H.R. 1 (108th): Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003

The Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act (also called the Medicare Modernization Act or MMA) is a federal law of the United States, enacted in 2003. It produced the largest overhaul of Medicare in the public health program's 38-year history.

The MMA was signed by President George W. Bush on December 8, 2003, after passing in Congress by ...


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Jun 25, 2003
108th Congress, 2003–2004


Enacted — Signed by the President on Dec 8, 2003

This bill was enacted after being signed by the President on December 8, 2003.


Pub.L. 108-173


Dennis “Denny” Hastert

Representative for Illinois's 14th congressional district



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Last Updated: Nov 25, 2003
Length: 415 pages


Jun 25, 2003

This is the first step in the legislative process.

Jun 27, 2003
Passed House

The bill was passed in a vote in the House. It goes to the Senate next.

Jul 7, 2003
Passed Senate with Changes

The Senate passed the bill with changes not in the House version and sent it back to the House to approve the changes. The vote was by Unanimous Consent so no record of individual votes was made.

Nov 22, 2003
Conference Report Agreed to by House

A conference committee was formed, comprising members of both the House and Senate, to resolve the differences in how each chamber passed the bill. The House approved the committee's report proposing the final form of the bill for consideration in both chambers. The Senate must also approve the conference report.

Nov 25, 2003
Conference Report Agreed to by Senate

The bill was passed by both chambers in identical form. It goes to the President next who may sign or veto the bill.

Dec 8, 2003
Enacted — Signed by the President

The President signed the bill and it became law.

H.R. 1 (108th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

This bill was introduced in the 108th Congress, which met from Jan 7, 2003 to Dec 9, 2004. Legislation not enacted by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

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“H.R. 1 — 108th Congress: Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003.” www.GovTrack.us. 2003. October 24, 2016 <https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/108/hr1>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from Congress.gov, the official portal of the United States Congress. Congress.gov is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.