S. 1692 (106th): Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 1999

106th Congress, 1999–2000. Text as of Oct 21, 1999 (Passed the Senate (Engrossed)).

Status & Summary | PDF | Source: GPO

S 1692 ES

106th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 1692


AN ACT

To amend title 18, United States Code, to ban partial-birth abortions.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ‘Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 1999’.

SEC. 2. PROHIBITION ON PARTIAL-BIRTH ABORTIONS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 73 the following:

‘CHAPTER 74--PARTIAL-BIRTH ABORTIONS

      ‘Sec.

      ‘1531. Partial-birth abortions prohibited.

‘Sec. 1531. Partial-birth abortions prohibited

    ‘(a) Any physician who, in or affecting interstate or foreign commerce, knowingly performs a partial-birth abortion and thereby kills a human fetus shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than two years, or both. This paragraph shall not apply to a partial-birth abortion that is necessary to save the life of a mother whose life is endangered by a physical disorder, illness, or injury. This paragraph shall become effective one day after enactment.

    ‘(b)(1) As used in this section, the term ‘partial-birth abortion’ means an abortion in which the person performing the abortion deliberately and intentionally--

      ‘(A) vaginally delivers some portion of an intact living fetus until the fetus is partially outside the body of the mother, for the purpose of performing an overt act that the person knows will kill the fetus while the fetus is partially outside the body of the mother; and

      ‘(B) performs the overt act that kills the fetus while the intact living fetus is partially outside the body of the mother.

    ‘(2) As used in this section, the term ‘physician’ means a doctor of medicine or osteopathy legally authorized to practice medicine and surgery by the State in which the doctor performs such activity, or any other individual legally authorized by the State to perform abortions: Provided, however, That any individual who is not a physician or not otherwise legally authorized by the State to perform abortions, but who nevertheless directly performs a partial-birth abortion, shall be subject to the provisions of this section.

    ‘(c)(1) The father, if married to the mother at the time she receives a partial-birth abortion procedure, and if the mother has not attained the age of 18 years at the time of the abortion, the maternal grandparents of the fetus, may in a civil action obtain appropriate relief, unless the pregnancy resulted from the plaintiff’s criminal conduct or the plaintiff consented to the abortion.

    ‘(2) Such relief shall include--

      ‘(A) money damages for all injuries, psychological and physical, occasioned by the violation of this section; and

      ‘(B) statutory damages equal to three times the cost of the partial-birth abortion.

    ‘(d)(1) A defendant accused of an offense under this section may seek a hearing before the State Medical Board on whether the physician’s conduct was necessary to save the life of the mother whose life was endangered by a physical disorder, illness or injury.

    ‘(2) The findings on that issue are admissible on that issue at the trial of the defendant. Upon a motion of the defendant, the court shall delay the beginning of the trial for not more than 30 days to permit such a hearing to take place.

    ‘(e) A woman upon whom a partial-birth abortion is performed may not be prosecuted under this section, for a conspiracy to violate this section, or for an offense under section 2, 3, or 4 of this title based on a violation of this section.’.

    (b) CLERICAL AMENDMENT- The table of chapters for part I of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to chapter 73 the following new item:

1531’.

SEC. 3. SENSE OF CONGRESS CONCERNING ROE V. WADE AND PARTIAL BIRTH ABORTION BANS.

    (a) FINDINGS- Congress finds that--

      (1) abortion has been a legal and constitutionally protected medical procedure throughout the United States since the Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade (410 U.S. 113 (1973)); and

      (2) no partial birth abortion ban shall apply to a partial-birth abortion that is necessary to save the life of a mother whose life is endangered by a physical disorder, illness, or injury.

    (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS- It is the sense of the Congress that partial birth abortions are horrific and gruesome procedures that should be banned.

SEC. 4. SENSE OF CONGRESS CONCERNING A WOMAN’S LIFE AND HEALTH.

    It is the sense of the Congress that, consistent with the rulings of the Supreme Court, a woman’s life and health must always be protected in any reproductive health legislation passed by Congress.

SEC. 5. SENSE OF CONGRESS CONCERNING ROE V. WADE.

    (a) FINDINGS- Congress finds that--

      (1) reproductive rights are central to the ability of women to exercise their full rights under Federal and State law;

      (2) abortion has been a legal and constitutionally protected medical procedure throughout the United States since the Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade (410 U.S. 113 (1973));

      (3) the 1973 Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade established constitutionally based limits on the power of States to restrict the right of a woman to choose to terminate a pregnancy; and

      (4) women should not be forced into illegal and dangerous abortions as they often were prior to the Roe v. Wade decision.

    (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS- It is the sense of the Congress that--

      (1) Roe v. Wade was an appropriate decision and secures an important constitutional right; and

      (2) such decision should not be overturned.

Passed the Senate October 21, 1999.

Attest:

Secretary.

106th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 1692

AN ACT

To amend title 18, United States Code, to ban partial-birth abortions.