H.R. 1593 (110th): Second Chance Act of 2007

110th Congress, 2007–2009. Text as of Mar 13, 2008 (Passed Congress/Enrolled Bill).

Status & Summary | PDF | Source: GPO

I

One Hundred Tenth Congress of the United States of America

At the Second Session

H. R. 1593

AN ACT

To reauthorize the grant program for reentry of offenders into the community in the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, to improve reentry planning and implementation, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Second Chance Act of 2007: Community Safety Through Recidivism Prevention or the Second Chance Act of 2007.

2.

Table of contents

The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.

Sec. 2. Table of contents.

Sec. 3. Purposes; findings.

Sec. 4. Definition of Indian tribe.

Sec. 5. Submission of reports to Congress.

Sec. 6. Rule of construction.

Title I—AMENDMENTS RELATED TO THE OMNIBUS CRIME CONTROL AND SAFE STREETS ACT OF 1968

Subtitle A—Improvements to Existing Programs

Sec. 101. Reauthorization of adult and juvenile offender State and local reentry demonstration projects.

Sec. 102. Improvement of the residential substance abuse treatment for State offenders program.

Sec. 103 Definition of violent offender for drug court grant program.

Sec. 104. Use of violent offender truth-in-sentencing grant funding for demonstration project activities.

Subtitle B—New and Innovative Programs To Improve Offender Reentry Services

Sec. 111. State, tribal, and local reentry courts.

Sec. 112. Prosecution drug treatment alternative to prison programs.

Sec. 113. Grants for family-based substance abuse treatment.

Sec. 114. Grant to evaluate and improve education at prisons, jails, and juvenile facilities.

Sec. 115. Technology Careers Training Demonstration Grants.

Title II—ENHANCED DRUG TREATMENT AND MENTORING GRANT PROGRAMS

Subtitle A—Drug Treatment

Sec. 201. Offender reentry substance abuse and criminal justice collaboration program.

Subtitle B—Mentoring

Sec. 211. Mentoring grants to nonprofit organizations.

Sec. 212. Responsible reintegration of offenders.

Sec. 213. Bureau of prisons policy on mentoring contacts.

Sec. 214. Bureau of prisons policy on chapel library materials.

Subtitle C—Administration of Justice Reforms

Chapter 1—Improving Federal Offender Reentry

Sec. 231. Federal prisoner reentry initiative.

Sec. 232. Bureau of prisons policy on restraining of female prisoners.

Chapter 2—Reentry Research

Sec. 241. Offender reentry research.

Sec. 242. Grants to study parole or post-incarceration supervision violations and revocations.

Sec. 243. Addressing the needs of children of incarcerated parents.

Sec. 244. Study of effectiveness of depot naltrexone for heroin addiction.

Sec. 245. Authorization of appropriations for research.

Chapter 3—Correctional Reforms to Existing Law

Sec. 251. Clarification of authority to place prisoner in community corrections.

Sec. 252. Residential drug abuse program in Federal prisons.

Sec. 253. Contracting for services for post-conviction supervision offenders.

Chapter 4—Miscellaneous Provisions

Sec. 261. Extension of national prison rape elimination commission.

3.

Purposes; findings

(a)

Purposes

The purposes of the Act are—

(1)

to break the cycle of criminal recidivism, increase public safety, and help States, local units of government, and Indian Tribes, better address the growing population of criminal offenders who return to their communities and commit new crimes;

(2)

to rebuild ties between offenders and their families, while the offenders are incarcerated and after reentry into the community, to promote stable families and communities;

(3)

to encourage the development and support of, and to expand the availability of, evidence-based programs that enhance public safety and reduce recidivism, such as substance abuse treatment, alternatives to incarceration, and comprehensive reentry services;

(4)

to protect the public and promote law-abiding conduct by providing necessary services to offenders, while the offenders are incarcerated and after reentry into the community, in a manner that does not confer luxuries or privileges upon such offenders;

(5)

to assist offenders reentering the community from incarceration to establish a self-sustaining and law-abiding life by providing sufficient transitional services for as short of a period as practicable, not to exceed one year, unless a longer period is specifically determined to be necessary by a medical or other appropriate treatment professional; and

(6)

to provide offenders in prisons, jails or juvenile facilities with educational, literacy, vocational, and job placement services to facilitate re-entry into the community.

(b)

Findings

Congress finds the following:

(1)

In 2002, over 7,000,000 people were incarcerated in Federal or State prisons or in local jails. Nearly 650,000 people are released from Federal and State incarceration into communities nationwide each year.

(2)

There are over 3,200 jails throughout the United States, the vast majority of which are operated by county governments. Each year, these jails will release more than 10,000,000 people back into the community.

(3)

Recent studies indicate that over 2/3 of released State prisoners are expected to be rearrested for a felony or serious misdemeanor within 3 years after release.

(4)

According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, expenditures on corrections alone increased from $9,000,000,000 in 1982, to $59,600,000,000 in 2002. These figures do not include the cost of arrest and prosecution, nor do they take into account the cost to victims.

(5)

The Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative (SVORI) provided $139,000,000 in funding for State governments to develop and implement education, job training, mental health treatment, and substance abuse treatment for serious and violent offenders. This Act seeks to build upon the innovative and successful State reentry programs developed under the SVORI, which terminated after fiscal year 2005.

(6)

Between 1991 and 1999, the number of children with a parent in a Federal or State correctional facility increased by more than 100 percent, from approximately 900,000 to approximately 2,000,000. According to the Bureau of Prisons, there is evidence to suggest that inmates who are connected to their children and families are more likely to avoid negative incidents and have reduced sentences.

(7)

Released prisoners cite family support as the most important factor in helping them stay out of prison. Research suggests that families are an often underutilized resource in the reentry process.

(8)

Approximately 100,000 juveniles (ages 17 years and under) leave juvenile correctional facilities, State prison, or Federal prison each year. Juveniles released from secure confinement still have their likely prime crime years ahead of them. Juveniles released from secure confinement have a recidivism rate ranging from 55 to 75 percent. The chances that young people will successfully transition into society improve with effective reentry and aftercare programs.

(9)

Studies have shown that between 15 percent and 27 percent of prisoners expect to go to homeless shelters upon release from prison.

(10)

Fifty-seven percent of Federal and 70 percent of State inmates used drugs regularly before going to prison, and the Bureau of Justice statistics report titled Trends in State Parole, 1990–2000 estimates the use of drugs or alcohol around the time of the offense that resulted in the incarceration of the inmate at as high as 84 percent.

(11)

Family-based treatment programs have proven results for serving the special populations of female offenders and substance abusers with children. An evaluation by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration of family-based treatment for substance-abusing mothers and children found that 6 months after such treatment, 60 percent of the mothers remained alcohol and drug free, and drug-related offenses declined from 28 percent to 7 percent. Additionally, a 2003 evaluation of residential family-based treatment programs revealed that 60 percent of mothers remained clean and sober 6 months after treatment, criminal arrests declined by 43 percent, and 88 percent of the children treated in the program with their mothers remained stabilized.

(12)

A Bureau of Justice Statistics analysis indicated that only 33 percent of Federal inmates and 36 percent of State inmates had participated in residential in-patient treatment programs for alcohol and drug abuse 12 months before their release. Further, over one-third of all jail inmates have some physical or mental disability and 25 percent of jail inmates have been treated at some time for a mental or emotional problem.

(13)

State Substance Abuse Agency Directors, also known as Single State Authorities, manage the publicly funded substance abuse prevention and treatment system of the Nation. Single State Authorities are responsible for planning and implementing statewide systems of care that provide clinically appropriate substance abuse services. Given the high rate of substance use disorders among offenders reentering our communities, successful reentry programs require close interaction and collaboration with each Single State Authority as the program is planned, implemented, and evaluated.

(14)

According to the National Institute of Literacy, 70 percent of all prisoners function at the lowest literacy levels.

(15)

Less than 32 percent of State prison inmates have a high school diploma or a higher level of education, compared to 82 percent of the general population.

(16)

Approximately 38 percent of inmates who completed 11 years or less of school were not working before entry into prison.

(17)

The percentage of State prisoners participating in educational programs decreased by more than 8 percent between 1991 and 1997, despite growing evidence of how educational programming while incarcerated reduces recidivism.

(18)

The National Institute of Justice has found that 1 year after release, up to 60 percent of former inmates are not employed.

(19)

Transitional jobs programs have proven to help people with criminal records to successfully return to the workplace and to the community, and therefore can reduce recidivism.

4.

Definition of Indian tribe

In this Act, the term Indian Tribe has the meaning given that term in section 901 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3791).

5.

Submission of reports to Congress

Not later than January 31 of each year, the Attorney General shall submit to the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives each report required by the Attorney General under this Act or an amendment made by this Act during the preceding year.

6.

Rule of construction

Nothing in this Act or an amendment made by this Act shall be construed as creating a right or entitlement to assistance or services for any individual, program, or grant recipient. Each grant made under this Act or an amendment made by this Act shall—

(1)

be made as competitive grants to eligible entities for a 12-month period, except that grants awarded under section 113, 201, 211, and 212 may be made for a 24-month period; and

(2)

require that services for participants, when necessary and appropriate, be transferred from programs funded under this Act or the amendment made by this Act, respectively, to State and community-based programs not funded under this Act or the amendment made by this Act, respectively, before the expiration of the grant.

I

AMENDMENTS RELATED TO THE OMNIBUS CRIME CONTROL AND SAFE STREETS ACT OF 1968

A

Improvements to Existing Programs

101.

Reauthorization of adult and juvenile offender State and local reentry demonstration projects

(a)

Adult and juvenile offender demonstration projects authorized

Section 2976(b) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3797w(b)) is amended by striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the following:

(1)

providing offenders in prisons, jails, or juvenile facilities with educational, literacy, vocational, and job placement services to facilitate re-entry into the community;

(2)

providing substance abuse treatment and services (including providing a full continuum of substance abuse treatment services that encompasses outpatient and comprehensive residential services and recovery);

(3)

providing coordinated supervision and comprehensive services for offenders upon release from prison, jail, or a juvenile facility, including housing and mental and physical health care to facilitate re-entry into the community, and which, to the extent applicable, are provided by community-based entities (including coordinated reentry veteran-specific services for eligible veterans);

(4)

providing programs that—

(A)

encourage offenders to develop safe, healthy, and responsible family relationships and parent-child relationships; and

(B)

involve the entire family unit in comprehensive reentry services (as appropriate to the safety, security, and well-being of the family and child);

(5)

encouraging the involvement of prison, jail, or juvenile facility mentors in the reentry process and enabling those mentors to remain in contact with offenders while in custody and after reentry into the community;

(6)

providing victim-appropriate services, encouraging the timely and complete payment of restitution and fines by offenders to victims, and providing services such as security and counseling to victims upon release of offenders; and

(7)

protecting communities against dangerous offenders by using validated assessment tools to assess the risk factors of returning inmates and developing or adopting procedures to ensure that dangerous felons are not released from prison prematurely.

.

(b)

Juvenile offender demonstration projects reauthorized

Section 2976(c) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3797w(c)) is amended by striking may be expended for and all that follows through the period at the end and inserting may be expended for any activity described in subsection (b)..

(c)

Applications; requirements; priorities; performance measurements

Section 2976 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3797w) is amended—

(1)

by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (o); and

(2)

by striking subsections (d) through (g) and inserting the following:

(d)

Applications

A State, unit of local government, territory, or Indian Tribe, or combination thereof, desiring a grant under this section shall submit an application to the Attorney General that—

(1)

contains a reentry strategic plan, as described in subsection (h), which describes the long-term strategy and incorporates a detailed implementation schedule, including the plans of the applicant to pay for the program after the Federal funding is discontinued;

(2)

identifies the local government role and the role of governmental agencies and nonprofit organizations that will be coordinated by, and that will collaborate on, the offender reentry strategy of the applicant, and certifies the involvement of such agencies and organizations;

(3)

describes the evidence-based methodology and outcome measures that will be used to evaluate the program funded with a grant under this section, and specifically explains how such measurements will provide valid measures of the impact of that program; and

(4)

describes how the project could be broadly replicated if demonstrated to be effective.

(e)

Requirements

The Attorney General may make a grant to an applicant under this section only if the application—

(1)

reflects explicit support of the chief executive officer of the State, unit of local government, territory, or Indian Tribe applying for a grant under this section;

(2)

provides extensive discussion of the role of State corrections departments, community corrections agencies, juvenile justice systems, or local jail systems in ensuring successful reentry of offenders into their communities;

(3)

provides extensive evidence of collaboration with State and local government agencies overseeing health, housing, child welfare, education, substance abuse, victims services, and employment services, and with local law enforcement agencies;

(4)

provides a plan for analysis of the statutory, regulatory, rules-based, and practice-based hurdles to reintegration of offenders into the community; and

(5)

includes the use of a State, local, territorial, or Tribal task force, described in subsection (i), to carry out the activities funded under the grant.

(f)

Priority considerations

The Attorney General shall give priority to grant applications under this section that best—

(1)

focus initiative on geographic areas with a disproportionate population of offenders released from prisons, jails, and juvenile facilities;

(2)

include—

(A)

input from nonprofit organizations, in any case where relevant input is available and appropriate to the grant application;

(B)

consultation with crime victims and offenders who are released from prisons, jails, and juvenile facilities; and

(C)

coordination with families of offenders;

(3)

demonstrate effective case assessment and management abilities in order to provide comprehensive and continuous reentry, including—

(A)

planning while offenders are in prison, jail, or a juvenile facility, prerelease transition housing, and community release;

(B)

establishing prerelease planning procedures to ensure that the eligibility of an offender for Federal or State benefits upon release is established prior to release, subject to any limitations in law, and to ensure that offenders obtain all necessary referrals for reentry services; and

(C)

delivery of continuous and appropriate drug treatment, medical care, job training and placement, educational services, or any other service or support needed for reentry;

(4)

review the process by which the applicant adjudicates violations of parole, probation, or supervision following release from prison, jail, or a juvenile facility, taking into account public safety and the use of graduated, community-based sanctions for minor and technical violations of parole, probation, or supervision (specifically those violations that are not otherwise, and independently, a violation of law);

(5)

provide for an independent evaluation of reentry programs that include, to the maximum extent possible, random assignment and controlled studies to determine the effectiveness of such programs; and

(6)

target high-risk offenders for reentry programs through validated assessment tools.

(g)

Uses of grant funds

(1)

Federal share

(A)

In general

The Federal share of a grant received under this section may not exceed 50 percent of the project funded under such grant.

(B)

In-kind contributions

(i)

In general

Subject to clause (ii), the recipient of a grant under this section may meet the matching requirement under subparagraph (A) by making in-kind contributions of goods or services that are directly related to the purpose for which such grant was awarded.

(ii)

Maximum percentage

Not more than 50 percent of the amount provided by a recipient of a grant under this section to meet the matching requirement under subparagraph (A) may be provided through in-kind contributions under clause (i).

(2)

Supplement not supplant

Federal funds received under this section shall be used to supplement, not supplant, non-Federal funds that would otherwise be available for the activities funded under this section.

(h)

Reentry strategic plan

(1)

In general

As a condition of receiving financial assistance under this section, each applicant shall develop a comprehensive strategic reentry plan that contains measurable annual and 5-year performance outcomes, and that uses, to the maximum extent possible, random assigned and controlled studies to determine the effectiveness of the program funded with a grant under this section. One goal of that plan shall be to reduce the rate of recidivism (as defined by the Attorney General, consistent with the research on offender reentry undertaken by the Bureau of Justice Statistics) by 50 percent over a 5-year period for offenders released from prison, jail, or a juvenile facility who are served with funds made available under this section.

(2)

Coordination

In developing a reentry plan under this subsection, an applicant shall coordinate with communities and stakeholders, including persons in the fields of public safety, juvenile and adult corrections, housing, health, education, substance abuse, children and families, victims services, employment, and business and members of nonprofit organizations that can provide reentry services.

(3)

Measurements of progress

Each reentry plan developed under this subsection shall measure the progress of the applicant toward increasing public safety by reducing rates of recidivism and enabling released offenders to transition successfully back into their communities.

(i)

Reentry task force

(1)

In general

As a condition of receiving financial assistance under this section, each applicant shall establish or empower a Reentry Task Force, or other relevant convening authority, to—

(A)

examine ways to pool resources and funding streams to promote lower recidivism rates for returning offenders and minimize the harmful effects of offenders’ time in prison, jail, or a juvenile facility on families and communities of offenders by collecting data and best practices in offender reentry from demonstration grantees and other agencies and organizations; and

(B)

provide the analysis described in subsection (e)(4).

(2)

Membership

The task force or other authority under this subsection shall be comprised of—

(A)

relevant State, Tribal, territorial, or local leaders; and

(B)

representatives of relevant—

(i)

agencies;

(ii)

service providers;

(iii)

nonprofit organizations; and

(iv)

stakeholders.

(j)

Strategic performance outcomes

(1)

In general

Each applicant shall identify in the reentry strategic plan developed under subsection (h), specific performance outcomes relating to the long-term goals of increasing public safety and reducing recidivism.

(2)

Performance outcomes

The performance outcomes identified under paragraph (1) shall include, with respect to offenders released back into the community—

(A)

reduction in recidivism rates, which shall be reported in accordance with the measure selected by the Director of the Bureau of Justice Statistics under section 234(c)(2) of the Second Chance Act of 2007;

(B)

reduction in crime;

(C)

increased employment and education opportunities;

(D)

reduction in violations of conditions of supervised release;

(E)

increased payment of child support;

(F)

increased housing opportunities;

(G)

reduction in drug and alcohol abuse; and

(H)

increased participation in substance abuse and mental health services.

(3)

Other outcomes

A grantee under this section may include in the reentry strategic plan developed under subsection (h) other performance outcomes that increase the success rates of offenders who transition from prison, jails, or juvenile facilities.

(4)

Coordination

A grantee under this section shall coordinate with communities and stakeholders about the selection of performance outcomes identified by the applicant, and shall consult with the Attorney General for assistance with data collection and measurement activities as provided for in the grant application materials.

(5)

Report

Each grantee under this section shall submit to the Attorney General an annual report that—

(A)

identifies the progress of the grantee toward achieving its strategic performance outcomes; and

(B)

describes other activities conducted by the grantee to increase the success rates of the reentry population, such as programs that foster effective risk management and treatment programming, offender accountability, and community and victim participation.

(k)

Performance measurement

(1)

In general

The Attorney General, in consultation with grantees under this section, shall—

(A)

identify primary and secondary sources of information to support the measurement of the performance indicators identified under this section;

(B)

identify sources and methods of data collection in support of performance measurement required under this section;

(C)

provide to all grantees technical assistance and training on performance measures and data collection for purposes of this section; and

(D)

consult with the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration and the National Institute on Drug Abuse on strategic performance outcome measures and data collection for purposes of this section relating to substance abuse and mental health.

(2)

Coordination

The Attorney General shall coordinate with other Federal agencies to identify national and other sources of information to support performance measurement of grantees.

(3)

Standards for analysis

Any statistical analysis of population data conducted pursuant to this section shall be conducted in accordance with the Federal Register Notice dated October 30, 1997, relating to classification standards.

(l)

Future eligibility

To be eligible to receive a grant under this section in any fiscal year after the fiscal year in which a grantee receives a grant under this section, a grantee shall submit to the Attorney General such information as is necessary to demonstrate that—

(1)

the grantee has adopted a reentry plan that reflects input from nonprofit organizations, in any case where relevant input is available and appropriate to the grant application;

(2)

the reentry plan of the grantee includes performance measures to assess progress of the grantee toward a 10 percent reduction in the rate of recidivism over a 2-year period;

(3)

the grantee will coordinate with the Attorney General, nonprofit organizations (if relevant input from nonprofit organizations is available and appropriate), and other experts regarding the selection and implementation of the performance measures described in subsection (k); and

(4)

the grantee has made adequate progress, as determined by the Attorney General, toward reducing the rate of recidivism by 10 percent over a 2-year period.

(m)

National adult and juvenile offender reentry resource center

(1)

Authority

The Attorney General may, using amounts made available to carry out this subsection, make a grant to an eligible organization to provide for the establishment of a National Adult and Juvenile Offender Reentry Resource Center.

(2)

Eligible organization

An organization eligible for the grant under paragraph (1) is any national nonprofit organization approved by the Interagency Task Force on Federal Programs and Activities Relating to the Reentry of Offenders Into the Community, that provides technical assistance and training to, and has special expertise and broad, national-level experience in, offender reentry programs, training, and research.

(3)

Use of funds

The organization receiving a grant under paragraph (1) shall establish a National Adult and Juvenile Offender Reentry Resource Center to—

(A)

provide education, training, and technical assistance for States, tribes, territories, local governments, service providers, nonprofit organizations, and corrections institutions;

(B)

collect data and best practices in offender reentry from demonstration grantees and others agencies and organizations;

(C)

develop and disseminate evaluation tools, mechanisms, and measures to better assess and document coalition performance measures and outcomes;

(D)

disseminate information to States and other relevant entities about best practices, policy standards, and research findings;

(E)

develop and implement procedures to assist relevant authorities in determining when release is appropriate and in the use of data to inform the release decision;

(F)

develop and implement procedures to identify efficiently and effectively those violators of probation, parole, or supervision following release from prison, jail, or a juvenile facility who should be returned to prisons, jails, or juvenile facilities and those who should receive other penalties based on defined, graduated sanctions;

(G)

collaborate with the Interagency Task Force on Federal Programs and Activities Relating to the Reentry of Offenders Into the Community, and the Federal Resource Center for Children of Prisoners;

(H)

develop a national reentry research agenda; and

(I)

establish a database to enhance the availability of information that will assist offenders in areas including housing, employment, counseling, mentoring, medical and mental health services, substance abuse treatment, transportation, and daily living skills.

(4)

Limit

Of amounts made available to carry out this section, not more than 4 percent of the authorized level shall be available to carry out this subsection.

(n)

Administration

Of amounts made available to carry out this section—

(1)

not more than 2 percent of the authorized level shall be available for administrative expenses in carrying out this section; and

(2)

not more than 2 percent of the authorized level shall be made available to the National Institute of Justice to evaluate the effectiveness of the demonstration projects funded under this section, using a methodology that—

(A)

includes, to the maximum extent feasible, random assignment of offenders (or entities working with such persons) to program delivery and control groups; and

(B)

generates evidence on which reentry approaches and strategies are most effective.

.

(d)

Grant authorization

Section 2976(a) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3797w(a)) is amended by striking States, Territories and all that follows through the period at the end and inserting the following: States, local governments, territories, or Indian Tribes, or any combination thereof, in partnership with stakeholders, service providers, and nonprofit organizations..

(e)

Authorization of appropriations

Section 2976(o) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3797w), as so redesignated by subsection (c) of this section, is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (1), by striking $15,000,000 for fiscal year 2003 and all that follows and inserting $55,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 and 2010.; and

(2)

by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:

(2)

Limitation; Equitable distribution

(A)

Limitation

Of the amount made available to carry out this section for any fiscal year, not more than 3 percent or less than 2 percent may be used for technical assistance and training.

(B)

Equitable distribution

The Attorney General shall ensure that grants awarded under this section are equitably distributed among the geographical regions and between urban and rural populations, including Indian Tribes, consistent with the objective of reducing recidivism among criminal offenders.

.

102.

Improvement of the residential substance abuse treatment for State offenders program

(a)

Requirement for aftercare component

Section 1902(c) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796ff–1(c)), is amended—

(1)

by striking the subsection heading and inserting Requirement for Aftercare Component; and

(2)

by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:

(1)

To be eligible for funding under this part, a State shall ensure that individuals who participate in the substance abuse treatment program established or implemented with assistance provided under this part will be provided with aftercare services, which may include case management services and a full continuum of support services that ensure providers furnishing services under that program are approved by the appropriate State or local agency, and licensed, if necessary, to provide medical treatment or other health services.

.

(b)

Definition

Section 1904(d) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796ff–3(d)) is amended to read as follows:

(d)

Residential substance abuse treatment program defined

In this part, the term residential substance abuse treatment program means a course of comprehensive individual and group substance abuse treatment services, lasting a period of at least 6 months, in residential treatment facilities set apart from the general population of a prison or jail (which may include the use of pharmacological treatment, where appropriate, that may extend beyond such period).

.

(c)

Requirement for study and report on aftercare services

The Attorney General, through the National Institute of Justice, and in consultation with the National Institute on Drug Abuse, shall conduct a study on the use and effectiveness of funds used by the Department of Justice for aftercare services under section 1902(c) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended by subsection (a) of this section, for offenders who reenter the community after completing a substance abuse program in prison or jail.

103

Definition of violent offender for drug court grant program

(a)

Definition

Section 2953(a)(1) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3797u–2(a)(1)) is amended by inserting that is punishable by a term of imprisonment exceeding one year after convicted of an offense.

(b)

Period for compliance

Notwithstanding section 2952(2) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3797u–1(2)), each grantee under part EE of such Act shall have not more than 3 years from the date of the enactment of this Act to adopt the definition of violent offender under such part, as amended by subsection (a) of this section.

(c)

Regulations

Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall revise any regulations or guidelines described in section 2952 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3797u–1) in accordance with the amendments made by subsection (a). Such regulations shall specify that grant amounts under part EE of such Act shall be reduced for any drug court that does not adopt the definition of violent offender under such part, as amended by subsection (a) of this section, within 3 years after such date of enactment.

104.

Use of violent offender truth-in-sentencing grant funding for demonstration project activities

(a)

Permissible Uses

Section 20102(a) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13702(a)) is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (2) by striking and at the end;

(2)

in paragraph (3) by striking the period at the end and inserting ; and; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(4)

to carry out any activity referred to in section 2976(b) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3797w(b)).

.

(b)

Use of funds appropriated

Section 20108(b)(4) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 13708(b)(4)) is amended by adding at the end the following: Funds obligated, but subsequently unspent and deobligated, may remain available, to the extent as may provided in appropriations Acts, for the purpose described in section 20102(a)(4) for any subsequent fiscal year. The further obligation of such funds by an official for such purpose shall not be delayed, directly or indirectly, in any manner by any officer or employee in the executive branch..

B

New and Innovative Programs To Improve Offender Reentry Services

111.

State, tribal, and local reentry courts

Part FF of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3797w et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

2978.

State, tribal, and local reentry courts

(a)

Grants authorized

The Attorney General may award grants, in accordance with this section, of not more than $500,000 to—

(1)

State, Tribal, and local courts; and

(2)

State agencies, municipalities, public agencies, nonprofit organizations, territories, and Indian Tribes that have agreements with courts to take the lead in establishing a reentry court (as described in section 2976(b)(19)).

(b)

Use of grant funds

Grant funds awarded under this section shall be administered in accordance with such guidelines, regulations, and procedures as promulgated by the Attorney General, and may be used to—

(1)

monitor juvenile and adult offenders reentering the community;

(2)

provide juvenile and adult offenders reentering the community with coordinated and comprehensive reentry services and programs such as—

(A)

drug and alcohol testing and assessment for treatment;

(B)

assessment for substance abuse from a substance abuse professional who is approved by the State or Indian Tribe and licensed by the appropriate entity to provide alcohol and drug addiction treatment, as appropriate;

(C)

substance abuse treatment from a provider that is approved by the State or Indian Tribe, and licensed, if necessary, to provide medical and other health services;

(D)

health (including mental health) services and assessment;

(E)

aftercare and case management services that—

(i)

facilitate access to clinical care and related health services; and

(ii)

coordinate with such clinical care and related health services; and

(F)

any other services needed for reentry;

(3)

convene community impact panels, victim impact panels, or victim impact educational classes;

(4)

provide and coordinate the delivery of community services to juvenile and adult offenders, including—

(A)

housing assistance;

(B)

education;

(C)

job training;

(D)

conflict resolution skills training;

(E)

batterer intervention programs; and

(F)

other appropriate social services; and

(5)

establish and implement graduated sanctions and incentives.

(c)

Rule of construction

Nothing in this section shall be construed as preventing a grantee that operates a drug court under part EE at the time a grant is awarded under this section from using funds from such grant to supplement such drug court in accordance with paragraphs (1) through (5) of subsection (b).

(d)

Application

To be eligible for a grant under this section, an entity described in subsection (a) shall, in addition to any other requirements required by the Attorney General, submit to the Attorney General an application that—

(1)

describes the program to be assisted under this section and the need for such program;

(2)

describes a long-term strategy and detailed implementation plan for such program, including how the entity plans to pay for the program after the Federal funding is discontinued;

(3)

identifies the governmental and community agencies that will be coordinated by the project;

(4)

certifies that—

(A)

all agencies affected by the program, including community corrections and parole entities, have been appropriately consulted in the development of the program;

(B)

there will be appropriate coordination with all such agencies in the implementation of the program; and

(C)

there will be appropriate coordination and consultation with the Single State Authority for Substance Abuse (as that term is defined in section 201(e) of the Second Chance Act of 2007) of the State; and

(5)

describes the methodology and outcome measures that will be used to evaluate the program.

(e)

Federal Share

(1)

Matching requirement

The Federal share of a grant under this section may not exceed 50 percent of the program funded under such grant.

(2)

In-kind contributions

(A)

In general

Subject to subparagraph (B), the recipient of a grant under this section may meet the matching requirement under paragraph (1) by making in-kind contributions of goods or services that are directly related to the purpose for which such grant was awarded.

(B)

Maximum percentage

Not more than 50 percent of the amount provided by a recipient of a grant under this section to meet the matching requirement under paragraph (1) may be provided through in-kind contributions under subparagraph (A).

(3)

Supplement not supplant

Federal funds received under this section shall be used to supplement, not supplant, non-Federal funds that would otherwise be available for the activities funded under this section.

(f)

Annual report

Each entity receiving a grant under this section shall submit to the Attorney General, for each fiscal year in which funds from the grant are expended, a report, at such time and in such manner as the Attorney General may reasonably require, that contains—

(1)

a summary of the activities carried out under the program assisted by the grant;

(2)

an assessment of whether the activities are meeting the need for the program identified in the application submitted under subsection (d); and

(3)

such other information as the Attorney General may require.

(g)

Authorization of appropriations

(1)

In general

There are authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 and 2010 to carry out this section.

(2)

Limitations; Equitable distribution

(A)

Limitations

Of the amount made available to carry out this section in any fiscal year—

(i)

not more than 2 percent may be used by the Attorney General for salaries and administrative expenses; and

(ii)

not more than 5 percent nor less than 2 percent may be used for technical assistance and training.

(B)

Equitable distribution

The Attorney General shall ensure that grants awarded under this section are equitably distributed among the geographical regions and between urban and rural populations, including Indian Tribes, consistent with the objective of reducing recidivism among criminal offenders.

.

112.

Prosecution drug treatment alternative to prison programs

(a)

Authorization

Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.) is amended by inserting after part BB the following:

CC

PROSECUTION DRUG TREATMENT ALTERNATIVE TO PRISON PROGRAM

2901.

Grant authority

(a)

In general

The Attorney General may make grants to State, Tribal, and local prosecutors to develop, implement, or expand qualified drug treatment programs that are alternatives to imprisonment, in accordance with this part.

(b)

Qualified drug treatment programs described

For purposes of this part, a qualified drug treatment program is a program—

(1)

that is administered by a State, Tribal, or local prosecutor;

(2)

that requires an eligible offender who is sentenced to participate in the program (instead of incarceration) to participate in a comprehensive substance abuse treatment program that is approved by the State or Indian Tribe and licensed, if necessary, to provide medical and other health services;

(3)

that requires an eligible offender to receive the consent of the State, Tribal, or local prosecutor involved to participate in such program;

(4)

that, in the case of an eligible offender who is sentenced to participate in the program, requires the offender to serve a sentence of imprisonment with respect to the crime involved if the prosecutor, in conjunction with the treatment provider, determines that the offender has not successfully completed the relevant substance abuse treatment program described in paragraph (2);

(5)

that provides for the dismissal of the criminal charges involved in an eligible offender’s participation in the program if the offender is determined to have successfully completed the program;

(6)

that requires each substance abuse provider treating an eligible offender under the program to—

(A)

make periodic reports of the progress of the treatment of that offender to the State, Tribal, or local prosecutor involved and to the appropriate court in which the eligible offender was convicted; and

(B)

notify such prosecutor and such court if the eligible offender absconds from the facility of the treatment provider or otherwise violates the terms and conditions of the program, consistent with Federal and State confidentiality requirements; and

(7)

that has an enforcement unit comprised of law enforcement officers under the supervision of the State, Tribal, or local prosecutor involved, the duties of which shall include verifying an eligible offender’s addresses and other contacts, and, if necessary, locating, apprehending, and arresting an eligible offender who has absconded from the facility of a substance abuse treatment provider or otherwise violated the terms and conditions of the program, consistent with Federal and State confidentiality requirements, and returning such eligible offender to court for sentencing for the crime involved.

2902.

Use of grant funds

(a)

In general

A State, Tribal, or local prosecutor that receives a grant under this part shall use such grant for expenses of a qualified drug treatment program, including for the following expenses:

(1)

Salaries, personnel costs, equipment costs, and other costs directly related to the operation of the program, including the enforcement unit.

(2)

Payments for substance abuse treatment providers that are approved by the State or Indian Tribe and licensed, if necessary, to provide alcohol and drug addiction treatment to eligible offenders participating in the program, including aftercare supervision, vocational training, education, and job placement.

(3)

Payments to public and nonprofit private entities that are approved by the State or Indian Tribe and licensed, if necessary, to provide alcohol and drug addiction treatment to offenders participating in the program.

(b)

Supplement and not supplant

Grants made under this part shall be used to supplement, and not supplant, non-Federal funds that would otherwise be available for programs described in this part.

2903.

Applications

To request a grant under this part, a State, Tribal, or local prosecutor shall submit an application to the Attorney General in such form and containing such information as the Attorney General may reasonably require. Each such application shall contain the certification by the State, Tribal, or local prosecutor that the program for which the grant is requested is a qualified drug treatment program, in accordance with this part.

2904.

Federal share

(a)

Matching Requirement

The Federal share of a grant under this part may not exceed 50 percent of the total costs of the qualified drug treatment program funded under such grant.

(b)

In-Kind Contributions

(1)

In general

Subject to paragraph (2), the recipient of a grant under this part may meet the matching requirement under subsection (a) by making in-kind contributions of goods or services that are directly related to the purpose for which such grant was awarded.

(2)

Maximum percentage

Not more than 50 percent of the amount provided by a recipient of a grant under this part to meet the matching requirement under subsection (a) may be provided through in-kind contributions under paragraph (1).

2905.

Geographic distribution

The Attorney General shall ensure that, to the extent practicable, the distribution of grants under this part is equitable and includes State, Tribal, or local prosecutors—

(1)

in each State; and

(2)

in rural, suburban, Tribal, and urban jurisdictions.

2906.

Reports and evaluations

For each fiscal year, each recipient of a grant under this part during that fiscal year shall submit to the Attorney General a report with respect to the effectiveness of activities carried out using that grant. Each report shall include an evaluation in such form and containing such information as the Attorney General may reasonably require. The Attorney General shall specify the dates on which such reports shall be submitted.

2907.

Definitions

In this part:

(1)

State or local prosecutor

The term State, Tribal, or local prosecutor means any district attorney, State attorney general, county attorney, tribal attorney, or corporation counsel who has authority to prosecute criminal offenses under State, Tribal, or local law.

(2)

Eligible offender

The term eligible offender means an individual who—

(A)

has been convicted, pled guilty, or admitted guilt with respect to a crime for which a sentence of imprisonment is required and has not completed such sentence;

(B)

has never been charged with or convicted of an offense, during the course of which—

(i)

the individual carried, possessed, or used a firearm or dangerous weapon; or

(ii)

there occurred the use of force against the person of another, without regard to whether any of the behavior described in clause (i) is an element of the offense or for which the person is charged or convicted;

(C)

does not have 1 or more prior convictions for a felony crime of violence involving the use or attempted use of force against a person with the intent to cause death or serious bodily harm; and

(D)
(i)

has received an assessment for alcohol or drug addiction from a substance abuse professional who is approved by the State or Indian Tribe and licensed by the appropriate entity to provide alcohol and drug addiction treatment, as appropriate; and

(ii)

has been found to be in need of substance abuse treatment because that individual has a history of substance abuse that is a significant contributing factor to the criminal conduct of that individual.

.

(b)

Authorization of appropriations

Section 1001(a) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3793(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(26)

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out part CC $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 and 2010.

.

113.

Grants for family-based substance abuse treatment

Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.) is amended by inserting after part CC, as added by this Act, the following:

DD

GRANTS FOR FAMILY-BASED SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT

2921.

Grants authorized

The Attorney General may make grants to States, units of local government, territories, and Indian Tribes to—

(1)

develop, implement, and expand comprehensive and clinically-appropriate family-based substance abuse treatment programs as alternatives to incarceration for nonviolent parent drug offenders; and

(2)

to provide prison-based family treatment programs for incarcerated parents of minor children.

2922.

Use of grant funds

Grants made to an entity under section 2921 for a program described in such section may be used for—

(1)

the development, implementation, and expansion of prison-based family treatment programs in correctional facilities for incarcerated parents with minor children (except for any such parent who there is reasonable evidence to believe engaged in domestic violence or child abuse);

(2)

the development, implementation, and expansion of residential substance abuse treatment;

(3)

coordination between appropriate correctional facility representatives and the appropriate governmental agencies;

(4)

payments to public and nonprofit private entities to provide substance abuse treatment to nonviolent parent drug offenders participating in that program; and

(5)

salaries, personnel costs, facility costs, and other costs directly related to the operation of that program.

2923.

Program requirements

(a)

In general

A program for which a grant is made under section 2921(1) shall comply with the following requirements:

(1)

The program shall ensure that all providers of substance abuse treatment are approved by the State or Indian Tribe and are licensed, if necessary, to provide medical and other health services.

(2)

The program shall ensure appropriate coordination and consultation with the Single State Authority for Substance Abuse of the State (as that term is defined in section 201(e) of the Second Chance Act of 2007).

(3)

The program shall consist of clinically-appropriate, comprehensive, and long-term family treatment, including the treatment of the nonviolent parent drug offender, the child of such offender, and any other appropriate member of the family of the offender.

(4)

The program shall be provided in a residential setting that is not a hospital setting or an intensive outpatient setting.

(5)

The program shall provide that if a nonviolent parent drug offender who participates in that program does not successfully complete the program the offender shall serve an appropriate sentence of imprisonment with respect to the underlying crime involved.

(6)

The program shall ensure that a determination is made as to whether a nonviolent drug offender has completed the substance abuse treatment program.

(7)

The program shall include the implementation of a system of graduated sanctions (including incentives) that are applied based on the accountability of the nonviolent parent drug offender involved throughout the course of that program to encourage compliance with that program.

(8)

The program shall develop and implement a reentry plan for each participant.

(b)

Prison-based programs

A program for which a grant is made under section 2921(2) shall comply with the following requirements:

(1)

The program shall integrate techniques to assess the strengths and needs of immediate and extended family of the incarcerated parent to support a treatment plan of the incarcerated parent.

(2)

The program shall ensure that each participant in that program has access to consistent and uninterrupted care if transferred to a different correctional facility within the State or other relevant entity.

(3)

The program shall be located in an area separate from the general population of the prison.

2924.

Applications

(a)

In general

An entity described in section 2921 desiring a grant under this part shall submit to the Attorney General an application in such form and manner and at such time as the Attorney General requires.

(b)

Contents

An application under subsection (a) shall include a description of the methods and measurements the applicant will use for purposes of evaluating the program involved.

2925.

Reports

An entity that receives a grant under this part during a fiscal year shall submit to the Attorney General, not later than a date specified by the Attorney General, a report that describes and evaluates the effectiveness of that program during such fiscal year that—

(1)

is based on evidence-based data; and

(2)

uses the methods and measurements described in the application of that entity for purposes of evaluating that program.

2926.

Authorization of appropriations

(a)

In general

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this part $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 and 2010.

(b)

Use of amounts

Of the amount made available to carry out this part in any fiscal year, not less than 5 percent shall be used for grants to Indian Tribes.

2927.

Definitions

In this part:

(1)

Nonviolent parent drug offender

The term nonviolent parent drug offender means an offender who is—

(A)

a parent of an individual under 18 years of age; and

(B)

convicted of a drug (or drug-related) felony that is a nonviolent offense.

(2)

Nonviolent offense

The term nonviolent offense has the meaning given that term in section 2991(a).

(3)

Prison-based family treatment program

The term prison-based family treatment program means a program for incarcerated parents in a correctional facility that provides a comprehensive response to offender needs, including substance abuse treatment, child early intervention services, family counseling, legal services, medical care, mental health services, nursery and preschool, parenting skills training, pediatric care, physical therapy, prenatal care, sexual abuse therapy, relapse prevention, transportation, and vocational or GED training.

.

114.

Grant to evaluate and improve education at prisons, jails, and juvenile facilities

Title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.), is further amended—

(1)

by redesignating part X as part KK; and

(2)

by inserting after part II the following:

JJ

GRANT PROGRAM TO EVALUATE AND IMPROVE EDUCATIONAL METHODS AT PRISONS, JAILS, AND JUVENILE FACILITIES

3001.

Grant program to evaluate and improve educational methods at prisons, jails, and juvenile facilities

(a)

Grant program authorized

The Attorney General may carry out a grant program under which the Attorney General may make grants to States, units of local government, territories, Indian Tribes, and other public and private entities to—

(1)

evaluate methods to improve academic and vocational education for offenders in prisons, jails, and juvenile facilities;

(2)

identify, and make recommendations to the Attorney General regarding, best practices relating to academic and vocational education for offenders in prisons, jails, and juvenile facilities, based on the evaluation under paragraph (1); and

(3)

improve the academic and vocational education programs (including technology career training) available to offenders in prisons, jails, and juvenile facilities.

(b)

Application

To be eligible for a grant under this part, a State or other entity described in subsection (a) shall submit to the Attorney General an application in such form and manner, at such time, and accompanied by such information as the Attorney General specifies.

(c)

Report

Not later than 90 days after the last day of the final fiscal year of a grant under this part, each entity described in subsection (a) receiving such a grant shall submit to the Attorney General a detailed report of the progress made by the entity using such grant, to permit the Attorney General to evaluate and improve academic and vocational education methods carried out with grants under this part.

3002.

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated $5,000,000 to carry out this part for each of fiscal years 2009 and 2010.

.

115.

Technology Careers Training Demonstration Grants

(a)

Authority to make grants

From amounts made available to carry out this section, the Attorney General shall make grants to States, units of local government, territories, and Indian Tribes to provide technology career training to prisoners.

(b)

Use of funds

Grants awarded under subsection (a) may be used for establishing a technology careers training program to train prisoners for technology-based jobs and careers during the 3-year period before release from prison, jail, or a juvenile facility.

(c)

Control of internet access

An entity that receives a grant under subsection (a) shall restrict access to the Internet by prisoners, as appropriate, to ensure public safety.

(d)

Reports

Not later than the last day of each fiscal year, an entity that receives a grant under subsection (a) during the preceding fiscal year shall submit to the Attorney General a report that describes and assesses the uses of such grant during the preceding fiscal year.

(e)

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 and 2010.

II

ENHANCED DRUG TREATMENT AND MENTORING GRANT PROGRAMS

A

Drug Treatment

201.

Offender reentry substance abuse and criminal justice collaboration program

(a)

Grant program authorized

The Attorney General may make competitive grants to States, units of local government, territories, and Indian Tribes, in accordance with this section, for the purposes of—

(1)

improving the provision of drug treatment to offenders in prisons, jails, and juvenile facilities; and

(2)

reducing the use of alcohol and other drugs by long-term substance abusers during the period in which each such long-term substance abuser is in prison, jail, or a juvenile facility, and through the completion of parole or court supervision of such long-term substance abuser.

(b)

Use of grant funds

A grant made under subsection (a) may be used—

(1)

for continuing and improving drug treatment programs provided at a prison, jail, or juvenile facility;

(2)

to develop and implement programs for supervised long-term substance abusers that include alcohol and drug abuse assessments, coordinated and continuous delivery of drug treatment, and case management services;

(3)

to strengthen rehabilitation efforts for offenders by providing addiction recovery support services; and

(4)

to establish pharmacological drug treatment services as part of any drug treatment program offered by a grantee to offenders who are in a prison or jail.

(c)

Application

(1)

In general

An entity described in subsection (a) desiring a grant under that subsection shall submit to the Attorney General an application in such form and manner and at such time as the Attorney General requires.

(2)

Contents

An application for a grant under subsection (a) shall—

(A)

identify any agency, organization, or researcher that will be involved in administering a drug treatment program carried out with a grant under subsection (a);

(B)

certify that such drug treatment program has been developed in consultation with the Single State Authority for Substance Abuse;

(C)

certify that such drug treatment program shall—

(i)

be clinically-appropriate; and

(ii)

provide comprehensive treatment;

(D)

describe how evidence-based strategies have been incorporated into such drug treatment program; and

(E)

describe how data will be collected and analyzed to determine the effectiveness of such drug treatment program and describe how randomized trials will be used where practicable.

(d)

Reports to congress

(1)

Interim report

Not later than September 30, 2009, the Attorney General shall submit to Congress a report that identifies the best practices relating to—

(A)

substance abuse treatment in prisons, jails, and juvenile facilities; and

(B)

the comprehensive and coordinated treatment of long-term substance abusers, including the best practices identified through the activities funded under subsection (b)(3).

(2)

Final report

Not later than September 30, 2010, the Attorney General shall submit to Congress a report on the drug treatment programs funded under this section, including on the matters specified in paragraph (1).

(e)

Definition of single State authority for substance abuse

The term Single State Authority for Substance Abuse means an entity designated by the Governor or chief executive officer of a State as the single State administrative authority responsible for the planning, development, implementation, monitoring, regulation, and evaluation of substance abuse services.

(f)

Authorization of appropriations

(1)

In general

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 and 2010.

(2)

Equitable distribution of grant amounts

Of the amount made available to carry out this section in any fiscal year, the Attorney General shall ensure that grants awarded under this section are equitably distributed among geographical regions and between urban and rural populations, including Indian Tribes, consistent with the objective of reducing recidivism among criminal offenders.

B

Mentoring

211.

Mentoring grants to nonprofit organizations

(a)

Authority to make grants

From amounts made available to carry out this section, the Attorney General shall make grants to nonprofit organizations and Indian Tribes for the purpose of providing mentoring and other transitional services essential to reintegrating offenders into the community.

(b)

Use of funds

A grant awarded under subsection (a) may be used for—

(1)

mentoring adult and juvenile offenders during incarceration, through transition back to the community, and post-release;

(2)

transitional services to assist in the reintegration of offenders into the community; and

(3)

training regarding offender and victims issues.

(c)

Application; priority consideration

(1)

In general

To be eligible to receive a grant under this section, a nonprofit organization or Indian Tribe shall submit an application to the Attorney General at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Attorney General may require.

(2)

Priority consideration

Priority consideration shall be given to any application under this section that—

(A)

includes a plan to implement activities that have been demonstrated effective in facilitating the successful reentry of offenders; and

(B)

provides for an independent evaluation that includes, to the maximum extent feasible, random assignment of offenders to program delivery and control groups.

(d)

Strategic performance outcomes

The Attorney General shall require each applicant under this section to identify specific performance outcomes related to the long-term goal of stabilizing communities by reducing recidivism (using a measure that is consistent with the research undertaken by the Bureau of Justice Statistics under section 241(b)(6)), and reintegrating offenders into the community.

(e)

Reports

An entity that receives a grant under subsection (a) during a fiscal year shall, not later than the last day of the following fiscal year, submit to the Attorney General a report that describes and assesses the uses of that grant during that fiscal year and that identifies the progress of the grantee toward achieving its strategic performance outcomes.

(f)

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Attorney General to carry out this section $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 and 2010.

212.

Responsible reintegration of offenders

(a)

Eligible offenders

(1)

In general

In this section, the term eligible offender means an individual who—

(A)

is 18 years of age or older;

(B)

has been convicted as an adult and imprisoned under Federal or State law;

(C)

has never been convicted of a violent or sex-related offense; and

(D)

except as provided in paragraph (2), has been released from a prison or jail for not more than 180 days before the date on which the individual begins participating in a grant program carried out under this section.

(2)

Exception

Each grantee under this section may permit not more than 10 percent of the individuals served with a grant under this section to be individuals who—

(A)

meet the conditions of subparagraphs (A) through (C) of paragraph (1); and

(B)

have been released from a prison or jail for more than 180 days before the date on which the individuals begin participating in the grant program carried out under this section.

(3)

Priority of service

Grantees shall provide a priority of service in projects funded under this section to individuals meeting the requirements of paragraph (1) who have been released from State correctional facilities.

(b)

Authority to make grants

The Secretary of Labor may make grants to nonprofit organizations for the purpose of providing mentoring, job training and job placement services, and other comprehensive transitional services to assist eligible offenders in obtaining and retaining employment.

(c)

Use of funds

(1)

In general

A grant awarded under this section may be used for—

(A)

mentoring eligible offenders, including the provision of support, guidance, and assistance in the community and the workplace to address the challenges faced by such offenders;

(B)

providing job training and job placement services to eligible offenders, including work readiness activities, job referrals, basic skills remediation, educational services, occupational skills training, on-the-job training, work experience, and post-placement support, in coordination with the one-stop partners and one-stop operators (as such terms are defined in section 101 of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (29 U.S.C. 2801)) that provide services at any center operated under a one-stop delivery system established under section 134(c) of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (29 U.S.C. 2864(c)), businesses, and educational institutions; and

(C)

providing outreach, orientation, intake, assessments, counseling, case management, and other transitional services to eligible offenders, including prerelease outreach and orientation.

(2)

Limitations

(A)

Certain services excluded

A grant under this section may not be used to provide substance abuse treatment services, mental health treatment services, or housing services, except that such a grant may be used to coordinate with other programs and entities to arrange for such programs and entities to provide substance abuse treatment services, mental health treatment services, or housing services to eligible offenders.

(B)

Administrative cost limit

Not more than 15 percent of the amounts awarded to a grantee under this section may be used for the costs of administration, as determined by the Secretary of Labor.

(d)

Application

(1)

In general

(A)

Application required

A nonprofit organization desiring a grant under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary of Labor at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Secretary of Labor may require.

(B)

Contents

At a minimum, an application for a grant under this section shall include—

(i)

the identification of the eligible area that is to be served and a description of the need for support in such area;

(ii)

a description of the mentoring, job training and job placement, and other services to be provided;

(iii)

a description of partnerships that have been established with the criminal justice system (including coordination with demonstration projects carried out under section 2976 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended by this Act, where applicable), the local workforce investment boards established under section 117 of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (29 U.S.C. 2832)), and housing authorities that will be used to assist in carrying out grant activities under this section; and

(iv)

a description of how other Federal, State, local, or private funding will be leveraged to provide support services that are not directly funded under this section, such as mental health and substance abuse treatment and housing.

(2)

Eligible area

In this subsection, the term eligible area means an area that—

(A)

is located within an urbanized area or urban cluster, as determined by the Bureau of the Census in the most recently available census;

(B)

has a large number of prisoners returning to the area each year; and

(C)

has a high rate of recidivism among prisoners returning to the area.

(e)

Performance outcomes

(1)

Core indicators

Each nonprofit organization receiving a grant under this section shall report to the Secretary of Labor on the results of services provided to eligible offenders with that grant with respect to the following indicators of performance:

(A)

Rates of recidivism.

(B)

Entry into employment.

(C)

Retention in employment.

(D)

Average earnings.

(2)

Additional indicators

In addition to the indicators described in paragraph (1), the Secretary of Labor may require a nonprofit organization receiving a grant under this section to report on additional indicators of performance.

(f)

Reports

Each nonprofit organization receiving a grant under this section shall maintain such records and submit such reports, in such form and containing such information, as the Secretary of Labor may require regarding the activities carried out under this section.

(g)

Technical assistance

The Secretary of Labor may reserve not more than 4 percent of the amounts appropriated to carry out this section to provide technical assistance and for management information systems to assist grantees under this section.

(h)

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of Labor to carry out this section $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 and 2010.

213.

Bureau of prisons policy on mentoring contacts

(a)

In general

Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of the Bureau of Prisons shall, in order to promote stability and continued assistance to offenders after release from prison, adopt and implement a policy to ensure that any person who provides mentoring services to an incarcerated offender is permitted to continue such services after that offender is released from prison. That policy shall permit the continuation of mentoring services unless the Director demonstrates that such services would be a significant security risk to the released offender, incarcerated offenders, persons who provide such services, or any other person.

(b)

Report

Not later than September 30, 2009, the Director of the Bureau of Prisons shall submit to Congress a report on the extent to which the policy described in subsection (a) has been implemented and followed.

214.

Bureau of prisons policy on chapel library materials

(a)

In general

Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of the Bureau of Prisons shall discontinue the Standardized Chapel Library project, or any other project by whatever designation that seeks to compile, list, or otherwise restrict prisoners’ access to reading materials, audiotapes, videotapes, or any other materials made available in a chapel library, except that the Bureau of Prisons may restrict access to—

(1)

any materials in a chapel library that seek to incite, promote, or otherwise suggest the commission of violence or criminal activity; and

(2)

any other materials prohibited by any other law or regulation.

(b)

Rule of construction

Nothing in this section shall be construed to impact policies of the Bureau of Prisons related to access by specific prisoners to materials for security, safety, sanitation, or disciplinary reasons.

C

Administration of Justice Reforms

1

Improving Federal Offender Reentry

231.

Federal prisoner reentry initiative

(a)

In general

The Attorney General, in coordination with the Director of the Bureau of Prisons, shall, subject to the availability of appropriations, conduct the following activities to establish a Federal prisoner reentry initiative:

(1)

The establishment of a Federal prisoner reentry strategy to help prepare prisoners for release and successful reintegration into the community, including, at a minimum, that the Bureau of Prisons—

(A)

assess each prisoner’s skill level (including academic, vocational, health, cognitive, interpersonal, daily living, and related reentry skills) at the beginning of the term of imprisonment of that prisoner to identify any areas in need of improvement prior to reentry;

(B)

generate a skills development plan for each prisoner to monitor skills enhancement and reentry readiness throughout incarceration;

(C)

determine program assignments for prisoners based on the areas of need identified through the assessment described in subparagraph (A);

(D)

ensure that priority is given to the reentry needs of high-risk populations, such as sex offenders, career criminals, and prisoners with mental health problems;

(E)

coordinate and collaborate with other Federal agencies and with State, Tribal, and local criminal justice agencies, community-based organizations, and faith-based organizations to help effectuate a seamless reintegration of prisoners into communities;

(F)

collect information about a prisoner’s family relationships, parental responsibilities, and contacts with children to help prisoners maintain important familial relationships and support systems during incarceration and after release from custody; and

(G)

provide incentives for prisoner participation in skills development programs.

(2)

Incentives for a prisoner who participates in reentry and skills development programs which may, at the discretion of the Director, include—

(A)

the maximum allowable period in a community confinement facility; and

(B)

such other incentives as the Director considers appropriate (not including a reduction of the term of imprisonment).

(b)

Identification and release assistance for Federal prisoners

(1)

Obtaining identification

The Director shall assist prisoners in obtaining identification (including a social security card, driver’s license or other official photo identification, or birth certificate) prior to release.

(2)

Assistance developing release plan

At the request of a direct-release prisoner, a representative of the United States Probation System shall, prior to the release of that prisoner, help that prisoner develop a release plan.

(3)

Direct-release prisoner defined

In this section, the term direct-release prisoner means a prisoner who is scheduled for release and will not be placed in prerelease custody.

(c)

Improved reentry procedures for Federal prisoners

The Attorney General shall take such steps as are necessary to modify the procedures and policies of the Department of Justice with respect to the transition of offenders from the custody of the Bureau of Prisons to the community—

(1)

to enhance case planning and implementation of reentry programs, policies, and guidelines;

(2)

to improve such transition to the community, including placement of such individuals in community corrections facilities; and

(3)

to foster the development of collaborative partnerships with stakeholders at the national, State, and local levels to facilitate the exchange of information and the development of resources to enhance opportunities for successful offender reentry.

(d)

Duties of the Bureau of Prisons

(1)

Duties of the Bureau of Prisons expanded

Section 4042(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended—

(A)

in paragraph (4), by striking and at the end;

(B)

in paragraph (5), by striking the period and inserting a semicolon; and

(C)

by adding at the end the following:

(D)

establish prerelease planning procedures that help prisoners—

(i)

apply for Federal and State benefits upon release (including Social Security Cards, Social Security benefits, and veterans’ benefits); and

(ii)

secure such identification and benefits prior to release, subject to any limitations in law; and

(E)

establish reentry planning procedures that include providing Federal prisoners with information in the following areas:

(i)

Health and nutrition.

(ii)

Employment.

(iii)

Literacy and education.

(iv)

Personal finance and consumer skills.

(v)

Community resources.

(vi)

Personal growth and development.

(vii)

Release requirements and procedures.

.

(2)

Measuring the removal of obstacles to reentry

(A)

Coding required

The Director shall ensure that each institution within the Bureau of Prisons codes the reentry needs and deficits of prisoners, as identified by an assessment tool that is used to produce an individualized skills development plan for each inmate.

(B)

Tracking

In carrying out this paragraph, the Director shall quantitatively track the progress in responding to the reentry needs and deficits of individual inmates.

(C)

Annual report

On an annual basis, the Director shall prepare and submit to the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives a report that documents the progress of the Bureau of Prisons in responding to the reentry needs and deficits of inmates.

(D)

Evaluation

The Director shall ensure that—

(i)

the performance of each institution within the Bureau of Prisons in enhancing skills and resources to assist in reentry is measured and evaluated using recognized measurements; and

(ii)

plans for corrective action are developed and implemented as necessary.

(3)

Measuring and improving recidivism outcomes

(A)

Annual report required

(i)

In general

At the end of each fiscal year, the Director shall submit to the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives a report containing statistics demonstrating the relative reduction in recidivism for inmates released by the Bureau of Prisons within that fiscal year and the 2 prior fiscal years, comparing inmates who participated in major inmate programs (including residential drug treatment, vocational training, and prison industries) with inmates who did not participate in such programs. Such statistics shall be compiled separately for each such fiscal year.

(ii)

Scope

A report under this paragraph is not required to include statistics for a fiscal year that begins before the date of the enactment of this Act.

(B)

Measure used

In preparing the reports required by subparagraph (A), the Director shall, in consultation with the Director of the Bureau of Justice Statistics, select a measure for recidivism (such as rearrest, reincarceration, or any other valid, evidence-based measure) that the Director considers appropriate and that is consistent with the research undertaken by the Bureau of Justice Statistics under section 241(b)(6).

(C)

Goals

(i)

In general

After the Director submits the first report required by subparagraph (A), the Director shall establish goals for reductions in recidivism rates and shall work to attain those goals.

(ii)

Contents

The goals established under clause (i) shall use the relative reductions in recidivism measured for the fiscal year covered by the first report required by subparagraph (A) as a baseline rate, and shall include—

(I)

a 5-year goal to increase, at a minimum, the baseline relative reduction rate of recidivism by 2 percent; and

(II)

a 10-year goal to increase, at a minimum, the baseline relative reduction rate of recidivism by 5 percent within 10 fiscal years.

(4)

Format

Any written information that the Bureau of Prisons provides to inmates for reentry planning purposes shall use common terminology and language.

(5)

Medical care

The Bureau of Prisons shall provide the United States Probation and Pretrial Services System with relevant information on the medical care needs and the mental health treatment needs of inmates scheduled for release from custody. The United States Probation and Pretrial Services System shall take this information into account when developing supervision plans in an effort to address the medical care and mental health care needs of such individuals. The Bureau of Prisons shall provide inmates with a sufficient amount of all necessary medications (which will normally consist of, at a minimum, a 2-week supply of such medications) upon release from custody.

(e)

Encouragement of employment of former prisoners

The Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of Labor, shall take such steps as are necessary to educate employers and the one-stop partners and one-stop operators (as such terms are defined in section 101 of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (29 U.S.C. 2801)) that provide services at any center operated under a one-stop delivery system established under section 134(c) of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (29 U.S.C. 2864(c)) regarding incentives (including the Federal bonding program of the Department of Labor and tax credits) for hiring former Federal, State, or local prisoners.

(f)

Medical care for prisoners

Section 3621 of title 18, United States Code, is further amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

(g)

Continued access to medical care

(1)

In general

In order to ensure a minimum standard of health and habitability, the Bureau of Prisons should ensure that each prisoner in a community confinement facility has access to necessary medical care, mental health care, and medicine through partnerships with local health service providers and transition planning.

(2)

Definition

In this subsection, the term community confinement has the meaning given that term in the application notes under section 5F1.1 of the Federal Sentencing Guidelines Manual, as in effect on the date of the enactment of the Second Chance Act of 2007.

.

(g)

Elderly and family reunification for certain nonviolent offenders pilot program

(1)

Program authorized

(A)

In general

The Attorney General shall conduct a pilot program to determine the effectiveness of removing eligible elderly offenders from a Bureau of Prisons facility and placing such offenders on home detention until the expiration of the prison term to which the offender was sentenced.

(B)

Placement in home detention

In carrying out a pilot program as described in subparagraph (A), the Attorney General may release some or all eligible elderly offenders from the Bureau of Prisons facility to home detention.

(C)

Waiver

The Attorney General is authorized to waive the requirements of section 3624 of title 18, United States Code, as necessary to provide for the release of some or all eligible elderly offenders from the Bureau of Prisons facility to home detention for the purposes of the pilot program under this subsection.

(2)

Violation of terms of home detention

A violation by an eligible elderly offender of the terms of home detention (including the commission of another Federal, State, or local crime) shall result in the removal of that offender from home detention and the return of that offender to the designated Bureau of Prisons institution in which that offender was imprisoned immediately before placement on home detention under paragraph (1), or to another appropriate Bureau of Prisons institution, as determined by the Bureau of Prisons.

(3)

Scope of pilot program

A pilot program under paragraph (1) shall be conducted through at least one Bureau of Prisons facility designated by the Attorney General as appropriate for the pilot program and shall be carried out during fiscal years 2009 and 2010.

(4)

Implementation and evaluation

The Attorney General shall monitor and evaluate each eligible elderly offender placed on home detention under this section, and shall report to Congress concerning the experience with the program at the end of the period described in paragraph (3). The Administrative Office of the United States Courts and the United States probation offices shall provide such assistance and carry out such functions as the Attorney General may request in monitoring, supervising, providing services to, and evaluating eligible elderly offenders released to home detention under this section.

(5)

Definitions

In this section:

(A)

Eligible elderly offender

The term eligible elderly offender means an offender in the custody of the Bureau of Prisons—

(i)

who is not less than 65 years of age;

(ii)

who is serving a term of imprisonment that is not life imprisonment based on conviction for an offense or offenses that do not include any crime of violence (as defined in section 16 of title 18, United States Code), sex offense (as defined in section 111(5) of the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act), offense described in section 2332b(g)(5)(B) of title 18, United States Code, or offense under chapter 37 of title 18, United States Code, and has served the greater of 10 years or 75 percent of the term of imprisonment to which the offender was sentenced;

(iii)

who has not been convicted in the past of any Federal or State crime of violence, sex offense, or other offense described in clause (ii);

(iv)

who has not been determined by the Bureau of Prisons, on the basis of information the Bureau uses to make custody classifications, and in the sole discretion of the Bureau, to have a history of violence, or of engaging in conduct constituting a sex offense or other offense described in clause (ii);

(v)

who has not escaped, or attempted to escape, from a Bureau of Prisons institution;

(vi)

with respect to whom the Bureau of Prisons has determined that release to home detention under this section will result in a substantial net reduction of costs to the Federal Government; and

(vii)

who has been determined by the Bureau of Prisons to be at no substantial risk of engaging in criminal conduct or of endangering any person or the public if released to home detention.

(B)

Home detention

The term home detention has the same meaning given the term in the Federal Sentencing Guidelines as of the date of the enactment of this Act, and includes detention in a nursing home or other residential long-term care facility.

(C)

Term of imprisonment

The term term of imprisonment includes multiple terms of imprisonment ordered to run consecutively or concurrently, which shall be treated as a single, aggregate term of imprisonment for purposes of this section.

(h)

Federal remote satellite tracking and reentry training program

(1)

Establishment of program

The Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts, in consultation with the Attorney General, may establish the Federal Remote Satellite Tracking and Reentry Training (ReStart) program to promote the effective reentry into the community of high risk individuals.

(2)

High risk individuals

For purposes of this section, the term high risk individual means—

(A)

an individual who is under supervised release, with respect to a Federal offense, and who has previously violated the terms of a release granted such individual following a term of imprisonment; or

(B)

an individual convicted of a Federal offense who is at a high risk for recidivism, as determined by the Director of the Bureau of Prisons, and who is eligible for early release pursuant to voluntary participation in a program of residential substance abuse treatment under section 3621(e) of title 18, United States Code, or a program described in this section.

(3)

Program elements

The program authorized under paragraph (1) shall include, with respect to high risk individuals participating in such program, the following core elements:

(A)

A system of graduated levels of supervision, that uses, as appropriate and indicated—

(i)

satellite tracking, global positioning, remote satellite, and other tracking or monitoring technologies to monitor and supervise such individuals in the community; and

(ii)

community corrections facilities and home confinement.

(B)

Substance abuse treatment and aftercare related to such treatment, mental and medical health treatment and aftercare related to such treatment, vocational and educational training, life skills instruction, conflict resolution skills training, batterer intervention programs, and other programs to promote effective reentry into the community as appropriate.

(C)

Involvement of the family of such an individual, a victim advocate, and the victim of the offense committed by such an individual, if such involvement is safe for such victim (especially in a domestic violence case).

(D)

A methodology, including outcome measures, to evaluate the program.

(E)

Notification to the victim of the offense committed by such an individual of the status and nature of such an individual’s reentry plan.

(i)

Authorization for appropriations for bureau of prisons

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Attorney General to carry out this section, $5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2009 and 2010.

232.

Bureau of prisons policy on restraining of female prisoners

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall submit to Congress a report on the practices and policies of agencies within the Department of Justice relating to the use of physical restraints on pregnant female prisoners during pregnancy, labor, delivery of a child, or post-delivery recuperation, including the number of instances occurring after the date of enactment of this Act in which physical restraints are used on such prisoners, the reasons for the use of the physical restraints, the length of time that the physical restraints were used, and the security concerns that justified the use of the physical restraints.

2

Reentry Research

241.

Offender reentry research

(a)

National institute of justice

The National Institute of Justice may conduct research on juvenile and adult offender reentry, including—

(1)

a study identifying the number and characteristics of minor children who have had a parent incarcerated, and the likelihood of such minor children becoming adversely involved in the criminal justice system some time in their lifetime;

(2)

a study identifying a mechanism to compare rates of recidivism (including rearrest, violations of parole, probation, post-incarceration supervision, and reincarceration) among States; and

(3)

a study on the population of offenders released from custody who do not engage in recidivism and the characteristics (housing, employment, treatment, family connection) of that population.

(b)

Bureau of justice statistics

The Bureau of Justice Statistics may conduct research on offender reentry, including—

(1)

an analysis of special populations (including prisoners with mental illness or substance abuse disorders, female offenders, juvenile offenders, offenders with limited English proficiency, and the elderly) that present unique reentry challenges;

(2)

studies to determine which offenders are returning to prison, jail, or a juvenile facility and which of those returning offenders represent the greatest risk to victims and community safety;

(3)

annual reports on the demographic characteristics of the population reentering society from prisons, jails, and juvenile facilities;

(4)

a national recidivism study every 3 years;

(5)

a study of parole, probation, or post-incarceration supervision violations and revocations; and

(6)

a study concerning the most appropriate measure to be used when reporting recidivism rates (whether rearrest, reincarceration, or any other valid, evidence-based measure).

242.

Grants to study parole or post-incarceration supervision violations and revocations

(a)

Grants authorized

From amounts made available to carry out this section, the Attorney General may make grants to States to study and to improve the collection of data with respect to individuals whose parole or post-incarceration supervision is revoked, and which such individuals represent the greatest risk to victims and community safety.

(b)

Application

As a condition of receiving a grant under this section, a State shall—

(1)

certify that the State has, or intends to establish, a program that collects comprehensive and reliable data with respect to individuals described in subsection (a), including data on—

(A)

the number and type of parole or post-incarceration supervision violations that occur with the State;

(B)

the reasons for parole or post-incarceration supervision revocation;

(C)

the underlying behavior that led to the revocation; and

(D)

the term of imprisonment or other penalty that is imposed for the violation; and

(2)

provide the data described in paragraph (1) to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, in a form prescribed by the Bureau.

(c)

Analysis

Any statistical analysis of population data under this section shall be conducted in accordance with the Federal Register Notice dated October 30, 1997, relating to classification standards.

243.

Addressing the needs of children of incarcerated parents

(a)

Best practices

(1)

In general

From amounts made available to carry out this section, the Attorney General may collect data and develop best practices of State corrections departments and child protection agencies relating to the communication and coordination between such State departments and agencies to ensure the safety and support of children of incarcerated parents (including those in foster care and kinship care), and the support of parent-child relationships between incarcerated (and formerly incarcerated) parents and their children, as appropriate to the health and well-being of the children.

(2)

Contents

The best practices developed under paragraph (1) shall include information related to policies, procedures, and programs that may be used by States to address—

(A)

maintenance of the parent-child bond during incarceration;

(B)

parental self-improvement; and

(C)

parental involvement in planning for the future and well-being of their children.

(b)

Dissemination to States

Not later than 1 year after the development of best practices described in subsection (a), the Attorney General shall disseminate to States and other relevant entities such best practices.

(c)

Sense of congress

It is the sense of Congress that States and other relevant entities should use the best practices developed and disseminated in accordance with this section to evaluate and improve the communication and coordination between State corrections departments and child protection agencies to ensure the safety and support of children of incarcerated parents (including those in foster care and kinship care), and the support of parent-child relationships between incarcerated (and formerly incarcerated) parents and their children, as appropriate to the health and well-being of the children.

244.

Study of effectiveness of depot naltrexone for heroin addiction

(a)

Grant program authorized

From amounts made available to carry out this section, the Attorney General, through the National Institute of Justice, and in consultation with the National Institute on Drug Abuse, may make grants to public and private research entities (including consortia, single private research entities, and individual institutions of higher education) to evaluate the effectiveness of depot naltrexone for the treatment of heroin addiction.

(b)

Evaluation program

An entity described in subsection (a) desiring a grant under this section shall submit to the Attorney General an application that—

(1)

contains such information as the Attorney General specifies, including information that demonstrates that—

(A)

the applicant conducts research at a private or public institution of higher education, as that term is defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1101);

(B)

the applicant has a plan to work with parole officers or probation officers for offenders who are under court supervision; and

(C)

the evaluation described in subsection (a) will measure the effectiveness of such treatments using randomized trials; and

(2)

is in such form and manner and at such time as the Attorney General specifies.

(c)

Reports

An entity that receives a grant under subsection (a) during a fiscal year shall, not later than the last day of the following fiscal year, submit to the Attorney General a report that describes and assesses the uses of that grant.

245.

Authorization of appropriations for research

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Attorney General to carry out sections 241, 242, 243, and 244 of this chapter, $10,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2009 and 2010.

3

Correctional Reforms to Existing Law

251.

Clarification of authority to place prisoner in community corrections

(a)

Prerelease custody

Section 3624(c) of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

(c)

Prerelease custody

(1)

In general

The Director of the Bureau of Prisons shall, to the extent practicable, ensure that a prisoner serving a term of imprisonment spends a portion of the final months of that term (not to exceed 12 months), under conditions that will afford that prisoner a reasonable opportunity to adjust to and prepare for the reentry of that prisoner into the community. Such conditions may include a community correctional facility.

(2)

Home confinement authority

The authority under this subsection may be used to place a prisoner in home confinement for the shorter of 10 percent of the term of imprisonment of that prisoner or 6 months.

(3)

Assistance

The United States Probation System shall, to the extent practicable, offer assistance to a prisoner during prerelease custody under this subsection.

(4)

No limitations

Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to limit or restrict the authority of the Director of the Bureau of Prisons under section 3621.

(5)

Reporting

Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of the Second Chance Act of 2007 (and every year thereafter), the Director of the Bureau of Prisons shall transmit to the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives a report describing the Bureau’s utilization of community corrections facilities. Each report under this paragraph shall set forth the number and percentage of Federal prisoners placed in community corrections facilities during the preceding year, the average length of such placements, trends in such utilization, the reasons some prisoners are not placed in community corrections facilities, and any other information that may be useful to the committees in determining if the Bureau is utilizing community corrections facilities in an effective manner.

(6)

Issuance of regulations

The Director of the Bureau of Prisons shall issue regulations pursuant to this subsection not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of the Second Chance Act of 2007, which shall ensure that placement in a community correctional facility by the Bureau of Prisons is—

(A)

conducted in a manner consistent with section 3621(b) of this title;

(B)

determined on an individual basis; and

(C)

of sufficient duration to provide the greatest likelihood of successful reintegration into the community.

.

(b)

Courts may not require a sentence of imprisonment to be served in a community corrections facility

Section 3621(b) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following: Any order, recommendation, or request by a sentencing court that a convicted person serve a term of imprisonment in a community corrections facility shall have no binding effect on the authority of the Bureau under this section to determine or change the place of imprisonment of that person..

252.

Residential drug abuse program in Federal prisons

Section 3621(e)(5)(A) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking means a course of and all that follows and inserting the following: means a course of individual and group activities and treatment, lasting at least 6 months, in residential treatment facilities set apart from the general prison population (which may include the use of pharmocotherapies, where appropriate, that may extend beyond the 6-month period);.

253.

Contracting for services for post-conviction supervision offenders

Section 3672 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the third sentence in the seventh undesignated paragraph the following: He also shall have the authority to contract with any appropriate public or private agency or person to monitor and provide services to any offender in the community authorized by this Act, including treatment, equipment and emergency housing, corrective and preventative guidance and training, and other rehabilitative services designed to protect the public and promote the successful reentry of the offender into the community..

4

Miscellaneous Provisions

261.

Extension of national prison rape elimination commission

Section 7(d)(3)(A) of the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (42 U.S.C. 15606(d)(3)(A)) is amended by striking 3 years and inserting 5 years.

Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Vice President of the United States and President of the Senate.