< Back to H.R. 3182 (107th Congress, 2001–2002)

Text of the Trooper Timothy Mossbruker Memorial Act

This bill was introduced on October 30, 2001, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted. The text of the bill below is as of Oct 30, 2001 (Introduced).

Source: GPO

HR 3182 IH

107th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 3182

To regulate certain 50 caliber sniper weapons in the same manner as machine guns and other firearms.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

October 30, 2001

Mr. BLAGOJEVICH (for himself and Mr. WAXMAN) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Ways and Means, and in addition to the Committee on the Judiciary, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned


A BILL

To regulate certain 50 caliber sniper weapons in the same manner as machine guns and other firearms.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ‘Trooper Timothy Mossbruker Memorial Act’.

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

    The Congress finds that--

      (1) certain firearms originally designed and built for use as long-range 50 caliber military sniper weapons are increasingly sold in the domestic civilian market, and there are fewer legal restrictions on their possession or transfer than there are on handguns;

      (2) the intended use of these long-range firearms, and an increasing number of models derived directly from them, is the taking of human life and the destruction of materiel, including armored vehicles and such components of the national critical infrastructure as radars and microwave transmission devices;

      (3) these firearms are neither designed nor used in any significant number for legitimate sporting or hunting purposes and are clearly distinguishable from rifles intended for sporting and hunting use;

      (4) extraordinarily destructive ammunition for these weapons, including armor-piercing and armor-piercing incendiary ammunition, is freely sold in interstate commerce; and

      (5) the virtually unrestricted availability of these firearms and ammunition, given the uses intended in their design and manufacture, present a serious and substantial threat to the national security.

SEC. 3. COVERAGE OF 50 CALIBER SNIPER WEAPONS UNDER NATIONAL FIREARMS ACT.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Subsection (a) of section 5845 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (defining firearm) is amended by striking ‘(6) a machine gun; (7) any silencer (as defined in section 921 of title 18, United States Code); and (8) a destructive device.’ and inserting ‘(6) a 50 caliber sniper weapon; (7) a machine gun; (8) any silencer (as defined in section 921 of title 18, United States Code); and (9) a destructive device.’

    (b) 50 CALIBER SNIPER WEAPON-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Section 5845 of such Code is amended by redesignating subsections (d) through (m) as subsections (e) through (n), respectively, and by inserting after subsection (c) the following new subsection:

    ‘(d) 50 CALIBER SNIPER WEAPON- The term ‘50 caliber sniper weapon’ means a rifle capable of firing a center-fire cartridge in 50 caliber, .50 BMG caliber, any other variant of 50 caliber, or any metric equivalent of such calibers.’

      (2) MODIFICATION TO DEFINITION OF RIFLE- Subsection (c) of section 5845 of such Code is amended by inserting ‘or from a bipod or other support’ after ‘shoulder’.

    (c) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by this section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 4. COVERAGE OF 50 CALIBER SNIPER WEAPONS UNDER THE GUN CONTROL ACT OF 1968.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 922 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(z)(1) It shall be unlawful for any person to transfer or possess a 50 caliber sniper weapon.

    ‘(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply with respect to--

      ‘(A) a transfer to or by, or possession by or under the authority of, the United States or any department or agency thereof or a State, or a department, agency, or political subdivision thereof; or

      ‘(B) any otherwise lawful transfer or otherwise lawful possession of a 50 caliber sniper weapon that was lawfully possessed before the date this subsection takes effect.’.

    (b) 50 CALIBER SNIPER WEAPON DEFINED- Section 921(a) of such title is amended by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(35) The term ‘50 caliber sniper weapon’ has the meaning given such term in section 5845(d) of the National Firearms Act (26 U.S.C. 5845(d)).’.

    (c) PENALTIES- Section 924(a)(2) of such title is amended by striking ‘or (o)’ and inserting ‘(o), or (z)’.