H.R. 5441 (109th): Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2007

109th Congress, 2005–2006. Text as of Oct 03, 2006 (Passed Congress/Enrolled Bill).

Status & Summary | PDF | Source: GPO

H.R.5441

One Hundred Ninth Congress

of the

United States of America

AT THE SECOND SESSION

Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,

the third day of January, two thousand and six

An Act

Making appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2007, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2007, for the Department of Homeland Security and for other purposes, namely:

TITLE I

DEPARTMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND OPERATIONS

Office of the Secretary and Executive Management

    For necessary expenses of the Office of the Secretary of Homeland Security, as authorized by section 102 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 112), and executive management of the Department of Homeland Security, as authorized by law, $94,470,000: Provided, That not to exceed $40,000 shall be for official reception and representation expenses: Provided further, That of the funds provided under this heading, $5,000,000 shall not be available for obligation until the Secretary of Homeland Security submits a comprehensive port, container, and cargo security strategic plan to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives; the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives; the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate; and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate that requires screening all inbound cargo, doubles the percentage of inbound cargo currently inspected, sets minimum standards for securing inbound cargo, and includes the fiscal year 2007 performance requirements for port, container, and cargo security as specified in the joint explanatory statement accompanying this Act: Provided further, That of the funds provided under this heading, $10,000,000 shall not be available for obligation until the Secretary submits the Secure Border Initiative multi-year strategic plan to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives, the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives, the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate, and the Committees on the Judiciary of the Senate and the House of Representatives no later than December 1, 2006, that includes: a comprehensive mission statement, an identification of long-term goals, an explanation of how long-term goals will be achieved, schedule and resource requirements for goal achievement, an identification of annual performance goals and how they link to long-term goals, an identification of annual performance measures used to gauge effectiveness towards goal achievement by goal, and an identification of major capital assets critical to program success.

Office of the Under Secretary for Management

    For necessary expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Management, as authorized by sections 701 through 705 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 341 through 345), $153,640,000: Provided, That not to exceed $3,000 shall be for official reception and representation expenses: Provided further, That of the total amount provided, $8,206,000 shall remain available until expended solely for the alteration and improvement of facilities, tenant improvements, and relocation costs to consolidate Department headquarters operations.

Office of the Chief Financial Officer

    For necessary expenses of the Office of the Chief Financial Officer, as authorized by section 103 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 113), $26,000,000.

Office of the Chief Information Officer

    For necessary expenses of the Office of the Chief Information Officer, as authorized by section 103 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 113), and Department-wide technology investments, $349,013,000; of which $79,521,000 shall be available for salaries and expenses; and of which $269,492,000 shall be available for development and acquisition of information technology equipment, software, services, and related activities for the Department of Homeland Security, and for the costs of conversion to narrowband communications, including the cost for operation of the land mobile radio legacy systems, to remain available until expended: Provided, That none of the funds appropriated shall be used to support or supplement the appropriations provided for the United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology project or the Automated Commercial Environment: Provided further, That the Chief Information Officer shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives, not more than 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act, an expenditure plan for all information technology projects that: (1) are funded under this heading; or (2) are funded by multiple components of the Department of Homeland Security through reimbursable agreements: Provided further, That such expenditure plan shall include each specific project funded, key milestones, all funding sources for each project, details of annual and lifecycle costs, and projected cost savings or cost avoidance to be achieved by the project.

Analysis and Operations

    For necessary expenses for information analysis and operations coordination activities, as authorized by title II of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 121 et seq.), $299,663,000, to remain available until September 30, 2008, of which not to exceed $5,000 shall be for official reception and representation expenses.

Office of the Federal Coordinator for Gulf Coast Rebuilding

    For necessary expenses of the Office of the Federal Coordinator for Gulf Coast Rebuilding, $3,000,000: Provided, That $1,000,000 shall not be available for obligation until the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives receive an expenditure plan for fiscal year 2007.

Office of Inspector General

    For necessary expenses of the Office of Inspector General in carrying out the provisions of the Inspector General Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.), $85,185,000, of which not to exceed $100,000 may be used for certain confidential operational expenses, including the payment of informants, to be expended at the direction of the Inspector General: Provided, That the Department of Homeland Security Inspector General shall investigate whether, and to what extent, in adjusting and settling claims resulting from Hurricane Katrina, insurers making flood insurance coverage available under the Write-Your-Own program pursuant to section 1345 of the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 4081) and subpart C of part 62 of title 44, Code of Federal Regulations, improperly attributed damages from such hurricane to flooding covered under the insurance coverage provided under the national flood insurance program rather than to windstorms covered under coverage provided by such insurers or by windstorm insurance pools in which such insurers participated: Provided further, That the Department of Homeland Security Inspector General shall submit a report to Congress not later than April 1, 2007, setting forth the conclusions of such investigation.

TITLE II

SECURITY, ENFORCEMENT, AND INVESTIGATIONS

United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology

    For necessary expenses for the development of the United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology project, as authorized by section 110 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1365a), $362,494,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That of the total amount made available under this heading, $200,000,000 may not be obligated for the United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology project until the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives receive and approve a plan for expenditure prepared by the Secretary of Homeland Security that--

      (1) meets the capital planning and investment control review requirements established by the Office of Management and Budget, including Circular A-11, part 7;

      (2) complies with the Department of Homeland Security information systems enterprise architecture;

      (3) complies with the acquisition rules, requirements, guidelines, and systems acquisition management practices of the Federal Government;

      (4) includes a certification by the Chief Information Officer of the Department of Homeland Security that an independent verification and validation agent is currently under contract for the project;

      (5) is reviewed and approved by the Department of Homeland Security Investment Review Board, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Office of Management and Budget;

      (6) is reviewed by the Government Accountability Office;

      (7) includes a comprehensive strategic plan for the United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology project; and

      (8) includes a complete schedule for the full implementation of a biometric exit program.

United States Customs and Border Protection

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    For necessary expenses for enforcement of laws relating to border security, immigration, customs, and agricultural inspections and regulatory activities related to plant and animal imports; purchase and lease of up to 4,500 (3,500 for replacement only) police-type vehicles; and contracting with individuals for personal services abroad; $5,562,186,000; of which $379,602,000 shall be used to hire additional border patrol agents, of which $93,000,000 shall be available until September 30, 2008; of which $3,026,000 shall be derived from the Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund for administrative expenses related to the collection of the Harbor Maintenance Fee pursuant to section 9505(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 9505(c)(3)) and notwithstanding section 1511(e)(1) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 551(e)(1)); of which not to exceed $45,000 shall be for official reception and representation expenses; of which not less than $175,796,000 shall be for Air and Marine Operations; of which such sums as become available in the Customs User Fee Account, except sums subject to section 13031(f)(3) of the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 (19 U.S.C. 58c(f)(3)), shall be derived from that account; of which not to exceed $150,000 shall be available for payment for rental space in connection with preclearance operations; and of which not to exceed $1,000,000 shall be for awards of compensation to informants, to be accounted for solely under the certificate of the Secretary of Homeland Security: Provided, That of the amount provided under this heading, $100,000,000 of inspection and detection technology investments funding is designated as described in section 520 of this Act: Provided further, That for fiscal year 2007, the overtime limitation prescribed in section 5(c)(1) of the Act of February 13, 1911 (19 U.S.C. 267(c)(1)) shall be $35,000; and notwithstanding any other provision of law, none of the funds appropriated by this Act may be available to compensate any employee of United States Customs and Border Protection for overtime, from whatever source, in an amount that exceeds such limitation, except in individual cases determined by the Secretary of Homeland Security, or the designee of the Secretary, to be necessary for national security purposes, to prevent excessive costs, or in cases of immigration emergencies.

automation modernization

    For expenses for customs and border protection automated systems, $451,440,000, to remain available until expended, of which not less than $316,800,000 shall be for the development of the Automated Commercial Environment: Provided, That of the total amount made available under this heading, $216,800,000 may not be obligated for the Automated Commercial Environment until the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives receive and approve a plan for expenditure prepared by the Secretary of Homeland Security that--

      (1) meets the capital planning and investment control review requirements established by the Office of Management and Budget, including Circular A-11, part 7;

      (2) complies with the Department of Homeland Security information systems enterprise architecture;

      (3) complies with the acquisition rules, requirements, guidelines, and systems acquisition management practices of the Federal Government;

      (4) includes a certification by the Chief Information Officer of the Department of Homeland Security that an independent verification and validation agent is currently under contract for the project;

      (5) is reviewed and approved by the Department of Homeland Security Investment Review Board, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Office of Management and Budget; and

      (6) is reviewed by the Government Accountability Office.

BORDER SECURITY FENCING, INFRASTRUCTURE, AND TECHNOLOGY

    For expenses for customs and border protection fencing, infrastructure, and technology, $1,187,565,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That of the amount provided under this heading, $1,159,200,000 is designated as described in section 520 of this Act: Provided further, That of the amount provided under this heading, $950,000,000 shall not be obligated until the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives receive and approve a plan for expenditure, prepared by the Secretary of Homeland Security and submitted within 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act, to establish a security barrier along the border of the United States of fencing and vehicle barriers, where practicable, and other forms of tactical infrastructure and technology, that--

      (1) defines activities, milestones, and costs for implementing the program;

      (2) demonstrates how activities will further the goals and objectives of the Secure Border Initiative (SBI), as defined in the SBI multi-year strategic plan;

      (3) identifies funding and the organization staffing (including full-time equivalents, contractors, and detailees) requirements by activity;

      (4) reports on costs incurred, the activities completed, and the progress made by the program in terms of obtaining operational control of the entire border of the United States;

      (5) includes a certification by the Chief Procurement Officer of the Department of Homeland Security that procedures to prevent conflicts of interest between the prime integrator and major subcontractors are established and a certification by the Chief Information Officer of the Department of Homeland Security that an independent verification and validation agent is currently under contract for the project;

      (6) complies with all applicable acquisition rules, requirements, guidelines, and best systems acquisition management practices of the Federal Government;

      (7) complies with the capital planning and investment control review requirements established by the Office of Management and Budget, including Circular A-11, part 7;

      (8) is reviewed and approved by the Department of Homeland Security Investment Review Board, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Office of Management and Budget; and

      (9) is reviewed by the Government Accountability Office.

AIR AND MARINE INTERDICTION, OPERATIONS, MAINTENANCE, AND PROCUREMENT

    For necessary expenses for the operations, maintenance, and procurement of marine vessels, aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles, and other related equipment of the air and marine program, including operational training and mission-related travel, and rental payments for facilities occupied by the air or marine interdiction and demand reduction programs, the operations of which include the following: the interdiction of narcotics and other goods; the provision of support to Federal, State, and local agencies in the enforcement or administration of laws enforced by the Department of Homeland Security; and at the discretion of the Secretary of Homeland Security, the provision of assistance to Federal, State, and local agencies in other law enforcement and emergency humanitarian efforts, $602,187,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That of the amount provided under this heading, $232,000,000 of procurement is designated as described in section 520 of this Act: Provided further, That no aircraft or other related equipment, with the exception of aircraft that are one of a kind and have been identified as excess to United States Customs and Border Protection requirements and aircraft that have been damaged beyond repair, shall be transferred to any other Federal agency, department, or office outside of the Department of Homeland Security during fiscal year 2007 without the prior approval of the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives.

CONSTRUCTION

    For necessary expenses to plan, construct, renovate, equip, and maintain buildings and facilities necessary for the administration and enforcement of the laws relating to customs and immigration, $232,978,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That of the amount provided under this heading, $110,000,000 is designated as described in section 520 of this Act.

Immigration and Customs Enforcement

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    For necessary expenses for enforcement of immigration and customs laws, detention and removals, and investigations; and purchase and lease of up to 3,790 (2,350 for replacement only) police-type vehicles; $3,887,000,000, of which not to exceed $7,500,000 shall be available until expended for conducting special operations under section 3131 of the Customs Enforcement Act of 1986 (19 U.S.C. 2081); of which not to exceed $15,000 shall be for official reception and representation expenses; of which not to exceed $1,000,000 shall be for awards of compensation to informants, to be accounted for solely under the certificate of the Secretary of Homeland Security; of which not less than $102,000 shall be for promotion of public awareness of the child pornography tipline; of which not less than $203,000 shall be for Project Alert; of which not less than $5,400,000 may be used to facilitate agreements consistent with section 287(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1357(g)); and of which not to exceed $11,216,000 shall be available to fund or reimburse other Federal agencies for the costs associated with the care, maintenance, and repatriation of smuggled illegal aliens: Provided, That none of the funds made available under this heading shall be available to compensate any employee for overtime in an annual amount in excess of $35,000, except that the Secretary of Homeland Security, or the designee of the Secretary, may waive that amount as necessary for national security purposes and in cases of immigration emergencies: Provided further, That of the total amount provided, $15,770,000 shall be for activities to enforce laws against forced child labor in fiscal year 2007, of which not to exceed $6,000,000 shall remain available until expended.

FEDERAL PROTECTIVE SERVICE

    The revenues and collections of security fees credited to this account shall be available until expended for necessary expenses related to the protection of federally-owned and leased buildings and for the operations of the Federal Protective Service: Provided, That the Secretary submit a report, approved by the Office of Management and Budget, to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives no later than November 1, 2006, demonstrating how the operations of the Federal Protective Service will be fully funded in fiscal year 2007 through revenues and collection of security fees.

AUTOMATION MODERNIZATION

    For expenses of immigration and customs enforcement automated systems, $15,000,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That of the funds made available under this heading, $13,000,000 may not be obligated until the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives receive and approve a plan for expenditure prepared by the Secretary of Homeland Security that--

      (1) meets the capital planning and investment control review requirements established by the Office of Management and Budget, including Circular A-11, part 7;

      (2) complies with the Department of Homeland Security information systems enterprise architecture;

      (3) complies with the acquisition rules, requirements, guidelines, and systems acquisition management practices of the Federal Government;

      (4) includes a certification by the Chief Information Officer of the Department of Homeland Security that an independent verification and validation agent is currently under contract for the project;

      (5) is reviewed and approved by the Department of Homeland Security Investment Review Board, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Office of Management and Budget; and

      (6) is reviewed by the Government Accountability Office.

CONSTRUCTION

    For necessary expenses to plan, construct, renovate, equip, and maintain buildings and facilities necessary for the administration and enforcement of the laws relating to customs and immigration, $56,281,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That of the amount provided under this heading, $30,000,000 is designated as described in section 520 of this Act.

Transportation Security Administration

aviation security

    For necessary expenses of the Transportation Security Administration related to providing civil aviation security services pursuant to the Aviation and Transportation Security Act (Public Law 107-71; 115 Stat. 597; 49 U.S.C. 40101 note), $4,731,814,000, to remain available until September 30, 2008, of which not to exceed $10,000 shall be for official reception and representation expenses: Provided, That of the total amount made available under this heading, not to exceed $3,768,266,000 shall be for screening operations, of which $141,400,000 shall be available only for procurement of checked baggage explosive detection systems and $138,000,000 shall be available only for installation of checked baggage explosive detection systems; and not to exceed $963,548,000 shall be for aviation security direction and enforcement: Provided further, That of the funds appropriated under this heading, $5,000,000 shall not be obligated until the Secretary of Homeland Security submits to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives a detailed report in response to findings in the Department of Homeland Security Office of Inspector General report (OIG-04-44) concerning contractor fees: Provided further, That security service fees authorized under section 44940 of title 49, United States Code, shall be credited to this appropriation as offsetting collections and shall be available only for aviation security: Provided further, That the sum herein appropriated from the General Fund shall be reduced on a dollar-for-dollar basis as such offsetting collections are received during fiscal year 2007, so as to result in a final fiscal year appropriation from the General Fund estimated at not more than $2,311,814,000: Provided further, That any security service fees collected in excess of the amount made available under this heading shall become available during fiscal year 2008: Provided further, That notwithstanding section 44923 of title 49, United States Code, the share of the cost of the Federal Government for a project under any letter of intent shall be 75 percent for any medium or large hub airport and not more than 90 percent for any other airport, and all funding provided by section 44923(h) of title 49, United States Code, or from appropriations authorized under section 44923(i)(1) of title 49, United States Code, may be distributed in any manner deemed necessary to ensure aviation security and to fulfill the Government's planned cost share under existing letters of intent: Provided further, That by December 1, 2006, the Transportation Security Administration shall submit a detailed air cargo security action plan addressing each of the recommendations contained in the 2005 Government Accountability Office Report (GAO-06-76) on domestic air cargo security to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives; the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives; the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate; and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate: Provided further, That Members of the United States House of Representatives and United States Senate, including the leadership; and the heads of Federal agencies and commissions, including the Secretary, Under Secretaries, and Assistant Secretaries of the Department of Homeland Security; the United States Attorney General and Assistant Attorneys General and the United States attorneys; and senior members of the Executive Office of the President, including the Director of the Office of Management and Budget; shall not be exempt from Federal passenger and baggage screening: Provided further, That beginning in fiscal year 2007 and thereafter, reimbursement for security services and related equipment and supplies provided in support of general aviation access to the Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport shall be credited to this appropriation and shall be available until expended solely for those purposes: Provided further, That none of the funds in this Act shall be used to recruit or hire personnel into the Transportation Security Administration which would cause the agency to exceed a staffing level of 45,000 full-time equivalent screeners.

SURFACE TRANSPORTATION SECURITY

    For necessary expenses of the Transportation Security Administration related to providing surface transportation security activities, $37,200,000, to remain available until September 30, 2008.

TRANSPORTATION THREAT ASSESSMENT AND CREDENTIALING

    For necessary expenses for the development and implementation of screening programs of the Office of Transportation Threat Assessment and Credentialing, $39,700,000, to remain available until September 30, 2008.

transportation security support

    For necessary expenses of the Transportation Security Administration related to providing transportation security support and intelligence pursuant to the Aviation and Transportation Security Act (Public Law 107-71; 115 Stat. 597; 49 U.S.C. 40101 note), $525,283,000, to remain available until September 30, 2008: Provided, That of the funds appropriated under this heading, $5,000,000 may not be obligated until the Secretary of Homeland Security submits to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives a detailed expenditure plan for explosive detection systems refurbishment, procurement, and installations on an airport-by-airport basis for fiscal year 2007: Provided further, That this plan shall be submitted no later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act.

FEDERAL AIR MARSHALS

    For necessary expenses of the Federal Air Marshals, $714,294,000.

United States Coast Guard

operating expenses

    For necessary expenses for the operation and maintenance of the United States Coast Guard not otherwise provided for; purchase or lease of not to exceed 25 passenger motor vehicles, which shall be for replacement only; payments pursuant to section 156 of Public Law 97-377 (42 U.S.C. 402 note; 96 Stat. 1920); and recreation and welfare; $5,477,657,000, of which $340,000,000 shall be for defense-related activities; of which $24,255,000 shall be derived from the Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund to carry out the purposes of section 1012(a)(5) of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (33 U.S.C. 2712(a)(5)); and of which not to exceed $10,000 shall be for official reception and representation expenses: Provided, That none of the funds made available by this or any other Act shall be available for administrative expenses in connection with shipping commissioners in the United States: Provided further, That none of the funds made available by this Act shall be for expenses incurred for yacht documentation under section 12109 of title 46, United States Code, except to the extent fees are collected from yacht owners and credited to this appropriation: Provided further, That not to exceed five percent of this appropriation may be transferred to the `Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements' appropriation for personnel compensation and benefits and related costs to adjust personnel assignment to accelerate management and oversight of new or existing projects without detrimentally affecting the management and oversight of other projects: Provided further, That the amount made available for `Personnel, Compensation, and Benefits' in the `Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements' appropriation shall not be increased by more than 10 percent by such transfers: Provided further, That the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives shall be notified of each transfer within 30 days after it is executed by the Treasury.

ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE AND RESTORATION

    For necessary expenses to carry out the environmental compliance and restoration functions of the United States Coast Guard under chapter 19 of title 14, United States Code, $10,880,000, to remain available until expended.

reserve training

    For necessary expenses of the Coast Guard Reserve, as authorized by law; operations and maintenance of the reserve program; personnel and training costs; and equipment and services; $122,448,000.

acquisition, construction, and improvements

    For necessary expenses of acquisition, construction, renovation, and improvement of aids to navigation, shore facilities, vessels, and aircraft, including equipment related thereto; and maintenance, rehabilitation, lease and operation of facilities and equipment, as authorized by law; $1,330,245,000, of which $19,800,000 shall be derived from the Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund to carry out the purposes of section 1012(a)(5) of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (33 U.S.C. 2712(a)(5)); of which $26,550,000 shall be available until September 30, 2011, to acquire, repair, renovate, or improve vessels, small boats, and related equipment; of which $15,000,000 shall be available until September 30, 2011, to increase aviation capability; of which $119,823,000 shall be available until September 30, 2009, for other equipment; of which $22,000,000 shall be available until September 30, 2009, for shore facilities and aids to navigation facilities; of which $81,000,000 shall be available for personnel compensation and benefits and related costs; and of which $1,065,872,000 shall be available until September 30, 2011, for the Integrated Deepwater Systems program: Provided, That the Commandant of the Coast Guard is authorized to dispose of surplus real property, by sale or lease, and the proceeds shall be credited to this appropriation as offsetting collections and shall be available until September 30, 2009: Provided further, That the Secretary of Homeland Security shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives, in conjunction with the President's fiscal year 2008 budget, a review of the Revised Deepwater Implementation Plan that identifies any changes to the plan for the fiscal year; an annual performance comparison of Deepwater assets to pre-Deepwater legacy assets; a status report of legacy assets; a detailed explanation of how the costs of legacy assets are being accounted for within the Deepwater program; a description of how the Coast Guard is planning for the human resource needs of Deepwater assets; a description of the competitive process conducted in all contracts and subcontracts exceeding $5,000,000 within the Deepwater program; and the earned value management system gold card data for each Deepwater asset: Provided further, That the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives a comprehensive review of the Revised Deepwater Implementation Plan every five years, beginning in fiscal year 2011, that includes a complete projection of the acquisition costs and schedule for the duration of the plan through fiscal year 2027: Provided further, That the Secretary shall annually submit to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives, at the time that the President's budget is submitted under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, a future-years capital investment plan for the Coast Guard that identifies for each capital budget line item--

      (1) the proposed appropriation included in that budget;

      (2) the total estimated cost of completion;

      (3) projected funding levels for each fiscal year for the next five fiscal years or until project completion, whichever is earlier;

      (4) an estimated completion date at the projected funding levels; and

      (5) changes, if any, in the total estimated cost of completion or estimated completion date from previous future-years capital investment plans submitted to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives:

    Provided further, That the Secretary shall ensure that amounts specified in the future-years capital investment plan are consistent to the maximum extent practicable with proposed appropriations necessary to support the programs, projects, and activities of the Coast Guard in the President's budget as submitted under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, for that fiscal year: Provided further, That any inconsistencies between the capital investment plan and proposed appropriations shall be identified and justified: Provided further, That of the amount provided under this heading, $175,800,000 is designated as described in section 520 of this Act.

ALTERATION OF BRIDGES

    For necessary expenses for alteration or removal of obstructive bridges, as authorized by section 6 of the Truman-Hobbs Act (33 U.S.C. 516), $16,000,000, to remain available until expended.

RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

    For necessary expenses for applied scientific research, development, test, and evaluation; and for maintenance, rehabilitation, lease, and operation of facilities and equipment; as authorized by law; $17,000,000, to remain available until expended, of which $495,000 shall be derived from the Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund to carry out the purposes of section 1012(a)(5) of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (33 U.S.C. 2712(a)(5)): Provided, That there may be credited to and used for the purposes of this appropriation funds received from State and local governments, other public authorities, private sources, and foreign countries for expenses incurred for research, development, testing, and evaluation.

RETIRED PAY

    For retired pay, including the payment of obligations otherwise chargeable to lapsed appropriations for this purpose, payments under the Retired Serviceman's Family Protection and Survivor Benefits Plans, payment for career status bonuses, concurrent receipts and combat-related special compensation under the National Defense Authorization Act, and payments for medical care of retired personnel and their dependents under chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, $1,063,323,000.

United States Secret Service

PROTECTION, ADMINISTRATION, AND TRAINING

    For necessary expenses of the United States Secret Service, including purchase of not to exceed 755 vehicles for police-type use, of which 624 shall be for replacement only, and hire of passenger motor vehicles; purchase of motorcycles made in the United States; hire of aircraft; services of expert witnesses at such rates as may be determined by the Director of the Secret Service; rental of buildings in the District of Columbia, and fencing, lighting, guard booths, and other facilities on private or other property not in Government ownership or control, as may be necessary to perform protective functions; payment of per diem or subsistence allowances to employees where a protective assignment during the actual day or days of the visit of a protectee requires an employee to work 16 hours per day or to remain overnight at a post of duty; conduct of and participation in firearms matches; presentation of awards; travel of United States Secret Service employees on protective missions without regard to the limitations on such expenditures in this or any other Act if approval is obtained in advance from the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives; research and development; grants to conduct behavioral research in support of protective research and operations; and payment in advance for commercial accommodations as may be necessary to perform protective functions; $961,779,000, of which not to exceed $25,000 shall be for official reception and representation expenses: Provided, That up to $18,000,000 provided for protective travel shall remain available until September 30, 2008: Provided further, That up to $18,400,000 for candidate nominee protection shall remain available until September 30, 2009: Provided further, That up to $1,000,000 for National Special Security Events shall remain available until expended: Provided further, That of the total amount provided under this heading, $2,000,000 shall not be available for obligation until the Director of the Secret Service submits a comprehensive workload re-balancing report to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives that includes funding and position requirements for current investigative and protective operations: Provided further, That the United States Secret Service is authorized to obligate funds in anticipation of reimbursements from Federal agencies and entities, as defined in section 105 of title 5, United States Code, receiving training sponsored by the James J. Rowley Training Center, except that total obligations at the end of the fiscal year shall not exceed total budgetary resources available under this heading at the end of the fiscal year.

INVESTIGATIONS AND FIELD OPERATIONS

    For necessary expenses for investigations and field operations of the United States Secret Service, not otherwise provided for, including costs related to office space and services of expert witnesses at such rate as may be determined by the Director of the Secret Service, $311,154,000; of which not to exceed $100,000 shall be to provide technical assistance and equipment to foreign law enforcement organizations in counterfeit investigations; of which $2,366,000 shall be for forensic and related support of investigations of missing and exploited children; and of which $6,000,000 shall be a grant for activities related to the investigations of missing and exploited children and shall remain available until expended.

ACQUISITION, CONSTRUCTION, IMPROVEMENTS, AND RELATED EXPENSES

    For necessary expenses for acquisition, construction, repair, alteration, and improvement of facilities, $3,725,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That of the total amount provided under this heading, $500,000 shall not be available for obligation until the Director of the Secret Service submits a revised master plan to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives for the James J. Rowley Training Center.

TITLE III

PREPAREDNESS AND RECOVERY

PREPAREDNESS

Management and Administration

    For salaries and expenses of the immediate Office of the Under Secretary for Preparedness, the Office of the Chief Medical Officer, and the Office of National Capital Region Coordination, $30,572,000, of which no less than $2,741,000 may be used for the Office of National Capital Region Coordination, and of which $6,459,000 shall be for the National Preparedness Integration Program: Provided, That none of the funds made available under this heading may be obligated for the National Preparedness Integration Program until the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives receive and approve a plan for expenditure prepared by the Secretary of Homeland Security: Provided further, That not to exceed $7,000 shall be for official reception and representation expenses: Provided further, That for purposes of planning, coordination and execution of mass evacuation during a disaster, the Governors of the State of West Virginia and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, or their designees, shall be included in efforts to integrate the activities of Federal, State, and local governments in the National Capital Region, as defined in section 882 of Public Law 107-296, the Homeland Security Act of 2002.

Office of Grants and Training

state and local programs

    For grants, contracts, cooperative agreements, and other activities, including grants to State and local governments for terrorism prevention activities, notwithstanding any other provision of law, $2,531,000,000, which shall be allocated as follows:

      (1) $525,000,000 for formula-based grants and $375,000,000 for law enforcement terrorism prevention grants pursuant to section 1014 of the USA PATRIOT ACT (42 U.S.C. 3714): Provided, That the application for grants shall be made available to States within 45 days after the date of enactment of this Act; that States shall submit applications within 90 days after the grant announcement; and the Office of Grants and Training shall act within 90 days after receipt of an application: Provided further, That not less than 80 percent of any grant under this paragraph to a State shall be made available by the State to local governments within 60 days after the receipt of the funds; except in the case of Puerto Rico, where not less than 50 percent of any grant under this paragraph shall be made available to local governments within 60 days after the receipt of the funds.

      (2) $1,229,000,000 for discretionary grants, as determined by the Secretary of Homeland Security, of which--

        (A) $770,000,000 shall be for use in high-threat, high-density urban areas: Provided, That not later than September 30, 2007, the Secretary shall distribute any unallocated funds made available for assistance to organizations (as described under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from tax under section 501(a) of such Code) determined by the Secretary to be at high-risk of international terrorist attack under title III of the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2006 under the heading `Office for Domestic Preparedness--State and Local Programs' (Public Law 109-90; 119 Stat. 2075) in paragraph (2)(A): Provided further, That applicants shall identify for the Secretary's consideration prior threats or attacks (within or outside the United States) by a terrorist organization, network, or cell against an organization described in the previous proviso, and the Secretary shall consider prior threats or attacks (within or outside the United States) against like organizations when determining risk: Provided further, That the Secretary shall notify the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives the high risk or potential high risk to each designated tax exempt grantee at least five full business days in advance of the announcement of any grant award;

        (B) $210,000,000 shall be for port security grants pursuant to the purposes of section 70107(a) through (h) of title 46, United States Code, which shall be awarded based on risk notwithstanding subsection (a), for eligible costs as described in subsections (b)(2) through (4);

        (C) $12,000,000 shall be for trucking industry security grants;

        (D) $12,000,000 shall be for intercity bus security grants;

        (E) $175,000,000 shall be for intercity rail passenger transportation (as defined in section 24102 of title 49, United States Code), freight rail, and transit security grants; and

        (F) $50,000,000 shall be for buffer zone protection grants:

      Provided, That for grants under subparagraph (A), the application for grants shall be made available to States within 45 days after the date of enactment of this Act; that States shall submit applications within 90 days after the grant announcement; and that the Office of Grants and Training shall act within 90 days after receipt of an application: Provided further, That no less than 80 percent of any grant under this paragraph to a State shall be made available by the State to local governments within 60 days after the receipt of the funds: Provided further, That for grants under subparagraphs (B) through (F), the applications for such grants shall be made available to eligible applicants not later than 75 days after the date of enactment of this Act, eligible applicants shall submit applications not later than 45 days after the date of the grant announcement, and the Office of Grants and Training shall act on such applications not later than 60 days after the date on which such an application is received.

      (3) $50,000,000 shall be available for the Commercial Equipment Direct Assistance Program.

      (4) $352,000,000 for training, exercises, technical assistance, and other programs:

    Provided, That none of the grants provided under this heading shall be used for the construction or renovation of facilities, except for a minor perimeter security project, not to exceed $1,000,000, as determined necessary by the Secretary of Homeland Security: Provided further, That the preceding proviso shall not apply to grants under subparagraphs (B), (E), and (F) of paragraph (2) of this heading: Provided further, That grantees shall provide additional reports on their use of funds, as determined necessary by the Secretary of Homeland Security: Provided further, That funds appropriated for law enforcement terrorism prevention grants under paragraph (1) of this heading and discretionary grants under paragraph (2)(A) of this heading shall be available for operational costs, to include personnel overtime and overtime associated with the Office of Grants and Training certified training, as needed: Provided further, That the Government Accountability Office shall report on the validity, relevance, reliability, timeliness, and availability of the risk factors (including threat, vulnerability, and consequence) used by the Secretary for the purpose of allocating discretionary grants funded under this heading, and the application of those factors in the allocation of funds to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives on its findings not later than 45 days after the date of enactment of this Act: Provided further, That within seven days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide the Government Accountability Office with the risk methodology and other factors that will be used to allocate discretionary grants funded under this heading.

FIREFIGHTER ASSISTANCE GRANTS

    For necessary expenses for programs authorized by the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974 (15 U.S.C. 2201 et seq.), $662,000,000, of which $547,000,000 shall be available to carry out section 33 of that Act (15 U.S.C. 2229) and $115,000,000 shall be available to carry out section 34 of that Act (15 U.S.C. 2229a), to remain available until September 30, 2008: Provided, That not to exceed five percent of this amount shall be available for program administration.

EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PERFORMANCE GRANTS

    For necessary expenses for emergency management performance grants, as authorized by the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 4001 et seq.), the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.), the Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act of 1977 (42 U.S.C. 7701 et seq.), and Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.), $200,000,000: Provided, That total administrative costs shall not exceed three percent of the total appropriation.

radiological emergency preparedness program

    The aggregate charges assessed during fiscal year 2007, as authorized in title III of the Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1999 (42 U.S.C. 5196e), shall not be less than 100 percent of the amounts anticipated by the Department of Homeland Security necessary for its radiological emergency preparedness program for the next fiscal year: Provided, That the methodology for assessment and collection of fees shall be fair and equitable and shall reflect costs of providing such services, including administrative costs of collecting such fees: Provided further, That fees received under this heading shall be deposited in this account as offsetting collections and will become available for authorized purposes on October 1, 2007, and remain available until expended.

United States Fire Administration and Training

    For necessary expenses of the United States Fire Administration and for other purposes, as authorized by the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974 (15 U.S.C. 2201 et seq.) and the Homeland security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 101 et seq.), $46,849,000.

Infrastructure Protection and Information Security

    For necessary expenses for infrastructure protection and information security programs and activities, as authorized by title II of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 121 et seq.), $547,633,000, of which $470,633,000 shall remain available until September 30, 2008: Provided, That of the amount made available under this heading, $10,000,000 may not be obligated until the Secretary submits to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and House of Representatives the report required in House Report 109-241 accompanying the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2006 (Public Law 109-90) on Department of Homeland Security resources necessary to implement mandatory security requirements for the Nation's chemical sector and to create a system for auditing and ensuring compliance with the security standards.

FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY

Administrative and Regional Operations

    For necessary expenses for administrative and regional operations, $282,000,000, including activities authorized by the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 4001 et seq.), the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.), the Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act of 1977 (42 U.S.C. 7701 et seq.), the Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. App. 2061 et seq.), sections 107 and 303 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 404, 405), Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.), and the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 101 et seq.): Provided, That not to exceed $3,000 shall be for official reception and representation expenses.

Readiness, Mitigation, Response, and Recovery

    For necessary expenses for readiness, mitigation, response, and recovery activities, $244,000,000, including activities authorized by the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 4001 et seq.), the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.), the Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act of 1977 (42 U.S.C. 7701 et seq.), the Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. App. 2061 et seq.), sections 107 and 303 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 404, 405), Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1978 (5 U.S.C. App.), and the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 101 et seq.): Provided, That of the total amount made available under this heading, $25,000,000 shall be for Urban Search and Rescue Teams, of which not to exceed $1,600,000 may be made available for administrative costs.

Public Health Programs

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    For necessary expenses for countering potential biological, disease, and chemical threats to civilian populations, $33,885,000: Provided, That the total amount appropriated and, notwithstanding any other provision of law, the functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of the National Disaster Medical System established under section 2811(b) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300hh-11(b)), including any functions of the Secretary of Homeland Security relating to such System, shall be permanently transferred to the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services effective January 1, 2007.

Disaster Relief

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    For necessary expenses in carrying out the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.), $1,500,000,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That of the total amount provided, not to exceed $13,500,000 shall be transferred to the Department of Homeland Security Office of Inspector General for audits and investigations related to natural disasters subject to section 503 of this Act.

Disaster Assistance Direct Loan Program Account

    For administrative expenses to carry out the direct loan program, as authorized by section 319 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5162), $569,000: Provided, That gross obligations for the principal amount of direct loans shall not exceed $25,000,000: Provided further, That the cost of modifying such loans shall be as defined in section 502 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (2 U.S.C. 661a).

Flood Map Modernization Fund

    For necessary expenses under section 1360 of the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 4101), $198,980,000, and such additional sums as may be provided by State and local governments or other political subdivisions for cost-shared mapping activities under section 1360(f)(2) of such Act, to remain available until expended: Provided, That total administrative costs shall not exceed three percent of the total appropriation.

National Flood Insurance Fund

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    For activities under the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 4001 et seq.), and the Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 (42 U.S.C. 4001 et seq.), $128,588,000, which is available as follows: (1) not to exceed $38,230,000 for salaries and expenses associated with flood mitigation and flood insurance operations; and (2) not to exceed $90,358,000 for flood hazard mitigation which shall be derived from offsetting collections assessed and collected under section 1307 of the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 4001 et seq.), to remain available until September 30, 2008, including up to $31,000,000 for flood mitigation expenses under section 1366 of that Act, which amount shall be available for transfer to the National Flood Mitigation Fund until September 30, 2008: Provided, That in fiscal year 2007, no funds shall be available from the National Flood Insurance Fund in excess of: (1) $70,000,000 for operating expenses; (2) $692,999,000 for commissions and taxes of agents; (3) such sums as are necessary for interest on Treasury borrowings; and (4) $50,000,000 for flood mitigation actions with respect to severe repetitive loss properties under section 1361A of that Act (42 U.S.C. 4102a) and repetitive insurance claims properties under section 1323 of that Act (42 U.S.C. 4030), which shall remain available until expended: Provided further, That total administrative costs shall not exceed three percent of the total appropriation.

National Flood Mitigation Fund

(INCLUDING TRANSFER OF FUNDS)

    Notwithstanding subparagraphs (B) and (C) of subsection (b)(3), and subsection (f), of section 1366 of the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 4104c), $31,000,000, to remain available until September 30, 2008, for activities designed to reduce the risk of flood damage to structures pursuant to such Act, of which $31,000,000 shall be derived from the National Flood Insurance Fund.

National Predisaster Mitigation Fund

    For a predisaster mitigation grant program under title II of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5131 et seq.), $100,000,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That grants made for predisaster mitigation shall be awarded on a competitive basis subject to the criteria in section 203(g) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 5133(g)): Provided further, That total administrative costs shall not exceed three percent of the total appropriation.

Emergency Food and Shelter

    To carry out an emergency food and shelter program pursuant to title III of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11331 et seq.), $151,470,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That total administrative costs shall not exceed 3.5 percent of the total appropriation.

TITLE IV

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, TRAINING, AND SERVICES

United States Citizenship and Immigration Services

    For necessary expenses for citizenship and immigration services, $181,990,000, of which $93,500,000 is available until expended: Provided, That $47,000,000 may not be obligated until the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives receive and approve a strategic transformation plan for United States Citizenship and Immigration Services that has been reviewed and approved by the Secretary of Homeland Security and reviewed by the Government Accountability Office.

Federal Law Enforcement Training Center

SALARIES AND EXPENSES

    For necessary expenses of the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, including materials and support costs of Federal law enforcement basic training; purchase of not to exceed 117 vehicles for police-type use and hire of passenger motor vehicles; expenses for student athletic and related activities; the conduct of and participation in firearms matches and presentation of awards; public awareness and enhancement of community support of law enforcement training; room and board for student interns; a flat monthly reimbursement to employees authorized to use personal mobile phones for official duties; and services as authorized by section 3109 of title 5, United States Code; $211,033,000, of which up to $43,910,000 for materials and support costs of Federal law enforcement basic training shall remain available until September 30, 2008; of which $300,000 shall remain available until expended for Federal law enforcement agencies participating in training accreditation, to be distributed as determined by the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center for the needs of participating agencies; and of which not to exceed $12,000 shall be for official reception and representation expenses: Provided, That the Center is authorized to obligate funds in anticipation of reimbursements from agencies receiving training sponsored by the Center, except that total obligations at the end of the fiscal year shall not exceed total budgetary resources available at the end of the fiscal year: Provided further, That section 1202(a) of Public Law 107-206 (42 U.S.C. 3771 note) is amended by striking `5 years after the date of the enactment of this Act' and inserting `December 31, 2007', and by striking `250' and inserting `350'.

ACQUISITION, CONSTRUCTION, IMPROVEMENTS, AND RELATED EXPENSES

    For acquisition of necessary additional real property and facilities, construction, and ongoing maintenance, facility improvements, and related expenses of the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, $64,246,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That of the amount provided under this heading, $22,000,000 is designated as described in section 520 of this Act: Provided further, That the Center is authorized to accept reimbursement to this appropriation from government agencies requesting the construction of special use facilities.

Science and Technology

MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION

    For salaries and expenses of the Office of the Under Secretary for Science and Technology and for management and administration of programs and activities, as authorized by title III of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 181 et seq.), $135,000,000: Provided, That of the amount provided under this heading, $60,000,000 shall not be obligated until the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives receive and approve an expenditure plan by program, project, and activity; with a detailed breakdown and justification of the management and administrative costs for each; prepared by the Secretary of Homeland Security that has been reviewed by the Government Accountability Office: Provided further, That the expenditure plan shall describe the method utilized to derive administration costs in fiscal year 2006 and the fiscal year 2007 budget request: Provided further, That not to exceed $3,000 shall be for official reception and representation expenses.

RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, ACQUISITION, AND OPERATIONS

    For necessary expenses for science and technology research, including advanced research projects; development; test and evaluation; acquisition; and operations; as authorized by title III of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 181 et seq.); and the purchase or lease of not to exceed five vehicles, $838,109,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That of the amounts made available under this heading, $50,000,000 may not be obligated until the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives receive and approve a report prepared by the Under Secretary of Science and Technology that describes the progress to address financial management deficiencies, improve its management controls, and implement performance measures and evaluations.

Domestic Nuclear Detection Office

MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION

    For salaries and expenses of the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office and for management and administration of programs and activities, $30,468,000: Provided, That no funds will be made available for the reimbursement of individuals from other Federal agencies or organizations in fiscal year 2009: Provided further, That not to exceed $3,000 shall be for official reception and representation expenses.

RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND OPERATIONS

    For necessary expenses for radiological and nuclear research, development, testing, evaluation and operations, $272,500,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That of the amount provided under this heading, $15,000,000 shall not be obligated until the Secretary of Homeland Security provides notification to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives that the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office has entered into a Memorandum of Understanding with each Federal entity and organization: Provided further, That each Memorandum of Understanding shall include a description of the role, responsibilities, and resource commitment of each Federal entity or organization for the global architecture.

SYSTEMS ACQUISITION

    For expenses for the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office acquisition and deployment of radiological detection systems in accordance with the global nuclear detection architecture, $178,000,000, to remain available until September 30, 2009; and of which no less than $143,000,000 shall be for radiation portal monitors; and of which not to exceed $5,000,000 shall be for the Surge program: Provided, That none of the funds appropriated under this heading shall be obligated for full scale procurement of Advanced Spectroscopic Portal Monitors until the Secretary of Homeland Security has certified through a report to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives that a significant increase in operational effectiveness will be achieved.

TITLE V

GENERAL PROVISIONS

    Sec. 501. No part of any appropriation contained in this Act shall remain available for obligation beyond the current fiscal year unless expressly so provided herein.

    Sec. 502. Subject to the requirements of section 503 of this Act, the unexpended balances of prior appropriations provided for activities in this Act may be transferred to appropriation accounts for such activities established pursuant to this Act: Provided, That balances so transferred may be merged with funds in the applicable established accounts and thereafter may be accounted for as one fund for the same time period as originally enacted.

    SEC. 503. (a) None of the funds provided by this Act, provided by previous appropriations Acts to the agencies in or transferred to the Department of Homeland Security that remain available for obligation or expenditure in fiscal year 2007, or provided from any accounts in the Treasury of the United States derived by the collection of fees available to the agencies funded by this Act, shall be available for obligation or expenditure through a reprogramming of funds that: (1) creates a new program; (2) eliminates a program, project, or activity; (3) increases funds for any program, project, or activity for which funds have been denied or restricted by the Congress; (4) proposes to use funds directed for a specific activity by either of the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate or House of Representatives for a different purpose; or (5) contracts out any function or activity for which funds have been appropriated for Federal full-time equivalent positions; unless the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives are notified 15 days in advance of such reprogramming of funds.

    (b) None of the funds provided by this Act, provided by previous appropriations Acts to the agencies in or transferred to the Department of Homeland Security that remain available for obligation or expenditure in fiscal year 2007, or provided from any accounts in the Treasury of the United States derived by the collection of fees available to the agencies funded by this Act, shall be available for obligation or expenditure for programs, projects, or activities through a reprogramming of funds in excess of $5,000,000 or 10 percent, whichever is less, that: (1) augments existing programs, projects, or activities; (2) reduces by 10 percent funding for any existing program, project, or activity, or numbers of personnel by 10 percent as approved by the Congress; or (3) results from any general savings from a reduction in personnel that would result in a change in existing programs, projects, or activities as approved by the Congress; unless the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives are notified 15 days in advance of such reprogramming of funds.

    (c) Not to exceed 5 percent of any appropriation made available for the current fiscal year for the Department of Homeland Security by this Act or provided by previous appropriations Acts may be transferred between such appropriations, but no such appropriations, except as otherwise specifically provided, shall be increased by more than 10 percent by such transfers: Provided, That any transfer under this section shall be treated as a reprogramming of funds under subsection (b) of this section and shall not be available for obligation unless the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives are notified 15 days in advance of such transfer.

    (d) Notwithstanding subsections (a), (b), and (c) of this section, no funds shall be reprogrammed within or transferred between appropriations after June 30, except in extraordinary circumstances which imminently threaten the safety of human life or the protection of property.

    SEC. 504. None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available to the Department of Homeland Security may be used to make payments to the `Department of Homeland Security Working Capital Fund', except for the activities and amounts allowed in the President's fiscal year 2007 budget, excluding sedan service, shuttle service, transit subsidy, mail operations, parking, and competitive sourcing: Provided, That any additional activities and amounts shall be approved by the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives 30 days in advance of obligation.

    SEC. 505. Except as otherwise specifically provided by law, not to exceed 50 percent of unobligated balances remaining available at the end of fiscal year 2007 from appropriations for salaries and expenses for fiscal year 2007 in this Act shall remain available through September 30, 2008, in the account and for the purposes for which the appropriations were provided: Provided, That prior to the obligation of such funds, a request shall be submitted to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives for approval in accordance with section 503 of this Act.

    SEC. 506. Funds made available by this Act for intelligence activities are deemed to be specifically authorized by the Congress for purposes of section 504 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 414) during fiscal year 2007 until the enactment of an Act authorizing intelligence activities for fiscal year 2007.

    SEC. 507. The Federal Law Enforcement Training Center shall lead the Federal law enforcement training accreditation process, to include representatives from the Federal law enforcement community and non-Federal accreditation experts involved in law enforcement training, to continue the implementation of measuring and assessing the quality and effectiveness of Federal law enforcement training programs, facilities, and instructors.

    SEC. 508. None of the funds in this Act may be used to make a grant allocation, discretionary grant award, discretionary contract award, or to issue a letter of intent totaling in excess of $1,000,000, or to announce publicly the intention to make such an award, unless the Secretary of Homeland Security notifies the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives at least three full business days in advance: Provided, That no notification shall involve funds that are not available for obligation: Provided further, That the Office of Grants and Training shall brief the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives five full business days in advance of announcing publicly the intention of making an award of formula-based grants; law enforcement terrorism prevention grants; or high-threat, high-density urban areas grants.

    SEC. 509. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no agency shall purchase, construct, or lease any additional facilities, except within or contiguous to existing locations, to be used for the purpose of conducting Federal law enforcement training without the advance approval of the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives, except that the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center is authorized to obtain the temporary use of additional facilities by lease, contract, or other agreement for training which cannot be accommodated in existing Center facilities.

    Sec. 510. The Director of the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center shall schedule basic and/or advanced law enforcement training at all four training facilities under the control of the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center to ensure that these training centers are operated at the highest capacity throughout the fiscal year.

    SEC. 511. None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act may be used for expenses of any construction, repair, alteration, or acquisition project for which a prospectus, if required by the Public Buildings Act of 1959 (40 U.S.C. 3301), has not been approved, except that necessary funds may be expended for each project for required expenses for the development of a proposed prospectus.

    SEC. 512. None of the funds in this Act may be used in contravention of the applicable provisions of the Buy American Act (41 U.S.C. 10a et seq.).

    SEC. 513. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the authority of the Office of Personnel Management to conduct personnel security and suitability background investigations, update investigations, and periodic reinvestigations of applicants for, or appointees in, positions in the Office of the Secretary and Executive Management, the Office of the Under Secretary for Management, Analysis and Operations, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the Directorate for Preparedness, and the Directorate of Science and Technology of the Department of Homeland Security is transferred to the Department of Homeland Security: Provided, That on request of the Department of Homeland Security, the Office of Personnel Management shall cooperate with and assist the Department in any investigation or reinvestigation under this section: Provided further, That this section shall cease to be effective at such time as the President has selected a single agency to conduct security clearance investigations pursuant to section 3001(c) of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-458; 50 U.S.C. 435b) and the entity selected pursuant to section 3001(b) of such Act has reported to Congress that the agency selected pursuant to such section 3001(c) is capable of conducting all necessary investigations in a timely manner or has authorized the entities within the Department of Homeland Security covered by this section to conduct their own investigations pursuant to section 3001 of such Act.

    SEC. 514. (a) None of the funds provided by this or previous appropriations Acts may be obligated for deployment or implementation, on other than a test basis, of the Secure Flight program or any other follow on or successor passenger prescreening program, until the Secretary of Homeland Security certifies, and the Government Accountability Office reports, to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives, that all ten of the conditions contained in paragraphs (1) through (10) of section 522(a) of Public Law 108-334 (118 Stat. 1319) have been successfully met.

    (b) The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted within 90 days after the Secretary provides the requisite certification, and periodically thereafter, if necessary, until the Government Accountability Office confirms that all ten conditions have been successfully met.

    (c) Within 90 days of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives a detailed plan that describes: (1) the dates for achieving key milestones, including the date or timeframes that the Secretary will certify the program under subsection (a); and (2) the methodology to be followed to support the Secretary's certification, as required under subsection (a).

    (d) During the testing phase permitted by subsection (a), no information gathered from passengers, foreign or domestic air carriers, or reservation systems may be used to screen aviation passengers, or delay or deny boarding to such passengers, except in instances where passenger names are matched to a Government watch list.

    (e) None of the funds provided in this or previous appropriations Acts may be utilized to develop or test algorithms assigning risk to passengers whose names are not on Government watch lists.

    (f) None of the funds provided in this or previous appropriations Acts may be utilized for data or a database that is obtained from or remains under the control of a non-Federal entity: Provided, That this restriction shall not apply to Passenger Name Record data obtained from air carriers.

    SEC. 515. None of the funds made available in this Act may be used to amend the oath of allegiance required by section 337 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1448).

    SEC. 516. None of the funds appropriated by this Act may be used to process or approve a competition under Office of Management and Budget Circular A-76 for services provided as of June 1, 2004, by employees (including employees serving on a temporary or term basis) of United States Citizenship and Immigration Services of the Department of Homeland Security who are known as of that date as Immigration Information Officers, Contact Representatives, or Investigative Assistants.

    SEC. 517. (a) None of the funds appropriated to the United States Secret Service by this Act or by previous appropriations Acts may be made available for the protection of the head of a Federal agency other than the Secretary of Homeland Security: Provided, That the Director of the United States Secret Service may enter into an agreement to perform such service on a fully reimbursable basis.

    (b) Beginning in fiscal year 2008, none of the funds appropriated by this or any other Act to the United States Secret Service shall be made available for the protection of a person, other than persons granted protection under section 3056(a) of title 18, United States Code, and the Secretary of Homeland Security: Provided, That the Director of the United States Secret Service may enter into an agreement to perform such protection on a fully reimbursable basis for protectees not designated under section 3056(a) of title 18, United States Code.

    SEC. 518. The Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with industry stakeholders, shall develop standards and protocols for increasing the use of explosive detection equipment to screen air cargo when appropriate.

    SEC. 519. (a) The Secretary of Homeland Security is directed to research, develop, and procure new technologies to inspect and screen air cargo carried on passenger aircraft at the earliest date possible.

    (b) Existing checked baggage explosive detection equipment and screeners shall be utilized to screen air cargo carried on passenger aircraft to the greatest extent practicable at each airport until technologies developed under subsection (a) are available.

    (c) The Transportation Security Administration shall report air cargo inspection statistics quarterly to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives, by airport and air carrier, within 45 days after the end of the quarter including any reason for non-compliance with the second proviso of section 513 of the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2005 (Public Law 108-334, 118 Stat. 1317).

    SEC. 520. For purposes of this Act, any designation referring to this section is the designation of an amount as making appropriations for contingency operations directly related to the global war on terrorism, and other unanticipated defense-related operations, pursuant to section 402 of H. Con. Res. 376 (109th Congress) as made applicable to the House of Representatives by H. Res. 818 (109th Congress), and as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 402 of S. Con. Res. 83 (109th Congress) as made applicable to the Senate by section 7035 of Public Law 109-234.

    SEC. 521. (a) RESCISSION- From the unexpended balances of the United States Coast Guard `Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements' account specifically identified in the Joint Explanatory Statement (House Report 109-241) accompanying Public Law 109-90 for the Fast Response Cutter, the service life extension program of the current 110-foot Island Class patrol boat fleet, and accelerated design and production of the Fast Response Cutter, $78,693,508 are rescinded.

    (b) ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATION- For necessary expenses of the United States Coast Guard for `Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements', there is appropriated an additional $78,693,508, to remain available until September 30, 2009, for the service life extension program of the current 110-foot Island Class patrol boat fleet and the acquisition of traditional patrol boats (`parent craft').

    SEC. 522. None of the funds made available in this Act may be used by any person other than the Privacy Officer appointed under section 222 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 142) to alter, direct that changes be made to, delay, or prohibit the transmission to Congress of any report prepared under paragraph (6) of such section.

    SEC. 523. No funding provided by this or previous appropriation Acts shall be available to pay the salary of any employee serving as a contracting officer's technical representative (COTR), or anyone acting in a similar or like capacity, who has not received COTR training.

    SEC. 524. Except as provided in section 44945 of title 49, United States Code, funds appropriated or transferred to Transportation Security Administration `Aviation Security', `Administration' and `Transportation Security Support' in fiscal years 2004, 2005, and 2006 that are recovered or deobligated shall be available only for procurement and installation of explosive detection systems for air cargo, baggage, and checkpoint screening systems, subject to notification.

    SEC. 525. (a) Within 30 days after enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall revise Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Management Directive (MD) 11056 to provide for the following:

      (1) That when a lawful request is made to publicly release a document containing information designated as sensitive security information (SSI), the document shall be reviewed in a timely manner to determine whether any information contained in the document meets the criteria for continued SSI protection under applicable law and regulation and shall further provide that all portions that no longer require SSI designation be released, subject to applicable law, including sections 552 and 552a of title 5, United States Code;

      (2) That sensitive security information that is three years old and not incorporated in a current transportation security directive, security plan, contingency plan, or information circular; or does not contain current information in one of the following SSI categories: equipment or personnel performance specifications, vulnerability assessments, security inspection or investigative information, threat information, security measures, security screening information, security training materials, identifying information of designated transportation security personnel, critical aviation or maritime infrastructure asset information, systems security information, confidential business information, or research and development information shall be subject to release upon request unless:

        (A) the Secretary or his designee makes a written determination that identifies a rational reason why the information must remain SSI; or

        (B) such information is otherwise exempt from disclosure under applicable law:

      Provided, That any determination made by the Secretary under clause (a)(2)(A) shall be provided to the party making a request to release such information and to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives as part of the annual reporting requirement pursuant to section 537 of the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2006 (Public Law 109-90; 119 Stat. 2088); and

      (3) Common and extensive examples of the individual categories of SSI information cited under 49 CFR 1520(b)(1) through (16) in order to minimize and standardize judgment by covered persons in the application of SSI marking.

    (b) Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall report to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives on the progress that the Department has made in implementing the requirements of this section and of section 537 of the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2006 (Public Law 109-90; 119 Stat. 2088).

    (c) Not later than one year from the date of enactment of this Act, the Government Accountability Office shall report to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives on DHS progress and procedures in implementing the requirements of this section.

    (d) That in civil proceedings in the United States District Courts, where a party seeking access to SSI demonstrates that the party has substantial need of relevant SSI in the preparation of the party's case and that the party is unable without undue hardship to obtain the substantial equivalent of the information by other means, the party or party's counsel shall be designated as a covered person under 49 CFR Part 1520.7 in order to have access to the SSI at issue in the case, provided that the overseeing judge enters an order that protects the SSI from unauthorized or unnecessary disclosure and specifies the terms and conditions of access, unless upon completion of a criminal history check and terrorist assessment like that done for aviation workers on the persons seeking access to SSI, or based on the sensitivity of the information, the Transportation Security Administration or DHS demonstrates that such access to the information for the proceeding presents a risk of harm to the nation: Provided, That notwithstanding any other provision of law, an order granting access to SSI under this section shall be immediately appealable to the United States Courts of Appeals, which shall have plenary review over both the evidentiary finding and the sufficiency of the order specifying the terms and conditions of access to the SSI in question: Provided further, That notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary may assess a civil penalty of up to $50,000 for each violation of 49 CFR Part 1520 by persons provided access to SSI under this provision.

    SEC. 526. The Department of Homeland Security Working Capital Fund, established, pursuant to section 403 of Public Law 103-356 (31 U.S.C. 501 note), shall continue operations during fiscal year 2007.

    SEC. 527. RESCISSION. Of the unobligated balances from prior year appropriations made available for the `Counterterrorism Fund', $16,000,000 are rescinded.

    SEC. 528. (a) The report required by Public Law 109-62 and Public Law 109-90 detailing the allocation and obligation of funds for `Disaster Relief' shall hereafter be submitted monthly and include: (1) status of the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF) including obligations, allocations, and amounts undistributed/unallocated; (2) allocations, obligations, and expenditures for Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma; (3) information on national flood insurance claims; (4) information on manufactured housing data; (5) information on hotel/motel data; (6) obligations, allocations and expenditures by State for unemployment, crisis counseling, inspections, housing assistance, manufactured housing, public assistance and individual assistance; (7) mission assignment obligations by agency, including: (i) the amounts reimbursed to other agencies that are in suspense because FEMA has not yet reviewed and approved the documentation supporting the expenditure; and (ii) a disclaimer if the amounts of reported obligations and expenditures do not reflect the status of such obligations and expenditures from a government-wide perspective; (8) the amount of credit card purchases by agency and mission assignment; (9) specific reasons for all waivers granted and a description of each waiver; and (10) a list of all contracts that were awarded on a sole source or limited competition basis, including the dollar amount, the purpose of the contract and the reason for the lack of competitive award.

    (b) The Secretary of Homeland Security shall at least quarterly obtain and report from agencies performing mission assignments each such agency's actual obligation and expenditure data.

    (c) For any request for reimbursement from a Federal agency to the Department of Homeland Security to cover expenditures under the Stafford Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.), or any mission assignment orders issued by the Department of Homeland Security for such purposes, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall take appropriate steps to ensure that each agency is periodically reminded of Department of Homeland Security policies on--

      (1) the detailed information required in supporting documentation for reimbursements, and

      (2) the necessity for timeliness of agency billings.

    SEC. 529. RESCISSION. Of the unobligated balances from prior year appropriations made available for Science and Technology, $125,000,000 from `Research, Development, Acquisition, and Operations' are rescinded.

    SEC. 530. None of the funds made available in this Act may be used to enforce section 4025(1) of Public Law 108-458 if the Assistant Secretary (Transportation Security Administration) determines that butane lighters are not a significant threat to civil aviation security: Provided, That the Assistant Secretary (Transportation Security Administration) shall notify the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives 15 days in advance of such determination including a report on whether the effectiveness of screening operations is enhanced by suspending enforcement of the prohibition.

    SEC. 531. Within 45 days after the close of each month, the Chief Financial Officer of the Department of Homeland Security shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives a monthly budget and staffing report that includes total obligations and on-board versus funded full-time equivalent staffing levels.

    SEC. 532. (a) United States Secret Service Use of Proceeds Derived From Criminal Investigations- During fiscal year 2007, with respect to any undercover investigative operation of the United States Secret Service (hereafter referred to in this section as the `Secret Service') that is necessary for the detection and prosecution of crimes against the United States--

      (1) sums appropriated for the Secret Service, including unobligated balances available from prior fiscal years, may be used for purchasing property, buildings, and other facilities, and for leasing space, within the United States, the District of Columbia, and the territories and possessions of the United States, without regard to sections 1341 and 3324 of title 31, United States Code, section 8141 of title 40, United States Code, sections 3732(a) and 3741 of the Revised Statutes of the United States (41 U.S.C. 11(a) and 22), and sections 304(a) and 305 of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C 254(a) and 255);

      (2) sums appropriated for the Secret Service, including unobligated balances available from prior fiscal years, may be used to establish or to acquire proprietary corporations or business entities as part of such undercover operation, and to operate such corporations or business entities on a commercial basis, without regard to sections 9102 and 9103 of title 31, United States Code;

      (3) sums appropriated for the Secret Service, including unobligated balances available from prior fiscal years and the proceeds from such undercover operation, may be deposited in banks or other financial institutions, without regard to section 648 of title 18, and section 3302 of title 31, United States Code; and

      (4) proceeds from such undercover operation may be used to offset necessary and reasonable expenses incurred in such operation, without regard to section 3302 of title 31, United States Code.

    (b) WRITTEN CERTIFICATION- The authority set forth in subsection (a) may be exercised only upon the written certification of the Director of the Secret Service or designee that any action authorized by any paragraph of such subsection is necessary for the conduct of an undercover investigative operation. Such certification shall continue in effect for the duration of such operation, without regard to fiscal years.

    (c) DEPOSIT OF PROCEEDS IN TREASURY- As soon as practicable after the proceeds from an undercover investigative operation with respect to which an action is authorized and carried out under paragraphs (3) and (4) of subsection (a) are no longer necessary for the conduct of such operation, such proceeds or the balance of such proceeds remaining at the time shall be deposited in the Treasury of the United States as miscellaneous receipts.

    (d) REPORTING AND DEPOSIT OF PROCEEDS UPON DISPOSITION OF CERTAIN BUSINESS ENTITIES- If a corporation or business entity established or acquired as part of an undercover investigative operation under paragraph (2) of subsection (a) with a net value of over $50,000 is to be liquidated, sold, or otherwise disposed of, the Secret Service, as much in advance as the Director or designee determines is practicable, shall report the circumstance to the Secretary of Homeland Security. The proceeds of the liquidation, sale, or other disposition, after obligations are met, shall be deposited in the Treasury of the United States as miscellaneous receipts.

    (e) FINANCIAL AUDITS AND REPORTS-

      (1) The Secret Service shall conduct detailed financial audits of closed undercover investigative operations for which a written certification was made pursuant to subsection (b) on a quarterly basis and shall report the results of the audits in writing to the Secretary of Homeland Security.

      (2) The Secretary of Homeland Security shall annually submit to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and House of Representatives, at the time that the President's budget is submitted under section 1105(a) of title 31, a summary of such audits.

    SEC. 533. The Director of the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office shall operate extramural and intramural research, development, demonstrations, testing and evaluation programs so as to distribute funding through grants, cooperative agreements, other transactions and contracts.

    SEC. 534. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall consider the Hancock County Port and Harbor Commission in Mississippi eligible under the Federal Emergency Management Agency Public Assistance Program for all costs incurred for dredging from navigation channel in Little Lake, Louisiana, sediment deposited as a result of Hurricane George in 1998: Provided, That the appropriate Federal share shall apply to approval of this project.

    SEC. 535. None of the funds made available in this Act for United States Customs and Border Protection may be used to prevent an individual not in the business of importing a prescription drug (within the meaning of section 801(g) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act) from importing a prescription drug from Canada that complies with the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act: Provided, That this section shall apply only to individuals transporting on their person a personal-use quantity of the prescription drug, not to exceed a 90-day supply: Provided further, That the prescription drug may not be--

      (1) a controlled substance, as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802); or

      (2) a biological product, as defined in section 351 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 262).

    SEC. 536. The Department of Homeland Security shall, in approving standards for State and local emergency preparedness operational plans under section 613(b)(3) of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5196b(b)(3)), account for the needs of individuals with household pets and service animals before, during, and following a major disaster or emergency: Provided, That Federal agencies may provide assistance as described in section 403(a) of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170b(a)) to carry out the plans described in the previous proviso.

    SEC. 537. RESCISSION. From the unobligated balances from prior year appropriations made available for Transportation Security Administration `Aviation Security' and `Headquarters Administration', $4,776,000 are rescinded.

    SEC. 538. RESCISSION. From the unobligated balances from prior year appropriations made available for Transportation Security Administration `Aviation Security', $61,936,000 are rescinded.

    SEC. 539. RESCISSION. From the unexpended balances of the United States Coast Guard `Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements' account specifically identified in the Joint Explanatory Statement (House Report 109-241) accompanying the Department of Homeland Security Act, 2006 (Public Law 109-90) for the development of the Offshore Patrol Cutter, $20,000,000 are rescinded.

    SEC. 540. RESCISSION. From the unexpended balances of the United States Coast Guard `Acquisition, Construction, and Improvements' account specifically identified in the Joint Explanatory Statement (House Report 109-241) accompanying the Department of Homeland Security Act, 2006 (Public Law 109-90) for the Automatic Identification System, $4,100,000 are rescinded.

    SEC. 541. Notwithstanding the requirements of section 404(b)(2)(B) of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, the Army Corps of Engineers may use Lot 19, Block 1 of the Meadowview Acres Addition and Lot 8, Block 5 of the Meadowview Acres Addition in Augusta, Kansas, for building portions of the flood-control levee.

    SEC. 542. Notwithstanding any time limitation established for a grant awarded under title I, chapter 6, Public Law 106-31, in the item relating to Federal Emergency Management Agency--Disaster Assistance for Unmet Needs, the City of Cuero, Texas, may use funds received under such grant program until September 30, 2007.

    SEC. 543. None of the funds made available by this Act shall be used in contravention of the Federal buildings performance and reporting requirements of Executive Order No. 13123, part 3 of title V of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8251 et seq.), or subtitle A of title I of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (including the amendments made thereby).

    SEC. 544. The Federal Law Enforcement Training Center instructor staff shall be classified as inherently governmental for the purpose of the Federal Activities Inventory Reform Act of 1998 (31 U.S.C. 501 note).

    SEC. 545. None of the funds made available in this Act may be used in contravention of section 303 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 13212).

    SEC. 546. Section 7209(b)(1) of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-458; 8 U.S.C. 1185 note) is amended by striking from `(1) DEVELOPMENT OF PLAN- The Secretary' through `7208(k)).' and inserting the following:

      `(1) DEVELOPMENT OF PLAN AND IMPLEMENTATION-

        `(A) The Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall develop and implement a plan as expeditiously as possible to require a passport or other document, or combination of documents, deemed by the Secretary of Homeland Security to be sufficient to denote identity and citizenship, for all travel into the United States by United States citizens and by categories of individuals for whom documentation requirements have previously been waived under section 212(d)(4)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(d)(4)(B)). This plan shall be implemented not later than three months after the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Homeland Security make the certifications required in subsection (B), or June 1, 2009, whichever is earlier. The plan shall seek to expedite the travel of frequent travelers, including those who reside in border communities, and in doing so, shall make readily available a registered traveler program (as described in section 7208(k)).

        `(B) The Secretary of Homeland Security and the Secretary of State shall jointly certify to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives that the following criteria have been met prior to implementation of section 7209(b)(1)(A)--

          `(i) the National Institute of Standards and Technology certifies that the Departments of Homeland Security and State have selected a card architecture that meets or exceeds International Organization for Standardization (ISO) security standards and meets or exceeds best available practices for protection of personal identification documents: Provided, That the National Institute of Standards and Technology shall also assist the Departments of Homeland Security and State to incorporate into the architecture of the card the best available practices to prevent the unauthorized use of information on the card: Provided further, That to facilitate efficient cross-border travel, the Departments of Homeland Security and State shall, to the maximum extent possible, develop an architecture that is compatible with information technology systems and infrastructure used by United States Customs and Border Protection;

          `(ii) the technology to be used by the United States for the passport card, and any subsequent change to that technology, has been shared with the governments of Canada and Mexico;

          `(iii) an agreement has been reached with the United States Postal Service on the fee to be charged individuals for the passport card, and a detailed justification has been submitted to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives;

          `(iv) an alternative procedure has been developed for groups of children traveling across an international border under adult supervision with parental consent;

          `(v) the necessary technological infrastructure to process the passport cards has been installed, and all employees at ports of entry have been properly trained in the use of the new technology;

          `(vi) the passport card has been made available for the purpose of international travel by United States citizens through land and sea ports of entry between the United States and Canada, Mexico, the Caribbean and Bermuda; and

          `(vii) a single implementation date for sea and land borders has been established.'.

    SEC. 547. None of the funds made available in this Act may be used to award any contract for major disaster or emergency assistance activities under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act except in accordance with section 307 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 5150).

    SEC. 548. None of the funds made available in the Act may be used to reimburse L.B.& B. Associates, Inc. or Olgoonik Logistics, LLC (or both) for attorneys fees related to pending litigation against Local 30 of the International Union of Operating Engineers.

    SEC. 549. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the acquisition management system of the Transportation Security Administration shall be subject to the provisions of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 631 et seq.).

    SEC. 550. (a) No later than six months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall issue interim final regulations establishing risk-based performance standards for security of chemical facilities and requiring vulnerability assessments and the development and implementation of site security plans for chemical facilities: Provided, That such regulations shall apply to chemical facilities that, in the discretion of the Secretary, present high levels of security risk: Provided further, That such regulations shall permit each such facility, in developing and implementing site security plans, to select layered security measures that, in combination, appropriately address the vulnerability assessment and the risk-based performance standards for security for the facility: Provided further, That the Secretary may not disapprove a site security plan submitted under this section based on the presence or absence of a particular security measure, but the Secretary may disapprove a site security plan if the plan fails to satisfy the risk-based performance standards established by this section: Provided further, That the Secretary may approve alternative security programs established by private sector entities, Federal, State, or local authorities, or other applicable laws if the Secretary determines that the requirements of such programs meet the requirements of this section and the interim regulations: Provided further, That the Secretary shall review and approve each vulnerability assessment and site security plan required under this section: Provided further, That the Secretary shall not apply regulations issued pursuant to this section to facilities regulated pursuant to the Maritime Transportation Security Act of 2002, Public Law 107-295, as amended; Public Water Systems, as defined by section 1401 of the Safe Drinking Water Act, Public Law 93-523, as amended; Treatment Works as defined in section 212 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, Public Law 92-500, as amended; any facility owned or operated by the Department of Defense or the Department of Energy, or any facility subject to regulation by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

    (b) Interim regulations issued under this section shall apply until the effective date of interim or final regulations promulgated under other laws that establish requirements and standards referred to in subsection (a) and expressly supersede this section: Provided, That the authority provided by this section shall terminate three years after the date of enactment of this Act.

    (c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law and subsection (b), information developed under this section, including vulnerability assessments, site security plans, and other security related information, records, and documents shall be given protections from public disclosure consistent with similar information developed by chemical facilities subject to regulation under section 70103 of title 46, United States Code: Provided, That this subsection does not prohibit the sharing of such information, as the Secretary deems appropriate, with State and local government officials possessing the necessary security clearances, including law enforcement officials and first responders, for the purpose of carrying out this section, provided that such information may not be disclosed pursuant to any State or local law: Provided further, That in any proceeding to enforce this section, vulnerability assessments, site security plans, and other information submitted to or obtained by the Secretary under this section, and related vulnerability or security information, shall be treated as if the information were classified material.

    (d) Any person who violates an order issued under this section shall be liable for a civil penalty under section 70119(a) of title 46, United States Code: Provided, That nothing in this section confers upon any person except the Secretary a right of action against an owner or operator of a chemical facility to enforce any provision of this section.

    (e) The Secretary of Homeland Security shall audit and inspect chemical facilities for the purposes of determining compliance with the regulations issued pursuant to this section.

    (f) Nothing in this section shall be construed to supersede, amend, alter, or affect any Federal law that regulates the manufacture, distribution in commerce, use, sale, other treatment, or disposal of chemical substances or mixtures.

    (g) If the Secretary determines that a chemical facility is not in compliance with this section, the Secretary shall provide the owner or operator with written notification (including a clear explanation of deficiencies in the vulnerability assessment and site security plan) and opportunity for consultation, and issue an order to comply by such date as the Secretary determines to be appropriate under the circumstances: Provided, That if the owner or operator continues to be in noncompliance, the Secretary may issue an order for the facility to cease operation, until the owner or operator complies with the order.

    SEC. 551. (a) Construction of Border Tunnel or Passage- Chapter 27 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

`Sec. 554. Border tunnels and passages

    `(a) Any person who knowingly constructs or finances the construction of a tunnel or subterranean passage that crosses the international border between the United States and another country, other than a lawfully authorized tunnel or passage known to the Secretary of Homeland Security and subject to inspection by Immigration and Customs Enforcement, shall be fined under this title and imprisoned for not more than 20 years.

    `(b) Any person who knows or recklessly disregards the construction or use of a tunnel or passage described in subsection (a) on land that the person owns or controls shall be fined under this title and imprisoned for not more than 10 years.

    `(c) Any person who uses a tunnel or passage described in subsection (a) to unlawfully smuggle an alien, goods (in violation of section 545), controlled substances, weapons of mass destruction (including biological weapons), or a member of a terrorist organization (as defined in section 2339B(g)(6)) shall be subject to a maximum term of imprisonment that is twice the maximum term of imprisonment that would have otherwise been applicable had the unlawful activity not made use of such a tunnel or passage.'.

    (b) Clerical Amendment- The table of sections for chapter 27 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

      `Sec. 554. Border tunnels and passages.'.

    (c) Criminal Forfeiture- Section 982(a)(6) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting `554,' before `1425,'.

    (d) Directive to the United States Sentencing Commission-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Pursuant to its authority under section 994 of title 28, United States Code, and in accordance with this subsection, the United States Sentencing Commission shall promulgate or amend sentencing guidelines to provide for increased penalties for persons convicted of offenses described in section 554 of title 18, United States Code, as added by subsection (a).

      (2) REQUIREMENTS- In carrying out this subsection, the United States Sentencing Commission shall--

        (A) ensure that the sentencing guidelines, policy statements, and official commentary reflect the serious nature of the offenses described in section 554 of title 18, United States Code, and the need for aggressive and appropriate law enforcement action to prevent such offenses;

        (B) provide adequate base offense levels for offenses under such section;

        (C) account for any aggravating or mitigating circumstances that might justify exceptions, including--

          (i) the use of a tunnel or passage described in subsection (a) of such section to facilitate other felonies; and

          (ii) the circumstances for which the sentencing guidelines currently provide applicable sentencing enhancements;

        (D) ensure reasonable consistency with other relevant directives, other sentencing guidelines, and statutes;

        (E) make any necessary and conforming changes to the sentencing guidelines and policy statements; and

        (F) ensure that the sentencing guidelines adequately meet the purposes of sentencing set forth in section 3553(a)(2) of title 18, United States Code.

    SEC. 552. The Secretary of Homeland Security may not take any action to alter or reduce operations within the Civil Engineering Program of the Coast Guard nationwide, including the civil engineering units, facilities, design and construction centers, the Coast Guard Academy, and the Coast Guard Research and Development Center until the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives receive and approve a plan on changes to the Civil Engineering Program of the Coast Guard: Provided, That the plan shall include a description of the current functions of the Civil Engineering Program and a description of any proposed modifications of such functions and of any proposed modification of personnel and offices, including the rationale for such modification; an assessment of the costs and benefits of such modification; any proposed alternatives to such modification; and the processes utilized by the Coast Guard and the Office of Management and Budget to analyze and assess such modification.

    SEC. 553. None of the funds made available by this Act may be used to take an action that would violate Executive Order No. 13149 (65 Fed. Reg. 24607; relating to greening the government through Federal fleet and transportation efficiency).

    SEC. 554. (a) The Transportation Security Administration shall require each air carrier and foreign air carrier that provides air transportation or intrastate air transportation to submit plans to the Transportation Security Administration on how such air carrier will participate in the voluntary provision of emergency services program established by section 44944(a) of title 49, United States Code.

    (b)(1) Not more than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Transportation Security Administration shall prepare a report that contains the following:

      (A) Procedures that qualified individuals need to follow in order to participate in the program described in subsection (a).

      (B) Relevant contacts for individuals interested in participating in the program described in subsection (a).

    (2) The Transportation Security Administration shall make the report required by paragraph (1) available, by Internet web site or other appropriate method, to the following:

      (A) The Congress.

      (B) The emergency response agency of each State.

      (C) The relevant organizations representing individuals to participate in the program.

    SEC. 555. Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency in conjunction with the Director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology shall submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives outlining Federal earthquake response plans for high-risk earthquake regions in the United States as determined by the United States Geological Survey.

    SEC. 556. Not later than six months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall establish revised procedures for expeditiously clearing individuals whose names have been mistakenly placed on a terrorist database list or who have names identical or similar to individuals on a terrorist database list. The Secretary shall advise Congress of the procedures established.

    SEC. 557. Title VII of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5201) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`SEC. 706. FIREARMS POLICIES.

    `(a) PROHIBITION ON CONFISCATION OF FIREARMS- No officer or employee of the United States (including any member of the uniformed services), or person operating pursuant to or under color of Federal law, or receiving Federal funds, or under control of any Federal official, or providing services to such an officer, employee, or other person, while acting in support of relief from a major disaster or emergency, may--

      `(1) temporarily or permanently seize, or authorize seizure of, any firearm the possession of which is not prohibited under Federal, State, or local law, other than for forfeiture in compliance with Federal law or as evidence in a criminal investigation;

      `(2) require registration of any firearm for which registration is not required by Federal, State, or local law;

      `(3) prohibit possession of any firearm, or promulgate any rule, regulation, or order prohibiting possession of any firearm, in any place or by any person where such possession is not otherwise prohibited by Federal, State, or local law; or

      `(4) prohibit the carrying of firearms by any person otherwise authorized to carry firearms under Federal, State, or local law, solely because such person is operating under the direction, control, or supervision of a Federal agency in support of relief from the major disaster or emergency.

    `(b) LIMITATION- Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit any person in subsection (a) from requiring the temporary surrender of a firearm as a condition for entry into any mode of transportation used for rescue or evacuation during a major disaster or emergency, provided that such temporarily surrendered firearm is returned at the completion of such rescue or evacuation.

    `(c) PRIVATE RIGHTS OF ACTION-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- Any individual aggrieved by a violation of this section may seek relief in an action at law, suit in equity, or other proper proceeding for redress against any person who subjects such individual, or causes such individual to be subjected, to the deprivation of any of the rights, privileges, or immunities secured by this section.

      `(2) REMEDIES- In addition to any existing remedy in law or equity, under any law, an individual aggrieved by the seizure or confiscation of a firearm in violation of this section may bring an action for return of such firearm in the United States district court in the district in which that individual resides or in which such firearm may be found.

      `(3) ATTORNEY FEES- In any action or proceeding to enforce this section, the court shall award the prevailing party, other than the United States, a reasonable attorney's fee as part of the costs.'.

    SEC. 558. Pilot Integrated Scanning System. (a) Designations-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security (referred to in this section as the `Secretary') shall designate three foreign seaports through which containers pass or are transshipped to the United States to pilot an integrated scanning system that couples nonintrusive imaging equipment and radiation detection equipment, which may be provided by the Megaports Initiative of the Department of Energy. In making designations under this subsection, the Secretary shall consider three distinct ports with unique features and differing levels of trade volume.

      (2) Collaboration and cooperation- The Secretary shall collaborate with the Secretary of Energy and cooperate with the private sector and host foreign government to implement the pilot program under this subsection.

    (b) Implementation- Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall achieve a full-scale implementation of the pilot integrated screening system, which shall--

      (1) scan all containers destined for the United States that transit through the terminal;

      (2) electronically transmit the images and information to the container security initiative personnel in the host country and/or Customs and Border Protection personnel in the United States for evaluation and analysis;

      (3) resolve every radiation alarm according to established Department procedures;

      (4) utilize the information collected to enhance the Automated Targeting System or other relevant programs; and

      (5) store the information for later retrieval and analysis.

    (c) EVALUATION- The Secretary shall evaluate the pilot program in subsection (b) to determine whether such a system--

      (1) has a sufficiently low false alarm rate for use in the supply chain;

      (2) is capable of being deployed and operated at ports overseas, including consideration of cost, personnel, and infrastructure required to operate the system;

      (3) is capable of integrating, where necessary, with existing systems;

      (4) does not significantly impact trade capacity and flow of cargo at foreign or United States ports; and

      (5) provides an automated notification of questionable or high-risk cargo as a trigger for further inspection by appropriately trained personnel.

    (d) Report- Not later than 120 days after achieving full-scale implementation under subsection (b), the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Energy and the Secretary of State, shall submit a report, to the appropriate congressional committees, that includes--

      (1) an evaluation of the lessons derived from the pilot program implemented under this section;

      (2) an analysis of the efficacy of the Automated Targeted System or other relevant programs in utilizing the images captured to examine high-risk containers;

      (3) an evaluation of software that is capable of automatically identifying potential anomalies in scanned containers; and

      (4) a plan and schedule to expand the integrated scanning system developed under this section to other container security initiative ports.

    (e) IMPLEMENTATION- If the Secretary determines the available technology meets the criteria outlined in subsection (c), the Secretary, in cooperation with the Secretary of State, shall seek to secure the cooperation of foreign governments to initiate and maximize the use of such technology at foreign ports to scan all cargo bound for the United States as quickly as possible.

    SEC. 559. (a) RESCISSION- From the unexpended balances of the United States Secret Service `Salaries and Expenses' account specifically identified in the Joint Explanatory Statement (House Report 109-241) accompanying the Department of Homeland Security Act, 2006 (Public Law 109-90) for National Special Security Events, $2,500,000 are rescinded.

    (b) ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATION- For necessary expenses of the United States Secret Service `Protection, Administration, and Training', there is appropriated an additional $2,500,000, to remain available until expended for National Special Security Events.

    SEC. 560. Transfer authority contained in section 505 of the Homeland Security Act, as amended by title VI of this Act, shall be used in accordance with the provisions of section 1531(a)(2) of title 31, United States Code.

TITLE VI--NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT

SEC. 601. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the `Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006'.

SEC. 602. DEFINITIONS.

    In this title--

      (1) the term `Administrator' means the Administrator of the Agency;

      (2) the term `Agency' means the Federal Emergency Management Agency;

      (3) the term `appropriate committees of Congress' means--

        (A) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate; and

        (B) those committees of the House of Representatives that the Speaker of the House of Representatives determines appropriate;

      (4) the term `catastrophic incident' means any natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster that results in extraordinary levels of casualties or damage or disruption severely affecting the population (including mass evacuations), infrastructure, environment, economy, national morale, or government functions in an area;

      (5) the term `Department' means the Department of Homeland Security;

      (6) the terms `emergency' and `major disaster' have the meanings given the terms in section 102 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5122);

      (7) the term `emergency management' means the governmental function that coordinates and integrates all activities necessary to build, sustain, and improve the capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, or mitigate against threatened or actual natural disasters, acts of terrorism, or other man-made disasters;

      (8) the term `emergency response provider' has the meaning given the term in section 2 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 101), as amended by this Act;

      (9) the term `Federal coordinating officer' means a Federal coordinating officer as described in section 302 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5143);

      (10) the term `individual with a disability' has the meaning given the term in section 3 of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12102);

      (11) the terms `local government' and `State' have the meaning given the terms in section 2 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 101);

      (12) the term `National Incident Management System' means a system to enable effective, efficient, and collaborative incident management;

      (13) the term `National Response Plan' means the National Response Plan or any successor plan prepared under section 502(a)(6) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (as amended by this Act);

      (14) the term `Secretary' means the Secretary of Homeland Security;

      (15) the term `surge capacity' means the ability to rapidly and substantially increase the provision of search and rescue capabilities, food, water, medicine, shelter and housing, medical care, evacuation capacity, staffing (including disaster assistance employees), and other resources necessary to save lives and protect property during a catastrophic incident; and

      (16) the term `tribal government' means the government of an Indian tribe or authorized tribal organization, or in Alaska a Native village or Alaska Regional Native Corporation.

Subtitle A--Federal Emergency Management Agency

SEC. 611. STRUCTURING THE FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY.

    Title V of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 311 et seq.) is amended--

      (1) by striking the title heading and inserting the following:

`TITLE V--NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT';

      (2) by striking section 501;

      (3) by striking section 503;

      (4) by striking section 507;

      (5) by striking section 510 (relating to urban and other high risk area communications capabilities);

      (6) by redesignating sections 504, 505, 508, and 509 as sections 517, 518, 519, and 520, respectively;

      (7) by redesignating section 510 (relating to procurement of security countermeasures for the strategic national stockpile) as section 521;

      (8) by redesignating section 502 as section 504;

      (9) by redesignating section 506 as section 502 and transferring that section to before section 504, as redesignated by paragraph (8) of this section;

      (10) by inserting before section 502, as redesignated and transferred by paragraph (9) of this section, the following:

`SEC. 501. DEFINITIONS.

    `In this title--

      `(1) the term `Administrator' means the Administrator of the Agency;

      `(2) the term `Agency' means the Federal Emergency Management Agency;

      `(3) the term `catastrophic incident' means any natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster that results in extraordinary levels of casualties or damage or disruption severely affecting the population (including mass evacuations), infrastructure, environment, economy, national morale, or government functions in an area;

      `(4) the term `Federal coordinating officer' means a Federal coordinating officer as described in section 302 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5143);

      `(5) the term `interoperable' has the meaning given the term `interoperable communications' under section 7303(g)(1) of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 194(g)(1));

      `(6) the term `National Incident Management System' means a system to enable effective, efficient, and collaborative incident management;

      `(7) the term `National Response Plan' means the National Response Plan or any successor plan prepared under section 502(a)(6);

      `(8) the term `Regional Administrator' means a Regional Administrator appointed under section 507;

      `(9) the term `Regional Office' means a Regional Office established under section 507;

      `(10) the term `surge capacity' means the ability to rapidly and substantially increase the provision of search and rescue capabilities, food, water, medicine, shelter and housing, medical care, evacuation capacity, staffing (including disaster assistance employees), and other resources necessary to save lives and protect property during a catastrophic incident; and

      `(11) the term `tribal government' means the government of any entity described in section 2(10)(B).';

      (11) by inserting after section 502, as redesignated and transferred by paragraph (9) of this section, the following:

`SEC. 503. FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY.

    `(a) In General- There is in the Department the Federal Emergency Management Agency, headed by an Administrator.

    `(b) Mission-

      `(1) PRIMARY MISSION- The primary mission of the Agency is to reduce the loss of life and property and protect the Nation from all hazards, including natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters, by leading and supporting the Nation in a risk-based, comprehensive emergency management system of preparedness, protection, response, recovery, and mitigation.

      `(2) SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES- In support of the primary mission of the Agency, the Administrator shall--

        `(A) lead the Nation's efforts to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate against the risk of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters, including catastrophic incidents;

        `(B) partner with State, local, and tribal governments and emergency response providers, with other Federal agencies, with the private sector, and with nongovernmental organizations to build a national system of emergency management that can effectively and efficiently utilize the full measure of the Nation's resources to respond to natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters, including catastrophic incidents;

        `(C) develop a Federal response capability that, when necessary and appropriate, can act effectively and rapidly to deliver assistance essential to saving lives or protecting or preserving property or public health and safety in a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster;

        `(D) integrate the Agency's emergency preparedness, protection, response, recovery, and mitigation responsibilities to confront effectively the challenges of a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster;

        `(E) develop and maintain robust Regional Offices that will work with State, local, and tribal governments, emergency response providers, and other appropriate entities to identify and address regional priorities;

        `(F) under the leadership of the Secretary, coordinate with the Commandant of the Coast Guard, the Director of Customs and Border Protection, the Director of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the National Operations Center, and other agencies and offices in the Department to take full advantage of the substantial range of resources in the Department;

        `(G) provide funding, training, exercises, technical assistance, planning, and other assistance to build tribal, local, State, regional, and national capabilities (including communications capabilities), necessary to respond to a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster; and

        `(H) develop and coordinate the implementation of a risk-based, all-hazards strategy for preparedness that builds those common capabilities necessary to respond to natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters while also building the unique capabilities necessary to respond to specific types of incidents that pose the greatest risk to our Nation.

    `(c) Administrator-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The Administrator shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

      `(2) QUALIFICATIONS- The Administrator shall be appointed from among individuals who have--

        `(A) a demonstrated ability in and knowledge of emergency management and homeland security; and

        `(B) not less than 5 years of executive leadership and management experience in the public or private sector.

      `(3) REPORTING- The Administrator shall report to the Secretary, without being required to report through any other official of the Department.

      `(4) PRINCIPAL ADVISOR ON EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT-

        `(A) IN GENERAL- The Administrator is the principal advisor to the President, the Homeland Security Council, and the Secretary for all matters relating to emergency management in the United States.

        `(B) ADVICE AND RECOMMENDATIONS-

          `(i) IN GENERAL- In presenting advice with respect to any matter to the President, the Homeland Security Council, or the Secretary, the Administrator shall, as the Administrator considers appropriate, inform the President, the Homeland Security Council, or the Secretary, as the case may be, of the range of emergency preparedness, protection, response, recovery, and mitigation options with respect to that matter.

          `(ii) ADVICE ON REQUEST- The Administrator, as the principal advisor on emergency management, shall provide advice to the President, the Homeland Security Council, or the Secretary on a particular matter when the President, the Homeland Security Council, or the Secretary requests such advice.

          `(iii) RECOMMENDATIONS TO CONGRESS- After informing the Secretary, the Administrator may make such recommendations to Congress relating to emergency management as the Administrator considers appropriate.

      `(5) CABINET STATUS-

        `(A) IN GENERAL- The President may designate the Administrator to serve as a member of the Cabinet in the event of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, or other man-made disasters.

        `(B) RETENTION OF AUTHORITY- Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed as affecting the authority of the Secretary under this Act.';

      (12) in section 504, as redesignated by paragraph (8) of this section--

        (A) in the section heading, by inserting `authority and' before `responsibilities';

        (B) by striking the matter preceding paragraph (1) and inserting the following:

    `(a) In General- The Administrator shall provide Federal leadership necessary to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, or mitigate against a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster, including--';

        (C) in paragraph (6), by striking `and' at the end; and

        (D) by striking paragraph (7) and inserting the following:

      `(7) helping ensure the acquisition of operable and interoperable communications capabilities by Federal, State, local, and tribal governments and emergency response providers;

      `(8) assisting the President in carrying out the functions under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.) and carrying out all functions and authorities given to the Administrator under that Act;

      `(9) carrying out the mission of the Agency to reduce the loss of life and property and protect the Nation from all hazards by leading and supporting the Nation in a risk-based, comprehensive emergency management system of--

        `(A) mitigation, by taking sustained actions to reduce or eliminate long-term risks to people and property from hazards and their effects;

        `(B) preparedness, by planning, training, and building the emergency management profession to prepare effectively for, mitigate against, respond to, and recover from any hazard;

        `(C) response, by conducting emergency operations to save lives and property through positioning emergency equipment, personnel, and supplies, through evacuating potential victims, through providing food, water, shelter, and medical care to those in need, and through restoring critical public services; and

        `(D) recovery, by rebuilding communities so individuals, businesses, and governments can function on their own, return to normal life, and protect against future hazards;

      `(10) increasing efficiencies, by coordinating efforts relating to preparedness, protection, response, recovery, and mitigation;

      `(11) helping to ensure the effectiveness of emergency response providers in responding to a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster;

      `(12) supervising grant programs administered by the Agency;

      `(13) administering and ensuring the implementation of the National Response Plan, including coordinating and ensuring the readiness of each emergency support function under the National Response Plan;

      `(14) coordinating with the National Advisory Council established under section 508;

      `(15) preparing and implementing the plans and programs of the Federal Government for--

        `(A) continuity of operations;

        `(B) continuity of government; and

        `(C) continuity of plans;

      `(16) minimizing, to the extent practicable, overlapping planning and reporting requirements applicable to State, local, and tribal governments and the private sector;

      `(17) maintaining and operating within the Agency the National Response Coordination Center or its successor;

      `(18) developing a national emergency management system that is capable of preparing for, protecting against, responding to, recovering from, and mitigating against catastrophic incidents;

      `(19) assisting the President in carrying out the functions under the national preparedness goal and the national preparedness system and carrying out all functions and authorities of the Administrator under the national preparedness System;

      `(20) carrying out all authorities of the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the Directorate of Preparedness of the Department as transferred under section 505; and

      `(21) otherwise carrying out the mission of the Agency as described in section 503(b).

    `(b) All-Hazards Approach- In carrying out the responsibilities under this section, the Administrator shall coordinate the implementation of a risk-based, all-hazards strategy that builds those common capabilities necessary to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, or mitigate against natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters, while also building the unique capabilities necessary to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, or mitigate against the risks of specific types of incidents that pose the greatest risk to the Nation.'; and

      (13) by inserting after section 504, as redesignated by paragraph (8) of this section, the following:

`SEC. 505. FUNCTIONS TRANSFERRED.

    `(a) In General- Except as provided in subsection (b), there are transferred to the Agency the following:

      `(1) All functions of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, including existing responsibilities for emergency alert systems and continuity of operations and continuity of government plans and programs as constituted on June 1, 2006, including all of its personnel, assets, components, authorities, grant programs, and liabilities, and including the functions of the Under Secretary for Federal Emergency Management relating thereto.

      `(2) The Directorate of Preparedness, as constituted on June 1, 2006, including all of its functions, personnel, assets, components, authorities, grant programs, and liabilities, and including the functions of the Under Secretary for Preparedness relating thereto.

    `(b) Exceptions- The following within the Preparedness Directorate shall not be transferred:

      `(1) The Office of Infrastructure Protection.

      `(2) The National Communications System.

      `(3) The National Cybersecurity Division.

      `(4) The Office of the Chief Medical Officer.

      `(5) The functions, personnel, assets, components, authorities, and liabilities of each component described under paragraphs (1) through (4).

`SEC. 506. PRESERVING THE FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY.

    `(a) Distinct Entity- The Agency shall be maintained as a distinct entity within the Department.

    `(b) Reorganization- Section 872 shall not apply to the Agency, including any function or organizational unit of the Agency.

    `(c) Prohibition on Changes to Missions-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may not substantially or significantly reduce the authorities, responsibilities, or functions of the Agency or the capability of the Agency to perform those missions, authorities, responsibilities, except as otherwise specifically provided in an Act enacted after the date of enactment of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006.

      `(2) CERTAIN TRANSFERS PROHIBITED- No asset, function, or mission of the Agency may be diverted to the principal and continuing use of any other organization, unit, or entity of the Department, except for details or assignments that do not reduce the capability of the Agency to perform its missions.

    `(d) Reprogramming and Transfer of Funds- In reprogramming or transferring funds, the Secretary shall comply with any applicable provisions of any Act making appropriations for the Department for fiscal year 2007, or any succeeding fiscal year, relating to the reprogramming or transfer of funds.

`SEC. 507. REGIONAL OFFICES.

    `(a) In General- There are in the Agency 10 regional offices, as identified by the Administrator.

    `(b) Management of Regional Offices-

      `(1) REGIONAL ADMINISTRATOR- Each Regional Office shall be headed by a Regional Administrator who shall be appointed by the Administrator, after consulting with State, local, and tribal government officials in the region. Each Regional Administrator shall report directly to the Administrator and be in the Senior Executive Service.

      `(2) QUALIFICATIONS-

        `(A) IN GENERAL- Each Regional Administrator shall be appointed from among individuals who have a demonstrated ability in and knowledge of emergency management and homeland security.

        `(B) CONSIDERATIONS- In selecting a Regional Administrator for a Regional Office, the Administrator shall consider the familiarity of an individual with the geographical area and demographic characteristics of the population served by such Regional Office.

    `(c) Responsibilities-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The Regional Administrator shall work in partnership with State, local, and tribal governments, emergency managers, emergency response providers, medical providers, the private sector, nongovernmental organizations, multijurisdictional councils of governments, and regional planning commissions and organizations in the geographical area served by the Regional Office to carry out the responsibilities of a Regional Administrator under this section.

      `(2) RESPONSIBILITIES- The responsibilities of a Regional Administrator include--

        `(A) ensuring effective, coordinated, and integrated regional preparedness, protection, response, recovery, and mitigation activities and programs for natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters (including planning, training, exercises, and professional development);

        `(B) assisting in the development of regional capabilities needed for a national catastrophic response system;

        `(C) coordinating the establishment of effective regional operable and interoperable emergency communications capabilities;

        `(D) staffing and overseeing 1 or more strike teams within the region under subsection (f), to serve as the focal point of the Federal Government's initial response efforts for natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters within that region, and otherwise building Federal response capabilities to respond to natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters within that region;

        `(E) designating an individual responsible for the development of strategic and operational regional plans in support of the National Response Plan;

        `(F) fostering the development of mutual aid and other cooperative agreements;

        `(G) identifying critical gaps in regional capabilities to respond to populations with special needs;

        `(H) maintaining and operating a Regional Response Coordination Center or its successor; and

        `(I) performing such other duties relating to such responsibilities as the Administrator may require.

      `(3) TRAINING AND EXERCISE REQUIREMENTS-

        `(A) TRAINING- The Administrator shall require each Regional Administrator to undergo specific training periodically to complement the qualifications of the Regional Administrator. Such training, as appropriate, shall include training with respect to the National Incident Management System, the National Response Plan, and such other subjects as determined by the Administrator.

        `(B) EXERCISES- The Administrator shall require each Regional Administrator to participate as appropriate in regional and national exercises.

    `(d) Area Offices-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- There is an Area Office for the Pacific and an Area Office for the Caribbean, as components in the appropriate Regional Offices.

      `(2) ALASKA- The Administrator shall establish an Area Office in Alaska, as a component in the appropriate Regional Office.

    `(e) Regional Advisory Council-

      `(1) ESTABLISHMENT- Each Regional Administrator shall establish a Regional Advisory Council.

      `(2) NOMINATIONS- A State, local, or tribal government located within the geographic area served by the Regional Office may nominate officials, including Adjutants General and emergency managers, to serve as members of the Regional Advisory Council for that region.

      `(3) RESPONSIBILITIES- Each Regional Advisory Council shall--

        `(A) advise the Regional Administrator on emergency management issues specific to that region;

        `(B) identify any geographic, demographic, or other characteristics peculiar to any State, local, or tribal government within the region that might make preparedness, protection, response, recovery, or mitigation more complicated or difficult; and

        `(C) advise the Regional Administrator of any weaknesses or deficiencies in preparedness, protection, response, recovery, and mitigation for any State, local, and tribal government within the region of which the Regional Advisory Council is aware.

    `(f) Regional Office Strike Teams-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- In coordination with other relevant Federal agencies, each Regional Administrator shall oversee multi-agency strike teams authorized under section 303 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5144) that shall consist of--

        `(A) a designated Federal coordinating officer;

        `(B) personnel trained in incident management;

        `(C) public affairs, response and recovery, and communications support personnel;

        `(D) a defense coordinating officer;

        `(E) liaisons to other Federal agencies;

        `(F) such other personnel as the Administrator or Regional Administrator determines appropriate; and

        `(G) individuals from the agencies with primary responsibility for each of the emergency support functions in the National Response Plan.

      `(2) OTHER DUTIES- The duties of an individual assigned to a Regional Office strike team from another relevant agency when such individual is not functioning as a member of the strike team shall be consistent with the emergency preparedness activities of the agency that employs such individual.

      `(3) LOCATION OF MEMBERS- The members of each Regional Office strike team, including representatives from agencies other than the Department, shall be based primarily within the region that corresponds to that strike team.

      `(4) COORDINATION- Each Regional Office strike team shall coordinate the training and exercises of that strike team with the State, local, and tribal governments and private sector and nongovernmental entities which the strike team shall support when a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster occurs.

      `(5) PREPAREDNESS- Each Regional Office strike team shall be trained as a unit on a regular basis and equipped and staffed to be well prepared to respond to natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters, including catastrophic incidents.

      `(6) AUTHORITIES- If the Administrator determines that statutory authority is inadequate for the preparedness and deployment of individuals in strike teams under this subsection, the Administrator shall report to Congress regarding the additional statutory authorities that the Administrator determines are necessary.

`SEC. 508. NATIONAL ADVISORY COUNCIL.

    `(a) Establishment- Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006, the Secretary shall establish an advisory body under section 871(a) to ensure effective and ongoing coordination of Federal preparedness, protection, response, recovery, and mitigation for natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters, to be known as the National Advisory Council.

    `(b) Responsibilities- The National Advisory Council shall advise the Administrator on all aspects of emergency management. The National Advisory Council shall incorporate State, local, and tribal government and private sector input in the development and revision of the national preparedness goal, the national preparedness system, the National Incident Management System, the National Response Plan, and other related plans and strategies.

    `(c) Membership-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The members of the National Advisory Council shall be appointed by the Administrator, and shall, to the extent practicable, represent a geographic (including urban and rural) and substantive cross section of officials, emergency managers, and emergency response providers from State, local, and tribal governments, the private sector, and nongovernmental organizations, including as appropriate--

        `(A) members selected from the emergency management field and emergency response providers, including fire service, law enforcement, hazardous materials response, emergency medical services, and emergency management personnel, or organizations representing such individuals;

        `(B) health scientists, emergency and inpatient medical providers, and public health professionals;

        `(C) experts from Federal, State, local, and tribal governments, and the private sector, representing standards-setting and accrediting organizations, including representatives from the voluntary consensus codes and standards development community, particularly those with expertise in the emergency preparedness and response field;

        `(D) State, local, and tribal government officials with expertise in preparedness, protection, response, recovery, and mitigation, including Adjutants General;

        `(E) elected State, local, and tribal government executives;

        `(F) experts in public and private sector infrastructure protection, cybersecurity, and communications;

        `(G) representatives of individuals with disabilities and other populations with special needs; and

        `(H) such other individuals as the Administrator determines to be appropriate.

      `(2) COORDINATION WITH THE DEPARTMENTS OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES AND TRANSPORTATION- In the selection of members of the National Advisory Council who are health or emergency medical services professionals, the Administrator shall work with the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the Secretary of Transportation.

      `(3) EX OFFICIO MEMBERS- The Administrator shall designate 1 or more officers of the Federal Government to serve as ex officio members of the National Advisory Council.

      `(4) TERMS OF OFFICE-

        `(A) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the term of office of each member of the National Advisory Council shall be 3 years.

        `(B) INITIAL APPOINTMENTS- Of the members initially appointed to the National Advisory Council--

          `(i) one-third shall be appointed for a term of 1 year; and

          `(ii) one-third shall be appointed for a term of 2 years.

    `(d) Applicability of Federal Advisory Committee Act-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding section 871(a) and subject to paragraph (2), the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.), including subsections (a), (b), and (d) of section 10 of such Act, and section 552b(c) of title 5, United States Code, shall apply to the National Advisory Council.

      `(2) TERMINATION- Section 14(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the National Advisory Council.

`SEC. 509. NATIONAL INTEGRATION CENTER.

    `(a) In General- There is established in the Agency a National Integration Center.

    `(b) Responsibilities-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The Administrator, through the National Integration Center, and in consultation with other Federal departments and agencies and the National Advisory Council, shall ensure ongoing management and maintenance of the National Incident Management System, the National Response Plan, and any successor to such system or plan.

      `(2) SPECIFIC RESPONSIBILITIES- The National Integration Center shall periodically review, and revise as appropriate, the National Incident Management System and the National Response Plan, including--

        `(A) establishing, in consultation with the Director of the Corporation for National and Community Service, a process to better use volunteers and donations;

        `(B) improving the use of Federal, State, local, and tribal resources and ensuring the effective use of emergency response providers at emergency scenes; and

        `(C) revising the Catastrophic Incident Annex, finalizing and releasing the Catastrophic Incident Supplement to the National Response Plan, and ensuring that both effectively address response requirements in the event of a catastrophic incident.

    `(c) Incident Management-

      `(1) IN GENERAL-

        `(A) NATIONAL RESPONSE PLAN- The Secretary, acting through the Administrator, shall ensure that the National Response Plan provides for a clear chain of command to lead and coordinate the Federal response to any natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster.

        `(B) ADMINISTRATOR- The chain of the command specified in the National Response Plan shall--

          `(i) provide for a role for the Administrator consistent with the role of the Administrator as the principal emergency management advisor to the President, the Homeland Security Council, and the Secretary under section 503(c)(4) and the responsibility of the Administrator under the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006, and the amendments made by that Act, relating to natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters; and

          `(ii) provide for a role for the Federal Coordinating Officer consistent with the responsibilities under section 302(b) of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5143(b)).

      `(2) PRINCIPAL FEDERAL OFFICIAL- The Principal Federal Official (or the successor thereto) shall not--

        `(A) direct or replace the incident command structure established at the incident; or

        `(B) have directive authority over the Senior Federal Law Enforcement Official, Federal Coordinating Officer, or other Federal and State officials.

`SEC. 510. CREDENTIALING AND TYPING.

    `The Administrator shall enter into a memorandum of understanding with the administrators of the Emergency Management Assistance Compact, State, local, and tribal governments, and organizations that represent emergency response providers, to collaborate on developing standards for deployment capabilities, including credentialing of personnel and typing of resources likely needed to respond to natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters.

`SEC. 511. THE NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE SIMULATION AND ANALYSIS CENTER.

    `(a) Definition- In this section, the term `National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center' means the National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center established under section 1016(d) of the USA PATRIOT Act (42 U.S.C. 5195c(d)).

    `(b) Authority-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- There is in the Department the National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center which shall serve as a source of national expertise to address critical infrastructure protection and continuity through support for activities related to--

        `(A) counterterrorism, threat assessment, and risk mitigation; and

        `(B) a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster.

      `(2) INFRASTRUCTURE MODELING-

        `(A) PARTICULAR SUPPORT- The support provided under paragraph (1) shall include modeling, simulation, and analysis of the systems and assets comprising critical infrastructure, in order to enhance preparedness, protection, response, recovery, and mitigation activities.

        `(B) RELATIONSHIP WITH OTHER AGENCIES- Each Federal agency and department with critical infrastructure responsibilities under Homeland Security Presidential Directive 7, or any successor to such directive, shall establish a formal relationship, including an agreement regarding information sharing, between the elements of such agency or department and the National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center, through the Department.

        `(C) PURPOSE-

          `(i) IN GENERAL- The purpose of the relationship under subparagraph (B) shall be to permit each Federal agency and department described in subparagraph (B) to take full advantage of the capabilities of the National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center (particularly vulnerability and consequence analysis), consistent with its work load capacity and priorities, for real-time response to reported and projected natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters.

          `(ii) RECIPIENT OF CERTAIN SUPPORT- Modeling, simulation, and analysis provided under this subsection shall be provided to relevant Federal agencies and departments, including Federal agencies and departments with critical infrastructure responsibilities under Homeland Security Presidential Directive 7, or any successor to such directive.

`SEC. 512. EVACUATION PLANS AND EXERCISES.

    `(a) In General- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, and subject to subsection (d), grants made to States or local or tribal governments by the Department through the State Homeland Security Grant Program or the Urban Area Security Initiative may be used to--

      `(1) establish programs for the development and maintenance of mass evacuation plans under subsection (b) in the event of a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster;

      `(2) prepare for the execution of such plans, including the development of evacuation routes and the purchase and stockpiling of necessary supplies and shelters; and

      `(3) conduct exercises of such plans.

    `(b) Plan Development- In developing the mass evacuation plans authorized under subsection (a), each State, local, or tribal government shall, to the maximum extent practicable--

      `(1) establish incident command and decision making processes;

      `(2) ensure that State, local, and tribal government plans, including evacuation routes, are coordinated and integrated;

      `(3) identify primary and alternative evacuation routes and methods to increase evacuation capabilities along such routes such as conversion of two-way traffic to one-way evacuation routes;

      `(4) identify evacuation transportation modes and capabilities, including the use of mass and public transit capabilities, and coordinating and integrating evacuation plans for all populations including for those individuals located in hospitals, nursing homes, and other institutional living facilities;

      `(5) develop procedures for informing the public of evacuation plans before and during an evacuation, including individuals--

        `(A) with disabilities or other special needs;

        `(B) with limited English proficiency; or

        `(C) who might otherwise have difficulty in obtaining such information; and

      `(6) identify shelter locations and capabilities.

    `(c) Assistance-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The Administrator may establish any guidelines, standards, or requirements determined appropriate to administer this section and to ensure effective mass evacuation planning for State, local, and tribal areas.

      `(2) REQUESTED ASSISTANCE- The Administrator shall make assistance available upon request of a State, local, or tribal government to assist hospitals, nursing homes, and other institutions that house individuals with special needs to establish, maintain, and exercise mass evacuation plans that are coordinated and integrated into the plans developed by that State, local, or tribal government under this section.

    `(d) Multipurpose Funds- Nothing in this section may be construed to preclude a State, local, or tribal government from using grant funds in a manner that enhances preparedness for a natural or man-made disaster unrelated to an act of terrorism, if such use assists such government in building capabilities for terrorism preparedness.

`SEC. 513. DISABILITY COORDINATOR.

    `(a) In General- After consultation with organizations representing individuals with disabilities, the National Council on Disabilities, and the Interagency Coordinating Council on Preparedness and Individuals with Disabilities, established under Executive Order No. 13347 (6 U.S.C. 312 note), the Administrator shall appoint a Disability Coordinator. The Disability Coordinator shall report directly to the Administrator, in order to ensure that the needs of individuals with disabilities are being properly addressed in emergency preparedness and disaster relief.

    `(b) Responsibilities- The Disability Coordinator shall be responsible for--

      `(1) providing guidance and coordination on matters related to individuals with disabilities in emergency planning requirements and relief efforts in the event of a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster;

      `(2) interacting with the staff of the Agency, the National Council on Disabilities, the Interagency Coordinating Council on Preparedness and Individuals with Disabilities established under Executive Order No. 13347 (6 U.S.C. 312 note), other agencies of the Federal Government, and State, local, and tribal government authorities regarding the needs of individuals with disabilities in emergency planning requirements and relief efforts in the event of a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster;

      `(3) consulting with organizations that represent the interests and rights of individuals with disabilities about the needs of individuals with disabilities in emergency planning requirements and relief efforts in the event of a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster;

      `(4) ensuring the coordination and dissemination of best practices and model evacuation plans for individuals with disabilities;

      `(5) ensuring the development of training materials and a curriculum for training of emergency response providers, State, local, and tribal government officials, and others on the needs of individuals with disabilities;

      `(6) promoting the accessibility of telephone hotlines and websites regarding emergency preparedness, evacuations, and disaster relief;

      `(7) working to ensure that video programming distributors, including broadcasters, cable operators, and satellite television services, make emergency information accessible to individuals with hearing and vision disabilities;

      `(8) ensuring the availability of accessible transportation options for individuals with disabilities in the event of an evacuation;

      `(9) providing guidance and implementing policies to ensure that the rights and wishes of individuals with disabilities regarding post-evacuation residency and relocation are respected;

      `(10) ensuring that meeting the needs of individuals with disabilities are included in the components of the national preparedness system established under section 644 of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006; and

      `(11) any other duties as assigned by the Administrator.

`SEC. 514. DEPARTMENT AND AGENCY OFFICIALS.

    `(a) Deputy Administrators- The President may appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, not more than 4 Deputy Administrators to assist the Administrator in carrying out this title.

    `(b) Cybersecurity and Communications- There is in the Department an Assistant Secretary for Cybersecurity and Communications.

    `(c) United States Fire Administration- The Administrator of the United States Fire Administration shall have a rank equivalent to an assistant secretary of the Department.

`SEC. 515. NATIONAL OPERATIONS CENTER.

    `(a) Definition- In this section, the term `situational awareness' means information gathered from a variety of sources that, when communicated to emergency managers and decision makers, can form the basis for incident management decisionmaking.

    `(b) Establishment- The National Operations Center is the principal operations center for the Department and shall--

      `(1) provide situational awareness and a common operating picture for the entire Federal Government, and for State, local, and tribal governments as appropriate, in the event of a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster; and

      `(2) ensure that critical terrorism and disaster-related information reaches government decision-makers.

`SEC. 516. CHIEF MEDICAL OFFICER.

    `(a) In General- There is in the Department a Chief Medical Officer, who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

    `(b) Qualifications- The individual appointed as Chief Medical Officer shall possess a demonstrated ability in and knowledge of medicine and public health.

    `(c) Responsibilities- The Chief Medical Officer shall have the primary responsibility within the Department for medical issues related to natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters, including--

      `(1) serving as the principal advisor to the Secretary and the Administrator on medical and public health issues;

      `(2) coordinating the biodefense activities of the Department;

      `(3) ensuring internal and external coordination of all medical preparedness and response activities of the Department, including training, exercises, and equipment support;

      `(4) serving as the Department's primary point of contact with the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Defense, the Department of Health and Human Services, the Department of Transportation, the Department of Veterans Affairs, and other Federal departments or agencies, on medical and public health issues;

      `(5) serving as the Department's primary point of contact for State, local, and tribal governments, the medical community, and others within and outside the Department, with respect to medical and public health matters;

      `(6) discharging, in coordination with the Under Secretary for Science and Technology, the responsibilities of the Department related to Project Bioshield; and

      `(7) performing such other duties relating to such responsibilities as the Secretary may require.'.

SEC. 612. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Executive Schedule-

      (1) ADMINISTRATOR- Section 5313 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

      `Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency.'.

      (2) DEPUTY ADMINISTRATORS- Section 5314 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

      `Deputy Administrators, Federal Emergency Management Agency.'.

      (3) CHIEF MEDICAL OFFICER- Section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

      `Chief Medical Officer, Department of Homeland Security.'.

    (b) Officers of the Department- Section 103(a) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 113(a)) is amended--

      (1) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following:

      `(5) An Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency.';

      (2) by striking paragraph (2); and

      (3) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (10) (as amended by this subsection) as paragraphs (2) through (9), respectively.

    (c) References- Any reference to the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, in any law, rule, regulation, certificate, directive, instruction, or other official paper shall be considered to refer and apply to the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

    (d) Definition- Section 2(6) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 101(6)) is amended by inserting `fire,' after `safety,'.

    (e) Table of Contents- The table of contents in section 1(b) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 101 et seq.) is amended by striking the items relating to title V and sections 501 through 509 and inserting the following:

`TITLE V--NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT

      `Sec. 501. Definitions.

      `Sec. 502. Definition.

      `Sec. 503. Federal Emergency Management Agency.

      `Sec. 504. Authorities and responsibilities.

      `Sec. 505. Functions transferred.

      `Sec. 506. Preserving the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

      `Sec. 507. Regional Offices.

      `Sec. 508. National Advisory Council.

      `Sec. 509. National Integration Center.

      `Sec. 510. Credentialing and typing.

      `Sec. 511. The National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center.

      `Sec. 512. Evacuation plans and exercises.

      `Sec. 513. Disability Coordinator.

      `Sec. 514. Department and Agency officials.

      `Sec. 515. National Operations Center.

      `Sec. 516. Chief Medical Officer.

      `Sec. 517. Nuclear incident response.

      `Sec. 518. Conduct of certain public health-related activities.

      `Sec. 519. Use of national private sector networks in emergency response.

      `Sec. 520. Use of commercially available technology, goods, and services.

      `Sec. 521. Procurement of security countermeasures for strategic national stockpile.'.

    (f) Interim Actions-

      (1) IN GENERAL- During the period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act and ending on March 31, 2007, the Secretary, the Under Secretary for Preparedness, and the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency shall take such actions as are necessary to provide for the orderly implementation of any amendment under this subtitle that takes effect on March 31, 2007.

      (2) REFERENCES- Any reference to the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency in this title or an amendment by this title shall be considered to refer and apply to the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency until March 31, 2007.

SEC. 613. NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE.

    Nothing in this title shall alter or otherwise affect the authorities and activities of the National Weather Service to protect life and property, including under the Act of October 1, 1890 (26 Stat. 653-55).

SEC. 614. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    (a) In General- Except as provided in subsection (b), this title and the amendments made by this title shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act.

    (b) Exceptions- The following shall take effect on March 31, 2007:

      (1) The amendments made by section 611(11).

      (2) The amendments made by section 611(12).

      (3) Sections 505, 507, 508, and 514 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended by section 611(13) of this Act.

      (4) The amendments made by subsection (a).

      (5) The amendments made by subsection (b)(1).

Subtitle B--Personnel Provisions

CHAPTER 1--FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY PERSONNEL

SEC. 621. WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) In General- Subpart I of part III of title 5, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

`CHAPTER 101--FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY PERSONNEL

      `Sec.

      `10101. Definitions.

      `10102. Strategic human capital plan.

      `10103. Career paths.

      `10104. Recruitment bonuses.

      `10105. Retention bonuses.

      `10106. Quarterly report on vacancy rate in employee positions.

`Sec. 10101. Definitions

    `For purposes of this chapter--

      `(1) the term `Agency' means the Federal Emergency Management Agency;

      `(2) the term `Administrator' means the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency;

      `(3) the term `appropriate committees of Congress' has the meaning given the term in section 602 of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006;

      `(4) the term `Department' means the Department of Homeland Security; and

      `(5) the term `Surge Capacity Force' refers to the Surge Capacity Force, described under section 624 of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006.

`Sec. 10102. Strategic human capital plan

    `(a) Plan Development- Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this chapter, the Administrator shall develop and submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a strategic human capital plan to shape and improve the workforce of the Agency.

    `(b) Contents- The strategic human capital plan shall include--

      `(1) a workforce gap analysis, including an assessment of--

        `(A) the critical skills and competencies that will be needed in the workforce of the Agency to support the mission and responsibilities of, and effectively manage, the Agency during the 10-year period beginning on the date of enactment of this chapter;

        `(B) the skills and competencies of the workforce of the Agency on the day before the date of enactment of this chapter and projected trends in that workforce, based on expected losses due to retirement and other attrition; and

        `(C) the staffing levels of each category of employee, including gaps in the workforce of the Agency on the day before the date of enactment of this chapter and in the projected workforce of the Agency that should be addressed to ensure that the Agency has continued access to the critical skills and competencies described in subparagraph (A);

      `(2) a plan of action for developing and reshaping the workforce of the Agency to address the gaps in critical skills and competencies identified under paragraph (1)(C), including--

        `(A) specific recruitment and retention goals, including the use of the bonus authorities under this chapter as well as other bonus authorities (including the program objective of the Agency to be achieved through such goals);

        `(B) specific strategies for developing, training, deploying, compensating, and motivating and retaining the Agency workforce and its ability to fulfill the Agency's mission and responsibilities (including the program objectives of the Department and the Agency to be achieved through such strategies);

        `(C) specific strategies for recruiting individuals who have served in multiple State agencies with emergency management responsibilities; and

        `(D) specific strategies for the development, training, and coordinated and rapid deployment of the Surge Capacity Force; and

      `(3) a discussion that--

        `(A) details the number of employees of the Department not employed by the Agency serving in the Surge Capacity Force and the qualifications or credentials of such individuals;

        `(B) details the number of individuals not employed by the Department serving in the Surge Capacity Force and the qualifications or credentials of such individuals;

        `(C) describes the training given to the Surge Capacity Force during the calendar year preceding the year of submission of the plan under subsection (c);

        `(D) states whether the Surge Capacity Force is able to adequately prepare for, respond to, and recover from natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters, including catastrophic incidents; and

        `(E) describes any additional authorities or resources necessary to address any deficiencies in the Surge Capacity Force.

    `(c) Annual Updates- Not later than May 1, 2007, and May 1st of each of the next 5 succeeding years, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress an update of the strategic human capital plan, including an assessment by the Administrator, using results-oriented performance measures, of the progress of the Department and the Agency in implementing the strategic human capital plan.

`Sec. 10103. Career paths

    `(a) In General- The Administrator shall--

      `(1) ensure that appropriate career paths for personnel of the Agency are identified, including the education, training, experience, and assignments necessary for career progression within the Agency; and

      `(2) publish information on the career paths described in paragraph (1).

    `(b) Education, Training, and Experience- The Administrator shall ensure that all personnel of the Agency are provided the opportunity to acquire the education, training, and experience necessary to qualify for promotion within the Agency, including, as appropriate, the opportunity to participate in the Rotation Program established under section 844 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002.

    `(c) Policy- The Administrator shall establish a policy for assigning Agency personnel to positions that provides for a balance between--

      `(1) the need for such personnel to serve in career enhancing positions; and

      `(2) the need to require service in a position for a sufficient period of time to provide the stability necessary--

        `(A) to carry out the duties of that position; and

        `(B) for responsibility and accountability for actions taken in that position.

`Sec. 10104. Recruitment bonuses

    `(a) In General- The Administrator may pay a bonus to an individual in order to recruit the individual for a position within the Agency that would otherwise be difficult to fill in the absence of such a bonus. Upon completion of the strategic human capital plan, such bonuses shall be paid in accordance with that plan.

    `(b) Bonus Amount-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The amount of a bonus under this section shall be determined by the Administrator, but may not exceed 25 percent of the annual rate of basic pay of the position involved.

      `(2) FORM OF PAYMENT- A bonus under this section shall be paid in the form of a lump-sum payment and shall not be considered to be part of basic pay.

    `(c) Service Agreements- Payment of a bonus under this section shall be contingent upon the employee entering into a written service agreement with the Agency. The agreement shall include--

      `(1) the period of service the individual shall be required to complete in return for the bonus; and

      `(2) the conditions under which the agreement may be terminated before the agreed-upon service period has been completed, and the effect of the termination.

    `(d) Eligibility- A bonus under this section may not be paid to an individual who is appointed to or holds--

      `(1) a position to which an individual is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate;

      `(2) a position in the Senior Executive Service as a noncareer appointee (as defined in section 3132(a)); or

      `(3) a position which has been excepted from the competitive service by reason of its confidential, policy-determining, policy-making, or policy-advocating character.

    `(e) Termination- The authority to pay bonuses under this section shall terminate 5 years after the date of enactment of this chapter.

    `(f) Reports-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The Agency shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress, annually for each of the 5 years during which this section is in effect, a report on the operation of this section.

      `(2) CONTENTS- Each report submitted under this subsection shall include, with respect to the period covered by such report, a description of how the authority to pay bonuses under this section was used by the Agency, including--

        `(A) the number and dollar amount of bonuses paid to individuals holding positions within each pay grade, pay level, or other pay classification; and

        `(B) a determination of the extent to which such bonuses furthered the purposes of this section.

`Sec. 10105. Retention bonuses

    `(a) Authority- The Administrator may pay, on a case-by-case basis, a bonus under this section to an employee of the Agency if--

      `(1) the unusually high or unique qualifications of the employee or a special need of the Agency for the employee's services makes it essential to retain the employee; and

      `(2) the Administrator determines that, in the absence of such a bonus, the employee would be likely to leave--

        `(A) the Federal service; or

        `(B) for a different position in the Federal service.

    `(b) Service Agreement- Payment of a bonus under this section is contingent upon the employee entering into a written service agreement with the Agency to complete a period of service with the Agency. Such agreement shall include--

      `(1) the period of service the individual shall be required to complete in return for the bonus; and

      `(2) the conditions under which the agreement may be terminated before the agreed-upon service period has been completed, and the effect of the termination.

    `(c) Bonus Amount-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The amount of a bonus under this section shall be determined by the Administrator, but may not exceed 25 percent of the annual rate of basic pay of the position involved.

      `(2) FORM OF PAYMENT- A bonus under this section shall be paid in the form of a lump-sum payment and shall not be considered to be part of basic pay.

    `(d) Limitation- A bonus under this section--

      `(1) may not be based on any period of service which is the basis for a recruitment bonus under section 10104;

      `(2) may not be paid to an individual who is appointed to or holds--

        `(A) a position to which an individual is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate;

        `(B) a position in the Senior Executive Service as a noncareer appointee (as defined in section 3132(a)); or

        `(C) a position which has been excepted from the competitive service by reason of its confidential, policy-determining, policy-making, or policy-advocating character; and

      `(3) upon completion of the strategic human capital plan, shall be paid in accordance with that plan.

    `(e) Termination of Authority- The authority to grant bonuses under this section shall expire 5 years after the date of enactment of this chapter.

    `(f) Reports-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The Office of Personnel Management shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress, annually for each of the first 5 years during which this section is in effect, a report on the operation of this section.

      `(2) CONTENTS- Each report submitted under this subsection shall include, with respect to the period covered by such report, a description of how the authority to pay bonuses under this section was used by the Agency, including, with respect to each such agency--

        `(A) the number and dollar amount of bonuses paid to individuals holding positions within each pay grade, pay level, or other pay classification; and

        `(B) a determination of the extent to which such bonuses furthered the purposes of this section.

`Sec. 10106. Quarterly report on vacancy rate in employee positions

    `(a) Initial Report-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 3 months after the date of enactment of this chapter, the Administrator shall develop and submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the vacancies in employee positions of the Agency.

      `(2) CONTENTS- The report under this subsection shall include--

        `(A) vacancies of each category of employee position;

        `(B) the number of applicants for each vacancy for which public notice has been given;

        `(C) the length of time that each vacancy has been pending;

        `(D) hiring-cycle time for each vacancy that has been filled; and

        `(E) a plan for reducing the hiring-cycle time and reducing the current and anticipated vacancies with highly-qualified personnel.

    `(b) Quarterly Updates- Not later than 3 months after submission of the initial report, and every 3 months thereafter until 5 years after the date of enactment of this chapter, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress an update of the report under subsection (a), including an assessment by the Administrator of the progress of the Agency in filling vacant employee positions of the Agency.'.

    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendment- The analysis for part III title 5, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to chapter 99 the following:

10101'.

SEC. 622. ESTABLISHMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY ROTATION PROGRAM AT THE DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY.

    (a) Establishment- Title VIII of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 361 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 843 the following:

`SEC. 844. HOMELAND SECURITY ROTATION PROGRAM.

    `(a) Establishment-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall establish the Homeland Security Rotation Program (in this section referred to as the `Rotation Program') for employees of the Department. The Rotation Program shall use applicable best practices, including those from the Chief Human Capital Officers Council.

      `(2) GOALS- The Rotation Program established by the Secretary shall--

        `(A) be established in accordance with the Human Capital Strategic Plan of the Department;

        `(B) provide middle and senior level employees in the Department the opportunity to broaden their knowledge through exposure to other components of the Department;

        `(C) expand the knowledge base of the Department by providing for rotational assignments of employees to other components;

        `(D) build professional relationships and contacts among the employees in the Department;

        `(E) invigorate the workforce with exciting and professionally rewarding opportunities;

        `(F) incorporate Department human capital strategic plans and activities, and address critical human capital deficiencies, recruitment and retention efforts, and succession planning within the Federal workforce of the Department; and

        `(G) complement and incorporate (but not replace) rotational programs within the Department in effect on the date of enactment of this section.

      `(3) ADMINISTRATION-

        `(A) IN GENERAL- The Chief Human Capital Officer shall administer the Rotation Program.

        `(B) RESPONSIBILITIES- The Chief Human Capital Officer shall--

          `(i) provide oversight of the establishment and implementation of the Rotation Program;

          `(ii) establish a framework that supports the goals of the Rotation Program and promotes cross-disciplinary rotational opportunities;

          `(iii) establish eligibility for employees to participate in the Rotation Program and select participants from employees who apply;

          `(iv) establish incentives for employees to participate in the Rotation Program, including promotions and employment preferences;

          `(v) ensure that the Rotation Program provides professional education and training;

          `(vi) ensure that the Rotation Program develops qualified employees and future leaders with broad-based experience throughout the Department;

          `(vii) provide for greater interaction among employees in components of the Department; and

          `(viii) coordinate with rotational programs within the Department in effect on the date of enactment of this section.

      `(4) ALLOWANCES, PRIVILEGES, AND BENEFITS- All allowances, privileges, rights, seniority, and other benefits of employees participating in the Rotation Program shall be preserved.

      `(5) REPORTING- Not later than 180 days after the date of the establishment of the Rotation Program, the Secretary shall submit a report on the status of the Rotation Program, including a description of the Rotation Program, the number of employees participating, and how the Rotation Program is used in succession planning and leadership development to the appropriate committees of Congress.'.

    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendment- Section 1(b) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 101 et seq.) is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 843 the following:

      `Sec. 844. Homeland Security Rotation Program.'.

SEC. 623. HOMELAND SECURITY EDUCATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment- Title VIII of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 361 et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 844 (as added by section 622 of this Act) the following:

`SEC. 845. HOMELAND SECURITY EDUCATION PROGRAM.

    `(a) Establishment- The Secretary, acting through the Administrator, shall establish a graduate-level Homeland Security Education Program in the National Capital Region to provide educational opportunities to senior Federal officials and selected State and local officials with homeland security and emergency management responsibilities. The Administrator shall appoint an individual to administer the activities under this section.

    `(b) Leveraging of Existing Resources- To maximize efficiency and effectiveness in carrying out the Program, the Administrator shall use existing Department-reviewed Master's Degree curricula in homeland security, including curricula pending accreditation, together with associated learning materials, quality assessment tools, digital libraries, exercise systems and other educational facilities, including the National Domestic Preparedness Consortium, the National Fire Academy, and the Emergency Management Institute. The Administrator may develop additional educational programs, as appropriate.

    `(c) Student Enrollment-

      `(1) SOURCES- The student body of the Program shall include officials from Federal, State, local, and tribal governments, and from other sources designated by the Administrator.

      `(2) ENROLLMENT PRIORITIES AND SELECTION CRITERIA- The Administrator shall establish policies governing student enrollment priorities and selection criteria that are consistent with the mission of the Program.

      `(3) DIVERSITY- The Administrator shall take reasonable steps to ensure that the student body represents racial, gender, and ethnic diversity.

    `(d) Service Commitment-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- Before any employee selected for the Program may be assigned to participate in the program, the employee shall agree in writing--

        `(A) to continue in the service of the agency sponsoring the employee during the 2-year period beginning on the date on which the employee completes the program, unless the employee is involuntarily separated from the service of that agency for reasons other than a reduction in force; and

        `(B) to pay to the Government the amount of the additional expenses incurred by the Government in connection with the employee's education if the employee is voluntarily separated from the service to the agency before the end of the period described in subparagraph (A).

      `(2) PAYMENT OF EXPENSES-

        `(A) EXEMPTION- An employee who leaves the service of the sponsoring agency to enter into the service of another agency in any branch of the Government shall not be required to make a payment under paragraph (1)(B), unless the head of the agency that sponsored the education of the employee notifies that employee before the date on which the employee enters the service of the other agency that payment is required under that paragraph.

        `(B) AMOUNT OF PAYMENT- If an employee is required to make a payment under paragraph (1)(B), the agency that sponsored the education of the employee shall determine the amount of the payment, except that such amount may not exceed the pro rata share of the expenses incurred for the time remaining in the 2-year period.

      `(3) RECOVERY OF PAYMENT- If an employee who is required to make a payment under this subsection does not make the payment, a sum equal to the amount of the expenses incurred by the Government for the education of that employee is recoverable by the Government from the employee or his estate by--

        `(A) setoff against accrued pay, compensation, amount of retirement credit, or other amount due the employee from the Government; or

        `(B) such other method as is provided by lay for the recovery of amounts owing to the Government.'.

    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendment- Section 1(b) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. et seq.), as amended by section 622, is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 844 the following:

      `Sec. 845. Homeland Security Education Program.'.

SEC. 624. SURGE CAPACITY FORCE.

    (a) Establishment-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall prepare and submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a plan to establish and implement a Surge Capacity Force for deployment of individuals to respond to natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters, including catastrophic incidents.

      (2) AUTHORITY-

        (A) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the plan shall provide for individuals in the Surge Capacity Force to be trained and deployed under the authorities set forth in the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act.

        (B) EXCEPTION- If the Administrator determines that the existing authorities are inadequate for the training and deployment of individuals in the Surge Capacity Force, the Administrator shall report to Congress as to the additional statutory authorities that the Administrator determines necessary.

    (b) Employees Designated to Serve- The plan shall include procedures under which the Secretary shall designate employees of the Department who are not employees of the Agency and shall, in conjunction with the heads of other Executive agencies, designate employees of those other Executive agencies, as appropriate, to serve on the Surge Capacity Force.

    (c) Capabilities- The plan shall ensure that the Surge Capacity Force--

      (1) includes a sufficient number of individuals credentialed in accordance with section 510 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended by this Act, that are capable of deploying rapidly and efficiently after activation to prepare for, respond to, and recover from natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters, including catastrophic incidents; and

      (2) includes a sufficient number of full-time, highly trained individuals credentialed in accordance with section 510 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended by this Act, to lead and manage the Surge Capacity Force.

    (d) Training- The plan shall ensure that the Administrator provides appropriate and continuous training to members of the Surge Capacity Force to ensure such personnel are adequately trained on the Agency's programs and policies for natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters.

    (e) No Impact on Agency Personnel Ceiling- Surge Capacity Force members shall not be counted against any personnel ceiling applicable to the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

    (f) Expenses- The Administrator may provide members of the Surge Capacity Force with travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, at rates authorized for employees of agencies under subchapter I of chapter 57 of title 5, United States Code, for the purpose of participating in any training that relates to service as a member of the Surge Capacity Force.

    (g) Immediate Implementation of Surge Capacity Force Involving Federal Employees- As soon as practicable after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall develop and implement--

      (1) the procedures under subsection (b); and

      (2) other elements of the plan needed to establish the portion of the Surge Capacity Force consisting of individuals designated under those procedures.

CHAPTER 2--EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT CAPABILITIES

SEC. 631. STATE CATASTROPHIC INCIDENT ANNEX.

    Section 613 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5196b) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (b)(3) by inserting `including a catastrophic incident annex,' after `plans,'; and

      (2) by redesignating subsections (c) through (g) and subsections (d) through (h), respectively; and

      (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:

    `(c) Catastrophic Incident Annex-

      `(1) CONSISTENCY- A catastrophic incident annex submitted under subsection (b)(3) shall be--

        `(A) modeled after the catastrophic incident annex of the National Response Plan; and

        `(B) consistent with the national preparedness goal established under section 643 of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006, the National Incident Management System, the National Response Plan, and other related plans and strategies.

      `(2) CONSULTATION- In developing a catastrophic incident annex submitted under subsection (b)(3), a State shall consult with and seek appropriate comments from local governments, emergency response providers, locally governed multijurisdictional councils of government, and regional planning commissions.'.

SEC. 632. EVACUATION PREPAREDNESS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.

    The Administrator, in coordination with the heads of other appropriate Federal agencies, shall provide evacuation preparedness technical assistance to State, local, and tribal governments, including the preparation of hurricane evacuation studies and technical assistance in developing evacuation plans, assessing storm surge estimates, evacuation zones, evacuation clearance times, transportation capacity, and shelter capacity.

SEC. 633. EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAMS.

    Section 303 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5144) is amended--

      (1) by striking `sec. 303.' and all that follows through `The President shall' and inserting the following:

`SEC. 303. EMERGENCY SUPPORT AND RESPONSE TEAMS.

    `(a) Emergency Support Teams- The President shall'; and

      (2) by adding at the end the following:

    `(b) Emergency Response Teams-

      `(1) ESTABLISHMENT- In carrying out subsection (a), the President, acting through the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, shall establish--

        `(A) at a minimum 3 national response teams; and

        `(B) sufficient regional response teams, including Regional Office strike teams under section 507 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002; and

        `(C) other response teams as may be necessary to meet the incident management responsibilities of the Federal Government.

      `(2) TARGET CAPABILITY LEVEL- The Director shall ensure that specific target capability levels, as defined pursuant to the guidelines established under section 646(a) of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006, are established for Federal emergency response teams.

      `(3) PERSONNEL- The President, acting through the Director, shall ensure that the Federal emergency response teams consist of adequate numbers of properly planned, organized, equipped, trained, and exercised personnel to achieve the established target capability levels. Each emergency response team shall work in coordination with State and local officials and onsite personnel associated with a particular incident.

      `(4) READINESS REPORTING- The Director shall evaluate team readiness on a regular basis and report team readiness levels in the report required under section 652(a) of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006.'.

SEC. 634. URBAN SEARCH AND RESCUE RESPONSE SYSTEM.

    (a) In General- There is in the Agency a system known as the Urban Search and Rescue Response System.

    (b) Authorization of Appropriations- There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out the system for fiscal year 2008, an amount equal to the amount appropriated for the system for fiscal year 2007 and an additional $20,000,000.

SEC. 635. METROPOLITAN MEDICAL RESPONSE GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General- There is a Metropolitan Medical Response Program.

    (b) Purposes- The program shall include each purpose of the program as it existed on June 1, 2006.

    (c) Authorization of Appropriations- There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out the program for fiscal year 2008, an amount equal to the amount appropriated for the program for fiscal year 2007 and an additional $30,000,000.

SEC. 636. LOGISTICS.

    The Administrator shall develop an efficient, transparent, and flexible logistics system for procurement and delivery of goods and services necessary for an effective and timely response to natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters and for real-time visibility of items at each point throughout the logistics system.

SEC. 637. PREPOSITIONED EQUIPMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General- The Administrator shall establish a prepositioned equipment program to preposition standardized emergency equipment in at least 11 locations to sustain and replenish critical assets used by State, local, and tribal governments in response to (or rendered inoperable by the effects of) natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters.

    (b) Notice- The Administrator shall notify State, local, and tribal officials in an area in which a location for the prepositioned equipment program will be closed not later than 60 days before the date of such closure.

SEC. 638. HURRICANE KATRINA AND HURRICANE RITA RECOVERY OFFICES.

    (a) Establishment- In order to provide all eligible Federal assistance to individuals and State, local, and tribal governments affected by Hurricane Katrina or Hurricane Rita in a customer-focused, expeditious, effective, and consistent manner, the Administrator shall establish, in coordination with the appropriate States, a recovery office. The Administrator may establish recovery offices for each of the following States, if necessary:

      (1) Mississippi.

      (2) Louisiana.

      (3) Alabama.

      (4) Texas.

    (b) Structure- Each recovery office shall have an executive director, appointed by the Administrator, and a senior management team.

    (c) Responsibilities- Each executive director, in coordination with State, local, and tribal governments, private sector entities, and nongovernmental organizations, including faith-based and other community humanitarian relief entities, shall provide assistance in a timely and effective manner to residents of the Gulf Coast region for recovering from Hurricane Katrina or Hurricane Rita.

    (d) Staffing-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Each recovery office shall be staffed by multi-year term, temporary employees and permanent employees.

      (2) STAFFING LEVELS- Staffing levels of a recovery office shall be commensurate with current and projected workload and shall be evaluated on a regular basis.

    (e) Performance Measures- To ensure that each recovery office is meeting its objectives, the Administrator shall identify performance measures that are specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and timed, including--

      (1) public assistance program project worksheet completion rates; and

      (2) public assistance reimbursement times.

    (f) Closeout Incentives- The Administrator shall provide incentives for the timely closeout of public assistance projects under sections 406 and 407 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5172 and 5173).

    (g) Termination- Each recovery office shall terminate at the discretion of the Administrator.

SEC. 639. BASIC LIFE SUPPORTING FIRST AID AND EDUCATION.

    The Administrator shall enter into agreements with organizations to provide funds to emergency response providers to provide education and training in life supporting first aid to children.

SEC. 640. IMPROVEMENTS TO INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS.

    (a) Measures to Improve Information Technology Systems- The Administrator, in coordination with the Chief Information Officer of the Department, shall take appropriate measures to update and improve the information technology systems of the Agency, including measures to--

      (1) ensure that the multiple information technology systems of the Agency (including the National Emergency Management Information System, the Logistics Information Management System III, and the Automated Deployment Database) are, to the extent practicable, fully compatible and can share and access information, as appropriate, from each other;

      (2) ensure technology enhancements reach the headquarters and regional offices of the Agency in a timely fashion, to allow seamless integration;

      (3) develop and maintain a testing environment that ensures that all system components are properly and thoroughly tested before their release;

      (4) ensure that the information technology systems of the Agency have the capacity to track disaster response personnel, mission assignments task orders, commodities, and supplies used in response to a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster;

      (5) make appropriate improvements to the National Emergency Management Information System to address shortcomings in such system on the date of enactment of this Act; and

      (6) provide training, manuals, and guidance on information technology systems to personnel, including disaster response personnel, to help ensure employees can properly use information technology systems.

    (b) Report- Not later than 270 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report describing the implementation of this section, including a description of any actions taken, improvements made, and remaining problems and a description of any additional funding needed to make necessary and appropriate improvements to the information technology systems of the Agency.

SEC. 640a. DISCLOSURE OF CERTAIN INFORMATION TO LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES.

    In the event of circumstances requiring an evacuation, sheltering, or mass relocation, the Administrator may disclose information in any individual assistance database of the Agency in accordance with section 552a(b) of title 5, United States Code (commonly referred to as the `Privacy Act'), to any law enforcement agency of the Federal Government or a State, local, or tribal government in order to identify illegal conduct or address public safety or security issues, including compliance with sex offender notification laws.

Subtitle C--Comprehensive Preparedness System

CHAPTER 1--NATIONAL PREPAREDNESS SYSTEM

SEC. 641. DEFINITIONS.

    In this chapter:

      (1) CAPABILITY- The term `capability' means the ability to provide the means to accomplish one or more tasks under specific conditions and to specific performance standards. A capability may be achieved with any combination of properly planned, organized, equipped, trained, and exercised personnel that achieves the intended outcome.

      (2) HAZARD- The term `hazard' has the meaning given that term under section 602(a)(1) of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5195a).

      (3) MISSION ASSIGNMENT- The term `mission assignment' means a work order issued to a Federal agency by the Agency, directing completion by that agency of a specified task and setting forth funding, other managerial controls, and guidance.

      (4) NATIONAL PREPAREDNESS GOAL- The term `national preparedness goal' means the national preparedness goal established under section 643.

      (5) NATIONAL PREPAREDNESS SYSTEM- The term `national preparedness system' means the national preparedness system established under section 644.

      (6) NATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM- The term `national training program' means the national training program established under section 648(a).

      (7) OPERATIONAL READINESS- The term `operational readiness' means the capability of an organization, an asset, a system, or equipment to perform the missions or functions for which it is organized or designed.

      (8) PERFORMANCE MEASURE- The term `performance measure' means a quantitative or qualitative characteristic used to gauge the results of an outcome compared to its intended purpose.

      (9) PERFORMANCE METRIC- The term `performance metric' means a particular value or characteristic used to measure the outcome that is generally expressed in terms of a baseline and a target.

      (10) PREVENTION- The term `prevention' means any activity undertaken to avoid, prevent, or stop a threatened or actual act of terrorism.

SEC. 642. NATIONAL PREPAREDNESS.

    In order to prepare the Nation for all hazards, including natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters, the President, consistent with the declaration of policy under section 601 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5195) and title V of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 311 et seq.), as amended by this Act, shall develop a national preparedness goal and a national preparedness system.

SEC. 643. NATIONAL PREPAREDNESS GOAL.

    (a) Establishment- The President, acting through the Administrator, shall complete, revise, and update, as necessary, a national preparedness goal that defines the target level of preparedness to ensure the Nation's ability to prevent, respond to, recover from, and mitigate against natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters.

    (b) National Incident Management System and National Response Plan- The national preparedness goal, to the greatest extent practicable, shall be consistent with the National Incident Management System and the National Response Plan.

SEC. 644. ESTABLISHMENT OF NATIONAL PREPAREDNESS SYSTEM.

    (a) Establishment- The President, acting through the Administrator, shall develop a national preparedness system to enable the Nation to meet the national preparedness goal.

    (b) Components- The national preparedness system shall include the following components:

      (1) Target capabilities and preparedness priorities.

      (2) Equipment and training standards.

      (3) Training and exercises.

      (4) Comprehensive assessment system.

      (5) Remedial action management program.

      (6) Federal response capability inventory.

      (7) Reporting requirements.

      (8) Federal preparedness.

    (c) National Planning Scenarios- The national preparedness system may include national planning scenarios.

SEC. 645. NATIONAL PLANNING SCENARIOS.

    (a) In General- The Administrator, in coordination with the heads of appropriate Federal agencies and the National Advisory Council, may develop planning scenarios to reflect the relative risk requirements presented by all hazards, including natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters, in order to provide the foundation for the flexible and adaptive development of target capabilities and the identification of target capability levels to meet the national preparedness goal.

    (b) Development- In developing, revising, and replacing national planning scenarios, the Administrator shall ensure that the scenarios--

      (1) reflect the relative risk of all hazards and illustrate the potential scope, magnitude, and complexity of a broad range of representative hazards; and

      (2) provide the minimum number of representative scenarios necessary to identify and define the tasks and target capabilities required to respond to all hazards.

SEC. 646. TARGET CAPABILITIES AND PREPAREDNESS PRIORITIES.

    (a) Establishment of Guidelines on Target Capabilities- Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator, in coordination with the heads of appropriate Federal agencies, the National Council on Disability, and the National Advisory Council, shall complete, revise, and update, as necessary, guidelines to define risk-based target capabilities for Federal, State, local, and tribal government preparedness that will enable the Nation to prevent, respond to, recover from, and mitigate against all hazards, including natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters.

    (b) Distribution of Guidelines- The Administrator shall ensure that the guidelines are provided promptly to the appropriate committees of Congress and the States.

    (c) Objectives- The Administrator shall ensure that the guidelines are specific, flexible, and measurable.

    (d) Terrorism Risk Assessment- With respect to analyzing and assessing the risk of acts of terrorism, the Administrator shall consider--

      (1) the variables of threat, vulnerability, and consequences related to population (including transient commuting and tourist populations), areas of high population density, critical infrastructure, coastline, and international borders; and

      (2) the most current risk assessment available from the Chief Intelligence Officer of the Department of the threats of terrorism against the United States.

    (e) Preparedness Priorities- In establishing the guidelines under subsection (a), the Administrator shall establish preparedness priorities that appropriately balance the risk of all hazards, including natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters, with the resources required to prevent, respond to, recover from, and mitigate against the hazards.

    (f) Mutual Aid Agreements- The Administrator may provide support for the development of mutual aid agreements within States.

SEC. 647. EQUIPMENT AND TRAINING STANDARDS.

    (a) Equipment Standards-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Administrator, in coordination with the heads of appropriate Federal agencies and the National Advisory Council, shall support the development, promulgation, and updating, as necessary, of national voluntary consensus standards for the performance, use, and validation of equipment used by Federal, State, local, and tribal governments and nongovernmental emergency response providers.

      (2) REQUIREMENTS- The national voluntary consensus standards shall--

        (A) be designed to achieve equipment and other capabilities consistent with the national preparedness goal, including the safety and health of emergency response providers;

        (B) to the maximum extent practicable, be consistent with existing national voluntary consensus standards;

        (C) take into account, as appropriate, threats that may not have been contemplated when the existing standards were developed; and

        (D) focus on maximizing operability, interoperability, interchangeability, durability, flexibility, efficiency, efficacy, portability, sustainability, and safety.

    (b) Training Standards- The Administrator shall--

      (1) support the development, promulgation, and regular updating, as necessary, of national voluntary consensus standards for training; and

      (2) ensure that the training provided under the national training program is consistent with the standards.

    (c) Consultation With Standards Organizations- In carrying out this section, the Administrator shall consult with representatives of relevant public and private sector national voluntary consensus standards development organizations.

SEC. 648. TRAINING AND EXERCISES.

    (a) National Training Program-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Beginning not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator, in coordination with the heads of appropriate Federal agencies, the National Council on Disability, and the National Advisory Council, shall carry out a national training program to implement the national preparedness goal, National Incident Management System, National Response Plan, and other related plans and strategies.

      (2) TRAINING PARTNERS- In developing and implementing the national training program, the Administrator shall--

        (A) work with government training facilities, academic institutions, private organizations, and other entities that provide specialized, state-of-the-art training for emergency managers or emergency response providers; and

        (B) utilize, as appropriate, training courses provided by community colleges, State and local public safety academies, State and private universities, and other facilities.

    (b) National Exercise Program-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Beginning not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator, in coordination with the heads of appropriate Federal agencies, the National Council on Disability, and the National Advisory Council, shall carry out a national exercise program to test and evaluate the national preparedness goal, National Incident Management System, National Response Plan, and other related plans and strategies.

      (2) REQUIREMENTS- The national exercise program--

        (A) shall be--

          (i) as realistic as practicable, based on current risk assessments, including credible threats, vulnerabilities, and consequences, and designed to stress the national preparedness system;

          (ii) designed, as practicable, to simulate the partial or complete incapacitation of a State, local, or tribal government;

          (iii) carried out, as appropriate, with a minimum degree of notice to involved parties regarding the timing and details of such exercises, consistent with safety considerations;

          (iv) designed to provide for systematic evaluation of readiness; and

          (v) designed to address the unique requirements of populations with special needs; and

        (B) shall provide assistance to State, local, and tribal governments with the design, implementation, and evaluation of exercises that--

          (i) conform to the requirements under subparagraph (A);

          (ii) are consistent with any applicable State, local, or tribal strategy or plan; and

          (iii) provide for systematic evaluation of readiness.

      (3) NATIONAL LEVEL EXERCISES- The Administrator shall periodically, but not less than biennially, perform national exercises for the following purposes:

        (A) To test and evaluate the capability of Federal, State, local, and tribal governments to detect, disrupt, and prevent threatened or actual catastrophic acts of terrorism, especially those involving weapons of mass destruction.

        (B) To test and evaluate the readiness of Federal, State, local, and tribal governments to respond and recover in a coordinated and unified manner to catastrophic incidents.

SEC. 649. COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT SYSTEM.

    (a) Establishment- The Administrator, in coordination with the National Council on Disability and the National Advisory Council, shall establish a comprehensive system to assess, on an ongoing basis, the Nation's prevention capabilities and overall preparedness, including operational readiness.

    (b) Performance Metrics and Measures- The Administrator shall ensure that each component of the national preparedness system, National Incident Management System, National Response Plan, and other related plans and strategies, and the reports required under section 652 is developed, revised, and updated with clear and quantifiable performance metrics, measures, and outcomes.

    (c) Contents- The assessment system established under subsection (a) shall assess--

      (1) compliance with the national preparedness system, National Incident Management System, National Response Plan, and other related plans and strategies;

      (2) capability levels at the time of assessment against target capability levels defined pursuant to the guidelines established under section 646(a);

      (3) resource needs to meet the desired target capability levels defined pursuant to the guidelines established under section 646(a); and

      (4) performance of training, exercises, and operations.

SEC. 650. REMEDIAL ACTION MANAGEMENT PROGRAM.

    The Administrator, in coordination with the National Council on Disability and the National Advisory Council, shall establish a remedial action management program to--

      (1) analyze training, exercises, and real-world events to identify and disseminate lessons learned and best practices;

      (2) generate and disseminate, as appropriate, after action reports to participants in exercises and real-world events; and

      (3) conduct remedial action tracking and long-term trend analysis.

SEC. 651. FEDERAL RESPONSE CAPABILITY INVENTORY.

    (a) In General- In accordance with section 611(h)(1)(C) of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5196(h)(1)(C), the Administrator shall accelerate the completion of the inventory of Federal response capabilities.

    (b) Contents- The inventory shall include--

      (1) for each capability--

        (A) the performance parameters of the capability;

        (B) the timeframe within which the capability can be brought to bear on an incident; and

        (C) the readiness of the capability to respond to all hazards, including natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters; and

      (2) emergency communications assets maintained by the Federal Government and, if appropriate, State, local, and tribal governments and the private sector.

    (c) Department of Defense- The Administrator, in coordination with the Secretary of Defense, shall develop a list of organizations and functions within the Department of Defense that may be used, pursuant to the authority provided under the National Response Plan and sections 402, 403, and 502 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170a, 5170b, 5192), to provide support to civil authorities during natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters.

    (d) Database- The Administrator shall establish an inventory database to allow--

      (1) real-time exchange of information regarding capabilities, readiness, or the compatibility of equipment;

      (2) easy identification and rapid deployment during an incident; and

      (3) the sharing of inventories with other Federal agencies, as appropriate.

SEC. 652. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Federal Preparedness Report-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 12 months after the date of enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Administrator, in coordination with the heads of appropriate Federal agencies, shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the Nation's level of preparedness for all hazards, including natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters.

      (2) CONTENTS- Each report shall include--

        (A) an assessment of how Federal assistance supports the national preparedness system;

        (B) the results of the comprehensive assessment carried out under section 649;

        (C) a review of the inventory described in section 651(a); and

        (D) an assessment of resource needs to meet preparedness priorities established under section 646(e), including--

          (i) an estimate of the amount of Federal, State, local, and tribal expenditures required to attain the preparedness priorities; and

          (ii) the extent to which the use of Federal assistance during the preceding fiscal year achieved the preparedness priorities.

    (b) Catastrophic Resource Report-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Administrator shall develop and submit to the appropriate committees of Congress annually an estimate of the resources of the Agency and other Federal agencies needed for and devoted specifically to developing the capabilities of Federal, State, local, and tribal governments necessary to respond to a catastrophic incident.

      (2) CONTENTS- Each estimate under paragraph (1) shall include the resources both necessary for and devoted to--

        (A) planning;

        (B) training and exercises;

        (C) Regional Office enhancements;

        (D) staffing, including for surge capacity during a catastrophic incident;

        (E) additional logistics capabilities;

        (F) other responsibilities under the catastrophic incident annex and the catastrophic incident supplement of the National Response Plan;

        (G) State, local, and tribal government catastrophic incident preparedness; and

        (H) covering increases in the fixed costs or expenses of the Agency, including rent or property acquisition costs or expenses, taxes, contributions to the working capital fund of the Department, and security costs for the year after the year in which such estimate is submitted.

    (c) State Preparedness Report-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 15 months after the date of enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, a State receiving Federal preparedness assistance administered by the Department shall submit a report to the Administrator on the State's level of preparedness.

      (2) CONTENTS- Each report shall include--

        (A) an assessment of State compliance with the national preparedness system, National Incident Management System, National Response Plan, and other related plans and strategies;

        (B) an assessment of current capability levels and a description of target capability levels; and

        (C) an assessment of resource needs to meet the preparedness priorities established under section 646(e), including--

          (i) an estimate of the amount of expenditures required to attain the preparedness priorities; and

          (ii) the extent to which the use of Federal assistance during the preceding fiscal year achieved the preparedness priorities.

SEC. 653. FEDERAL PREPAREDNESS.

    (a) Agency Responsibility- In support of the national preparedness system, the President shall ensure that each Federal agency with coordinating, primary, or supporting responsibilities under the National Response Plan--

      (1) has the operational capability to meet the national preparedness goal, including--

        (A) the personnel to make and communicate decisions;

        (B) organizational structures that are assigned, trained, and exercised for the missions of the agency;

        (C) sufficient physical resources; and

        (D) the command, control, and communication channels to make, monitor, and communicate decisions;

      (2) complies with the National Incident Management System;

      (3) develops, trains, and exercises rosters of response personnel to be deployed when the agency is called upon to support a Federal response; and

      (4) develops deliberate operational plans and the corresponding capabilities, including crisis planning, to respond effectively to natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters in support of the National Response Plan to ensure a coordinated Federal response.

    (b) Operational Plans- An operations plan developed under subsection (a)(4) shall meet the following requirements:

      (1) The operations plan shall be coordinated under a unified system with a common terminology, approach, and framework.

      (2) The operations plan shall be developed, in coordination with State, local, and tribal government officials, to address both regional and national risks.

      (3) The operations plan shall contain, as appropriate, the following elements:

        (A) Concepts of operations.

        (B) Critical tasks and responsibilities.

        (C) Detailed resource and personnel requirements, together with sourcing requirements.

        (D) Specific provisions for the rapid integration of the resources and personnel of the agency into the overall response.

      (4) The operations plan shall address, as appropriate, the following matters:

        (A) Support of State, local, and tribal governments in conducting mass evacuations, including--

          (i) transportation and relocation;

          (ii) short- and long-term sheltering and accommodation;

          (iii) provisions for populations with special needs, keeping families together, and expeditious location of missing children; and

          (iv) policies and provisions for pets.

        (B) The preparedness and deployment of public health and medical resources, including resources to address the needs of evacuees and populations with special needs.

        (C) The coordination of interagency search and rescue operations, including land, water, and airborne search and rescue operations.

        (D) The roles and responsibilities of the Senior Federal Law Enforcement Official with respect to other law enforcement entities.

        (E) The protection of critical infrastructure.

        (F) The coordination of maritime salvage efforts among relevant agencies.

        (G) The coordination of Department of Defense and National Guard support of civilian authorities.

        (H) To the extent practicable, the utilization of Department of Defense, National Air and Space Administration, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and commercial aircraft and satellite remotely sensed imagery.

        (I) The coordination and integration of support from the private sector and nongovernmental organizations.

        (J) The safe disposal of debris, including hazardous materials, and, when practicable, the recycling of debris.

        (K) The identification of the required surge capacity.

        (L) Specific provisions for the recovery of affected geographic areas.

    (c) Mission Assignments- To expedite the provision of assistance under the National Response Plan, the President shall ensure that the Administrator, in coordination with Federal agencies with responsibilities under the National Response Plan, develops prescripted mission assignments, including logistics, communications, mass care, health services, and public safety.

    (d) Certification- The President shall certify on an annual basis that each Federal agency with coordinating, primary, or supporting responsibilities under the National Response Plan complies with subsections (a) and (b).

    (e) Construction- Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the authority of the Secretary of Defense with regard to--

      (1) the command, control, training, planning, equipment, exercises, or employment of Department of Defense forces; or

      (2) the allocation of Department of Defense resources.

SEC. 654. USE OF EXISTING RESOURCES.

    In establishing the national preparedness goal and national preparedness system, the Administrator shall use existing preparedness documents, planning tools, and guidelines to the extent practicable and consistent with this Act.

CHAPTER 2--ADDITIONAL PREPAREDNESS

SEC. 661. EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT ASSISTANCE COMPACT GRANTS.

    (a) In General- The Administrator may make grants to administer the Emergency Management Assistance Compact consented to by the Joint Resolution entitled `Joint Resolution granting the consent of Congress to the Emergency Management Assistance Compact' (Public Law 104-321; 110 Stat. 3877).

    (b) Uses- A grant under this section shall be used--

      (1) to carry out recommendations identified in the Emergency Management Assistance Compact after-action reports for the 2004 and 2005 hurricane season;

      (2) to administer compact operations on behalf of all member States and territories;

      (3) to continue coordination with the Agency and appropriate Federal agencies;

      (4) to continue coordination with State, local, and tribal government entities and their respective national organizations; and

      (5) to assist State and local governments, emergency response providers, and organizations representing such providers with credentialing emergency response providers and the typing of emergency response resources.

    (c) Coordination- The Administrator shall consult with the Administrator of the Emergency Management Assistance Compact to ensure effective coordination of efforts in responding to requests for assistance.

    (d) Authorization- There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $4,000,000 for fiscal year 2008. Such sums shall remain available until expended.

SEC. 662. EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PERFORMANCE GRANTS.

    There is authorized to be appropriated for the Emergency Management Performance Grants Program for fiscal year 2008, an amount equal to the amount appropriated for the program for fiscal year 2007 and an additional $175,000,000.

SEC. 663. TRANSFER OF NOBLE TRAINING CENTER.

    The Noble Training Center is transferred to the Center for Domestic Preparedness. The Center for Domestic Preparedness shall integrate the Noble Training Center into the program structure of the Center for Domestic Preparedness.

SEC. 664. NATIONAL EXERCISE SIMULATION CENTER.

    The President shall establish a national exercise simulation center that--

      (1) uses a mix of live, virtual, and constructive simulations to--

        (A) prepare elected officials, emergency managers, emergency response providers, and emergency support providers at all levels of government to operate cohesively;

        (B) provide a learning environment for the homeland security personnel of all Federal agencies;

        (C) assist in the development of operational procedures and exercises, particularly those based on catastrophic incidents; and

        (D) allow incident commanders to exercise decisionmaking in a simulated environment; and

      (2) uses modeling and simulation for training, exercises, and command and control functions at the operational level.

Subtitle D--Emergency Communications

SEC. 671. EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS.

    (a) Short Title- This section may be cited as the `21st Century Emergency Communications Act of 2006'.

    (b) In General- The Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 101 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following new title:

`TITLE XVIII--EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS

`SEC. 1801. OFFICE OF EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS.

    `(a) In General- There is established in the Department an Office of Emergency Communications.

    `(b) Director- The head of the office shall be the Director for Emergency Communications. The Director shall report to the Assistant Secretary for Cybersecurity and Communications.

    `(c) Responsibilities- The Director for Emergency Communications shall--

      `(1) assist the Secretary in developing and implementing the program described in section 7303(a)(1) of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 194(a)(1)), except as provided in section 314;

      `(2) administer the Department's responsibilities and authorities relating to the SAFECOM Program, excluding elements related to research, development, testing, and evaluation and standards;

      `(3) administer the Department's responsibilities and authorities relating to the Integrated Wireless Network program;

      `(4) conduct extensive, nationwide outreach to support and promote the ability of emergency response providers and relevant government officials to continue to communicate in the event of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters;

      `(5) conduct extensive, nationwide outreach and foster the development of interoperable emergency communications capabilities by State, regional, local, and tribal governments and public safety agencies, and by regional consortia thereof;

      `(6) provide technical assistance to State, regional, local, and tribal government officials with respect to use of interoperable emergency communications capabilities;

      `(7) coordinate with the Regional Administrators regarding the activities of Regional Emergency Communications Coordination Working Groups under section 1805;

      `(8) promote the development of standard operating procedures and best practices with respect to use of interoperable emergency communications capabilities for incident response, and facilitate the sharing of information on such best practices for achieving, maintaining, and enhancing interoperable emergency communications capabilities for such response;

      `(9) coordinate, in cooperation with the National Communications System, the establishment of a national response capability with initial and ongoing planning, implementation, and training for the deployment of communications equipment for relevant State, local, and tribal governments and emergency response providers in the event of a catastrophic loss of local and regional emergency communications services;

      `(10) assist the President, the National Security Council, the Homeland Security Council, and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget in ensuring the continued operation of the telecommunications functions and responsibilities of the Federal Government, excluding spectrum management;

      `(11) establish, in coordination with the Director of the Office for Interoperability and Compatibility, requirements for interoperable emergency communications capabilities, which shall be nonproprietary where standards for such capabilities exist, for all public safety radio and data communications systems and equipment purchased using homeland security assistance administered by the Department, excluding any alert and warning device, technology, or system;

      `(12) review, in consultation with the Assistant Secretary for Grants and Training, all interoperable emergency communications plans of Federal, State, local, and tribal governments, including Statewide and tactical interoperability plans, developed pursuant to homeland security assistance administered by the Department, but excluding spectrum allocation and management related to such plans;

      `(13) develop and update periodically, as appropriate, a National Emergency Communications Plan under section 1802;

      `(14) perform such other duties of the Department necessary to support and promote the ability of emergency response providers and relevant government officials to continue to communicate in the event of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters; and

      `(15) perform other duties of the Department necessary to achieve the goal of and maintain and enhance interoperable emergency communications capabilities.

    `(d) Performance of Previously Transferred Functions- The Secretary shall transfer to, and administer through, the Director for Emergency Communications the following programs and responsibilities:

      `(1) The SAFECOM Program, excluding elements related to research, development, testing, and evaluation and standards.

      `(2) The responsibilities of the Chief Information Officer related to the implementation of the Integrated Wireless Network.

      `(3) The Interoperable Communications Technical Assistance Program.

    `(e) Coordination- The Director for Emergency Communications shall coordinate--

      `(1) as appropriate, with the Director of the Office for Interoperability and Compatibility with respect to the responsibilities described in section 314; and

      `(2) with the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency with respect to the responsibilities described in this title.

    `(f) Sufficiency of Resources Plan-

      `(1) REPORT- Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the resources and staff necessary to carry out fully the responsibilities under this title.

      `(2) COMPTROLLER GENERAL REVIEW- The Comptroller General shall review the validity of the report submitted by the Secretary under paragraph (1). Not later than 60 days after the date on which such report is submitted, the Comptroller General shall submit to Congress a report containing the findings of such review.

`SEC. 1802. NATIONAL EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS PLAN.

    `(a) In General- The Secretary, acting through the Director for Emergency Communications, and in cooperation with the Department of National Communications System (as appropriate), shall, in cooperation with State, local, and tribal governments, Federal departments and agencies, emergency response providers, and the private sector, develop not later than 180 days after the completion of the baseline assessment under section 1803, and periodically update, a National Emergency Communications Plan to provide recommendations regarding how the United States should--

      `(1) support and promote the ability of emergency response providers and relevant government officials to continue to communicate in the event of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters; and

      `(2) ensure, accelerate, and attain interoperable emergency communications nationwide.

    `(b) Coordination- The Emergency Communications Preparedness Center under section 1806 shall coordinate the development of the Federal aspects of the National Emergency Communications Plan.

    `(c) Contents- The National Emergency Communications Plan shall--

      `(1) include recommendations developed in consultation with the Federal Communications Commission and the National Institute of Standards and Technology for a process for expediting national voluntary consensus standards for emergency communications equipment for the purchase and use by public safety agencies of interoperable emergency communications equipment and technologies;

      `(2) identify the appropriate capabilities necessary for emergency response providers and relevant government officials to continue to communicate in the event of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters;

      `(3) identify the appropriate interoperable emergency communications capabilities necessary for Federal, State, local, and tribal governments in the event of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters;

      `(4) recommend both short-term and long-term solutions for ensuring that emergency response providers and relevant government officials can continue to communicate in the event of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters;

      `(5) recommend both short-term and long-term solutions for deploying interoperable emergency communications systems for Federal, State, local, and tribal governments throughout the Nation, including through the provision of existing and emerging technologies;

      `(6) identify how Federal departments and agencies that respond to natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters can work effectively with State, local, and tribal governments, in all States, and with other entities;

      `(7) identify obstacles to deploying interoperable emergency communications capabilities nationwide and recommend short-term and long-term measures to overcome those obstacles, including recommendations for multijurisdictional coordination among Federal, State, local, and tribal governments;

      `(8) recommend goals and timeframes for the deployment of emergency, command-level communications systems based on new and existing equipment across the United States and develop a timetable for the deployment of interoperable emergency communications systems nationwide; and

      `(9) recommend appropriate measures that emergency response providers should employ to ensure the continued operation of relevant governmental communications infrastructure in the event of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, or other man-made disasters.

`SEC. 1803. ASSESSMENTS AND REPORTS.

    `(a) Baseline Assessment- Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this section and not less than every 5 years thereafter, the Secretary, acting through the Director for Emergency Communications, shall conduct an assessment of Federal, State, local, and tribal governments that--

      `(1) defines the range of capabilities needed by emergency response providers and relevant government officials to continue to communicate in the event of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters;

      `(2) defines the range of interoperable emergency communications capabilities needed for specific events;

      `(3) assesses the current available capabilities to meet such communications needs;

      `(4) identifies the gap between such current capabilities and defined requirements; and

      `(5) includes a national interoperable emergency communications inventory to be completed by the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of Commerce, and the Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission that--

        `(A) identifies for each Federal department and agency--

          `(i) the channels and frequencies used;

          `(ii) the nomenclature used to refer to each channel or frequency used; and

          `(iii) the types of communications systems and equipment used; and

        `(B) identifies the interoperable emergency communications systems in use by public safety agencies in the United States.

    `(b) Classified Annex- The baseline assessment under this section may include a classified annex including information provided under subsection (a)(5)(A).

    `(c) Savings Clause- In conducting the baseline assessment under this section, the Secretary may incorporate findings from assessments conducted before, or ongoing on, the date of enactment of this title.

    `(d) Progress Reports- Not later than one year after the date of enactment of this section and biennially thereafter, the Secretary, acting through the Director for Emergency Communications, shall submit to Congress a report on the progress of the Department in achieving the goals of, and carrying out its responsibilities under, this title, including--

      `(1) a description of the findings of the most recent baseline assessment conducted under subsection (a);

      `(2) a determination of the degree to which interoperable emergency communications capabilities have been attained to date and the gaps that remain for interoperability to be achieved;

      `(3) an evaluation of the ability to continue to communicate and to provide and maintain interoperable emergency communications by emergency managers, emergency response providers, and relevant government officials in the event of--

        `(A) natural disasters, acts of terrorism, or other man-made disasters, including Incidents of National Significance declared by the Secretary under the National Response Plan; and

        `(B) a catastrophic loss of local and regional communications services;

      `(4) a list of best practices relating to the ability to continue to communicate and to provide and maintain interoperable emergency communications in the event of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, or other man-made disasters; and

        `(A) an evaluation of the feasibility and desirability of the Department developing, on its own or in conjunction with the Department of Defense, a mobile communications capability, modeled on the Army Signal Corps, that could be deployed to support emergency communications at the site of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, or other man-made disasters.

`SEC. 1804. COORDINATION OF DEPARTMENT EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS GRANT PROGRAMS.

    `(a) Coordination of Grants and Standards Programs- The Secretary, acting through the Director for Emergency Communications, shall ensure that grant guidelines for the use of homeland security assistance administered by the Department relating to interoperable emergency communications are coordinated and consistent with the goals and recommendations in the National Emergency Communications Plan under section 1802.

    `(b) Denial of Eligibility for Grants-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary, acting through the Assistant Secretary for Grants and Planning, and in consultation with the Director for Emergency Communications, may prohibit any State, local, or tribal government from using homeland security assistance administered by the Department to achieve, maintain, or enhance emergency communications capabilities, if--

        `(A) such government has not complied with the requirement to submit a Statewide Interoperable Communications Plan as required by section 7303(f) of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 194(f));

        `(B) such government has proposed to upgrade or purchase new equipment or systems that do not meet or exceed any applicable national voluntary consensus standards and has not provided a reasonable explanation of why such equipment or systems will serve the needs of the applicant better than equipment or systems that meet or exceed such standards; and

        `(C) as of the date that is 3 years after the date of the completion of the initial National Emergency Communications Plan under section 1802, national voluntary consensus standards for interoperable emergency communications capabilities have not been developed and promulgated.

      `(2) STANDARDS- The Secretary, in coordination with the Federal Communications Commission, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, and other Federal departments and agencies with responsibility for standards, shall support the development, promulgation, and updating as necessary of national voluntary consensus standards for interoperable emergency communications.

`SEC. 1805. REGIONAL EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS COORDINATION.

    `(a) In General- There is established in each Regional Office a Regional Emergency Communications Coordination Working Group (in this section referred to as an `RECC Working Group'). Each RECC Working Group shall report to the relevant Regional Administrator and coordinate its activities with the relevant Regional Advisory Council.

    `(b) Membership- Each RECC Working Group shall consist of the following:

      `(1) NON-FEDERAL- Organizations representing the interests of the following:

        `(A) State officials.

        `(B) Local government officials, including sheriffs.

        `(C) State police departments.

        `(D) Local police departments.

        `(E) Local fire departments.

        `(F) Public safety answering points (9-1-1 services).

        `(G) State emergency managers, homeland security directors, or representatives of State Administrative Agencies.

        `(H) Local emergency managers or homeland security directors.

        `(I) Other emergency response providers as appropriate.

      `(2) FEDERAL- Representatives from the Department, the Federal Communications Commission, and other Federal departments and agencies with responsibility for coordinating interoperable emergency communications with or providing emergency support services to State, local, and tribal governments.

    `(c) Coordination- Each RECC Working Group shall coordinate its activities with the following:

      `(1) Communications equipment manufacturers and vendors (including broadband data service providers).

      `(2) Local exchange carriers.

      `(3) Local broadcast media.

      `(4) Wireless carriers.

      `(5) Satellite communications services.

      `(6) Cable operators.

      `(7) Hospitals.

      `(8) Public utility services.

      `(9) Emergency evacuation transit services.

      `(10) Ambulance services.

      `(11) HAM and amateur radio operators.

      `(12) Representatives from other private sector entities and nongovernmental organizations as the Regional Administrator determines appropriate.

    `(d) Duties- The duties of each RECC Working Group shall include--

      `(1) assessing the survivability, sustainability, and interoperability of local emergency communications systems to meet the goals of the National Emergency Communications Plan;

      `(2) reporting annually to the relevant Regional Administrator, the Director for Emergency Communications, the Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission, and the Assistant Secretary for Communications and Information of the Department of Commerce on the status of its region in building robust and sustainable interoperable voice and data emergency communications networks and, not later than 60 days after the completion of the initial National Emergency Communications Plan under section 1802, on the progress of the region in meeting the goals of such plan;

      `(3) ensuring a process for the coordination of effective multijurisdictional, multi-agency emergency communications networks for use during natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters through the expanded use of emergency management and public safety communications mutual aid agreements; and

      `(4) coordinating the establishment of Federal, State, local, and tribal support services and networks designed to address the immediate and critical human needs in responding to natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters.

`SEC. 1806. EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS PREPAREDNESS CENTER.

    `(a) Establishment- There is established the Emergency Communications Preparedness Center (in this section referred to as the `Center').

    `(b) Operation- The Secretary, the Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Commerce, the Attorney General of the United States, and the heads of other Federal departments and agencies or their designees shall jointly operate the Center in accordance with the Memorandum of Understanding entitled, `Emergency Communications Preparedness Center (ECPC) Charter'.

    `(c) Functions- The Center shall--

      `(1) serve as the focal point for interagency efforts and as a clearinghouse with respect to all relevant intergovernmental information to support and promote (including specifically by working to avoid duplication, hindrances, and counteractive efforts among the participating Federal departments and agencies)--

        `(A) the ability of emergency response providers and relevant government officials to continue to communicate in the event of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters; and

        `(B) interoperable emergency communications;

      `(2) prepare and submit to Congress, on an annual basis, a strategic assessment regarding the coordination efforts of Federal departments and agencies to advance--

        `(A) the ability of emergency response providers and relevant government officials to continue to communicate in the event of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters; and

        `(B) interoperable emergency communications;

      `(3) consider, in preparing the strategic assessment under paragraph (2), the goals stated in the National Emergency Communications Plan under section 1802; and

      `(4) perform such other functions as are provided in the Emergency Communications Preparedness Center (ECPC) Charter described in subsection (b)(1).

`SEC. 1807. URBAN AND OTHER HIGH RISK AREA COMMUNICATIONS CAPABILITIES.

    `(a) In General- The Secretary, in consultation with the Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission and the Secretary of Defense, and with appropriate State, local, and tribal government officials, shall provide technical guidance, training, and other assistance, as appropriate, to support the rapid establishment of consistent, secure, and effective interoperable emergency communications capabilities in the event of an emergency in urban and other areas determined by the Secretary to be at consistently high levels of risk from natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters.

    `(b) Minimum Capabilities- The interoperable emergency communications capabilities established under subsection (a) shall ensure the ability of all levels of government, emergency response providers, the private sector, and other organizations with emergency response capabilities--

      `(1) to communicate with each other in the event of an emergency;

      `(2) to have appropriate and timely access to the Information Sharing Environment described in section 1016 of the National Security Intelligence Reform Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 321); and

      `(3) to be consistent with any applicable State or Urban Area homeland strategy or plan.

`SEC. 1808. DEFINITION.

    `In this title, the term `interoperable' has the meaning given the term `interoperable communications' under section 7303(g)(1) of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 194(g)(1)).'.

    (c) Clerical Amendment- The table of contents in section 1(b) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 101 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`TITLE XVIII--EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS

      `Sec. 1801. Office for Emergency Communications.

      `Sec. 1802. National Emergency Communications Plan.

      `Sec. 1803. Assessments and reports.

      `Sec. 1804. Coordination of Federal emergency communications grant programs.

      `Sec. 1805. Regional emergency communications coordination.

      `Sec. 1806. Emergency Communications Preparedness Center.

      `Sec. 1807. Urban and other high risk area communications capabilities.

      `Sec. 1808. Definition.'.

SEC. 672. OFFICE FOR INTEROPERABILITY AND COMPATIBILITY.

    (a) In General- Title III of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 181 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`SEC. 314. OFFICE FOR INTEROPERABILITY AND COMPATIBILITY.

    `(a) Clarification of Responsibilities- The Director of the Office for Interoperability and Compatibility shall--

      `(1) assist the Secretary in developing and implementing the science and technology aspects of the program described in subparagraphs (D), (E), (F), and (G) of section 7303(a)(1) of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (6 U.S.C. 194(a)(1));

      `(2) in coordination with the Federal Communications Commission, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, and other Federal departments and agencies with responsibility for standards, support the creation of national voluntary consensus standards for interoperable emergency communications;

      `(3) establish a comprehensive research, development, testing, and evaluation program for improving interoperable emergency communications;

      `(4) establish, in coordination with the Director for Emergency Communications, requirements for interoperable emergency communications capabilities, which shall be nonproprietary where standards for such capabilities exist, for all public safety radio and data communications systems and equipment purchased using homeland security assistance administered by the Department, excluding any alert and warning device, technology, or system;

      `(5) carry out the Department's responsibilities and authorities relating to research, development, testing, evaluation, or standards-related elements of the SAFECOM Program;

      `(6) evaluate and assess new technology in real-world environments to achieve interoperable emergency communications capabilities;

      `(7) encourage more efficient use of existing resources, including equipment, to achieve interoperable emergency communications capabilities;

      `(8) test public safety communications systems that are less prone to failure, support new nonvoice services, use spectrum more efficiently, and cost less than existing systems;

      `(9) coordinate with the private sector to develop solutions to improve emergency communications capabilities and achieve interoperable emergency communications capabilities; and

      `(10) conduct pilot projects, in coordination with the Director for Emergency Communications, to test and demonstrate technologies, including data and video, that enhance--

        `(A) the ability of emergency response providers and relevant government officials to continue to communicate in the event of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters; and

        `(B) interoperable emergency communications capabilities.

    `(b) Coordination- The Director of the Office for Interoperability and Compatibility shall coordinate with the Director for Emergency Communications with respect to the SAFECOM program.

    `(c) Sufficiency of Resources- The Secretary shall provide the Office for Interoperability and Compatibility the resources and staff necessary to carry out the responsibilities under this section.'.

    (b) Clerical Amendment- The table of contents in section 1(b) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 101 et seq.) is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 313 the following:

      `Sec. 314. Office for Interoperability and Compatibility.'.

SEC. 673. EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS INTEROPERABILITY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) In General- Title III of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 181 et seq.), as amended by this Act, is amended by adding at the end the following:

`SEC. 315. EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS INTEROPERABILITY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.

    `(a) In General- The Under Secretary for Science and Technology, acting through the Director of the Office for Interoperability and Compatibility, shall establish a comprehensive research and development program to support and promote--

      `(1) the ability of emergency response providers and relevant government officials to continue to communicate in the event of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters; and

      `(2) interoperable emergency communications capabilities among emergency response providers and relevant government officials, including by--

        `(A) supporting research on a competitive basis, including through the Directorate of Science and Technology and Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency; and

        `(B) considering the establishment of a Center of Excellence under the Department of Homeland Security Centers of Excellence Program focused on improving emergency response providers' communication capabilities.

    `(b) Purposes- The purposes of the program established under subsection (a) include--

      `(1) supporting research, development, testing, and evaluation on emergency communication capabilities;

      `(2) understanding the strengths and weaknesses of the public safety communications systems in use;

      `(3) examining how current and emerging technology can make emergency response providers more effective, and how Federal, State, local, and tribal government agencies can use this technology in a coherent and cost-effective manner;

      `(4) investigating technologies that could lead to long-term advancements in emergency communications capabilities and supporting research on advanced technologies and potential systemic changes to dramatically improve emergency communications; and

      `(5) evaluating and validating advanced technology concepts, and facilitating the development and deployment of interoperable emergency communication capabilities.

    `(c) Definitions- For purposes of this section, the term `interoperable', with respect to emergency communications, has the meaning given the term in section 1808.'.

    (b) Clerical Amendment- The table of contents in section 1(b) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 101 et seq.) is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 314, as added by this Act, the following:

      `Sec. 315. Emergency communications interoperability research and development.'.

SEC. 674. 911 AND E911 SERVICES REPORT.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Chairman of the Federal Communications Commission shall submit a report to Congress on the status of efforts of State, local, and tribal governments to develop plans for rerouting 911 and E911 services in the event that public safety answering points are disabled during natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters.

SEC. 675. SAVINGS CLAUSE.

    Nothing in this subtitle shall be construed to transfer to the Office of Emergency Communications any function, personnel, asset, component, authority, grant program, or liability of the Federal Emergency Management Agency as constituted on June 1, 2006.

Subtitle E--Stafford Act Amendments

SEC. 681. GENERAL FEDERAL ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Major Disasters- Section 402 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170a) is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (1), by striking `efforts' and inserting `response or recovery efforts, including precautionary evacuations';

      (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the semicolon and inserting `, including precautionary evacuations and recovery;';

      (3) in paragraph (3)--

        (A) in subparagraph (D), by striking `and' at the end; and

        (B) by adding at the end the following:

        `(F) recovery activities, including disaster impact assessments and planning;';

      (4) in paragraph (4), by striking the period and inserting `; and'; and

      (5) by adding at the end the following:

      `(5) provide accelerated Federal assistance and Federal support where necessary to save lives, prevent human suffering, or mitigate severe damage, which may be provided in the absence of a specific request and in which case the President--

        `(A) shall, to the fullest extent practicable, promptly notify and coordinate with officials in a State in which such assistance or support is provided; and

        `(B) shall not, in notifying and coordinating with a State under subparagraph (A), delay or impede the rapid deployment, use, and distribution of critical resources to victims of a major disaster.'.

    (b) Emergencies- Section 502 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5192) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (a)--

        (A) in paragraph (1), by striking the semicolon and inserting `, including precautionary evacuations;';

        (B) in paragraph (6), by striking `and' after the semicolon;

        (C) in paragraph (7), by striking the period and inserting `; and'; and

        (D) by adding at the end the following:

      `(8) provide accelerated Federal assistance and Federal support where necessary to save lives, prevent human suffering, or mitigate severe damage, which may be provided in the absence of a specific request and in which case the President--

        `(A) shall, to the fullest extent practicable, promptly notify and coordinate with a State in which such assistance or support is provided; and

        `(B) shall not, in notifying and coordinating with a State under subparagraph (A), delay or impede the rapid deployment, use, and distribution of critical resources to victims of an emergency.';

      (2) in subsection (b), by striking the period and inserting `, including precautionary evacuations.'; and

      (3) by adding at the end the following:

    `(c) Guidelines- The President shall promulgate and maintain guidelines to assist Governors in requesting the declaration of an emergency in advance of a natural or man-made disaster (including for the purpose of seeking assistance with special needs and other evacuation efforts) under this section by defining the types of assistance available to affected States and the circumstances under which such requests are likely to be approved.'.

SEC. 682. NATIONAL DISASTER RECOVERY STRATEGY.

    (a) In General- The Administrator, in coordination with the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of Transportation, the Administrator of the Small Business Administration, the Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs of the Department of the Interior, and the heads of other appropriate Federal agencies, State, local, and tribal government officials (including through the National Advisory Council), and representatives of appropriate nongovernmental organizations shall develop, coordinate, and maintain a National Disaster Recovery Strategy to serve as a guide to recovery efforts after major disasters and emergencies.

    (b) Contents- The National Disaster Recovery Strategy shall--

      (1) outline the most efficient and cost-effective Federal programs that will meet the recovery needs of States, local and tribal governments, and individuals and households affected by a major disaster;

      (2) clearly define the role, programs, authorities, and responsibilities of each Federal agency that may be of assistance in providing assistance in the recovery from a major disaster;

      (3) promote the use of the most appropriate and cost-effective building materials (based on the hazards present in an area) in any area affected by a major disaster, with the goal of encouraging the construction of disaster-resistant buildings; and

      (4) describe in detail the programs that may be offered by the agencies described in paragraph (2), including--

        (A) discussing funding issues;

        (B) detailing how responsibilities under the National Disaster Recovery Strategy will be shared; and

        (C) addressing other matters concerning the cooperative effort to provide recovery assistance.

    (c) Report-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 270 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report describing in detail the National Disaster Recovery Strategy and any additional authorities necessary to implement any portion of the National Disaster Recovery Strategy.

      (2) UPDATE- The Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report updating the report submitted under paragraph (1)--

        (A) on the same date that any change is made to the National Disaster Recovery Strategy; and

        (B) on a periodic basis after the submission of the report under paragraph (1), but not less than once every 5 years after the date of the submission of the report under paragraph (1).

SEC. 683. NATIONAL DISASTER HOUSING STRATEGY.

    (a) In General- The Administrator, in coordination with representatives of the Federal agencies, governments, and organizations listed in subsection (b)(2) of this section, the National Advisory Council, the National Council on Disability, and other entities at the Administrator's discretion, shall develop, coordinate, and maintain a National Disaster Housing Strategy.

    (b) Contents- The National Disaster Housing Strategy shall--

      (1) outline the most efficient and cost effective Federal programs that will best meet the short-term and long-term housing needs of individuals and households affected by a major disaster;

      (2) clearly define the role, programs, authorities, and responsibilities of each entity in providing housing assistance in the event of a major disaster, including--

        (A) the Agency;

        (B) the Department of Housing and Urban Development;

        (C) the Department of Agriculture;

        (D) the Department of Veterans Affairs;

        (E) the Department of Health and Human Services;

        (F) the Bureau of Indian Affairs;

        (G) any other Federal agency that may provide housing assistance in the event of a major disaster;

        (H) the American Red Cross; and

        (I) State, local, and tribal governments;

      (3) describe in detail the programs that may be offered by the entities described in paragraph (2), including--

        (A) outlining any funding issues;

        (B) detailing how responsibilities under the National Disaster Housing Strategy will be shared; and

        (C) addressing other matters concerning the cooperative effort to provide housing assistance during a major disaster;

      (4) consider methods through which housing assistance can be provided to individuals and households where employment and other resources for living are available;

      (5) describe programs directed to meet the needs of special needs and low-income populations and ensure that a sufficient number of housing units are provided for individuals with disabilities;

      (6) describe plans for the operation of clusters of housing provided to individuals and households, including access to public services, site management, security, and site density;

      (7) describe plans for promoting the repair or rehabilitation of existing rental housing, including through lease agreements or other means, in order to improve the provision of housing to individuals and households under section 408 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5174); and

      (8) describe any additional authorities necessary to carry out any portion of the strategy.

    (c) Guidance- The Administrator should develop and make publicly available guidance on--

      (1) types of housing assistance available under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.) to individuals and households affected by an emergency or major disaster;

      (2) eligibility for such assistance (including, where appropriate, the continuation of such assistance); and

      (3) application procedures for such assistance.

    (d) Report-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 270 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report describing in detail the National Disaster Housing Strategy, including programs directed to meeting the needs of special needs populations.

      (2) UPDATED REPORT- The Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report updating the report submitted under paragraph (1)--

        (A) on the same date that any change is made to the National Disaster Housing Strategy; and

        (B) on a periodic basis after the submission of the report under paragraph (1), but not less than once every 5 years after the date of the submission of the report under paragraph (1).

SEC. 684. HAZARD MITIGATION GRANT PROGRAM FORMULA.

    The third sentence of section 404(a) of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170c(a)) is amended by striking `7.5 percent' and inserting `15 percent for amounts not more than $2,000,000,000, 10 percent for amounts of more than $2,000,000,000 and not more than $10,000,000,000, and 7.5 percent on amounts of more than $10,000,000,000 and not more than $35,333,000,000'.

SEC. 685. HOUSING ASSISTANCE.

    Section 408(c)(4) of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5174) is amended--

      (1) by inserting `or semi-permanent' after `permanent'; and

      (2) by striking `remote'.

SEC. 686. MAXIMUM AMOUNT UNDER INDIVIDUAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS.

    Section 408(c) of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5174(c)) is amended--

      (1) by striking paragraph (2)(C); and

      (2) in paragraph (3)--

        (A) by striking subparagraph (B); and

        (B) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (B).

SEC. 687. COORDINATING OFFICERS.

    Section 302 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5143(b)) is amended by adding after subsection (c) the following:

    `(d) Where the area affected by a major disaster or emergency includes parts of more than 1 State, the President, at the discretion of the President, may appoint a single Federal coordinating officer for the entire affected area, and may appoint such deputy Federal coordinating officers to assist the Federal coordinating officer as the President determines appropriate.'.

SEC. 688. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 102 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5122) is amended--

      (1) by amending paragraph (9) to read as follows:

      `(9) PRIVATE NONPROFIT FACILITY-

        `(A) IN GENERAL- The term `private nonprofit facility' means private nonprofit educational, utility, irrigation, emergency, medical, rehabilitational, and temporary or permanent custodial care facilities (including those for the aged and disabled) and facilities on Indian reservations, as defined by the President.

        `(B) ADDITIONAL FACILITIES- In addition to the facilities described in subparagraph (A), the term `private nonprofit facility' includes any private nonprofit facility that provides essential services of a governmental nature to the general public (including museums, zoos, performing arts facilities, community arts centers, libraries, homeless shelters, senior citizen centers, rehabilitation facilities, shelter workshops, and facilities that provide health and safety services of a governmental nature), as defined by the President.';

      (2) by redesignating paragraphs (6) through (9) as paragraphs (7) through (10), respectively; and

      (3) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:

      `(6) INDIVIDUAL WITH A DISABILITY- The term `individual with a disability' means an individual with a disability as defined in section 3(2) of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12102(2)).'.

SEC. 689. INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES.

    (a) Guidelines- Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, and in coordination with the National Advisory Council, the National Council on Disability, the Interagency Coordinating Council on Preparedness and Individuals With Disabilities established under Executive Order No. 13347 (6 U.S.C. 312 note), and the Disability Coordinator (established under section 513 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as added by this Act), the Administrator shall develop guidelines to accommodate individuals with disabilities, which shall include guidelines for--

      (1) the accessibility of, and communications and programs in, shelters, recovery centers, and other facilities; and

      (2) devices used in connection with disaster operations, including first aid stations, mass feeding areas, portable payphone stations, portable toilets, and temporary housing.

    (b) Essential Assistance- Section 403(a) of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170b(a)) is amended--

      (1) in paragraph (2), by inserting `durable medical equipment,' after `medicine'; and

      (2) in paragraph (3)--

        (A) in subparagraph (B), by inserting `durable medical equipment,' after `medicine';

        (B) in subparagraph (H), by striking `and' at the end;

        (C) in subparagraph (I), by striking the period and inserting `; and'; and

        (D) by adding at the end the following:

        `(J) provision of rescue, care, shelter, and essential needs--

          `(i) to individuals with household pets and service animals; and

          `(ii) to such pets and animals.'.

    (c) Federal Assistance to Individuals and Households- Section 408 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5174) is amended--

      (1) in subsection (b)(1), by inserting `, or with respect to individuals with disabilities, rendered inaccessible or uninhabitable,' after `uninhabitable'; and

      (2) in subsection (d)(1)(A)--

        (A) in clause (i), by striking `and' after the semicolon;

        (B) by redesignating clause (ii) as clause (iii); and

        (C) by inserting after clause (i) the following:

          `(ii) meets the physical accessibility requirements for individuals with disabilities; and'.

SEC. 689a. NONDISCRIMINATION IN DISASTER ASSISTANCE.

    Section 308(a) of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5151(a)) is amended by inserting `disability, English proficiency,' after `age,'.

SEC. 689b. REUNIFICATION.

    (a) Definitions- In this section:

      (1) CHILD LOCATOR CENTER- The term `Child Locator Center' means the National Emergency Child Locator Center established under subsection (b).

      (2) DECLARED EVENT- The term `declared event' means a major disaster or emergency.

      (3) DISPLACED ADULT- The term `displaced adult' means an individual 21 years of age or older who is displaced from the habitual residence of that individual as a result of a declared event.

      (4) DISPLACED CHILD- The term `displaced child' means an individual under 21 years of age who is displaced from the habitual residence of that individual as a result of a declared event.

    (b) National Emergency Child Locator Center-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator, in coordination with the Attorney General of the United States, shall establish within the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children the National Emergency Child Locator Center. In establishing the National Emergency Child Locator Center, the Administrator shall establish procedures to make all relevant information available to the National Emergency Child Locator Center in a timely manner to facilitate the expeditious identification and reunification of children with their families.

      (2) PURPOSES- The purposes of the Child Locator Center are to--

        (A) enable individuals to provide to the Child Locator Center the name of and other identifying information about a displaced child or a displaced adult who may have information about the location of a displaced child;

        (B) enable individuals to receive information about other sources of information about displaced children and displaced adults; and

        (C) assist law enforcement in locating displaced children.

      (3) RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIES- The responsibilities and duties of the Child Locator Center are to--

        (A) establish a toll-free telephone number to receive reports of displaced children and information about displaced adults that may assist in locating displaced children;

        (B) create a website to provide information about displaced children;

        (C) deploy its staff to the location of a declared event to gather information about displaced children;

        (D) assist in the reunification of displaced children with their families;

        (E) provide information to the public about additional resources for disaster assistance;

        (F) work in partnership with Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies;

        (G) provide technical assistance in locating displaced children;

        (H) share information on displaced children and displaced adults with governmental agencies and nongovernmental organizations providing disaster assistance;

        (I) use its resources to gather information about displaced children;

        (J) refer reports of displaced adults to--

          (i) an entity designated by the Attorney General to provide technical assistance in locating displaced adults; and

          (ii) the National Emergency Family Registry and Locator System as defined under section 689c(a);

        (K) enter into cooperative agreements with Federal and State agencies and other organizations such as the American Red Cross as necessary to implement the mission of the Child Locator Center; and

        (L) develop an emergency response plan to prepare for the activation of the Child Locator Center.

    (c) Conforming Amendments- Section 403(1) of the Missing Children's Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5772(1)) is amended--

      (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking `or' at the end;

      (2) in subparagraph (B), by adding `or' after the semicolon; and

      (3) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following:

        `(C) the individual is an individual under 21 years of age who is displaced from the habitual residence of that individual as a result of an emergency or major disaster (as those terms are defined in section 102 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5122)).'.

    (d) Report- Not later than 270 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives a report describing in detail the status of the Child Locator Center, including funding issues and any difficulties or issues in establishing the Center or completing the cooperative agreements described in subsection (b)(3)(K).

SEC. 689c. NATIONAL EMERGENCY FAMILY REGISTRY AND LOCATOR SYSTEM.

    (a) Definitions- In this section--

      (1) the term `displaced individual' means an individual displaced by an emergency or major disaster; and

      (2) the term `National Emergency Family Registry and Locator System' means the National Emergency Family Registry and Locator System established under subsection (b).

    (b) Establishment- Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall establish a National Emergency Family Registry and Locator System to help reunify families separated after an emergency or major disaster.

    (c) Operation of System- The National Emergency Family Registry and Locator System shall--

      (1) allow a displaced adult (including medical patients) to voluntarily register (and allow an adult that is the parent or guardian of a displaced child to register such child), by submitting personal information to be entered into a database (such as the name, current location of residence, and any other relevant information that could be used by others seeking to locate that individual);

      (2) ensure that information submitted under paragraph (1) is accessible to those individuals named by a displaced individual and to those law enforcement officials;

      (3) be accessible through the Internet and through a toll-free number, to receive reports of displaced individuals; and

      (4) include a means of referring displaced children to the National Emergency Child Locator Center established under section 689b.

    (d) Publication of Information- Not later than 210 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall establish a mechanism to inform the public about the National Emergency Family Registry and Locator System and its potential usefulness for assisting to reunite displaced individuals with their families.

    (e) Coordination- Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall enter a memorandum of understanding with the Department of Justice, the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, the Department of Health and Human Services, and the American Red Cross and other relevant private organizations that will enhance the sharing of information to facilitate reuniting displaced individuals (including medical patients) with their families.

    (f) Report- Not later than 270 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report describing in detail the status of the National Emergency Family Registry and Locator System, including any difficulties or issues in establishing the System, including funding issues.

SEC. 689d. FEDERAL ASSISTANCE TO INDIVIDUALS AND HOUSEHOLDS.

    Section 408(c)(1)(A) of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5174(c)(1)(A)) is amended--

      (1) in clause (i), by adding at the end the following: `Such assistance may include the payment of the cost of utilities, excluding telephone service.'; and

      (2) in clause (ii), by inserting `security deposits,' after `hookups,'.

SEC. 689e. DISASTER RELATED INFORMATION SERVICES.

    Subtitle A of title VI of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5195 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`SEC. 616. DISASTER RELATED INFORMATION SERVICES.

    `(a) In General- Consistent with section 308(a), the Director of Federal Emergency Management Agency shall--

      `(1) identify, in coordination with State and local governments, population groups with limited English proficiency and take into account such groups in planning for an emergency or major disaster;

      `(2) ensure that information made available to individuals affected by a major disaster or emergency is made available in formats that can be understood by--

        `(A) population groups identified under paragraph (1); and

        `(B) individuals with disabilities or other special needs; and

      `(3) develop and maintain an informational clearinghouse of model language assistance programs and best practices for State and local governments in providing services related to a major disaster or emergency.

    `(b) Group Size- For purposes of subsection (a), the Director of Federal Emergency Management Agency shall define the size of a population group.'.

SEC. 689f. TRANSPORTATION ASSISTANCE AND CASE MANAGEMENT SERVICES TO INDIVIDUALS AND HOUSEHOLDS.

    Title IV of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170 et seq.), is amended by adding at the end the following:

`SEC. 425. TRANSPORTATION ASSISTANCE TO INDIVIDUALS AND HOUSEHOLDS.

    `The President may provide transportation assistance to relocate individuals displaced from their predisaster primary residences as a result of an incident declared under this Act or otherwise transported from their predisaster primary residences under section 403(a)(3) or 502, to and from alternative locations for short or long-term accommodation or to return an individual or household to their predisaster primary residence or alternative location, as determined necessary by the President.

`SEC. 426. CASE MANAGEMENT SERVICES.

    `The President may provide case management services, including financial assistance, to State or local government agencies or qualified private organizations to provide such services, to victims of major disasters to identify and address unmet needs.'.

SEC. 689g. DESIGNATION OF SMALL STATE AND RURAL ADVOCATE.

    (a) In General- Title III of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (15 U.S.C. 5141 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`SEC. 326. DESIGNATION OF SMALL STATE AND RURAL ADVOCATE.

    `(a) In General- The President shall designate in the Federal Emergency Management Agency a Small State and Rural Advocate.

    `(b) Responsibilities- The Small State and Rural Advocate shall be an advocate for the fair treatment of small States and rural communities in the provision of assistance under this Act.

    `(c) Duties- The Small State and Rural Advocate shall--

      `(1) participate in the disaster declaration process under section 401 and the emergency declaration process under section 501, to ensure that the needs of rural communities are being addressed;

      `(2) assist small population States in the preparation of requests for major disaster or emergency declarations; and

      `(3) conduct such other activities as the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency considers appropriate.'.

    (b) Report to Congress- Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report detailing the extent to which disaster declaration regulations--

      (1) meet the particular needs of States with populations of less than 1,500,000 individuals; and

      (2) comply with statutory restrictions on the use of arithmetic formulas and sliding scales based on income or population.

    (c) Statutory Construction- Nothing in this section or the amendments made by this section shall be construed to authorize major disaster or emergency assistance that is not authorized as of the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 689h. REPAIR, RESTORATION, AND REPLACEMENT OF DAMAGED PRIVATE NONPROFIT EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES.

    Section 406(a)(3)(B) of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5172(a)(3)(B)) is amended by inserting `education,' after `communications,'.

SEC. 689i. INDIVIDUALS AND HOUSEHOLDS PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) Pilot Program-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The President, acting through the Administrator, in coordination with State, local, and tribal governments, shall establish and conduct a pilot program. The pilot program shall be designed to make better use of existing rental housing, located in areas covered by a major disaster declaration, in order to provide timely and cost-effective temporary housing assistance to individuals and households eligible for assistance under section 408 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5174) where alternative housing options are less available or less cost-effective.

      (2) ADMINISTRATION-

        (A) IN GENERAL- For the purposes of the pilot program under this section, the Administrator may--

          (i) enter into lease agreements with owners of multi-family rental property located in areas covered by a major disaster declaration to house individuals and households eligible for assistance under section 408 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5174);

          (ii) make improvements to properties under such lease agreements;

          (iii) use the pilot program where the program is cost effective in that the cost to the Government for the lease agreements is in proportion to the savings to the Government by not providing alternative housing; and

          (iv) limit repairs to those required to ensure that the housing units shall meet Federal housing quality standards.

        (B) IMPROVEMENTS TO LEASED PROPERTIES- Under the terms of any lease agreement for a property described under subparagraph (A)(ii), the value of the contribution of the Agency to such improvements--

          (i) shall be deducted from the value of the lease agreement; and

          (ii) may not exceed the value of the lease agreement.

      (3) CONSULTATION- In administering the pilot program under this section, the Administrator may consult with State, local, and tribal governments.

      (4) REPORT-

        (A) IN GENERAL- Not later than March 31, 2009, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report regarding the effectiveness of the pilot program.

        (B) CONTENTS- The Administrator shall include in the report--

          (i) an assessment of the effectiveness of the pilot program under this section, including an assessment of cost-savings to the Federal Government and any benefits to individuals and households eligible for assistance under section 408 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5174) under the pilot program;

          (ii) findings and conclusions of the Administrator with respect to the pilot program;

          (iii) an assessment of additional authorities needed to aid the Agency in its mission of providing disaster housing assistance to individuals and households eligible for assistance under section 408 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5174), either under the pilot program under this section or other potential housing programs; and

          (iv) any recommendations of the Administrator for additional authority to continue or make permanent the pilot program.

    (b) Pilot Program Project Approval- The Administrator shall not approve a project under the pilot program after December 31, 2008.

SEC. 689j. PUBLIC ASSISTANCE PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) Pilot Program-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The President, acting through the Administrator, and in coordination with State and local governments, shall establish and conduct a pilot program to--

        (A) reduce the costs to the Federal Government of providing assistance to States and local governments under sections 403(a)(3)(A), 406, and 407 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 1570b(a)(3), 5172, 5172);

        (B) increase flexibility in the administration of sections 403(a)(3)(A), 406, and 407 of that Act; and

        (C) expedite the provision of assistance to States and local governments provided under sections 403(a)(3)(A), 406, and 407 of that Act.

      (2) PARTICIPATION- Only States and local governments that elect to participate in the pilot program may participate in the pilot program for a particular project.

      (3) INNOVATIVE ADMINISTRATION-

        (A) IN GENERAL- For purposes of the pilot program, the Administrator shall establish new procedures to administer assistance provided under the sections referred to in paragraph (1).

        (B) NEW PROCEDURES- The new procedures established under subparagraph (A) may include 1 or more of the following:

          (i) Notwithstanding section 406(c)(1)(A) of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 1571(c)(1)(A)), providing an option for a State or local government to elect to receive an in-lieu contribution in an amount equal to 90 percent of the Federal share of the Federal estimate of the cost of repair, restoration, reconstruction, or replacement of a public facility owned or controlled by the State or local government and of management expenses.

          (ii) Making grants on the basis of estimates agreed to by the local government (or where no local government is involved, by the State government) and the Administrator to provide financial incentives and disincentives for the local government (or where no local government is involved, for the State government) for the timely or cost effective completion of projects under sections 403(a)(3)(A), 406, and 407 of that Act.

          (iii) Increasing the Federal share for removal of debris and wreckage for States and local governments that have a debris management plan approved by the Administrator and have pre-qualified 1 or more debris and wreckage removal contractors before the date of declaration of the major disaster.

          (iv) Using a sliding scale for the Federal share for removal of debris and wreckage based on the time it takes to complete debris and wreckage removal.

          (v) Using a financial incentive to recycle debris.

          (vi) Reimbursing base wages for employees and extra hires of a State or local government involved in or administering debris and wreckage removal.

      (4) WAIVER- The Administrator may waive such regulations or rules applicable to the provisions of assistance under the sections referred to in paragraph (1) as the Administrator determines are necessary to carry out the pilot program under this section.

    (b) Report-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than March 31, 2009, the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report regarding the effectiveness of the pilot program under this section.

      (2) CONTENTS- The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall include--

        (A) an assessment by the Administrator of any administrative or financial benefits of the pilot program;

        (B) an assessment by the Administrator of the effect, including any savings in time and cost, of the pilot program;

        (C) any identified legal or other obstacles to increasing the amount of debris recycled after a major disaster;

        (D) any other findings and conclusions of the Administrator with respect to the pilot program; and

        (E) any recommendations of the Administrator for additional authority to continue or make permanent the pilot program.

    (c) Deadline for Initiation of Implementation- The Administrator shall initiate implementation of the pilot program under this section not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act.

    (d) Pilot Program Project Duration- The Administrator may not approve a project under the pilot program under this section after December 31, 2008.

SEC. 689k. DISPOSAL OF UNUSED TEMPORARY HOUSING UNITS.

    (a) In General- Notwithstanding section 408(d)(2)(B) of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5174(d)(2)(B)), if the Administrator authorizes the disposal of an unused temporary housing unit that is owned by the Agency on the date of enactment of this Act and is not used to house individuals or households under section 408 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5174) after that date, such unit shall be disposed of under subchapter III of chapter 5 of subtitle I of title 40, United States Code.

    (b) Tribal Governments- Housing units described in subsection (a) shall be disposed of in coordination with the Department of the Interior or other appropriate agencies in order to transfer such units to tribal governments if appropriate.

Subtitle F--Prevention of Fraud, Waste, and Abuse

SEC. 691. ADVANCE CONTRACTING.

    (a) Initial Report-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit a report under paragraph (2) identifying--

        (A) recurring disaster response requirements, including specific goods and services, for which the Agency is capable of contracting for in advance of a natural disaster or act of terrorism or other man-made disaster in a cost effective manner;

        (B) recurring disaster response requirements, including specific goods and services, for which the Agency can not contract in advance of a natural disaster or act of terrorism or other man-made disaster in a cost effective manner; and

        (C) a contracting strategy that maximizes the use of advance contracts to the extent practical and cost-effective.

      (2) SUBMISSION- The report under paragraph (1) shall be submitted to the appropriate committees of Congress.

    (b) Entering Into Contracts-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall enter into 1 or more contracts for each type of goods or services identified under subsection (a)(1)(A), and in accordance with the contracting strategy identified in subsection (a)(1)(C). Any contract for goods or services identified in subsection (a)(1)(A) previously awarded may be maintained in fulfilling this requirement.

      (2) CONSIDERED FACTORS- Before entering into any contract under this subsection, the Administrator shall consider section 307 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5150), as amended by this Act.

      (3) PRENEGOTIATED FEDERAL CONTRACTS FOR GOODS AND SERVICES- The Administrator, in coordination with State and local governments and other Federal agencies, shall establish a process to ensure that Federal prenegotiated contracts for goods and services are coordinated with State and local governments, as appropriate.

      (4) PRENEGOTIATED STATE AND LOCAL CONTRACTS FOR GOODS AND SERVICES- The Administrator shall encourage State and local governments to establish prenegotiated contracts with vendors for goods and services in advance of natural disasters and acts of terrorism or other man-made disasters.

    (c) Maintenance of Contracts- After the date described under subsection (b), the Administrator shall have the responsibility to maintain contracts for appropriate levels of goods and services in accordance with subsection (a)(1)(C).

    (d) Report on Contracts Not Using Competitive Procedures- At the end of each fiscal quarter, beginning with the first fiscal quarter occurring at least 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit a report on each disaster assistance contract entered into by the Agency by other than competitive procedures to the appropriate committees of Congress.

SEC. 692. LIMITATIONS ON TIERING OF SUBCONTRACTORS.

    (a) Regulations- The Secretary shall promulgate regulations applicable to contracts described in subsection (c) to minimize the excessive use by contractors of subcontractors or tiers of subcontractors to perform the principal work of the contract.

    (b) Specific Requirement- At a minimum, the regulations promulgated under subsection (a) shall preclude a contractor from using subcontracts for more than 65 percent of the cost of the contract or the cost of any individual task or delivery order (not including overhead and profit), unless the Secretary determines that such requirement is not feasible or practicable.

    (c) Covered Contracts- This section applies to any cost-reimbursement type contract or task or delivery order in an amount greater than the simplified acquisition threshold (as defined by section 4 of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403)) entered into by the Department to facilitate response to or recovery from a natural disaster or act of terrorism or other man-made disaster.

SEC. 693. OVERSIGHT AND ACCOUNTABILITY OF FEDERAL DISASTER EXPENDITURES.

    (a) Authority of Administrator to Designate Funds for Oversight Activities- The Administrator may designate up to 1 percent of the total amount provided to a Federal agency for a mission assignment as oversight funds to be used by the recipient agency for performing oversight of activities carried out under the Agency reimbursable mission assignment process. Such funds shall remain available until expended.

    (b) Use of Funds-

      (1) TYPES OF OVERSIGHT ACTIVITIES- Oversight funds may be used for the following types of oversight activities related to Agency mission assignments:

        (A) Monitoring, tracking, and auditing expenditures of funds.

        (B) Ensuring that sufficient management and internal control mechanisms are available so that Agency funds are spent appropriately and in accordance with all applicable laws and regulations.

        (C) Reviewing selected contracts and other activities.

        (D) Investigating allegations of fraud involving Agency funds.

        (E) Conducting and participating in fraud prevention activities with other Federal, State, and local government personnel and contractors.

      (2) PLANS AND REPORTS- Oversight funds may be used to issue the plans required under subsection (e) and the reports required under subsection (f).

    (c) Restriction on Use of Funds- Oversight funds may not be used to finance existing agency oversight responsibilities related to direct agency appropriations used for disaster response, relief, and recovery activities.

    (d) Methods of Oversight Activities-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Oversight activities may be carried out by an agency under this section either directly or by contract. Such activities may include evaluations and financial and performance audits.

      (2) COORDINATION OF OVERSIGHT ACTIVITIES- To the extent practicable, evaluations and audits under this section shall be performed by the inspector general of the agency.

    (e) Development of Oversight Plans-

      (1) IN GENERAL- If an agency receives oversight funds for a fiscal year, the head of the agency shall prepare a plan describing the oversight activities for disaster response, relief, and recovery anticipated to be undertaken during the subsequent fiscal year.

      (2) SELECTION OF OVERSIGHT ACTIVITIES- In preparing the plan, the head of the agency shall select oversight activities based upon a risk assessment of those areas that present the greatest risk of fraud, waste, and abuse.

      (3) SCHEDULE- The plan shall include a schedule for conducting oversight activities, including anticipated dates of completion.

    (f) Federal Disaster Assistance Accountability Reports- A Federal agency receiving oversight funds under this section shall submit annually to the Administrator and the appropriate committees of Congress a consolidated report regarding the use of such funds, including information summarizing oversight activities and the results achieved.

    (g) Definition- In this section, the term `oversight funds' means funds referred to in subsection (a) that are designated for use in performing oversight activities.

SEC. 694. USE OF LOCAL FIRMS AND INDIVIDUALS.

    The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.) is amended by striking section 307 and inserting the following:

`SEC. 307. USE OF LOCAL FIRMS AND INDIVIDUALS.

    `(a) Contracts or Agreements With Private Entities-

      `(1) IN GENERAL- In the expenditure of Federal funds for debris clearance, distribution of supplies, reconstruction, and other major disaster or emergency assistance activities which may be carried out by contract or agreement with private organizations, firms, or individuals, preference shall be given, to the extent feasible and practicable, to those organizations, firms, and individuals residing or doing business primarily in the area affected by such major disaster or emergency.

      `(2) CONSTRUCTION- This subsection shall not be considered to restrict the use of Department of Defense resources under this Act in the provision of assistance in a major disaster.

      `(3) SPECIFIC GEOGRAPHIC AREA- In carrying out this section, a contract or agreement may be set aside for award based on a specific geographic area.

    `(b) Implementation-

      `(1) CONTRACTS NOT TO ENTITIES IN AREA- Any expenditure of Federal funds for debris clearance, distribution of supplies, reconstruction, and other major disaster or emergency assistance activities which may be carried out by contract or agreement with private organizations, firms, or individuals, not awarded to an organization, firm, or individual residing or doing business primarily in the area affected by such major disaster shall be justified in writing in the contract file.

      `(2) TRANSITION- Following the declaration of an emergency or major disaster, an agency performing response, relief, and reconstruction activities shall transition work performed under contracts in effect on the date on which the President declares the emergency or major disaster to organizations, firms, and individuals residing or doing business primarily in any area affected by the major disaster or emergency, unless the head of such agency determines that it is not feasible or practicable to do so.

    `(c) Prior Contracts- Nothing in this section shall be construed to require any Federal agency to breach or renegotiate any contract in effect before the occurrence of a major disaster or emergency.'.

SEC. 695. LIMITATION ON LENGTH OF CERTAIN NONCOMPETITIVE CONTRACTS.

    (a) Regulations- The Secretary shall promulgate regulations applicable to contracts described in subsection (c) to restrict the contract period of any such contract entered into using procedures other than competitive procedures pursuant to the exception provided in paragraph (2) of section 303(c) of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (41 U.S.C. 253(c)) to the minimum contract period necessary--

      (1) to meet the urgent and compelling requirements of the work to be performed under the contract; and

      (2) to enter into another contract for the required goods or services through the use of competitive procedures.

    (b) Specific Contract Period- The regulations promulgated under subsection (a) shall require the contract period to not to exceed 150 days, unless the Secretary determines that exceptional circumstances apply.

    (c) Covered Contracts- This section applies to any contract in an amount greater than the simplified acquisition threshold (as defined by section 4 of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act (41 U.S.C. 403)) entered into by the Department to facilitate response to or recovery from a natural disaster, act of terrorism, or other man-made disaster.

SEC. 696. FRAUD, WASTE, AND ABUSE CONTROLS.

    (a) In General- The Administrator shall ensure that--

      (1) all programs within the Agency administering Federal disaster relief assistance develop and maintain proper internal management controls to prevent and detect fraud, waste, and abuse;

      (2) application databases used by the Agency to collect information on eligible recipients must record disbursements;

      (3) such tracking is designed to highlight and identify ineligible applications; and

      (4) the databases used to collect information from applications for such assistance must be integrated with disbursements and payment records.

    (b) Audits and Reviews Required- The Administrator shall ensure that any database or similar application processing system for Federal disaster relief assistance programs administered by the Agency undergoes a review by the Inspector General of the Agency to determine the existence and implementation of such internal controls required under this section and the amendments made by this section.

    (c) Verification Measures for Individuals and Households Program- Section 408 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5174) is amended--

      (1) by redesignating subsection (i) as subsection (j); and

      (2) by inserting after subsection (h) the following:

    `(i) Verification Measures- In carrying out this section, the President shall develop a system, including an electronic database, that shall allow the President, or the designee of the President, to--

      `(1) verify the identity and address of recipients of assistance under this section to provide reasonable assurance that payments are made only to an individual or household that is eligible for such assistance;

      `(2) minimize the risk of making duplicative payments or payments for fraudulent claims under this section;

      `(3) collect any duplicate payment on a claim under this section, or reduce the amount of subsequent payments to offset the amount of any such duplicate payment;

      `(4) provide instructions to recipients of assistance under this section regarding the proper use of any such assistance, regardless of how such assistance is distributed; and

      `(5) conduct an expedited and simplified review and appeal process for an individual or household whose application for assistance under this section is denied.'.

SEC. 697. REGISTRY OF DISASTER RESPONSE CONTRACTORS.

    (a) Definitions- In this section--

      (1) the term `registry' means the registry created under subsection (b); and

      (2) the terms `small business concern', `small business concern owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals', `small business concern owned and controlled by women', and `small business concern owned and controlled by service-disabled veterans' have the meanings given those terms under the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 631 et seq.).

    (b) Registry-

      (1) IN GENERAL- The Administrator shall establish and maintain a registry of contractors who are willing to perform debris removal, distribution of supplies, reconstruction, and other disaster or emergency relief activities.

      (2) CONTENTS- The registry shall include, for each business concern--

        (A) the name of the business concern;

        (B) the location of the business concern;

        (C) the area served by the business concern;

        (D) the type of good or service provided by the business concern;

        (E) the bonding level of the business concern; and

        (F) whether the business concern is--

          (i) a small business concern;

          (ii) a small business concern owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals;

          (iii) a small business concern owned and controlled by women; or

          (iv) a small business concern owned and controlled by service-disabled veterans.

      (3) SOURCE OF INFORMATION-

        (A) SUBMISSION- Information maintained in the registry shall be submitted on a voluntary basis and be kept current by the submitting business concerns.

        (B) ATTESTATION- Each business concern submitting information to the registry shall submit--

          (i) an attestation that the information is true; and

          (ii) documentation supporting such attestation.

        (C) VERIFICATION- The Administrator shall verify that the documentation submitted by each business concern supports the information submitted by that business concern.

      (4) AVAILABILITY OF REGISTRY- The registry shall be made generally available on the Internet site of the Agency.

      (5) CONSULTATION OF REGISTRY- As part of the acquisition planning for contracting for debris removal, distribution of supplies in a disaster, reconstruction, and other disaster or emergency relief activities, a Federal agency shall consult the registry.

SEC. 698. FRAUD PREVENTION TRAINING PROGRAM.

    The Administrator shall develop and implement a program to provide training on the prevention of waste, fraud, and abuse of Federal disaster relief assistance relating to the response to or recovery from natural disasters and acts of terrorism or other man-made disasters and ways to identify such potential waste, fraud, and abuse.

Subtitle G--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 699. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this title and the amendments made by this title for the administration and operations of the Agency--

      (1) for fiscal year 2008, an amount equal to the amount appropriated for fiscal year 2007 for administration and operations of the Agency, multiplied by 1.1;

      (2) for fiscal year 2009, an amount equal to the amount described in paragraph (1), multiplied by 1.1; and

      (3) for fiscal year 2010, an amount equal to the amount described in paragraph (2), multiplied by 1.1.

    SEC. 699A. Except as expressly provided otherwise, any reference to `this Act' contained in this title shall be treated as referring only to the provisions of this title.

    This Act may be cited as the `Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2007'.

Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Vice President of the United States and

President of the Senate.