H. R. 2389
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
May 17, 2005
Mr. Akin (for himself, Mr. McIntyre, Mr. Aderholt, Mr. Bachus, Mr. Baker, Mr. Barrett of South Carolina, Mr. Bartlett of Maryland, Mr. Beauprez, Mr. Bilirakis, Mr. Bishop of Utah, Mr. Bishop of Georgia, Mrs. Blackburn, Mr. Blunt, Mr. Boehner, Mrs. Bono, Mr. Boozman, Mr. Boustany, Mr. Bradley of New Hampshire, Mr. Brady of Texas, Mr. Brown of South Carolina, Ms. Ginny Brown-Waite of Florida, Mr. Burgess, Mr. Burton of Indiana, Mr. Buyer, Mr. Calvert, Mr. Cantor, Mrs. Capito, Mr. Carter, Mr. Chabot, Mr. Chocola, Mr. Coble, Mr. Cole of Oklahoma, Mr. Costello, Mr. Crenshaw, Mrs. Cubin, Mr. Culberson, Mr. Cunningham, Mrs. Jo Ann Davis of Virginia, Mr. Davis of Tennessee, Mr. Tom Davis of Virginia, Mr. DeLay, Mr. Lincoln Diaz-Balart of Florida, Mr. Mario Diaz-Balart of Florida, Mr. Doolittle, Mrs. Drake, Mr. Duncan, Mr. Ehlers, Mrs. Emerson, Mr. Everett, Mr. Feeney, Mr. Ferguson, Mr. Forbes, Mr. Fossella, Ms. Foxx, Mr. Franks of Arizona, Mr. Frelinghuysen, Mr. Garrett of New Jersey, Mr. Gerlach, Mr. Gingrey, Mr. Gohmert, Mr. Goode, Mr. Gene Green of Texas, Mr. Gutknecht, Mr. Hall, Ms. Harris, Ms. Hart, Mr. Hastings of Washington, Mr. Hayes, Mr. Hayworth, Mr. Hensarling, Mr. Herger, Mr. Hostettler, Mr. Hulshof, Mr. Hunter, Mr. Hyde, Mr. Issa, Mr. Istook, Mr. Jenkins, Mr. Sam Johnson of Texas, Mr. Jones of North Carolina, Mr. Keller, Mr. Kennedy of Minnesota, Mr. King of Iowa, Mr. Kline, Mr. LaHood, Mr. Latham, Mr. LaTourette, Mr. Leach, Mr. Lewis of Kentucky, Mr. LoBiondo, Mr. Manzullo, Mr. Marshall, Mr. McCotter, Mr. McHenry, Mr. McHugh, Mr. McKeon, Mr. Mica, Mr. Gary G. Miller of California, Mr. Miller of Florida, Mrs. Musgrave, Mrs. Myrick, Mr. Neugebauer, Mr. Ney, Mrs. Northup, Mr. Norwood, Mr. Nussle, Mr. Otter, Mr. Paul, Mr. Pearce, Mr. Pence, Mr. Pickering, Mr. Pitts, Mr. Platts, Mr. Price of Georgia, Mr. Putnam, Mr. Radanovich, Mr. Rahall, Mr. Ramstad, Mr. Rehberg, Mr. Renzi, Mr. Reynolds, Mr. Rogers of Kentucky, Mr. Rogers of Alabama, Mr. Rogers of Michigan, Ms. Ros-Lehtinen, Mr. Ryan of Wisconsin, Mr. Ryun of Kansas, Mr. Shadegg, Mr. Shimkus, Mr. Shuster, Mr. Simpson, Mr. Smith of New Jersey, Mr. Smith of Texas, Mr. Sodrel, Mr. Souder, Mr. Stearns, Mr. Sullivan, Mr. Taylor of North Carolina, Mr. Thornberry, Mr. Tiahrt, Mr. Upton, Mr. Walden of Oregon, Mr. Weldon of Pennsylvania, Mr. Weldon of Florida, Mr. Whitfield, Mr. Wicker, Mr. Wilson of South Carolina, Mr. Wolf, Mr. Young of Florida, Mr. Young of Alaska, and Mr. Tiberi) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary
To amend title 28, United States Code, with respect to the jurisdiction of Federal courts over certain cases and controversies involving the Pledge of Allegiance.
This Act may be cited as the
Pledge Protection Act of 2005.
Limitation on jurisdiction
Chapter 99 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
Limitation on jurisdiction
Except as provided in subsection (b), no court created by Act of Congress shall have any jurisdiction, and the Supreme Court shall have no appellate jurisdiction, to hear or decide any question pertaining to the interpretation of, or the validity under the Constitution of, the Pledge of Allegiance, as defined in section 4 of title 4, or its recitation.
The limitation in subsection (a) does not apply to—
any court established by Congress under its power to make needful rules and regulations respecting the territory of the United States; or
the Superior Court of the District of Columbia or the District of Columbia Court of Appeals;
The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 99 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
1632. Limitation on jurisdiction