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H.R. 4365 (106th): Children’s Health Act of 2000


The text of the bill below is as of May 3, 2000 (Introduced).


HR 4365 IH

106th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 4365

To amend the Public Health Service Act with respect to children’s health.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

May 3, 2000

Mr. BILIRAKIS (for himself and Mr. BROWN of Ohio) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Commerce


A BILL

To amend the Public Health Service Act with respect to children’s health.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ‘Children’s Health Act of 2000’.

SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

      Sec. 1. Short title.

      Sec. 2. Table of contents.

TITLE I--AUTISM

Subtitle A--Surveillance and Research Regarding Prevalence and Pattern of Autism

      Sec. 101. Short title.

      Sec. 102. Surveillance and research programs; clearinghouse; advisory committee.

Subtitle B--Expansion, Intensification, and Coordination of Autism Activities of National Institutes of Health

      Sec. 111. Short title.

      Sec. 112. Expansion, intensification, and coordination; information and education; interagency coordinating committee.

TITLE II--RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT REGARDING FRAGILE X

      Sec. 201. Short title.

      Sec. 202. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development; research on fragile X.

      Sec. 203. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development; loan repayment program regarding research on fragile X.

TITLE III--JUVENILE ARTHRITIS AND RELATED CONDITIONS

      Sec. 301. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases; research on juvenile arthritis and related conditions.

      Sec. 302. Information clearinghouse.

TITLE IV--REDUCING BURDEN OF DIABETES AMONG CHILDREN AND YOUTH

      Sec. 401. Programs of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

      Sec. 402. Programs of National Institutes of Health.

TITLE V--ASTHMA TREATMENT SERVICES FOR CHILDREN

      Sec. 501. Short title.

Subtitle A--Treatment Services

      Sec. 511. Grants for children’s asthma relief.

      Sec. 512. Technical and conforming amendments.

Subtitle B--Prevention Activities

      Sec. 521. Preventive health and health services block grant; systems for reducing asthma-related illnesses through urban cockroach management.

Subtitle C--Coordination of Federal Activities

      Sec. 531. Coordination through National Institutes of Health.

Subtitle D--Compilation of Data

      Sec. 541. Compilation of data by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

TITLE VI--BIRTH DEFECTS PREVENTION ACTIVITIES

Subtitle A--Folic Acid Promotion

      Sec. 601. Short title.

      Sec. 602. Program regarding effects of folic acid in prevention of birth defects.

Subtitle B--National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities

      Sec. 611. National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities.

TITLE VII--EARLY DETECTION, DIAGNOSIS, AND TREATMENT REGARDING HEARING LOSS IN INFANTS

      Sec. 701. Short title.

      Sec. 702. Purposes.

      Sec. 703. Programs of Health Resources and Services Administration, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and National Institutes of Health.

TITLE VIII--CHILDREN AND EPILEPSY

      Sec. 801. National public health campaign on epilepsy; seizure disorder demonstration projects in medically underserved areas.

TITLE IX--SAFE MOTHERHOOD; INFANT HEALTH PROMOTION

Subtitle A--Safe Motherhood Monitoring and Prevention Research

      Sec. 901. Short title.

      Sec. 902. Monitoring; prevention research and other activities.

Subtitle B--Pregnant Mothers and Infants Health Promotion

      Sec. 911. Short title.

      Sec. 912. Programs regarding prenatal and postnatal health.

TITLE X--REVISION AND EXTENSION OF CERTAIN PROGRAMS

Subtitle A--Pediatric Research Initiative

      Sec. 1001. Short title.

      Sec. 1002. Establishment of pediatric research initiative.

      Sec. 1003. Investment in tomorrow’s pediatric researchers.

Subtitle B--Other Programs

      Sec. 1011. Childhood immunizations.

      Sec. 1012. Screenings, referrals, and education regarding lead poisoning.

TITLE XI--CHILDHOOD SKELETAL MALIGNANCIES

      Sec. 1101. Programs of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Institutes of Health.

TITLE XII--ADOPTION AWARENESS

Subtitle A--Infant Adoption Awareness

      Sec. 1201. Short title.

      Sec. 1202. Grants regarding infant adoption awareness.

Subtitle B--Special Needs Adoption Awareness

      Sec. 1211. Short title.

      Sec. 1212. Special needs adoption programs; public awareness campaign and other activities.

TITLE XIII--TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY

      Sec. 1301. Short title.

      Sec. 1302. Programs of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

      Sec. 1303. Programs of National Institutes of Health.

      Sec. 1304. Programs of Health Resources and Services Administration.

TITLE XIV--PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF INJURIES

      Sec. 1401. Authorization of Appropriations for programs of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

TITLE XV--HEALTHY START INITIATIVE

      Sec. 1501. Short title.

      Sec. 1502. Continuation of healthy start program.

TITLE XVI--ORAL HEALTH PROMOTION AND DISEASE PREVENTION

      Sec. 1601. Oral health promotion and disease prevention.

TITLE XVII--VACCINE COMPENSATION PROGRAM

      Sec. 1701. Short title.

      Sec. 1702. Content of petitions.

TITLE XVIII--HEPATITIS C

      Sec. 1801. Short title.

      Sec. 1802. Surveillance and education regarding hepatitis C.

TITLE XIX--NIH INITIATIVE ON AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES

      Sec. 1901. Short title.

      Sec. 1902. Juvenile diabetes, juvenile arthritis, lupus, multiple sclerosis, and other autoimmune-diseases; initiative through Directior of National Institutes of Health.

TITLE XX--GRADUATE MEDICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS IN CHILDREN’S HOSPITALS

      Sec. 2001. Extension of authorization of appropriations.

TITLE XXI--SPECIAL NEEDS OF CHILDREN REGARDING ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION

      Sec. 2101. Short title.

      Sec. 2102. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network; amendments regarding needs of children.

TITLE XXII--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

      Sec. 2201. Report regarding research on rare diseases in children.

TITLE XXIII--EFFECTIVE DATE

      Sec. 2301. Effective date.

TITLE I--AUTISM

Subtitle A--Surveillance and Research Regarding Prevalence and Pattern of Autism

SEC. 101. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ‘Autism Statistics, Surveillance, Research, and Epidemiology Act of 2000 (ASSURE)’.

SEC. 102. SURVEILLANCE AND RESEARCH PROGRAMS; CLEARINGHOUSE; ADVISORY COMMITTEE.

    Part B of title III of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 243 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 317G the following section:

‘SURVEILLANCE AND RESEARCH REGARDING AUTISM AND PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS

    ‘SEC. 317H. (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary , acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, may make awards of grants and cooperative agreements for the collection, analysis, and reporting of data on autism and pervasive developmental disorders. An entity may receive such an award only if the entity is a public or nonprofit private entity ‘(including health departments of States and political subdivisions of States, and including universities and other educational entities). In making such awards, the Secretary may provide direct technical assistance in lieu of cash.

    ‘(b) CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE IN AUTISM AND PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS EPIDEMIOLOGY-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shall (subject to the extent of amounts made available in appropriations Acts) establish not less than three, and not more than five, regional centers of excellence in autism and pervasive developmental disorders epidemiology for the purpose of collecting and analyzing information on the number, incidence, correlates, and causes of autism and related developmental disorders.

      ‘(2) RECIPIENTS OF AWARDS FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF CENTERS- Centers under paragraph (1) shall be established and operated through the award of grants or cooperative agreements to public or nonprofit private entities that conduct research, including health departments of States and political subdivisions of States, and including universities and other educational entities.

      ‘(3) CERTAIN REQUIREMENTS- An award for a center under paragraph (1) may be made only if the entity involved submits to the Secretary an application containing such agreements and information as the Secretary may require, including an agreement that the center involved will operate in accordance with the following:

        ‘(A) The center will collect, analyze, and report autism and pervasive developmental disorders data according to guidelines prescribed by the Director, after consultation with relevant State and local public health officials, private sector developmental disorder researchers, and advocates for those with developmental disorders;

        ‘(B) The center will assist with the development and coordination of State autism and pervasive developmental disorders surveillance efforts within a region;

        ‘(C) The center will provide education, training, and clinical skills improvement for health professionals aimed at better understanding and treatment of autism and related developmental disorders; and

        ‘(D) The center will identify eligible cases and controls through its surveillance systems and conduct research into factors which may cause autism and related developmental disorders; each program will develop or extend an area of special research expertise (including, but not limited to, genetics, environmental exposure to contaminants, immunology, and other relevant research specialty areas).

    ‘(c) CLEARINGHOUSE- The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shall carry out the following:

      ‘(1) The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shall serve as the coordinating agency for autism and pervasive developmental disorders surveillance activities through the establishment of a clearinghouse for the collection and storage of data generated from the monitoring programs created by this section. The functions of such a clearinghouse shall include facilitating the coordination of research and policy development relating to the epidemiology of autism and other pervasive developmental disorders.

      ‘(2) The Secretary shall coordinate the Federal response to requests for assistance from State health department officials regarding potential or alleged autism or developmental disorder clusters.

    ‘(d) ADVISORY COMMITTEE-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall establish an Advisory Committee for Autism and Pervasive developmental disorders Epidemiology Research (in this section referred to as the ‘Committee’). The Committee shall provide advice and recommendations to the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on--

        ‘(A) the establishment of a national autism and pervasive developmental disorders surveillance program;

        ‘(B) the establishment of centers of excellence in autism and pervasive developmental disorders epidemiology;

        ‘(C) methods and procedures to more effectively coordinate government and non-government programs and research on autism and

pervasive developmental disorders epidemiology; and

        ‘(D) the effective operation of autism and pervasive developmental disorders epidemiology research activities.

      ‘(2) COMPOSITION-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- The Committee shall be composed of ex officio members in accordance with subparagraph (B) and 11 appointed members in accordance with subparagraph (C).

        ‘(B) EX OFFICIO MEMBERS- The following officials shall serve as ex officio members of the Committee:

          ‘(i) The Director of the National Center for Environmental Health.

          ‘(ii) The Assistant Administrator of the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.

          ‘(iii) The Director of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.

          ‘(iv) The Director of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.

        ‘(C) APPOINTED MEMBERS- Appointments to the Committee shall be made in accordance with the following:

          ‘(i) Two members shall be research scientists with demonstrated achievements in research related to autism and related developmental disorders. The scientists shall be appointed by the Secretary in consultation with the National Academy of Sciences.

          ‘(ii) Five members shall be representatives of the five national organizations whose primary emphasis is on research into autism and other pervasive developmental disorders. One representative from each of such organizations shall be appointed by the Secretary in consultation with the National Academy of Sciences.

          ‘(iii) Two members shall be clinicians whose practice is primarily devoted to the treatment of individuals with autism and other pervasive developmental disorders. The clinicians shall be appointed by the Secretary in consultation with the Institute of Medicine and the National Academy of Sciences.

          ‘(iv) Two members shall be individuals who are the parents or legal guardians of a person or persons with autism or other pervasive developmental disorders. The individuals shall be appointed by the Secretary in consultation with the ex officio members under subparagraph (B) and the five national organizations referred to in clause (ii).

      ‘(3) ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT; TERMS OF SERVICE; OTHER PROVISIONS- The following apply with respect to the Committee:

        ‘(A) The Committee shall receive necessary and appropriate administrative support from the Department of Health and Human Services.

        ‘(B) Members of the Committee shall be appointed for a term of three years, and may serve for an unlimited number of terms if reappointed.

        ‘(C) The Committee shall meet no less than two times per year.

        ‘(D) Members of the Committee shall not receive additional compensation for their service. Such members may receive reimbursement for appropriate and additional expenses that are incurred through service on the Committee which would not have incurred had they not been a member of the Committee.

    ‘(e) REPORT TO CONGRESS- The Secretary shall prepare and submit to the Congress, after consultation with and comment by the advisory committee under subsection (d), an annual report regarding the prevalence and incidence of autism and other pervasive developmental disorders, the results of research into the etiology of autism and other pervasive developmental disorders, public health responses to known or preventable causes of autism and other pervasive developmental disorders, and the need for additional research into promising lines of scientific inquiry.

    ‘(f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.’.

Subtitle B--Expansion, Intensification, and Coordination of Autism Activities of National Institutes of Health With Respect to Autism

SEC. 111. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ‘Advancement in Pediatric Autism Research Act of 2000’.

SEC. 112. EXPANSION, INTENSIFICATION, AND COORDINATION; INFORMATION AND EDUCATION; INTERAGENCY COORDINATING COMMITTEE.

    Part B of title IV of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 284 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following section:

‘AUTISM

    ‘SEC. 409C. (a) IN GENERAL-

      ‘(1) EXPANSION OF ACTIVITIES- The Director of NIH (in this section referred to as the ‘Director’) shall expand, intensify, and coordinate the activities of the National Institutes of Health with respect to research on autism.

      ‘(2) ADMINISTRATION OF PROGRAM; COLLABORATION AMONG AGENCIES- The Director shall carry out this section (other than subsection (b)) acting through the Director of the National Institute of

Mental Health and in collaboration with any other agencies that the Director determines appropriate.

    ‘(b) INTERAGENCY COORDINATING COMMITTEE-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall ensure that there is in operation an interagency committee to be known as the ‘Autism Coordinating Committee’ (referred to in this subsection as the ‘Committee’) to coordinate all efforts within the Department of Health and Human Services concerning autism, including activities carried out through the National Institutes of Health under this section and activities carried out through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention under section 317H.

      ‘(2) MEMBERSHIP- The Committee shall be composed of such directors of the national research institutes, such directors of centers within the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and such other officials within the Department of Health and Human Services as the Secretary determines to be appropriate. The Committee may include representatives of other Federal agencies that serve children with autism, such as the Department of Education.

      ‘(3) MEETINGS- The Committee shall meet not less than twice per year.

    ‘(c) CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Director shall under subsection (a)(1) make awards of grants and contracts to public or nonprofit private entities to pay all or part of the cost of planning, establishing, improving, and providing basic operating support for centers of excellence regarding research on autism.

      ‘(2) RESEARCH- Each center under paragraph (1) shall conduct basic and clinical research into autism. Such research should include investigations into the cause, diagnosis, early detection, prevention, control, and treatment of autism. These centers, as a group, shall conduct research including but not limited to the fields of developmental neurobiology, genetics, and psychopharmacology.

      ‘(3) SERVICES FOR PATIENTS- A center under paragraph (1) may expend amounts provided under such paragraph to carry out a program to make individuals aware of opportunities to participate as subjects in research conducted by the centers. The program may, in accordance with such criteria as the Director may establish, provide to such subjects referrals for health and other services, and such patient care costs as are required for research. The extent to which the center can demonstrate availability and access to clinical services shall be considered by the Director in decisions about awarding the grants to applicants which meet the scientific criteria for funding.

      ‘(4) COORDINATION OF CENTERS; REPORTS- The Director shall, as appropriate, provide for the coordination of information among centers under paragraph (1) and ensure regular communication between such centers, and may require the periodic preparation of reports on the activities of the centers and the submission of the reports to the Director.

      ‘(5) ORGANIZATION OF CENTERS- Each center under paragraph (1) shall use the facilities of a single institution, or be formed from a consortium of cooperating institutions, meeting such requirements as may be prescribed by the Director.

      ‘(6) NUMBER OF CENTERS; DURATION OF SUPPORT- The Director shall provide for the establishment of not less than five centers under paragraph (1), subject to the extent of amounts made available in appropriations Acts. Support of such a center may be for a period not exceeding 5 years. Such period may be extended for one or more additional periods not exceeding 5 years if the operations of such center have been reviewed by an appropriate technical and scientific peer review group established by the Director and if such group has recommended to the Director that such period should be extended.

    ‘(d) FACILITATION OF RESEARCH- The Director shall under subsection (a)(1) provide for a program under which samples of tissues and genetic materials that are of use in research on autism are donated, collected, preserved, and made available for such research. The program shall be carried out in accordance with accepted scientific and medical standards for the donation, collection, and preservation of such samples.

    ‘(e) INFORMATION AND EDUCATION-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Director shall establish and implement a program to provide information and education on autism to health professionals and the general public, including information and education on advances in the diagnosis and treatment of autism and training and continuing education through programs for scientists, physicians, and other health professionals who provide care for patients with autism.

      ‘(2) STIPENDS- The Director may use amounts made available under this section to provide stipends for health professionals who are enrolled in training programs under this section.

    ‘(f) PUBLIC INPUT- The Director shall under subsection (a)(1) provide for means through which the public can obtain information on the existing and planned programs and activities of the National Institutes of Health with respect to autism and through which the Director can receive comments from the public regarding such programs and activities.

    ‘(g) ANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS- The Director shall prepare and submit to the appropriate committees of the Congress reports regarding the activities carried out under this section. The first report shall be submitted not later than January 10, 2002, and subsequent reports shall be submitted annually thereafter.

    ‘(h) FUNDING- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005. Such authorizations of appropriations are in addition to any other authorizations of appropriations that are available for such purpose.’.

TITLE II--RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT REGARDING FRAGILE X

SEC. 201. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ‘Fragile X Research Breakthrough Act of 2000’.

SEC. 202. NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF CHILD HEALTH AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT; RESEARCH ON FRAGILE X.

    Subpart 7 of part C of title IV of the Public Health Service Act is amended by adding at the end the following section:

‘FRAGILE X

    ‘SEC. 452E. (a) EXPANSION AND COORDINATION OF RESEARCH ACTIVITIES- The Director of the Institute, after consultation with the advisory council for the Institute, shall expand, intensify, and coordinate the activities of the Institute with respect to research on the disease known as fragile X.

    ‘(b) RESEARCH CENTERS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Director of the Institute, after consultation with the advisory council for the Institute, shall make grants to, or enter into contracts with, public or nonprofit private entities for the development and operation of centers to conduct research for the purposes of improving the diagnosis and treatment of, and finding the cure for, fragile X.

      ‘(2) NUMBER OF CENTERS- In carrying out paragraph (1), the Director of the Institute shall, to the extent that amounts are appropriated, provide for the establishment of at least three fragile X research centers.

      ‘(3) ACTIVITIES-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- Each center assisted under paragraph (1) shall, with respect to fragile X--

          ‘(i) conduct basic and clinical research, which may include clinical trials of--

            ‘(I) new or improved diagnostic methods; and

            ‘(II) drugs or other treatment approaches; and

          ‘(ii) conduct research to find a cure.

        ‘(B) FEES- A center may use funds provided under paragraph (1) to provide fees to individuals serving as subjects in clinical trials conducted under subparagraph (A).

      ‘(4) COORDINATION AMONG CENTERS- The Director of the Institute shall, as appropriate, provide for the coordination of the activities of the centers assisted under this section, including providing for the exchange of information among the centers.

      ‘(5) CERTAIN ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS- Each center assisted under paragraph (1) shall use the facilities of a single institution, or be formed from a consortium of cooperating institutions, meeting such requirements as may be prescribed by the Director of the Institute.

      ‘(6) DURATION OF SUPPORT- Support may be provided to a center under paragraph (1) for a period not exceeding 5 years. Such period may be extended for one or more additional periods, each of which may not exceed 5 years, if the operations of such center have been reviewed by an appropriate technical and scientific peer review group established by the Director and if such group has recommended to the Director that such period be extended.

      ‘(7) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out this subsection, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.’.

SEC. 203. NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF CHILD HEALTH AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT; LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAM REGARDING RESEARCH ON FRAGILE X.

    Part G of title IV of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 288 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 487E the following section:

‘LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAM REGARDING RESEARCH ON FRAGILE X

    ‘SEC. 487F. (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary, in consultation with the Director of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, shall establish a program under which the Federal Government enters into contracts with qualified health professionals (including graduate students) who agree to conduct research regarding fragile X in consideration of the Federal Government’s agreement to repay, for each year of such service, not more than $35,000 of the principal and interest of the educational loans owed by such health professionals.

    ‘(b) APPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS- With respect to the National Health Service Corps Loan Repayment Program established in subpart III of part D of title III, the provisions of such subpart (including section 338B(g)(3)) shall, except as inconsistent with subsection (a) of this section, apply to the program established in such subsection in the same manner and to the same extent as such provisions apply to the National Health Service Corps Loan Repayment Program established in such subpart.

    ‘(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.’.

TITLE III--JUVENILE ARTHRITIS AND RELATED CONDITIONS

SEC. 301. NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ARTHRITIS AND MUSCULOSKELETAL AND SKIN DISEASES; RESEARCH ON JUVENILE ARTHRITIS AND RELATED CONDITIONS.

    Subpart 4 of part C of title IV of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 285d et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 442 the following section:

‘JUVENILE ARTHRITIS AND RELATED CONDITIONS

    ‘SEC. 442A. (a) EXPANSION AND COORDINATION OF ACTIVITIES- The Director of the Institute, in coordination with the Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, shall expand and intensify the programs of such Institutes with respect to research and related activities concerning juvenile arthritis and related conditions.

    ‘(b) COORDINATION- The Directors referred to in subsection (a) shall jointly coordinate the programs referred to in such subsection and consult with the Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases Interagency Coordinating Committee.

    ‘(c) PEDIATRIC RHEUMATOLOGY- The Secretary, acting through the appropriate agencies of the Public

Health Service, shall develop a coordinated effort to help ensure that a national infrastructure is in place to train and develop pediatric rheumatologists to address the health care services requirements of children with arthritis and related conditions.

    ‘(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.’.

SEC. 302. INFORMATION CLEARINGHOUSE.

    Section 438(b) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 285d-3(b)) is amended by inserting ‘, including juvenile arthritis and related conditions,’ after ‘diseases’.

TITLE IV--REDUCING BURDEN OF DIABETES AMONG CHILDREN AND YOUTH

SEC. 401. PROGRAMS OF CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION.

    Part B of title III of the Public Health Service Act, as amended by section 102 of this Act, is amended by inserting after section 317H the following section:

‘DIABETES IN CHILDREN AND YOUTH

    ‘SEC. 317I. (a) NATIONAL REGISTRY ON JUVENILE DIABETES- The Secretary , acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shall develop a system to collect data on juvenile diabetes, including with respect to incidence and prevalence, and shall establish a national database for such data.

    ‘(b) TYPE 2 DIABETES IN YOUTH- The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and in consultation with the Administrator of the Health Resources and Services Administration, shall implement a national public health effort to address type 2 diabetes in youth, including--

      ‘(1) enhancing surveillance systems and expanding research to better assess the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in youth and determine the extent to which type 2 diabetes is incorrectly diagnosed as type 1 diabetes among children;

      ‘(2) assisting States in establishing coordinated school health programs and physical activity and nutrition demonstration programs to control weight and increase physical activity among youth; and

      ‘(3) developing and improving laboratory methods to assist in diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diabetes including, but not limited to, developing noninvasive ways to monitor blood glucose to prevent hypoglycema and improving existing glucometers that measure blood glucose.

    ‘(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.’.

SEC. 402. PROGRAMS OF NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH.

    Subpart 3 of part C of title IV of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 285c et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 434 the following section:

‘JUVENILE DIABETES

    ‘SEC. 434A. (a) LONG-TERM EPIDEMIOLOGY STUDIES-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Director of the Institute shall conduct or support long-term epidemiology studies in which individuals with type 1, or juvenile, diabetes are followed for 10 years or more. Such studies shall, in order to provide a valuable resource for the purposes specified in paragraph (2), provide for complete characterization of disease manifestations, appropriate medical history, elucidation of environmental factors, delineation of complications, results of usual medical treatment and a variety of other potential valuable (such as samples of blood).

      ‘(2) PURPOSES- The purposes referred to in paragraph (1) with respect to type 1 diabetes are the following:

        ‘(A) Delineation of potential environmental triggers thought precipitating or causing type 1 diabetes.

        ‘(B) Delineation of those clinical characteristics or lab measures associated with complications of the disease.

        ‘(C) Potential study population to enter into clinical trials for prevention and treatment, as well as genetic studies.

    ‘(b) CLINICAL TRIAL INFRASTRUCTURE/INNOVATIVE TREATMENTS FOR JUVENILE DIABETES- The Secretary, acting through the Director of the National Institutes of Health, shall support regional clinical centers for the cure of juvenile diabetes and shall through such centers provide for--

      ‘(1) well-characterized population of children appropriate for study;

      ‘(2) well-trained clinical scientists able to conduct such trials;

      ‘(3) appropriate clinical settings able to house such studies; and

      ‘(4) appropriate statistical capability, data, safety and other monitoring capacity.

    ‘(c) DEVELOPMENT OF VACCINE- The Secretary, acting through the appropriate agencies of the Public

Health Service, shall provide for a national effort to develop a vaccine for type 1 diabetes. Such effort shall provide for a combination of increased efforts in research and development of candidate vaccines, coupled with appropriate ability to conduct large clinical trials in children.

    ‘(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.’.

TITLE V--ASTHMA TREATMENT SERVICES FOR CHILDREN

SEC. 501. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ‘Children’s Asthma Relief Act of 2000’.

Subtitle A--Treatment

SEC. 511. GRANTS FOR CHILDREN’S ASTHMA RELIEF.

    Title III of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 241 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following part:

‘PART P--ADDITIONAL PROGRAMS

‘SEC. 399L. CHILDREN’S ASTHMA TREATMENT GRANTS PROGRAM.

    ‘(a) AUTHORITY TO MAKE GRANTS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- In addition to any other payments made under this Act or title V of the Social Security Act, the Secretary shall award grants to eligible entities to carry out the following purposes:

        ‘(A) To provide access to quality medical care for children who live in areas that have a high prevalence of asthma and who lack access to medical care.

        ‘(B) To provide on-site education to parents, children, health care providers, and medical teams to recognize the signs and symptoms of asthma, and to train them in the use of medications to treat asthma and prevent its exacerbations.

        ‘(C) To decrease preventable trips to the emergency room by making medication available to individuals who have not previously had access to treatment or education in the management of asthma.

        ‘(D) To provide other services, such as smoking cessation programs, home modification, and other direct and support services that ameliorate conditions that exacerbate or induce asthma.

      ‘(2) CERTAIN PROJECTS- In making grants under paragraph (1), the Secretary may make grants designed to develop and expand the following projects:

        ‘(A) Projects to provide comprehensive asthma services to children in accordance with the guidelines of the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (through the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute), including access to care and treatment for asthma in a community-based setting;

        ‘(B) Projects to demonstrate mobile health care clinics that in accordance with such guidelines provide preventive asthma care. Such projects shall be evaluated and reports describing the findings of the evaluations shall be submitted to the Congress.

        ‘(C) Projects to conduct validated asthma management education programs for patients with asthma and their families, including patient education regarding asthma management, family education on asthma management, and the distribution of materials, including displays and videos, to reinforce concepts presented by medical teams.

      ‘(2) AWARD OF GRANTS-

        ‘(A) APPLICATION-

          ‘(i) IN GENERAL- An eligible entity shall submit an application to the Secretary for a grant under this section in such form and manner as the Secretary may require.

          ‘(ii) REQUIRED INFORMATION- An application submitted under this subparagraph shall include a plan for the use of funds awarded under the grant and such other information as the Secretary may require.

        ‘(B) REQUIREMENT- In awarding grants under this section, the Secretary shall give preference to eligible entities that demonstrate that the activities to be carried out under this section shall be in localities within areas of known or suspected high prevalence of childhood asthma or high asthma-related mortality (relative to the average asthma prevalence rates and associated mortality rates in the United States). Acceptable data sets to demonstrate a high prevalence of childhood asthma or high asthma-related mortality may include data from Federal, State, or local vital statistics, claims data under title XIX or XXI of the Social Security Act, other public health statistics or surveys, or other data that the Secretary, in consultation with the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, deems appropriate.

      ‘(3) DEFINITION OF ELIGIBLE ENTITY- For purposes of this section, the term ‘eligible entity’ means a State agency or other entity receiving funds under title V of the Social Security Act, a local community, a nonprofit children’s hospital or foundation, or a nonprofit community-based organization.

    ‘(b) COORDINATION WITH OTHER CHILDREN’S PROGRAMS- An eligible entity shall identify in the plan submitted as part of an application for a grant under this section how the entity will coordinate operations and activities under the grant with--

      ‘(1) other programs operated in the State that serve children with asthma, including any such programs operated under titles V, XIX, or XXI of the Social Security Act; and

      ‘(2) one or more of the following--

        ‘(A) the child welfare and foster care and adoption assistance programs under parts B and E of title IV of such Act;

        ‘(B) the head start program established under the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9831 et seq.);

        ‘(C) the program of assistance under the special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants and children (WIC) under section 17 of the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1786);

        ‘(D) local public and private elementary or secondary schools; or

        ‘(E) public housing agencies, as defined in section 3 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 1437a).

    ‘(c) EVALUATION- An eligible entity that receives a grant under this section shall submit to the Secretary an evaluation of the operations and activities carried out under the grant that includes--

      ‘(1) a description of the health status outcomes of children assisted under the grant;

      ‘(2) an assessment of the utilization of asthma-related health care services as a result of activities carried out under the grant;

      ‘(3) the collection, analysis, and reporting of asthma data according to guidelines prescribed by the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; and

      ‘(4) such other information as the Secretary may require.

    ‘(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.’.

SEC. 512. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

    Title III of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 241 et seq.) is amended--

      (1) in part L, by redesignating section 399D as section 399A;

      (2) in part M--

        (A) by redesignating sections 399H through 399L as sections 399B through 399F, respectively;

        (B) in section 399B (as so redesignated), in subsection (e)--

          (i) by striking ‘section 399K(b)’ and inserting ‘subsection (b) of section 399E’; and

          (ii) by striking ‘section 399C’ and inserting ‘such section’;

        (C) in section 399E (as so redesignated), in subsection (c), by striking ‘section 399H(a)’ and inserting ‘section 399B(a)’; and

        (D) in section 399F (as so redesignated)--

          (i) in subsection (a), by striking ‘section 399I’ and inserting ‘section 399C’;

          (ii) in subsection (a), by striking ‘subsection 399J’ and inserting ‘section 399D’; and

          (iii) in subsection (b), by striking ‘subsection 399K’ and inserting ‘section 399E’;

      (3) in part N, by redesignating section 399F as section 399G; and

      (4) in part O--

        (A) by redesignating sections 399G through 399J as sections 399H through 399K, respectively;

        (B) in section 399H (as so redesignated), in subsection (b), by striking ‘section 399H’ and inserting ‘section 399I’;

        (C) in section 399J (as so redesignated), in subsection (b), by striking ‘section 399G(d)’ and inserting ‘section 399H(d)’; and

        (D) in section 399K (as so redesignated), by striking ‘section 399G(d)(1)’ and inserting ‘section 399H(d)(1)’.

Subtitle B--Prevention Activities

SEC. 521. PREVENTIVE HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES BLOCK GRANT; SYSTEMS FOR REDUCING ASTHMA-RELATED ILLNESSES THROUGH URBAN COCKROACH MANAGEMENT.

    Section 1904(a)(1) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300w-3(a)(1)) is amended--

      (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as subparagraphs (F) and (G), respectively;

      (2) by adding a period at the end of subparagraph (G) (as so redesignated);

      (3) by inserting after subparagraph (D), the following:

      ‘(E) The establishment, operation, and coordination of effective and cost-efficient systems to reduce the prevalence of asthma and asthma-related illnesses among urban populations, especially children, by reducing the level of exposure to cockroach allergen through the use of integrated pest management, as applied to cockroaches. Amounts expended for such systems may include the costs of building maintenance and the costs of programs to promote community participation in the carrying out at such sites of integrated pest management, as applied to cockroaches. For purposes of this subparagraph, the term ‘integrated pest management’ means an approach to the management of pests in public facilities that combines biological, cultural, physical, and chemical tools in a way that minimizes economic, health, and environmental risks.’;

      (4) in subparagraph (F) (as so redesignated), by striking ‘subparagraphs (A) through (D)’ and inserting ‘subparagraphs (A) through (E)’; and

      (5) in subparagraph (G) (as so redesignated), by striking ‘subparagraphs (A) through (E)’ and inserting ‘subparagraphs (A) through (F)’.

Subtitle C--Coordination of Federal Activities

SEC. 531. COORDINATION THROUGH NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH.

    Subpart 2 of part C of title IV of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 285b et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 424A the following section:

‘COORDINATION OF FEDERAL ASTHMA ACTIVITIES

    ‘SEC. 424B (a) IN GENERAL- The Director of Institute shall, through the National Asthma Education Prevention Program Coordinating Committee--

      ‘(1) identify all Federal programs that carry out asthma-related activities;

      ‘(2) develop, in consultation with appropriate Federal agencies and professional and voluntary health organizations, a Federal plan for responding to asthma; and

      ‘(3) not later than 12 months after the date of the enactment of the Children’s Health Act of 2000, submit recommendations to the appropirate committees of the Congress on ways to strengthen and improve the coordination of asthma-related activities of the Federal Government.

    ‘(b) REPRESENTATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT- A representative of the Department of Housing and Urban Development shall be included on the National Asthma Education Prevention Program Coordinating Committee for the purpose of performing the tasks described in subsection (a).

    ‘(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.’.

Subtitle D--Compilation of Data

SEC. 541. COMPILATION OF DATA BY CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION.

    Part B of title III of the Public Health Service Act, as amended by section 401 of this Act, is amended by inserting after section 317I the following section:

‘COMPILATION OF DATA ON ASTHMA

    ‘SEC. 317J. (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and in consultation with the Director of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, shall--

      ‘(1) conduct local asthma surveillance activities to collect data on the prevalence and severity of asthma and the quality of asthma management;

      ‘(2) compile and annually publish data on the prevalence of children suffering from asthma in each State; and

      ‘(3) to the extent practicable, compile and publish data on the childhood mortality rate associated with asthma nationally.

    ‘(b) NATIONAL COORDINATING COMMITTEE- The Director of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute shall in carrying out subsection (a) consult with the National Asthma Education Prevention Program Coordinating Committee.

    ‘(c) COLLABORATIVE EFFORTS- The activities described in subsection (a)(1) may be conducted in collaboration with eligible entities awarded a grant under section 399L.’.

TITLE VI--BIRTH DEFECTS PREVENTION ACTIVITIES

Subtitle A--Folic Acid

SEC. 601. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ‘Folic Acid Promotion and Birth Defects Prevention Act of 2000’.

SEC. 602. PROGRAM REGARDING EFFECTS OF FOLIC ACID IN PREVENTION OF BIRTH DEFECTS.

    Part B of title III of the Public Health Service Act, as amended by section 541 of this Act, is amended by inserting after section 317J the following section:

‘EFFECTS OF FOLIC ACID IN PREVENTION OF BIRTH DEFECTS

    ‘SEC. 317K. (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shall carry out a program (directly or through grants or contracts) for the following purposes:

      ‘(1) To provide education and training for health professionals and the general public for purposes of explaining the effects of folic acid in preventing birth defects and for purposes of encouraging each woman of reproductive capacity (whether or not planning a pregnancy) to consume on a daily basis a dietary supplement that provides an appropriate level of folic acid.

      ‘(2) To conduct research with respect to such education and training, including identifying effective strategies for increasing the rate of consumption of folic acid by women of reproductive capacity.

      ‘(3) To conduct research to increase the understanding of the effects of folic acid in preventing birth defects, including understanding with respect to cleft lip, cleft palate, and heart defects.

      ‘(4) To provide for appropriate epidemiological activities regarding folic acid and birth defects, including epidemiological activities regarding neural tube defects.

    ‘(b) CONSULTATIONS WITH STATES AND PRIVATE ENTITIES- In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary shall consult with the States and with other appropriate public or private entities, including national nonprofit private organizations, health professionals, and providers of health insurance and health plans.

    ‘(c) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE- The Secretary may (directly or through grants or contracts) provide technical assistance to public and nonprofit private entities in carrying out the activities described in subsection (a).

    ‘(d) EVALUATIONS- The Secretary shall (directly or through grants or contracts) provide for the evaluation of activities under subsection (a) in order to determine the extent to which such activities have been effective in carrying out the purposes of the program under such subsection, including the effects on various demographic populations. Methods of evaluation under the preceding sentence may include surveys of knowledge and attitudes on the consumption of folic acid and on blood folate levels. Such methods may include complete and timely monitoring of infants who are born with neural tube defects.

    ‘(e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.’.

Subtitle B--National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities

SEC. 611. NATIONAL CENTER ON BIRTH DEFECTS AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES.

    Section 317C of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 247b-4) is amended--

      (1) by striking the heading for the section and inserting the following:

‘NATIONAL CENTER ON BIRTH DEFECTS AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES’;

      (2) by striking ‘SEC. 317C. (a)’ and all that follows through the end of subsection (a) and inserting the following:

    ‘SEC. 317C. (a) IN GENERAL-

      ‘(1) NATIONAL CENTER- There is established within the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention a center to be known as the National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (referred to in this section as the ‘Center’), which shall be headed by a director appointed by the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

      ‘(2) GENERAL DUTIES- The Secretary shall carry out programs--

        (A) to collect, analyze, and make available data on birth defects (in a manner that facilitates compliance with subsection (d)(2)), including data on the causes of such defects and on the incidence and prevalence of such defects;

        (B) to operate regional centers for the conduct of applied epidemiological research on the prevention of such defects; and

        (C) to provide information and education to the public on the prevention of such defects.

      ‘(3) FOLIC ACID- The Secretary shall carry out section 317K through the Center.

      ‘(4) CERTAIN PROGRAMS-

        ‘(A) TRANSFERS- All programs and functions described in subparagraph (B) are transferred to the Center, effective on the date of the enactment of the Children’s Health Act of 2000.

        ‘(B) RELEVANT PROGRAMS- The programs and functions described in this subparagraph are all programs and functions that--

          ‘(i) relate to birth defects, folic acid, cerebral palsy, mental retardation, child development, newborn screening, autism, fragile X syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, pediatric genetics, or disability prevention; and

          ‘(ii) were carried out through the National Center for Environmental Health as of the day before the date of the enactment of the Act referred to in subparagraph (A).

        ‘(C) RELATED TRANSFERS- Personnel employed in connection with the programs and functions specified in subparagraph (B), and amounts available for carrying out the programs and functions, are tranferred to the Center, effective on the date of the enactment of the Act referred to in subparagraph (A). Such transfer of amounts does not affect the period of availability of the amounts, or the availability of the amounts with respect to the purposes for which the amounts may be expended.’; and

      (3) in subsection (b)(1), in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ‘(a)(1)’ and inserting ‘(a)(2)(A)’.

TITLE VII--EARLY DETECTION, DIAGNOSIS, AND TREATMENT REGARDING HEARING LOSS IN INFANTS

SEC. 701. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ‘Newborn and Infant Hearing Screening and Intervention Act of 2000’.

SEC. 702. PURPOSES.

    The purposes of this subtitle are to clarify the authority within the Public Health Service Act to authorize statewide newborn and infant hearing screening, evaluation and intervention programs and systems, technical assistance, a national applied research program, and interagency and private sector collaboration for policy development, in order to assist the States in making progress toward the following goals:

      (1) All babies born in hospitals in the United States and its territories should have a hearing screening before leaving the birthing facility. Babies born in other countries and residing in the United States via immigration or adoption should have a hearing screening as early as possible.

      (2) All babies who are not born in hospitals in the United States and its territories should have a hearing screening within the first 3 months of life.

      (3) Appropriate audiologic and medical evaluations should be conducted by 3 months for all newborns and infants suspected of having hearing loss to allow appropriate referral and provisions for audiologic rehabilitation, medical and early intervention before the age of 6 months.

      (4) All newborn and infant hearing screening programs and systems should include a component for audiologic rehabilitation, medical and early intervention options that ensures linkage to any new and existing state-wide systems of intervention and rehabilitative services for newborns and infants with hearing loss.

      (5) Public policy in regard to newborn and infant hearing screening and intervention should be based on applied research and the recognition that newborns, infants, toddlers, and children who are deaf or hard-of-hearing have unique language, learning, and communication needs, and should be the result of consultation with pertinent public and private sectors.

SEC. 703. PROGRAMS OF HEALTH RESOURCES AND SERVICES ADMINISTRATION, CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION, AND NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH.

    Part P of title III of the Public Health Service Act, as added by section 511 of this Act, is amended by adding at the end the following section:

‘SEC. 399M. EARLY DETECTION, DIAGNOSIS, AND TREATMENT REGARDING HEARING LOSS IN INFANTS.

    ‘(a) STATEWIDE NEWBORN AND INFANT HEARING SCREENING, EVALUATION AND INTERVENTION PROGRAMS AND SYSTEMS- The Secretary, acting through the Administrator of the Health Resources and Services Administration, shall make awards of grants or cooperative agreements to develop statewide newborn and infant hearing screening, evaluation and intervention programs and systems for the following purposes:

      ‘(1) To develop and monitor the efficacy of state-wide newborn and infant hearing screening, evaluation and intervention programs and systems. Early intervention includes referral to schools and agencies, including community, consumer, and parent-based agencies and organizations and other programs mandated by part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, which offer programs specifically designed to meet the unique language and communication needs of deaf and hard of hearing newborns, infants, toddlers, and children.

      ‘(2) To collect data on statewide newborn and infant hearing screening, evaluation and intervention programs and systems that can be used for applied research, program evaluation and policy development.

    ‘(b) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE, DATA MANAGEMENT, AND APPLIED RESEARCH-

      ‘(1) CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION- The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shall make awards of grants or cooperative agreements to provide technical assistance to State agencies to complement an intramural program and to conduct applied research related to newborn and infant hearing screening, evaluation and intervention programs and systems. The program shall develop standardized procedures for data management and program effectiveness and costs, such as--

        ‘(A) to ensure quality monitoring of newborn and infant hearing loss screening, evaluation, and intervention programs and systems;

        ‘(B) to provide technical assistance on data collection and management;

        ‘(C) to study the costs and effectiveness of newborn and infant hearing screening, evaluation and intervention programs and systems conducted by State-based programs in order to answer issues of importance to state and national policymakers;

        ‘(D) to identify the causes and risk factors for congenital hearing loss;

        ‘(E) to study the effectiveness of newborn and infant hearing screening, audiologic and medical evaluations and intervention programs and systems by assessing the health, intellectual and social developmental, cognitive, and language status of these children at school age; and

        ‘(F) to promote the sharing of data regarding early hearing loss with State-based birth defects and developmental disabilities monitoring programs for the purpose of identifying previously unknown causes of hearing loss.

      ‘(2) NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH- The Director of the National Institutes of Health, acting through the Director of the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, shall for purposes of this section, continue a program of research and development on the efficacy of new screening techniques and technology, including clinical studies of screening methods, studies on efficacy of intervention, and related research.

    ‘(c) COORDINATION AND COLLABORATION-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- In carrying out programs under this section, the Administrator of the Health Resources and Services Administration, the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Director of the National Institutes of Health shall collaborate and consult with other Federal agencies; State and local agencies, including those

responsible for early intervention services pursuant to title XIX of the Social Security Act (Medicaid Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment Program); title XXI of the Social Security Act (State Children’s Health Insurance Program); title V of the Social Security Act (Maternal and Child Health Block Grant Program); and part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act; consumer groups of and that serve individuals who are deaf and hard-of-hearing and their families; appropriate national medical and other health and education specialty organizations; persons who are deaf and hard-of-hearing and their families; other qualified professional personnel who are proficient in deaf or hard-of-hearing children’s language and who possess the specialized knowledge, skills, and attributes needed to serve deaf and hard-of-hearing newborns, infants, toddlers, children, and their families; third-party payers and managed care organizations; and related commercial industries.

      ‘(2) POLICY DEVELOPMENT- The Administrator of the Health Resources and Services Administration, the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Director of the National Institutes of Health shall coordinate and collaborate on recommendations for policy development at the Federal and State levels and with the private sector, including consumer, medical and other health and education professional-based organizations, with respect to newborn and infant hearing screening, evaluation and intervention programs and systems.

      ‘(3) STATE EARLY DETECTION, DIAGNOSIS, AND INTERVENTION PROGRAMS AND SYSTEMS; DATA COLLECTION- The Administrator of the Health Resources and Services Administration and the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shall coordinate and collaborate in assisting States to establish newborn and infant hearing screening, evaluation and intervention programs and systems under subsection (a) and to develop a data collection system under subsection (b).

    ‘(d) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION- Nothing in this section shall be construed to preempt any State law.

    ‘(e) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this section:

      ‘(1) The term ‘audiologic evaluation’ refers to procedures to assess the status of the auditory system; to establish the site of the auditory disorder; the type and degree of hearing loss, and the potential effects of hearing loss on communication; and to identify appropriate treatment and referral options. Referral options should include linkage to State coordinating agencies under part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act or other appropriate agencies, medical evaluation, hearing aid/sensory aid assessment, audiologic rehabilitation treatment, national and local consumer, self-help, parent, and education organizations, and other family-centered services.

      ‘(2) The terms ‘audiologic rehabilitation’ and ‘audiologic intervention’ refer to procedures, techniques, and technologies to facilitate the receptive and expressive communication abilities of a child with hearing loss.

      ‘(3) The term ‘early intervention’ refer to providing appropriate services for the child with hearing loss, including nonmedical services, and ensuring that families of the child are provided comprehensive, consumer-oriented information about the full range of family support, training, information services, communication options and are given the opportunity to consider the full range of educational and program placements and options for their child.

      ‘(4) The term ‘medical evaluation by a physician’ refers to key components including history, examination, and medical decision making focused on symptomatic and related body systems for the purpose of diagnosing the etiology of hearing loss and related physical conditions, and for identifying appropriate treatment and referral options.

      ‘(5) The term ‘medical intervention’ refers to the process by which a physician provides medical diagnosis and direction for medical and/or surgical treatment options of hearing loss and/or related medical disorder associated with hearing loss.

      ‘(6) The term ‘newborn and infant hearing screening’ refers to objective physiologic procedures to detect possible hearing loss and to identify newborns and infants who, after rescreening, require further audiologic and medical evaluations.

    ‘(f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS-

      ‘(1) STATEWIDE NEWBORN AND INFANT HEARING SCREENING, EVALUATION AND INTERVENTION PROGRAMS AND SYSTEMS- For the purpose of carrying out subsection (a), there are authorized to be appropriated to the Health Resources and Services Administration such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.

      ‘(2) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE, DATA MANAGEMENT, AND APPLIED RESEARCH; CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION- For the purpose of carrying out subsection (b)(1), there are authorized to be appropriated to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.

      ‘(3) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE, DATA MANAGEMENT, AND APPLIED RESEARCH; NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON DEAFNESS AND OTHER COMMUNICATION DISORDERS- For the purpose of carrying out subsection (b)(2), there are authorized to be appropriated to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.’.

TITLE VIII--CHILDREN AND EPILEPSY

SEC. 801. NATIONAL PUBLIC HEALTH CAMPAIGN ON EPILEPSY; SEIZURE DISORDER DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS IN MEDICALLY UNDERSERVED AREAS.

    Subpart I of part D of title III of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 254b) is amended by adding at the end the following section:

‘SEC. 330E. EPILEPSY; SEIZURE DISORDER.

    ‘(a) NATIONAL PUBLIC HEALTH CAMPAIGN-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall develop and implement public health surveillance, education, research, and intervention strategies to improve the lives of persons with epilepsy, with a particular emphasis on children. Such projects may be carried out by the Secretary directly and through awards of grants or contracts to public or nonprofit private entities. The Secretary may directly or through such awards provide technical assistance with respect to the planning, development, and operation of such projects.

      ‘(2) CERTAIN ACTIVITIES- Activities under paragraph (1) shall include--

        ‘(A) expanding current surveillance activities through existing monitoring systems and improving registries that maintain data on individuals with epilepsy, including children;

        ‘(B) enhancing research activities on patient management and control of epilepsy;

        ‘(C) implementing public and professional information and education programs regarding epilepsy, including initiatives which promote effective management and control of the disease through children’s programs which are targeted to parents, schools, daycare providers, patients;

        ‘(D) undertaking educational efforts with the media, providers of health care, schools and others regarding stigmas and secondary disabilities related to epilepsy and seizures, and also its affects on youth;

        ‘(E) utilizing and expanding partnerships with organizations with experience addressing the health and related needs of people with disabilities; and

        ‘(F) other activities the Secretary deems appropriate.

      ‘(3) COORDINATION OF ACTIVITIES- The Secretary shall ensure that activities under this subsection are coordinated as appropriate with other agencies of the Public Health Service that carry out activities regarding epilepsy and seizure.

    ‘(b) SEIZURE DISORDER; DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS IN MEDICALLY UNDERSERVED AREAS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary, acting through the Administrator of the Health Resources and Services Administration, may make grants to States and local governments for the purpose of carrying out demonstration projects to improve access to health and other services regarding seizures to encourage early detection and treatment in children and others residing in medically underserved areas.

      ‘(2) APPLICATION FOR GRANT- The Secretary may make a grant under paragraph (1) only if the application for the grant is submitted to the Secretary and the application is in such form, is made in such matter, and contains such agreements, assurances, and information as the Secretary determines to be necessary to carry out this subsection.

    ‘(c) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this section:

      ‘(1) The term ‘epilepsy’ refers to a chronic and serious neurological condition which produces excessive electrical discharges in the brain causing recurring seizures affecting all life activities. The Secretary may revise the definition of such term as the Secretary.

      ‘(2) The term ‘medically underserved’ has the meaning applicable under section 799B(6).

    ‘(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.’.

TITLE IX--SAFE MOTHERHOOD; INFANT HEALTH PROMOTION

Subtitle A--Safe Motherhood Monitoring and Prevention Research

SEC. 901. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ‘Safe Motherhood Monitoring and Prevention Research Act’.

SEC. 902. MONITORING; PREVENTION RESEARCH AND OTHER ACTIVITIES.

    Part B of title III of the Public Health Service Act, as amended by section 602 of this Act, is amended by inserting after section 317K the following section:

‘SAFE MOTHERHOOD

    ‘SEC. 317L. (a) MONITORING-

      ‘(1) PURPOSE- The purpose of this subsection is to develop monitoring systems at the local, State, and national level to better understand the burden of maternal complications and mortality and to decrease the disparities among population at risk of death and complications from pregnancy.

      ‘(2) ACTIVITIES- For the purpose described in paragraph (1), the Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, may carry out the following activities:

        ‘(A) the Secretary may establish and implement a national monitoring and surveillance program to identify and promote the investigation of deaths and severe complications that occur during pregnancy.

        ‘(B) The Secretary may expand the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System to provide surveillance and collect data in each of the 50 States.

        ‘(C) The Secretary may expand the Maternal and Child Health Epidemiology Program to provide technical support, financial assistance, or the time-limited assignment of senior epidemiologists to maternal and child health programs in each of the 50 States.

    ‘(b) PREVENTION RESEARCH-

    ‘(1) PURPOSE- The purpose of this subsection is to provide the Secretary with the authority to further expand research concerning risk factors, prevention strategies, and the roles of the family, health care providers and the community in safe motherhood.

      ‘(2) RESEARCH- The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, may carry out activities to expand research relating to--

        ‘(A) encouraging preconception counseling, especially for at risk populations such as diabetics;

        ‘(B) the identification of critical components of prenatal delivery and postpartum care;

        ‘(C) the identification of outreach and support services, such as folic acid education, that are available for pregnant women;

        ‘(D) the identification of women who are at high risk for complications;

        ‘(E) preventing preterm delivery;

        ‘(F) preventing urinary tract infections;

        ‘(G) preventing unnecessary caesarean sections;

        ‘(H) an examination of the higher rates of maternal mortality among african american women;

        ‘(I) an examination of the relationship between domestic violence and maternal complications and mortality;

        ‘(J) preventing smoking, alcohol and illegal drug usage before, during and after pregnancy;

        ‘(K) preventing infections that cause maternal and infant complications; and

        ‘(L) other areas determined appropriate by the Secretary.

    ‘(c) PREVENTION PROGRAMS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, may carry out activities to promote safe motherhood, including--

        ‘(A) public education campaigns on healthy pregnancies and the building of partnerships with outside organizations concerned about safe motherhood;

        ‘(B) education programs for physicians, nurses and other health care providers; and

        ‘(C) activities to promote community support services for pregnant women.

    ‘(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.’.

Subtitle B--Pregnant Mothers and Infants Health Promotion

SEC. 911. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ‘Pregnant Mothers and Infants Health Protection Act’.

SEC. 912. PROGRAMS REGARDING PRENATAL AND POSTNATAL HEALTH.

    Part B of title III of the Public Health Service Act, as amended by section 902 of this Act, is amended by inserting after section 317L the following section:

‘PRENATAL AND POSTNATAL HEALTH

    ‘SEC. 317M. (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, shall carry out programs--

      ‘(1) to collect, analyze, and make available data on prenatal smoking, alcohol and illegal drug usage, including data on the implications of such activities and on the incidence and prevalence of such activities and their implications;

      ‘(2) to conduct applied epidemiological research on the prevention of prenatal and postnatal smoking, alcohol and illegal drug usage;

      ‘(3) to support, conduct, and evaluate the effectiveness of educational and cessation programs; and

      ‘(4) to provide information and education to the public on the prevention and implications of prenatal and postnatal smoking, alcohol and illegal drug usage.

    ‘(b) GRANTS- In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary may award grants to and enter into contracts with States, local governments, scientific and academic institutions, Federally qualified health centers, and other public and nonprofit entities, and may provide technical and consultative assistance to such entities.

    ‘(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.’.

TITLE X--REVISION AND EXTENSION OF PROGRAMS

Subtitle A--Pediatric Research Initiative

SEC. 1001. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ‘Pediatric Research Initiative Act of 2000’.

SEC. 1002. ESTABLISHMENT OF PEDIATRIC RESEARCH INITIATIVE.

    Part B of title IV of the Public Health Service Act, as amended by section 112 of this Act, is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘PEDIATRIC RESEARCH INITIATIVE

    ‘SEC. 409D. (a) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary shall establish within the Office of the Director of NIH a Pediatric Research Initiative (referred to in this section as the ‘Initiative’). The Initiative shall be headed by the Director of NIH.

    ‘(b) PURPOSE- The purpose of the Initiative is to provide funds to enable the Director of NIH to provide--

      ‘(1) increased support for pediatric biomedical research within the National Institutes of Health to ensure that the expanding opportunities for advancement in scientific investigations and care for children are realized;

      ‘(2) enhanced collaborative efforts among the Institutes to support multidisciplinary research in the areas that the Director deems most promising; and

      ‘(3) the development of adequate pediatric clinical trials and pediatric use information to promote the safer and more effective use of prescription drugs in the pediatric population.

    ‘(c) DUTIES- In carrying out subsection (b), the Director of NIH shall--

      ‘(1) consult with the Director of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and the Directors of the other national research institutes, in considering their requests for new or expanded pediatric research efforts, and consult with the Administrator of the Health Resources and Services Administration and other advisors as the Director determines to be appropriate;

      ‘(2) have broad discretion in the allocation of any Initiative assistance among the Institutes, among types of grants, and between basic and clinical research so long as the--

        ‘(A) assistance is directly related to the illnesses and conditions of children; and

        ‘(B) assistance is extramural in nature; and

      ‘(3) be responsible for the oversight of any newly appropriated Initiative funds and annually report to Congress and the public on the extent of the total extramural support for pediatric research across the NIH, including the specific support and research awards allocated through the Initiative.

    ‘(d) AUTHORIZATION- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.

    ‘(e) TRANSFER OF FUNDS- The Director of NIH may transfer amounts appropriated under this section to any of the Institutes for a fiscal year to carry out the purposes of the Initiative under this section.’.

SEC. 1003. INVESTMENT IN TOMORROW’S PEDIATRIC RESEARCHERS.

    Subpart 7 of part C of title IV of the Public Health Service Act, as amended by section 921 of this Act, is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘INVESTMENT IN TOMORROW’S PEDIATRIC RESEARCHERS

    ‘SEC. 452G. (a) IN GENERAL- In order to ensure the future supply of researchers dedicated to the care and research needs of children, the Director of the Institute, after consultation with the Administrator of the Health Resources and Services Administration, shall support activities to provide for--

      ‘(1) an increase in the number and size of institutional training grants to pediatric departments of medical schools and to children’s hospitals; and

      ‘(2) an increase in the number of career development awards for health professionals who are in pediatric specialties or subspecialties and intend to build careers in pediatric basic and clinical research.

    ‘(b) AUTHORIZATION- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.’.

Subtitle B--Other Programs

SEC. 1011. CHILDHOOD IMMUNIZATIONS.

    Section 317(j)(1) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 247b(j)(1)) is amended in the first sentence by striking ‘1998’ and all that follows and inserting ‘1998 through 2003.’.

SEC. 1012. SCREENINGS, REFERRALS, AND EDUCATION REGARDING LEAD POISONING.

    Section 317A(l)(1) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 247b-1(l)(1)) is amended by striking ‘1994’ and all that follows and inserting ‘1994 through 2003.’.

TITLE XI--CHILDHOOD SKELETAL MALIGNANCIES

SEC. 1101. PROGRAMS OF CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION AND NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH.

    Part P of title III of the Public Health Service Act, as amended by section 703 of this Act, is amended by adding at the end the following section:

‘SEC. 399N. CHILDHOOD SKELETAL MALIGNANCIES.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary, acting as appropriate through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Director of the National Institutes of Health, shall study environmental and other risk factors for childhood skeletal cancers, and carry out projects to improve outcomes among children with childhood skeletal cancers and resultant secondary conditions, including limb loss. Such projects shall be carried out by the Secretary directly and through awards of grants or contracts to public or nonprofit entities.

    ‘(b) CERTAIN ACTIVITIES- Activities under subsection (a) include--

      ‘(1) the expansion of current demographic data collection and population surveillance efforts to include childhood skeletal cancers nationally;

      ‘(2) the development of a uniform reporting system under which treating physicians, hospitals, clinics, and states report the diagnosis of childhood skeletal cancers, including relevant associated epidemiological data; and

      ‘(3) support for the National Limb Loss Information Center to address, in part, the primary and secondary needs of persons who experience childhood skeletal cancers in order to prevent or minimize the disabling nature of these cancers.

    ‘(c) COORDINATION OF ACTIVITIES- The Secretary shall assure that activities under this section are coordinated as appropriate with other agencies of the Public Health Service that carry out activities focused on childhood cancers and limb loss.

    ‘(d) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the term ‘childhood skeletal cancer’ refers to any malignancy originating in the connective tissue of a person before skeletal maturity including the appendicular and axial skeleton. The Secretary may for purposes of this section revise the definition of such term to the extent determined by the Secretary to be appropriate.

    ‘(e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.’.

TITLE XII--ADOPTION AWARENESS

Subtitle A--Infant Adoption Awareness

SEC. 1201. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ‘Infant Adoption Awareness Act of 2000’.

SEC. 1202. GRANTS REGARDING INFANT ADOPTION AWARENESS.

    Subpart I of part D of title III of the Public Health Service Act, as amended by section 801 of this Act, is amended by adding at the end the following section:

‘SEC. 330F. CERTAIN SERVICES FOR PREGNANT WOMEN.

    ‘(a) INFANT ADOPTION AWARENESS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall make grants to national, regional, or local adoption organizations for the purpose of developing and implementing programs to train the designated staff of eligible health centers in providing adoption information and referrals to pregnant women on an equal basis with all other courses of action included in nondirective counseling.

      ‘(2) BEST-PRACTICES GUIDELINES-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- A condition for the receipt of a grant under paragraph (1) is that the adoption organization involved agree that, in providing training under such paragraph, the organization will follow the guidelines developed under subparagraph (B).

        ‘(B) PROCESS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF GUIDELINES-

          ‘(i) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall establish and supervise a process described in clause (ii) in which the participants are--

            ‘(I) an appropriate number and variety of adoption organizations that have expertise in all models of adoption practice and that represent all members of the adoption triad (birth mother, infant, and adoptive parent); and

            ‘(II) affected public health entities.

          ‘(ii) DESCRIPTION OF PROCESS- The process referred to in clause (i) is a process in which the participants described in such clause collaborate to develop best-practices guidelines on the provision of adoption information and referrals to pregnant women on an equal basis with all other courses of action included in nondirective counseling.

          ‘(iii) DATE CERTAIN FOR DEVELOPEMENT- The Secretary shall ensure that the guidelines described in clause (ii) are developed not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of the Children’s Health Act of 2000.

        ‘(C) RELATION TO AUTHORITY FOR GRANTS- The Secretary may not make any grant under paragraph (1) before the date on which the guidelines under subparagraph (B) are developed.

      ‘(3) USE OF GRANT-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- With respect to a grant under paragraph (1)--

          ‘(i) an adoption organization may expend the grant to carry out the programs directly or through grants to or contracts with other adoption organizations;

          ‘(ii) the purposes for which the adoption organization expends the grant may include the development of a training curriculum, consistent with the guidelines developed under paragraph (2)(B); and

          ‘(iii) a condition for the receipt of the grant is that the adoption organization agree that, in providing training for the designated staff of eligible health centers, such organization will make reasonable efforts to ensure that the individuals who provide the training are individuals who are experienced in providing adoption information and referrals in the geographic areas in which the eligible health centers are located, and that the designated staff receive the training in such areas.

        ‘(B) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION REGARDING TRAINING OF TRAINERS- With respect to individuals who under a grant under paragraph (1) provide training for the designated staff of eligible health centers (referred to in this subparagraph as ‘trainers’), subparagraph (A)(iii) may not be construed as establishing any limitation regarding the geographic area in which the trainers receive instruction in being such trainers. A trainer may receive such instruction in a different geographic area than the area in which the trainer trains (or will train) the designated staff of eligible health centers.

      ‘(4) ADOPTION ORGANIZATIONS; ELIGIBLE HEALTH CENTERS; OTHER DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this section:

        ‘(A) The term ‘adoption organization’ means a national, regional, or local organization--

          ‘(i) among whose foci are adoption;

          ‘(ii) that is knowledgeable on the process for adopting a child and on providing adoption information and referrals to pregnant women; and

          ‘(iii) that is a nonprofit private entity.

        ‘(B) The term ‘designated staff’, with respect to an eligible health center, means staff of the center who provide pregnancy or adoption information and referrals (or will provide such information and referrals after receiving training under a grant under paragraph (1)).

        ‘(C) The term ‘eligible health centers’ means public and nonprofit private entities that provide health-related services to pregnant women.

      ‘(5) TRAINING FOR CERTAIN ELIGIBLE HEALTH CENTERS- A condition for the receipt of a grant under paragraph (1) is that the adoption organization involved agree to make reasonable efforts to ensure that the eligible health centers with respect to which training under the grant is provided include--

        ‘(A) eligible health centers that receive grants under section 1001 (relating to voluntary family planning projects);

        ‘(B) eligible health centers that receive grants under section 330 (relating to community health centers, migrant health centers, and

centers regarding homeless individuals and residents of public housing); and

        ‘(C) eligible health centers that receive grants under this Act for the provision of services in schools.

      ‘(6) PARTICIPATION OF CERTAIN ELIGIBLE HEALTH CLINICS- In the case of eligible health centers that receive grants under section 330 or 1001:

        ‘(A) The Secretary shall require that, within a reasonable period after the Secretary begins making grants under paragraph (1), such centers make reasonable efforts to encourage the designated staff of the centers to undergo training through the program under such paragraph.

        ‘(B) All costs of such centers in obtaining the training shall be reimbursed by the organization that provides the training, using grants under paragraph (1).

        ‘(C) Beginning one year after the date on which the Secretary first makes grants under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall commence a study to evaluate the extent of compliance of health centers with subparagraph (A) and the extent to which nondirective counseling and referrals includes adoption information and referrals. After conducting the study for a reasonable period of time, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of the Congress a reporting describing the findings of the study.

    ‘(b) REQUIREMENTS REGARDING FEDERALLY-FUNDED FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES- The Secretary shall require that each program providing voluntary family planning services with a grant from the Secretary provide nondirective counseling and referrals on all the options, including but not limited to adoption.

    ‘(c) APPLICATION FOR GRANT- The Secretary may make a grant under subsection (a) only if an application for the grant is submitted to the Secretary and the application is in such form, is made in such manner, and contains such agreements, assurances, and information as the Secretary determines to be necessary to carry out this section.

    ‘(d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.’.

Subtitle B--Special Needs Adoption Awareness

SEC. 1211. SPECIAL NEEDS ADOPTION PROGRAMS; PUBLIC AWARENESS CAMPAIGN AND OTHER ACTIVITIES.

    Subpart I of part D of title III of the Public Health Service Act, as amended by section 1202 of this Act, is amended by adding at the end the following section:

‘SEC. 330G. SPECIAL NEEDS ADOPTION PROGRAMS; PUBLIC AWARENESS CAMPAIGN AND OTHER ACTIVITIES.

    ‘(a) SPECIAL NEEDS ADOPTION AWARENESS CAMPAIGN-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall, through making grants to nonprofit private entities, provide for the planning, development, and carrying out of a national campaign to provide information to the public regarding the adoption of children with special needs.

      ‘(2) INPUT ON PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT- In providing for the planning and development of the national campaign under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall provide for input from a number and variety of adoption organizations throughout the States in order that the full national diversity of interests among adoption organizations is represented in the planning and development of the campaign.

      ‘(3) CERTAIN FEATURES- With respect to the national campaign under paragraph (1):

        ‘(A) The campaign shall be directed at various populations, taking into account as appropriate differences among geographic regions, and shall be carried out in the language and cultural context that is most appropriate to the population involved.

        ‘(B) The means through which the campaign may be carried out include--

          ‘(i) placing public service announcements on television, radio, and billboards; and

          ‘(ii) providing information through means that the Secretary determines will reach individuals who are most likely to adopt children with special needs.

        ‘(C) The campaign shall provide information on the subsidies and supports that are available to individuals regarding the adoption of children with special needs.

        ‘(D) The Secretary may provide that the placement of public service announcements, and the dissemination of brochures and other materials, is subject to review by the Secretary.

      ‘(4) MATCHING REQUIREMENT-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- With respect to the costs of the activities to be carried out by an entity pursuant to paragraph (1), a condition for the receipt of a grant under such paragraph is that the entity agree to make available (directly or through donations from public or private entities) non-Federal contributions toward such costs in an amount that is not less than 50 percent of such costs ($1 for each $1 provided in the grant).

        ‘(B) DETERMINATION OF AMOUNT CONTRIBUTED- Non-Federal contributions under subparagraph (A) may be in cash or in kind, fairly evaluated, including plant, equipment, or services. Amounts provided by the Federal Government, or services assisted or subsidized to any significant extent by the Federal Government, may not be included in determining the amount of such contributions.

    ‘(b) NATIONAL RESOURCES PROGRAM- The Secretary shall (directly or through grant or contract) carry out a program that, through toll-free telecommunications,

makes available to the public information regarding the adoption of children with special needs. Such information shall include the following:

      ‘(1) A list of national, State, and regional organizations that provide services regarding such adoptions, including exchanges and other information on communicating with the organizations. The list shall represent the full national diversity of adoption organizations.

      ‘(2) Information beneficial to individuals who adopt such children, including lists of support groups for adoptive parents and other postadoptive services.

    ‘(c) OTHER PROGRAMS- With respect to the adoption of children with special needs, the Secretary shall make grants--

      ‘(1) to provide assistance to support groups for adoptive parents, adopted children, and siblings of adopted children; and

      ‘(2) to carry out studies to identify the reasons for adoption disruptions.

    ‘(d) APPLICATION FOR GRANT- The Secretary may make an award of a grant or contract under this section only if an application for the award is submitted to the Secretary and the application is in such form, is made in such manner, and contains such agreements, assurances, and information as the Secretary determines to be necessary to carry out this section.

    ‘(e) FUNDING- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.’.

TITLE XIII--TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY

SEC. 1301. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ‘Traumatic Brain Injury Act Amendments of 2000’.

SEC. 1302. PROGRAMS OF CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 393A of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 280b-1b) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (b)--

        (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘and’ at the end;

        (B) in paragraph (2), by striking the period and inserting ‘; and’; and

        (C) by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(3) the implementation of a national education and awareness campaign regarding such injury (in conjunction with the program of the Secretary regarding health-status goals for 2010, commonly referred to as Healthy People 2010), including the national dissemination of information on--

        ‘(A) incidence and prevalence;

        ‘(B) secondary conditions arising from traumatic brain injury upon discharge from hospitals and trauma centers.’;

      (2) in subsection (d)--

        (A) in the second sentence, by striking ‘anoxia due to near drowning.’ and inserting ‘anoxia.’; and

        (B) in the third sentence, by inserting before the period the following: ‘, after consultation with States and other appropriate public or nonprofit private entities’.

    (b) NATIONAL REGISTRY- Part J of title III of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 280b et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 393A the following section:

‘NATIONAL PROGRAM FOR TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY REGISTRIES

    ‘SEC. 393B. (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, may make grants to States or their designees to operate the State’s traumatic brain injury registry, and to academic institutions to conduct applied research that will support the development of such registries, to collect data concerning--

      ‘(1) demographic information about each traumatic brain injury;

      ‘(2) information about the circumstances surrounding the injury event associated with each traumatic brain injury;

      ‘(3) administrative information about the source of the collected information, dates of hospitalization and treatment, and the date of injury; and

      ‘(4) information characterizing the clinical aspects of the traumatic brain injury, including the severity of the injury, the types of treatments received, and the types of services utilized.’.

SEC. 1303. PROGRAMS OF NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH.

    (a) INTERAGENCY PROGRAM- Section 1261(d)(4) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300d-61(d)(4)) is amended--

      (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘degree of injury’ and inserting ‘degree of brain injury’;

      (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ‘acute injury’ and inserting ‘acute brain injury’; and

      (3) in subparagraph (D), by striking ‘injury treatment’ and inserting ‘brain injury treatment’.

    (b) DEFINITION- Section 1261(h)(4) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300d-61(h)(4)) is amended--

      (1) in the second sentence, by striking ‘anoxia due to near drowning.’ and inserting ‘anoxia.’; and

      (2) in the third sentence, by inserting before the period the following: ‘, after consultation with States and other appropriate public or nonprofit private entities’.

    (c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- Section 1261 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300d-61) is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(i) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2000 through 2004.’.

SEC. 1304. PROGRAMS OF HEALTH RESOURCES AND SERVICES ADMINISTRATION.

    Section 1252 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300d-51) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (b)(3)--

        (A) in subparagraph (A)(iv), by striking ‘representing traumatic brain injury survivors’

and inserting ‘representing individuals with traumatic brain injury’; and

        (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ‘who are survivors of’ and inserting ‘with’;

      (2) in subsection (c)--

        (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘, in cash,’; and

        (B) in paragraph (2), by amending the paragraph to read as follows:

      ‘(2) DETERMINATION OF AMOUNT CONTRIBUTED- Non-Federal contributions under paragraph (1) may be in cash or in kind, fairly evaluated, including plant, equipment, or services. Amounts provided by the Federal Government, or services assisted or subsidized to any significant extent by the Federal Government, may not be included in determining the amount of such contributions.’;

      (3) by designating subsections (e) through (h) as subsections (g) through (j), respectively; and

      (4) by inserting after subsection (d) the following subsections:

    ‘(e) CONTINUATION OF PREVIOUSLY AWARDED DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS- A State that received a grant under this section prior to the date of enactment of the Children’s Health Act of 2000 may compete for new project grants under this section after such date of enactment.

    ‘(f) USE OF STATE GRANTS-

      ‘(1) COMMUNITY SERVICES AND SUPPORTS- A State shall (directly or through awards of contracts to nonprofit private entities) use amounts received under a grant under this section for the following:

        ‘(A) To develop, change, or enhance community-based service delivery systems that include timely access to comprehensive appropriate services and supports. Such service and supports--

          ‘(i) shall promote full participation by individuals with brain injury and their families in decision making regarding the services and supports; and

          ‘(ii) shall be designed for children and other individuals with traumatic brain injury.

        ‘(B) To focus on outreach to underserved and inappropriately served individuals, such as individuals in institutional settings, individuals with low socioeconomic resources, individuals in rural communities, and individuals in culturally and linguistically diverse communities.

        ‘(C) To award contracts to nonprofit entities for consumer or family service access training, consumer support, peer mentoring, and parent to parent programs.

        ‘(D) To provide individual and family service coordination or case management systems.

        ‘(E) To support other needs identified by the advisory board under subsection (b) for the State involved.

      ‘(2) BEST PRACTICES-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- State services and supports provided under a grant under this section shall reflect the best practices in the field of traumatic brain injury, shall be in compliance with title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, and shall be supported by quality assurance measures as well as state-of-the-art health care and integrated community supports, regardless of the severity of injury.

        ‘(B) DEMONSTRATION BY STATE AGENCY- The State agency responsible for administering amounts received under a grant under this section shall demonstrate or express a willingness to obtain expertise and knowledge of traumatic brain injury and the unique needs associated with traumatic brain injury.

      ‘(3) STATE CAPACITY BUILDING- A State may use amounts received under a grant under this section to--

        ‘(A) educate consumers and families;

        ‘(B) train professionals in public and private sector financing (such as third party payers, State agencies, community-based providers, schools, and educators);

        ‘(C) develop or improve case management or service coordination systems;

        ‘(D) develop best practices in areas such as family or consumer support, return to work, housing or supportive living personal assistance services, assistive technology and devices, behavioral health services, substance abuse services, and traumatic brain injury treatment and rehabilitation;

        ‘(E) tailor existing State systems to provide accommodations to the needs of individuals with brain injury (including systems administered by the State departments responsible for health, mental health, labor, education, mental retardation/developmental disorders, transportation, and correctional systems);

        ‘(F) improve data sets coordinated across systems and other needs identified by a State plan supported by its advisory council; and

        ‘(G) develop capacity within targeted communities.’;

      (5) in subsection (g) (as so redesignated), by striking ‘agencies of the Public Health Service’ and inserting ‘Federal agencies’;

      (6) in subsection (i) (as redesignated by paragraph (3))--

        (A) in the second sentence, by striking ‘anoxia due to near drowning.’ and inserting ‘anoxia.’; and

        (B) in the third sentence, by inserting before the period the following: ‘, after consultation with States and other appropriate public or nonprofit private entities’; and

      (7) in subsection (j) (as so redesignated), by amending the subsection to read as follows:

    ‘(j) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.’.

TITLE XIV--PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF INJURIES

SEC. 1401. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR PROGRAMS OF CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION.

    Section 394A of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 280b-3) is amended by striking ‘and’ after ‘1994’ and by inserting before the period the following: ‘, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.’.

TITLE XV--HEALTHY START INITIATIVE

SEC. 1501. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ‘Healthy Start Initiative Continuation Act’.

SEC. 1502. CONTINUATION OF HEALTHY START PROGRAM.

    Subpart I of part D of title III of the Public Health Service Act, as amended by section 1203 of this Act, is amended by adding at the end the following section:

‘SEC. 330H. HEALTHY START FOR INFANTS.

    ‘(a) IN GENERAL-

      ‘(1) CONTINUATION AND EXPANSION OF PROGRAM- The Secretary, acting through the Administrator of the Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, shall under authority of this section continue in effect the Healthy Start Initiative and may, during fiscal year 2001 and subsequent years, carry out such program on a national basis.

      ‘(2) DEFINITION- For purposes of paragraph (1), the term ‘Healthy Start Initiative’ is a reference to the program that, as an initiative to reduce the rate of infant mortality and improve perinatal outcomes, makes grants for project areas with high annual rates of infant mortality and that, prior to the effective date of this section, was a demonstration program carried out under section 301.

      ‘(3) ADDITIONAL GRANTS- Effective upon increased funding beyond fiscal year 1999 for such Initiative, additional grants may be made to States to assist communities with technical assistance, replication of successful projects, and State policy formation to reduce infant and maternal mortality and morbidity.

    ‘(b) REQUIREMENTS FOR MAKING GRANTS- In making grants under subsection (a), the Secretary shall require that applicants (in addition to meeting all eligibility criteria established by the Secretary) establish, for project areas under such subsection, community-based consortia of individuals and organizations (including agencies responsible for administering block grant programs under title V of the Social Security Act, consumers of project services, public health departments, hospitals, health centers under section 330, and other significant sources of health care services) that are appropriate for participation in projects under subsection (a).

    ‘(c) COORDINATION- Recipients of grants under subsection (a) shall coordinate their services and activities with the State agency or agencies that administer block grant programs under title V of the Social Security Act in order to promote cooperation, integrity, and dissemination of information with Statewide systems and with other community services funded under the Maternal and Child Health Block Grant.

    ‘(d) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION- Except to the extent inconsistent with this section, this section may not be construed as affecting the authority of the Secretary to make modifications in the program carried out under subsection (a).

    ‘(e) MEDICALLY APPROPRIATE ULTRASOUND SERVICES; MEDICALLY APPROPRIATE SERVICES FOR AT-RISK MOTHERS AND INFANTS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may make grants to health care entities to provide--

        ‘(A) for pregnant women, ultrasound services provided by qualified health care professionals upon medical indication and referral from health care professionals who provide comprehensive prenatal services; and

        ‘(B) for pregnant women or infants, other health services (including prenatal care, genetic counseling, and fetal and other surgery) that--

          ‘(i) are determined by a qualified treating health care professional to be medically appropriate in order to prevent or mitigate congenital defects (including but not limited to spina bifida and hydrocephaly) or other serious obstetric complications (including but not limited to placenta previa, premature rupture of membranes, or preeclampsia); and

          ‘(ii) are provided during pregnancy or during the first year after birth.

      ‘(2) ELIGIBLE PROJECT AREA- The Secretary may make a grant under paragraph (1) only if the geographic area in which services under the grant will be provided is a geographic area in which a project under subsection (a) is being carried out, and if the Secretary determines that the grant will add to or expand the level of health services available in such area to pregnant women and infants.

      ‘(3) TRANSPORTATION AND SUBSISTENCE EXPENSES FOR CERTAIN PATIENTS- The purposes for which a grant under paragraph (1)(B) may be expended include paying, on behalf of a pregnant woman who is in need of the health services described in such paragraph, transportation and subsistence expenses to assist the pregnant woman in obtaining such health services from the grantee involved. The Secretary may establish such restrictions regarding payments under the preceding sentence as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.

      ‘(4) CERTAIN CONDITIONS- A condition for the receipt of a grant under paragraph (1) is that the applicant for the grant agree as follows:

        ‘(A) In the case of a grant under paragraph (1)(A), if ultrasound services indicate that there is a fetal anomaly or other serious obstetric complication, the applicant will refer the pregnant woman involved for appropriate medical services, including, as appropriate, for health services described in paragraph (1)(B) provided by grantees under such paragraph.

        ‘(B) If the applicant provides nondirective pregnancy counseling to patients and is not subject to the condition under section 330F(b), such counseling provided by the applicant to patients will include (but is not limited to) the provision of adoption information and referrals.

      ‘(5) RELATIONSHIP TO PAYMENTS UNDER OTHER PROGRAMS- A grant may be made under paragraph (1) only if the applicant involved agrees that the grant will not be expended to pay the expenses of providing any service under such paragraph to a pregnant woman to the extent that payment has been made, or can reasonably be expected to be made, with respect to such expenses--

        ‘(A) under any State compensation program, under an insurance policy, or under any Federal or State health benefits program; or

        ‘(B) by an entity that provides health services on a prepaid basis.

      ‘(6) EVALUATION BY GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE-

        ‘(A) IN GENERAL- During fiscal year 2004, the Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct an evaluation of activities under grants under paragraph (1) in order to determine whether the activities have been effective in serving the needs of pregnant women with respect to ultrasound services and the other health services described in paragraph (1)(B). The evaluation shall include an analysis of whether such activities have been effective in reducing the disparity in health status between the general population and individuals who are members of racial or ethnic minority groups. Not later than January 10, 2005, the Comptroller General shall submit to the Committee on Commerce in the House of Representatives, and to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions in the Senate, a report describing the findings of the evaluation.

        ‘(B) RELATION TO GRANTS REGARDING MEDICALLY APPROPRIATE SERVICES FOR AT-RISK MOTHERS AND INFANTS- Before the date on which the evaluation under subparagraph (A) is submitted in accordance with such subparagraph--

          ‘(i) the Secretary shall ensure that there are not more than three grantees under paragraph (1)(B); and

          ‘(ii) an entity is not eligible to receive grants under such paragraph unless the entity has substantial experience in providing the health services described in such paragraph.

    ‘(e) FUNDING-

      ‘(1) GENERAL PROGRAM-

        ‘(A) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out this section (other than subsection (e)), there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.

        ‘(B) ALLOCATIONS-

          ‘(i) PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION- Of the amounts appropriated under subparagraph (A) for a fiscal year, the Secretary may reserve up to 5 percent for coordination, dissemination, technical assistance, and data activities that are determined by the Secretary to be appropriate for carrying out the program under this section.

          ‘(ii) EVALUATION- Of the amounts appropriated under subparagraph (A) for a fiscal year, the Secretary may reserve up to 1 percent for evaluations of projects carried out under subsection (a). Each such evaluation shall include a determination of whether such projects have been effective in reducing the disparity in health status between the general population and individuals who are members of racial or ethnic minority groups.

      ‘(2) MEDICALLY APPROPRIATE ULTRASOUND SERVICES; MEDICALLY APPROPRIATE SERVICES FOR AT-RISK MOTHERS AND INFANTS-

        ‘(A) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out subsection (e), there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.

        ‘(B) ALLOCATION- Of the amounts appropriated under subparagraph (A) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall make available not less than 10 percent for providing ultrasound services under subsection (d)(1)(A) (provided by qualified health care professionals upon medical indication and referral from health care professionals who provide comprehensive prenatal services) through visits by mobile units to communities that are eligible for services under subsection (a).’.

TITLE XVI--ORAL HEALTH PROMOTION AND DISEASE PREVENTION

SEC. 1601. ORAL HEALTH PROMOTION AND DISEASE PREVENTION.

    Part B of title III of the Public Health Service Act, as amended by section 912 of this Act, is amended by inserting after section 317M the following section:

‘ORAL HEALTH PROMOTION AND DISEASE PREVENTION

    ‘SEC. 317N. (a) GRANTS TO INCREASE RESOURCES FOR COMMUNITY WATER FLUORIDATION-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, may make grants to States and Indian tribes for the purpose of increasing the resources available for community water fluoridation.

      ‘(2) USE OF FUNDS- A State shall use amounts provided under a grant under paragraph (1)--

        ‘(A) to purchase fluoridation equipment;

        ‘(B) to train fluoridation engineers;

        ‘(C) to develop educational materials on the benefits of fluoridation; or

        ‘(D) to support the infrastructure necessary to monitor and maintain the quality of water fluoridation.

    ‘(b) COMMUNITY WATER FLUORIDATION-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and in collaboration with the Director of the Indian Health Service, shall establish a demonstration project that is designed to assist rural water systems in successfully implementing the water fluoridation guidelines of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that are entitled ‘Engineering and Administrative Recommendations for Water Fluoridation, 1995’ (referred to in this subsection as the ‘EARWF’).

      ‘(2) REQUIREMENTS-

        ‘(A) COLLABORATION- In collaborating under paragraph (1), the Directors referred to in such paragraph shall ensure that technical assistance and training are provided to tribal programs located in each of the 12 areas of the Indian Health Service. The Director of the Indian Health Service shall provide coordination and administrative support to tribes under this section.

        ‘(B) GENERAL USE OF FUNDS- Amounts made available under paragraph (1) shall be used to assist small water systems in improving the effectiveness of water fluoridation and to meet the recommendations of the EARWF.

        ‘(C) FLUORIDATION SPECIALISTS-

          ‘(i) IN GENERAL- In carrying out this subsection, the Secretary shall provide for the establishment of fluoridation specialist engineering positions in each of the Dental Clinical and Preventive Support Centers through which technical assistance and training will be provided to tribal water operators, tribal utility operators and other Indian Health Service personnel working directly with fluoridation projects.

          ‘(ii) LIAISON- A fluoridation specialist shall serve as the principal technical liaison between the Indian Health Service and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention with respect to engineering and fluoridation issues.

          ‘(iii) CDC- The Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shall appoint individuals to serve as the fluoridation specialists.

        ‘(D) IMPLEMENTATION- The project established under this subsection shall be planned, implemented and evaluated over the 5-year period beginning on the date on which funds are appropriated under this section and shall be designed to serve as a model for improving the effectiveness of water fluoridation systems of small rural communities.

      ‘(3) EVALUATION- In conducting the ongoing evaluation as provided for in paragraph (2)(D), the Secretary shall ensure that such evaluation includes--

        ‘(A) the measurement of changes in water fluoridation compliance levels resulting from assistance provided under this section;

        ‘(B) the identification of the administrative, technical and operational challenges that are unique to the fluoridation of small water systems;

        ‘(C) the development of a practical model that may be easily utilized by other tribal, state, county or local governments in improving the quality of water fluoridation with emphasis on small water systems; and

        ‘(D) the measurement of any increased percentage of Native Americans or Alaskan Natives who receive the benefits of optimally fluoridated water.

    ‘(c) SCHOOL-BASED DENTAL SEALANT PROGRAM-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and in collaboration with the Administrator of the Health Resources and Services Administration, may award grants to States and Indian tribes to provide for the development of school-based dental sealant programs to improve the access of children to sealants.

      ‘(2) USE OF FUNDS- A State shall use amounts received under a grant under paragraph (1) to provide funds to eligible school-based entities or to public elementary or secondary schools to enable such entities or schools to provide children in second and sixth grades with access to dental care and dental sealant services. Such services shall be provided by licensed dental health professionals in accordance with State practice licensing laws.

      ‘(3) ELIGIBILITY- To be eligible to receive funds under paragraph (1), an entity shall--

        ‘(A) prepare and submit to the State an application at such time, in such manner and containing such information as the state may require; and

        ‘(B) be a public elementary or secondary school--

          ‘(i) that is located in an urban area in which and more than 50 percent of the student population is participating in federal or state free or reduced meal programs; or

          ‘(ii) that is located in a rural area and, with respect to the school district in which the school is located, the district involved has a median income that is at or below 235 percent of the poverty line, as defined in section 673(2) of the Community Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 9902(2)).

    ‘(d) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this section, the term ‘Indian tribe’ means an Indian tribe or tribal organization as defined in section 4(b) and section 4(c) of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act.

    ‘(e) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.’.

TITLE XVII--VACCINE COMPENSATION PROGRAM

SEC. 1701. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ‘Vaccine Injury Compensation Program Amendments of 2000.’.

SEC. 1702. CONTENT OF PETITIONS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 2111(c)(1)(D) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300aa-11(c)(1)(D)) is amended by striking ‘and’ at the end and inserting ‘or (iii) suffered such illness, disability, injury, or condition from the vaccine which resulted in inpatient hospitalization and surgical intervention, and’.

    (b) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendment made by subsection (a) takes effect upon the date of the enactment of this Act, including with respect to petitions under section 2111 of the Public Health Service Act that are pending on such date.

TITLE XVIII--HEPATITIS C

SEC. 1801. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ‘Hepatitis C and Children Act of 2000’.

SEC. 1802. SURVEILLANCE AND EDUCATION REGARDING HEPATITIS C.

    Part B of title III of the Public Health Service Act, as amended by section 1601 of this Act, is amended by inserting after section 317N the following section:

‘SURVEILLANCE AND EDUCATION REGARDING HEPATITIS C VIRUS

    ‘SEC. 317O. (a) IN GENERAL- The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, may (directly and through grants to public and nonprofit private entities) provide for programs to carry out the following:

      ‘(1) To cooperate with the States in implementing a national system to determine the incidence and prevalence of cases of infection with hepatitis C virus, including the reporting of chronic hepatitis C cases.

      ‘(2) To identify and contact individuals who became infected with such virus as a result of receiving blood transfusions prior to July 1992 when the individuals were infants, small children, or adolescents.

      ‘(3) To provide appropriate referrals for counseling, testing, and medical treatment of individuals identified under paragraph (2) and to ensure, to the extent practicable, the provision of appropriate follow-up services.

      ‘(4) To develop and disseminate public information and education programs for the detection and control of hepatitis C, with priority given to recipients of blood transfusions; women who gave birth by caesarean section; children who were high-risk neonates; veterans of the Armed Forces; and health professionals.

      ‘(5) To improve the education, training, and skills of health professionals in the detection and control of cases of infection with hepatitis C, with priority given to pediatricians and other primary care physicians.

    ‘(b) LABORATORY PROCEDURES- The Secretary may (directly and through grants to public and nonprofit private entities) carry out programs to provide for improvements in the quality of clinical-laboratory procedures regarding hepatitis C, including reducing variability in laboratory results on hepatitis C antibody and PCR testing.

    ‘(c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.’.

TITLE XIX--NIH INITIATIVE ON AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES

SEC. 1901. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ‘NIH Autoimmune Diseases Initiative Act of 2000’.

SEC. 1902. JUVENILE DIABETES, JUVENILE ARTHRITIS, LUPUS, MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, AND OTHER AUTOIMMUNE-DISEASES; INITIATIVE THROUGH DIRECTOR OF NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH.

    Part B of title IV of the Public Health Service Act, as amended by section 1002 of this Act, is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES

    ‘SEC. 409E. (a) EXPANSION, INTENSIFICATION, AND COORDINATION OF ACTIVITIES-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Director of NIH shall expand, intensify, and coordinate research and other activities of the National Institutes of Health with respect to juvenile-onset diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erthematosus, multiple sclerosis, Sjo.AE4gren’s syndrome, scleroderma, chronic fatigue syndrome, Crohn’s disease and colitis (in this section referred to as ‘autoimmune diseases’).

      ‘(2) ALLOCATIONS BY DIRECTOR OF NIH- With respect to amounts appropriated to carry out this section for a fiscal year, the Director of NIH shall allocate the amounts among the national research institutes that are carrying out paragraph (1).

      ‘(3) ADDITIONAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS- In addition to the diseases or disorders specified in paragraph (1), the term ‘autoimmune disease’ includes for purposes of this section such other diseases or disorders as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.

    ‘(b) COORDINATING COMMITTEE-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall establish a committee to be known as Autoimmune Diseases Coordinating Committee (referred to in this subsection as the ‘Coordinating Committee’).

      ‘(2) DUTIES- The Coordinating Committee shall, with respect to autoimmune diseases--

        ‘(A) provide for the coordination of the activities of the national research institutes; and

        ‘(B) coordinate the aspects of all Federal health programs and activities relating to such diseases in order to assure the adequacy and technical soundness of such programs and activities and in order to provide for the full communication and exchange of information necessary to maintain adequate coordination of such programs and activities.

      ‘(3) COMPOSITION- The Coordinating Committee shall be composed of the directors of each of the national research institutes involved in research with respect to autoimmune diseases and representatives of all other Federal departments and agencies whose programs involve health functions or responsibilities relevant to such diseases, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug Administration.

      ‘(4) CHAIR- From among the members of the Coordinating Committee, the Committee shall designate an individual to serve as the chair of the Committee. With respect to autoimmune diseases, the Chair shall serve as the principal advisor to the Secretary, the Assistant Secretary for Health, and the Director of NIH, and shall provide advice to the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, and other relevant agencies.

      ‘(5) FULL-TIME STAFF- The Secretary shall ensure that the Coordinating Committee is staffed and supported by not fewer than three scientists or health professionals for whom such service is a full-time Federal position. The Secretary shall in addition ensure that the Committee is provided with such administrative staff and support as may be necessary to carry out the duties of the Committee.

    ‘(c) ADVISORY COUNCIL-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary shall establish an advisory council to be known as the Autoimmune Diseases Public Advisory Council (referred to in this subsection as the ‘Advisory Council’).

      ‘(2) DUTIES- The Advisory Council shall provide to the Director of NIH and the Coordinating Committee under subsection (b) recommendations on carrying out this section, including the plan under subsection (d).

      ‘(3) COMPOSITION- The Advisory Council shall be composed exclusively of not more than 18 members appointed to the Council by the Secretary from among individuals who are not officers or employees of the United States. The Secretary shall ensure that the membership of the Advisory Council includes--

        ‘(A) scientists or health professionals who are knowledgeable with respect to autoimmune diseases;

        ‘(B) representatives of autoimmune disease patient advocacy organizations, including organizations advocating on behalf of diseases affecting small patient populations; and

        ‘(C) patients and parents of children with such diseases, including autoimmune diseases affecting small patient populations.

    ‘(d) PLAN FOR NIH ACTIVITIES-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Coordinating Committee shall develop a plan for conducting and supporting research and education on autoimmune diseases through the national research institutes, shall review the plan not less frequently than once each fiscal year, and shall revise the plan as appropriate. The plan shall--

        ‘(A) provide for a broad range of research and education activities relating to biomedical, psychosocial, and rehabilitative issues, including studies of the disproportionate impact of such diseases on women; and

        ‘(B) establish priorities among the programs and activities of the National Institutes of Health regarding such diseases.

      ‘(2) CERTAIN ELEMENTS OF PLAN- The plan under paragraph (1) shall, with respect to autoimmune diseases, provide for the following:

        ‘(A) Research to determine the reasons underlying the incidence and prevalence of the diseases.

        ‘(B) Basic research concerning the etiology and causes of the diseases.

        ‘(C) Epidemiological studies to address the frequency and natural history of the diseases, including any differences among the sexes and among racial and ethnic groups.

        ‘(D) The development of improved screening techniques.

        ‘(E) Clinical research for the development and evaluation of new treatments, including new biological agents.

        ‘(F) Information and education programs for health care professionals and the public.

      ‘(3) RECOMMENDATIONS OF ADVISORY COUNCIL- In developing the plan under paragraph (1), and reviewing and revising the plan, the Coordinating Committee shall consider the recommendations of the Advisory Council regarding the plan.

      ‘(4) IMPLEMENTATION OF PLAN- The Director of NIH shall ensure that programs and activities of the National Institutes of Health regarding autoimmune diseases are implemented in accordance with the plan under paragraph (1).

    ‘(e) REPORTS TO CONGRESS- The Coordinating Committee under subsection (b)(1) shall annually submit to the Committee on Commerce of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions of the Senate, a report that describes the research, education, and other activities on autoimmune diseases being conducted or supported through the national research institutes, and that in addition includes the following:

      ‘(1) The plan under subsection (d)(1) (or revisions to the plan, as the case may be).

      ‘(2) The recommendations of the advisory council under subsection (c) regarding the plan (or revisions, as the case may be).

      ‘(3) Provisions specifying the amounts expended by the National Institues of Health with respect to each of the autoimmune diseases included in the plan.

      ‘(4) Provisions identifying particular projects or types of projects that should in the future be conducted or supported by the national research institutes or other entities in the field of research on autoimmune diseases.

    ‘(f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2005. The authorization of appropriations established in the preceding sentence is in addition to any other authorization of appropriations that is available for conducting or supporting through the National Institutes of Health research and other activities with respect to autoimmune diseases.’.

TITLE XX--GRADUATE MEDICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS IN CHILDREN’S HOSPITALS

SEC. 2001. EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 340E(f) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 256e(f)) is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (1)(A)--

        (A) in clause (i), by striking ‘and’ at the end;

        (B) in clause (ii), by striking the period and inserting ‘; and’; and

        (C) by adding at the end the following:

          ‘(iii) for each of the fiscal years 2002 through 2005, such sums as may be necessary.’; and

      (2) in paragraph (2)--

        (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘and’ at the end;

        (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period and inserting ‘; and’; and

        (C) by adding at the end the following:

        ‘(C) for each of the fiscal years 2002 through 2005, such sums as may be necessary.’.

TITLE XXI--SPECIAL NEEDS OF CHILDREN REGARDING ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION

SEC. 2101. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the ‘Pediatric Organ Transplantation Improvement Act of 2000’.

SEC. 2102. ORGAN PROCUREMENT AND TRANSPLANTATION NETWORK; AMENDMENTS REGARDING NEEDS OF CHILDREN.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 372(b)(2) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 274(b)(2)) is amended--

      (1) in subparagraph (J), by striking ‘and’ at the end;

      (2) in each of subparagraphs (K) and (L), by striking the period and inserting a comma; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following subparagraphs:

        ‘(M) recognize the differences in health and in organ transplantation issues between children and adults throughout the system and adopt criteria, polices, and procedures that address the unique health care needs of children,

        ‘(N) carry out studies and demonstration projects for the purpose of improving procedures for organ donation procurement and allocation, including but not limited to projects to examine and attempt to increase transplantation among populations with special needs, including children and individuals who are members of racial or ethnic minority groups, and among populations with limited access to transportation, and

        ‘(O) provide that for purposes of this paragraph, the term ‘children’ refers to individuals who are under the age of 18.’.

    (b) STUDY REGARDING IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE DRUGS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of Health and Human Services (referred to in this subsection as the ‘Secretary’) shall provide for a study to determine the costs of immunosuppressive drugs that are provided to children pursuant to organ transplants and to determine the extent to which health plans and health insurance cover such costs. The Secretary may carry out the study directly or through a grant to the Institute of Medicine (or other public or nonprofit private entity).

      (2) RECOMMENDATIONS REGARDING CERTAIN ISSUES- The Secretary shall ensure that, in addition to making determinations under paragraph (1), the study under such paragraph makes recommendations regarding the following issues:

        (A) The costs of immunosuppressive drugs that are provided to children pursuant to organ transplants and to determine the extent to which health plans, health insurance and government programs cover such costs.

        (B) The extent of denial of organs to be released for transplant by coroners and medical examiners.

        (C) The special growth and developmental issues that children have pre- and post- organ transplantation.

        (D) Other issues that are particular to the special health and transplantation needs of children.

      (3) REPORT- The Secretary shall ensure that, not later than December 31, 2000, the study under paragraph (1) is completed and a report describing the findings of the study is submitted to the Congress.

TITLE XXII--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

SEC. 2201. REPORT REGARDING RESEARCH ON RARE DISEASES IN CHILDREN.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the National Institutes of Health shall submit to the Congress a report on--

      (1) the activities that, during fiscal year 2000, were conducted and supported by such Institutes with respect to rare diseases in children, including Friedreich’s ataxia; and

      (2) the activities that are planned to be conducted and supported by such Institutes with respect to such diseases during the fiscal years 2001 through 2005.

TITLE XXIII--EFFECTIVE DATE

SEC. 2301. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    This Act and the amendments made by this Act take effect October 1, 2000, or upon the date of the enactment of this Act, whichever occurs later.