< Back to H.R. 1323 (108th Congress, 2003–2004)

Text of the Reservist and National Guard Opportunities and Protection of Education Act

This bill was introduced on March 18, 2003, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted. The text of the bill below is as of Mar 18, 2003 (Introduced).

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Source: GPO

HR 1323 IH

108th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 1323

To amend the Higher Education Act of 1965 to require institutions of higher education to preserve the educational status and financial resources of military personnel called to active duty.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

March 18, 2003

Mr. FROST introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and the Workforce


A BILL

To amend the Higher Education Act of 1965 to require institutions of higher education to preserve the educational status and financial resources of military personnel called to active duty.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ‘Reservist and National Guard Opportunities and Protection of Education Act’.

SEC. 2. LEAVE OF ABSENCE FOR MILITARY SERVICE.

    (a) OBLIGATION AS PART OF PROGRAM PARTICIPATION REQUIREMENTS- Section 487(a)(22) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1094(a)(22)) is amended by inserting ‘and with the policy on leave of absence for active duty military service established pursuant to section 484C’ after ‘section 484B’.

    (b) LEAVE OF ABSENCE FOR MILITARY SERVICE- Part G of title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 is amended by inserting after section 484B (20 U.S.C. 1094) the following new section:

‘SEC. 484C. LEAVE OF ABSENCE FOR MILITARY SERVICE.

    ‘(a) LEAVE OF ABSENCE REQUIRED- Whenever a student who is a member of the National Guard or other reserve component of the Armed Forces of the United States, or a member of such Armed Forces in a retired status, is called or ordered to active duty, the institution of higher education in which the student is enrolled shall grant the student a military leave of absence from the institution while such student is serving on active duty, and for one year after the conclusion of such service.

    ‘(b) CONSEQUENCES OF MILITARY LEAVE OF ABSENCE-

      ‘(1) PRESERVATION OF STATUS AND ACCOUNTS- A student on a military leave of absence from an institution of higher education shall be entitled, upon release from serving on active duty, to be restored to the educational status such student had attained prior to being ordered to such duty without loss of academic credits earned, scholarships or grants awarded by the institution, or, subject to paragraph (2), tuition and other fees paid prior to the commencement of the active duty.

      ‘(2) REFUNDS-

        ‘(A) OBLIGATION TO REFUND; WITHDRAWAL NOT AUTOMATIC- An institution of higher education shall refund tuition or fees paid prior to the commencement of the active duty. Notwithstanding the 180-day limitation in section 484B(a)(2)(B), a student on a military leave of absence under this section shall not be treated as having withdrawn for purposes of section 484B unless the student fails to return at the end of the military leave of absence (as determined under subsection (a) of this section).

        ‘(B) PROPORTIONATE REDUCTION OF REFUND FOR TIME COMPLETED- If a student taking a military leave of absence for active duty requests a refund during a period of enrollment, the percentage of the tuition and fees that shall be refunded shall be equal 100 percent minus--

          ‘(i) the percentage of the period of enrollment (for which the tuition and fees were paid) that was completed (as determined in accordance with section 484B(d)) as of the day the student withdrew, provided that such date occurs on or before the completion of 60 percent of the period of enrollment; or

          ‘(ii) 100 percent, if the day the student withdrew occurs after the student has completed 60 percent of the period of enrollment.

    ‘(c) ACTIVE DUTY- In this section, the term ‘active duty’ has the meaning given such term in section 101(d)(1) of title 10, United States Code, except that such term--

      ‘(1) does not include active duty for training or attendance at a service school; but

      ‘(2) includes, in the case of members of the National Guard, active State duty.’.