H.R. 1400 (110th): Iran Counter-Proliferation Act of 2007

Introduced:
Mar 08, 2007 (110th Congress, 2007–2009)
Status:
Died (Passed House)
Sponsor
Tom Lantos
Representative for California's 12th congressional district
Party
Democrat
Text
Read Text »
Last Updated
Sep 26, 2007
Length
29 pages
 
Status

This bill was introduced in a previous session of Congress and was passed by the House on September 25, 2007 but was never passed by the Senate.

Progress
Introduced Mar 08, 2007
Referred to Committee Mar 08, 2007
Reported by Committee Jun 26, 2007
Passed House Sep 25, 2007
 
Full Title

To enhance United States diplomatic efforts with respect to Iran by imposing additional economic sanctions against Iran, and for other purposes.

Summary

No summaries available.

Votes
On Motion to Suspend the Rules and Pass, as Amended
Sep 25, 2007 11:42 a.m.
Passed 397/16

Cosponsors
325 cosponsors (164D, 161R) (show)
Committees

House Financial Services

House Foreign Affairs

House Oversight and Government Reform

House Judiciary

House Ways and Means

Trade

Senate Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs

The committee chair determines whether a bill will move past the committee stage.

 
Primary Source

THOMAS.gov (The Library of Congress)

GovTrack gets most information from THOMAS, which is updated generally one day after events occur. Activity since the last update may not be reflected here. Data comes via the congress project.

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Notes

H.R. stands for House of Representatives bill.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the president to become law.

The bill’s title was written by its sponsor.

GovTrack’s Bill Summary

We don’t have a summary available yet.

Library of Congress Summary

The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.


9/25/2007--Passed House amended.
Iran Counter-Proliferation Act of 2007 -
Title I - Support for Diplomatic Efforts Relating to Preventing Iran from Acquiring Nuclear Weapons
Section 101 -
Expresses the sense of Congress that:
(1) the United States should use diplomatic and economic means to resolve the Iranian nuclear problem;
(2) the United States should continue to support efforts in the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the U.N. Security Council to end Iran's uranium enrichment and nuclear weapons programs;
(3) Security Council Resolution 1737 was a useful first step toward pressing Iran to end its nuclear weapons program; and
(4) in light of Iran's continued defiance of the international community the Security Council should adopt additional measures against Iran, including measures to prohibit investments in Iran's energy sector.
Section 102 -
States that nothing in this Act shall be construed as authorizing the use of force or the use of the U.S. Armed Forces against Iran.
Title II - Additional Bilateral Sanctions Against Iran
Section 201 -
Subjects a parent company to sanctions for activities of an entity for an act outside the United States which if committed in the United States or by a U.S. person would violate Executive Order No. 12959, Executive Order No. 13059, or any other prohibition on transactions with respect to Iran under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act if the entity was created or availed of in order to engage in such an act.
States that such provision shall not apply to any act carried out under a contract or other obligation of any entity if:
(1) the contract or obligation existed on May 22, 2007, unless such contract or obligation is extended in time or expanded to cover additional activities; or
(2) the parent company acquired the entity not knowing and not having reason to know that such contract or other obligation existed, unless the contract or other obligation is extended in time or expanded to cover additional activities beyond the terms of such contract or other obligation as it existed at the time of acquisition.
Defines "parent company," "United States person," and "entity."
Section 202 -
Prohibits importation into the United States of Iranian carpets and certain food items.
Section 203 -
Prohibits: (1) issuance of licenses (and makes existing licenses invalid) to export or reexport civil aviation goods, services, or technology to Iran; and (2) the export or reexport of such goods, services, or technology to Iran.
Section 204 -
Provides for a one-year, $1 increase for processing machine readable nonimmigrant visas and combined border crossing identification cards and nonimmigrant visas, effective within 120 days of enactment of this Act.
Title III - Amendments to the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996
Section 301 -
Amends the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 to direct the President to report every six months (under current law, periodically) to the appropriate congressional committees respecting diplomatic activity to establish multilateral sanctions against Iran. Revises report requirements.
Section 302 -
Requires the imposition of government procurement sanctions as part of the sanctions against a person contributing to Iran's petroleum resources.
Authorizes the imposition of additional sanctions on the principal executive officer or officers of any sanctioned person, or on persons performing similar functions as such officer or officers, including blocking such person's property or its transfer to the same extent as the property of a foreign person determined to have committed acts of terrorism.
Section 304 -
Directs the President to report by January 30, 2008, and every six months thereafter, to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations (Committees) respecting investment and pre-investment activity by any person or entity that could contribute to Iran's ability to develop petroleum resources, and U.S. steps in response to such activity.
Defines "investment" and "pre-investment activity."
Section 305 -
Redefines "person" to include a financial institution, insurer, underwriter, guarantor, other business organization, foreign subsidiary, or an export credit agency to the extent that it is a governmental agency operating as a business enterprise.
Includes: (1) transportation by tanker within the definitions of "develop" or "development"; and (2) the sale of an oil tanker or liquefied natural gas tanker within the definition of "investment."
Section 306 -
Eliminates the national security waivers for imposition of sanctions.
Section 308 -
States that sections 302, 305, and 306 of this Act shall apply with respect to acts done on or after August 3, 2007.
Title IV - Additional Measures
Section 401 -
Directs the President to determine and report to the Committees whether the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) should be: (1) designated as a foreign terrorist organization; (2) placed on the list of designated global terrorists; and (3) placed on the list of weapons of mass destruction proliferators and their supporters.
Authorizes the President to block all property and property interests, to the same extent as the property of a foreign person determined to have committed acts of terrorism, of persons who assist or provide financial, material, technological support, or services for the IRGC or IRGC-owned or -controlled entities.
Defines "specially designated global terrorist" and "weapons of mass destruction proliferators and their supporters."
Section 402 -
Authorizes FY2008-FY2010 appropriations for: (1) the Department of the Treasury's Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence; and (2) the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network.
Section 403 -
Authorizes the President to carry out exchange programs with the people of Iran, particularly the young people of Iran. Authorizes FY2008 appropriations.
Section 404 -
Directs the President to reduce annual U.S. contributions to the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank) based upon Bank amounts provided to entities and projects in Iran.
Section 405 -
States that no cooperative agreement between the United States and Russia or any country that is assisting Iran's nuclear program or transferring advanced conventional weapons or missiles to Iran may be submitted to the President or to Congress, no such agreement may enter into force, no license may be issued for export of any nuclear material, facilities, components, or other goods, services, or technology that would be subject to such agreement, and no approval may be given for the transfer or retransfer to such country of any nuclear material, facilities, components, or other goods, services, or technology that would be subject to such agreement, until the President determines and reports to the Committees that:
(1) Iran has ceased its efforts to design, develop, or acquire a nuclear explosive device or related materials or technology; and
(2) the government of the country that is assisting Iran's nuclear program or transferring advanced conventional weapons or missiles to Iran has suspended, and agreed to maintain the suspension of, such activities.
Defines "agreement for cooperation," "assisting the nuclear program of Iran," and "country that is assisting the nuclear program of Iran or transferring advanced conventional weapons or missiles to Iran."
Title V - Miscellaneous Provisions
Section 501 -
States that restrictions respecting Iran in sections 203, 404, and 405 of this Act shall not have effect if the President determines and certifies to the Committees that Iran: (1) has ended efforts to develop or acquire nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons, or ballistic missiles; (2) has been removed from the list of countries supporting international terrorism; and (3) poses no significant threat to U.S. national security, interests, or allies.

House Republican Conference Summary

The summary below was written by the House Republican Conference, which is the caucus of Republicans in the House of Representatives.


No summary available.

House Democratic Caucus Summary

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