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H.Con.Res. 321 (110th): Expressing the need for a more comprehensive diplomatic initiative led by the United States, Iraq, and the international community.

The text of the bill below is as of Apr 2, 2008 (Introduced).



2d Session

H. CON. RES. 321


April 2, 2008

(for himself, Mr. Cummings, Mr. Jones of North Carolina, Mr. Meeks of New York, Mr. Johnson of Illinois, Mr. Murtha, Mr. Reyes, Mr. Shays, Mr. English of Pennsylvania, Ms. Kaptur, and Ms. Baldwin) submitted the following concurrent resolution; which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and in addition to the Committee on Armed Services, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned


Expressing the need for a more comprehensive diplomatic initiative led by the United States, Iraq, and the international community.

Whereas it is in the foreign policy and national security interests of the United States to foster and strengthen peace and security in Iraq and the broader Middle East region, which will require a more comprehensive international support structure involving Iraq’s neighboring countries, other pertinent and influential countries in and outside the region, international organizations, and nongovernmental organizations;

Whereas the removal of Saddam Hussein has resulted in a fundamental change in the composition and structure of Iraq’s Government, and of provincial and tribal leadership;

Whereas the removal of Saddam Hussein has resulted in violent multi-layered conflicts of varying insurgencies, counter-insurgencies, and other armed competitions that exist today along religious, cultural, and economic lines;

Whereas the removal of Saddam Hussein has fundamentally altered the relationship between Iraq and neighboring countries, thereby affecting the balance of power in the region;

Whereas the removal of Saddam Hussein has resulted in the democratic election of the Government of Iraq where nearly 7,000,000 Iraqis participated in the voting process;

Whereas elements and actions from outside Iraq’s borders, including neighboring countries, terrorist groups, and rogue elements continue to impede progress towards a more stable and sovereign Iraq;

Whereas Iraqis, with the unrelenting military support from the United States, are facing difficulties to achieve political reconciliation and to independently govern;

Whereas the Iraq Study Group stated that a regional peace conference among Arab nations is a critically important step in helping to end the civil war in Iraq, and bringing peace and stability in the Middle East;

Whereas General Petraeus recently stated in congressional testimony that any student of history recognizes there is no military solution to a problem like that in Iraq, to the insurgency in Iraq; and

Whereas finding a responsible and strategic way forward in Iraq will require international support: Now, therefore, be it

That Congress—


declares that a more comprehensive international support structure must be established to engage Iraq’s political, religious, ethnic, and tribal leaders in an ongoing inclusive political reconciliation and reconstruction process;


declares that the current drawdown and eventual departure of the United States Armed Forces in Iraq be performed in a strategic and responsible manner, in consultation with the Government of Iraq, and must be supported by a comprehensive international and regional diplomatic initiative;


encourages the President and the administration, jointly with Iraq, to initiate, develop, and implement a sustained comprehensive regional and multilateral diplomatic plan of action, in conjunction with the United Nations Security Council, the United Nations Secretary General, Iraq’s neighboring countries, regional organizations as the Arab League, the Organization of the Islamic Conference, and appropriate nongovernmental organizations, relating to issues and actions that impact the situation in Iraq, including—


promoting a national process of reconciliation within Iraq;


curtailing the ongoing civil strife in Iraq that has created insurgency groups amongst civilian militias and related civil organizations;


preventing the spread of violence from Iraq into neighboring countries and fostering a collective security arrangement between Iraq with neighboring countries to secure Iraq’s sovereign integrity and border security;


preventing genocide, ethnic cleansing, and other crimes against humanity;


preventing the establishment of safe havens for al Qaeda and other terrorist organizations;


continuing to provide assistance to the Iraqi Security Forces, including military training, education, equipment and technical support, and to encourage the United Nations and regional allies to support this coordinated effort if the Iraqi Government supports this strategic arrangement; and


supporting the formation of an international consortium for relief and reconstruction in Iraq;


urges the President and the administration, jointly with Iraq, the United Nations, and regional organizations, to expeditiously engage in bilateral and multilateral talks and conferences with Iraq’s neighboring countries, and specifically—


recommends the implementation of the International Compact for Iraq and recommendations 9 and 13 of the Iraq Study Group Report, including—


implementing recommendation 9, which states, “Under the aegis of the New Diplomatic Offensive and the Support Group, the United States should engage directly with Iran and Syria in order to try to obtain their commitment to constructive policies toward Iraq and other regional issues. In engaging with Syria and Iran, the United States should consider incentives, as well as disincentives, in seeking constructive results”; and


implementing recommendation 13, which states, There must be a renewed and sustained commitment by the United States to a comprehensive Arab-Israeli peace on all fronts;


remains resolved that the interests of the people of Iraq, United States allies, and the greater Middle East region should be paramount in establishing regional and international assistance and aid to ensure the unity and integrity of Iraq so as to safeguard the establishment of a cohesive government in Iraq;


encourages the international community, regional organizations, and the United States, in consultation with the Government of Iraq, to continue efforts to strengthen the Iraqi Security Forces and, to the extent practicable, to police human rights violations;


recognizes that as part of a diplomatic initiative in Iraq, the President should transmit to the Congress, in classified and unclassified form, a comprehensive regional stability plan for Iraq, which shall include diplomatic, political, and economic strategic measures;


urges sustained commitment of Iraq, the United States, countries in the Middle East, and the international community, in consultation with the United Nations and pertinent regional and non-governmental organizations, to develop and raise funding for the reconstruction of Iraq and to provide relief to the Iraqi people, including for purposes of—


assisting efforts to deal with the humanitarian impact of the war in Iraq, particularly civilian displacement and Iraqi refugees;


developing an Iraq corps of engineers;


encouraging the use of Iraqi engineers, contractors, tradesmen, and construction workers in the reconstruction process;


surveying and performing proper restoration of Iraq’s world cultural sites;


supporting efforts by the Iraqi Government for an equitable distribution of oil revenues to the Iraqi people; and


encouraging initiatives to assist in rebuilding Iraq’s infrastructure, including public health, transportation, physical plants, educational, and utilities systems;


expresses its deep and sincere gratitude to the coalition forces and other international supporters for their contribution and sacrifice in the collective efforts to bring peace and stability to Iraq;


expresses its sincere condolences to the families of the many Iraqis who have died, and to the many Iraqis who have been displaced or wounded in their struggle to gain a measure of freedom; and


recognizes that the United States Government and the American people owe a debt of gratitude to the young men and women who have honorably served in Iraq and now deserve comprehensive rehabilitation, physical, mental, educational, and economic assistance.