IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
July 28, 2005
Mr. Vitter (for himself, Ms. Stabenow, and Mr. McCain) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance
To clarify that the overall trade negotiating objectives of the United States include avoiding provisions in trade agreements that restrict the access of consumers in the United States to pharmaceutical imports, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Protecting Free Trade in
Pharmaceuticals Act of 2005.
Pharmaceutical imports; objectives in negotiation of trade agreements
Section 2102(a) of the Bipartisan Trade Promotion Authority Act of 2002 (19 U.S.C. 3802(a)) is amended—
and at the end
of paragraph (8);
by striking the period at the end of
paragraph (9) and inserting
; and; and
by adding at the end the following:
to avoid negotiating trade agreements that could restrict, or be interpreted to restrict, the access of consumers in the United States to pharmaceutical imports from countries with a pharmaceutical infrastructure that is equivalent, or superior, to that of the United States—
by or through the use and development of the doctrine of international patent exhaustion, as interpreted or applied by United States courts on the date of enactment of this Act; or
by making it a violation for the United States to enact legislation permitting pharmaceutical imports without the consent of patent owners when the products involved have been sold outside the United States.
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the United States Trade Representative—
may not enter into a bilateral or multilateral trade agreement that, with respect to the importation of pharmaceutical products without the consent of the patent owners, includes provisions that are the same or similar to the provisions of—
paragraph 2 of Article 16.7 of the United States-Singapore Free Trade Agreement;
paragraph 4 of Article 17.9 of the United States-Australia Free Trade Agreement; or
paragraph 4 of Article 15.9 of the United States-Morocco Free Trade Agreement; and
may not, with respect to the importation of pharmaceutical products without the consent of the patent owners, negotiate an agreement or understanding with respect to any of the provisions referred to in paragraph (1).
Intellectual property; advisory committee for united states trade representative
With respect to the advisory committee established to provide advice to the United States Trade Representative on matters relating to intellectual property, the Representative shall ensure that, for each meeting that is held after the date of the enactment of this Act and relates or potentially relates to the importation of pharmaceutical products into the United States—
the membership of the committee includes members who represent the interests of consumers of such products; and
the number of such members constitutes not less than 10 percent of the membership of the committee.