involvement of teachers and other school personnel in investigating, designing, implementing and sustaining the smaller learning community or communities;

      ‘(4) the process to be used for involving students, parents and other stakeholders in the development and implementation of the smaller learning community or communities;

      ‘(5) any cooperation or collaboration among community agencies, organizations, businesses, and others to develop or implement a plan to create the smaller learning community or communities;

      ‘(6) the training and professional development activities that will be offered to teachers and others involved in the activities assisted under this part;

      ‘(7) the goals and objectives of the activities assisted under this part, including a description of how such activities will better enable all students to reach challenging State content standards and State student performance standards;

      ‘(8) the methods by which the applicant will assess progress in meeting such goals and objectives;

      ‘(9) if the smaller learning community or communities exist as a school-within-a-school, the relationship, including governance and administration, of the smaller learning community to the rest of the school;

      ‘(10) a description of the administrative and managerial relationship between the local educational agency and the smaller learning community or communities, including how such agency will demonstrate a commitment to the continuity of the smaller learning community or communities, including the continuity of student and teacher assignment to a particular learning community;

      ‘(11) how the applicant will coordinate or use funds provided under this part with other funds provided under this Act or other Federal laws;

      ‘(12) grade levels or ages of students who will participate in the smaller learning community or communities; and

      ‘(13) the method of placing students in the smaller learning community or communities, such that students are not placed according to ability, performance or any other measure, so that students are placed at random or by their own choice, not pursuant to testing or other judgments.

    ‘(b) AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES- Funds under this section may be used--

      ‘(1) to study the feasibility of creating the smaller learning community or communities as well as effective and innovative organizational and instructional strategies that will be used in the smaller learning community or communities;

      ‘(2) to research, develop and implement strategies for creating the smaller learning community or communities, as well as effective and innovative changes in curriculum and instruction, geared to high State content standards and State student performance standards;

      ‘(3) to design and construct improvements which improve the learning environment, including appropriate use of daylighting, advanced energy conservation technologies, and renewable energy;

      ‘(4) to provide professional development for school staff in innovative teaching methods that challenge and engage students to be used in the smaller learning community or communities; and

      ‘(5) to develop and implement strategies to include parents, business representatives, local institutions of higher education, community-based organizations, and other community members in the smaller learning communities, as facilitators of activities that enable teachers to participate in professional development activities, as well as to provide links between students and their community.

    ‘(c) SECRETARY’S ACTIVITIES- The Secretary may reserve up to 5 percent of the funding provided under subsection (d) for evaluation, technical assistance, and school networking.

    ‘(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated $120,000,000 for fiscal year 2001 and such sums as may be necessary for the 4 succeeding fiscal years to carry out this section.

SEC. 8. CHARTER SCHOOLS.

    Section 10311 of the Act is amended to read as follows:

‘SEC. 10311. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    For the purpose of carrying out this part, there are authorized to be appropriated $175,000,000 for fiscal year 2001 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the four succeeding fiscal years.’

SEC. 9. ARTS IN EDUCATION

    Part D of title X of the Act is amended to read as follows:

‘PART D--ARTS IN EDUCATION

‘Subpart 1--Arts Education

‘SEC. 10401. SUPPORT FOR ARTS EDUCATION.

    ‘(a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds that--

      ‘(1) the arts are forms of understanding and ways of knowing that are fundamentally important to education;

      ‘(2) the arts are important to excellent education and to effective school reform;

      ‘(3) the most significant contribution of the arts to education reform is the transformation of teaching and learning;

      ‘(4) such transformation is best realized in the context of comprehensive, systemic education reform;

      ‘(5) demonstrated competency in the arts for American students is among America’s Education Goals;

      ‘(6) participation in performing arts activities has proven to be an effective strategy for promoting the inclusion of persons with disabilities in mainstream settings;

      ‘(7) opportunities in the arts have enabled persons of all ages with disabilities to participate more fully in school and community activities;

      ‘(8) the arts can motivate at-risk students to stay in school and become active participants in the educational process; and

      ‘(9) arts education should be an integral part of the elementary and secondary school curriculum.

    ‘(b) PURPOSES- The purposes of this subpart are to--

      ‘(1) support systemic education reform by strengthening arts education as an integral part of the elementary and secondary school curriculum;

      ‘(2) help ensure that all students have the opportunity to learn to challenging State content standards and challenging State student performance standards in the arts; and

      ‘(3) support the national effort to enable all students to demonstrate competence in the arts in accordance with America’s Education Goals.

    ‘(c) ELIGIBLE RECIPIENTS- In order to carry out the purposes of this subpart, the Secretary is authorized to award grants to, or enter into contracts or cooperative agreements with--

      ‘(1) State educational agencies;

      ‘(2) local educational agencies;

      ‘(3) institutions of higher education;

      ‘(4) museums and other cultural institutions; and

      ‘(5) other public and private agencies, institutions, and organizations.

    ‘(d) AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES- Funds under this subpart may be used for--

      ‘(1) research on arts education;

      ‘(2) the development of, and dissemination of information about, model arts education programs;

      ‘(3) the development of model arts education assessments based on high standards;

      ‘(4) the development and implementation of curriculum frameworks for arts education;

      ‘(5) the development of model preservice and inservice professional development programs for arts educators and other instructional staff;

      ‘(6) supporting collaborative activities with other Federal agencies or institutions involved in arts education, such as the National Endowment for the Arts, the Institute of Museum and Library Services, the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, Very Special Arts, and the National Gallery of Art;

      ‘(7) supporting model projects and programs in the performing arts for children and youth through arrangements made with the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts;

      ‘(8) supporting model projects and programs by Very Special Arts which assure the participation in mainstream settings in arts and education programs of individuals with disabilities;

      ‘(9) supporting model projects and programs in the performing arts for children and youth through arrangements made with the Division of Cultural History of the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of American History;

      ‘(10) supporting model projects and programs to integrate arts education into the regular elementary and secondary school curriculum; and

      ‘(11) other activities that further the purposes of this subpart.

    ‘(e) COORDINATION-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- A recipient of funds under this subpart shall, to the extent possible, coordinate projects assisted under this subpart with appropriate activities of public and private cultural agencies, institutions, and organizations, including museums, arts education associations, libraries, and theaters.

      ‘(2) SPECIAL RULE- In carrying out this subpart, the Secretary shall coordinate with the National Endowment for the Arts, the Institute of Museum and Library Services, the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, Very Special Arts, and the National Gallery of Art.

    ‘(f) AUTHORIZATION-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- For the purpose of carrying out this subpart, there are authorized to be appropriated $15,000,000 for fiscal year 2001 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the four succeeding fiscal years.

‘Subpart 2--Cultural Partnerships for At-Risk Children and Youth

‘SEC. 10411. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE.

    ‘(a) FINDINGS- The Congress finds:

      ‘(1) With local school budget cuts there are inadequate arts and cultural programs available for children and youth in schools, especially at the elementary school level.

      ‘(2) The arts promote progress in academic subjects as shown by research conducted by the National Endowment for the Arts.

      ‘(3) Children and youth who receive instruction in the arts and humanities, or who are involved in cultural activities, remain in school longer and are more successful than children who do not receive such instruction.

      ‘(4) Learning in the arts and humanities promotes progress in other academic subjects, and generates positive self-esteem and a greater sense of accomplishment in young people.

      ‘(5) School-university and school-cultural institution partnerships that upgrade teacher training in the arts and humanities have significantly contributed to improved instruction and achievement levels of school-aged children.

      ‘(6) Museum outreach, cultural activities and informal education for at-risk children and youth have contributed significantly to the educational achievement and enhanced interest in learning of at-risk children and youth.

      ‘(7) While all children benefit from instruction in the arts and the humanities, at-risk children and youth have a special, additional need for arts and cultural programs both in school and after school.

    ‘(b) PURPOSE- The purpose of this subpart is to make demonstration grants to eligible entities to improve the educational performance and future potential of at-risk children and youth by providing comprehensive and coordinated educational and cultural services.

‘SEC. 10412. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary is authorized to award grants to eligible entities to pay the Federal share of the costs of the activities described in section 10413.

    ‘(b) SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall award grants under this subpart only to programs designed to--

        ‘(A) promote and enhance educational and cultural activities;

        ‘(B) provide multi-year services to at-risk children and youth and to integrate community cultural resources into in-school and after-school educational programs;

        ‘(C) provide integration of community cultural resources into the regular curriculum and school day;

        ‘(D) focus school and cultural resources in the community on coordinated cultural services to address the needs of at-risk children and youth;

        ‘(E) provide effective cultural programs to facilitate the transition from preschool programs to elementary school programs, including programs under the Head Start Act and part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act;

        ‘(F) facilitate school-to-work transition from secondary schools and alternative schools to job training, higher education and employment through educational programs and activities that utilize school resources;

        ‘(G) increase parental and community involvement in the educational, social, and cultural development of at-risk children and youth; or

        ‘(H)(i) develop programs and strategies that provide high-quality coordinated educational and cultural services; and

        ‘(ii) provide a model to replicate such services in other schools and communities.

      ‘(2) PARTNERSHIP- An interagency partnership comprised of the Secretary of Education, the Chairman of the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts, and the Director of the Institute of Museum and Library Services, or their designees, shall establish criteria and procedures for awarding grants, including the establishment of panels to review the applications, and shall administer the grants program authorized by this section. The Secretary shall publish such criteria and procedures in the Federal Register.

      ‘(3) COORDINATION- Grants may only be awarded under this subpart to eligible entities that agree to coordinate activities carried out under other Federal, State, and local grants, received by the members of the partnership for purposes and target populations described in this subpart, into an integrated service delivery system located at a school, cultural, or other community-based site accessible to and utilized by at-risk youth.

      ‘(4) ELIGIBLE ENTITIES- For purposes of this subpart, the term eligible entity means a partnership between--

        ‘(A) a local educational agency or an individual school that is eligible to participate in a school-wide program under section 1114; and

        ‘(B) at least one institution of higher education, museum, local arts agency, or cultural entity that is accessible to individuals within the school district of such local educational agency or school, and that has a history of providing quality services to the community, which may include--

          ‘(i) nonprofit institutions of higher education, museums, libraries, performing, presenting and exhibiting arts organizations, literary arts organizations, State and local arts organizations, cultural institutions, and zoological and botanical organizations; or

          ‘(ii) private for-profit entities with a history of training children and youth in the arts.

      ‘(5) GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION- In awarding grants under this subpart the Secretary, to the extent feasible, shall ensure an equitable geographic distribution of such grants.

      ‘(6) DURATION- Grants made under this subpart may be renewable for a maximum of 5 years if the Secretary determines that the eligible recipient has made satisfactory progress toward the achievement of the program objectives described in the application.

    ‘(c) TARGET POPULATION- To be eligible for a grant under this subpart, an eligible entity shall serve--

      ‘(1) students enrolled in schools participating in a school-wide program under section 1114 and the families of such students to the extent practicable;

      ‘(2) out-of-school children and youth at risk of disadvantages resulting from teenage parenting, substance abuse, recent migration, disability, limited-English proficiency, illiteracy, being the child of a teenage parent, living in a single parent household, or dropping out of school; or

      ‘(3) any combination of in-school and out-of-school at-risk children and youth.

‘SEC. 10413. AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- Grants awarded under this subpart may be used--

      ‘(1) to plan, develop, acquire, expand, and improve school-based or community-based coordinated educational and cultural programs to strengthen the educational performance and future potential of in-school or out-of-school at-risk children and youth through grants, cooperative agreements, contracts for services, or administrative coordination;

      ‘(2) to provide at-risk students with integrated cultural activities designed to develop a love of learning that fosters the smooth transition of preschool children to elementary school;

      ‘(3) to design collaborative cultural activities for students in secondary or alternative schools that ensure the smooth transition to job training, higher education, or full employment;

      ‘(4) to provide child care for children of at-risk students who would not otherwise be able to participate in the program;

      ‘(5) to provide transportation necessary for participation in the program;

      ‘(6) to work with existing school personnel to develop curriculum materials and programs in the arts;

      ‘(7) to work with existing school personnel on staff development activities that encourage the integration of the arts into the curriculum;

      ‘(8) for stipends that allow local artists to work with at-risk children and youth in schools;

      ‘(9) for training individuals who are not trained to work with children and youth;

      ‘(10) for cultural programs that encourage the active participation of parents in the education of their children;

      ‘(11) for programs that use the arts and culture to reform current school practices, including lengthening the school day or academic year;

      ‘(12) for equipment or supplies that the Secretary determines appropriate; and

      ‘(13) for evaluation, administration, and supervision.

    ‘(b) PLANNING GRANTS-

      ‘(1) APPLICATION- An eligible entity may submit an application to the Secretary for a planning grant for an amount not to exceed $50,000. Such grants shall be for periods of not more than one year.

      ‘(2) LIMIT ON PLANNING GRANTS- Not more than 10 percent of the amounts appropriated in each fiscal year under this subpart shall be used for grants under this subsection, and an eligible entity may receive not more than one such planning grant.

    ‘(c) GENERAL PROVISIONS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Each eligible entity desiring a grant under this subpart shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may reasonably require.

      ‘(2) CONTENTS- Each application submitted pursuant to paragraph (1) shall--

        ‘(A) describe the cultural entity or entities that will participate in the partnership;

        ‘(B) describe the target population to be served;

        ‘(C) describe the services to be provided;

        ‘(D) describe a plan for evaluating the success of the program;

        ‘(E) in the case of each local educational agency or school participating in the eligible recipient partnership, describe how the activities assisted under this subpart will be perpetuated beyond the duration of the grant;

        ‘(F) describe the manner in which the eligible entity will improve the educational achievement or future potential of at-risk youth through more effective coordination of cultural services in the community;

        ‘(G) describe the overall and operational goals of the program;

        ‘(H) describe the nature and location of all planned sites where services will be delivered and a description of services which will be provided at each site; and

        ‘(I) describe training that will be provided to individuals who are not trained to work with children and youth, and how teachers will be involved.

‘SEC. 10414. PAYMENTS; AMOUNTS OF AWARD; COST SHARE; LIMITATIONS.

    ‘(a) PAYMENTS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall pay to each eligible recipient having an application approved under section 10413(c) the Federal share of the cost of the activities described in the application.

      ‘(2) SPECIAL RULE-

        ‘(A) Grants awarded under this subpart shall be of sufficient size, scope, and quality to be effective.

        ‘(B) The Secretary shall award grants under this subpart so as to ensure nonduplication of services provided by grant recipients and services provided by--

          ‘(i) the National Endowment for the Humanities;

          ‘(ii) the National Endowment for the Arts; and

          ‘(iii) the Institute of Museum and Library Services.

    ‘(b) COST SHARE-

      ‘(1) FEDERAL SHARE- The Federal share of a grant under this subpart shall be 80 percent of the cost of carrying out the activities described in the application.

      ‘(2) NON-FEDERAL SHARE- The non-Federal share of a grant under this subpart shall be 20 percent of the cost of carrying out the activities described in the application and may be in cash or in kind, fairly evaluated, including the provision of equipment, services, or facilities.

    ‘(c) LIMITATIONS-

      ‘(1) NONINSTRUCTIONAL SERVICES- Not more than 25 percent of the grant funds provided in any fiscal year under this subpart may be used for noninstructional activities such as the activities described in paragraphs (4), (5), and (12) of section 10413(a).

      ‘(2) SUPPLEMENT AND NOT SUPPLANT- Grant funds awarded under this part shall be used to supplement not supplant the amount of funds made available from non-Federal sources, for the activities assisted under this subpart, in amounts that exceed the amounts expended for such activities in the year preceding the year for which the grant is awarded.

      ‘(3) ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS-

        ‘(A) The Secretary may reserve not more than 5 percent of the grant funds received under this subpart in each fiscal year for the costs of administration.

        ‘(B) Each eligible recipient may reserve not more than 5 percent of any grant funds received under this subpart in each fiscal year for the costs of administration.

‘SEC. 10415. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subpart, $15,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the four succeeding fiscal years.’

SEC. 9. CIVIC EDUCATION.

    Part F of title X of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 8141 et seq.) is amended to read as follows:

‘PART F--CIVIC EDUCATION

‘SEC. 10601. SHORT TITLE.

    ‘This part may be cited as the ‘Education for Democracy Act’.

‘SEC. 10602. FINDINGS.

    ‘The Congress finds that--

      ‘(1) college freshmen surveyed in 1997 by the Higher Education Research Institute at the University of California at Los Angeles demonstrated higher levels of disengagement, both academically and politically, than any previous entering class of students;

      ‘(2) college freshmen in 1997 demonstrated the lowest levels of political interest in the 20-year history of surveys conducted by the Higher Education Research Institute at the University of California at Los Angeles;

      ‘(3) United States secondary school students expressed relatively low levels of interest in politics and economics in a 1999 Harris survey;

      ‘(4) the 28th Annual Phi Delta Kappa/Gallup Poll in 1996 indicated that American citizens believe that the Nation’s schools, apart from providing a basic education, had a very important role to play in preparing students to be responsible citizens;

      ‘(5) Americans surveyed by the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development indicated that only 59 percent had confidence that schools have a major effect on the development of good citizenship;

      ‘(6) teachers too often do not have sufficient expertise in the subjects that they teach, and half of all secondary school history students in America are being taught by teachers with neither a major nor a minor in history;

      ‘(7) secondary school students correctly answered less than half of the questions on a national test of economic knowledge in a 1999 Harris survey;

      ‘(8) the most recent National Assessment of Educational Progress indicated that students have only superficial knowledge of, and lacked a depth of understanding regarding, civics;

      ‘(9) civic and economic education are important in developing citizenship competencies in the United States;

      ‘(10) more than three quarters of Americans surveyed by the National Constitution Center in 1997 admitted that they knew only some or very little about the Constitution of the United States; and

      ‘(11) the Constitution of the United States is too often viewed within the context of history and not as a living document that shapes current events.

‘SEC. 10603. PURPOSE.

    ‘It is the purpose of this part--

      ‘(1) to improve the quality of civics and government education, and to enhance the attainment of the third and sixth America’s Education Goals, by educating students about the history and principles of the Constitution of the United States, including the Bill of Rights;

      ‘(2) to foster civic competence and responsibility; and

      ‘(3) to improve the quality of civic education and economic education.

‘SEC. 10604. GENERAL AUTHORITY.

    ‘The Secretary is authorized to award grants to or enter into contracts with the Center for Civic Education to carry out civic education activities under sections 10605.

‘SEC. 10605. WE THE PEOPLE PROGRAM.

    ‘(a) THE CITIZEN AND THE CONSTITUTION-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Center for Civic Education shall use funds awarded under section 10604(a)(1)(A) to carry out The Citizen and the Constitution program in accordance with this subsection.

      ‘(2) EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES- The Citizen and the Constitution program--

        ‘(A) shall continue and expand the educational activities of the ‘We the People . . . The Citizen and the Constitution’ program administered by the Center for Civic Education;

        ‘(B) shall enhance student attainment of challenging content standards in civics and government; and

        ‘(C) shall provide--

          ‘(i) a course of instruction on the basic principles of our Nation’s constitutional democracy and the history of the Constitution of the United States and the Bill of Rights;

          ‘(ii) at the request of a participating school, school and community simulated congressional hearings following the course of study;

          ‘(iii) an annual national competition of simulated congressional hearings for secondary school students who wish to participate in such a program;

          ‘(iv) advanced training of teachers about the Constitution of the United States and the political system the United States created;

          ‘(v) materials and methods of instruction, including teacher training, that utilize the latest advancements in educational technology; and

          ‘(vi) civic education materials and services to address specific problems such as the prevention of school violence and the abuse of drugs and alcohol.

      ‘(3) AVAILABILITY OF PROGRAM- The education program authorized under this subsection shall be made available to public and private elementary schools and secondary schools, including Bureau funded schools, in the 435 congressional districts, and in the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

    ‘(b) PROJECT CITIZEN-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Center for Civic Education shall use funds awarded under section 10604(a)(1)(A) to carry out The Project Citizen program in accordance with this subsection.

      ‘(2) EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES- The Project Citizen program--

        ‘(A) shall continue and expand the educational activities of the ‘We the People . . . Project Citizen’ program administered by the Center for Civic Education;

        ‘(B) shall enhance student attainment of challenging content standards in civics and government; and

        ‘(C) shall provide--

          ‘(i) a course of instruction at the middle school level on the roles of State and local governments in the Federal system established by the Constitution of the United States;

          ‘(ii) optional school and community simulated State legislative hearings;

          ‘(iii) an annual national showcase or competition;

          ‘(iv) advanced training of teachers on the roles of State and local governments in the Federal system established by the Constitution of the United States;

          ‘(v) materials and methods of instruction, including teacher training, that utilize the latest advancements in educational technology; and

          ‘(vi) civic education materials and services to address specific problems such as the prevention of school violence and the abuse of drugs and alcohol.

      ‘(3) AVAILABILITY OF PROGRAM- The education program authorized under this subsection shall be made available to public and private middle schools, including Bureau funded schools, in the 50 States of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

    ‘(c) DEFINITION OF BUREAU FUNDED SCHOOL- In this section the term ‘Bureau funded school’ has the meaning given the term in section 1146 of the Education Amendments of 1978.

‘SEC. 10606. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ‘There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out section 10605, $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2001 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2002 through 2005.’.

SEC. 10. ALLEN J. ELLENDER FELLOWSHIPS.

    Part G of title X of the Act is amended to read as follows:

‘SEC. 10701. FINDINGS.

    The Congress finds as follows:

      ‘(1) It is a worthwhile goal to ensure that all students in America are prepared for responsible citizenship and that all students should have the opportunity to be involved in activities that promote and demonstrate good citizenship.

      ‘(2) It is a worthwhile goal to ensure that America’s educators have access to programs for the continued improvement of their professional skills.

      ‘(3) Allen J. Ellender, a Senator from Louisiana and President pro tempore of the United States Senate, had a distinguished career in public service characterized by extraordinary energy and real concern for young people. Senator Ellender provided valuable support and encouragement to the Close Up Foundation, a nonpartisan, nonprofit foundation promoting knowledge and understanding of the Federal Government among young people and educators. Therefore, it is a fitting and appropriate tribute to Senator Ellender to provide fellowships in his name to students of limited economic means, the teachers who work with such students, and older Americans, so that such students, teachers, and older Americans may participate in the programs supported by the Close Up Foundation.

‘Subpart 1--Program for Middle and Secondary School Students

‘SEC. 10711. ESTABLISHMENT.

    ‘(a) GENERAL AUTHORITY- The Secretary is authorized to make grants in accordance with the provisions of this subpart to the Close Up Foundation of Washington, District of Columbia, a nonpartisan, nonprofit foundation, for the purpose of assisting the Close Up Foundation in carrying out its programs of increasing understanding of the Federal Government among middle and secondary school students.

    ‘(b) USE OF FUNDS- Grants under this subpart shall be used only to provide financial assistance to economically disadvantaged students who participate in the program described in subsection (a). Financial assistance received pursuant to this subpart by such students shall be known as Allen J. Ellender fellowships.

‘SEC. 10712. APPLICATIONS.

    ‘(a) APPLICATION REQUIRED- No grant under this subpart may be made except upon an application at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may reasonably require.

    ‘(b) CONTENTS OF APPLICATION- Each such application shall contain provisions to assure--

      ‘(1) that fellowship grants are made to economically disadvantaged middle and secondary school students;

      ‘(2) that every effort will be made to ensure the participation of students from rural and small town areas, as well as from urban areas, and that in awarding fellowships to economically disadvantaged students, special consideration will be given to the participation of students with special educational needs, including student with disabilities, ethnic minority students, and gifted and talented students; and

      ‘(3) the proper disbursement of the funds received under this subpart.

‘Subpart 2--Program for Middle and Secondary School Teachers

‘SEC. 10721. ESTABLISHMENT.

    ‘(a) GENERAL AUTHORITY- The Secretary is authorized to make grants in accordance with the provisions of this subpart to the Close Up Foundation of Washington, District of Columbia, a nonpartisan, nonprofit foundation, for the purpose of assisting the Close Up Foundation in carrying out its programs of teaching skills enhancement for middle and secondary school teachers.

    ‘(b) USE OF FUNDS- Grants under this subpart shall be used only for financial assistance to teachers who participate in the program described in subsection (a). Financial assistance received pursuant to this subpart by such individuals shall be known as Allen J. Ellender fellowships.

‘SEC. 10722. APPLICATIONS.

    ‘(a) APPLICATION REQUIRED- No grant under this subpart may be made except upon an application at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may reasonably require.

    ‘(b) CONTENTS OF APPLICATION- Each such application shall contain provisions to assure--

      ‘(1) that fellowship grants are made only to teachers who have worked with at least one student from such teachers school who participates in the programs described in section 10711(a);

      ‘(2) that not more than one teacher in each school participating in the programs provided for in section 10711(a) may receive a fellowship in any fiscal year; and

      ‘(3) the proper disbursement of the funds received under this subpart.

Subpart 3--Programs for Recent Immigrants, Students of Migrant Parents and Older Americans

‘SEC. 10731. ESTABLISHMENT.

    ‘(a) GENERAL AUTHORITY-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary is authorized to make grants in accordance with the provisions of this subpart to the Close Up Foundation of Washington, District of Columbia, a nonpartisan, nonprofit foundation, for the purpose of assisting the Close Up Foundation in carrying out its programs of increasing understanding of the Federal Government among economically disadvantaged older Americans, recent immigrants and students of migrant parents.

      ‘(2) DEFINITION- For the purpose of this subpart, the term older American means an individual who has attained 55 years of age.

    ‘(b) USE OF FUNDS- Grants under this subpart shall be used for financial assistance to economically disadvantaged older Americans, recent immigrants and students of migrant parents who participate in the program described in subsection (a). Financial assistance received pursuant to this subpart by such individuals shall be known as Allen J. Ellender fellowships.

‘SEC. 10732. APPLICATIONS.

    ‘(a) APPLICATION REQUIRED- No grant under this subpart may be made except upon application at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may reasonably require.

    ‘(b) CONTENTS OF APPLICATION- Except such application shall contain provisions to assure--

      ‘(1) that fellowship grants are made to economically disadvantaged older Americans, recent immigrants and students of migrant parents;

      ‘(2) that every effort will be made to ensure the participation of older Americans, recent immigrants and students of migrant parents from rural and small town areas, as well as from urban areas, and that in awarding fellowships, special consideration will be given to the participation of older Americans, recent immigrants and students of migrant parents with special needs, including individuals with disabilities, ethnic minorities, and gifted and talented students;

      ‘(3) that activities permitted by subsection (a) are fully described; and

      ‘(4) the proper disbursement of the funds received under this subpart.

‘Subpart 4--General Provisions

‘SEC. 10741. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS.

    ‘(a) GENERAL RULE- Payments under this part may be made in installments, in advance, or by way of reimbursement, with necessary adjustments on account of underpayment or overpayment.

    ‘(b) AUDIT RULE- The Comptroller General of the United States or any of the Comptroller Generals duly authorized representatives shall have access for the purpose of audit and examination to any books, documents, papers, and records that are pertinent to any grant under this part.

‘SEC. 10742. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the provisions of subparts 1, 2, and 3 of this part $4,400,000 for fiscal year 2001 and such sums as may be necessary of each of the four succeeding fiscal years.

    ‘(b) SPECIAL RULE- Of the funds appropriated pursuant to subsection (a), not more than 30 percent may be used for teachers associated with students participating in the programs described in section 10711(a).

SEC. 11. EARLY LEARNING FUND

    Part H of title X of the Act is amended to read as follows:

‘PART H--EARLY LEARNING PROGRAM

‘SEC. 10801. PROGRAM AUTHORIZATION.

    ‘The Secretary is authorized to provide grants to States to establish an Early Learning Program for the purposes of improving the educational opportunity of young children (ages birth through age 5).

‘SEC. 10802. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ‘To carry out the purposes of this part, there are authorized to be appropriated $600,000,000 for fiscal year 2001 and such sums as may be necessary for the subsequent 4 fiscal years.

‘SEC. 10803. ALLOCATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ‘Amounts appropriated under section 10802 shall be allocated as follows:

      ‘(1) AMOUNT FOR INDIAN TRIBES- 2 percent shall be reserved for allocations to Indian tribes based on their respective needs.

      ‘(2) AMOUNTS FOR OUTLYING AREAS- .5 percent shall be allocated to the outlying areas based on their relative need.

      ‘(3) NATIONAL ACTIVITIES- The Secretary may reserve the lesser of 1 percent or $6,000,000 to conduct a national evaluation of the effect of State, local, and tribal early learning programs carried out under this part on early childhood development and school readiness, including child development and educational outcome measures specified in section 546(b)(2)(E), $2,000,000 of which may be used for costs of providing technical assistance to State, local, and tribal early learning programs under such section 10804.

      ‘(4)(A) AMOUNTS FOR STATES- From the amounts appropriated under section 10802 remaining after application of paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), the Secretary shall allot to each State an amount equal to the sum of--

        ‘(i) an amount that bears the same ratio to 50 percent of such remainder as the product of the young child factor of the State and the allotment percentage of the State bears to the sum of the corresponding products for all States; and

        ‘(ii) an amount that bears the same ratio to 50 percent of such remainder as the product of the low-income young child factor of the State and the allotment percentage of the State bears to the sum or the corresponding products for all States.

      ‘(B) YOUNG CHILD FACTOR- The term ‘young child factor’ means the ratio of the number of children in the State under 5 years of age to the number of such children in all States as provided by the most recent annual estimates of population in the States by the Census Bureau of the Department of Commerce.

      ‘(C) LOW-INCOME YOUNG CHILD FACTOR- The term ‘low-income young child factor’ means the ratio of the number of children, from families below the poverty line, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget, in the State under 5 years of age to the number of such children in all States as provided by the most recent annual estimates of population in the States by the Census Bureau of the Department of Commerce.

      ‘(5) REDISTRIBUTION- The Secretary shall, to the extent necessary, determine the need for redistribution of, and redistribute, amounts allotted under this subsection to States, in accordance with the procedures and formula set forth in subsection (a)(2)(D).

‘SEC. 10804. EARLY LEARNING PROGRAM.

    ‘(a) PROGRAM PURPOSE- The purpose of the program under this section is to enable States, through grants to communities, to support activities that--

      ‘(1) promote children’s cognitive, social, behavioral and physical development during the earliest years of life;

      ‘(2) improve early childhood education and development for children aged five and under, including those with disabilities and those with limited English proficiency; and

      ‘(3) encourage and facilitate emerging literacy, language development, numeracy, and school readiness.

    ‘(b) REQUIREMENTS FOR STATE PARTICIPATION-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- In order to be eligible for funds under this part, the State shall have in effect an early learning program plan meeting the requirements specified in paragraph (2).

      ‘(2) EARLY LEARNING PROGRAM PLAN REQUIREMENTS- The early learning program plan shall meet the following requirements:

        ‘(A) LEAD AGENCY- The lead agency for the administration of this part shall be the State educational agency.

        ‘(B) COMMUNITY GRANT PROCEDURES- The plan shall describe the standards and procedures to be applied in the review and approval of applications, and in setting amounts, competitive process, terms, and conditions of grants, including the methods to be used to ensure that no less than 70 percent of grant funds are awarded to low-income communities, funded programs are designed to promote the child development and educational outcomes specified in subsection (b)(2)(E)(i), and funded programs reflect scientifically based research findings on emerging literacy, language development, numeracy, and school readiness of children birth to 5 years of age.

        ‘(C) COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN PLANNING AND MONITORING- The plan shall describe the methods to be used to ensure participation, in planning and monitoring activities under the application, of representatives of concerned elements of the community, including parents of young children, child care providers, child development and mental health professionals, early intervention specialists, health care providers, public school representatives, local interagency coordinating councils for children with disabilities, local government, and business leaders.

        ‘(D) PROGRAM ACTIVITIES- The plan shall specify which of the allowable activities enumerated in subsection (c) may be carried out under grants under the plan.

        ‘(E) PERFORMANCE GOALS AND MEASURES- States participating in early learning programs funded under this part will be held accountable for increasing the availability of high quality early learning programs that provide an environment that supports the young child’s emerging communication, literacy, and numeracy skills and social, emotional, and physical development through activities and materials appropriate to the ages and developmental levels of the infants, toddlers, or preschool children enrolled.

        ‘(F) GOAL OF ACCOUNTABILITY- (i) The goal of the program accountability standards is to ensure that children participating in early learning programs funded under this part shall progress in ways appropriate to their age and development, enabling them to be successful in language, reading, and math when they enter school.

        ‘(ii) Infants and toddlers participating in programs funded under this part will be expected to progress toward using verbal and nonverbal means of communication; developing fine and gross motor skills; and developing self confidence and autonomy.

        ‘(iii) Older preschoolers participating in programs funded under this part will be expected to progress toward, at a minimum, understanding and using language to communicate for various purposes; understanding and using increasingly complex and varied vocabulary; developing and demonstrating an appreciation of books; developing phonemic, print, and numeracy awareness; and in the case of children with limited English proficiency, acquiring the English language.

        ‘(iv) The Secretary, in consultation with the States, shall develop performance goals and indicators for quality factors associated with improved developmental outcomes for young children, including parent education, enhanced child care provider training (particularly in language and literacy development as described in the previous paragraph), increased ratios of child care staff to children, retention of child care providers, support for family child care providers, licensing and accreditation of child care providers and programs, and strengthened standards enforcement.

        ‘(v) The Secretary shall provide guidance to the States regarding the specific performance goals and indicators, and acceptable methodologies for assessing the progress of States in meeting such goals and indicators.

        ‘(vi) States will be held accountable for progress toward performance goals and indicators and shall develop a plan to meet such goals and indicators. The plan shall specify--

          ‘(I) how the State will make progress toward the performance goals and indicators provided in guidance by the Secretary;

          ‘(II) the methodology the State will use to assess progress toward the performance goals and indicators provided in guidance by the Secretary; and

          ‘(III) the steps to be taken by the State or grantees in accordance with guidance provided by the Secretary if the specified performance indicators are not achieved.

        ‘(G) COORDINATION- The State plan shall specify the methods to be used to enhance coordination of planning and of performance goals and coordination with local educational agencies to ensure a smooth transition from child care programs receiving funds under this part to kindergarten and early elementary education. Funds provided under this part shall be used to supplement rather than supplant existing programs.

    ‘(c) LOCAL APPLICATION- Local educational agencies who desire a grant under this part shall submit an application, in such form, and containing such information as the State may reasonably require.

    ‘(d) ALLOWABLE ACTIVITIES- An early learning program under a State plan under this section may provide for any or all of the following activities to promote cognitive, social, emotional, and physical development in order to enhance emerging literacy and language development, and school readiness:

      ‘(1) PARENTING EDUCATION TO PROMOTE LEARNING AT HOME-

        ‘(A) PARENTING EDUCATION- Provision of parenting education, including use of or collaboration with Even Start or similar programs, for parents of young children by means including use of community-based resource centers, family literacy programs with parenting education components, collaboration with early intervention and preschool providers of services for children, public elementary schools, centers that serve children with special health care needs or disabilities and their families, and home visiting programs.

      ‘(2) ACTIVITIES TO PROMOTE QUALITY TEACHING IN CHILD CARE SETTINGS-

        ‘(A) PROVIDER TRAINING- Training of child care personnel, which may include training in early childhood development, early literacy, best practices for serving children with disabilities and those with limited English proficiency, health and safety, and other appropriate matters.

        ‘(B) IMPROVED STAFFING RATIOS- Initiatives to increase ratios of staff to children in care and to reduce group sizes.

        ‘(C) SALARY AND BENEFIT ENHANCEMENT- Assistance to child care programs to increase the quality and continuity of care by attracting or retaining highly qualified child care staff working directly with children through enhanced compensation.

        ‘(D) FAMILY CHILD CARE NETWORKS- Development of support networks, information and referral services, and other supportive services addressing needs of family child care providers for access to such resources as education, training, and community support services.

      ‘(3) ACTIVITIES TO PROMOTE QUALITY CHILD CARE-

        ‘(A) LICENSING AND ACCREDITATION ASSISTANCE- Assistance to entities and individuals in meeting applicable child care accreditation and licensing requirements and in obtaining licensing or accreditation.

        ‘(B) STANDARDS ENFORCEMENT- Initiatives to increase the numbers of qualified child care licensing and standards enforcement staff and activities to increase monitoring and enforcement of State and local health and safety standards.

        ‘(C) INFORMATION AND REFERRAL- Initiatives to develop or increase the availability of consumer education information and referral services and other resources to assist parents to locate and assess the quality of available child care services.

        ‘(D) HEALTH SERVICES- Improving coordination of child care with appropriate health services including health and mental health consultations, hearing and vision testing, and immunizations, by methods such as colocation of health and child care services, referrals of children in child care to health care providers or screening services, and transfer of child health records to public school at school entry. Services under this subparagraph shall not include direct provision of or payment for health care services.

        ‘(E) CARE FOR CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS- Increasing the availability and quality of child care for young children with special health care needs, developmental delays, and disabilities and those with limited English proficiency; and coordinating with early intervention and preschool special education services.

        ‘(F) MONITORING AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE- Technical assistance to grantees, and monitoring of programs, assisted under this section. State expenditures under this subparagraph shall not exceed a percentage of total State expenditures for the program under this section equal to 10 percent for each of fiscal years 2001 through 2003, and 5 percent for fiscal year 2004 and each succeeding fiscal year.

‘SEC. 10805. ANNUAL REPORT.

    ‘(a) REPORT- States receiving funds under this part shall report annually on the following:

      ‘(1) the number and average dollar amount of grants awarded;

      ‘(2) the number, average dollar amount, and percentage of the total State award of such grants made to low-income communities;

      ‘(3) the number of early learning programs;

      ‘(4) the number of children served with special health care needs, disabilities or developmental delays, and those with limited English proficiency;

      ‘(5) the number of early learning programs that assist children with special needs;

      ‘(6) progress toward the educational outcomes and quality enhancements specified in section 10804(b)(2)(F), including specific and quantifiable measures of achievement of progress toward each performance goal and indicator provided in guidance by the Secretary;

      ‘(7) expenditures for each allowable activity listed in section 10804(d), total expenditures and, to the extent feasible, the volume or frequency of such activity and the average expenditure per unit of such activity; and

      ‘(8) with respect to any allowable activity listed in section 10804(d) for which expenditures are made by the State; and

      ‘(9) such other data as the Secretary may require.

    ‘(b) The Secretary shall summarize the annual reports of the State educational agencies and submit an annual report to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions in the Senate and the Committee on Education and the Workforce in the House.’.

SEC. 12. HOLOCAUST EDUCATION.

    Title X of the Act is amended by adding after part K the following:

‘PART L--HOLOCAUST EDUCATION

‘SEC. 10995A. SHORT TITLE.

    ‘This part may be cited as the ‘Holocaust Education Assistance Act’.

‘SEC. 10995B. FINDINGS AND PURPOSES.

    ‘(a) FINDINGS- The Congress makes the following findings:

      ‘(1) The Holocaust was an historical event that resulted in the systemic, state-sponsored mass murders by Nazi Germany of 6,000,000 Jews, along with millions of others, in the name of racial purity.

      ‘(2) Six States (California, Florida, Illinois, Massachusetts, New Jersey, and New York) now mandate that the Holocaust be taught in the educational curriculum, and 10 States (Connecticut, Georgia, Indiana, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and Washington) recommend teaching the Holocaust but do not provide sufficient funds to assist in the training and educating of teachers.

      ‘(3) The Holocaust is a sensitive and difficult issue about which to teach, and to do so effectively, educators need appropriate teaching tools and training to increase their knowledge to enhance the educational experience.

    ‘(b) PURPOSES- The purposes of this part are the following:

      ‘(1) To educate Americans so that they can--

        ‘(A) explore the lessons that the Holocaust provides for all people; and

        ‘(B) be less susceptible to the falsehood of Holocaust denial and to the destructive messages of hate that arise from Holocaust denial.

      ‘(2) To provide resources and support for education programs that--

        ‘(A) portray accurate historical information about the Holocaust;

        ‘(B) sensitize communities to the circumstances that gave rise to the Holocaust;

        ‘(C) convey the lessons that the Holocaust provides for all people; and

        ‘(D) by developing curriculum guides and providing training, help teachers incorporate into their mainstream disciplines the study of the Holocaust and its lessons.

‘SEC. 10995C. AUTHORITY TO MAKE GRANTS.

    ‘From any amounts made available to carry out this part, the Secretary may make grants under this part to local educational agencies to carry out proposed or existing Holocaust education programs.

‘SEC. 10995D. USE OF GRANT AMOUNTS.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- A local educational agency receiving grant amounts under this part shall use such grant amounts only to carry out the Holocaust education program for which the grant amounts were provided.

    ‘(b) REQUIREMENTS- A local educational agency receiving grant amounts under this part shall comply with the following requirements:

      ‘(1) CONTINUATION OF ELIGIBILITY- The local educational agency shall, throughout the period that it receives and uses such grant amounts, continue to be a local educational agency.

      ‘(2) SUPPLEMENTATION OF EXISTING FUNDS- The local educational agency shall ensure that such grant amounts are used to supplement, and not supplant, non-Federal funds that would otherwise be available to the local educational agency to carry out the Holocaust education program for which the grant amounts were provided.

    ‘(c) ADDITIONAL CONDITIONS- The Secretary may require additional terms and conditions in connection with the use of grant amounts provided under this part as the Secretary considers appropriate.

‘SEC. 10995E. SELECTION CRITERIA.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall award grant amounts under this part in accordance with competitive criteria to be established by the Secretary.

    ‘(b) CONSULTATION WITH HOLOCAUST EDUCATORS- In establishing the competitive criteria under subsection (a), the Secretary shall consult with a variety of individuals, to be determined by the Secretary, who are prominent educators in the field of Holocaust education.

‘SEC. 10995F. APPLICATION.

    ‘The Secretary may award grant amounts under this part only to a local educational agency that has submitted an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require.

‘SEC. 10995G. REVIEW AND SANCTIONS.

    ‘(a) ANNUAL REVIEW- The Secretary shall review at least annually, each local educational agency receiving grant amounts under this part to determine the extent to which the local educational agency has complied with the provisions of this part.

    ‘(b) IMPOSITION OF SANCTIONS- The Secretary may impose sanctions on a local educational agency for any failure of the local educational agency to comply substantially with the provisions of this part. The Secretary shall establish the sanctions to be imposed for a failure to comply substantially with the provisions of this part.

‘SEC. 10996H. ANNUAL REPORT.

    ‘Not later than February 1 of each year, the Secretary shall submit to the Senate and House of Representatives a report describing the activities carried out under this part and containing any related information that the Secretary considers appropriate.

‘SEC. 10995I. CONTRACTING WITH OTHER ENTITIES.

    ‘Nothing in this part shall preclude a local educational agency from contracting with other entities to assist it with the Holocaust education program.

‘SEC. 10995J. DEFINITIONS.

    ‘For purposes of this part, the following definitions shall apply:

      ‘(1) HOLOCAUST EDUCATION PROGRAM- The term ‘Holocaust education program’ means a program that--

        ‘(A) has as its specific and primary purpose to improve awareness and understanding of the Holocaust; and

        ‘(B) furnishes one or more of the following:

          ‘(i) classes, seminars, or conferences.

          ‘(ii) educational materials.

          ‘(iii) teacher training.

          ‘(iv) any other good or service designed to improve awareness and understanding of the Holocaust.

      ‘(2) HOLOCAUST- The term ‘Holocaust’ means the historical event that resulted in the systemic, state-sponsored mass murders by Nazi Germany of 6,000,000 Jews, along with millions of others, in the name of racial purity.

‘SEC. 10995K. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ‘There are authorized to be appropriated $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2001 and such sums as may be necessary for the next 4 subsequent fiscal years to remain available until expended.’.

SEC. 13. 21ST CENTURY COMMUNITY LEARNING CENTERS

    Part I of title X of the Act is amended to read as follows:

‘SEC. 10901. SHORT TITLE.

    ‘This part may be cited as the ‘21st Century Community Learning Centers Act’.

‘SEC. 10902. FINDINGS.

    The Congress finds that--

      ‘(1) a local public school often serves as a center for the delivery of education and human resources for all members of a community;

      ‘(2) evaluations show that collaboration between public schools (particularly in inner and small cities and rural and disadvantaged suburban communities) and other public and nonprofit agencies and organizations, local businesses, educational entities, recreational, cultural, and other community and human service entities helps to meet the needs of, and expands the opportunities available to, all residents of the communities served by such schools;

      ‘(3) participation in high-quality programs can result in better grades and conduct in school, and is particularly beneficial for children living in high-risk environments. In particular, children who participate in high-quality after school program spend more time in academic and enrichment activities; watch less television; have significantly lower incidences of drug use and unwanted teenage pregnancies; and communicate better with adults and their peers.

      ‘(4) by using school facilities, equipment, and resources, communities can promote a more efficient use of public education facilities, especially in rural and inner city areas where limited financial resources have enhanced the necessity for local public schools to become social service centers;

      ‘(5) the high technology, global economy of the 21st century will require lifelong learning to keep America’s workforce competitive and successful, and local public schools should provide centers for lifelong learning and educational opportunities for individuals of all ages; and

      ‘(6) 21st Century Community Learning Centers enable the entire community to develop an education strategy that addresses the educational needs of all members of local communities.

‘SEC. 10903. PROGRAM AUTHORIZATION.

    ‘(a) PROGRAM AUTHORITY- The Secretary is authorized, in accordance with the provisions of this part, to award grants to State educational agencies to enable its schools or a consortia of its schools to plan, implement, or to expand projects that benefit the educational, health, social service, cultural, and recreational needs of inner and small cities and rural and disadvantaged suburban communities with a substantial need for expanded learning opportunities because--

      ‘(1) they lack resources to establish or expand after-school centers that benefit the educational, health, social service, cultural, and recreational needs of the community; or

      ‘(2) they have other needs consistent with the purposes of this part.

    ‘(b) RESERVATION- From the funds appropriated under section 10913 to carry out this part for each fiscal year, the Secretary--

      ‘(1) shall reserve an amount necessary to make continuation grants to existing grantees under part I of title X, as it existed on the day before the enactment of the Safe and Successful Schools Act;

      ‘(2) shall reserve the lesser of .5 percent or $3,000,000 of such amount for grants under this part to Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and until October 1, 2001, the Republic of Palau, the Marshall Islands, and the Federated States of Micronesia;

      ‘(3) shall reserve .5 percent of such amount for the Bureau of Indian Affairs of the Department of Interior to carry out programs under this part for Indian children; and

      ‘(4) shall reserve the lesser of 2.5 percent or $20,000,000 for evaluation and national activities under section 10910.

    ‘(c) STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY ALLOTMENTS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in paragraph (2), and after making the reservations in subsection (b), the Secretary shall, for each fiscal year, allocate among the States the remainder according to the ratio between the amount each State received under part A of title I for the preceding year and the sum of such amounts received by all the States.

      ‘(2) MINIMUM- For any fiscal year, no State (including for the purposes of this part, the Bureau of Indian Affairs) shall be allotted under this subsection an amount that is less than .5 percent of the total amount allotted to all the States under this subsection.

      ‘(3) REALLOTMENT- The Secretary may reallot any amount of any allotment to a State if the Secretary determines that the State will be unable to use such amount within 2 years of such allotment. Such reallotments shall be made on the same basis as allotments are made under paragraph (1).

    ‘(d) WITHIN STATE DISTRIBUTION OF FUNDS- Each State educational agency having an approved application pursuant to section 10904 and receiving an allocation under subsection (c), shall--

      ‘(1) use not less than 95 percent of the funds made available to it under section 10903(c) to award grants, on a competitive basis, to local educational agencies, or consortia of local educational agencies, acting on behalf of public elementary or secondary schools; and

      ‘(2) use up to 5 percent for State level activities and evaluation, of which 40 percent may be used for administration.

‘SEC. 10904. STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY APPLICATIONS.

    Each State educational agency seeking a grant under this subpart shall submit an application in such form, and containing such information, as the Secretary may reasonably require. At a minimum, the application shall--

      ‘(1) designate the State educational agency as the agency responsible for the administration and supervision of programs assisted under this part;

      ‘(2) describe the competitive procedures and criteria the State will use to ensure that grants under this part will support high-quality programs in communities with a substantial need for expanding learning opportunities, with a priority for those that--

        ‘(A) have a high proportion of high-poverty students; and

        ‘(B) lack resources to establish or expand after-school centers that benefit the educational health, social service, cultural, and recreational needs of the community.

      ‘(3) describe the steps the State will take to ensure that programs implement effective strategies, including providing ongoing technical assistance and training, evaluation, dissemination of promising practices, and monitoring;

      ‘(4) contain an assurance that the State educational agency shall provide for the annual submission of data regarding the uses of funds under this part, including the activities provided and populations served under this part, and such other information as the Secretary may require;

      ‘(5) contain an assurance that the State educational agency shall comply with the requirements of this part;

      ‘(6) contain a description of how the State will coordinate Federal, State, and local programs in order to use most effectively the resources available to support the project;

      ‘(7) provide that the State educational agency will keep such records and provide such information to the Secretary as may be required for fiscal audit and program evaluation (consistent with all State educational agency fiscal audit and program evaluation responsibilities required under this Act);

      ‘(8) describe how the State will evaluate the effectiveness of programs and activities carried out with funds under this part; and

      ‘(9) provide for timely public notice and public dissemination of the data submitted under this part.

    ‘(b) The Secretary shall approve a State application under this section if the Secretary determines that it satisfies the requirements, and holds reasonable promise for accomplishing the purposes of this part.

SEC. 10905. STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY ACTIVITIES.

    Each State, having an approved application under section 10904 may use funds allocated under section 10903(d)(2) for one or more of the following activities:

      ‘(1) establishment and implementation of a peer review process for grant applications;

      ‘(2) supervision of the awarding of funds to local educational agencies on behalf of public elementary schools, secondary schools or consortia thereof;

      ‘(3) planning, supervision, and processing of funds made available under this section;

      ‘(4) monitoring and evaluation of programs and activities assisted under this part; and

      ‘(5) providing technical assistance under this part.

‘SEC. 10906. STATE PERFORMANCE INDICATORS.

    Each State educational agency shall establish performance indicators and acceptable goals of progress to evaluate the effectiveness of programs funded under this part.

‘SEC. 10907. LOCAL COMPETITIVE GRANTS

    ‘(a) COMPETITIVE GRANTS- The State educational agency shall distribute funds provided under section 10903(d)(1) on a competitive basis to local educational agencies, consortia of local educational agencies, acting on behalf of a public elementary or secondary schools to enable such schools to plan, implement, or expand community learning centers that address the educational, health, social service, cultural, and recreational needs of the local community.

    ‘(b) EXTENDED LEARNING TIME- In order to receive a grant under this part, a local educational agency shall provide significant expanded learning opportunities, such as before and after school, for children and youth in the community that:

      ‘(1) are designed to help students in the school and community achieve to challenging state content and performance standards;

      ‘(2) provide academic instruction by trained and qualified teachers;

      ‘(3) utilize research-based practices, to the extent available and feasible, that show success in raising student achievement and increasing literacy skills;

      ‘(4) include a parent and family involvement component;

      ‘(5) include professional development that is aligned to the extended learning curriculum;

      ‘(6) indicate how the school will provide a continuity of extended learning curriculum over multiple years; and

      ‘(7) include ongoing evaluation to assess the effectiveness of the program.

    ‘(c) EQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION- In awarding grants under this part, the State educational agency shall ensure that both urban and rural areas of the State are served.

    ‘(d) GRANT PERIOD- A State educational agency shall award grants under this part for a period not to exceed 5 years.

    ‘(e) AMOUNT- A State educational agency shall not award a grant under this part in any fiscal year in an amount less than $75,000.

‘SEC. 10908. LOCAL APPLICATION.

    ‘(a) APPLICATION- To be eligible to receive a grant under this part, a local educational agency, or a consortia of local educational agencies, on behalf of public elementary or secondary schools, shall submit an application to the State educational agency at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the State educational agency may reasonably require.

    ‘(b) CONTENTS- Each such application shall include--

      ‘(1) a comprehensive local plan that enables the school or consortium to serve as a center for the delivery of education and human resources for members of a community;

      ‘(2) an evaluation of the needs, available resources, and goals and objectives for the proposed project in order to determine which activities will be undertaken to address such needs;

      ‘(3) a description of the proposed project, including--

        ‘(A) a description of the mechanism that will be used to disseminate information in a manner that is understandable and accessible to the community;

        ‘(B) a description of how the applicant will coordinate Federal, State, and local programs in order to use most effectively the resources available to support the project;

        ‘(C) a description of the collaborative efforts to be undertaken with community-based organizations, related public agencies, businesses, or other appropriate organizations in order to promote community involvement in the planning and implementation of services provided under this part;

        ‘(D) a description of how the community learning center will serve as a delivery center for existing and new services, especially for interactive telecommunication used for education and professional training; and

        ‘(E) an assurance that the school or consortium will establish a facility utilization policy that specifically states--

          ‘(i) the rules and regulations applicable to building and equipment use; and

          ‘(ii) supervision guidelines;

      ‘(4) information demonstrating that the school or consortium will provide at least 50 percent of the cost of the project from other sources, which may include other Federal funds and may be provided in cash or in-kind, fairly evaluate;

      ‘(5) an assurance that the school or consortium will, each year of the project, expend, from non-Federal sources, at least as much for the services under this part as it expended for the preceding year; and

      ‘(6) information demonstrating how the school or consortium will continue the project after completion of the grant.

‘SEC. 10909. USES OF FUNDS.

    Grants awarded under section 10907, either directly or through contracts with community-based organizations with demonstrated ability to provide high-quality programming, shall be used to establish or expand community learning centers that provide activities that offer significant expanded learning opportunities, such as before and after school, for children and youth in the community. A grantee shall use at least a portion of its grant under section 10907 to implement or expand after school learning opportunities, and shall use the remainder of its grant to carry out not less than three of the following activities:

      ‘(1) Literacy education programs.

      ‘(2) Senior citizen programs.

      ‘(3) Children’s day care services.

      ‘(4) Integrated education, health, social service, recreational, or cultural programs.

      ‘(5) Summer and weekend school programs in conjunction with recreation programs.

      ‘(6) Nutrition and health programs.

      ‘(7) Expanded library service hours to serve community needs.

      ‘(8) Telecommunications and technology education programs for individuals of all ages.

      ‘(9) Parenting skills education programs.

      ‘(10) Support and training for child day care providers.

      ‘(11) Employment counseling, training, and placement.

      ‘(12) Services for individuals who leave school before graduating from secondary school, regardless of the age of such individual.

      ‘(13) Services for individuals with disabilities.

      ‘(14) Mentoring of at-risk children, including mentoring by senior citizens.

‘SEC. 10910. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.

    The Secretary shall use funds reserved under section 10903(b)(4) for technical assistance, evaluation, dissemination of information, activities to encourage the spread and adoption of successful extended learning opportunities programs, and other national activities that support programs under this part.

‘SEC. 10911. DEFINITIONS.

    For the purpose of this part, the term community learning center means an entity within a public elementary or secondary school building that--

      ‘(1) provides expanded learning opportunities, and educational, recreational, health, and social service programs for residents of all ages within a local community in a safe and drug-free environment;

      ‘(2) is operated by a local educational agency in conjunction with local governmental agencies, businesses, vocational education programs, institutions of higher education, community colleges, and cultural, recreational, and other community and human service entities; and

      ‘(3) includes expanded learning opportunities such as before- and after-school.

‘SEC. 10912. SUPPLEMENT.

    ‘Funds made available under this part shall be used to supplement and not supplant other Federal, State, and local funds expended to carry out activities relating to expanded learning opportunities.

‘SEC. 10913. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated $1,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the four succeeding fiscal years, to carry out this part.

SEC. 14. PARENTAL INFORMATION AND RESOURCE CENTERS.

    Title X of the Act is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘PART M--PARENTAL INFORMATION AND RESOURCE CENTERS

‘SEC. 10996. PURPOSE.

    ‘(a) The purpose of this part is--

      ‘(1) to increase parents’ knowledge of and confidence in child-rearing activities, such as teaching and nurturing their young children;

      ‘(2) to strengthen partnerships between parents and professionals in meeting the educational needs of children aged birth through 5 and the working relationship between home and school;

      ‘(3) to enhance the developmental progress of children assisted under this part;

      ‘(4) to fund parental information and resource center in as many States as possible; and

      ‘(5) to provide training and information to parents of school-aged children and persons who work with parents to enable them to work more effectively with professionals in meeting the educational needs of children, increasing parents’ knowledge and understanding of teaching and learning, developing strategies for collaboration among parents, administrators and educators that recognize the relationship between improved educational achievement and parental engagement in their children’s education and accomplishing the purposes of this Act.-

    ‘(b) GRANTS AUTHORIZED-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary is authorized to award grants in each fiscal year to nonprofit organizations to establish parental information and resource centers that provide training, information, and support to--

        ‘(A) parents of children aged birth through 5 years;

        ‘(B) parents of children enrolled in elementary and secondary schools; and

        ‘(C) individuals who work with the parents described in subparagraphs (A) and (B).

      ‘(2) AWARD RULE- In awarding grants under this part, the Secretary shall ensure that such grants are distributed, to the greatest extent possible, to all geographic regions of the United States.

    ‘(c) GRANTS APPLICATIONS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Each nonprofit organization and nonprofit organization in consortium with a local educational agency which desires a grant under this part shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, and containing such information, as the Secretary shall determine.

      ‘(2) GRANTEES- Grantees receiving funds under this part shall be a private nonprofit organization (other than an institution of higher education) that will--

        ‘(A) be governed by a board of directors the membership of which is a majority of parents of children in school receiving funds under this Act and includes members who are education professionals with expertise in standards-based school reform or improving educational outcomes for disadvantaged children; or

        ‘(B) be an organization that represents the interests of parents and has a governing committee whose membership--

          ‘(i) includes a majority of parents and representatives of education professionals with expertise in improving services for disadvantaged children; and

          ‘(ii) pertaining to such organization’s parent and professional membership that such membership is broadly representative of minority, low-income, and other individuals and groups that have an interest in compensatory education and family literacy.

      ‘(3) CONTENTS- Each application submitted under paragraph (1) shall, at a minimum, include assurances that a grantee will--

        ‘(A) use at least one-half of the funds provided under this Act in each fiscal year to serve areas with high concentrations of low-income families in order to serve parents who are severely educationally or economically disadvantaged;

        ‘(B) operate a center of sufficient size, scope, and quality to ensure that the center is adequate to serve the parents in the area;

        ‘(C) serve both urban and rural areas;

        ‘(D) design a center that meets the unique training, information, and support needs of parents described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of section 401(b)(1), particularly parents who are educationally or economically disadvantaged;

        ‘(E) demonstrate the capacity and expertise to conduct the effective training information and support activities for which assistance is sought;

        ‘(F) network with--

          ‘(i) clearinghouses;

          ‘(ii) parent centers for the parents of infants, toddlers, children, and youth with disabilities served under section 631(e) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act;

          ‘(iii) other organizations and agencies serving local low-income, minority, and limited English proficient families with children in programs served under Part I of this Act;

          ‘(iv) established national, State, and local parent groups representing the full range of parents of children, aged birth through 5 years; and

          ‘(v) parents of children enrolled in elementary and secondary schools; and

        ‘(G) focus on serving parents described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of section 401(b) who are parents of low-income, minority, and limited-English proficient, children.

    ‘(d) GRANT RENEWAL- In each fiscal year after the first fiscal year a grantee receives assistance under this part, the grantee shall demonstrate in the application submitted for each fiscal year after such first year that a portion of the services provided by such grantee is supported through non-Federal contributions, which contributions may be in cash or in kind.

    ‘(e) Grant funds received under this part may be used--

      ‘(1) for parent training, information, and support programs that assist parents to--

        ‘(A) better understand their children’s educational needs, teaching and learning, and the provisions of this Act which are designed to improve educational programs for those children;

        ‘(B) provide follow up support for their children’s educational achievement;

        ‘(C) communicate more effectively with teachers, counselors, administrators, and other professional educators and support staff in meeting the educational needs of children;

        ‘(D) participate in the design and provision of assistance to students who are not making adequate educational progress so that they to meet the state standards;

        ‘(E) obtain information about the range of options, programs, services, and resources available at the national, State, and local levels to assist parents and families in promoting meaningful family involvement consistent with parent involvement provisions of this Act;

        ‘(F) seek technical assistance regarding compliance with the requirements of this part and of other Federal programs relevant to achieving the National Education Goals;

        ‘(G) participate in State and local decisionmaking and understand the standards that their child is expected to meet, state and local assessments, and the state’s accountability system, as well as the parent involvement provisions and other provisions of this Act.;

        ‘(H) train other parents; and

        ‘(I) plan, implement, and fund activities that coordinate the education of their children with other Federal programs that serve their children or their families;

      ‘(2) to include State or local educational personnel where such participation will further the activities assisted under the grant; and

      ‘(3) to establish, expand, or operate Parents as Teachers programs or Home Instruction for Preschool Youngsters programs.

    ‘(f) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE- The Secretary shall provide technical assistance, through a competitive grant or contract process, for the establishment, development, and coordination of parent training, information and support programs and parental information and resource centers.

    ‘(g) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this part--

      ‘(1) the term ‘parent education’ includes parent support activities, the provision of resource materials on child development, parent-child learning activities and child rearing issues, private and group educational guidance, individual and group learning experiences for the parent and child, and other activities that enable the parent to improve learning in the home and in elementary and secondary schools served by this Act, and assistance to parents in understanding elementary and secondary education teaching and learning, standards, assessments, report cards, and accountability, and teaching and learning that will assist their children in meeting high standards.

      ‘(2) the term ‘Parents as Teachers program’ means a voluntary early childhood parent education program that--

        ‘(A) is designed to provide all parents of children from birth through age 5 with the information and support such parents need to give their child a solid foundation for school success;

        ‘(B) is based on the Missouri Parents as Teachers model with the philosophy that parents are their child’s first and most influential teachers;

        ‘(C) provides--

          ‘(i) regularly scheduled personal visits with families by certified parent educators;

          ‘(ii) regularly scheduled developmental screenings; and

          ‘(iii) linkage with other resources within the community in order to provide services that parents may want and need, except that such services are beyond the scope of the Parents as Teachers program;

      ‘(3) the term ‘Home Instruction for Preschool Youngsters program’ means a voluntary early-learning program for parents with one or more children between the ages of 3 through 5, that--

        ‘(A) provides support, training, and appropriate educational materials necessary for parents to implement a school-readiness, home instruction program for their child; and

        ‘(B) includes--

          ‘(i) group meetings with other parents participating in the program;

          ‘(ii) individual and group learning experiences with the parent and child;

          ‘(iii) provision of resource materials on child development and parent-child learning activities; and

          ‘(iv) other activities that enable the parent to improve learning in the home.

    ‘(h) REPORTS- Each organization receiving a grant under this part shall submit to the Secretary, on an annual basis, information concerning the parental information and resource centers assisted under this part, including--

      ‘(1) the number of parents, including the number of minority and limited-English-proficient parents, who receive information and training;

      ‘(2) the types and modes of training, information, and support provided under this part;

      ‘(3) the number of Parents as Teachers programs and Home Instruction for Preschool Youngsters programs which have been assisted under this part; and

      ‘(4) the strategies used to reach and serve parents of minority and limited-English-proficient children, parents with limited literacy skills, and other parents in need of the services provided under this part.

    ‘(i) GENERAL PROVISION- Notwithstanding any other provision of this part--

      ‘(1) no person, including a parent who educates a child at home, public school parent, or private school parent, shall be required to participate in any program of parent education or developmental screening pursuant to the provisions of this part;

      ‘(2) no program assisted under this part shall take any action that infringes in any manner on the right of a parent to direct the education of their children; and

      ‘(3) the provisions of section 438(c) of the General Education Provision Act shall apply to organizations awarded grants under this part.

    ‘(j) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2001 and such sums as may be necessary for the four subsequent fiscal years to carry out this part.

‘PART N--URBAN EDUCATION ASSISTANCE’.

‘SEC. 10997A. SHORT TITLE.

    ‘This subpart may be cited as the ‘Eliminating Educational Disparities and Promoting Learning for Urban Students Act of 1999’.

‘SEC. 10997B. FINDINGS.

    ‘The Congress finds that--

      ‘(1) the ability of the Nation’s major urban public school systems to meet the Nation’s educational goals will substantially determine the country’s economic competitiveness and academic standing in the world community;

      ‘(2) the quality of public education in the Nation’s major urban areas has a direct effect on the economic development of the Nation’s cities;

      ‘(3) the success of urban public schools in accelerating the achievement of its youth attending such schools will determine the ability of the Nation to close the gap between the ‘haves and the have-nots’ in society;

      ‘(4) the cost to America’s businesses to provide remedial education to high school graduates is approximately $21,000,000,000 per year;

      ‘(5) approximately one-third of the Nation’s workforce will be members of minority groups by the year 2000;

      ‘(6) urban schools enroll a disproportionately large share of the Nation’s poor and ‘at-risk’ youth;

      ‘(7) urban schools enroll over one-third of the Nation’s poor, 40 percent of the Nation’s African American children, and 30 percent of the Nation’s Hispanic youth;

      ‘(8) nearly 40 percent of the Nation’s limited-English-proficient children and 15 percent of the Nation’s disabled youth are enrolled in urban public schools;

      ‘(9) the National Assessment of Educational Progress shows substantial achievement gaps between urban and nonurban students, whether enrolled in schools located in high or low poverty areas;

      ‘(10) urban school children have begun to narrow the achievement gap in reading according to the recent Reading Report Card issued by the National Assessment of Educational Progress;

      ‘(11) the National Assessment of Educational Progress reports show substantial achievement gaps between white students and African-American and Hispanic students;

      ‘(12) African-American and Hispanic school children have begun to narrow the achievement gap in reading according to the recent Reading Report Card issued by National Assessment of Educational Progress;

      ‘(13) the dropout rate for urban students is more than 50 percent higher than the national dropout rate;

      ‘(14) urban preschoolers have one-half the access to early childhood development programs as do other children;

      ‘(15) teacher shortages and teacher turnover in urban public school systems are substantially greater than in nonurban school systems, particularly in mathematics and science;

      ‘(16) urban public school systems have less parental involvement, and greater problems with health care, teenage pregnancy, truancy and discipline, drug abuse, and gangs than do other kinds of school systems;

      ‘(17) urban school buildings are in more serious disrepair according to the General Accounting Office than facilities in other kinds of school systems with 75 percent of urban public school buildings over 25 years old, 33 percent of such buildings over 50 years old, which create poor and demoralizing working and learning conditions;

      ‘(18) solving the challenges facing our Nation’s urban schools will require the concerted and collaborative efforts of all levels of government and all sectors of the community;

      ‘(19) Federal and State funding of urban public schools has not adequately reflected need; and

      ‘(20) Federal funding that is well-targeted, flexible, and accountable will contribute significantly to addressing the comprehensive needs of inner-city public schools and school children.

‘SEC. 10997C. PURPOSE.

    ‘It is the purpose of this subpart to provide financial assistance to develop, demonstrate, and disseminate educational policies, strategies, and practices in central city schools with high concentrations of students from racial and language minority groups that will significantly improve the academic achievement of an entire school, and narrow or overcome educational disparities between groups of minority and nonminority students, and between urban and nonurban public school students.

‘SEC. 10997D. URBAN SCHOOL GRANTS.

    ‘(a) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED- The Secretary is authorized to make grants to eligible local educational agencies serving an urban area or State educational agencies in the case where the State educational agency is the local educational agency for activities designed to assist schools with high concentrations of students from racial and language minority groups improve schoolwide academic achievement with particular attention to narrowing or overcoming disparities in achievement scores and school completion (1) between minority and nonminority group students; and (2) between urban and nonurban public school students.

    ‘(b) AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES- (1) Funds under this section may be used for activities designed--

      ‘(A) to increase the academic achievement of urban public school children and narrow or overcome the achievement gap between urban and nonurban students;

      ‘(B) to increase the academic achievement of students who are members of racial and language minority groups and narrow or overcome the achievement gap between minority and nonminority group students

      ‘(C) to increase the graduation rates of urban public school students and reduce the dropout rates of urban students, particularly students who are members of minority groups;

      ‘(D) to recruit and retain qualified teachers;

      ‘(E) to facilitate effective parental and community involvement;

      ‘(F) to provide for ongoing staff development to increase the professional capacities of the school leadership, instructional staff and other support services personnel;

      ‘(G) to plan, develop, operate, or expand programs and activities that are designed to assist urban public schools in meeting the National Education Goals; and

      ‘(H) to document, evaluate, and disseminate the results of such activities as required under section 10997G.

    ‘(2) Activities conducted under paragraph (1) shall demonstrate policies, strategies, and practices that hold the promise of effectively addressing the educational disparities identified in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of paragraph (1), such as--

      ‘(A) enrollment in rigorous courses and early completion of gatekeeper courses;

      ‘(B) delivery of instruction by experienced and effective teachers;

      ‘(C) reduced class size;

      ‘(D) increased emphasis on reading in the early grades;

      ‘(E) data-driven instructional design and early identification and intervention with at-risk students;

      ‘(F) extended learning time, including extended school day, extended school year, Saturday school, and summer school;

      ‘(G) establishing annual achievement goals tied to rigorous content and performance standards;

      ‘(H) school-based improvement planning and accountability, and the provision of extended professional development, and ongoing technical assistance and support; and

      ‘(I) increased parental involvement and community involvement including mentoring programs,

    ‘(3) Authorized activities shall be carried out in a school or schools of a feeder system with high concentrations of students from racial and language minority groups within the eligible agency.

    ‘(c) APPLICATIONS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- An urban eligible local educational agency desiring to receive a grant under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary containing a plan describing activities under subsection (b) at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may reasonably require to determine that the application is of sufficient size, scope, and quality to meet the purposes this subpart.

      ‘(2) DURATION- An application submitted pursuant to paragraph (1) may be for a period of not more than five years.

    ‘(d) PAYMENTS- The Secretary shall make an award only to urban eligible local educational agencies that--

      ‘(1) comply with the provisions of section 10997G; and

      ‘(2) demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Secretary that the data submitted pursuant to section 10997G shows progress toward meeting National Education Goals and the purposes of this subpart.

    ‘(e) ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS- Not more than five percent of any award made under this subpart may be used for administrative costs.

    ‘(f) FEDERAL FUNDS TO SUPPLEMENT NOT SUPPLANT NON-FEDERAL FUNDS- An eligible local educational agency may use funds received under this subpart only to supplement and, to the extent practicable, increase the level of funds that would, in the absence of such Federal funds, be made available from non-Federal sources for the education of students participating in activities assisted under this subpart, and in no such case may such funds be used to supplant funds from non-Federal sources.

‘SEC. 10997E. ALLOCATIONS.

    ‘In making awards from amounts appropriated under this subpart, the Secretary shall allocate amounts directly to each urban eligible local educational agency on the basis of the relative number of children counted under section 1124(c) of this Act in such agencies as determined by the Secretary using the most recent satisfactory data.

‘SEC. 10997F. COORDINATION.

    ‘Each local educational agency receiving assistance under this subpart shall carry out activities, to the extent feasible and appropriate, in coordination with other programs funded this Act. Such agency may request directly from the Secretary under the appropriate provisions of section 14401 the waiver of requirements in such programs that would inhibit such coordination and the effective implementation of the activities required under this subpart.

‘SEC. 10997G. EVALUATION AND DISSEMINATION.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- Each local educational agency receiving assistance under this subpart shall select an independent evaluator to assist the agency in designing and implementing an evaluation plan that documents and analyzes the effectiveness of the demonstrated activities.

    ‘(b) LIMITATION- A local educational agency shall expend no more than two percent of funds awarded by the Secretary for activities under section 10997D(b)(1)(H).

    ‘(c) PROJECT MODIFICATIONS- A local educational agency shall modify, not less than every two years, activities supported under this subpart based on the results of information gathered under subsection (a), and discontinue practices that do not promise to produce significant results; and

    ‘(d) DISSEMINATION ACTIVITIES- Each local educational agency receiving assistance under this subpart shall design and implement appropriate dissemination activities to distribute information on effective policies, strategies and practices that have been demonstrated by the project.

‘SEC. 10997H. DEFINITIONS.

    ‘Except as otherwise provided, for the purposes of this subpart:

      ‘(1) CENTRAL CITY- The term ‘central city’ has the same meaning used by the Bureau of the Census.

      ‘(2) METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA- The term ‘metropolitan statistical area’ has the same meaning used by the Bureau of the Census.

      ‘(3) POVERTY LEVEL- The term ‘poverty level’ means the criteria of poverty used by the Bureau of the Census in compiling the most recent decennial census.

      ‘(4) URBAN ELIGIBLE LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY- The term ‘urban eligible local educational agency’ means a local educational agency that--

        ‘(A) serves the largest central city in a State;

        ‘(B) enrolls more than 30,000 students and serves a central city with a population of at least 200,000 in a metropolitan statistical area; or

        ‘(C) enrolls between 25,000 and 30,000 students and serves a central city with a population of at least 140,000 in a metropolitan statistical area.

‘SEC. 10997I. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ‘There are authorized to be appropriated $250,000,000 for fiscal year 2001, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the four succeeding fiscal years for the purpose of carrying out this part.’.

SEC. 15. COORDINATED SERVICES.

    Title XI of the Act is amended to read as follows:

‘TITLE XI--COORDINATED SERVICES

‘SEC. 11001. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE.

    ‘(a) FINDINGS- Congress finds the following:

      ‘(1) Growing numbers of children are harmed by influences outside of the classroom that increase their risk of academic failure.

      ‘(2) Factors such as poor nutrition, unsafe living conditions, physical and sexual abuse, family and gang violence, inadequate health care, unemployment, lack of child care, and substance abuse harm families, and negatively affect a child’s ability to learn.

      ‘(3) Parents and other caregivers in today’s high-pressure society often face heavy demands on their time that affect their ability to adequately meet all the needs of their children.

      ‘(4) Access to health and social service programs in a school-based or school-linked community service center may make it easier for families to address the basic physical and emotional needs of children and parents.

      ‘(5) Services for families need to be more convenient and less fragmented and duplicative.

      ‘(6) Parents, school personnel, and service providers should have access to services and activities to improve the education, health, mental health, safety and economic well-being of children and their families.

      ‘(7) School personnel, health care providers, mental health care providers, child care providers, juvenile justice workers and other family service providers could be of greater assistance to children and their families if they had access to a single school-based or school-linked community service center.

      ‘(8) Coordinating health and social services with education will help the Nation meet America’s Education Goals by ensuring that children come to school ready to learn.

    ‘(b) PURPOSE- The purpose of this title is to encourage eligible partnerships to establish or expand child opportunity zone family centers in or near public elementary and secondary schools in order to provide students and their families better access to coordinated services which improve their education, health, mental health, safety, and economic well-being.

SEC. 11002. COORDINATED SERVICES.

    (a) PROGRAM AUTHORIZED- Pursuant to section 14205(b), a local educational agency, school, or consortium of schools may use not more than 5 percent of the funds received under this Act for the development, or the implementation or expansion, of a coordinated service project under this section.

    (b) APPLICATION- Each local educational agency desiring to use funds described in subsection (a) to carry out this section shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may reasonably require.

    (c) USES OF FUNDS- Funds described in subsection (a) may be used to plan, implement, or expand activities which include--

      (1) hiring a services coordinator;

      (2) making minor renovations to existing buildings;

      (3) purchasing basic operating equipment;

      (4) improving communications and information-sharing among entities participating in the coordinated services project; or

      (5) providing training to teachers and appropriate personnel concerning such teacher’s and personnel’s role in a coordinated services project.

‘SEC. 11003. GRANTS AUTHORIZED.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may award, on a competitive basis, grants to eligible partnerships to pay for the Federal share of the cost of establishing and expanding child opportunity zone family centers.

    ‘(b) DURATION- The Secretary shall award grants under this section for periods of 5 years.

‘SEC. 11004. REQUIRED ACTIVITIES.

    ‘Each eligible partnership receiving a grant under this part shall use the grant funds--

      ‘(1) in accordance with the needs assessment described in section 11005(b)(1), to provide or link children and their families with information, support, activities, or services in core areas consisting of--

        ‘(A) education, such as child care and education programs for children below the age of compulsory school attendance, before- and after-school care, and school age enrichment and education support programs;

        ‘(B) health, such as primary care (including prenatal care, well child care, and mental health care), preventative health and safety programs, outreach and referral, screening and health promotion, and enrollment in health insurance programs; and

        ‘(C) family support, such as adult education and literacy programs, welfare-to-work-programs, job training, parenting skills programs, assistance that supports healthy child development, and access to basic needs, including food and housing;

      ‘(2) to provide intensive, high-quality, research-based instructional programs that--

        ‘(A) provide violence prevention education for families and developmentally appropriate instructional services to children (including children below the age of compulsory school attendance), such as education and services on nonviolent conflict resolution, pro social skills and behaviors, and other skills necessary for effectively relating to others without violence; and

        ‘(B) provide effective strategies for nurturing and supporting the emotional, social, and cognitive growth of children; and

      ‘(3) to provide training, information, and support to families to enable the families to participate effectively in their children’s education, and to help their children meet challenging standards, including assisting families to--

        ‘(A) understand the accountability systems, including content standards, performance standards, and local assessments, in place for the State involved, the participating local educational agency, and the participating elementary school or secondary school;

        ‘(B) understand their children’s educational needs, their children’s educational performance in comparison to State and local standards, and the steps the school is taking to address the children’s needs and to help the children meet the standards; and

        ‘(C) communicate effectively with personnel responsible for providing educational services to the families’ children, and to participate in the development, amendment, review, and implementation of school-parent compacts, parent involvement policies, and school plans.

‘SEC. 11005. APPLICATIONS.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- Each eligible partnership desiring a grant under this part shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require.

    ‘(b) CONTENTS- Each application submitted pursuant to subsection (a) shall--

      ‘(1) include a needs assessment, including a description of how the partnership will ensure that the activities to be assisted under this part will be tailored to meet the specific needs of the children and families to be served;

      ‘(2) describe arrangements that have been formalized between the participating elementary school or secondary school, and other partnership members;

      ‘(3) describe how the partnership will effectively coordinate and utilize Federal, State, and local educational agency sources of funding, including funding provided under part I of title X and under the Safe Schools/Healthy Students Initiative (jointly funded by the Departments of Education, Justice, and Health and Human Services), that provide assistance to families and their children in the areas of job training, housing, justice, health, mental health, child care, and social and human services;

      ‘(4) describe the partnership’s plan to--

        ‘(A) develop and carry out the activities assisted under this part with extensive participation of parents, administrators, teachers, pupil services personnel, social and human service agencies, and community organizations and leaders; and

        ‘(B) connect and integrate the activities assisted under this part with the education reform efforts of the participating elementary school or secondary school, and the participating local educational agency;

      ‘(5) describe the partnership’s strategy for providing information and assistance in a language and form that families can understand, including how the partnership will ensure that families of students with limited English proficiency, or families of students with disabilities, are effectively involved, informed, and assisted;

      ‘(6) describe how the partnership will collect and analyze data, and will utilize specific performance measures and indicators to--

        ‘(A) determine the impact of activities assisted under this part as described in section 11008(a); and

        ‘(B) improve the activities assisted under this part; and

      ‘(7) describe how the partnership will protect the privacy of families and their children participating in the activities assisted under this part.

‘SEC. 11006. FEDERAL SHARE.

    ‘The Federal share of the cost of establishing and expanding child opportunity zone family centers--

      ‘(1) for the first year for which an eligible partnership receives assistance under this part shall not exceed 90 percent;

      ‘(2) for the second such year, shall not exceed 80 percent;

      ‘(3) for the third such year, shall not exceed 70 percent;

      ‘(4) for the fourth such year, shall not exceed 60 percent; and

      ‘(5) for the fifth such year, shall not exceed 50 percent.

‘SEC. 11007. CONTINUATION OF FUNDING.

    ‘Each eligible partnership that receives a grant under this part shall, after the third year for which the partnership receives funds through the grant, be eligible to continue to receive the funds if the Secretary determines that the partnership has made significant progress in meeting the performance measures used for the partnership’s local evaluation under section 11008(a)(4).

‘SEC. 11008. EVALUATIONS AND REPORTS.

    ‘(a) LOCAL EVALUATIONS- Each partnership receiving funds under this part shall conduct annual evaluations and submit to the Secretary reports containing the results of the evaluations. The reports shall include--

      ‘(1) information on the partnership’s activities that are assisted under this part;

      ‘(2) information on the number of families and children served by the partnership’s activities that are assisted under this part;

      ‘(3) information on the partnership’s effectiveness in reaching and meeting the needs of families and children served under this part, including underserved families, families of students with limited English proficiency, and families of students with disabilities; and

      ‘(4) the results of a partnership’s performance assessment of the partnership, including performance measures demonstrating--

        ‘(A) improvements in student achievement, school readiness, family participation in schools, and access to health care, mental health care, child care, and family support services, resulting from activities assisted under this part; and

        ‘(B) reductions in violence-related problems and risk taking behavior among youth, and reductions in truancy, suspension, and dropout rates, resulting from activities assisted under this part.

    ‘(b) NATIONAL EVALUATIONS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall reserve not more than 3 percent of the amount appropriated under this part to carry out a national evaluation of the activities assisted under this part. Such evaluation shall be completed not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of the Child Opportunity Zone Family Center Act of 1999, and every year thereafter.

      ‘(2) SCOPE OF EVALUATION- In conducting the national evaluation, the Secretary shall evaluate the effectiveness and impact of the activities, and identify model activities, assisted under this part.

      ‘(3) ANNUAL REPORTS- The Secretary shall submit an annual report to Congress, regarding each national evaluation conducted under paragraph (1), that contains the information described in the national evaluation.

    ‘(c) MODEL ACTIVITIES- The Secretary shall broadly disseminate information on model activities developed under this part.

‘SEC. 11009. DEFINITIONS.

    ‘For the purpose of this title--

      ‘(1) the term ‘coordinated services project’ means a comprehensive approach to meeting the educational, health, social service, and other needs of children and their families, including foster children and their foster families, through a communitywide partnership that links public and private agencies providing such services or access to such services through a coordination site at or near a school; and

      ‘(2) CHILD OPPORTUNITY ZONE FAMILY CENTER- The term ‘child opportunity zone family center’ means a school-based or school-linked community service center that provides and links children and their families with comprehensive information, support, services, and activities to improve the education, health, mental health, safety, and economic well-being of the children and their families.

      ‘(3) ELIGIBLE PARTNERSHIP- The term ‘eligible partnership’ means a partnership--

        ‘(A) that contains--

          ‘(i) at least 1 elementary school or secondary school that--

            ‘(I) receives assistance under title I and for which a measure of poverty determination is made under section 1113(a)(5) with respect to a minimum of 40 percent of the children in the school; and

            ‘(II) demonstrates parent involvement and parent support for the partnership’s activities;

          ‘(ii) a local educational agency;

          ‘(iii) a public agency, other than a local educational agency, including a local or State department of health and social services; and

          ‘(iv) a nonprofit community-based organization, including a community mental health services organization or a family health center that provides mental health services; and

        ‘(B) that may contain--

          ‘(i) an institution of higher education; and

          ‘(ii) other public or private nonprofit entities.

‘SEC. 11010. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ‘There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this part $50,000,000 for fiscal year 2000, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2004.’.

SEC. 15. PUBLIC SCHOOL REPAIR AND RENOVATION.

    Title XII of the Act is amended to read as follows:

‘TITLE XII--PUBLIC SCHOOL REPAIR AND RENOVATION

‘SEC. 12001. FINDINGS.

    ‘The Congress finds as follows:

      ‘(1) The General Accounting Office estimated in 1995 that it would cost $112,000,000,000 to bring school facilities in the United States into good overall condition.

      ‘(2) The General Accounting Office also found, in that year, that 60 percent of the schools in the United States, serving 28,000,000 students, reported that one or more building features, such as roofs or plumbing, needed to be extensively repaired, overhauled, or replaced.

      ‘(3) The National Center for Education Statistics reported that the average age for a school building in 1998 was 42 years and that local educational agencies with relatively high rates of poverty tend to have relatively old buildings.

      ‘(4) School condition is positively correlated with student achievement, according to a number of research studies.

      ‘(5) The results of a recent survey indicate that the condition of schools with large proportions of students living on Indian lands is particularly poor.

      ‘(6) While school repair and renovation are primarily a State and local concern, some States and communities are not, on their own, able to meet the burden of providing adequate school facilities for all students, and the poorest communities have had the greatest difficulty meeting this need. It is, therefore, appropriate for the Federal Government to provide assistance to high-need communities for school repair and renovation.

‘SEC. 12002. PURPOSE.

    ‘The purpose of this title is to assist high-need local educational agencies in making urgent repairs and renovations to public school facilities in order to--

      ‘(1) reduce health and safety problems faced by students; and

      ‘(2) improve the ability of students to learn in their school environment.

‘SEC. 12003. AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- A recipient of a grant or loan under this title shall use the grant or loan to carry out the purpose of this title by--

      ‘(1) repairing or replacing roofs, electrical wiring, or plumbing;

      ‘(2) repairing, replacing, or installing heating, ventilation, or air conditioning systems;

      ‘(3) undertaking asbestos removal or abatement;

      ‘(4) removing lead-based paint;

      ‘(5) bringing schools into compliance with fire safety codes;

      ‘(6) ensuring that repairs and renovations under this title comply with the requirements of section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 793) and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.) relating to the accessibility of public school programs to individuals with disabilities; and

      ‘(7) making other types of school repairs and renovations that the Secretary may reasonably determine are urgently needed, particularly projects to correct facilities problems that endanger the health and safety of students and staff.

    ‘(b) LIMITATION- The Secretary shall not approve an application for a grant or loan under this title unless the applicant demonstrates to the Secretary’s satisfaction that it lacks sufficient funds, from other sources, to carry out the repairs or renovations for which it is requesting assistance.

‘SEC. 12004. GRANTS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES WITH HIGH CONCENTRATIONS OF STUDENTS LIVING ON INDIAN LANDS.

    ‘(a) ELIGIBILITY- A local educational agency is eligible for a grant under this section for a fiscal year if the number of children determined under section 8003(a)(1)(C) for such agency and year constituted at least 50 percent of the number of children who were in average daily attendance in the schools of such agency, and for whom such agency provided free public education, during the preceding school year.

    ‘(b) ALLOCATION OF FUNDS- The Secretary shall allocate funds available to carry out this section for a fiscal year to eligible local educational agencies based on their respective numbers of children who were determined under section 8003(a)(1)(C) for purposes of the computation under section 8003(a) for such year.

    ‘(c) APPLICATIONS- Each eligible local educational agency that desires to receive a grant under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary that includes--

      ‘(1) a statement of how it would use the grant funds;

      ‘(2) a description of the steps it will take to adequately maintain the facilities that it repairs, renovates, or constructs with those funds; and

      ‘(3) such other information and assurances as the Secretary may reasonably require.

    ‘(d) CONSTRUCTION OF NEW SCHOOLS- In addition to any other activity authorized under section 12003, a grantee under this section may use grant funds to construct a new school if it demonstrates to the Secretary’s satisfaction that it would replace an existing school that is in such poor condition that renovating it would not be cost-effective.

‘SEC. 12005. GRANTS TO HIGH-POVERTY LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.

    ‘(a) GRANTS AUTHORIZED- From funds available under section 12008(c)(1), the Secretary shall make grants, on a competitive basis, to local educational agencies. A local educational agency is eligible to receive a grant under this section only if at least 25 percent of the children under the jurisdiction of the agency are from families with incomes below the poverty line (as defined by the Office of Management and Budget and revised annually in accordance with section 673(2) of the Community Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9902(2))).

    ‘(b) CRITERIA FOR AWARDING GRANTS- In making grants under this section, the Secretary shall consider--

      ‘(1) the percentage of children from low-income families under the jurisdiction of each applicant, the need for school repairs and renovations, and the fiscal capacity of each applicant; and

      ‘(2) such other factors as the Secretary determines appropriate.

    ‘(c) APPLICATIONS- Each eligible local educational agency that desires to receive a grant under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary that includes--

      ‘(1) a description of its urgent need for school repair and renovation and how it would use funds available under this title to meet those needs;

      ‘(2) information on the fiscal effort that it is making in support of education and evidence demonstrating that it lacks the capacity to meet its urgent school repair and renovation needs without assistance available under this title;

      ‘(3) a description of the steps it will take to adequately maintain the facilities that it repairs or renovates with that assistance; and

      ‘(4) such other information and assurances as the Secretary may reasonably require.

‘SEC. 12006. SCHOOL RENOVATION LOANS AND GRANTS.

    ‘(a) LOANS AND GRANTS AUTHORIZED- From funds available under section 12008(c)(2), the Secretary shall pay the cost of loans and grants made, on a competitive basis, to high-need local educational agencies that lack the ability to fund urgent school repairs.

    ‘(b) LOAN PERIOD- Each loan under this section shall be for a period of seven years and shall carry an interest rate of zero percent.

    ‘(c) CRITERIA FOR MAKING LOANS AND GRANTS- In making loans and grants under this section, the Secretary shall consider--

      ‘(1) the percentage of children from low-income families under the jurisdiction of each applicant, the need for school repairs and renovations, and the fiscal capacity of each applicant; and

      ‘(2) such other factors as the Secretary determines appropriate.

    ‘(d) APPLICATIONS- Each eligible local educational agency that desires to receive a loan or grant under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary that includes the information described in section 12005(c).

    ‘(e) CREDIT STANDARDS- In making loans under this section, the Secretary--

      ‘(1) shall not extend credit without finding that there is reasonable assurance of repayment; and

      ‘(2) may use credit enhancement techniques, as appropriate, to reduce the credit risk of loans.

    ‘(f) NUMBER OF LOANS AND GRANTS- Subject to section 12008(d), in carrying out this section, the Secretary shall determine the number of loans and grants to be made for a fiscal year and their relative proportions.

‘SEC. 12007. PROGRESS REPORTS.

    ‘The Secretary shall require recipients of grants and loans under this title to submit progress reports and such other information as the Secretary determines necessary to ensure compliance with this title and to evaluate its impact.

‘SEC. 12008. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS; RESERVATION OF FUNDS; LIMITATION ON LOAN VOLUME.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- For the purpose of carrying out this title, there are authorized to be appropriated $1,300,000,000 for fiscal year 2001 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years.

    ‘(b) RESERVATION FOR GRANTS UNDER SECTION 12004- Of the amount appropriated under subsection (a) for any fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve $50,000,000 for the purpose of making grants under section 12004.

    ‘(c) GRANTS UNDER SECTION 12005 AND LOANS AND GRANTS UNDER SECTION 12006- Of the amount appropriated under subsection (a) for any fiscal year and remaining after the application of subsection (b)--

      ‘(1) 10 percent shall be available for making grants under section 12005; and

      ‘(2) 90 percent shall be available for making loans and grants under section 12006.

    ‘(d) LIMITATION ON LOAN VOLUME- Within the available resources and authority, gross obligations for the principal amount of loans made by the Secretary under section 12006 for fiscal year 2001 shall not exceed $7,000,000,000, or the amount specified in an applicable appropriations Act, whichever is greater.

‘SEC. 12009. DEFINITIONS; SPECIAL RULE.

    ‘(a) DEFINITIONS- For the purpose of this title, the following terms have the following meanings:

      ‘(1) INDIAN LANDS- The term ‘Indian lands’ has the meaning given such term in section 8013.

      ‘(2) PUBLIC SCHOOL FACILITY-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- The term ‘public school facility’ means a public building whose primary purpose is the instruction of public elementary or secondary students and minimal initial equipment, machinery, and utilities necessary or appropriate for school purposes.

        ‘(B) EXCLUSION- The term excludes athletic stadiums or any other structure or facility intended primarily for athletic exhibitions, contests, games, or events for which admission is charged to the general public.

      ‘(3) REPAIR AND RENOVATION- The term ‘repair and renovation’ means the repair or renovation of an existing public school facility without increasing its size.

    ‘(b) SPECIAL RULE- In any of the 50 States of the United States in which there is only one local educational agency, the Secretary shall, for purposes of this title, consider each administrative school district in the State to be a separate local educational agency.’.

SEC. 16. SUPPORT AND ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS TO IMPROVE EDUCATION AND ESTABLISH AMERICA’S EDUCATION GOALS.

    Title XIII of the Act is amended to read as follows:

‘TITLE XIII--SUPPORT AND ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS TO IMPROVE EDUCATION AND ESTABLISH AMERICA’S EDUCATION GOALS

PART A--COMPREHENSIVE REGIONAL ASSISTANCE CENTERS

‘SEC. 13101. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

    ‘(a) COMPREHENSIVE REGIONAL ASSISTANCE CENTERS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary is authorized to award grants to, or enter into contracts or cooperative agreements with, public or private nonprofit entities or consortia of such entities in order to establish a networked system of 15 comprehensive regional assistance centers to provide comprehensive training and technical assistance, related to administration and implementation of programs under this Act, to States, local educational agencies, schools, tribes, community-based organizations, and other recipients of funds under this Act.

      ‘(2) CONSIDERATION- In establishing comprehensive regional assistance centers and allocating resources among the centers, the Secretary shall consider--

        ‘(A) the geographic distribution of students assisted under title I;

        ‘(B) the geographic and linguistic distribution of students of limited-English proficiency;

        ‘(C) the geographic distribution of Indian students;

        ‘(D) the special needs of students living in urban and rural areas; and

        ‘(E) the special needs of States and outlying areas in geographic isolation.

      ‘(3) SPECIAL RULE- The Secretary shall establish 1 comprehensive regional assistance center under this section in Hawaii.

    ‘(b) SERVICE TO INDIANS AND ALASKA NATIVES- The Secretary shall ensure that each comprehensive regional assistance center that serves a region with a significant population of Indian or Alaska Native students shall--

      ‘(1) be awarded to a consortium which includes a tribally controlled community college or other Indian organization; and

      ‘(2) assist in the development and implementation of instructional strategies, methods and materials which address the specific cultural and other needs of Indian or Alaska Native students.

    ‘(c) ACCOUNTABILITY- To ensure the quality and effectiveness of the networked system of comprehensive regional assistance centers supported under this part, the Secretary shall--

      ‘(1) develop, in consultation with the Assistant Secretary for Elementary and Secondary Education, the Director of the Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs, and the Assistant Secretary for Educational Research and Improvement, a set of performance indicators that assesses whether the work of the centers assists in improving teaching and learning under this Act for all children, particularly children at risk of educational failure;

      ‘(2) conduct surveys every 2 years of populations to be served under this Act to determine if such populations are satisfied with the access to and quality of such services;

      ‘(3) collect, as part of the Department’s reviews of programs under this Act, information about the availability and quality of services provided by the centers, and share that information with the centers; and

      ‘(4) take whatever steps are reasonable and necessary to ensure that each center performs its responsibilities in a satisfactory manner, which may include--

        ‘(A) termination of an award under this part (if the Secretary concludes that performance has been unsatisfactory) and the selection of a new center; and

        ‘(B) whatever interim arrangements the Secretary determines are necessary to ensure the satisfactory delivery of services under this part to an affected region.

    ‘(d) DURATION- Grants, contracts or cooperative agreements under this section shall be awarded for a period of 5 years.

‘SEC. 13102. REQUIREMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE REGIONAL ASSISTANCE CENTERS.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- Each comprehensive regional assistance center established under section 13101(a) shall--

      ‘(1) maintain appropriate staff expertise and provide support, training, and assistance to State educational agencies, tribal divisions of education, local educational agencies, schools, and other grant recipients under this Act, in--

        ‘(A) improving the quality of instruction, curricula, assessments, and other aspects of school reform, supported with funds under title I;

        ‘(B) implementing effective schoolwide programs under section 1114;

        ‘(C) meeting the needs of children served under this Act, including children in high-poverty areas, migratory children, immigrant children, children with limited-English proficiency, neglected or delinquent children, homeless children and youth, Indian children, children with disabilities, and, where applicable, Alaska Native children and Native Hawaiian children;

        ‘(D) implementing high-quality professional development activities for teachers, and where appropriate, administrators, pupil services personnel and other staff;

        ‘(E) improving the quality of bilingual education, including programs that emphasize English and native language proficiency and promote multicultural understanding;

        ‘(F) creating safe and drug-free environments, especially in areas experiencing high levels of drug use and violence in the community and school;

        ‘(G) implementing educational applications of technology;

        ‘(H) coordinating services and programs to meet the needs of students so that students can fully participate in the educational program of the school;

        ‘(I) expanding the involvement and participation of parents in the education of their children;

        ‘(J) reforming schools, school systems, and the governance and management of schools;

        ‘(K) evaluating programs; and

        ‘(L) meeting the special needs of students living in urban and rural areas and the special needs of local educational agencies serving urban and rural areas;

      ‘(2) ensure that technical assistance staff have sufficient training, knowledge, and expertise in how to integrate and coordinate programs under this Act with each other, as well as with other Federal, State, and local programs and reforms;

      ‘(3) provide technical assistance using the highest quality and most cost-effective strategies possible;

      ‘(4) coordinate services, work cooperatively, and regularly share information with, the regional educational laboratories, the Eisenhower regional consortia under part B, research and development centers, and other entities engaged in research, development, dissemination, and technical assistance activities which are supported by the Department as part of a Federal technical assistance system, to provide a broad range of support services to schools in the region while minimizing the duplication of such services;

      ‘(5) work collaboratively with the Department’s regional offices; and

      ‘(6) consult with representatives of State educational agencies, local educational agencies, and populations served under this Act.

    ‘(b) PRIORITY- Each comprehensive regional assistance center assisted under this part shall give priority to servicing--

      ‘(1) schoolwide programs under section 1114; and

      ‘(2) local educational agencies and Bureau-funded schools with the highest percentages or numbers of children in poverty.

‘SEC. 13103. APPLICATION REQUIREMENTS.

    ‘Each entity or consortium desiring assistance under this part shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner and accompanied by such information, as the Secretary may require. Each such application shall--

      ‘(1) demonstrate how the comprehensive regional assistance center will provide expertise and services in the areas described in section 13102;

      ‘(2) demonstrate support from States, local educational agencies and tribes in the area to be served;

      ‘(3) demonstrate how such centers will ensure a fair distribution of services to urban and rural areas; and

      ‘(4) provide such other information as the Secretary may require.

‘SEC. 13104. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    For the purpose of carrying out this part, there are authorized to be appropriated $70,000,000 for fiscal year 2001 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the four succeeding fiscal years.

‘PART B--EISENHOWER REGIONAL MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE EDUCATION CONSORTIA

‘SEC. 13201. PROGRAM ESTABLISHED.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL-

      ‘(1) GRANTS AUTHORIZED- The Secretary, in consultation with the Director of the National Science Foundation, is authorized to award grants or contracts to eligible entities to enable such entities to establish and operate regional mathematics and science education consortia for the purpose of--

        ‘(A) disseminating exemplary mathematics and science education instructional materials; and

        ‘(B) providing technical assistance for the implementation of teaching methods and assessment tools for use by elementary and secondary school students, teachers and administrators.

      ‘(2) NUMBER- The Secretary, in accordance with the provisions of this section, shall award at least one grant or contract to an eligible entity in each region.

      ‘(3) SPECIAL RULE- In any fiscal year, if the amount made available pursuant to section 13208 is less than $4,500,000, then the Secretary may waive the provisions of paragraph (2) and award grants or contracts of sufficient size, scope, and quality to carry out this section.

      ‘(4) DESIGNATION- Each regional consortium assisted under this section shall be known as an ‘Eisenhower regional consortium’.

    ‘(b) GRANT TERM AND REVIEW- Grants or contracts under this part shall be awarded for a period of not more than 5 years and shall be reviewed before the end of the 30-month period beginning on the date the grant or contract is awarded. Grants or contracts under this part shall be awarded before the end of the 12-month period beginning on the date of the enactment of an Act making appropriations to carry out this part.

    ‘(c) AMOUNT- In awarding grants or contracts under this part, the Secretary shall ensure that there is a relatively equal distribution of the funds made available among the regions, except that the Secretary may award additional funds to a regional consortium on the basis of population and geographical conditions of the region being served.

‘SEC. 13202. USE OF FUNDS.

    Funds provided under this part may be used by a regional consortium, under the direction of a regional board established under section 13204, to--

      ‘(1) work cooperatively with the other regional consortia, the Eisenhower National Clearinghouse for Science and Mathematics Education established under title II and federally funded technical assistance providers to more effectively accomplish the activities described in this section;

      ‘(2) assist, train and provide technical assistance to classroom teachers, administrators, and other educators to identify, implement, assess or adapt the instructional materials, teaching methods and assessment tools described in section 13201(a)(1);

      ‘(3) provide for the training of classroom teachers to enable such teachers to instruct other teachers, administrators, and educators in the use of the instructional materials, teaching methods and assessment tools described in section 13201(a)(1) in the classroom;

      ‘(4) when necessary, provide financial assistance to enable teachers and other educators to attend and participate in the activities of the regional consortium;

      ‘(5) implement programs and activities designed to meet the needs of groups that are underrepresented in, and underserved by, mathematics and science education;

      ‘(6) assist State and local educational agencies in identifying science equipment needs, and help such agencies, or consortia thereof, assess the need for and desirability of regional mathematics and science academies;

      ‘(7) develop and disseminate early childhood education mathematics and science instructional materials;

      ‘(8) disseminate information regarding informal mathematics and science education activities and programs offered by Federal agencies and private or public agencies and institutions within the region;

      ‘(9) collect data on activities assisted under this part in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the activities of the regional consortia;

      ‘(10) identify exemplary teaching practices and materials from within the region and communicate such practices and materials to the Eisenhower National Clearinghouse for Mathematics and Science Education;

      ‘(11) communicate, on a regular basis, with entities within the region who are delivering services to students and teachers of mathematics and science;

      ‘(12) assist in the development and evaluation of State and regional plans and activities that hold promise of bringing about systemic reform in student performance in mathematics and science; and

      ‘(13) increase the use of informal education entities (such as science technology centers, museums, libraries, Saturday academies, and 4H programs) for educational purposes to expand student knowledge and understanding.

‘SEC. 13203. APPLICATION AND REVIEW.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- Each eligible entity desiring a grant or contract under this part shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such additional information as the Secretary may reasonably require. Each such application shall--

      ‘(1) demonstrate that the eligible entity has demonstrated expertise in the fields of mathematics and science education;

      ‘(2) demonstrate that the eligible entity shall implement and disseminate mathematics and science education instructional materials, teaching methods, and assessment tools through a consortium of the region’s mathematics and science education organizations and agencies;

      ‘(3) demonstrate that the eligible entity shall carry out the functions of the regional consortium;

      ‘(4) demonstrate that emphasis will be given to programs and activities designed to meet the needs of groups that are underrepresented in, and underserved by, mathematics and science education;

      ‘(5) demonstrate that the business community in the region served by the regional consortium will play an integral role in designing and supporting the regional consortium’s work; and

      ‘(6) assure that the entity will conduct its activities and supervise its personnel in a manner that effectively ensures compliance with the copyright laws of the United States under title 17, United States Code.

    ‘(b) APPROVAL OF APPLICATION-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall approve or disapprove applications submitted pursuant to subsection (a) in accordance with the criteria and procedures established under paragraph (2).

      ‘(2) PROCEDURES AND CRITERIA- The Secretary shall develop procedures and criteria designed to ensure that grants or contracts are competitively awarded on the basis of merit determined under a peer review process.

      ‘(3) NATIONAL PANEL-

        ‘(A) The Secretary, in consultation with the Director, shall establish a national panel, or to the extent necessary, panels, to submit to the Secretary recommendations for awards of grants or contracts under this part. The Secretary shall appoint the members of such panel or panels.

        ‘(B) Each panel appointed under subparagraph (A) shall include participation, to the extent feasible, from each region.

‘SEC. 13204. REGIONAL BOARDS.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- Each eligible entity receiving a grant or contract under this part shall establish a regional board to oversee the administration and establishment of program priorities for the regional consortium established by such eligible entity. Such regional board shall be broadly representative of the agencies and organizations participating in the regional consortium.

    ‘(b) PROHIBITION ON USE OF FEDERAL FUNDS- No Federal funds may be used for the establishment or operation of a regional board required by subsection (a), except that, at the discretion of a regional board, Federal funds may be used to provide assistance such as travel and accommodations for board members who could not otherwise afford to participate as members of the board.

‘SEC. 13205. PAYMENTS; FEDERAL SHARE; NON-FEDERAL SHARE.

    ‘(a) PAYMENTS- The Secretary shall pay to each eligible entity having an application approved under section 13203 the Federal share of the cost of the activities described in the application.

    ‘(b) FEDERAL SHARE- For the purpose of subsection (a), the Federal share shall be 80 percent.

    ‘(c) NON-FEDERAL SHARE- The non-Federal share of the cost of activities described in the application submitted under section 13203 may be in cash or in kind, fairly evaluated. At least 10 percent of such non-Federal share shall be from sources other than the Federal Government, or State or local government.

‘SEC. 13206. EVALUATION.

    ‘(a) EVALUATION REQUIRED- The Secretary, through the Office of Educational Research and Improvement and in accordance with section 14701, shall collect sufficient data on, and evaluate the effectiveness of, the activities of each regional consortium.

    ‘(b) ASSESSMENT- The evaluations described in paragraph (1) shall include an assessment of the effectiveness of the regional consortium in meeting the needs of the schools, teachers, administrators and students in the region.

    ‘(c) REPORT- At the end of each grant or contract period, the Secretary shall submit to the Congress a report on the effectiveness of the programs conducted at each regional consortium.

‘SEC. 13207. DEFINITIONS.

    For purposes of this part:

      ‘(1) The term ‘eligible entity’ means--

        ‘(A) a private nonprofit organization of demonstrated effectiveness;

        ‘(B) an institution of higher education;

        ‘(C) an elementary or secondary school;

        ‘(D) a State or local educational agency;

        ‘(E) a regional educational laboratory in consortium with the research and development center established under section 931(c)(1)(B)(i) of the Educational Research, Development, Dissemination, and Improvement Act of 1994; or

        ‘(F) any combination of the entities described in subparagraphs (A) through (E), with demonstrated expertise in mathematics and science education.

      ‘(2) The terms ‘mathematics’ and ‘science’ include the technology education associated with mathematics and science, respectively.

      ‘(3) The term ‘region’ means a region of the United States served by a regional education laboratory that is supported by the Secretary pursuant to section 405(d)(4)(A)(i) of the General Education Provisions Act (as such section was in existence on the day preceding the date of enactment of the Goals 2000: Educate America Act).

      ‘(4) The term ‘regional consortium’ means each regional mathematics and science education consortium established pursuant to section 13201.

      ‘(5) The term ‘State agency for higher education’ means the State board of higher education or other agency or officer primarily responsible for the State supervision of higher education, or, if there is no such officer or agency, an officer or agency designated for the purpose of carrying out this part by the Governor or by State law.

‘SEC. 13208. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated $23,000,000 for fiscal 2001, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years, to carry out this part.

‘PART C--AMERICA’S EDUCATION GOALS PANEL AND AMERICA’S EDUCATION GOALS

‘SEC. 13301. PURPOSE.

    ‘The purpose of this part is--

      ‘(1) to establish America’s Education Goals; and

      ‘(2) to support a bipartisan mechanism for--

        ‘(A) building a national consensus for education improvement;

        ‘(B) reporting on progress toward achieving America’s Education Goals; and

        ‘(C) encouraging the development and use of challenging academic content and student performance standards.

‘SEC. 13302. AMERICA’S NATIONAL EDUCATION GOALS.

    ‘Congress declares that America’s Education Goals are the following:

      ‘(1) SCHOOL READINESS- (A) All children in America will start school ready to learn.

      ‘(B) The objectives for this goal are that--

        ‘(i) all children will have access to high-quality and developmentally appropriate preschool programs that help prepare children for school;

        ‘(ii) every parent in the United States will be a child’s first teacher and devote time each day to helping such parent’s preschool child learn, and parents will have access to the training and support parents need; and

        ‘(iii) children will receive the nutrition, physical activity experiences, and health care needed to arrive at school with healthy minds and bodies, and to maintain the mental alertness necessary to be prepared to learn, and the number of low-birthweight babies will be significantly reduced through enhanced prenatal health systems.

      ‘(2) SCHOOL COMPLETION- (A) The high school graduation rate will increase to at least 90 percent.

      ‘(B) The objectives for this goal are that--

        ‘(i) the Nation must dramatically reduce its school dropout rate, and 75 percent of the students who do drop out will successfully complete a high school degree or its equivalent; and

        ‘(ii) the gap in high school graduation rates between American students from minority backgrounds and their non-minority counterparts will be eliminated.

      ‘(3) STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT AND CITIZENSHIP- (A) All students will leave grades 4, 8, and 12 having demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter including English, mathematics, science, foreign languages, civics and government, economics, arts, history, and geography, and every school in America will ensure that all students learn to use their minds well, so they may be prepared for responsible citizenship, further learning, and productive employment in our Nation’s modern economy.

      ‘(B) The objectives for this goal are that--

        ‘(i) the academic performance of all students at the elementary and secondary level will increase significantly in every quartile, and the distribution of minority students in each quartile will more closely reflect the student population as a whole;

        ‘(ii) the percentage of all students who demonstrate the ability to reason, solve problems, apply knowledge, and write and communicate effectively will increase substantially;

        ‘(iii) all students will be involved in activities that promote and demonstrate good citizenship, good health, community service, and personal responsibility;

        ‘(iv) all students will have access to physical education and health education to ensure they are healthy and fit;

        ‘(v) the percentage of all students who are competent in more than one language will substantially increase; and

        ‘(vi) all students will be knowledgeable about the diverse cultural heritage of this Nation and about the world community.

      ‘(4) TEACHER EDUCATION AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT- (A) The Nation’s teaching force will have access to programs for the continued improvement of their professional skills and the opportunity to acquire the knowledge and skills needed to instruct and prepare all American students for the next century.

      ‘(B) The objectives for this goal are that--

        ‘(i) all teachers will have access to preservice teacher education and continuing professional development activities that will provide such teachers with the knowledge and skills needed to teach to an increasingly diverse student population with a variety of educational, social, and health needs;

        ‘(ii) all teachers will have continuing opportunities to acquire additional knowledge and skills needed to teach challenging subject matter and to use emerging new methods, forms of assessment, and technologies;

        ‘(iii) States and school districts will create integrated strategies to attract, recruit, prepare, retrain, and support the continued professional development of teachers, administrators, and other educators, so that there is a highly talented work force of professional educators to teach challenging subject matter; and

        ‘(iv) partnerships will be established, whenever possible, among local educational agencies, institutions of higher education, parents, and local labor, business, and professional associations to provide and support programs for the professional development of educators.

      ‘(5) MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE- (A) United States students will be first in the world in mathematics and science achievement.

      ‘(B) The objectives for this goal are that--

        ‘(i) mathematics and science education, including the metric system of measurement, will be strengthened throughout the system, especially in the early grades;

        ‘(ii) the number of teachers with a substantive background in mathematics and science, including the metric system of measurement, will increase by 50 percent; and

        ‘(iii) the number of United States undergraduate and graduate students, especially women and minorities, who complete degrees in mathematics, science, and engineering will increase significantly.

      ‘(6) ADULT LITERACY AND LIFELONG LEARNING- (A) Every adult American will be literate and will possess the knowledge and skills necessary to compete in a global economy and exercise the rights and responsibilities of citizenship.

      ‘(B) The objectives for this goal are that--

        ‘(i) every major American business will be involved in strengthening the connection between education and work;

        ‘(ii) all workers will have the opportunity to acquire the knowledge and skills, from basic to highly technical, needed to adapt to emerging new technologies, work methods, and markets through public and private educational, vocational, technical, workplace, or other programs;

        ‘(iii) the number of quality programs, including those at libraries, that are designed to serve more effectively the needs of the growing number of part-time and midcareer students will increase substantially;

        ‘(iv) the proportion of the qualified students, especially minorities, who enter college, who complete at least two years, and who complete their degree programs will increase substantially;

        ‘(v) the proportion of college graduates who demonstrate an advanced ability to think critically, communicate effectively, and solve problems will increase substantially; and

        ‘(vi) schools, in implementing comprehensive parent involvement programs, will offer more adult literacy, parent training and life-long learning opportunities to improve the ties between home and school, and enhance parents’ work and home lives.

      ‘(7) SAFE, DISCIPLINED, AND ALCOHOL- AND DRUG-FREE SCHOOLS- (A) Every school in the United States will be free of drugs, violence, and the unauthorized presence of firearms and alcohol and will offer a disciplined environment conducive to learning.

      ‘(B) The objectives for this goal are that--

        ‘(i) every school will implement a firm and fair policy on use, possession, and distribution of drugs and alcohol;

        ‘(ii) parents, businesses, governmental and community organizations will work together to ensure the rights of students to study in a safe and secure environment that is free of drugs and crime, and that schools provide a healthy environment and are a safe haven for all children;

        ‘(iii) every local educational agency will develop and implement a policy to ensure that all schools are free of violence and the unauthorized presence of weapons;

        ‘(iv) every local educational agency will develop a sequential, comprehensive kindergarten through twelfth grade drug and alcohol prevention education program;

        ‘(v) drug and alcohol curriculum should be taught as an integral part of sequential, comprehensive health education;

        ‘(vi) community-based teams should be organized to provide students and teachers with needed support; and

        ‘(vii) every school should work to eliminate sexual harassment.

      ‘(8) PARENTAL PARTICIPATION- (A) Every school will promote partnerships that will increase parental involvement and participation in promoting the social, emotional, and academic growth of children.

      ‘(B) The objectives for this goal are that--

        ‘(i) every State will develop policies to assist local schools and local educational agencies to establish programs for increasing partnerships that respond to the varying needs of parents and the home, including parents of children who are disadvantaged or bilingual, or parents of children with disabilities;

        ‘(ii) every school will actively engage parents and families in a partnership which supports the academic work of children at home and shared educational decisionmaking at school; and

        ‘(iii) parents and families will help to ensure that schools are adequately supported and will hold schools and teachers to high standards of accountability.

‘SEC. 13303. AMERICA’S EDUCATION GOALS PANEL.

    ‘(a) ESTABLISHMENT- There is established in the executive branch an ‘America’s Education Goals Panel’ (hereafter in this title referred to as the ‘Goals Panel’) to advise the President, the Secretary of Education (hereafter in this title referred to as the ‘Secretary’), and Congress.

    ‘(b) COMPOSITION- The Goals Panel shall be composed of 18 members (hereafter in this title referred to as ‘members’), including--

      ‘(1) 2 members appointed by the President;

      ‘(2) 8 members who are Governors, 3 of whom shall be from the same political party as the President and 5 of whom shall be from the opposite political party of the President, appointed by the Chairperson and Vice Chairperson of the National Governors’ Association, with the Chairperson and Vice Chairperson each appointing representatives of such Chairperson’s or Vice Chairperson’s respective political party, in consultation with each other;

      ‘(3) 4 Members of Congress, of whom--

        ‘(A) 1 member shall be appointed by the Majority Leader of the Senate from among the Members of the Senate;

        ‘(B) 1 member shall be appointed by the Minority Leader of the Senate from among the Members of the Senate;

        ‘(C) 1 member shall be appointed by the Majority Leader of the House of Representatives from among the Members of the House of Representatives; and

        ‘(D) 1 member shall be appointed by the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives from among the Members of the House of Representatives; and

      ‘(4) 4 members of State legislatures appointed by the President of the National Conference of State Legislatures, of whom 2 shall be of the same political party as the President of the United States.

    ‘(c) SPECIAL APPOINTMENT RULES-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The members appointed pursuant to subsection (b)(2) shall be appointed as follows:

        ‘(A) If the Chairperson of the National Governors’ Association is from the same political party as the President, the Chairperson shall appoint 3 individuals and the Vice Chairperson of such association shall appoint 5 individuals.

        ‘(B) If the Chairperson of the National Governors’ Association is from the opposite political party as the President, the Chairperson shall appoint 5 individuals and the Vice Chairperson of such association shall appoint 3 individuals.

      ‘(2) REPRESENTATION- To the extent feasible, the membership of the Goals Panel shall be geographically representative and reflect the racial, ethnic, and gender diversity of the United States.

    ‘(d) TERMS- The terms of service of members shall be as follows:

      ‘(1) PRESIDENTIAL APPOINTEES- Members appointed under subsection (b)(1) shall serve at the pleasure of the President.

      ‘(2) GOVERNORS- Members appointed under subsection (b)(2) shall serve for 2-year terms.

      ‘(3) CONGRESSIONAL APPOINTEES AND STATE LEGISLATORS- Members appointed under paragraphs (3) and (4) of subsection (b) shall serve for 2-year terms.

    ‘(e) VACANCIES- A vacancy on the Goals Panel shall not affect the powers of the Goals Panel, but shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment.

    ‘(f) TRAVEL- Each member may be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, as authorized by section 5703 of title 5, United States Code, for each day the member is engaged in the performance of duties for the Goals Panel away from the home or regular place of business of the member.

    ‘(g) CHAIRPERSON-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The members shall select a Chairperson from among the members.

      ‘(2) TERM AND POLITICAL AFFILIATION- The Chairperson of the Goals Panel shall serve a 1-year term and shall alternate between political parties.

    ‘(h) EX OFFICIO MEMBER- If the President has not appointed the Secretary as 1 of the 2 members the President appoints pursuant to subsection (b)(1), then the Secretary shall serve as a nonvoting ex officio member of the Goals Panel.

‘SEC. 13304. DUTIES.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- The Goals Panel shall--

      (1) report to the President, the Secretary, and Congress regarding the progress the Nation and the States are making toward achieving America’s Education Goals established under section 13302, including issuing an annual report;

      ‘(2) encourage the development and use of challenging academic content standards and student performance standards;

      ‘(3) report on promising or effective actions being taken at the national, State, and local levels, and in the public and private sectors, to achieve America’s Education Goals; and

      ‘(4) help build a nationwide, bipartisan consensus for the reforms necessary to achieve America’s Education Goals.

    ‘(b) REPORT-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Goals Panel shall annually prepare and submit to the President, the Secretary, the appropriate committees of Congress, and the Governor of each State a report that shall--

        ‘(A) report on the progress of the United States toward achieving America’s Education Goals; and

        ‘(B) identify actions that should be taken by Federal, State, and local governments to enhance progress toward achieving America’s Education Goals and to provide all students with a fair opportunity-to-learn.

      ‘(2) FORM; DATA- Reports shall be presented in a form, and include data, that are understandable to parents and the general public.

‘SEC. 13305. POWERS OF THE GOALS PANEL.

    ‘(a) HEARINGS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Goals Panel shall, for the purpose of carrying out this title, conduct such hearings, sit and act at such times and places, take such testimony, and receive such evidence, as the Goals Panel considers appropriate.

      ‘(2) REPRESENTATION- In carrying out this title, the Goals Panel shall conduct hearings to receive reports, views, and analyses of a broad spectrum of experts and the public on the establishment and use of challenging academic content standards, student performance standards, and State assessments.

    ‘(b) INFORMATION- The Goals Panel may secure directly from any department or agency of the United States information necessary to enable the Goals Panel to carry out this title. Upon request of the Chairperson of the Goals Panel, the head of a department or agency shall furnish such information to the Goals Panel to the extent permitted by law.

    ‘(c) POSTAL SERVICES- The Goals Panel may use the United States mail in the same manner and under the same conditions as other departments and agencies of the United States.

    ‘(d) USE OF FACILITIES- The Goals Panel may, with consent of any agency or instrumentality of the United States, or of any State or political subdivision thereof, use the research, equipment, services, and facilities of such agency, instrumentality, State, or subdivision, respectively.

    ‘(e) ADMINISTRATIVE ARRANGEMENTS AND SUPPORT-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall provide to the Goals Panel, on a reimbursable basis, such administrative support services as the Goals Panel may request.

      ‘(2) CONTRACTS AND OTHER ARRANGEMENTS- The Secretary, to the extent appropriate, and on a reimbursable basis, shall make contracts and other arrangements that are requested by the Goals Panel to help the Goals Panel compile and analyze data or carry out other functions necessary to the performance of such responsibilities.

    ‘(f) GIFTS- The Goals Panel may accept, administer, and utilize gifts or donations of services, money, or property, whether real or personal, tangible or intangible.

‘SEC. 13306. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS.

    ‘(a) MEETINGS- The Goals Panel shall meet on a regular basis, as necessary, at the call of the Chairperson of the Goals Panel or a majority of its members.

    ‘(b) QUORUM- A majority of the members shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.

    ‘(c) VOTING AND FINAL DECISION-

      ‘(1) VOTING- No individual may vote, or exercise any of the powers of a member, by proxy.

      ‘(2) FINAL DECISIONS- (A) In making final decisions of the Goals Panel with respect to the exercise of its duties and powers the Goals Panel shall operate on the principle of consensus among the members of the Goals Panel.

      ‘(B) Except as otherwise provided in this title, if a vote of the membership of the Goals Panel is required to reach a final decision with respect to the exercise of its duties and powers, then such final decision shall be made by a three-fourths vote of the members of the Goals Panel who are present and voting.

    ‘(d) PUBLIC ACCESS- The Goals Panel shall ensure public access to its proceedings (other than proceedings, or portions of proceedings, relating to internal personnel and management matters) and make available to the public, at reasonable cost, transcripts of such proceedings.

‘SEC. 13307. DIRECTOR AND STAFF; EXPERTS AND CONSULTANTS.

    ‘(a) DIRECTOR- The Chairperson of the Goals Panel, without regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, relating to the appointment and compensation of officers or employees of the United States, shall appoint a Director of the Goals Panel to be paid at a rate not to exceed the rate of basic pay payable for level V of the Executive Schedule.

    ‘(b) APPOINTMENT AND PAY OF EMPLOYEES-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- (A) The Director may appoint not more than 4 additional employees to serve as staff to the Goals Panel without regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive service.

      ‘(B) The employees appointed under subparagraph (A) may be paid without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of that title relating to classification and General Schedule pay rates, but shall not be paid a rate that exceeds the maximum rate of basic pay payable for GS-15 of the General Schedule.

      ‘(2) ADDITIONAL EMPLOYEES- The Director may appoint additional employees to serve as staff to the Goals Panel in accordance with title 5, United States Code.

    ‘(c) EXPERTS AND CONSULTANTS- The Goals Panel may procure temporary and intermittent services of experts and consultants under section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code.

    ‘(d) STAFF OF FEDERAL AGENCIES- Upon the request of the Goals Panel, the head of any department or agency of the United States may detail any of the personnel of such agency to the Goals Panel to assist the Goals Panel in its duties under this title.’.

SEC. 17. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

    Title XIV of the Act is amended to read as follows:

‘TITLE XIV--GENERAL PROVISIONS

‘PART A--DEFINITIONS

‘SEC. 14101. DEFINITIONS.

    Except as otherwise provided, for the purposes of this Act, the following terms have the following meanings:

      ‘(1) AVERAGE DAILY ATTENDANCE-

        ‘(A) Except as provided otherwise by State law or this paragraph, the term ‘average daily attendance’ means--

          ‘(i) the aggregate number of days of attendance of all students during a school year; divided by

          ‘(ii) the number of days school is in session during such school year.

        ‘(B) The Secretary shall permit the conversion of average daily membership (or other similar data) to average daily attendance for local educational agencies in States that provide State aid to local educational agencies on the basis of average daily membership or such other data.

        ‘(C) If the local educational agency in which a child resides makes a tuition or other payment for the free public education of the child in a school located in another school district, the Secretary shall, for purposes of this Act--

          ‘(i) consider the child to be in attendance at a school of the agency making such payment; and

          ‘(ii) not consider the child to be in attendance at a school of the agency receiving such payment.

        ‘(D) If a local educational agency makes a tuition payment to a private school or to a public school of another local educational agency for a child with disabilities, as defined in section 602(a)(1) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, the Secretary shall, for the purposes of this Act, consider such child to be in attendance at a school of the agency making such payment.

      ‘(2) AVERAGE PER-PUPIL EXPENDITURE- The term ‘average per-pupil expenditure’ means, in the case of a State or of the United States--

        ‘(A) without regard to the source of funds--

          ‘(i) the aggregate current expenditures, during the third fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which the determination is made (or, if satisfactory data for that year are not available, during the most recent preceding fiscal year for which satisfactory data are available) of all local educational agencies in the State or, in the case of the United States for all States (which, for the purpose of this paragraph, means the 50 States and the District of Columbia); plus

          ‘(ii) any direct current expenditures by the State for the operation of such agencies; divided by

        ‘(B) the aggregate number of children in average daily attendance to whom such agencies provided free public education during such preceding year.

      ‘(3) CHILD- The term ‘child’ means any person within the age limits for which the State provides free public education.

      ‘(4) COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATION- The term ‘community-based organization’ means a public or private nonprofit organization of demonstrated effectiveness that--

        ‘(A) is representative of a community or significant segments of a community; and

        ‘(B) provides educational or related services to individuals in the community.

      ‘(5) CONSOLIDATED LOCAL APPLICATION- The term ‘consolidated local application’ means an application submitted by a local educational agency pursuant to section 14304.

      ‘(6) CONSOLIDATED LOCAL PLAN- The term ‘consolidated local plan’ means a plan submitted by a local educational agency pursuant to section 14304.

      ‘(7) CONSOLIDATED STATE APPLICATION- The term ‘consolidated State application’ means an application submitted by a State educational agency pursuant to section 14302.

      ‘(8) CONSOLIDATED STATE PLAN- The term ‘consolidated State plan’ means a plan submitted by a State educational agency pursuant to section 14302.

      ‘(9) COUNTY- The term ‘county’ means one of the divisions of a State used by the Secretary of Commerce in compiling and reporting data regarding counties.

      ‘(10) COVERED PROGRAM- The term ‘covered program’ means each of the programs authorized by--

        ‘(A) part A of title I;

        ‘(B) part C of title I;

        ‘(C) title II (other than section 2103 and part D);

        ‘(D) subpart 2 of part B of title III;

        ‘(E) part A of title IV (other than section 4114);

        ‘(F) title VI; and

        ‘(G) Comprehensive School Reform.

      ‘(11) CURRENT EXPENDITURES- The term ‘current expenditures’ means expenditures for free public education--

        ‘(A) including expenditures for administration, instruction, attendance and health services, pupil transportation services, operation and maintenance of plant, fixed charges, and net expenditures to cover deficits for food services and student body activities; but

        ‘(B) not including expenditures for community services, capital outlay, and debt service, or any expenditures made from funds received under title I and title VI.

      ‘(12) DEPARTMENT- The term ‘Department’ means the Department of Education.

      ‘(13) EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AGENCY- The term ‘educational service agency’ means a regional public multiservice agency authorized by State statute to develop, manage, and provide services or programs to local educational agencies.

      ‘(14) ELEMENTARY SCHOOL- The term ‘elementary school’ means a nonprofit institutional day or residential school, including a public elementary charter school, that provides elementary education, as determined under State law.

      ‘(15) FREE PUBLIC EDUCATION- The term ‘free public education’ means education that is provided--

        ‘(A) at public expense, under public supervision and direction, and without tuition charge; and

        ‘(B) as elementary or secondary school education as determined under applicable State law, except that such term does not include any education provided beyond grade 12.

      ‘(16) FULLY QUALIFIED- The term ‘fully qualified’--

        ‘(A) when used with respect to an elementary or secondary school teacher, means that the teacher has obtained certification or passed the State licensing exam and holds a license; and

        ‘(B) when used with respect to--

          ‘(i) an elementary school teacher, means that the teacher holds a bachelor’s degree and demonstrates general knowledge, teaching skill, and subject matter knowledge required to teach at the elementary school level in the core academic subjects; or

          ‘(ii) a middle or secondary school teacher, means that the teacher holds a bachelor’s degree and demonstrates a high level of competency in all subject areas in which he or she teaches through--

            ‘(I) a high level of performance on a rigorous academic subject area test; or

            ‘(II) completion of an academic major in each of the subject areas in which he or she provides instruction.

      ‘(17) GIFTED AND TALENTED- The term ‘gifted and talented’, when used with respect to students, children or youth, means students, children or youth who give evidence of high performance capability in areas such as intellectual, creative, artistic, or leadership capacity, or in specific academic fields, and who require services or activities not ordinarily provided by the school in order to fully develop such capabilities.

      ‘(18) INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION- The term ‘institution of higher education’ has the meaning given that term in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965.

      ‘(19) LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY-

        ‘(A) The term ‘local educational agency’ means a public board of education or other public authority legally constituted within a State for either administrative control or direction of, or to perform a service function for, public elementary or secondary schools in a city, county, township, school district, or other political subdivision of a State, or for such combination of local educational agencies or counties as are recognized in a State as an administrative agency for its public elementary or secondary schools.

        ‘(B) The term includes any other public institution or agency having administrative control and direction of a public elementary or secondary school.

        ‘(C) The term includes an elementary or secondary school funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs but only to the extent that such inclusion makes such school eligible for programs for which specific eligibility is not provided to such school in another provision of law and such school does not have a student population that is smaller than the student population of the local educational agency receiving assistance under this Act with the smallest student population, except that such school shall not be subject to the jurisdiction of any State educational agency other than the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

      ‘(20) MENTORING- The term ‘mentoring’ means a program in which an adult works with a child or youth on a 1-to-1 basis, establishing a supportive relationship, providing academic assistance, and introducing the child or youth to new experiences that enhance the child or youths ability to excel in school and become a responsible citizen.

      ‘(21) OTHER STAFF- The term ‘other staff’ means pupil services personnel, librarians, career guidance and counseling personnel, education aides, and other instructional and administrative personnel.

      ‘(22) OUTLYING AREA- The term ‘outlying area’ means the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and for the purpose of section 1121 and any other discretionary grant program under this Act, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, and the Republic of Palau.

      ‘(23) PARENT- The term ‘parent’ includes a legal guardian or other person standing in loco parentis.

      ‘(24) PUBLIC TELECOMMUNICATION ENTITY- The term ‘public telecommunication entity’ has the same meaning given to such term in section 397(12) of the Communications Act of 1934.

      ‘(25) PUPIL SERVICES PERSONNEL; PUPIL SERVICES-

        ‘(A) The term ‘pupil services personnel’ means school counselors, school social workers, school psychologists, and other qualified professional personnel involved in providing assessment, diagnosis, counseling, educational, therapeutic, and other necessary services (including related services as such term is defined in section 602(a)(17) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) as part of a comprehensive program to meet student needs.

        ‘(B) The term ‘pupil services’ means the services provided by pupil services personnel.

      ‘(26) SECONDARY SCHOOL- The term ‘secondary school’ means a nonprofit institutional day or residential school, including a public secondary charter school, that provides secondary education, as determined under State law, except that such term does not include any education beyond grade 12.

      ‘(27) SECRETARY- The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of Education.

      ‘(28) STATE- The term ‘State’ means each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and each of the outlying areas.

      ‘(29) STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY- The term ‘State educational agency’ means the agency primarily responsible for the State supervision of public elementary and secondary schools.

      ‘(30) TECHNOLOGY- The term ‘technology’ means the latest state-of-the-art technology products and services, such as closed circuit television systems, educational television or radio programs and services, cable television, satellite, copper fiber optic transmission, computer hardware and software, video and audio laser and CDROM disks, video and audio tapes, including interactive forms of such products and services, or other technologies.

‘SEC. 14102. APPLICABILITY OF THIS TITLE.

    Parts B, C, D, E, and F of this title do not apply to title VIII of this Act.

‘SEC. 14103. APPLICABILITY TO BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS OPERATED SCHOOLS.

    For purposes of any competitive program under this Act, a consortia of schools operated by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, a school operated under a contract or grant with the Bureau of Indian Affairs in consortia with another contract or grant school or tribal or community organization, or a Bureau of Indian Affairs school in consortia with an institution of higher education, a contract or grant school and tribal or community organization shall be given the same consideration as a local educational agency.

‘PART B--FLEXIBILITY IN THE USE OF ADMINISTRATIVE AND OTHER FUNDS

‘SEC. 14201. CONSOLIDATION OF STATE ADMINISTRATIVE FUNDS FOR ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION PROGRAMS.

    ‘(a) CONSOLIDATION OF ADMINISTRATIVE FUNDS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- A State educational agency may consolidate the amounts specifically made available to such agency for State administration under one or more of the programs specified under paragraph (2) if such State educational agency can demonstrate that the majority of such agency’s resources come from non-Federal sources.

      ‘(2) APPLICABILITY- This section applies to--

        ‘(A) programs under title I and those programs described in subparagraphs (C), (D), (E), (F), and (G) of section 14101(10);

        ‘(B) the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical Education Act of 1998; and

        ‘(C) such other programs as the Secretary may designate..

    ‘(b) USE OF FUNDS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- A State educational agency shall use the amount available under this section for the administration of the programs included in the consolidation under subsection (a).

      ‘(2) ADDITIONAL USES- A State educational agency may also use the funds available under this section for administrative activities designed to enhance the effective and coordinated use of funds under the programs included in the consolidation under subsection (a), such as--

        ‘(A) State-level activities designed to carry out this title, including part B;

        ‘(B) the coordination of those programs with other Federal and non-Federal programs;

        ‘(C) the establishment and operation of peer-review mechanisms under this Act;

        ‘(D) collaborative activities with other State educational agencies to improve administration under this Act;

        ‘(E) the dissemination of information regarding model programs and practices;

        ‘(F) technical assistance under the programs specified in subsection (a)(2);

        ‘(G) training personnel engaged in audit and other monitoring activities; and

        ‘(H) implementation of the Cooperative Audit Resolution and Oversight Initiative.

    ‘(c) RECORDS- A State educational agency that consolidates administrative funds under this section shall not be required to keep separate records, by individual program, to account for costs relating to the administration of programs included in the consolidation under subsection (a).

    ‘(d) REVIEW- To determine the effectiveness of State administration under this section, the Secretary may periodically review the performance of State educational agencies in using consolidated administrative funds under this section and take such steps as the Secretary finds appropriate to ensure the effectiveness of such administration.

    ‘(e) UNUSED ADMINISTRATIVE FUNDS- If a State educational agency does not use all of the funds available to such agency under this section for administration, such agency may use such funds during the applicable period of availability as funds available under one or more programs included in the consolidation under subsection (a).

‘SEC. 14202. SINGLE LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY STATES.

    A State educational agency that also serves as a local educational agency, in such agency’s applications or plans under this Act, shall describe how such agency will eliminate duplication in the conduct of administrative functions.

‘SEC. 14203. CONSOLIDATION OF FUNDS FOR LOCAL ADMINISTRATION.

    ‘(a) GENERAL AUTHORITY- In accordance with regulations of the Secretary, a local educational agency, with the approval of its State educational agency, may consolidate and use for the administration of one or more covered programs for any fiscal year not more than the percentage, established in each covered program, of the total amount available to the local educational agency under such covered programs.

    ‘(b) STATE PROCEDURES- Each State educational agency shall, in collaboration with local educational agencies in the State, implement procedures for responding to requests from local educational agencies to consolidate administrative funds under subsection (a) and for establishing limitations on the amount of funds under covered programs that may be used for administration on a consolidated basis.

    ‘(c) CONDITIONS- A local educational agency that consolidates administrative funds under this section for any fiscal year shall not use any other funds under the programs included in the consolidation for administration for that fiscal year.

    ‘(d) USES OF ADMINISTRATIVE FUNDS- A local educational agency that consolidates administrative funds under this section may use such consolidated funds for the administration of covered programs and for the uses described in section 14201(b)(2).

    ‘(e) RECORDS- A local educational agency that consolidates administrative funds under this section shall not be required to keep separate records, by individual covered program, to account for costs relating to the administration of covered programs included in the consolidation.

‘SEC. 14204. CONSOLIDATED SET-ASIDE FOR DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FUNDS.

    ‘(a) GENERAL AUTHORITY-

      ‘(1) TRANSFER- The Secretary shall transfer to the Department of the Interior, as a consolidated amount for covered programs, the Indian education programs under part A of title IX of this Act, and the education for homeless children and youth program under subtitle B of title VII of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act, the amounts allotted to the Department of the Interior under those programs.

      ‘(2) AGREEMENT-

        ‘(A) The Secretary and the Secretary of the Interior shall enter into an agreement, consistent with the requirements of the programs specified in paragraph (1), for the distribution and use of those program funds under terms that the Secretary determines best meet the purposes of those programs.

        ‘(B) The agreement shall--

          ‘(i) set forth the plans of the Secretary of the Interior for the use of the amount transferred, the steps to be taken to achieve America’s Education Goals, and performance measures to assess program effectiveness, including measurable goals and objectives; and

          ‘(ii) be developed in consultation with Indian tribes.

    ‘(b) ADMINISTRATION- The Department of the Interior may use not more than 1.5 percent of the funds consolidated under this section for such departments costs related to the administration of the funds transferred under this section.

‘SEC. 14205. MOST EFFECTIVE USE OF UNNEEDED PROGRAM FUNDS.

    ‘(a) MOST EFFECTIVE USE- With the approval of its State educational agency, a local educational agency that determines for any fiscal year that funds under a covered program (other than title I) would be more effective in helping all its students achieve the State’s challenging standards if used under another covered program, may use those funds, not to exceed 5 percent of the local educational agency’s total allotment for that fiscal year, to carry out programs and activities under that other covered program.

    ‘(b) COORDINATION OF SERVICES- A local educational agency, individual school, or consortium of schools may use a total of not more than 5 percent of the funds such agency, school, or consortium, respectively, receives under this Act for the establishment and implementation of a coordinated services project in accordance with the requirements of title XI of this Act.

‘PART C--COORDINATION OF PROGRAMS; CONSOLIDATED STATE AND LOCAL PLANS AND APPLICATIONS

‘SEC. 14301. PURPOSE.

    It is the purpose of this part to improve teaching and learning by encouraging greater cross-program coordination, planning, and service delivery under this Act and enhanced integration of programs under this Act with educational activities carried out with State and local funds.

‘SEC. 14302. OPTIONAL CONSOLIDATED STATE PLANS AND APPLICATIONS.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL-

      ‘(1) PURPOSE AND AUTHORITY- In order to promote continuing, standards-based education reform, encourage the integration and coordination of resources, and simplify application requirements and reduce burden for State educational agencies under this Act, the Secretary, in accordance with subsection (b), shall establish procedures and criteria under which a State educational agency may submit a consolidated State plan meeting the requirements of this section for any or all of--

        ‘(A) the covered programs in which the State participates; and

        ‘(B) the additional programs described in paragraph (2).

      ‘(2) ADDITIONAL PROGRAMS- A State educational agency may also include in its consolidated State plan--

        ‘(A) the Even Start program under part B of title I;

        ‘(B) the State Agency Programs for Children and Youth Who Are Neglected or Delinquent under part D of title I;

        ‘(C) programs under part A of title II of the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical Education Act of 1998; and

        ‘(D) such other programs as the Secretary may designate.

      ‘(3) STATE DEVELOPMENT AND SUBMISSION-

        ‘(A) A State educational agency desiring to receive a grant under 2 or more of the programs to which this section applies may submit a consolidated State plan for those programs that satisfies the procedures and criteria established under this section.

        ‘(B) A State educational agency that submits a consolidated State plan shall not be required to submit separate State plans or applications for the programs included in the consolidated State plan.

        ‘(C) A State educational agency that submits a consolidated State plan shall comply with all the requirements applicable to the programs in the consolidated State plan as if it had submitted separate State plans.

      ‘(4) CONSOLIDATED STATE PLANS- A State educational agency that desires to receive funds under a program to which this section applies for fiscal year 2001 and the succeeding four fiscal years shall submit to the Secretary a new consolidated plan that meets the requirements of this section within the time specified by the Secretary.

    ‘(b) PLAN CONTENTS-

      ‘(1) COLLABORATIVE PROCESS-

        ‘(A) In establishing criteria and procedures under this section, the Secretary shall collaborate with State educational agencies and, as appropriate, with other State agencies, local educational agencies, public and private nonprofit agencies, organizations, and institutions, private schools, and representatives of parents, students, and teachers.

        ‘(B)(i) Through the collaborative process described in subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall establish, for each program under the Act to which this section applies, the descriptions and information that must be included in a consolidated State plan.

        ‘(ii) In carrying out clause (i), the Secretary shall ensure that a consolidated State plan contains, for each program included in the plan, the descriptions and information needed to ensure proper and effective administration of that program in accordance with its purposes.

      ‘(2) INTEGRATION AND COORDINATION OF RESOURCES- In its consolidated plan under this section, a State educational agency shall describe how--

        ‘(A) funds under the programs included in the plan will be integrated as appropriate to best serve the students and teachers intended to benefit from those programs; and

        ‘(B) those programs will be coordinated at the State, school district, and school levels with other covered programs not included in the plan.

    ‘(c) PEER REVIEW AND SECRETARIAL APPROVAL-

      ‘(1) The Secretary shall--

        ‘(A) establish a peer-review process to assist in the review, and provide recommendations for the revision, of consolidated State plans under this section; and

        ‘(B) appoint individuals to the peer-review process who--

          ‘(i) are knowledgeable about the programs, and the populations they serve, included in the plans;

          ‘(ii) to the extent practicable are representative of State educational agencies, local educational agencies, teachers, and parents of students served under those programs; and

          ‘(iii) have expertise on educational standards, assessments, and accountability.

      ‘(2)(A) Following such peer review, the Secretary shall approve a consolidated State plan if the Secretary determines that the plan meets the requirements of this section.

      ‘(B) The Secretary may accompany such approval with one or more conditions that the State educational agency shall meet.

      ‘(3) If the Secretary determines that the plan does not meet the requirements of this section, the Secretary shall notify the State of that determination and the reasons for it.

      ‘(4) The Secretary shall not finally disapprove a consolidated State plan before--

        ‘(A) offering the State an opportunity to revise its plan;

        ‘(B) providing technical assistance to assist the State to meet the requirements; and

        ‘(C) providing a hearing.

    ‘(d) REVISION AND AMENDMENT- A State educational agency shall periodically review its consolidated State plan to ensure that it accurately reflects its strategies and activities under the programs covered by the plan. If the State educational agency makes significant changes to its strategies and activities, it shall submit an amendment to its plan to the Secretary for approval in accordance with this section.

‘SEC. 14303. GENERAL APPLICABILITY OF STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY ASSURANCES.

    ‘(a) ASSURANCES- A State educational agency that submits a consolidated State plan or consolidated State application under this Act, whether separately or under section 14302, shall have on file with the Secretary a single set of assurances, applicable to each program for which such plan or application is submitted, that provides that--

      ‘(1) each such program will be administered in accordance with all applicable statutes, regulations, program plans, and applications;

      ‘(2)(A) the control of funds provided under each such program and title to property acquired with program funds will be in a public agency, in a nonprofit private agency, institution, or organization, or in an Indian tribe if the law authorizing the program provides for assistance to such entities; and

      ‘(B) the public agency, nonprofit private agency, institution, or organization, or Indian tribe will administer such funds and property to the extent required by the authorizing law;

      ‘(3) the State will adopt and use proper methods of administering each such program, including--

        ‘(A) the enforcement of any obligations imposed by law on agencies, institutions, organizations, and other recipients responsible for carrying out each program;

        ‘(B) the correction of deficiencies in program operations that are identified through audits, monitoring, or evaluation; and

        ‘(C) the adoption of written procedures for the receipt and resolution of complaints alleging violations of law in the administration of such programs;

      ‘(4) the State will monitor performance by local educational agencies to ensure compliance with the requirements of this Act and--

        ‘(A) maintain proper documentation of monitoring activities;

        ‘(B) provide technical assistance when appropriate and undertake enforcement activities when needed; and

        ‘(C) systematically analyze the results of audits and other monitoring activities to identify trends in funding and to develop strategies to correct problems;

      ‘(5) the data used by the State to measure its performance (and that of its local educational agencies) under this Act are complete, reliable, accurate, or if not, that the State will take such steps as are necessary to make those data complete, reliable, and accurate.

      ‘(6) the State will cooperate in carrying out any evaluation of each such program conducted by or for the Secretary or other Federal officials;

      ‘(7) the State will use such fiscal control and fund accounting procedures as will ensure proper disbursement of, and accounting for, Federal funds paid to the State under each such program;

      ‘(8) the State will--

        ‘(A) make reports to the Secretary as may be necessary to enable the Secretary to perform the Secretary’s duties under each such program; and

        ‘(B) maintain such records, provide such information to the Secretary, and afford access to the records as the Secretary may find necessary to carry out the Secretary’s duties; and

      ‘(9) before the plan or application was submitted to the Secretary, the State has afforded a reasonable opportunity for public comment on the plan or application and has considered such comment.

    ‘(b) GEPA PROVISION- Section 441 of the General Education Provisions Act shall not apply to programs under this Act.

‘SEC. 14304. CONSOLIDATED LOCAL PLANS OR APPLICATIONS.

    ‘(a) GENERAL AUTHORITY- A local educational agency receiving funds under more than one covered program may submit plans or applications to the State educational agency under such programs on a consolidated basis.

    ‘(b) REQUIRED CONSOLIDATED PLANS OR APPLICATIONS- A State educational agency that has submitted and had approved a consolidated State plan or application under section 14302 may require local educational agencies in the State receiving funds under more than one program included in the consolidated State plan or consolidated State application to submit consolidated local plans or applications under such programs.

    ‘(c) COLLABORATION- A State educational agency shall collaborate with local educational agencies in the State in establishing procedures for the submission of the consolidated State plans or consolidated State applications under this section.

    ‘(d) NECESSARY MATERIALS- The State educational agency shall require only descriptions, information, assurances, and other material that are absolutely necessary for the consideration of the local educational agency plan or application.

‘SEC. 14306. OTHER GENERAL ASSURANCES.

    ‘(a) ASSURANCES- Any applicant other than a State educational agency that submits a plan or application under this Act shall have on file with the State educational agency a single set of assurances, applicable to each program for which a plan or application is submitted, that provides that--

      ‘(1) each such program will be administered in accordance with all applicable statutes, regulations, program plans, and applications;

      ‘(2)(A) the control of funds provided under each such program and title to property acquired with program funds will be in a public agency or in a nonprofit private agency, institution, organization, or Indian tribe, if the law authorizing the program provides for assistance to such entities; and

      ‘(B) the public agency, nonprofit private agency, institution, or organization, or Indian tribe will administer such funds and property to the extent required by the authorizing statutes;

      ‘(3) the applicant will adopt and use proper methods of administering each such program, including--

        ‘(A) the enforcement of any obligations imposed by law on agencies, institutions, organizations, and other recipients responsible for carrying out each program; and

        ‘(B) the correction of deficiencies in program operations that are identified through audits, monitoring, or evaluation;

      ‘(4) the applicant will cooperate in carrying out any evaluation of each such program conducted by or for the State educational agency, the Secretary or other Federal officials;

      ‘(5) the applicant will use such fiscal control and fund accounting procedures as will ensure proper disbursement of, and accounting for, Federal funds paid to such applicant under each such program;

      ‘(6) the applicant will--

        ‘(A) make reports to the State educational agency and the Secretary as may be necessary to enable such agency and the Secretary to perform their duties under each such program; and

        ‘(B) maintain such records, provide such information, and afford access to the records as the State educational agency or the Secretary may find necessary to carry out the State educational agency’s or the Secretary’s duties; and

      ‘(7) before the application was submitted, the applicant afforded a reasonable opportunity for public comment on the application and has considered such comment.

    ‘(b) GEPA PROVISION- Section 442 of the General Education Provisions Act does not apply to programs under this Act.

‘PART D--WAIVERS

‘SEC. 14401. WAIVERS OF STATUTORY AND REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in subsection (c), the Secretary may waive any statutory or regulatory requirement of this Act for a State educational agency, local educational agency, Indian tribe, or school through a local educational agency, that--

      ‘(1) receives funds under a program authorized by this Act; and

      ‘(2) requests a waiver under subsection (b).

    ‘(b) REQUEST FOR WAIVER-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- A State educational agency, local educational agency, or Indian tribe which desires a waiver shall submit a waiver request to the Secretary that--

        ‘(A) identifies the Federal programs affected by such requested waiver;

        ‘(B) describes which Federal requirements are to be waived and how the waiving of such requirements will--

          ‘(i) increase the quality of instruction for students; or

          ‘(ii) improve the academic performance of students;

        ‘(C) if applicable, describes which similar State and local requirements will be waived and how the waiving of such requirements will assist the local educational agencies, Indian tribes or schools, as appropriate, to achieve the objectives described in clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (B);

        ‘(D) describes specific, measurable educational improvement goals and expected outcomes for all affected students;

        ‘(E) describes the methods to be used to measure progress in meeting such goals and outcomes; and

        ‘(F) describes how schools will continue to provide assistance to the same populations served by programs for which waivers are requested.

      ‘(2) ADDITIONAL INFORMATION- Such requests--

        ‘(A) may provide for waivers of requirements applicable to State educational agencies, local educational agencies, Indian tribes, and schools; and

        ‘(B) shall be developed and submitted--

          ‘(i)(I) by local educational agencies (on behalf of such agencies and schools) to State educational agencies; and

          ‘(II) by State educational agencies (on behalf of, and based upon the requests of, local educational agencies) to the Secretary; or

          ‘(ii) by Indian tribes (on behalf of schools operated by such tribes) to the Secretary.

      ‘(3) GENERAL REQUIREMENTS-

        ‘(A) In the case of a waiver request submitted by a State educational agency acting in its own behalf, the State educational agency shall--

          ‘(i) provide all interested local educational agencies in the State with notice and a reasonable opportunity to comment on the request;

          ‘(ii) submit the comments to the Secretary; and

          ‘(iii) provide notice and information to the public regarding the waiver request in the manner that the applying agency customarily provides similar notices and information to the public.

        ‘(B) In the case of a waiver request submitted by a local educational agency that receives funds under this Act--

          ‘(i) such request shall be reviewed by the State educational agency and be accompanied by the comments, if any, of such State educational agency; and

          ‘(ii) notice and information regarding the waiver request shall be provided to the public by the agency requesting the waiver in the manner that such agency customarily provides similar notices and information to the public.

    ‘(c) RESTRICTIONS- The Secretary shall not waive under this section any statutory or regulatory requirements relating to--

      ‘(1) the allocation or distribution of funds to States, local educational agencies, or other recipients of funds under this Act;

      ‘(2) maintenance of effort;

      ‘(3) comparability of services;

      ‘(4) use of Federal funds to supplement, not supplant, non-Federal funds;

      ‘(5) equitable participation of private school students and teachers;

      ‘(6) parental participation and involvement;

      ‘(7) applicable civil rights requirements;

      ‘(8) the requirement for a charter school under part C of title X; or

      ‘(9) the prohibitions regarding--

        ‘(A) State aid in section 14502; or

        ‘(B) use of funds for religious worship or instruction in section 14507.

    ‘(d) DURATION AND EXTENSION OF WAIVER-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in paragraph (2), the duration of a waiver approved by the Secretary under this section may be for a period not to exceed 3 years.

      ‘(2) EXTENSION- The Secretary may extend the period described in paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines that--

        ‘(A) the waiver has been effective in enabling the State or affected recipients to carry out the activities for which the waiver was requested and the waiver has contributed to improved student performance; and

        ‘(B) such extension is in the public interest.

    ‘(e) REPORTS-

      ‘(1) LOCAL WAIVER- A local educational agency that receives a waiver under this section shall at the end of the second year for which a waiver is received under this section, and each subsequent year, submit a report to the State educational agency that--

        ‘(A) describes the uses of such waiver by such agency or by schools;

        ‘(B) describes how schools continued to provide assistance to the same populations served by the programs for which waivers are requested; and

        ‘(C) evaluates the progress of such agency and of schools in improving the quality of instruction or the academic performance of students.

      ‘(2) STATE WAIVER- A State educational agency that receives reports required under paragraph (1) shall annually submit a report to the Secretary that is based on such reports and contains such information as the Secretary may require.

      ‘(3) INDIAN TRIBE WAIVER- An Indian tribe that receives a waiver under this section shall annually submit a report to the Secretary that--

        ‘(A) describes the uses of such waiver by schools operated by such tribe; and

        ‘(B) evaluates the progress of such schools in improving the quality of instruction or the academic performance of students.

      ‘(4) REPORT TO CONGRESS- Beginning in fiscal year 1997 and each subsequent year, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions of the Senate an annual report--

        ‘(A) summarizing the uses of waivers by State educational agencies, local educational agencies, Indian tribes, and schools; and

        ‘(B) describing whether such waivers--

          ‘(i) increased the quality of instruction to students; or

          ‘(ii) improved the academic performance of students.

    ‘(f) TERMINATION OF WAIVERS- The Secretary shall terminate a waiver under this section if the Secretary determines that the performance of the State or other recipient affected by the waiver has been inadequate to justify a continuation of the waiver or if the waiver is no longer necessary to achieve its original purposes.

    ‘(g) PUBLICATION- A notice of the Secretary’s decision to grant each waiver under subsection (a) shall be published in the Federal Register and the Secretary shall provide for the dissemination of such notice to State educational agencies, interested parties, including educators, parents, students, advocacy and civil rights organizations, and the public.

‘PART E--UNIFORM PROVISIONS

‘SEC. 14501. MAINTENANCE OF EFFORT.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- A local educational agency may receive funds under a covered program for any fiscal year only if the State educational agency finds that either the combined fiscal effort per student or the aggregate expenditures of such agency and the State with respect to the provision of free public education by such agency for the preceding fiscal year was not less than 90 percent of such combined fiscal effort or aggregate expenditures for the second preceding fiscal year.

    ‘(b) REDUCTION IN CASE OF FAILURE TO MEET-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The State educational agency shall reduce the amount of the allocation of funds under a covered program in any fiscal year in the exact proportion to which a local educational agency fails to meet the requirement of subsection (a) by falling below 90 percent of both the combined fiscal effort per student and aggregate expenditures (using the measure most favorable to such local agency).

      ‘(2) SPECIAL RULE- No such lesser amount shall be used for computing the effort required under subsection (a) for subsequent years.

    ‘(c) WAIVER- The Secretary may waive the requirements of this section if the Secretary determines that such a waiver would be equitable due to--

      ‘(1) exceptional or uncontrollable circumstances such as a natural disaster; or

      ‘(2) a precipitous decline in the financial resources of the local educational agency.

‘SEC. 14502. PROHIBITION REGARDING STATE AID.

    ‘A State shall not take into consideration payments under this Act (other than under title VIII) in determining the eligibility of any local educational agency in such State for State aid, or the amount of State aid, with respect to free public education of children.

‘SEC. 14503. PARTICIPATION BY PRIVATE SCHOOL CHILDREN AND TEACHERS.

    ‘(a) PRIVATE SCHOOL PARTICIPATION-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Except as otherwise provided in this Act, to the extent consistent with the number of eligible children in a State educational agency, local educational agency, or educational service agency or consortium of such agencies receiving financial assistance under a program specified in subsection (b), who are enrolled in private elementary and secondary schools in such agency or consortium, such agency or consortium shall, after timely and meaningful consultation with appropriate private school officials, provide such children and their teachers or other educational personnel, on an equitable basis, special educational services or other benefits under such program.

      ‘(2) SECULAR, NEUTRAL, AND NONIDEOLOGICAL SERVICES OR BENEFITS- Educational services or other benefits, including materials and equipment, provided under this section, shall be secular, neutral, and nonideological.

      ‘(3) SPECIAL RULE- Educational services and other benefits provided under this section for such private school children, teachers, and other educational personnel shall be equitable in comparison to services and other benefits for public school children, teachers, and other educational personnel participating in such program.

      ‘(4) EXPENDITURES- Expenditures for educational services and other benefits provided under this section to eligible private school children, their teachers, and other educational personnel serving such children shall be equal, taking into account the number and educational needs of the children to be served, to the expenditures for participating public school children.

      ‘(5) PROVISION OF SERVICES- Such agency or consortium described in subsection (a)(1) may provide such services directly or through contracts with public and private agencies, organizations, and institutions.

    ‘(b) APPLICABILITY-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- This section applies to programs under--

        ‘(A) part C of title I (migrant education);

        ‘(B) title II (other than section 2103 and part D of such title);

        ‘(C) title VII;

        ‘(D) title III (other than part B of such title) (Star Schools); and

        ‘(E) part A of title IV (other than section 4114).

      ‘(2) DEFINITION- For the purposes of this section, the term eligible children means children eligible for services under a program described in paragraph (1).

    ‘(c) CONSULTATION-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- To ensure timely and meaningful consultation, a State educational agency, local educational agency, educational service agency or consortium of such agencies shall consult with appropriate private school officials during the design and development of the programs under this Act, on issues such as--

        ‘(A) how the childrens needs will be identified;

        ‘(B) what services will be offered;

        ‘(C) how and where the services will be provided; and

        ‘(D) how the services will be assessed.

      ‘(2) TIMING- Such consultation shall occur before the agency or consortium makes any decision that affects the opportunities of eligible private school children, teachers, and other educational personnel to participate in programs under this Act.

      ‘(3) DISCUSSION REQUIRED- Such consultation shall include a discussion of service delivery mechanisms that the agency or consortium could use to provide equitable services to eligible private school children, teachers, administrators, and other staff.

    ‘(d) PUBLIC CONTROL OF FUNDS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The control of funds used to provide services under this section, and title to materials, equipment, and property purchased with such funds, shall be in a public agency for the uses and purposes provided in this Act, and a public agency shall administer such funds and property.

      ‘(2) PROVISION OF SERVICES-

        ‘(A) The provision of services under this section shall be provided--

          ‘(i) by employees of a public agency; or

          ‘(ii) through contract by such public agency with an individual, association, agency, or organization.

        ‘(B) In the provision of such services, such employee, person, association, agency, or organization shall be independent of such private school and of any religious organization, and such employment or contract shall be under the control and supervision of such public agency.

        ‘(C) Funds used to provide services under this section shall not be commingled with non-Federal funds.

‘SEC. 14504. STANDARDS FOR BY-PASS.

    ‘If, by reason of any provision of law, a State educational agency, local educational agency, educational service agency or consortium of such agencies is prohibited from providing for the participation in programs of children enrolled in, or teachers or other educational personnel from, private elementary and secondary schools, on an equitable basis, or if the Secretary determines that such agency or consortium has substantially failed or is unwilling to provide for such participation, as required by section 14503, the Secretary shall--

      ‘(1) waive the requirements of that section for such agency or consortium; and

      ‘(2) arrange for the provision of equitable services to such children, teachers, or other educational personnel through arrangements that shall be subject to the requirements of this section and of sections 14503, 14505, and 14506.

‘SEC. 14505. COMPLAINT PROCESS FOR PARTICIPATION OF PRIVATE SCHOOL CHILDREN.

    ‘(a) PROCEDURES FOR COMPLAINTS- The Secretary shall develop and implement written procedures for receiving, investigating, and resolving complaints from parents, teachers, or other individuals and organizations concerning violations of section 14503 by a State educational agency, local educational agency, educational service agency, or consortium of such agencies. Such individual or organization shall submit such complaint to the State educational agency for a written resolution by the State educational agency within a reasonable period of time.

    ‘(b) APPEALS TO THE SECRETARY- Such resolution may be appealed by an interested party to the Secretary not later than 30 days after the State educational agency resolves the complaint or fails to resolve the complaint within a reasonable period of time. Such appeal shall be accompanied by a copy of the State educational agency’s resolution, and a complete statement of the reasons supporting the appeal. The Secretary shall investigate and resolve each such appeal not later than 120 days after receipt of the appeal.

SEC. 14506. BY-PASS DETERMINATION PROCESS.

    ‘(a) REVIEW-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL-

        ‘(A) The Secretary shall not take any final action under section 14504 until the State educational agency, local educational agency, educational service agency, or consortium of such agencies affected by such action has had an opportunity, for not less than 45 days after receiving written notice thereof, to submit written objections and to appear before the Secretary to show cause why that action should not be taken.

        ‘(B) Pending final resolution of any investigation or complaint that could result in a determination under this section, the Secretary may withhold from the allocation of the affected State or local educational agency the amount estimated by the Secretary to be necessary to pay the cost of those services.

      ‘(2) PETITION FOR REVIEW-

        ‘(A) If such affected agency or consortium is dissatisfied with the Secretary’s final action after a proceeding under paragraph (1), such agency or consortium may, within 60 days after notice of such action, file with the United States court of appeals for the circuit in which such State is located a petition for review of that action.

        ‘(B) A copy of the petition shall be forthwith transmitted by the clerk of the court to the Secretary.

        ‘(C) The Secretary upon receipt of the copy of the petition shall file in the court the record of the proceedings on which the Secretary based this action, as provided in section 2112 of title 28, United States Code.

      ‘(3) FINDINGS OF FACT-

        ‘(A) The findings of fact by the Secretary, if supported by substantial evidence, shall be conclusive, but the court, for good cause shown, may remand the case to the Secretary to take further evidence and the Secretary may then make new or modified findings of fact and may modify the Secretary’s previous action, and shall file in the court the record of the further proceedings.

        ‘(B) Such new or modified findings of fact shall likewise be conclusive if supported by substantial evidence.

      ‘(4) JURISDICTION-

        ‘(A) Upon the filing of such petition, the court shall have jurisdiction to affirm the action of the Secretary or to set such action aside, in whole or in part.

        ‘(B) The judgment of the court shall be subject to review by the Supreme Court of the United States upon certiorari or certification as provided in section 1254 of title 28, United States Code.

    ‘(b) DETERMINATION- Any determination by the Secretary under this section shall continue in effect until the Secretary determines, in consultation with such agency or consortium and representatives of the affected private school children, teachers, or other educational personnel that there will no longer be any failure or inability on the part of such agency or consortium to meet the applicable requirements of section 14503 or any other provision of this Act.

    ‘(c) PAYMENT FROM STATE ALLOTMENT- When the Secretary arranges for services pursuant to this section, the Secretary shall, after consultation with the appropriate public and private school officials, pay the cost of such services, including the administrative costs of arranging for those services, from the appropriate allocation or allocations under this Act.

    ‘(d) PRIOR DETERMINATION- Any by-pass determination by the Secretary under this Act as in effect on the day preceding the date of enactment of the Safe and Successful Schools Act shall remain in effect to the extent the Secretary determines that such determination is consistent with the purpose of this section.

‘SEC. 14507. PROHIBITION AGAINST FUNDS FOR RELIGIOUS WORSHIP OR INSTRUCTION AND VOUCHERIZED ASSISTANCE.

    ‘(a) Nothing contained in this Act shall be construed to authorize the making of any payment under this Act for religious worship or instruction.

    ‘(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, no services under this Act may be provided through voucher or certificate.

‘SEC. 14508. APPLICABILITY TO HOME SCHOOLS.

    Nothing in this Act shall be construed to affect home schools.

‘SEC. 14509. GENERAL PROVISION REGARDING NONRECIPIENT NONPUBLIC SCHOOLS.

    ‘Nothing in this Act shall be construed to permit, allow, encourage, or authorize any Federal control over any aspect of any private, religious, or home school, whether or not a home school is treated as a private school or home school under State law. This section shall not be construed to bar private, religious, or home schools from participation in programs or services under this Act.

‘SEC. 14510. SCHOOL PRAYER.

    ‘Any State or local educational agency that is adjudged by a Federal court of competent jurisdiction to have willfully violated a Federal court order mandating that such local educational agency remedy a violation of the constitutional right of any student with respect to prayer in public schools, in addition to any other judicial remedies, shall be ineligible to receive Federal funds under this Act until such time as the local educational agency complies with such order. Funds that are withheld under this section shall not be reimbursed for the period during which the local educational agency was in willful noncompliance.

‘SEC. 14511. GENERAL PROHIBITIONS.

    ‘(a) PROHIBITION- None of the funds authorized under this Act shall be used--

      ‘(1) to develop or distribute materials, or operate programs or courses of instruction directed at youth that are designed to promote or encourage, sexual activity;

      ‘(2) to distribute or to aid in the distribution by any organization of legally obscene materials to minors on school grounds;

      ‘(3) to purchase unsafe needles;

      ‘(4) to provide sex education or HIV prevention education in schools unless such instruction is age appropriate and includes the health benefits of abstinence; or

      ‘(5) to operate a program of condom distribution in schools.

    ‘(b) LOCAL CONTROL- Nothing in this section shall be construed to--

      ‘(1) authorize an officer or employee of the Federal Government to mandate, direct, review, or control a State, local educational agency, or school’s instructional content, curriculum, and related activities;

      ‘(2) limit the application of the General Education Provisions Act;

      ‘(3) require the distribution of scientifically or medically false or inaccurate materials or to prohibit the distribution of scientifically or medically true or accurate materials; or

      ‘(4) create any legally enforceable right.

‘SEC. 14512. PROHIBITION ON FEDERAL MANDATES, DIRECTION, AND CONTROL.

    ‘Nothing in this Act shall be construed to authorize an officer or employee of the Federal Government to mandate, direct, or control a State, local educational agency, or schools curriculum, program of instruction, or allocation of State or local resources, or mandate a State or any subdivision thereof to spend any funds or incur any costs not paid for under this Act.

‘SEC. 14513. REPORT.

    ‘The Secretary shall report to the Congress not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of the Safe and Successful Schools Act regarding how the Secretary shall ensure that audits conducted by Department employees of activities assisted under this Act comply with changes to this Act made by the Safe and Successful Schools Act, particularly with respect to permitting children with similar educational needs to be served in the same educational settings, where appropriate.

‘SEC. 14514. REQUIRED PARTICIPATION PROHIBITED.

    ‘Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no State shall be required to participate in any program under the Goals 2000: Educate America Act, or to have content standards or student performance standards approved or certified under such Act, in order to receive assistance under this Act.

‘SEC. 14515. TEACHER QUALITY.

    ‘All State educational agencies receiving funds under this Act shall have a plan in place to have all teachers in such State fully qualified, as defined under section 14101, by September 30, 2003. Such States shall report annually to the Secretary on their progress in implementing this plan.

‘SEC. 14516. PRIVACY FOR STUDENTS.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- No State educational agency or local educational agency that receives funds under this Act may enter into an agreement, or allow a school under its supervision to enter into an agreement, with any person or entity that allows such person or entity to monitor, gather, or obtain information used to advertise, sell, or develop a product from any student under 18 years of age unless such agreement requires the written permission of the parent of such student prior to monitoring, gathering, or obtaining such information.

    ‘(b) NATURE OF INFORMATION COLLECTED- Before a school, local educational agency, or State educational agency, as the case may be, enters into an agreement to allow a person or entity to monitor, gather, or obtain information used to advertise, sell, or develop a product from any student under 18 years, the school, agency, or State shall ascertain the nature of the information to be collected, how the information will be used, if the information will be sold, distributed, or transferred to any person or entity, and the amount of class time, if any, that will be consumed by such activity.

    ‘(c) CONSENT FORM- The written permission required by subsection (a) shall clearly disclose to the parent the nature of the agreement between a school, local educational agency, or State educational agency, as the case may be, and the person or entity, including--

      ‘(1) the dollar amount of any consideration paid under the agreement;

      ‘(2) the nature of the information to be gathered;

      ‘(3) how the information will be used;

      ‘(4) whether the information will be sold, distributed, or transferred to any other entity; and

      ‘(5) the amount of class time, if any, that will be consumed by such activity.

    ‘(d) EXCEPTIONS- This section shall not apply to--

      ‘(1) the recruitment activities of any institution of higher education, as such term is defined in section 102 of the Higher Education Act of 1965;

      ‘(2) the development and administration of tests and assessments used by elementary and secondary schools to provide cognitive, evaluative, diagnostic, aptitude, or achievement information about students (or for normalizing data), and the subsequent analysis and public release of aggregate data, if--

        ‘(A) the information is not used to sell, advertise, or develop another product; and

        ‘(B) the tests are conducted in accordance with applicable Federal, State, and local policies;

      ‘(3) the development and administration of educational curriculum and instructional materials used by elementary and secondary schools to teach core academic subjects, if--

        ‘(A) the information is not used to sell, advertise, or develop another product; and

        ‘(B) the curriculum and instructional materials are used in accordance with applicable Federal, State, and local policies; or

      ‘(4) contact information collected from a student that is used only to respond directly to a specific request from the student for a transaction, if the information--

        ‘(A) is not used for any purpose other than as required in order to effect the transaction with the student; and

        ‘(B) is not used to recontact the student in order to advertise, sell, or develop any other product or service to the student.

‘PART F--EVALUATIONS

‘SEC. 14601. EVALUATIONS.

    ‘(a) EVALUATIONS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Secretary is authorized to reserve not more than 0.50 percent of the amount appropriated to carry out each program authorized under this Act--

        ‘(A) to carry out comprehensive evaluations of categorical programs and demonstration projects, and studies of program effectiveness, under this Act, and the administrative impact of such programs on schools and local educational agencies in accordance with subsection (b);

        ‘(B) to evaluate the aggregate short- and long-term effects and cost efficiencies across Federal programs under this Act and related Federal preschool, elementary and secondary programs under other Federal law; and

        ‘(C) to strengthen the usefulness of grant recipient evaluations for continuous program progress through improving the quality, timeliness, efficiency, and utilization of program information on program performance.

      ‘(2) SPECIAL RULE-

        ‘(A) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any program under title I.

        ‘(B) If funds are made available under any program assisted under this Act (other than a program under title I) for evaluation activities, then the Secretary shall reserve no additional funds pursuant to the authority in subsection (a)(1) to evaluate such program, but shall coordinate the evaluation of such program with the national evaluation described in subsection (b).

    ‘(b) NATIONAL EVALUATION- The Secretary shall use funds reserved under subsection (a) to conduct independent studies of programs under this Act and the effectiveness of those programs in achieving their purposes, to determine whether those programs (or the administration of those programs) are--

      ‘(1) contributing to improved student academic performance;

      ‘(2) supporting the development of challenging standards and aligned assessments that guide other elements of school reform, including teacher certification, curriculum frameworks, instruction, and professional development;

      ‘(3) assisting efforts in schools and classrooms to improve teaching and the climate for learning, particularly in high-poverty schools, including efforts related to technology, professional development, school violence and drug prevention, and public school choice;

      ‘(4) promoting flexibility with accountability;

      ‘(5) supporting efforts to strengthen family and community involvement in education;

      ‘(6) targeting their resources effectively;

      ‘(7) contributing to reform efforts and continuous improvement; and

      ‘(8) achieving other goals consistent with the purposes of this Act.

    ‘(c) INDEPENDENT PANEL- The Secretary shall establish an independent panel to review studies under subsection (b) to advise the Secretary on their progress, and to comment, if the panel chooses, on the final report described in subsection (d).

    ‘(d) REPORTS- The Secretary shall submit an interim report on the evaluation described in subsection (b) within three years of enactment of the Safe and Successful Schools Act and a final report within four years of its enactment to the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives and to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate.

    ‘(e) PARTNERSHIPS TO STRENGTHEN PERFORMANCE INFORMATION FOR IMPROVEMENT- The Secretary may provide technical assistance to recipients of assistance under this Act in order to strengthen the collection and assessment of information relating to program performance and quality assurance at the State and local levels. Such technical assistance shall be designed to promote the development, measurement, use, and reporting of data on valid, reliable, timely, and consistent performance indicators, within and across programs, and may include one-time grants, from funds reserved under subsection (a), to recipients to develop their data systems with the goal of helping recipients make continuous program improvement.

‘SEC. 14602. PERFORMANCE MEASURES.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary is authorized to establish performance indicators, benchmarks, and targets for each program under this Act and subtitle B of title VII of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act, to assist in measuring program performance. Indicators, benchmarks, and targets under this section shall be consistent with the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 (and strategic plans adopted by the Secretary under that Act).

    ‘(b) COLLABORATION- The Secretary shall collaborate with State educational agencies, local educational agencies, and other recipients under this Act in establishing performance indicators, benchmarks, and targets under this section.

      ‘(c) PLANS AND APPLICATIONS- The Secretary may require any applicant for funds under this Act or subtitle B of title VII of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act to--

      ‘(1) include in its plan or application information relating to how it will use performance indicators, benchmarks, and targets under this section to improve its program performance; and

      ‘(2) report data relating to such performance indicators, benchmarks, and targets to the Secretary.

‘PART G--SENSE OF CONGRESS

‘SEC. 14701. SENSE OF CONGRESS; REQUIREMENT REGARDING NOTICE.

    ‘(a) PURCHASE OF AMERICAN-MADE EQUIPMENT AND PRODUCTS- In the case of any equipment or products that may be authorized to be purchased with financial assistance provided under this Act, it is the sense of the Congress that entities receiving such assistance should, in expending the assistance, purchase only American-made equipment and products.

    ‘(b) NOTICE TO RECIPIENTS OF ASSISTANCE- In providing financial assistance under this Act, the head of each Federal agency shall provide to each recipient of the assistance a notice describing the statement made in subsection (a) by the Congress.’.