H.R. 3525 (107th): Enhanced Border Security and Visa Entry Reform Act of 2002

107th Congress, 2001–2002. Text as of May 10, 2002 (Passed Congress/Enrolled Bill).

Status & Summary | PDF | Source: GPO

H.R.3525

One Hundred Seventh Congress

of the

United States of America

AT THE SECOND SESSION

Begun and held at the City of Washington on Wednesday,

the twenty-third day of January, two thousand and two

An Act

To enhance the border security of the United States, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    (a) SHORT TITLE- This Act may be cited as the ‘Enhanced Border Security and Visa Entry Reform Act of 2002’.

    (b) TABLE OF CONTENTS- The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

      Sec. 1. Short title.

      Sec. 2. Definitions.

TITLE I--FUNDING

      Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations for hiring and training Government personnel.

      Sec. 102. Authorization of appropriations for improvements in technology and infrastructure.

      Sec. 103. Machine-readable visa fees.

TITLE II--INTERAGENCY INFORMATION SHARING

      Sec. 201. Interim measures for access to and coordination of law enforcement and other information.

      Sec. 202. Interoperable law enforcement and intelligence data system with name-matching capacity and training.

      Sec. 203. Commission on interoperable data sharing.

      Sec. 204. Personnel management authorities for positions involved in the development and implementation of the interoperable electronic data system (‘Chimera system’).

TITLE III--VISA ISSUANCE

      Sec. 301. Electronic provision of visa files.

      Sec. 302. Implementation of an integrated entry and exit data system.

      Sec. 303. Machine-readable, tamper-resistant entry and exit documents.

      Sec. 304. Terrorist lookout committees.

      Sec. 305. Improved training for consular officers.

      Sec. 306. Restriction on issuance of visas to nonimmigrants who are from countries that are state sponsors of international terrorism.

      Sec. 307. Designation of program countries under the Visa Waiver Program.

      Sec. 308. Tracking system for stolen passports.

      Sec. 309. Identification documents for certain newly admitted aliens.

TITLE IV--INSPECTION AND ADMISSION OF ALIENS

      Sec. 401. Study of the feasibility of a North American National Security Program.

      Sec. 402. Passenger manifests.

      Sec. 403. Time period for inspections.

      Sec. 404. Joint United States-Canada projects for alternative inspections services.

TITLE V--FOREIGN STUDENTS AND EXCHANGE VISITORS

      Sec. 501. Foreign student monitoring program.

      Sec. 502. Review of institutions and other entities authorized to enroll or sponsor certain nonimmigrants.

TITLE VI--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

      Sec. 601. Extension of deadline for improvement in border crossing identification cards.

      Sec. 602. General Accounting Office study.

      Sec. 603. International cooperation.

      Sec. 604. Statutory construction.

      Sec. 605. Report on aliens who fail to appear after release on own recognizance.

      Sec. 606. Retention of nonimmigrant visa applications by the Department of State.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:

      (1) ALIEN- The term ‘alien’ has the meaning given the term in section 101(a)(3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(3)).

      (2) APPROPRIATE COMMITTEES OF CONGRESS- The term ‘appropriate committees of Congress’ means the following:

        (A) The Committee on the Judiciary, the Select Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.

        (B) The Committee on the Judiciary, the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee on International Relations of the House of Representatives.

      (3) CHIMERA SYSTEM- The term ‘Chimera system’ means the interoperable electronic data system required to be developed and implemented by section 202(a)(2).

      (4) FEDERAL LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES- The term ‘Federal law enforcement agencies’ means the following:

        (A) The United States Secret Service.

        (B) The Drug Enforcement Administration.

        (C) The Federal Bureau of Investigation.

        (D) The Immigration and Naturalization Service.

        (E) The United States Marshall Service.

        (F) The Naval Criminal Investigative Service.

        (G) The Coastal Security Service.

        (H) The Diplomatic Security Service.

        (I) The United States Postal Inspection Service.

        (J) The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms.

        (K) The United States Customs Service.

        (L) The National Park Service.

      (5) INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY- The term ‘intelligence community’ has the meaning given that term in section 3(4) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a(4)).

      (6) PRESIDENT- The term ‘President’ means the President of the United States, acting through the Assistant to the President for Homeland Security, in coordination with the Secretary of State, the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization, the Attorney General, the Director of Central Intelligence, the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Secretary of Transportation, the Commissioner of Customs, and the Secretary of the Treasury.

      (7) USA PATRIOT ACT- The term ‘USA PATRIOT Act’ means the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT ACT) Act of 2001 (Public Law 107-56).

TITLE I--FUNDING

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR HIRING AND TRAINING GOVERNMENT PERSONNEL.

    (a) ADDITIONAL PERSONNEL-

      (1) INS INSPECTORS- Subject to the availability of appropriations, during each of the fiscal years 2003 through 2006, the Attorney General shall increase the number of inspectors and associated support staff in the Immigration and Naturalization Service by the equivalent of at least 200 full-time employees over the number of inspectors and associated support staff in the Immigration and Naturalization Service authorized by the USA PATRIOT Act.

      (2) INS INVESTIGATIVE PERSONNEL- Subject to the availability of appropriations, during each of the fiscal years 2003 through 2006, the Attorney General shall increase the number of investigative and associated support staff of the Immigration and Naturalization Service by the equivalent of at least 200 full-time employees over the number of investigators and associated support staff in the Immigration and Naturalization Service authorized by the USA PATRIOT Act.

      (3) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this subsection, including such sums as may be necessary to provide facilities, attorney personnel and support staff, and other resources needed to support the increased number of inspectors, investigative staff, and associated support staff.

    (b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR INS STAFFING-

      (1) IN GENERAL- There are authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Justice such sums as may be necessary to provide an increase in the annual rate of basic pay effective October 1, 2002--

        (A) for all journeyman Border Patrol agents and inspectors who have completed at least one year’s service and are receiving an annual rate of basic pay for positions at GS-9 of the General Schedule under section 5332 of title 5, United States Code, from the annual rate of basic pay payable for positions at GS-9 of the General Schedule under such section 5332, to an annual rate of basic pay payable for positions at GS-11 of the General Schedule under such section 5332;

        (B) for inspections assistants, from the annual rate of basic pay payable for positions at GS-5 of the General Schedule under section 5332 of title 5, United States Code, to an annual rate of basic pay payable for positions at GS-7 of the General Schedule under such section 5332; and

        (C) for the support staff associated with the personnel described in subparagraphs (A) and (B), at the appropriate GS level of the General Schedule under such section 5332.

    (c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR TRAINING- There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary--

      (1) to appropriately train Immigration and Naturalization Service personnel on an ongoing basis--

        (A) to ensure that their proficiency levels are acceptable to protect the borders of the United States; and

        (B) otherwise to enforce and administer the laws within their jurisdiction;

      (2) to provide adequate continuing cross-training to agencies staffing the United States border and ports of entry to effectively and correctly apply applicable United States laws;

      (3) to fully train immigration officers to use the appropriate lookout databases and to monitor passenger traffic patterns; and

      (4) to expand the Carrier Consultant Program described in section 235(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1225A(b)).

    (d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR CONSULAR FUNCTIONS-

      (1) RESPONSIBILITIES- The Secretary of State shall--

        (A) implement enhanced security measures for the review of visa applicants;

        (B) staff the facilities and programs associated with the activities described in subparagraph (A); and

        (C) provide ongoing training for consular officers and diplomatic security agents.

      (2) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated for the Department of State such sums as may be necessary to carry out paragraph (1).

SEC. 102. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR IMPROVEMENTS IN TECHNOLOGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE.

    (a) FUNDING OF TECHNOLOGY-

      (1) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- In addition to funds otherwise available for such purpose, there are authorized to be appropriated $150,000,000 to the Immigration and Naturalization Service for purposes of--

        (A) making improvements in technology (including infrastructure support, computer security, and information technology development) for improving border security;

        (B) expanding, utilizing, and improving technology to improve border security; and

        (C) facilitating the flow of commerce and persons at ports of entry, including improving and expanding programs for preenrollment and preclearance.

      (2) WAIVER OF FEES- Federal agencies involved in border security may waive all or part of enrollment fees for technology-based programs to encourage participation by United States citizens and aliens in such programs. Any agency that waives any part of any such fee may establish its fees for other services at a level that will ensure the recovery from other users of the amounts waived.

      (3) OFFSET OF INCREASES IN FEES- The Attorney General may, to the extent reasonable, increase land border fees for the issuance of arrival-departure documents to offset technology costs.

    (b) IMPROVEMENT AND EXPANSION OF INS, STATE DEPARTMENT, AND CUSTOMS FACILITIES- There are authorized to be appropriated to the Immigration and Naturalization Service and the Department of State such sums as may be necessary to improve and expand facilities for use by the personnel of those agencies.

SEC. 103. MACHINE-READABLE VISA FEES.

    (a) RELATION TO SUBSEQUENT AUTHORIZATION ACTS- Section 140(a) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236) is amended by striking paragraph (3).

    (b) FEE AMOUNT- The machine-readable visa fee charged by the Department of State shall be the higher of $65 or the cost of the machine-readable visa service, as determined by the Secretary of State after conducting a study of the cost of such service.

    (c) SURCHARGE- The Department of State is authorized to charge a surcharge of $10, in addition to the machine-readable visa fee, for issuing a machine-readable visa in a nonmachine-readable passport.

    (d) AVAILABILITY OF COLLECTED FEES- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, amounts collected as fees described in this section shall be credited as an offsetting collection to any appropriation for the Department of State to recover costs of providing consular services. Amounts so credited shall be available, until expended, for the same purposes as the appropriation to which credited.

TITLE II--INTERAGENCY INFORMATION SHARING

SEC. 201. INTERIM MEASURES FOR ACCESS TO AND COORDINATION OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AND OTHER INFORMATION.

    (a) INTERIM DIRECTIVE- Until the plan required by subsection (c) is implemented, Federal law enforcement agencies and the intelligence community shall, to the maximum extent practicable, share any information with the Department of State and the Immigration and Naturalization Service relevant to the admissibility and deportability of aliens, consistent with the plan described in subsection (c).

    (b) REPORT IDENTIFYING LAW ENFORCEMENT AND INTELLIGENCE INFORMATION-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report identifying Federal law enforcement and the intelligence community information needed by the Department of State to screen visa applicants, or by the Immigration and Naturalization Service to screen applicants for admission to the United States, and to identify those aliens inadmissible or deportable under the Immigration and Nationality Act.

      (2) REPEAL- Section 414(d) of the USA PATRIOT Act is hereby repealed.

    (c) COORDINATION PLAN-

      (1) REQUIREMENT FOR PLAN- Not later than one year after the date of enactment of the USA PATRIOT Act, the President shall develop and implement a plan based on the findings of the report under subsection (b) that requires Federal law enforcement agencies and the intelligence community to provide to the Department of State and the Immigration and Naturalization Service all information identified in that report as expeditiously as practicable.

      (2) CONSULTATION REQUIREMENT- In the preparation and implementation of the plan under this subsection, the President shall consult with the appropriate committees of Congress.

      (3) PROTECTIONS REGARDING INFORMATION AND USES THEREOF- The plan under this subsection shall establish conditions for using the information described in subsection (b) received by the Department of State and Immigration and Naturalization Service--

        (A) to limit the redissemination of such information;

        (B) to ensure that such information is used solely to determine whether to issue a visa to an alien or to determine the admissibility or deportability of an alien to the United States, except as otherwise authorized under Federal law;

        (C) to ensure the accuracy, security, and confidentiality of such information;

        (D) to protect any privacy rights of individuals who are subjects of such information;

        (E) to provide data integrity through the timely removal and destruction of obsolete or erroneous names and information; and

        (F) in a manner that protects the sources and methods used to acquire intelligence information as required by section 103(c)(6) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 403-3(c)(6)).

      (4) CRIMINAL PENALTIES FOR MISUSE OF INFORMATION- Any person who obtains information under this subsection without authorization or exceeding authorized access (as defined in section 1030(e) of title 18, United States Code), and who uses such information in the manner described in any of the paragraphs (1) through (7) of section 1030(a) of such title, or attempts to use such information in such manner, shall be subject to the same penalties as are applicable under section 1030(c) of such title for violation of that paragraph.

      (5) ADVANCING DEADLINES FOR A TECHNOLOGY STANDARD AND REPORT- Section 403(c) of the USA PATRIOT Act is amended--

        (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘2 years’ and inserting ‘15 months’; and

        (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ‘18 months’ and inserting ‘one year’.

SEC. 202. INTEROPERABLE LAW ENFORCEMENT AND INTELLIGENCE DATA SYSTEM WITH NAME-MATCHING CAPACITY AND TRAINING.

    (a) INTEROPERABLE LAW ENFORCEMENT AND INTELLIGENCE ELECTRONIC DATA SYSTEM-

      (1) REQUIREMENT FOR INTEGRATED IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION DATA SYSTEM- The Immigration and Naturalization Service shall fully integrate all databases and data systems maintained by the Service that process or contain information on aliens. The fully integrated data system shall be an interoperable component of the electronic data system described in paragraph (2).

      (2) REQUIREMENT FOR INTEROPERABLE DATA SYSTEM- Upon the date of commencement of implementation of the plan required by section 201(c), the President shall develop and implement an interoperable electronic data system to provide current and immediate access to information in databases of Federal law enforcement agencies and the intelligence community that is relevant to determine whether to issue a visa or to determine the admissibility or deportability of an alien (also known as the ‘Chimera system’).

      (3) CONSULTATION REQUIREMENT- In the development and implementation of the data system under this subsection, the President shall consult with the Director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and any such other agency as may be deemed appropriate.

      (4) TECHNOLOGY STANDARD-

        (A) IN GENERAL- The data system developed and implemented under this subsection, and the databases referred to in paragraph (2), shall utilize the technology standard established pursuant to section 403(c) of the USA PATRIOT Act, as amended by section 201(c)(5) and subparagraph (B).

        (B) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 403(c) of the USA PATRIOT Act, as amended by section 201(c)(5), is further amended--

          (i) in paragraph (1), by inserting ‘, including appropriate biometric identifier standards,’ after ‘technology standard’; and

          (ii) in paragraph (2) --

            (I) by striking ‘INTEGRATED’ and inserting ‘INTEROPERABLE’; and

            (II) by striking ‘integrated’ and inserting ‘interoperable’.

      (5) ACCESS TO INFORMATION IN DATA SYSTEM- Subject to paragraph (6), information in the data system under this subsection shall be readily and easily accessible--

        (A) to any consular officer responsible for the issuance of visas;

        (B) to any Federal official responsible for determining an alien’s admissibility to or deportability from the United States; and

        (C) to any Federal law enforcement or intelligence officer determined by regulation to be responsible for the investigation or identification of aliens.

      (6) LIMITATION ON ACCESS- The President shall, in accordance with applicable Federal laws, establish procedures to restrict access to intelligence information in the data system under this subsection, and the databases referred to in paragraph (2), under circumstances in which such information is not to be disclosed directly to Government officials under paragraph (5).

    (b) NAME-SEARCH CAPACITY AND SUPPORT-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The interoperable electronic data system required by subsection (a) shall--

        (A) have the capacity to compensate for disparate name formats among the different databases referred to in subsection (a);

        (B) be searchable on a linguistically sensitive basis;

        (C) provide adequate user support;

        (D) to the extent practicable, utilize commercially available technology; and

        (E) be adjusted and improved, based upon experience with the databases and improvements in the underlying technologies and sciences, on a continuing basis.

      (2) LINGUISTICALLY SENSITIVE SEARCHES-

        (A) IN GENERAL- To satisfy the requirement of paragraph (1)(B), the interoperable electronic database shall be searchable based on linguistically sensitive algorithms that--

          (i) account for variations in name formats and transliterations, including varied spellings and varied separation or combination of name elements, within a particular language; and

          (ii) incorporate advanced linguistic, mathematical, statistical, and anthropological research and methods.

        (B) LANGUAGES REQUIRED-

          (i) PRIORITY LANGUAGES- Linguistically sensitive algorithms shall be developed and implemented for no fewer than 4 languages designated as high priorities by the Secretary of State, after consultation with the Attorney General and the Director of Central Intelligence.

          (ii) IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE- Of the 4 linguistically sensitive algorithms required to be developed and implemented under clause (i)--

            (I) the highest priority language algorithms shall be implemented within 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act; and

            (II) an additional language algorithm shall be implemented each succeeding year for the next three years.

      (3) ADEQUATE USER SUPPORT- The Secretary of State and the Attorney General shall jointly prescribe procedures to ensure that consular and immigration officers can, as required, obtain assistance in resolving identity and other questions that may arise about the names of aliens seeking visas or admission to the United States that may be subject to variations in format, transliteration, or other similar phenomenon.

      (4) INTERIM REPORTS- Six months after the date of enactment of this Act, the President shall submit a report to the appropriate committees of Congress on the progress in implementing each requirement of this section.

      (5) REPORTS BY INTELLIGENCE AGENCIES-

        (A) CURRENT STANDARDS- Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of Central Intelligence shall complete the survey and issue the report previously required by section 309(a) of the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998 (50 U.S.C. 403-3 note).

        (B) GUIDELINES- Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of Central Intelligence shall issue the guidelines and submit the copy of those guidelines previously required by section 309(b) of the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998 (50 U.S.C. 403-3 note).

      (6) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this subsection.

SEC. 203. COMMISSION ON INTEROPERABLE DATA SHARING.

    (a) ESTABLISHMENT- Not later than one year after the date of enactment of the USA PATRIOT Act, the President shall establish a Commission on Interoperable Data Sharing (in this section referred to as the ‘Commission’). The purposes of the Commission shall be to--

      (1) monitor the protections described in section 201(c)(3);

      (2) provide oversight of the interoperable electronic data system described in section 202; and

      (3) report to Congress annually on the Commission’s findings and recommendations.

    (b) COMPOSITION- The Commission shall consist of nine members, who shall be appointed by the President, as follows:

      (1) One member, who shall serve as Chair of the Commission.

      (2) Eight members, who shall be appointed from a list of nominees jointly provided by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives, the Majority Leader of the Senate, and the Minority Leader of the Senate.

    (c) CONSIDERATIONS- The Commission shall consider recommendations regarding the following issues:

      (1) Adequate protection of privacy concerns inherent in the design, implementation, or operation of the interoperable electronic data system.

      (2) Timely adoption of security innovations, consistent with generally accepted security standards, to protect the integrity and confidentiality of information to prevent the risks of accidental or unauthorized loss, access, destruction, use modification, or disclosure of information.

      (3) The adequacy of mechanisms to permit the timely correction of errors in data maintained by the interoperable data system.

      (4) Other protections against unauthorized use of data to guard against the misuse of the interoperable data system or the data maintained by the system, including recommendations for modifications to existing laws and regulations to sanction misuse of the system.

    (d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated to the Commission such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section.

SEC. 204. PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT AUTHORITIES FOR POSITIONS INVOLVED IN THE DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE INTEROPERABLE ELECTRONIC DATA SYSTEM (‘CHIMERA SYSTEM’).

    (a) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding any other provision of law relating to position classification or employee pay or performance, the Attorney General may hire and fix the compensation of necessary scientific, technical, engineering, and other analytical personnel for the purpose of the development and implementation of the interoperable electronic data system described in section 202(a)(2) (also known as the ‘Chimera system’).

    (b) LIMITATION ON RATE OF PAY- Except as otherwise provided by law, no employee compensated under subsection (a) may be paid at a rate in excess of the rate payable for a position at level III of the Executive Schedule.

    (c) LIMITATION ON TOTAL CALENDAR YEAR PAYMENTS- Total payments to employees under any system established under this section shall be subject to the limitation on payments to employees under section 5307 of title 5, United States Code.

    (d) OPERATING PLAN- Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall submit to the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on the Judiciary, the Select Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on the Judiciary, the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee on International Relations of the House of Representatives an operating plan--

      (1) describing the Attorney General’s intended use of the authority under this section; and

      (2) identifying any provisions of title 5, United States Code, being waived for purposes of the development and implementation of the Chimera system.

    (e) TERMINATION DATE- The authority of this section shall terminate upon the implementation of the Chimera system.

TITLE III--VISA ISSUANCE

SEC. 301. ELECTRONIC PROVISION OF VISA FILES.

    Section 221(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1201(a)) is amended--

      (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively;

      (2) by inserting ‘(1)’ immediately after ‘(a)’; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following:

    ‘(2) The Secretary of State shall provide to the Service an electronic version of the visa file of each alien who has been issued a visa to ensure that the data in that visa file is available to immigration inspectors at the United States ports of entry before the arrival of the alien at such a port of entry.’.

SEC. 302. IMPLEMENTATION OF AN INTEGRATED ENTRY AND EXIT DATA SYSTEM.

    (a) DEVELOPMENT OF SYSTEM- In developing the integrated entry and exit data system for the ports of entry, as required by the Immigration and Naturalization Service Data Management Improvement Act of 2000 (Public Law 106-215), the Attorney General and the Secretary of State shall--

      (1) implement, fund, and use a technology standard under section 403(c) of the USA PATRIOT Act (as amended by sections 201(c)(5) and 202(a)(4)(B)) at United States ports of entry and at consular posts abroad;

      (2) establish a database containing the arrival and departure data from machine-readable visas, passports, and other travel and entry documents possessed by aliens; and

      (3) make interoperable all security databases relevant to making determinations of admissibility under section 212 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182).

    (b) IMPLEMENTATION- In implementing the provisions of subsection (a), the Immigration and Naturalization Service and the Department of State shall--

      (1) utilize technologies that facilitate the lawful and efficient cross-border movement of commerce and persons without compromising the safety and security of the United States; and

      (2) consider implementing the North American National Security Program described in section 401.

SEC. 303. MACHINE-READABLE, TAMPER-RESISTANT ENTRY AND EXIT DOCUMENTS.

    (a) REPORT-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General, the Secretary of State, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), acting jointly, shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a comprehensive report assessing the actions that will be necessary, and the considerations to be taken into account, to achieve fully, not later than October 26, 2004--

        (A) implementation of the requirements of subsections (b) and (c); and

        (B) deployment of the equipment and software to allow biometric comparison and authentication of the documents described in subsections (b) and (c).

      (2) ESTIMATES- In addition to the assessment required by paragraph (1), the report required by that paragraph shall include an estimate of the costs to be incurred, and the personnel, man-hours, and other support required, by the Department of Justice, the Department of State, and NIST to achieve the objectives of subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1).

    (b) REQUIREMENTS-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than October 26, 2004, the Attorney General and the Secretary of State shall issue to aliens only machine-readable, tamper-resistant visas and other travel and entry documents that use biometric identifiers. The Attorney General and the Secretary of State shall jointly establish document authentication standards and biometric identifiers standards to be employed on such visas and other travel and entry documents from among those biometric identifiers recognized by domestic and international standards organizations.

      (2) READERS AND SCANNERS AT PORTS OF ENTRY-

        (A) IN GENERAL- Not later than October 26, 2004, the Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall install at all ports of entry of the United States equipment and software to allow biometric comparison and authentication of all United States visas and other travel and entry documents issued to aliens, and passports issued pursuant to subsection (c)(1).

        (B) USE OF READERS AND SCANNERS- The Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall utilize biometric data readers and scanners that--

          (i) domestic and international standards organizations determine to be highly accurate when used to verify identity;

          (ii) can read the biometric identifiers utilized under subsections (b)(1) and (c)(1); and

          (iii) can authenticate the document presented to verify identity.

      (3) USE OF TECHNOLOGY STANDARD- The systems employed to implement paragraphs (1) and (2) shall utilize the technology standard established pursuant to section 403(c) of the USA PATRIOT Act, as amended by section 201(c)(5) and 202(a)(4)(B).

    (c) TECHNOLOGY STANDARD FOR VISA WAIVER PARTICIPANTS-

      (1) CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENT- Not later than October 26, 2004, the government of each country that is designated to participate in the visa waiver program established under section 217 of the Immigration and Nationality Act shall certify, as a condition for designation or continuation of that designation, that it has a program to issue to its nationals machine-readable passports that are tamper-resistant and incorporate biometric and document authentication identifiers that comply with applicable biometric and document identifying standards established by the International Civil Aviation Organization. This paragraph shall not be construed to rescind the requirement of section 217(a)(3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act.

      (2) USE OF TECHNOLOGY STANDARD- On and after October 26, 2004, any alien applying for admission under the visa waiver program under section 217 of the Immigration and Nationality Act shall present a passport that meets the requirements of paragraph (1) unless the alien’s passport was issued prior to that date.

    (d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section, including reimbursement to international and domestic standards organizations.

SEC. 304. TERRORIST LOOKOUT COMMITTEES.

    (a) ESTABLISHMENT- The Secretary of State shall require a terrorist lookout committee to be maintained within each United States mission to a foreign country.

    (b) PURPOSE- The purpose of each committee established under subsection (a) shall be--

      (1) to utilize the cooperative resources of all elements of the United States mission in the country in which the consular post is located to identify known or potential terrorists and to develop information on those individuals;

      (2) to ensure that such information is routinely and consistently brought to the attention of appropriate United States officials for use in administering the immigration laws of the United States; and

      (3) to ensure that the names of known and suspected terrorists are entered into the appropriate lookout databases.

    (c) COMPOSITION; CHAIR- The Secretary shall establish rules governing the composition of such committees.

    (d) MEETINGS- Each committee established under subsection (a) shall meet at least monthly to share information pertaining to the committee’s purpose as described in subsection (b)(2).

    (e) PERIODIC REPORTS TO THE SECRETARY OF STATE- Each committee established under subsection (a) shall submit monthly reports to the Secretary of State describing the committee’s activities, whether or not information on known or suspected terrorists was developed during the month.

    (f) REPORTS TO CONGRESS- The Secretary of State shall submit a report on a quarterly basis to the appropriate committees of Congress on the status of the committees established under subsection (a).

    (g) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to implement this section.

SEC. 305. IMPROVED TRAINING FOR CONSULAR OFFICERS.

    (a) TRAINING- The Secretary of State shall require that all consular officers responsible for adjudicating visa applications, before undertaking to perform consular responsibilities, receive specialized training in the effective screening of visa applicants who pose a potential threat to the safety or security of the United States. Such officers shall be specially and extensively trained in the identification of aliens inadmissible under section 212(a)(3) (A) and (B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, interagency and international intelligence sharing regarding terrorists and terrorism, and cultural-sensitivity toward visa applicants.

    (b) USE OF FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE INFORMATION- As an ongoing component of the training required in subsection (a), the Secretary of State shall coordinate with the Assistant to the President for Homeland Security, Federal law enforcement agencies, and the intelligence community to compile and disseminate to the Bureau of Consular Affairs reports, bulletins, updates, and other current unclassified information relevant to terrorists and terrorism and to screening visa applicants who pose a potential threat to the safety or security of the United States.

    (c) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to implement this section.

SEC. 306. RESTRICTION ON ISSUANCE OF VISAS TO NONIMMIGRANTS FROM COUNTRIES THAT ARE STATE SPONSORS OF INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM.

    (a) IN GENERAL- No nonimmigrant visa under section 101(a)(15) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)) shall be issued to any alien from a country that is a state sponsor of international terrorism unless the Secretary of State determines, in consultation with the Attorney General and the heads of other appropriate United States agencies, that such alien does not pose a threat to the safety or national security of the United States. In making a determination under this subsection, the Secretary of State shall apply standards developed by the Secretary of State, in consultation with the Attorney General and the heads of other appropriate United States agencies, that are applicable to the nationals of such states.

    (b) STATE SPONSOR OF INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM DEFINED-

      (1) IN GENERAL- In this section, the term ‘state sponsor of international terrorism’ means any country the government of which has been determined by the Secretary of State under any of the laws specified in paragraph (2) to have repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism.

      (2) LAWS UNDER WHICH DETERMINATIONS WERE MADE- The laws specified in this paragraph are the following:

        (A) Section 6(j)(1)(A) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (or successor statute).

        (B) Section 40(d) of the Arms Export Control Act.

        (C) Section 620A(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.

SEC. 307. DESIGNATION OF PROGRAM COUNTRIES UNDER THE VISA WAIVER PROGRAM.

    (a) REPORTING PASSPORT THEFTS- Section 217 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1187) is amended--

      (1) by adding at the end of subsection (c)(2) the following new subparagraph:

        ‘(D) REPORTING PASSPORT THEFTS- The government of the country certifies that it reports to the United States Government on a timely basis the theft of blank passports issued by that country.’; and

      (2) in subsection (c)(5)(A)(i), by striking ‘5 years’ and inserting ‘2 years’; and

      (3) by adding at the end of subsection (f) the following new paragraph:

      ‘(5) FAILURE TO REPORT PASSPORT THEFTS- If the Attorney General and the Secretary of State jointly determine that the program country is not reporting the theft of blank passports, as required by subsection (c)(2)(D), the Attorney General shall terminate the designation of the country as a program country.’.

    (b) CHECK OF LOOKOUT DATABASES- Prior to the admission of an alien under the visa waiver program established under section 217 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1187), the Immigration and Naturalization Service shall determine that the applicant for admission does not appear in any of the appropriate lookout databases available to immigration inspectors at the time the alien seeks admission to the United States.

SEC. 308. TRACKING SYSTEM FOR STOLEN PASSPORTS.

    (a) ENTERING STOLEN PASSPORT IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS IN THE INTEROPERABLE DATA SYSTEM-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Beginning with implementation under section 202 of the law enforcement and intelligence data system, not later than 72 hours after receiving notification of the loss or theft of a United States or foreign passport, the Attorney General and the Secretary of State, as appropriate, shall enter into such system the corresponding identification number for the lost or stolen passport.

      (2) ENTRY OF INFORMATION ON PREVIOUSLY LOST OR STOLEN PASSPORTS- To the extent practicable, the Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall enter into such system the corresponding identification numbers for the United States and foreign passports lost or stolen prior to the implementation of such system.

    (b) TRANSITION PERIOD- Until such time as the law enforcement and intelligence data system described in section 202 is fully implemented, the Attorney General shall enter the data described in subsection (a) into an existing data system being used to determine the admissibility or deportability of aliens.

SEC. 309. IDENTIFICATION DOCUMENTS FOR CERTAIN NEWLY ADMITTED ALIENS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall ensure that, immediately upon the arrival in the United States of an individual admitted under section 207 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1157), or immediately upon an alien being granted asylum under section 208 of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1158), the alien will be issued an employment authorization document. Such document shall, at a minimum, contain the fingerprint and photograph of such alien.

TITLE IV--INSPECTION AND ADMISSION OF ALIENS

SEC. 401. STUDY OF THE FEASIBILITY OF A NORTH AMERICAN NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAM.

    (a) IN GENERAL- The President shall conduct a study of the feasibility of establishing a North American National Security Program to enhance the mutual security and safety of the United States, Canada, and Mexico.

    (b) STUDY ELEMENTS- In conducting the study required by subsection (a), the President shall consider the following:

      (1) PRECLEARANCE- The feasibility of establishing a program enabling foreign national travelers to the United States to submit voluntarily to a preclearance procedure established by the Department of State and the Immigration and Naturalization Service to determine whether such travelers are admissible to the United States under section 212 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182). Consideration shall be given to the feasibility of expanding the preclearance program to include the preclearance both of foreign nationals traveling to Canada and foreign nationals traveling to Mexico.

      (2) PREINSPECTION- The feasibility of expanding preinspection facilities at foreign airports as described in section 235A of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1225). Consideration shall be given to the feasibility of expanding preinspections to foreign nationals on air flights destined for Canada and Mexico, and the cross training and funding of inspectors from Canada and Mexico.

      (3) CONDITIONS- A determination of the measures necessary to ensure that the conditions required by section 235A(a)(5) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1225a(a)(5)) are satisfied, including consultation with experts recognized for their expertise regarding the conditions required by that section.

    (c) REPORT- Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report setting forth the findings of the study conducted under subsection (a).

    (d) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section.

SEC. 402. PASSENGER MANIFESTS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Section 231 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1221(a)) is amended--

      (1) by striking subsections (a), (b), (d), and (e);

      (2) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (j); and

      (3) by striking ‘SEC. 231.’ and inserting the following:

    ‘SEC. 231. (a) ARRIVAL MANIFESTS- For each commercial vessel or aircraft transporting any person to any seaport or airport of the United States from any place outside the United States, it shall be the duty of an appropriate official specified in subsection (d) to provide to any United States border officer (as defined in subsection (i)) at that port manifest information about each passenger, crew member, and other occupant transported on such vessel or aircraft prior to arrival at that port.

    ‘(b) DEPARTURE MANIFESTS- For each commercial vessel or aircraft taking passengers on board at any seaport or airport of the United States, who are destined to any place outside the United States, it shall be the duty of an appropriate official specified in subsection (d) to provide any United States border officer (as defined in subsection (i)) before departure from such port manifest information about each passenger, crew member, and other occupant to be transported.

    ‘(c) CONTENTS OF MANIFEST- The information to be provided with respect to each person listed on a manifest required to be provided under subsection (a) or (b) shall include--

      ‘(1) complete name;

      ‘(2) date of birth;

      ‘(3) citizenship;

      ‘(4) sex;

      ‘(5) passport number and country of issuance;

      ‘(6) country of residence;

      ‘(7) United States visa number, date, and place of issuance, where applicable;

      ‘(8) alien registration number, where applicable;

      ‘(9) United States address while in the United States; and

      ‘(10) such other information the Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of State, and the Secretary of Treasury determines as being necessary for the identification of the persons transported and for the enforcement of the immigration laws and to protect safety and national security.

    ‘(d) APPROPRIATE OFFICIALS SPECIFIED- An appropriate official specified in this subsection is the master or commanding officer, or authorized agent, owner, or consignee, of the commercial vessel or aircraft concerned.

    ‘(e) DEADLINE FOR REQUIREMENT OF ELECTRONIC TRANSMISSION OF MANIFEST INFORMATION- Not later than January 1, 2003, manifest information required to be provided under subsection (a) or (b) shall be transmitted electronically by the appropriate official specified in subsection (d) to an immigration officer.

    ‘(f) PROHIBITION- No operator of any private or public carrier that is under a duty to provide manifest information under this section shall be granted clearance papers until the appropriate official specified in subsection (d) has complied with the requirements of this subsection, except that, in the case of commercial vessels or aircraft that the Attorney General determines are making regular trips to the United States, the Attorney General may, when expedient, arrange for the provision of manifest information of persons departing the United States at a later date.

    ‘(g) PENALTIES AGAINST NONCOMPLYING SHIPMENTS, AIRCRAFT, OR CARRIERS- If it shall appear to the satisfaction of the Attorney General that an appropriate official specified in subsection (d), any public or private carrier, or the agent of any transportation line, as the case may be, has refused or failed to provide manifest information required by subsection (a) or (b), or that the manifest information provided is not accurate and full based on information provided to the carrier, such official, carrier, or agent, as the case may be, shall pay to the Commissioner the sum of $1,000 for each person with respect to whom such accurate and full manifest information is not provided, or with respect to whom the manifest information is not prepared as prescribed by this section or by regulations issued pursuant thereto. No commercial vessel or aircraft shall be granted clearance pending determination of the question of the liability to the payment of such penalty, or while it remains unpaid, and no such penalty shall be remitted or refunded, except that clearance may be granted prior to the determination of such question upon the deposit with the Commissioner of a bond or undertaking approved by the Attorney General or a sum sufficient to cover such penalty.

    ‘(h) WAIVER- The Attorney General may waive the requirements of subsection (a) or (b) upon such circumstances and conditions as the Attorney General may by regulation prescribe.

    ‘(i) UNITED STATES BORDER OFFICER DEFINED- In this section, the term ‘United States border officer’ means, with respect to a particular port of entry into the United States, any United States official who is performing duties at that port of entry.’.

    (b) EXTENSION TO LAND CARRIERS-

      (1) STUDY- The President shall conduct a study regarding the feasibility of extending the requirements of subsections (a) and (b) of section 231 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1221), as amended by subsection (a), to any commercial carrier transporting persons by land to or from the United States. The study shall focus on the manner in which such requirement would be implemented to enhance the national security of the United States and the efficient cross-border flow of commerce and persons.

      (2) REPORT- Not later than two years after the date of enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to Congress a report setting forth the findings of the study conducted under paragraph (1).

    (c) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by subsection (a) shall apply with respect to persons arriving in, or departing from, the United States on or after the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 403. TIME PERIOD FOR INSPECTIONS.

    (a) REPEAL OF TIME LIMITATION ON INSPECTIONS- Section 286(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1356(g)) is amended by striking ‘, within forty-five minutes of their presentation for inspection,’.

    (b) STAFFING LEVELS AT PORTS OF ENTRY- The Immigration and Naturalization Service shall staff ports of entry at such levels that would be adequate to meet traffic flow and inspection time objectives efficiently without compromising the safety and security of the United States. Estimated staffing levels under workforce models for the Immigration and Naturalization Service shall be based on the goal of providing immigration services described in section 286(g) of such Act within 45 minutes of a passenger’s presentation for inspection.

SEC. 404. JOINT UNITED STATES-CANADA PROJECTS FOR ALTERNATIVE INSPECTIONS SERVICES.

    (a) IN GENERAL- United States border inspections agencies, including the Immigration and Naturalization Service, acting jointly and under an agreement of cooperation with the Government of Canada, may conduct joint United States-Canada inspections projects on the international border between the two countries. Each such project may provide alternative inspections services and shall undertake to harmonize the criteria for inspections applied by the two countries in implementing those projects.

    (b) ANNUAL REPORT- The Attorney General and the Secretary of the Treasury shall prepare and submit annually to Congress a report on the joint United States-Canada inspections projects conducted under subsection (a).

    (c) EXEMPTION FROM ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE ACT AND PAPERWORK REDUCTION ACT- Subchapter II of chapter 5 of title 5, United States Code (commonly referred to as the ‘Administrative Procedure Act’) and chapter 35 of title 44, United States Code (commonly referred to as the ‘Paperwork Reduction Act’) shall not apply to fee setting for services and other administrative requirements relating to projects described in subsection (a), except that fees and forms established for such projects shall be published as a notice in the Federal Register.

TITLE V--FOREIGN STUDENTS AND EXCHANGE VISITORS

SEC. 501. FOREIGN STUDENT MONITORING PROGRAM.

    (a) STRENGTHENING REQUIREMENTS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF MONITORING PROGRAM-

      (1) MONITORING AND VERIFICATION OF INFORMATION- Section 641(a) of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1372(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

      ‘(3) ALIENS FOR WHOM A VISA IS REQUIRED- The Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall establish an electronic means to monitor and verify--

        ‘(A) the issuance of documentation of acceptance of a foreign student by an approved institution of higher education or other approved educational institution, or of an exchange visitor program participant by a designated exchange visitor program;

        ‘(B) the transmittal of the documentation referred to in subparagraph (A) to the Department of State for use by the Bureau of Consular Affairs;

        ‘(C) the issuance of a visa to a foreign student or an exchange visitor program participant;

        ‘(D) the admission into the United States of the foreign student or exchange visitor program participant;

        ‘(E) the notification to an approved institution of higher education, other approved educational institution, or exchange visitor program sponsor that the foreign student or exchange visitor participant has been admitted into the United States;

        ‘(F) the registration and enrollment of that foreign student in such approved institution of higher education or other approved educational institution, or the participation of that exchange visitor in such designated exchange visitor program, as the case may be; and

        ‘(G) any other relevant act by the foreign student or exchange visitor program participant, including a changing of school or designated exchange visitor program and any termination of studies or participation in a designated exchange visitor program.

      ‘(4) REPORTING REQUIREMENTS- Not later than 30 days after the deadline for registering for classes for an academic term of an approved institution of higher education or other approved educational institution for which documentation is issued for an alien as described in paragraph (3)(A), or the scheduled commencement of participation by an alien in a designated exchange visitor program, as the case may be, the institution or program, respectively, shall report to the Immigration and Naturalization Service any failure of the alien to enroll or to commence participation.’.

      (2) ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR DATA TO BE COLLECTED- Section 641(c)(1) of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1372(c)(1)) is amended--

        (A) by striking ‘and’ at the end of subparagraph (C);

        (B) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (D) and inserting ‘; and’; and

        (C) by adding at the end the following:

        ‘(E) the date of entry and port of entry;

        ‘(F) the date of the alien’s enrollment in an approved institution of higher education, other approved educational institution, or designated exchange visitor program in the United States;

        ‘(G) the degree program, if applicable, and field of study; and

        ‘(H) the date of the alien’s termination of enrollment and the reason for such termination (including graduation, disciplinary action or other dismissal, and failure to re-enroll).’.

      (3) REPORTING REQUIREMENTS- Section 641(c) of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1372(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      ‘(5) REPORTING REQUIREMENTS- The Attorney General shall prescribe by regulation reporting requirements by taking into account the curriculum calendar of the approved institution of higher education, other approved educational institution, or exchange visitor program.’.

    (b) INFORMATION REQUIRED OF THE VISA APPLICANT- Prior to the issuance of a visa under subparagraph (F), subparagraph (M), or, with respect to an alien seeking to attend an approved institution of higher education, subparagraph (J) of section 101(a)(15) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)), each alien applying for such visa shall provide to a consular officer the following information:

      (1) The alien’s address in the country of origin.

      (2) The names and addresses of the alien’s spouse, children, parents, and siblings.

      (3) The names of contacts of the alien in the alien’s country of residence who could verify information about the alien.

      (4) Previous work history, if any, including the names and addresses of employers.

    (c) TRANSITIONAL PROGRAM-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act and until such time as the system described in section 641 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (as amended by subsection (a)) is fully implemented, the following requirements shall apply:

        (A) RESTRICTIONS ON ISSUANCE OF VISAS- A visa may not be issued to an alien under subparagraph (F), subparagraph (M), or, with respect to an alien seeking to attend an approved institution of higher education, subparagraph (J) of section 101(a)(15) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)), unless--

          (i) the Department of State has received from an approved institution of higher education or other approved educational institution electronic evidence of documentation of the alien’s acceptance at that institution; and

          (ii) the consular officer has adequately reviewed the applicant’s visa record.

        (B) NOTIFICATION UPON VISA ISSUANCE- Upon the issuance of a visa under section 101(a)(15) (F) or (M) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(F) or (M)) to an alien, the Secretary of State shall transmit to the Immigration and Naturalization Service a notification of the issuance of that visa.

        (C) NOTIFICATION UPON ADMISSION OF ALIEN- The Immigration and Naturalization Service shall notify the approved institution of higher education or other approved educational institution that an alien accepted for such institution or program has been admitted to the United States.

        (D) NOTIFICATION OF FAILURE OF ENROLLMENT- Not later than 30 days after the deadline for registering for classes for an academic term, the approved institution of higher education or other approved educational institution shall inform the Immigration and Naturalization Service through data-sharing arrangements of any failure of any alien described in subparagraph (C) to enroll or to commence participation.

      (2) REQUIREMENT TO SUBMIT LIST OF APPROVED INSTITUTIONS- Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall provide the Secretary of State with a list of all approved institutions of higher education and other approved educational institutions that are authorized to receive nonimmigrants under section 101(a)(15) (F) or (M) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(F) or (M)).

      (3) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this subsection.

SEC. 502. REVIEW OF INSTITUTIONS AND OTHER ENTITIES AUTHORIZED TO ENROLL OR SPONSOR CERTAIN NONIMMIGRANTS.

    (a) PERIODIC REVIEW OF COMPLIANCE- Not later than two years after the date of enactment of this Act, and every two years thereafter, the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization, in consultation with the Secretary of Education, shall conduct a review of the institutions certified to receive nonimmigrants under section 101(a)(15) (F), (M), or (J) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(F), (M), or (J)). Each review shall determine whether the institutions are in compliance with--

      (1) recordkeeping and reporting requirements to receive nonimmigrants under section 101(a)(15) (F), (M), or (J) of that Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(F), (M), or (J)); and

      (2) recordkeeping and reporting requirements under section 641 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1372).

    (b) PERIODIC REVIEW OF SPONSORS OF EXCHANGE VISITORS-

      (1) REQUIREMENT FOR REVIEWS- Not later than two years after the date of enactment of this Act, and every two years thereafter, the Secretary of State shall conduct a review of the entities designated to sponsor exchange visitor program participants under section 101(a)(15)(J) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(J)).

      (2) DETERMINATIONS- On the basis of reviews of entities under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall determine whether the entities are in compliance with--

        (A) recordkeeping and reporting requirements to receive nonimmigrant exchange visitor program participants under section 101(a)(15)(J) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(J)); and

        (B) recordkeeping and reporting requirements under section 641 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1372).

    (c) EFFECT OF MATERIAL FAILURE TO COMPLY- Material failure of an institution or other entity to comply with the recordkeeping and reporting requirements to receive nonimmigrant students or exchange visitor program participants under section 101(a)(15) (F), (M), or (J) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15) (F), (M), or (J)), or section 641 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1372), shall result in the suspension for at least one year or termination, at the election of the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization, of the institution’s approval to receive such students, or result in the suspension for at least one year or termination, at the election of the Secretary of State, of the other entity’s designation to sponsor exchange visitor program participants, as the case may be.

TITLE VI--MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

SEC. 601. EXTENSION OF DEADLINE FOR IMPROVEMENT IN BORDER CROSSING IDENTIFICATION CARDS.

    Section 104(b)(2) of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1101 note) is amended by striking ‘5 years’ and inserting ‘6 years’.

SEC. 602. GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE STUDY.

    (a) REQUIREMENT FOR STUDY-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a study to determine the feasibility and utility of implementing a requirement that each nonimmigrant alien in the United States submit to the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization each year a current address and, where applicable, the name and address of an employer.

      (2) NONIMMIGRANT ALIEN DEFINED- In paragraph (1), the term ‘nonimmigrant alien’ means an alien described in section 101(a)(15) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)).

    (b) REPORT- Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to Congress a report on the results of the study under subsection (a). The report shall include the Comptroller General’s findings, together with any recommendations that the Comptroller General considers appropriate.

SEC. 603. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION.

    (a) INTERNATIONAL ELECTRONIC DATA SYSTEM- The Secretary of State and the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization, in consultation with the Assistant to the President for Homeland Security, shall jointly conduct a study of the alternative approaches (including the costs of, and procedures necessary for, each alternative approach) for encouraging or requiring Canada, Mexico, and countries treated as visa waiver program countries under section 217 of the Immigration and Nationality Act to develop an intergovernmental network of interoperable electronic data systems that--

      (1) facilitates real-time access to that country’s law enforcement and intelligence information that is needed by the Department of State and the Immigration and Naturalization Service to screen visa applicants and applicants for admission into the United States to identify aliens who are inadmissible or deportable under the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.);

      (2) is interoperable with the electronic data system implemented under section 202; and

      (3) performs in accordance with implementation of the technology standard referred to in section 202(a).

    (b) REPORT- Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State and the Attorney General shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report setting forth the findings of the study conducted under subsection (a).

SEC. 604. STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION.

    Nothing in this Act shall be construed to impose requirements that are inconsistent with the North American Free Trade Agreement or to require additional documents for aliens for whom documentary requirements are waived under section 212(d)(4)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(d)(4)(B)).

SEC. 605. ANNUAL REPORT ON ALIENS WHO FAIL TO APPEAR AFTER RELEASE ON OWN RECOGNIZANCE.

    (a) REQUIREMENT FOR REPORT- Not later than January 15 of each year, the Attorney General shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the total number of aliens who, during the preceding year, failed to attend a removal proceeding after having been arrested outside a port of entry, served a notice to appear under section 239(a)(1) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1229(a)(1)), and released on the alien’s own recognizance. The report shall also take into account the number of cases in which there were defects in notices of hearing or the service of notices of hearing, together with a description and analysis of the effects, if any, that the defects had on the attendance of aliens at the proceedings.

    (b) INITIAL REPORT- Notwithstanding the time for submission of the annual report provided in subsection (a), the report for 2001 shall be submitted not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 606. RETENTION OF NONIMMIGRANT VISA APPLICATIONS BY THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE.

    The Department of State shall retain, for a period of seven years from the date of application, every application for a nonimmigrant visa under section 101(a)(15) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)) in a form that will be admissible in the courts of the United States or in administrative proceedings, including removal proceedings under such Act, without regard to whether the application was approved or denied.

Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Vice President of the United States and

President of the Senate.