H.R. 4734 (109th): 21st Century National Defense Education Act

109th Congress, 2005–2006. Text as of Feb 08, 2006 (Introduced).

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I

109th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 4734

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

February 8, 2006

introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and the Workforce, and in addition to the Committee on Science, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

A BILL

To establish a comprehensive education program to bolster the economic competitiveness and national security of the United States by promoting science, technology, engineering, and math education, careers, and capacity, as well as foreign language acquisition.

1.

Short title; Table of Contents

(a)

Short title

This Act may be cited as the 21st Century National Defense Education Act or NDEA–21.

(b)

Table of Contents

Sec. 1. Short title; Table of Contents.

Sec. 2. Purpose.

Sec. 3. Findings.

Sec. 4. Definitions.

Title I—STEM Programs

Subtitle A—Elementary and Secondary Education

Sec. 101. Math and Science Next Initiative.

Sec. 102. Math and science teacher education requirements (MASTER) plan.

Subtitle B—Undergraduate Education

Sec. 111. STEM Loan Forgiveness.

Sec. 112. Research Experiences for Undergraduates programs.

Subtitle C—Graduate and Doctoral Education

Sec. 121. Professional science Master’s program for national security and economic competitiveness.

Sec. 122. Advanced foreign language education grant program.

Sec. 123. STEM Teaching Fellowships.

Subtitle D—STEM Revitalization Task Force

Sec. 131. STEM Revitalization Task Force.

Sec. 132. National STEM Advisor.

Sec. 133. Assistance from the Office of Science and Technology Policy.

Sec. 134. Reports.

Title II—Foreign Language and Cultural Programs

Sec. 201. Office of Teaching Another Language to Kids (TALK).

Sec. 216. Office of Teaching Another Language to Kids.

Sec. 202. National Foreign Language Coordinating Council.

2.

Purpose

The purpose of this Act is to strengthen national security and ensure the competitiveness of the United States’ economy by—

(1)

developing the skills and expertise of the Nation’s younger generations in science, technology, engineering, and math; and

(2)

increasing American students’ knowledge of languages, cultures, and areas around the globe.

3.

Findings

The Congress finds as follows:

(1)

In 1958, in response to the Soviet Union’s launch of Sputnik, Congress passed into law the National Defense Education Act (NDEA). The NDEA succeeded in educating a new generation of scientists, engineers, mathematicians, and linguists, which was essential to ensuring national security and America’s leadership in scientific advancement.

(2)

Although the United States remains a dominant force in innovation, a series of indicators, from academic scores to declining interest in science and engineering careers, demonstrate that the United States is losing its innovative edge.

(3)

Retirements in the science and engineering field are rapidly increasing, leading to a potential shortage in the high-tech talent required by the United States defense industry, as well as key Federal research and national defense agencies.

(4)

Language education is essential to America’s future. In the United States, language education has not been—and is not yet—a national priority. While the Federal Government recognizes the importance of language education to diplomacy, national security, and international commerce, the States, which are the major source of funding for education, do not yet have the same appreciation for its importance.

(5)

A national sense of urgency is needed to bring about change in the way the United States teaches foreign languages and to reinvigorate the science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields.

4.

Definitions

For the purposes of this Act:

(1)

STEM field

The term STEM field means a branch of knowledge or study of science, technology, engineering, or mathematics, as those terms are defined in this section.

(2)

Science

The term science means the branch of knowledge or study of the physical sciences (meaning the branch of knowledge or study of the material universe, including such fields of knowledge or study as astronomy, atmospheric sciences, chemistry, earth sciences, ocean sciences, physics, and planetary sciences) and the life sciences (meaning the branch of knowledge or study of living things, including such fields of knowledge or study as biology, biochemistry, biophysics, microbiology, genetics, physiology, botany, zoology, ecology, and behavioral biology, except that the term does not encompass the social sciences or the health professions).

(3)

Technology

The term technology means the application of science to industrial and commercial objectives, including the branch of knowledge or study—

(A)

of computers, (including such fields of knowledge or study as computer hardware, computer software, computer engineering, information systems, and robotics);

(B)

of electronic or digital products and systems; and

(C)

related to the fashioning of implements, the practicing of manual skills, and the extracting of resources.

(4)

Engineering

The term engineering means the science by which the properties of matter and the sources of energy in nature are made useful to humanity in structures, machines, and products, as in the construction of engines, bridges, buildings, mines, and chemical plants, including such fields of knowledge or study as aeronautical engineering, chemical engineering, civil engineering, electrical engineering, industrial engineering, materials engineering, manufacturing engineering, and mechanical engineering.

(5)

Mathematics

The term mathematics means the branch of knowledge or study of numbers and the systematic treatment of magnitude, relationships between figures and forms, and relations between quantities expressed symbolically, including such fields of knowledge or study as statistics, applied mathematics, and operations research.

(6)

Institution of higher education

The term institution of higher education has the meaning given such term in section 102 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1002).

(7)

Secretary

The term Secretary means the Secretary of Education.

(8)

State

The term State includes each of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and any other territory or possession of the United States, except that such term does not include the outlying areas for purposes of section 101(e) of this Act.

I

STEM Programs

A

Elementary and Secondary Education

101.

Math and Science Next Initiative

(a)

Program authorized

For the purpose described in subsection (b), the Secretary of Education shall make a grant in an amount determined pursuant to subsection (e) to each State that submits an application in accordance with subsection (f).

(b)

Purpose

A State receiving a grant under this section shall use the grant to make subgrants pursuant to subsection (c) and carry out the State activities described in subsection (d) for the purpose of providing a high-quality foundation in the STEM fields to children in kindergarten, elementary school, and secondary school.

(c)

Subgrants to LEAs

(1)

In general

Of the amount of funds made available to a State under this section for a fiscal year, the State shall use not less than 85 percent of such amount to award subgrants on a competitive basis to local educational agencies for the purpose described in subsection (b).

(2)

Selection

In awarding subgrants to local educational agencies under this section, a State shall—

(A)

determine the percentage of students served by such agencies in the State who are underrepresented minority students; and

(B)

of the amount of funds made available to the State under this section for a fiscal year, ensure that not less than a percentage of such funds equal to the percentage determined under subparagraph (A) is awarded to one or more local educational agencies that serve a population of students consisting of not less than 60 percent underrepresented minority students, except that this paragraph shall not apply with respect to a State in which no local educational agency in the State serves such a population.

(3)

Preference

In awarding subgrants to local educational agencies under this section, subject to paragraph (2), a State shall give preference to local educational agencies that agree to collaborate with industry and one or more institutions of higher education to carry out the activities described in paragraph (4).

(4)

Authorized activities

A local educational agency receiving a subgrant under this section shall use the subgrant for the following:

(A)

Establishing a high standard of instruction in the STEM fields through professional training for teachers, including training on integrated laboratory and academic content instruction.

(B)

Developing effective instructional materials, programs, curricula, learning systems, and strategies in the STEM fields, including instructional materials relating to integrated laboratory and academic content instruction.

(C)

Constructing and purchasing facilities and equipment necessary for high-quality, contemporary instruction in the STEM fields, including the provision of modern science and computer laboratories.

(D)

Developing contemporary courses of science study and courses of study designed to address recent advances and needs in the STEM fields, including courses of study that integrate academic content instruction with the use of a laboratory.

(E)

Developing career development initiatives to inform students about and promote career pathways in the STEM fields.

(d)

State activities

Of the amount of funds made available to a State under this section for a fiscal year, the State shall reserve not more than 15 percent of such amount for State activities. Of the amount reserved under this subsection, the State shall use not more than—

(1)

65 percent for professional development for instructors in the STEM fields;

(2)

25 percent for technical assistance for local educational agencies and schools; and

(3)

10 percent for planning, administration, and reporting.

(e)

Amount of grants

(1)

Reservation of funds

From the amount appropriated to carry out this section for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve a total of 1 percent to award grants to the outlying areas that submit applications in accordance with subsection (f).

(2)

National reservations

Of the amount of funds made available to carry out this section for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve—

(A)

not more than 2.5 percent or $25 million, whichever is greater, for national activities and program evaluation, including formulating guidelines to measure the effectiveness of programs under this section and determining whether such programs are achieving the purpose described in subsection (b) and are deserving of continued Federal support; and

(B)

not more than $5,000,000 for promoting, and disseminating information about, the programs under this subsection.

(3)

Allocations to States

Of the amount of funds appropriated to carry out this section for a fiscal year, and not reserved under paragraph (1) or (2), the Secretary shall allocate such amount among the States submitting applications in accordance with subsection (f) as follows:

(A)

Two-thirds of such amount shall be allocated based on the population of children aged 4 to 17 in the State.

(B)

One-third of such amount shall be allocated based on the population of children aged 4 to 17 in the State who are underrepresented minority students.

(4)

Minimum allocation

Notwithstanding paragraph (3), the Secretary shall ensure that each State described in such paragraph receives an allocation of not less than one-fourth of one percent of the amount allocated pursuant to such paragraph.

(f)

Applications

To receive a grant under this section, a State shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary determines necessary. Each such application—

(1)

shall be for a 6-year period; and

(2)

shall include an implementation plan for such period.

(g)

Reports

Each State receiving a grant under this section shall provide annual reports to the Secretary on the activities of the State under this section.

(h)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

The term local educational agency has the meaning given to that term in section 9101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).

(2)

The term outlying area has the meaning given to that term in section 9101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).

102.

Math and science teacher education requirements (MASTER) plan

(a)

MASTER plan purposes

The purposes of the programs under this section are to—

(1)

support cost-effective, content-based professional development for kindergarten, elementary, and secondary school STEM instructors;

(2)

support cost-effective development of kindergarten, elementary, and secondary school STEM teaching strategies; and

(3)

encourage new college graduates and mid- and late-career professionals with degrees or work experience in the STEM fields to enter kindergarten, elementary, and secondary school STEM instruction,

in order to populate American classrooms with content-qualified STEM teachers equipped with the tools to teach STEM courses effectively.
(b)

Professional development

(1)

National Academy of Sciences study

The Director of the National Science Foundation shall enter into an arrangement with the National Academy of Sciences for a study to identify appropriate mechanisms for promoting professional development to ensure effective STEM instruction and to create a national standard for effective STEM instruction. Such study shall be completed not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act.

(2)

Program

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of the National Science Foundation shall establish a program to promote professional development to ensure effective STEM instruction. Such program shall be implemented through grants to institutions of higher education, educational organizations, and for-profit companies. The program shall be designed to give priority to grants that support local educational agencies with large populations of underrepresented minorities or deficient STEM performance.

(c)

Centers of excellence

(1)

Establishment

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of the National Science Foundation shall establish a competitive grant program for the creation of Centers of Excellence for developing STEM curricula. Such Centers of Excellence shall be located at institutions of higher education that have received a grant under the program and shall consist of consortia of school districts, university departments of education, and university STEM and related departments. The goals of such Centers of Excellence shall be to—

(A)

develop scientifically-based STEM curricula and best STEM instruction practices;

(B)

produce certified teachers in STEM fields through 4-year or 5-year programs;

(C)

promote professional development for current STEM instructors; and

(D)

encourage secondary and post-secondary students to attain advanced degrees in the STEM fields and to pursue STEM careers.

(2)

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the National Science Foundation for carrying out this subsection $50,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2006 through 2011.

(d)

Recruiting STEM teachers

The Secretary of Education, in consultation with other appropriate agencies, shall develop and implement a program for the purpose of encouraging mid- and late-career professionals in the STEM fields to become kindergarten, elementary school, and secondary school teachers in the STEM fields.

B

Undergraduate Education

111.

STEM Loan Forgiveness

(a)

Purpose; Sense of the Congress

(1)

Purpose

It is the purpose of this section to encourage individuals to obtain a degree in a STEM field, and to pursue a career in such a field as a teacher or a Federal employee.

(2)

Sense of the Congress

It is the Sense of the Congress that the Federal Government should utilize programs such as the program under this section to attract 10,000 of America's brightest students to the teaching profession every year, each of whom can have an impact on nearly 1,000 students over the life of their careers.

(b)

Loan forgiveness

(1)

Loan forgiveness authorized

The Secretary is authorized to forgive, in accordance with paragraph (2), the student loan debt of an eligible borrower in the amount specified in subsection (d) of this section for consecutive complete years of qualified service by such eligible borrower completed after the date of enactment of this Act.

(2)

Method of loan forgiveness

To provide the loan forgiveness authorized in paragraph (1), the Secretary is authorized to carry out a program—

(A)

through the holder of the loan, to assume the obligation to repay a qualified loan amount for a loan made under part B of title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1071 et seq.); and

(B)

to cancel a qualified loan amount for loans made under parts D and E of such title.

(3)

Reimbursement

The Secretary shall reimburse an institution of higher education for any amounts canceled under paragraph (2) with respect to a loan under part E of title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087aa et seq.) in the same manner as is required by section 465(b) of such Act with respect to a loan cancelled under section 465(a) of such Act.

(c)

Eligible borrower

The Secretary is authorized to provided loan forgiveness to any individual who—

(1)

has obtained an undergraduate degree in a STEM field;

(2)

is performing qualified service as a full-time employee in a position—

(A)

in an elementary or secondary school as a teacher of a course in a STEM field; or

(B)

in an agency of the United States Government in a position that requires training or education in a STEM field, as determined by the Secretary;

(3)

is a citizen or permanent legal resident of the United States; and

(4)

is in repayment status and is not in default on a loan for which the borrower seeks forgiveness.

(d)

Payment in installments

The Secretary shall forgive the loan obligation of the borrower, in accordance with subsection (b)(2), not to exceed $10,000 in the aggregate, in the following increments:

(1)

At the completion of the second year of service, $1,500 or 15 percent of the borrower's loan obligation that is outstanding at the completion of such year, whichever is less.

(2)

At the completion of the third year of service, $1,500 or 15 percent of the borrower's loan obligation that was outstanding at the completion of the second year of service, whichever is less.

(3)

At the completion of the fourth year of service, $2,000 or 20 percent of the borrower's loan obligation that was outstanding at the completion of the second year of service, whichever is less.

(4)

At the completion of the fifth year of service, $5,000 or 50 percent of the borrower's loan obligation that was outstanding at the completion of the second year of service, whichever is less.

(e)

Application

(1)

In general

The Secretary shall by regulation establish procedures by which borrowers shall apply for loan forgiveness under this section.

(2)

Promise to complete service required for payment

Any application for loan forgiveness under this section shall contain an agreement by the applicant that the applicant will continue in qualifying service described under subsection (c)(2) for not less than 5 consecutive complete years, or will, upon a failure to complete such 5 years of service, repay the United States the amount of the principal and interest forgiven by the Secretary, at a rate and schedule, and in accordance with regulations, prescribed by the Secretary. Such regulations may provide for waiver by the Secretary of such repayment obligations upon proof of economic hardship as specified in such regulations.

(f)

Priority

Loan forgiveness under this section shall be subject to the availability of appropriations. The Secretary shall select loan forgiveness recipients from the applicants based on academic achievement and a demonstrated commitment to national or community service, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary. In selecting loan forgiveness recipients, the Secretary shall take into consideration whether an eligible borrower is a member of minority group that is traditionally underrepresented in the STEM fields, as determined by the Secretary.

(g)

Regulations

Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue regulations to carry out this section.

(h)

Program Evaluation

(1)

Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 2 years thereafter, the Secretary shall evaluate, based on guidelines established in advance of the evaluation, the effectiveness of the program under this section. The Secretary shall report to the President and Congress regarding each such evaluation no later than 3 months after its completion.

(2)

Of the funds appropriated to carry out this section, not more than 5 percent shall be used for the program evaluation described in paragraph (1).

(i)

Construction

Nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize any refunding of any repayment of a loan.

(j)

Prevention of double benefits

No borrower may, for the same service, receive a benefit under both this section and—

(1)

section 428J of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1078–10);

(2)

section 460 of such Act (20 U.S.C. 1087j); or

(3)

subtitle D of title I of the National and Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12571 et seq.).

(k)

Definition

For purposes of this section, the term year, where applied to service as a teacher, means an academic year as defined by the Secretary.

(l)

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $100,000,000 for fiscal year 2007, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 5 succeeding fiscal years.

112.

Research Experiences for Undergraduates programs

(a)

Establishment of program

The Director of the National Science Foundation shall establish a competitive STEM Research Experiences for Undergraduates Matching Fund program. The program shall promote research experiences for undergraduate students in STEM fields through grants to institutions of higher education.

(b)

Preference

In awarding grants under this section the Director shall give preference to proposals that—

(1)

would enhance underrepresented minority participation in STEM fields;

(2)

promote infrastructure development at institutions of higher education;

(3)

employ students on campus predominantly in research-related jobs;

(4)

provide mentoring about STEM study and career pathways to students participating in the program established under this section; and

(5)

provide monetary incentives to faculty who agree to mentor students, not in excess of $1,000.

(c)

Matching funds

Grants under this section shall be made in an amount not to exceed 50 percent of the costs of the research experiences for undergraduates program of the recipient institution.

(d)

Tracking and promotion

The Director shall implement the program under this section in a manner that tracks the success of the program, and that promotes STEM and research experiences for undergraduates programs. Success shall be measured on the basis of student-centered variables, including persistence in STEM major, graduation, and STEM graduate program matriculation, not on the basis of research outputs.

(e)

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the National Science Foundation for carrying out this section $20,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2006 through 2011, not more than 2 percent of which for each fiscal year shall be for evaluation activities under subsection (d).

C

Graduate and Doctoral Education

121.

Professional science Master’s program for national security and economic competitiveness

(a)

Program

The Director of the National Science Foundation shall establish a competitive program to provide grants to institutions of higher education for the creation of professional science Master’s programs for national security and economic competitiveness. Such program shall provide a professional context for academic science expertise that has been identified by Federal agencies and industry as holding extreme importance and urgency. Such program shall be developed in coordination with industry, academia, the Department of Defense, the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Energy, and other appropriate entities to create specific capacity in areas of high demand related to STEM. The Director may also seek input from or collaboration with the Sloan Foundation, which has a demonstrated record of success in professional science Master’s programs.

(b)

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the National Science Foundation for carrying out this section $50,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2006 through 2011.

122.

Advanced foreign language education grant program

(a)

Program

The Director of the National Science Foundation shall establish a program to support STEM students pursuing study or research programs in foreign countries identified by the National Foreign Language Task Force as having languages of critical strategic importance to the United States. Study or research under this subsection shall be carried out in the language of the foreign country.

(b)

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the National Science Foundation for carrying out this section $5,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2006 through 2011.

123.

STEM Teaching Fellowships

(a)

Purpose

It is the purpose of this section to authorize a national STEM Teaching Fellowship program in order to encourage individuals of superior ability and achievement to pursue teaching careers in the STEM fields and to provide such individuals with the financial support necessary to complete post-graduate degrees in the STEM fields.

(b)

Award of STEM Teaching Fellowships

(1)

Authority to award STEM Teaching Fellowships

Each academic year, the Secretary shall award, from funds not otherwise appropriated, STEM Teaching Fellowships, in accordance with the provisions of this section, to 50 individuals of superior ability selected on the basis of high academic achievement and a demonstrated commitment to national or community service.

(2)

Designation of fellows

Individuals receiving awards under this section shall be known as STEM Teaching Fellows. The Secretary shall promote the STEM Teaching Fellows, and the prestige of the fellowships, as a way to promote the STEM fields in the United States.

(3)

Eligibility

To be eligible to be a STEM Teaching Fellow, an individual shall—

(A)

be a citizen or permanent legal resident of the United States;

(B)

have earned a master’s degree in a STEM field; and

(C)

enter into an agreement with the Secretary to be a full-time teacher of a course in a STEM field at an elementary or secondary school for 5 complete academic years, in exchange for the fellowship award.

(c)

Administration of fellowship program

(1)

Authority to contract

The Secretary is authorized to enter into a contract with a nongovernmental entity to administer the program under this section if the Secretary determines that entering into the contract is an efficient means of carrying out the program.

(2)

Fellowship Board

(A)

Appointment

The Secretary shall appoint a STEM Teaching Fellows Program Fellowship Board (hereinafter in this section referred to as the Board) consisting of 9 individuals representative of public and private institutions of higher education who are especially qualified to serve on the Board. In making appointments, the Secretary shall give due consideration to the appointment of individuals who are highly respected in the academic and professional community for each of the STEM fields. The Secretary shall assure that individuals appointed to the Board are broadly representative of the range of disciplines in the STEM fields.

(B)

Duties

The Board shall—

(i)

oversee the operation of the program established by this section;

(ii)

establish specific criteria for the award of STEM Teaching Fellowships, or, in the event that the Secretary enters into a contract with a nongovernmental entity to administer the program assisted under this section, such nongovernmental entity shall establish such criteria;

(iii)

appoint panels of academic scholars with distinguished backgrounds in the STEM fields for the purpose of selecting fellows, except that, in the event that the Secretary enters into a contract with a nongovernmental entity to administer the program, such panels may be appointed by such nongovernmental entity; and

(iv)

prepare and submit to the Congress at least once in every 3-year period—

(I)

a report on the effectiveness of the program established by this section; and

(II)

recommendations regarding any modifications in the program that the Board determines are appropriate.

(C)

Consultations

In carrying out its responsibilities, the Board shall consult on a regular basis with representatives of the National Science Foundation and representatives of institutions of higher education and associations of such institutions, learned societies, and professional organizations.

(D)

Term

The term of office of each member of the Board shall be 4 years, except that any member appointed to fill a vacancy shall serve for the remainder of the term for which the predecessor of the member was appointed. No member may serve for a period in excess of 6 years.

(E)

Initial meeting; Vacancy

The Secretary shall call the first meeting of the Board, at which the first order of business shall be the election of a Chairperson and a Vice Chairperson, who shall serve until 1 year after the date of the appointment of the Chairperson and Vice Chairperson. Thereafter each officer shall be elected for a term of 2 years. In case a vacancy occurs in either office, the Board shall elect an individual from among the members of the Board to fill such vacancy.

(F)

Quorum; Additional meetings

(i)

A majority of the members of the Board shall constitute a quorum.

(ii)

The Board shall meet at least once a year or more frequently, as may be necessary, to carry out the Board’s responsibilities.

(G)

Compensation

Members of the Board, while serving on the business of the Board, shall be entitled to receive compensation at rates fixed by the Secretary, but not exceeding the rate of basic pay payable for level IV of the Executive Schedule, including travel time, and while so serving away from their homes or regular places of business, the members may be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, as authorized by section 5703 of title 5, United States Code, for persons in Government service employed intermittently.

(d)

Allocation of fellowships

(1)

Application process

The Secretary shall make applications for STEM Teaching Fellowships available not later than October 1 of the academic year preceding the academic year for which fellowships shall be awarded, and shall announce the recipients of fellowships under this section not later than April 1 of such preceding academic year.

(2)

Use of selection panels

The recipients of fellowships shall be selected in each designated STEM field from among all applicants nationwide in each STEM field by distinguished panels appointed by the Board to make such selections under criteria established by the Board, except that, in the event that the Secretary enters into a contract with a nongovernmental entity to administer the program, such panels may be appointed by such nongovernmental entity. The number of recipients in each field in each year shall not exceed the number of fellows allocated to that field for that year by the Board.

(e)

Fellowship award

(1)

Stipends

The Secretary shall pay—

(A)

to each STEM Teaching Fellow—

(i)

for each of the 5 years during which the Fellow is teaching a course in a STEM field at an elementary or secondary school, a stipend in an amount equal to 25 percent of the salary paid by the school district to the Fellow for such teaching services, which shall be in addition to the salary paid by such school district; and

(ii)

for each year, not to exceed 7 years, during which the Fellow is enrolled full-time or part-time in an educational program for which an institution of higher education awards a post-graduate degree in a STEM field, an amount equal to—

(I)

the cost of attendance (as defined in section 472 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087ll)) for the Fellow for such year; less

(II)

any other grant assistance received by the Fellow for such year for the pursuit of such degree; and

(B)

to a school district that employs a Fellow under this section, for each of the 5 years during which such Fellow is teaching a course in a STEM field in an elementary or secondary school in such school district, an amount equal to 25 percent of the salary paid by the school district to the Fellow for such teaching services, which the school district shall use to provide resources to the elementary or secondary school at which the Fellow is a teacher, to assist such school in educating students in the STEM fields.

(2)

Post-graduate option

A STEM Teaching Fellow shall be eligible to receive the stipend described in paragraph (1)(A)(ii) only if such Fellow successfully completes the 5-year teaching commitment described in subsection (b)(3)(C).

(f)

Fellowship conditions

(1)

Reports from recipients

The Secretary is authorized to require reports containing such information in such form and filed at such times as the Secretary determines necessary from any STEM Teaching Fellow. The reports shall be accompanied by a certificate from an appropriate official at—

(A)

the elementary or secondary school at which the Fellow is teaching, stating that such Fellow is employed full-time as a teacher of a course in a STEM field; or

(B)

the institution of higher education at which the Fellow is pursuing a post-graduate degree in a STEM field, stating that such Fellow is enrolled full-time in the post-graduate degree program for which a stipend under subsection (e)(1)(A)(ii) is awarded.

(2)

Fellowship portability

A STEM Teaching Fellow shall be entitled to use the post-graduate fellowship stipend for a post-graduate program at any one institution of higher education in which the Fellow is enrolled.

(3)

Post-graduate fellowship options

A STEM Teaching Fellow shall not be required to pursue a post-graduate degree, or to extend the fellowship beyond the 5-year teaching commitment described in subsection (b)(3)(C).

D

STEM Revitalization Task Force

131.

STEM Revitalization Task Force

(a)

Establishment

There is established the STEM Revitalization Task Force (referred to in this subtitle as the Task Force), which shall be an independent establishment as defined under section 104 of title 5, United States Code.

(b)

Membership

The Task Force shall consist of the following members or their designees:

(1)

The National STEM Advisor, who shall serve as the chairperson of the Task Force.

(2)

The Secretary of Education.

(3)

The Director of the National Science Foundation.

(4)

The Secretary of Homeland Security.

(5)

The Director of National Intelligence.

(6)

The Secretary of Defense.

(7)

The Secretary of Energy.

(8)

The Secretary of Commerce.

(9)

The Director of the National Institutes of Health.

(10)

The heads of such other Federal agencies as the Task Force considers appropriate.

(11)

Three representatives from academia, selected by the Director of the National Science Foundation.

(12)

Three representatives from the defense and homeland security industry, one representative each selected by the President, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and the minority leader of the House of Representatives.

(13)

Five general industry representatives, one representative each selected by the President, the majority leader of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the minority leader of the Senate, and the minority leader of the House of Representatives.

(c)

Responsibilities

The Task Force shall be charged with—

(1)

evaluating the effectiveness of STEM education and programs in elementary and secondary schools and institutions of higher education, including undergraduate and graduate programs, and identifying successful programs and best practices that can be replicated at other schools and institutions;

(2)

developing a national marketing campaign promoting STEM study and STEM careers that shall include the identification of STEM educational programs and careers, public service announcements, and an awareness campaign at elementary and secondary schools, in part by appealing to Americans’ patriotism and vibrant sense of national duty; and

(3)

identifying STEM degrees for which there is a national need, reporting specifically on national need in the fields of energy, defense, homeland security, communications and connectivity, conservation and environmental science, and computer technology.

(d)

Staff

(1)

In general

The National STEM Advisor may appoint and fix the compensation of such additional personnel as the Advisor considers necessary to carry out the duties of the Task Force.

(2)

Details from other agencies

Upon request of the Task Force, the head of any Federal agency may detail, on a reimbursable basis, any of the personnel of such agency to the Task Force.

(3)

Experts and consultants

With the approval of the Task Force, the National STEM Advisor may procure temporary and intermittent services under section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code.

(e)

Powers

(1)

Delegation

Any member or employee of the Task Force may, if authorized by the Task Force, take any action that the Task Force is authorized to take in this Act.

(2)

Information

The Task Force may secure directly from any Federal agency such information as the Task Force considers necessary to carry out its responsibilities. Upon request of the National STEM Advisor, the head of such agency shall furnish such information to the Task Force.

(3)

Donations

The Task Force may accept, use, and dispose of gifts or donations of services or property.

(4)

Mail

The Task Force may use the United States mail in the same manner and under the same conditions as other Federal agencies.

132.

National STEM Advisor

(a)

In General

There is established a National STEM Advisor who shall be appointed by the President. The National STEM Advisor shall be a nationally recognized individual with credentials and abilities across all of the sectors to be involved with creating and implementing long-term solutions to achieving national STEM competency.

(b)

Responsibilities

The National STEM Advisor shall—

(1)

develop and oversee the implementation of a national STEM strategy across all sectors;

(2)

establish formal relationships among the major stakeholders involved in meeting the needs of the United States for improved capabilities in STEM fields, including Federal, State, and local government agencies, academia, industry, and labor; and

(3)

coordinate and lead the public information campaign described in paragraph (2) of section 133.

(c)

Compensation

The National STEM Advisor shall be paid at a rate of pay payable for a position at level V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of title 5, United States Code.

133.

Assistance from the Office of Science and Technology Policy

The Office of Science and Technology Policy may provide to the Task Force, upon the request of the National STEM Advisor, such services, funds, facilities, staff, and other support services as the Office may determine advisable and as may be authorized by law.

134.

Reports

Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Task Force shall prepare and transmit to the President and Congress a report that describes the activities of the Task Force and the efforts of the Task Force to perform the responsibilities described in section 133. Such report shall include a detailed statement of any findings by the Task Force and recommendations for legislative action and administrative action.

II

Foreign Language and Cultural Programs

201.

Office of Teaching Another Language to Kids (TALK)

(a)

In general

The Secretary of Education shall take such steps as may be appropriate for the orderly transfer of the personnel, assets, obligations, and functions of the Office of English Language Acquisition, Language Enhancement, and Academic Achievement for Limited English Proficient Students to the Office of Teaching Another Language to Kids.

(b)

Amendments

Title II of the Department of Education Organization Act (20 U.S.C. 3411 et seq.) is amended—

(1)

by striking section 209; and

(2)

by striking section 216 and inserting the following:

216.

Office of Teaching Another Language to Kids

(a)

Establishment and duties

(1)

In general

There is established within the Department of Education an office to be known as the Office of Teaching Another Language to Kids (in this section referred to as the Office) for the purpose of improving foreign language education from kindergarten through 12th grade. The Secretary shall appoint a director as the head of the Office.

(2)

Duties

To carry out the purpose described in paragraph (1), the Director of the Office shall—

(A)

create—

(i)

a local educational agency foreign language feeder program;

(ii)

a dual language immersion program; and

(iii)

a national foreign language program for the training of teachers;

(B)

contract with educational organizations to provide efficient and effective professional instruction for programs of the Office, which training may include summer language teaching institutes at several locations around the country;

(C)

recommend improvements and provide technical assistance to other Federal programs serving language-minority students, students with limited English proficiency, and their families;

(D)

ensure that language-minority students and students with limited English proficiency are included in ways that are valid, reliable, and fair for all standards and assessments conducted or funded by the Department; and

(E)

assist the Assistant Secretary of the Office of Educational Research and Improvement in identifying research priorities that reflect the needs of language-minority students and students with limited English proficiency.

(b)

Foreign language feeder program

(1)

Grants to SEAs

(A)

Grants

For the purpose described in subparagraph (B), the Director of the Office shall make a grant in the amount determined under subparagraph (C) to each State educational agency that submits an application under subparagraph (D).

(B)

Use of funds

Each State educational agency receiving a grant under this subsection shall use the grant for the purpose of making competitive subgrants to consortia of local educational agencies to enable such consortia to establish foreign language programs emphasizing continuity of instruction from elementary school through 12th grade and, if possible, through college.

(C)

Amount of grants

From the total amount appropriated to carry out this section for a fiscal year, the Director of the Office shall allot to each State educational agency that submits an application in accordance with subparagraph (D) an amount that bears the same ratio to such total amount as the population of children aged 4 to 17 in the State bears to the aggregate population of children aged 4 to 17 in all States for which applications are submitted in accordance with subparagraph (D).

(D)

Application

(i)

In general

To seek a grant under this subsection, a State educational agency shall submit an application to the Director of the Office at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Director determines necessary to carry out this subsection.

(ii)

Contents

At a minimum, each application submitted under this subparagraph shall demonstrate to the Director’s satisfaction that the State educational agency will meet basic standards to ensure that foreign language programs under this subsection are successful.

(2)

Subgrants to consortia of LEAs

(A)

Use of funds

A consortium of local educational agencies receiving a subgrant under this subsection shall use the subgrant to establish a foreign language program emphasizing continuity of instruction from elementary school through 12th grade. Such program—

(i)

shall include—

(I)

elementary school instruction at least 3 times each week in 30 minute periods;

(II)

middle school instruction at least 5 times each week in 45 minute periods; and

(III)

high school instruction at least 5 times each week in 50 minute periods;

(ii)

may include international student exchange programs for high school students; and

(iii)

shall be coordinated with, and relate to, the content being taught in other subject matter courses (a technique known as content-based language instruction).

(B)

Application

To seek a subgrant under this subsection, a consortium of local educational agencies shall submit an application to the State educational agency at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the State educational agency may require.

(c)

Dual language immersion program

(1)

In general

The Director of the Office may make grants to local educational agencies serving areas with a large percentage of heritage language speakers to establish dual language immersion programs described in paragraph (2).

(2)

Use of funds

A grant may be made under this subsection only if the applicant involved agrees to use the grant to establish a dual language immersion program that—

(A)

by instructing in both English and the heritage language of the community, facilitates—

(i)

foreign language acquisition; and

(ii)

English language acquisition by students with limited English proficiency; and

(B)

provides students with strong language skills to enable those students to contribute to national security, government service, and global economic competitiveness.

(3)

Application

To seek a grant under this subsection, a local educational agency shall submit an application to the Secretary in such form, in such manner, and containing such agreements, assurances, and information as the Secretary may require.

(4)

Heritage language

For purposes of this subsection, the term heritage language refers to a foreign language that is used within a community by residents or citizens of the United States who are native speakers of, or who have partial fluency in, such language.

(d)

National Foreign Language Program

(1)

In general

To carry out the purpose described in subsection (a)(1), the Director of the Office may enter into contracts with educational organizations for the development of summer institutes for teachers of grades kindergarten through 12.

(2)

Use of funds

A contract may be entered into under paragraph (1) only if the applicant involved agrees, with respect to the program established by the applicant, as follows:

(A)

To teach language instruction methodologies based on the standards articulated in the documented entitled Standards for Foreign Language Learning in the 21st Century.

(B)

To promote strong teaching skills for foreign language teachers and individuals who are studying to become teachers.

(C)

To design programs to prepare a teacher to provide professional development to other teachers at a school, to assist novice teachers at such school, including (if applicable) a mechanism to integrate experiences from the summer workshop or institute.

(D)

To recruit university students with foreign language majors to participate in the institute and to become language instructors.

(e)

Evaluation and Accountability Plan

The Director of the Office shall develop an evaluation and accountability plan for use by each entity receiving a grant or subgrant under this section. The plan shall include objectives and measures for—

(1)

increasing participation by students in advanced courses in foreign language;

(2)

increasing the percentages of secondary school classes in foreign language taught by teachers with academic majors in foreign language; and

(3)

increasing the number of foreign language teachers who participate in professional development activities.

(f)

Reports by grantees

Each entity receiving a grant under this section shall annually report to the Secretary regarding the progress of the entity in meeting the performance objectives described in subsection (e).

(g)

National evaluation

(1)

In general

Each year, the Director shall conduct a quantitative evaluation of the activities conducted under this section and their long-term impacts.

(2)

Reports

Not less than every 3 years, the Director of the Office shall submit a report to the Congress on the activities conducted under this section and the results of evaluations conducted under paragraph (1).

(h)

Authorization of appropriations

(1)

In general

To carry out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated $500,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2007 through 2011.

(2)

Reservation

Of the amount appropriated to carry out this section for a fiscal year, the Director of the Office shall use not less than 4 percent and not more than 8 percent of such amount to conduct evaluations required by subsection (g)(1).

(i)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

The term local educational agency has the meaning given to that term in section 9101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).

(2)

The term State educational agency has the meaning given to that term in section 9101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).

.

202.

National Foreign Language Coordinating Council

(a)

Establishment

(1)

In general

There is established in the Executive Office of the President the National Foreign Language Coordinating Council (referred to as the Council in this section).

(2)

Membership

(A)

In general

The Council shall consist of the ex officio members specified in subparagraph (B) and the representatives appointed under subparagraph (C).

(B)

Ex officio members

The Council shall include the following ex officio members (or their designees):

(i)

The National Foreign Language Advisor, who shall serve as the chairperson of the Council.

(ii)

The Director of National Intelligence.

(iii)

The Secretary of Homeland Security.

(iv)

The Secretary of Defense.

(v)

The Secretary of Education.

(vi)

The Secretary of Agriculture.

(vii)

The Attorney General of the United States.

(viii)

The Secretary of Labor.

(ix)

The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.

(x)

The Secretary of Health and Human Services.

(xi)

The Secretary of Commerce.

(xii)

One representative of the National Security Education Program Board.

(xiii)

The Secretary of State.

(xiv)

The heads of such other Federal agencies as the Council considers appropriate.

(C)

Appointed members

The Council shall include the following members appointed by the President:

(i)

Three representatives of academia.

(ii)

Three representatives of industry.

(3)

Responsibilities

(A)

In general

The Council shall be charged with—

(i)

developing a national foreign language strategy within 18 months of the date of enactment of this Act; and

(ii)

overseeing the implementation of such strategy.

(B)

Strategy content

The strategy developed under subparagraph (A) shall include—

(i)

identification of crucial priorities across all sectors, including by identifying foreign languages for which there is a national need;

(ii)

identification and evaluation of Federal foreign language programs and activities, including—

(I)

recommendations on coordination;

(II)

program enhancements; and

(III)

allocation of resources so as to maximize use of resources;

(iii)

needed national policies and corresponding legislative and regulatory actions in support of, and allocation of designated resources to, promising programs and initiatives at all levels (Federal, State, and local), especially in the less commonly taught languages that are seen as critical for national security and global competitiveness in the next 20 to 50 years;

(iv)

effective ways to increase public awareness of the need for foreign language skills and career paths in all sectors that can employ those skills, with the objective of increasing support for foreign language study among—

(I)

Federal, State, and local leaders;

(II)

students;

(III)

parents;

(IV)

elementary, secondary, and postsecondary educational institutions; and

(V)

potential employers;

(v)

incentives for related educational programs, including foreign language teacher training;

(vi)

coordination of cross-sector efforts, including public-private partnerships;

(vii)

coordination initiatives to develop a strategic posture for language research and recommendations for funding for applied foreign language research into issues of national concern;

(viii)

assistance for—

(I)

the development and implementation of foreign language content and performance standards, including implementation of such standards developed by the Council or other groups;

(II)

corresponding assessments for the elementary, secondary, and postsecondary education levels, including the National Assessment of Educational Progress in foreign languages;

(III)

the development and implementation of language skill-level certification standards;

(IV)

an ideal course of pre-service and professional development study for those who teach foreign language; and

(V)

suggested graduation criteria for foreign language studies and appropriate non-language studies, such as—

(aa)

international business;

(bb)

national security;

(cc)

public administration; and

(dd)

health care; and

(ix)

identification of and means for replicating best practices at all levels and in all sectors, including best practices from the international community.

(4)

Meetings

The Council may hold such meetings, and sit and act at such times and places, as the Council considers appropriate, but shall meet in formal session at least 2 times a year. State and local government agencies and other organizations (such as academic sector institutions, foreign language-related interest groups, business associations, industry, and heritage community organizations) shall be invited, as appropriate, to public meetings of the Council at least once a year.

(5)

Staff

(A)

In general

The National Foreign Language Advisor may appoint and fix the compensation of such additional personnel as the Advisor considers necessary to carry out the duties of the Council.

(B)

Details from other agencies

Upon request of the Council, the head of any Federal agency may detail, on a reimbursable basis, any of the personnel of such agency to the Council.

(C)

Experts and consultants

With the approval of the Council, the National Foreign Language Advisor may procure temporary and intermittent services under section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code.

(6)

Powers

(A)

Delegation

Any member or employee of the Council may, if authorized by the Council, take any action that the Council is authorized to take in this Act.

(B)

Information

The Council may secure directly from any Federal agency such information as the Council considers necessary to carry out its responsibilities. Upon request of the National Foreign Language Advisor, the head of such agency shall furnish such information to the Council.

(C)

Donations

The Council may accept, use, and dispose of gifts or donations of services or property.

(D)

Mail

The Council may use the United States mail in the same manner and under the same conditions as other Federal agencies.

(7)

Conferences, newsletter, and website

In carrying out this section, the Council—

(A)

may arrange Federal, regional, State, and local conferences for the purpose of developing and coordinating effective programs and activities to improve foreign language education;

(B)

may publish a newsletter concerning Federal, State, and local programs that are effectively meeting the foreign language needs of the Nation; and

(C)

shall create and maintain a website containing information on the Council and its activities, best practices on language education, and other relevant information.

(8)

Reports

Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Council shall prepare and transmit to the President and Congress a report that describes—

(A)

the activities of the Council;

(B)

the efforts of the Council to improve foreign language education and training; and

(C)

any impediments, including any statutory and regulatory restrictions, to such efforts.

(b)

National Foreign Language Advisor

(1)

In general

There shall be a National Foreign Language Advisor, who shall be appointed by the President. The National Foreign Language Advisor shall be a nationally recognized individual with credentials and abilities across all of the sectors to be involved with creating and implementing long-term solutions to achieving national foreign language and cultural competency.

(2)

Responsibilities

The National Foreign Language Advisor shall—

(A)

develop and oversee the implementation of a national foreign language strategy across all sectors;

(B)

establish formal relationships among the major stakeholders in meeting the needs of the Nation for improved capabilities in foreign languages and cultural understanding, including Federal, State, and local government agencies, academia, industry, labor, and heritage communities; and

(C)

coordinate and lead a public information campaign that raises awareness of public and private sector careers requiring foreign language skills and cultural understanding, with the objective of increasing interest in and support for the study of foreign languages among national leaders, the business community, local officials, parents, and individuals.

(3)

Compensation

The National Foreign Language Advisor shall be paid at a rate of pay payable for a position at level V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of title 5, United States Code.