Maritime Transportation Security
Directs the Secretary of Transportation to assess port vulnerability, including each facility in a port, wherever the Secretary believes there is a high risk of catastrophic emergency.
Permits the acceptance of existing assessments.Requires the Secretary to prepare a National Maritime Transportation Antiterrorism Plan for deterring catastrophic emergencies.
Requires such Plan to:
(1) coordinate Federal, State, and local efforts, including Coast Guard maritime antiterrorism teams and Federal Maritime Antiterrorism Coordinators (Coast Guard officials);
(2) identify security resources;
(3) include a system of surveillance and notice to ensure earliest possible identification of emergencies; and
(4) designate each area requiring an Area Maritime Transportation Antiterrorism Plan and its Federal Maritime Antiterrorism Coordinator (a Coast Guard official).Requires Federal Maritime Antiterrorism Coordinators to develop, update, and integrate Area Maritime Transportation Antiterrorism Plans, as needed.
Requires that such Plans:
(1) be adequate to deter acts of terrorism;
(2) describe the area in terms of population or special economic, environmental, or national security importance;
(3) integrate with other Area Plans; and
(4) be reviewed, approved, and updated.Requires owners or operators of vessels or facilities to prepare and submit to the Secretary an antiterrorism plan for deterring a catastrophic emergency, including the identification of the plan implementor, the availability of antiterrorism measures, training and drills.
Requires that such plans be consistent with the National and Area Plans and be reviewed, approved, and updated.
Permits a vessel or facility to operate temporarily without such a plan if the owner or operator certifies that they have ensured deterrence by other means.
Requires the implementation of interim security measures.
Makes such information nondisclosable.Requires the Under Secretary of Transportation for Security to develop and maintain an antiterrorism cargo identification and screening system, including performance standards for seals and locks of shipping containers.
Requires the Secretary to establish a system of antiterrorism response plans for vessels in coordination with the Federal Emergency Management Agency.Requires transportation security cards for entry to any antiterrorism secure area of a vessel or facility.
Requires the Secretary to issue a card to an individual unless such individual poses a sufficient terrorism security risk.
Establishes criteria for denial, including relevant felony convictions and eligibility for denial of admission or removal from the United States under the Immigration and Nationality Act. Directs the Attorney General to perform background checks at the Secretary's request.
Keeps such information private.Directs the Secretary to establish maritime antiterrorism teams to protect vessels, ports, facilities, and cargo in U.S. waters.Authorizes financial assistance for facility security on a matching basis.
Authorizes appropriations for FY 2003 through 2005.Authorizes grants in FY 2003 through 2005 to educational institutions for the development and implementation of a comprehensive port and maritime security education program.Directs the Secretary to assess the effectiveness of antiterrorism measures maintained at specified foreign ports and make recommendations for improvements, if necessary.
Authorizes the Secretary to prescribe conditions of entry for or to deny entry into the United States to vessels arriving from foreign ports with ineffective antiterrorism measures.
Requires the Secretary to notify the Secretary of State whenever a foreign port is found not to be maintaining effective antiterrorism measures.Requires the advance electronic transmission of passenger and crew manifests from commercial vessels arriving in the United States from a foreign port.
Amends the Ports and Waterways Safety Act to require all commercial vessels entering the territorial sea of the United States to provide the Secretary as a condition of entry with specified information, including name, route, and a description of any hazardous conditions or cargo.
Amends Federal law to extend the jurisdiction of the United States to include all waters of the territorial sea of the United States as described in Presidential Proclamation 5928.
Permits the President to defer any end-strength limitation on the Coast Guard during a declared war or national emergency, as specified.
Amends the Deepwater Port Act of 1974 to cover the importation, transportation, and production of natural gas.
Amends the Ports and Waterways Safety Act to authorize the use of qualified armed Coast Guard personnel as sea marshals on facilities or vessels to deter or respond to acts of terrorism. Requires the Secretary to report to Congress on the potential use of other personnel to carry out such functions, including government personnel, documented U.S. Merchant Marine personnel, or students of maritime academies and industry schools.
Requires specified vessels operating in the navigable waters of the United States to be equipped with a position indicating transponder and situation display or a comparable automatic identification system.
Amends the Tariff Act of 1930 to require the advanced electronic transmission of cargo information.