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H.R. 2733 (107th): Enterprise Integration Act of 2002

The text of the bill below is as of Aug 2, 2001 (Introduced).

HR 2733 IH


1st Session

H. R. 2733

To authorize the National Institute of Standards and Technology to work with major manufacturing industries on an initiative of standards development and implementation for electronic enterprise integration.


August 2, 2001

Mr. BARCIA (for himself and Mr. EHLERS) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Science


To authorize the National Institute of Standards and Technology to work with major manufacturing industries on an initiative of standards development and implementation for electronic enterprise integration.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,


    This Act may be cited as the ‘Enterprise Integration Act of 2001’.


    The Congress makes the following findings:

      (1) Over 90 percent of United States companies engaged in manufacturing are small and medium-sized businesses.

      (2) Most of these manufacturers produce goods for assemblage into products of large companies.

      (3) The emergence of the World Wide Web and the promulgation of international standards for product data exchange greatly accelerated the movement toward electronically integrated supply chains during the last half of the 1990’s.

      (4) A major Wall Street firm recently estimated that the adoption of electronic commerce-based supply chains in various manufacturing industries can reduce business costs from 10 percent to 40 percent.

      (5) European and Asian countries are investing heavily in electronic enterprise standards development, and in preparing their smaller manufacturers to do business in the new environment. European efforts are well advanced in the aerospace, automotive, and shipbuilding industries and are beginning in other industries including home building, furniture manufacturing, textiles, and apparel.

      (6) If United States manufacturers are to remain competitive, they must match their overseas competition by making sure that standards, including application protocols, developed for electronic business in their industry worldwide reflect their needs and the needs of their customers and suppliers.

      (7) Many American small and medium-sized manufacturers run the risk of losing their largest customers during the first half of this decade unless they adopt computer aided design, engineering, and manufacturing systems in their work places and learn how to participate with customers and suppliers in integrated electronic enterprises.

      (8) Application protocols are very complex standards, often running thousands of pages, and require the cooperation of entire industries for their development.

      (9) The National Institute of Standards and Technology, because of the electronic commerce expertise in its laboratories and quality program, its long history of working cooperatively with manufacturers, and the nationwide reach of its manufacturing extension program, is in a unique position to help United States large and smaller manufacturers alike in their responses to this challenge.

      (10) It is, therefore, in the national interest for the National Institute of Standards and Technology to accelerate its efforts--

        (A) in helping major manufacturing industries develop standards and enterprise integration processes that are necessary to increase efficiency and lower costs; and

        (B) in making sure that every small or medium-sized manufacturer has the option of upgrading its manufacturing capabilities to the point where it can be part of an electronic supply chain of a major manufacturing industry.


    (a) ESTABLISHMENT- The Director shall establish an initiative for advancing enterprise integration within the United States. In carrying out this section, the Director shall involve, as appropriate, the various units of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, including the National Institute of Standards and Technology laboratories, the Manufacturing Extension Partnership program established under sections 25 and 26 of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act (15 U.S.C. 278k and 278l), and the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Program. This initiative shall begin with product data management and build upon ongoing efforts of the National Institute of Standards and Technology and of the private sector, shall involve consortia that include government and industry, and shall be designed to permit enterprise integration in each United States major manufacturing industry at the earliest possible date.

    (b) ASSESSMENT- For each major manufacturing industry, the Director may work with industry representatives and organizations currently engaged in enterprise integration activities, and others as appropriate, to identify all enterprise integration standardization and implementation activities underway in the United States and abroad that impact that industry and to assess the current state of enterprise integration within that industry. The Director may assist such industry representatives and organizations in the development of roadmaps that identify the remaining steps needed to ensure that the standards, application protocols, and support for suppliers are in place to permit supply chains within the industry to operate as an integrated electronic enterprise. The roadmaps shall use voluntary consensus standards where possible. Working with such industry representatives and organizations to ensure that their needs are met, the National Institute of Standards and Technology shall develop milestones and anticipated costs by fiscal year for activities of the Federal Government in support of the roadmaps developed, and shall make those milestones and anticipated costs known to industry.

    (c) PLANS AND REPORTS- Within 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director shall report to the Congress on efforts made to publicize the availability of assistance under this section and on anticipated related activities of the National Institute of Standards and Technology for the then current fiscal year. Within 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Director shall submit to the Congress a report on the National Institute of Standards and Technology’s activities under subsection (b).

    (d) AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES- In order to carry out this Act and the plans prepared under subsection (c), the Director may--

      (1) work with companies and trade associations within a major manufacturing industry to raise awareness of enterprise integration activities in the United States and abroad, including convening meetings;

      (2) work with an industry on the development of enterprise integration roadmaps;

      (3) support the development, testing, promulgation, and adoption of standards, including application protocols;

      (4) support the development, promulgation, integration, and upgrading of standards related to enterprise integration;

      (5) support pilot projects that include small and medium-sized businesses for new standards and enterprise integration;

      (6) ensure the training and regular upgrading of skills of Manufacturing Extension Program employees;

      (7) develop tool kits and employee training materials and take other steps necessary to permit small and medium-sized businesses to participate in an integrated enterprise; and

      (8) set up legal and financial mechanisms to permit groups of Manufacturing Extension Program centers to work collectively on modernizing and integrating a company’s or industry’s supply chain.


    For purposes of this Act--

      (1) the term ‘automotive’ means land-based engine-powered vehicles including automobiles, trucks, busses, trains, defense vehicles, farm equipment, and motorcycles;

      (2) the term ‘Director’ means the Director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology;

      (3) the term ‘enterprise integration’ means the electronic linkage of manufacturers, assemblers, suppliers, and customers to enable the electronic exchange of product, manufacturing, and other business data among all partners in a product supply chain, and such term includes related application protocols and other related standards;

      (4) the term ‘major manufacturing industry’ includes the aerospace, automotive, electronics, shipbuilding, construction, home building, furniture, textile, and apparel industries and such other industries as the Director designates; and

      (5) the term ‘National Institute of Standards and Technology laboratories’ means those institutes of the National Institute of Standards and Technology with expertise in electronic commerce, including the Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory, the Building and Fire Research Laboratory, and the Information Technology Laboratory.


    There are authorized to be appropriated to the Director to carry out functions under this Act $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2002, $15,000,000 for fiscal year 2003, and such sums as may be necessary for subsequent fiscal years.