H.R. 1593 (110th): Second Chance Act of 2007

Introduced:
Mar 20, 2007 (110th Congress, 2007–2009)
Status:
Signed by the President
Slip Law:
This bill became Pub.L. 110-199.
Sponsor
Danny Davis
Representative for Illinois's 7th congressional district
Party
Democrat
Text
Read Text »
Last Updated
Mar 13, 2008
Length
38 pages
Related Bills
H.Con.Res. 270 (Related)
To make corrections in the enrollment of the bill H.R. 1593.

Agreed To (Concurrent Resolution)
Mar 11, 2008

S. 1060 (Related)
Recidivism Reduction and Second Chance Act of 2007

Reported by Committee
Last Action: Aug 02, 2007

 
Status

This bill was enacted after being signed by the President on April 9, 2008.

Progress
Introduced Mar 20, 2007
Referred to Committee Mar 20, 2007
Reported by Committee Mar 28, 2007
Passed House Nov 13, 2007
Passed Senate Mar 11, 2008
Signed by the President Apr 09, 2008
 
Full Title

To reauthorize the grant program for reentry of offenders into the community in the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, to improve reentry planning and implementation, and for other purposes.

Summary

No summaries available.

Votes
On Motion to Suspend the Rules and Pass, as Amended
Nov 13, 2007 7:16 p.m.
Passed 347/62

Cosponsors
92 cosponsors (66D, 26R) (show)
Committees

House Judiciary

Crime, Terrorism, Homeland Security, and Investigations

Senate Judiciary

The committee chair determines whether a bill will move past the committee stage.

 
Primary Source

THOMAS.gov (The Library of Congress)

GovTrack gets most information from THOMAS, which is updated generally one day after events occur. Activity since the last update may not be reflected here. Data comes via the congress project.

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Notes

H.R. stands for House of Representatives bill.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the president to become law.

GovTrack’s Bill Summary

We don’t have a summary available yet.

Library of Congress Summary

The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.


4/9/2008--Public Law.
Second Chance Act of 2007: Community Safety Through Recidivism Prevention or the Second Chance Act of 2007 -
Section 5 -
Requires the Attorney General, not later than January 31 of each year, to submit all reports required by this Act during the preceding year to the Judiciary Committees of Congress.
Title I - Amendments Related To The Omnibus Crime Control And Safe Streets Act of 1968
Subtitle A - Improvements to Existing Programs
Section 101 -
Amends the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 to reauthorize, rewrite, and expand provisions for adult and juvenile offender state and local reentry demonstration projects to provide expanded services to offenders and their families for reentry into society.
Sets forth provisions relating to grant applications, requirements for grants, priorities in awarding grants, and reentry plan performance measurements. Requires grant recipients to: (1) develop comprehensive strategic reentry plans containing measurable annual and five-year performance outcomes; and (2) establish or empower reentry task forces to promote lower recidivism. Limits the federal share of a grant to 50% of the project funded under such grant.
Authorizes the Attorney General to provide for the establishment of a National Adult and Juvenile Offender Reentry Resource Center to collect data and assist grantees in carrying out offender reentry programs.
Authorizes appropriations for FY2009-FY2010. Limits funding for technical assistance and training to not more than 3% or less than 2% of available funds. Requires the Attorney General to ensure that grants are distributed equitably among the geographical regions and between urban and rural populations, including Indian tribes.
Section 102 -
Requires states receiving funds under the Residential Substance Abuse Treatment program to provide aftercare services, including case management services and other support services. Requires the Attorney General to conduct a study on the use and effectiveness of funds used for aftercare services.
Section 103 -
Revises the definition of "violent offender" for purposes of the drug court grant program to include an offender who has been convicted of an offense punishable by a prison term of more than one year. Requires grantees to adopt such revised definition within three years after the enactment of this Act. Requires the Secretary of Health and Human Services to revise regulations to incorporate the revised definition.
Section 104 -
Authorizes the use of violent offender truth-in-sentencing grant funds under the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 for offender reentry demonstration projects.
Subtitle B - New and Innovative Programs To Improve Offender Reentry Services
Section 111 -
Authorizes the Attorney General to award grants up to $500,000 to establish state, local, and tribal reentry courts to monitor offenders and provide them with access to comprehensive reentry services and programs, including programs for drug and alcohol testing and assessment for treatment. Requires grantees to report annually to the Attorney General on the activities of reentry courts.
Section 112 -
Authorizes the Attorney General to make grants to state, tribal, and local prosecutors for drug treatment programs that are alternatives to imprisonment.
Section 113 -
Authorizes the Attorney General to make grants for family substance abuse treatment alternatives to incarceration for nonviolent parent drug offenders and for prison-based family treatment programs for incarcerated parents of minor children.
Section 114 -
Authorizes the Attorney General to carry out a grant program to evaluate methods to improve academic and vocational education for offenders in prison, jails, and juvenile facilities.
Section 115 -
Directs the Attorney General to make grants for providing technology career training to prisoners.
Authorizes appropriations for FY2009-FY2010.
Title II - Enhanced Drug Treatment And Mentoring Grant Programs
Subtitle A - Drug Treatment
Section 201 -
Authorizes the Attorney General to make grants to:
(1) improve drug treatment for federal inmates; and
(2) reduce the use of alcohol and other drugs by long-term substance abusers while incarcerated or during periods of parole or court supervision.
Requires the Attorney General to submit to Congress:
(1) an interim report by September 30, 2009, on the best practices for substance abuse treatment in prisons and treatment of long-term substance abusers; and
(2) a final report by September 30, 2010, on funded programs.
Authorizes appropriations for FY2009-FY2010.
Subtitle B - Mentoring
Section 211 -
Requires the Attorney General to make grants to nonprofit organizations for providing mentoring and other transitional services for reintegrating offenders into the community.
Section 212 -
Authorizes the Secretary of Labor to make grants to nonprofit organizations to provide mentoring, job training and placement services, and other services to assist certain non-violent offenders in obtaining and retaining employment.
Authorizes appropriations for FY2009-FY2010.
Section 213 -
Requires the Director of the Bureau of Prisons to: (1) adopt and implement a policy allowing the continuation of mentoring services to offenders after their release from prison; and (2) report to Congress by September 30, 2009, on the implementation of such policy.
Section 214 -
Requires the Director to discontinue the Standardized Chapel Library project or any other project that limits prisoner access to reading and other educational material.
Subtitle C - Administration of Justice Reforms
Chapter 1: Improving Federal Offender Reentry -
Section 231 -
Requires the Attorney General, in coordination with the Director of the Bureau of Prisons, to establish a federal prisoner reentry initiative to prepare prisoners for release and successful reintegration into the community.
Requires the Director to assist prisoners in obtaining identification documents (e.g., birth certificates and social security cards) prior to release from prison.
Directs the Attorney General to modify the policies and procedures of the Department of Justice (DOJ) for transition of offenders into the community.
Expands the duties of the Director to include reentry planning procedures to provide federal prisoners with information on health and nutrition, employment, literacy and education, and other matters to assist in reentry into the community.
Requires the Director to report to the Judiciary Committees of Congress annually on:
(1) the progress of the Bureau of Prisons in responding to the reentry needs and deficits of inmates; and
(2) recidivism reduction.
Requires the adoption of performance measures and goals for reentry and recidivism reduction programs of the Bureau of Prisons.
Requires the Attorney General to: (1) take steps to educate employers on initiatives for hiring former federal, state, or local prisoners; and (2) conduct a pilot program for removing nonviolent elderly offenders (not less than age 65) from prison and placing them on home detention.
Requires the Bureau of Prisons to ensure prisoners in community confinement facilities continued access to medical care.
Authorizes the Director of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, in consultation with the Attorney General, to establish the Federal Remote Satellite Tracking and Reentry Training (ReStart) program to promote the effective reentry into the community of high risk individuals (i.e., individuals who violated terms of release or are at a high risk of recidivism). Authorizes appropriations for FY2009-FY2010.
Section 232 -
Requires the Attorney General to report to Congress on DOJ practices and policies for the use of physical restraints on pregnant female prisoners.
Chapter 2: Reentry Research -
Section 241 -
Authorizes the National Institute of Justice and the Bureau of Justice Standards to conduct research on juvenile and adult offender reentry.
Section 242 -
Authorizes the Attorney General to award grants to study parole and post-supervision revocation data and community safety issues.
Section 243 -
Authorizes the Attorney General to collect data and develop best practices for coordinating the efforts of state correctional departments and child protection agencies to ensure the safety and support of children of incarcerated parents and the support of relationships between incarcerated parents and their children. Expresses the sense of Congress that states and other entities should use the best practices developed by the Attorney General to protect children of incarcerated parents.
Section 244 -
Authorizes the Attorney General to make grants to public and private research entities to evaluate the effectiveness of depot naltrexone for the treatment of heroin addiction.
Section 245 -
Authorizes appropriations for FY2009-FY2010.
Chapter 3: Correctional Reforms to Existing Law -
Section 251 -
Amends federal criminal code prerelease provisions to expand the authority of the Director of the Bureau of Prisons to place prisoners in a community corrections facility. Requires the Director to report to the Judiciary Committees of Congress on the use of community corrections facilities and issue regulations on placement of offenders in such facilities.
Prohibits courts from entering orders requiring that a sentence of imprisonment be served in a community corrections facility.
Section 252 -
Redefines "residential substance abuse treatment" for offenders to allow: (1) an extended treatment period; and (2) the use of pharmocotherapies.
Section 253 -
Expands the authority of the Director of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts to contract for reentry services for offenders.
Chapter 4: Miscellaneous Provisions -
Section 261 -
Amends the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 to extend the date for the report of the National Prison Rape Elimination Commission on the impacts of prison rape, thus extending the Commission's termination date.

House Republican Conference Summary

The summary below was written by the House Republican Conference, which is the caucus of Republicans in the House of Representatives.


No summary available.

House Democratic Caucus Summary

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