< Back to H.R. 4772 (109th Congress, 2005–2006)

Text of the Private Property Rights Implementation Act of 2006

This bill was introduced in a previous session of Congress and was passed by the House on September 29, 2006 but was never passed by the Senate. The text of the bill below is as of Nov 13, 2006 (Referred to Senate Committee).

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HR 4772 RFS

109th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 4772

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

September 30 (legislative day, SEPTEMBER 29), 2006

Received

November 13, 2006

Read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary


AN ACT

To simplify and expedite access to the Federal courts for injured parties whose rights and privileges under the United States Constitution have been deprived by final actions of Federal agencies or other government officials or entities acting under color of State law, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the `Private Property Rights Implementation Act of 2006'.

SEC. 2. JURISDICTION IN CIVIL RIGHTS CASES CONCERNING REAL PROPERTY.

    Section 1343 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

    `(c) Whenever a district court exercises jurisdiction under subsection (a) in an action in which the operative facts concern the uses of real property, it shall not abstain from exercising or relinquish its jurisdiction to a State court if the party seeking redress does not allege a violation of a State law, right, or privilege, and no parallel proceeding is pending in State court, at the time the action is filed in the district court, that arises out of the same operative facts as the district court proceeding.

    `(d) In an action in which the operative facts concern the uses of real property, the district court shall exercise jurisdiction under subsection (a) even if the party seeking redress does not pursue judicial remedies provided by a State or territory of the United States.

    `(e) If the district court has jurisdiction over an action under subsection (a) in which the operative facts concern the uses of real property and which cannot be decided without resolution of an unsettled question of State law, the district court may certify the question of State law to the highest appellate court of that State. After the State appellate court resolves the question so certified, the district court shall proceed with resolving the merits. The district court shall not certify a question of State law under this subsection unless the question of State law--

      `(1) is necessary to resolve the merits of the Federal claim of the injured party; and

      `(2) is patently unclear.

    `(f)(1) Any claim or action brought under section 1979 of the Revised Statutes of the United States (42 U.S.C. 1983) to redress the deprivation of a property right or privilege secured by the Constitution shall be ripe for adjudication by the district courts upon a final decision rendered by any person acting under color of any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage, of any State or territory of the United States, which causes actual and concrete injury to the party seeking redress.

    `(2) For purposes of this subsection, a final decision exists if--

      `(A) any person acting under color of any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage, of any State or territory of the United States, makes a definitive decision regarding the extent of permissible uses on the property that has been allegedly infringed or taken, without regard to any uses that may be permitted elsewhere; and

      `(B) one meaningful application to use the property has been submitted but denied, and the party seeking redress has applied for but is denied one waiver and one appeal, if the applicable statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage provides a mechanism for waiver by or appeal to an administrative agency.

    The party seeking redress shall not be required to apply for a waiver or appeal described in subparagraph (B) if such waiver or appeal is unavailable or can not provide the relief requested, or if pursuit of such a mechanism would otherwise be futile.'.

SEC. 3. UNITED STATES AS DEFENDANT.

    Section 1346 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

    `(h)(1) Any claim brought under subsection (a) that is founded upon a property right or privilege secured by the Constitution, but was allegedly infringed or taken by the United States, shall be ripe for adjudication upon a final decision rendered by the United States, which causes actual and concrete injury to the party seeking redress.

    `(2) For purposes of this subsection, a final decision exists if--

      `(A) the United States makes a definitive decision regarding the extent of permissible uses on the property that has been allegedly infringed or taken, without regard to any uses that may be permitted elsewhere; and

      `(B) one meaningful application to use the property has been submitted but denied, and the party seeking redress has applied for but is denied one waiver and one appeal, if the applicable law of the United States provides a mechanism for waiver by or appeal to an administrative agency.

    The party seeking redress shall not be required to apply for a waiver or appeal described in subparagraph (B) if such waiver or appeal is unavailable or can not provide the relief requested, or if pursuit of such a mechanism would otherwise be futile.'.

SEC. 4. JURISDICTION OF COURT OF FEDERAL CLAIMS.

    Section 1491(a) of title 28, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

    `(3) Any claim brought under this subsection founded upon a property right or privilege secured by the Constitution, but allegedly infringed or taken by the United States, shall be ripe for adjudication upon a final decision rendered by the United States, that causes actual and concrete injury to the party seeking redress. For purposes of this paragraph, a final decision exists if--

        `(A) the United States makes a definitive decision regarding the extent of permissible uses on the property that has been allegedly infringed or taken, without regard to any uses that may be permitted elsewhere; and

        `(B) one meaningful application to use the property has been submitted but denied, and the party seeking redress has applied for but is denied one waiver and one appeal, if the applicable statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage provides a mechanism for waiver by or appeal to an administrative agency.

      The party seeking redress shall not be required to apply for a waiver or appeal described in subparagraph (B) if such waiver or appeal is unavailable or can not provide the relief requested, or if pursuit of such a mechanism would otherwise be futile.'.

SEC. 5. CLARIFICATION FOR CERTAIN CONSTITUTIONAL PROPERTY RIGHTS CLAIMS.

    Section 1979 of the Revised Statutes of the United States (42 U.S.C. 1983) is amended by adding at the end the following: `If the party injured seeks to redress the deprivation of a property right or privilege under this section that is secured by the Constitution by asserting a claim that concerns--

      `(1) an approval to develop real property that is subject to conditions or exactions, then the person acting under color of State law is liable if any such condition or exaction, whether legislative or adjudicatory in nature, including but not limited to the payment of a monetary fee or a dedication of real property from the injured party, is unconstitutional;

      `(2) a subdivision of real property pursuant to any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage of any State or territory, or the District of Columbia, then such a claim shall be decided with reference to each subdivided lot, regardless of ownership, if such a lot is taxed, or is otherwise treated and recognized, as an individual property unit by the State, territory, or the District of Columbia; or

      `(3) alleged deprivation of substantive due process, then the action of the person acting under color of State law shall be judged as to whether it is arbitrary, capricious, an abuse of discretion, or otherwise not in accordance with law.

    For purposes of the preceding sentence, `State law' includes any law of the District of Columbia or of any territory of the United States.'.

SEC. 6. CLARIFICATION FOR CERTAIN CONSTITUTIONAL PROPERTY RIGHTS CLAIMS AGAINST THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) District Court Jurisdiction- Section 1346 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

    `(i) If a claim brought under subsection (a) is founded upon a property right or privilege secured by the Constitution that concerns--

      `(1) an approval from an executive agency to permit or authorize uses of real property that is subject to conditions or exactions, then the United States is liable if any such condition or exaction, whether legislative or adjudicatory in nature, including but not limited to the payment of a monetary fee or a dedication of real property from the injured party, is unconstitutional;

      `(2) a subdivision of real property pursuant to any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage of any State or territory, or the District of Columbia, then such a claim against an executive agency shall be decided with reference to each subdivided lot, regardless of ownership, if such a lot is taxed, or is otherwise treated and recognized, as an individual property unit by the State or territory, or the District of Columbia, as the case may be; or

      `(3) an alleged deprivation of substantive due process, then the United States shall be judged as to whether its action is arbitrary, capricious, an abuse of discretion, or otherwise not in accordance with law.

    In this subsection, the term `executive agency' has the meaning given that term in section 105 of title 5.'.

    (b) Court of Federal Claims Jurisdiction- Section 1491 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

    `(4) If a claim brought under subsection (a) is founded upon a property right or privilege secured by the Constitution that concerns--

      `(A) an approval from an executive agency to permit or authorize uses of real property that is subject to conditions or exactions, then the United States is liable if any such condition or exaction, whether legislative or adjudicatory in nature, including but not limited to the payment of a monetary fee or a dedication of real property from the injured party, is unconstitutional;

      `(B) a subdivision of real property pursuant to any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage of any State or territory, or the District of Columbia, then such a claim against an executive agency shall be decided with reference to each subdivided lot, regardless of ownership, if such a lot is taxed, or is otherwise treated and recognized, as an individual property unit by the State, or territory, or the District of Columbia, as the case may be; or

      `(C) an alleged deprivation of substantive due process, then the United States shall be judged as to whether its action is arbitrary, capricious, an abuse of discretion, or otherwise not in accordance with law.

    In this paragraph, the term `executive agency' has the meaning given that term in section 105 of title 5.'.

SEC. 7. DUTY OF NOTICE TO OWNERS.

    (a) In General- Whenever a Federal agency takes an agency action limiting the use of private property that may be affected by the amendments by this Act, the agency shall, not later than 30 days after the agency takes that action, give notice to the owners of that property explaining their rights under such amendments and the procedures for obtaining any compensation that may be due them under such amendments.

    (b) Definitions- For purposes of subsection (a)--

      (1) the term `Federal agency' means `agency', as that term is defined in section 552(f) of title 5, United States Code; and

      (2) the term `agency action' has the meaning given that term in section 551 of title 5, United States Code.

SEC. 8. SEVERABILITY AND EFFECTIVE DATE.

    (a) Severability- If any provision of this Act or the amendments made by this Act or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of this Act, the amendments made by this Act, or the application thereof to other persons not similarly situated or to other circumstances shall not be affected by such invalidation.

    (b) Effective Date- The amendments made by this Act shall apply to actions commenced on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.

Passed the House of Representatives September 29, 2006.

Attest:

KAREN L. HAAS,

Clerk.