The Clean Diamond Trade Act (CDTA), signed by United States President George W. Bush on 25 April 2003, implemented the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) to regulate the commercial sale of diamonds. On July 29, 2003, Bush signed Executive Order 13312, which described the implementation of the Clean Diamond Trade act. The act requires that all diamonds imported to the United States or exported from the United States have a Kimberley Process Certificate. The act aims to prohibit the importation of diamonds whose mining fuels conflict in the country of origin.
This summary is from Wikipedia.
The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.
(This measure has not been amended since it passed the Senate on April 10, 2003. The summary of that version is repeated here.)Clean Diamond Trade Act - (Sec. 4) Directs the President to prohibit the importation into, or exportation from, the United States of any rough diamond, from whatever source, that has not been controlled through the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS). Prescribes criteria for waiver of such prohibition.(Sec. 5) Directs the President to require the appropriate Government agency to conduct annual reviews of the standards, practices, and procedures of any entity in the United States that issues Kimberley Process Certificates for the exportation from the United States of rough diamonds to determine whether they accord with the KPCS.(Sec. 6) Makes the importing authority under this Act the U.S. Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (BCBP) and the exporting authority the Bureau of the Census.(Sec. 7) Declares that the Congress supports the policy that the President shall take appropriate steps to promote and facilitate the adoption of the KPCS by the international community.(Sec. 8) Sets forth civil and criminal penalties for violation of this Act. Authorizes the BCBP and the U.S. Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement to enforce this Act and the laws and regulations governing exports of rough diamonds, including with respect to the validation of the Kimberley Process Certificate by the exporting authority.(Sec. 9) Authorizes the President to direct the appropriate Federal agencies to make available technical assistance to countries seeking to implement the KPCS.(Sec. 10) Urges the President to work with states, customs territories, or regional economic integration organizations identified by the Secretary of State (Participants) to strengthen the KPCS through the adoption of measures for: (1) sharing statistics on rough diamonds production and trade; and (2) monitoring the effectiveness of the KPCS in stemming trade in diamonds whose importation or exportation is not controlled through the KPCS.Urges the executive branch continue to: (1) keep and publish statistics on imports and exports of rough diamonds; (2) make them available for analysis by interested parties and by Participants; and (3) take a leadership role in negotiating a standardized methodology among Participants for reporting such statistics.(Sec. 11) Directs the President to establish a Kimberley Process Implementation Coordinating Committee to coordinate the implementation of this Act.(Sec. 12) Prescribes annual reporting requirements.(Sec. 13) Directs the Comptroller General to report to Congress within two years after enactment of this Act on the effectiveness of its provisions in preventing the prohibited importation or exportation of rough diamonds.(Sec. 14) Authorizes the President to delegate the duties and authorities under this Act to appropriate Federal officers, departments, or agencies.