< Back to H.R. 4561 (107th Congress, 2001–2002)

Text of the Federal Agency Protection of Privacy Act

This bill was introduced in a previous session of Congress and was passed by the House on October 7, 2002 but was never passed by the Senate. The text of the bill below is as of Oct 7, 2002 (Passed the House (Engrossed)).

Source: GPO

HR 4561 EH

107th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 4561


AN ACT

To amend title 5, United States Code, to require that agencies, in promulgating rules, take into consideration the impact of such rules on the privacy of individuals, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ‘Federal Agency Protection of Privacy Act’.

SEC. 2. REQUIREMENT THAT AGENCY RULEMAKING TAKE INTO CONSIDERATION IMPACTS ON INDIVIDUAL PRIVACY.

    (a) IN GENERAL- Title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding after section 553 the following new section:

‘Sec. 553a. Privacy impact analysis in rulemaking

    ‘(a) INITIAL PRIVACY IMPACT ANALYSIS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Whenever an agency is required by section 553 of this title, or any other law, to publish a general notice of proposed rulemaking for any proposed rule, or publishes a notice of proposed rulemaking for an interpretative rule involving the internal revenue laws of the United States, the agency shall prepare and make available for public comment an initial privacy impact analysis. Such analysis shall describe the impact of the proposed rule on the privacy of individuals. The initial privacy impact analysis or a summary shall be signed by the senior agency official with primary responsibility for privacy policy and be published in the Federal Register at the time of the publication of a general notice of proposed rulemaking for the rule.

      ‘(2) CONTENTS- Each initial privacy impact analysis required under this subsection shall contain the following:

        ‘(A) A description and assessment of the extent to which the proposed rule will impact the privacy interests of individuals, including the extent to which the proposed rule--

          ‘(i) provides notice of the collection of personally identifiable information, and specifies what personally identifiable information is to be collected and how it is to be collected, maintained, used, and disclosed;

          ‘(ii) allows access to such information by the person to whom the personally identifiable information pertains and provides an opportunity to correct inaccuracies;

          ‘(iii) prevents such information, which is collected for one purpose, from being used for another purpose; and

          ‘(iv) provides security for such information.

        ‘(B) A description of any significant alternatives to the proposed rule which accomplish the stated objectives of applicable statutes and which minimize any significant privacy impact of the proposed rule on individuals.

    ‘(b) FINAL PRIVACY IMPACT ANALYSIS-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Whenever an agency promulgates a final rule under section 553 of this title, after being required by that section or any other law to publish a general notice of proposed rulemaking, or promulgates a final interpretative rule involving the internal revenue laws of the United States, the agency shall prepare a final privacy impact analysis, signed by the senior agency official with primary responsibility for privacy policy.

      ‘(2) CONTENTS- Each final privacy impact analysis required under this subsection shall contain the following:

        ‘(A) A description and assessment of the extent to which the final rule will impact the privacy interests of individuals, including the extent to which the proposed rule--

          ‘(i) provides notice of the collection of personally identifiable information, and specifies what personally identifiable information is to be collected and how it is to be collected, maintained, used, and disclosed;

          ‘(ii) allows access to such information by the person to whom the personally identifiable information pertains and provides an opportunity to correct inaccuracies;

          ‘(iii) prevents such information, which is collected for one purpose, from being used for another purpose; and

          ‘(iv) provides security for such information.

        ‘(B) A summary of the significant issues raised by the public comments in response to the initial privacy impact analysis, a summary of the assessment of the agency of such issues, and a statement of any changes made in the proposed rule as a result of such issues.

        ‘(C) A description of the steps the agency has taken to minimize the significant privacy impact on individuals consistent with the stated objectives of applicable statutes, including a statement of the factual, policy, and legal reasons for selecting the alternative adopted in the final rule and why each one of the other significant alternatives to the rule considered by the agency which affect the privacy interests of individuals was rejected.

      ‘(3) AVAILABILITY TO PUBLIC- The agency shall make copies of the final privacy impact analysis available to members of the public and shall publish in the Federal Register such analysis or a summary thereof.

    ‘(c) PROCEDURE FOR WAIVER OR DELAY OF COMPLETION- An agency head may waive or delay the completion of some or all of the requirements of subsections (a) and (b) to the same extent as the agency head may, under section 608, waive or delay the completion of some or all of the requirements of sections 603 and 604, respectively.

    ‘(d) PROCEDURES FOR GATHERING COMMENTS- When any rule is promulgated which may have a significant privacy impact on individuals, or a privacy impact on a substantial number of individuals, the head of the agency promulgating the rule or the official of the agency with statutory responsibility for the promulgation of the rule shall assure that individuals have been given an opportunity to participate in the rulemaking for the rule through techniques such as--

      ‘(1) the inclusion in an advance notice of proposed rulemaking, if issued, of a statement that the proposed rule may have a significant privacy impact on individuals, or a privacy impact on a substantial number of individuals;

      ‘(2) the publication of a general notice of proposed rulemaking in publications of national circulation likely to be obtained by individuals;

      ‘(3) the direct notification of interested individuals;

      ‘(4) the conduct of open conferences or public hearings concerning the rule for individuals, including soliciting and receiving comments over computer networks; and

      ‘(5) the adoption or modification of agency procedural rules to reduce the cost or complexity of participation in the rulemaking by individuals.

    ‘(e) PERIODIC REVIEW OF RULES-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- Each agency shall carry out a periodic review of the rules promulgated by the agency that have a significant privacy impact on individuals, or a privacy impact on a substantial number of individuals. Under such periodic review, the agency shall determine, for each such rule, whether the rule can be amended or rescinded in a manner that minimizes any such impact while remaining in accordance with applicable statutes. For each such determination, the agency shall consider the following factors:

        ‘(A) The continued need for the rule.

        ‘(B) The nature of complaints or comments received from the public concerning the rule.

        ‘(C) The complexity of the rule.

        ‘(D) The extent to which the rule overlaps, duplicates, or conflicts with other Federal rules, and, to the extent feasible, with State and local governmental rules.

        ‘(E) The length of time since the rule was last reviewed under this subsection.

        ‘(F) The degree to which technology, economic conditions, or other factors have changed in the area affected by the rule since the rule was last reviewed under this subsection.

      ‘(2) PLAN REQUIRED- Each agency shall carry out the periodic review required by paragraph (1) in accordance with a plan published by such agency in the Federal Register. Each such plan shall provide for the review under this subsection of each rule promulgated by the agency not later than 10 years after the date on which such rule was published as the final rule and, thereafter, not later than 10 years after the date on which such rule was last reviewed under this subsection. The agency may

amend such plan at any time by publishing the revision in the Federal Register.

      ‘(3) ANNUAL PUBLICATION- Each year, each agency shall publish in the Federal Register a list of the rules to be reviewed by such agency under this subsection during the following year. The list shall include a brief description of each such rule and the need for and legal basis of such rule and shall invite public comment upon the determination to be made under this subsection with respect to such rule.

    ‘(f) JUDICIAL REVIEW-

      ‘(1) IN GENERAL- For any rule subject to this section, an individual who is adversely affected or aggrieved by final agency action is entitled to judicial review of agency compliance with the requirements of subsections (b) and (c) in accordance with chapter 7. Agency compliance with subsection (d) shall be judicially reviewable in connection with judicial review of subsection (b).

      ‘(2) JURISDICTION- Each court having jurisdiction to review such rule for compliance with section 553, or under any other provision of law, shall have jurisdiction to review any claims of noncompliance with subsections (b) and (c) in accordance with chapter 7. Agency compliance with subsection (d) shall be judicially reviewable in connection with judicial review of subsection (b).

      ‘(3) LIMITATIONS-

        ‘(A) An individual may seek such review during the period beginning on the date of final agency action and ending 1 year later, except that where a provision of law requires that an action challenging a final agency action be commenced before the expiration of 1 year, such lesser period shall apply to an action for judicial review under this subsection.

        ‘(B) In the case where an agency delays the issuance of a final privacy impact analysis pursuant to subsection (c), an action for judicial review under this section shall be filed not later than--

          ‘(i) 1 year after the date the analysis is made available to the public; or

          ‘(ii) where a provision of law requires that an action challenging a final agency regulation be commenced before the expiration of the 1-year period, the number of days specified in such provision of law that

is after the date the analysis is made available to the public.

      ‘(4) RELIEF- In granting any relief in an action under this subsection, the court shall order the agency to take corrective action consistent with this section and chapter 7, including, but not limited to--

        ‘(A) remanding the rule to the agency; and

        ‘(B) deferring the enforcement of the rule against individuals, unless the court finds that continued enforcement of the rule is in the public interest.

      ‘(5) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION- Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to limit the authority of any court to stay the effective date of any rule or provision thereof under any other provision of law or to grant any other relief in addition to the requirements of this subsection.

      ‘(6) RECORD OF AGENCY ACTION- In an action for the judicial review of a rule, the privacy impact analysis for such rule, including an analysis prepared or corrected pursuant to paragraph (4), shall constitute part of the entire record of agency action in connection with such review.

      ‘(7) EXCLUSIVITY- Compliance or noncompliance by an agency with the provisions of this section shall be subject to judicial review only in accordance with this subsection.

      ‘(8) SAVINGS CLAUSE- Nothing in this subsection bars judicial review of any other impact statement or similar analysis required by any other law if judicial review of such statement or analysis is otherwise permitted by law.

    ‘(g) DEFINITION- For purposes of this section, the term ‘personally identifiable information’ means information that can be used to identify an individual, including such individual’s name, address, telephone number, photograph, social security number or other identifying information. It includes information about such individual’s medical or financial condition.’.

    (b) PERIODIC REVIEW TRANSITION PROVISIONS-

      (1) INITIAL PLAN- For each agency, the plan required by subsection (e) of section 553a of title 5, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)), shall be published not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

      (2) In the case of a rule promulgated by an agency before the date of the enactment of this Act, such plan shall provide for the periodic review of such rule before the expiration of the 10-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act. For any such rule, the head of the agency may provide for a 1-year extension of such period if the head of the agency, before the expiration of the period, certifies in a statement published in the Federal Register that reviewing such rule before the expiration of the period is not feasible. The head of the agency may provide for additional 1-year extensions of the period pursuant to the preceding sentence, but in no event may the period exceed 15 years.

    (c) CONGRESSIONAL REVIEW- Section 801(a)(1)(B) of title 5, United States Code, is amended--

      (1) by redesignating clauses (iii) and (iv) as clauses (iv) and (v), respectively; and

      (2) by inserting after clause (ii) the following new clause:

      ‘(iii) the agency’s actions relevant to section 553a;’.

    (d) CLERICAL AMENDMENT- The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 5 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding after the item relating to section 553 the following new item:

      ‘553a. Privacy impact analysis in rulemaking.’.

Passed the House of Representatives October 7, 2002.

Attest:

Clerk.