H.R. 3983 (107th): Maritime Transportation Antiterrorism Act of 2002

Mar 18, 2002 (107th Congress, 2001–2002)
Died (Passed House)
Don Young
Representative for Alaska At Large
Read Text »
Last Updated
Apr 11, 2002
34 pages
Related Bills
S. 1214 (Supersedes)
Maritime Transportation Security Act of 2002

Signed by the President
Nov 25, 2002


This bill was introduced in a previous session of Congress and was passed by the House on June 4, 2002 but was never passed by the Senate.

Introduced Mar 18, 2002
Referred to Committee Mar 18, 2002
Reported by Committee Mar 20, 2002
Passed House Jun 04, 2002
Full Title

To ensure the security of maritime transportation in the United States against acts of terrorism, and for other purposes.


No summaries available.

6 cosponsors (4D, 2R) (show)

House Transportation and Infrastructure

Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation

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Primary Source

THOMAS.gov (The Library of Congress)

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H.R. stands for House of Representatives bill.

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The bill’s title was written by its sponsor.

GovTrack’s Bill Summary

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Library of Congress Summary

The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.

6/4/2002--Passed House amended.
Maritime Transportation Antiterrorism Act of 2002 -
Title I - Maritime Transportation Security
Directs the Secretary of Transportation to assess port vulnerability, including each facility in a port, wherever the Secretary believes there is a high risk of catastrophic emergency.
Permits the acceptance of existing assessments.Requires the Secretary to prepare a National Maritime Transportation Antiterrorism Plan for deterring catastrophic emergencies.
Requires such Plan to:
(1) coordinate Federal, State, and local efforts, including Coast Guard maritime antiterrorism teams and Federal Maritime Antiterrorism Coordinators (Coast Guard officials);
(2) identify security resources;
(3) include a system of surveillance and notice to ensure earliest possible identification of emergencies; and
(4) designate each area requiring an Area Maritime Transportation Antiterrorism Plan and its Federal Maritime Antiterrorism Coordinator (a Coast Guard official).Requires Federal Maritime Antiterrorism Coordinators to develop, update, and integrate Area Maritime Transportation Antiterrorism Plans, as needed.
Requires that such Plans:
(1) be adequate to deter acts of terrorism;
(2) describe the area in terms of population or special economic, environmental, or national security importance;
(3) integrate with other Area Plans; and
(4) be reviewed, approved, and updated.Requires owners or operators of vessels or facilities to prepare and submit to the Secretary an antiterrorism plan for deterring a catastrophic emergency, including the identification of the plan implementor, the availability of antiterrorism measures, training and drills.
Requires that such plans be consistent with the National and Area Plans and be reviewed, approved, and updated.
Permits a vessel or facility to operate temporarily without such a plan if the owner or operator certifies that they have ensured deterrence by other means.
Requires the implementation of interim security measures.
Makes such information nondisclosable.Requires the Under Secretary of Transportation for Security to develop and maintain an antiterrorism cargo identification and screening system, including performance standards for seals and locks of shipping containers.
Requires the Secretary to establish a system of antiterrorism response plans for vessels in coordination with the Federal Emergency Management Agency.Requires transportation security cards for entry to any antiterrorism secure area of a vessel or facility.
Requires the Secretary to issue a card to an individual unless such individual poses a sufficient terrorism security risk.
Establishes criteria for denial, including relevant felony convictions and eligibility for denial of admission or removal from the United States under the Immigration and Nationality Act. Directs the Attorney General to perform background checks at the Secretary's request.
Keeps such information private.Directs the Secretary to establish maritime antiterrorism teams to protect vessels, ports, facilities, and cargo in U.S. waters.Authorizes financial assistance for facility security on a matching basis.
Authorizes appropriations for FY 2003 through 2005.Authorizes grants in FY 2003 through 2005 to educational institutions for the development and implementation of a comprehensive port and maritime security education program.Directs the Secretary to assess the effectiveness of antiterrorism measures maintained at specified foreign ports and make recommendations for improvements, if necessary.
Authorizes the Secretary to prescribe conditions of entry for or to deny entry into the United States to vessels arriving from foreign ports with ineffective antiterrorism measures.
Requires the Secretary to notify the Secretary of State whenever a foreign port is found not to be maintaining effective antiterrorism measures.Requires the advance electronic transmission of passenger and crew manifests from commercial vessels arriving in the United States from a foreign port.
Section 102 -
Amends the Ports and Waterways Safety Act to require all commercial vessels entering the territorial sea of the United States to provide the Secretary as a condition of entry with specified information, including name, route, and a description of any hazardous conditions or cargo.
Section 103 -
Amends Federal law to extend the jurisdiction of the United States to include all waters of the territorial sea of the United States as described in Presidential Proclamation 5928.
Section 104 -
Permits the President to defer any end-strength limitation on the Coast Guard during a declared war or national emergency, as specified.
Section 105 -
Amends the Deepwater Port Act of 1974 to cover the importation, transportation, and production of natural gas.
Section 106 -
Amends the Ports and Waterways Safety Act to authorize the use of qualified armed Coast Guard personnel as sea marshals on facilities or vessels to deter or respond to acts of terrorism. Requires the Secretary to report to Congress on the potential use of other personnel to carry out such functions, including government personnel, documented U.S. Merchant Marine personnel, or students of maritime academies and industry schools.
Section 107 -
Requires specified vessels operating in the navigable waters of the United States to be equipped with a position indicating transponder and situation display or a comparable automatic identification system.
Section 108 -
Amends the Tariff Act of 1930 to require the advanced electronic transmission of cargo information.
Title II - Maritime Policy Improvement
Maritime Policy Improvement Act of 2002 - Amends the Coast Guard Authorization Act of 1996 to authorize the Secretary of Transportation to issue a certificate of documentation with appropriate endorsement for employment in the coastwise trade to a specified vessel (Coastal Venture).
Section 203 -
Authorizes the Secretary to make grants to the American Merchant Marine Veterans Memorial Committee, Inc., to construct an addition to the American Merchant Marine Memorial Wall of Honor located at the Los Angeles Maritime Museum in San Pedro, California. Authorizes appropriations.
Section 204 -
States that the discharge from a vessel of any agricultural cargo residue material in the form of hold washings shall be governed exclusively by the provisions of the Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships that implement Annex V to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships.
Section 205 -
Revises the method for recording and discharging certain maritime liens.
Section 206 -
Directs the Secretary to prescribe a tonnage measurement as a small passenger vessel for a named vessel for purposes of applying the optional regulatory measurement.
Section 207 -
Authorizes the Secretary to issue a certificate of documentation with appropriate endorsement for employment in the coastwise trade to 20 specified vessels.
Section 208 -
Authorizes exempting two specified vessels from certain inspection requirements for passenger vessels so long as the vessels are owned by nonprofit organizations and operated as nonprofit memorials to merchant mariners.
Section 209 -
Authorizes the Secretary to issue a certificate of documentation with appropriate endorsement for employment in the coastwise trade to three specified vessels.
Section 210 -
Authorizes the Secretary to issue a certificate of documentation with appropriate endorsement for employment in the coastwise trade to a specified vessel, under specified circumstances.
Section 211 -
Permits, for a limited period of time, the ten sailboats participating in the New World Challenge Race to transport guests, who have not contributed consideration for their passage, from and around the ports of San Francisco and San Diego, California, before and during stops of that race.
Section 212 -
Permits a specified vessel (Asphalt Commander) to be transferred to or placed under a foreign registry or sold to a person that is not a U.S. citizen and transferred to or placed under a foreign registry.
Title III - Coast Guard Personnel and Marine Safety
Coast Guard Personnel and Maritime Safety Act of 2002 -
Subtitle A - Personnel Management
Limits the Director of the Coast Guard Band to the rank of captain (currently, commander).
Section 312 -
Authorizes compensatory absence from duty for Coast Guard military personnel serving at isolated duty stations (currently, at isolated aids to navigation) in certain circumstances.
Section 313 -
Allows a promotion selection board to recommend officers of particular merit for placement at the top of the list of selectees and requires, if approved by the President, placement of those officers (in seniority order) at the top of the list. Requires a survey and report to determine if such placements will improve Coast guard officer retention.
Subtitle B - Marine Safety
Amends the Vessel Bridge-to-Bridge Radiotelephone Act to revise requirements regarding the waters on which vessels, dredges, and floating plants must carry a radiotelephone.
Section 322 -
Prohibits the application of the Federal Reports Elimination and Sunset Act of 1995 with respect to specified reports concerning Coast Guard operations and expenditures, summary of marine casualties, user fee activities and amounts, public port conditions, activities of the Federal Maritime Commission, and activities of the Interagency Coordinating Committee on Oil Pollution Research.
Section 323 -
Allows the Coast Guard to borrow a limited amount from the Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund when the limit of $50 million in unappropriated funds is inadequate to deal with a discharge or threatened discharge. Mandates repayment to the Fund when, and to the extent that, removal costs are recovered from responsible parties.
Section 324 -
Amends Federal law relating to vessels and seamen to:
(1) authorize, in certain circumstances, issuance of interim merchant mariner's documents valid for a period not over 120 days; and
(2) exempt, with regard to those employed as entertainment personnel with no duties, including emergency duties, related to navigation or safety of the vessel, crew, cargo, or passengers, a passenger vessel that is not engaged in a foreign voyage from a requirement that a vessel employee have a merchant mariner's document.
Section 325 -
Increases fine limits for negligent vessel operation or interfering with safe vessel operation.
Subtitle C - Renewal of Advisory Groups
Renames the Commercial Fishing Industry Vessel Advisory Committee as the Commercial Fishing Industry Vessel Safety Advisory Committee. Extends the Committee through FY 2005.
Section 332 -
Extends through FY 2005 the termination dates of the Houston-Galveston Navigation Safety Advisory Committee, the Lower Mississippi River Waterway Advisory Committee, the Navigation Safety Advisory Council, the National Boating Safety Advisory Council, and the Towing Safety Advisory Committee.
Subtitle D - Miscellaneous
Authorizes the Secretary, notwithstanding any other provision of law, to accept, by direct transfer without cost, for use by the Coast Guard primarily for expanded drug interdiction activities required to meet national supply reduction goals, up to seven PC-170 patrol craft from the Department of Defense if it offers to transfer such craft.
Section 342 -
Revises Federal and State funding for boating safety.
Section 343 -
Authorizes the Coast Guard to operate and maintain a Caribbean Support Tender (or similar vessel) to provide technical assistance, including law enforcement training, for foreign coast guards, navies, and other maritime services.Authorizes the Commandant to provide medical and dental care to foreign military Caribbean Support Tender personnel and their dependents accompanying them in the United States, as specified.
Section 344 -
Amends Federal law to extend the expiration date on the prohibition against new maritime user fees.
Section 345 -
Requires the Coast Guard to: (1) continue to offer assistance to organizations dedicated to Great Lakes lighthouse stewardship; and (2) promptly release information regarding the timing of designations of Coast Guard lighthouses on the Great Lakes as surplus property.
Section 346 -
Directs the Secretary to prepare a status report on the modernization of the National Distress and Response System and transmit the report to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives. Specifies report contents.
Section 347 -
Authorizes conveyance, without consideration, to the Gulf of Maine Aquarium Development Corporation the Naval Reserve Pier property (exclusive of floating docks) in Portland, Maine. Imposes specified requirements.
Section 348 -
Requires the Coast Guard to:
(1) study existing local harbor safety coordinating committees in the United States regarding cooperation with interested groups, organizational models, technological assistance, and recurring resources; and
(2) test the feasibility of expanding the harbor safety committee concept to small and medium-sized ports not generally served by such a committee by establishing one or more prototype committees.
Makes the Federal Advisory Committee Act inapplicable to harbor safety committees established under any provision of law.
Section 349 -
Authorizes the conveyance of all right, title, and interest of the United States in and to each of the following properties: (1) Coast Guard Slip Point Light Station, located in Clallam County, Washington, to Clallam County, Washington; and (2) the parcel of land on which is situated the Point Pin 6os Light, located in Monterey County, California, to the city of Pacific Grove, California. Sets forth terms and conditions.
Title IV - Omnibus Maritime Improvements
Omnibus Maritime and Coast Guard Improvements Act of 2002 - Amends Federal law concerning Coast Guard housing authorities to double the amount of the total value in budget authority permitted for all contracts and investments undertaken using such authorities.
Section 402 -
Extends Coast Guard housing authorities from October 1, 2001, to October 1, 2006.
Section 403 -
Directs the Secretary to develop, maintain, and periodically update an inventory of documented vessels 200 feet or more in length that have the capability to lay, maintain, or repair a submarine cable, without regard to whether a particular vessel is classified as a cable ship or cable vessel.
Section 404 -
Permits only specified vessels, except in the case of a vessel in distress, to perform the following vessel escort operations and vessel towing assistance within the navigable waters of the United States:
(1) operation or assistance that commences or terminates at a port or place in the United States;
(2) operation or assistance required by United States law or regulation; and
(3) operation provided in whole or in part for the purpose of escorting or assisting a vessel within or through navigation facilities owned, maintained, or operated by the U.S. Government or the approaches to such facilities, other than facilities operated by the St. Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation on the St. Lawrence River portion of the Seaway.
Section 405 -
Requires the establishment, implementation, and maintenance of the minimum standards necessary for the safe operation of all Coast Guard search and rescue center facilities.
Section 406 -
Permits the Secretary to allow a person providing commercial VHF communications services to place commercial VHF communications equipment on Coast Guard owned or controlled property (including towers) subject to any terms agreed to by the parties.
Section 407 -
Authorizes appropriations to the Secretary for lower Columbia River marine, fire, oil, and toxic spill response communications, training, equipment, and program administration activities conducted by the Maritime Fire and Safety Association.
Section 409 -
Prohibits a vessel which has been forfeited to the U.S. Government for a breach of U.S. laws from obtaining a certificate of documentation with a fisheries endorsement.
Section 410 -
Requires the Commandant of the Coast Guard to ensure that all Coast Guard personnel are equipped with adequate safety equipment, including hypothermia protective clothing where appropriate, while performing search and rescue missions.
Section 411 -
Revises provisions concerning the promotion of Coast Guard Reserve Officers.
Section 412 -
Authorizes the Coast Guard to continue commanders and lieutenant commanders scheduled to retire due to failure of selection for promotion.
Section 413 -
Authorizes providing financial assistance to an eligible enlisted member of the Coast Guard Reserve, not on active duty, for expenses of the member while the member is pursuing on a full-time basis at an approved institution of higher education a program of education that leads to: (1) a baccalaureate degree in not more than five academic years; or (2) a post-baccalaureate degree.
Section 414 -
Permits the Coast Guard to offer to captains who would otherwise be forced to retire after 30 years of duty the opportunity to continue on active duty.
Section 415 -
Allows the Coast Guard to pay death gratuities to personal representatives of Coast Guard Auxiliarists who die in the line of duty, to the same extent that death gratuities are paid on behalf of Federal employees.
Section 416 -
Revises the Coast Guard's severance pay provisions to align Coast Guard severance pay and revocation of commission authority with Department of Defense authority.
Section 417 -
Permits the Commandant of the Coast Guard to lease to non-Federal entities, including private individuals, lighthouse property under the administrative control of the Coast Guard for terms not to exceed 30 years.
Section 418 -
Amends the Maritime Drug Law Enforcement Act to permit the Coast Guard's drug interdiction jurisdiction to extend to 24 nautical miles from U.S. shores (the outer limit of the U.S. contiguous zone). Specifies the circumstances under which the Government can seize a vessel which participates in illicit drug smuggling.
Section 419 -
Amends the definition of small passenger vessel to include wing-in-ground craft that carry at least one passenger for hire. Defines such craft.
Section 420 -
Removes the requirement for filing an original commercial instrument (for example, a ship mortgage) within ten days of the electronic filing of the instrument.
Section 421 -
Eliminates the requirement for a thumbprint to be placed on a merchant mariner's document.
Section 422 -
Authorizes the Secretary to delegate, subject to the supervision and control of the Secretary and under terms set out by regulation, to private entities determined and certified by the Secretary to be qualified, the authority to issue a temporary certificate of documentation for a recreational vessel.
Section 423 -
Authorizes the Coast Guard to conduct marine casualty investigations involving foreign vessels in areas outside U.S. territorial waters consistent with the practices and procedures of international law.
Section 424 -
Directs the Secretary to convey to BaySail, Inc. (a nonprofit corporation), without monetary consideration, all right, title, and interest of the United States in and to property adjacent to Coast Guard Station Saginaw River, located in Hampton Township, Michigan.
Section 425 -
Amends the Coast Guard Authorization Act of 1996 with respect to a conveyance by the Secretary of Transportation of specified Federal property to the Traverse City Area Public School District. Replaces the school district as recipient with any public or private nonprofit entity for an educational or recreational purpose.
Section 426 -
Directs the Secretary to annually submit to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report, prepared in conjunction with the Commandant of the Coast Guard, setting forth the capabilities and readiness of the Coast Guard to fulfill its national defense responsibilities.
Section 427 -
Extends the authorization for the Oil Spill Recovery Institute through FY 2012.
Section 428 -
Directs the Secretary to issue certificates of documentation to three specified vessels for employment in the coastwise trade.
Section 429 -
Prohibits the Commandant of the Coast Guard from planning, implementing, or finalizing any regulation or take any other action which would result in the decommissioning of any WYTL-class harbor tugs unless and until the Commandant certifies in writing to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, that sufficient replacement capability has been procured by the Coast Guard to remediate any degradation in current icebreaking services that would be caused by such decommissioning.
Section 430 -
Authorizes the Commandant of the Coast Guard to provide support, with or without reimbursement, to an entity engaged in fishing vessel safety training.
Section 431 -
States that Coast Guard Vessel Traffic Service pilots shall not be liable for damages related to their official assistance unless such assistance constitutes gross negligence or willful misconduct.
Section 432 -
Authorizes the Secretary to use amounts to provide financial assistance to the City of Chicago, Illinois, to pay the Federal share of the cost of a project to demolish the Old Coast Guard Station.
Section 433 -
Revises provisions concerning tonnage measurement for purposes of eligibility of certain vessels for fishery endorsement.
Section 434 -
Extends time for recreational vessel and associated equipment recalls.
Title V - Authorization of Appropriations
Coast Guard Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 - Authorizes appropriations for the Coast Guard for FY 2002.
Section 503 -
Authorizes end-of-year strength and military training student loads for the Coast Guard.

House Republican Conference Summary

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