H. R. 1784
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
March 29, 2007
Mr. Engel (for himself, Mrs. McCarthy of New York, Mr. Kennedy, Mr. Farr, Ms. Watson, Mr. Brady of Pennsylvania, Mrs. Maloney of New York, Mr. Pallone, Mr. Sherman, Mrs. Lowey, Ms. Woolsey, and Mr. Moran of Virginia) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary
To protect the Nation’s law enforcement officers by banning the Five-seveN Pistol and 5.7 x 28mm SS190 and SS192 cartridges, testing handguns and ammunition for capability to penetrate body armor, and prohibiting the manufacture, importation, sale, or purchase of such handguns or ammunition by civilians.
This Act may be cited as the
Protect Law Enforcement Armor
Act or the
Findings and purpose
Congress finds the following:
Law enforcement is facing a new threat from handguns and accompanying ammunition, which are designed to penetrate police body armor, being marketed and sold to civilians.
Five-seveN Pistol and accompanying ammunition, manufactured by FN Herstal of
Belgium as the
5.7 x 28 mm System, has recently been recovered
by law enforcement on the streets. The Five-seveN Pistol and 5.7 x 28mm SS192
cartridges are legally available for purchase by civilians under current
The Five-seveN Pistol and 5.7 x 28mm SS192 cartridges are capable of penetrating level IIA armor. The manufacturer advertises that ammunition fired from the Five-seveN will perforate 48 layers of Kevlar up to 200 meters and that the ammunition travels at 2100 feet per second.
The Five-seveN Pistol, and similar handguns designed to use ammunition capable of penetrating body armor, pose a devastating threat to law enforcement.
The purpose of this Act is to protect the Nation’s law enforcement officers by—
testing handguns and ammunition for capability to penetrate body armor; and
prohibiting the manufacture, importation, sale, or purchase by civilians of the Five-seveN Pistol, ammunition for such pistol, or any other handgun that uses ammunition found to be capable of penetrating body armor.
Armor piercing ammunition
Expansion of definition of armor piercing ammunition
Section 921(a)(17)(B) of title 18, United States Code, is amended—
in clause (i), by
or at the end;
in clause (ii), by
striking the period at the end and inserting
; and; and
by adding at the end the following:
a projectile that—
may be used in a handgun; and
the Attorney General determines, pursuant to section 926(d), to be capable of penetrating body armor.
Determination of capability of projectiles To penetrate body armor
Section 926 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this subsection, the Attorney General shall promulgate standards for the uniform testing of projectiles against Body Armor Exemplar.
The standards promulgated pursuant to paragraph (1) shall take into account, among other factors, variations in performance that are related to the type of handgun used, the length of the barrel of the handgun, the amount and kind of powder used to propel the projectile, and the design of the projectile.
As used in paragraph (1), the term Body Armor Exemplar means body armor that the Attorney General determines meets minimum standards for the protection of law enforcement officers.
Armor piercing handguns and ammunition
Section 922 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
It shall be unlawful for any person to manufacture, import, market, sell, ship, deliver, possess, transfer, or receive—
the Fabrique Nationale Herstal Five-SeveN Pistol;
5.7 x 28mm SS190 and SS192 cartridges; or
any other handgun that uses armor piercing ammunition.
This subsection shall not apply to—
any firearm or armor piercing ammunition manufactured for, and sold exclusively to, military, law enforcement, or intelligence agencies of the United States; and
the manufacture, possession, transfer, receipt, shipment, or delivery of a firearm or armor piercing ammunition by a licensed manufacturer, or any person acting pursuant to a contract with a licensed manufacturer, for the purpose of examining and testing such firearm or ammunition to determine whether paragraph (1) applies to such firearm.
924(a)(1)(B) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking
(q) and inserting
(q), or (aa).