H.R. 2262 (110th): Hardrock Mining and Reclamation Act of 2007

May 10, 2007 (110th Congress, 2007–2009)
Died (Passed House)
Nick Rahall II
Representative for West Virginia's 3rd congressional district
Read Text »
Last Updated
Nov 05, 2007
99 pages
Related Bills
H.R. 699 (111th) was a re-introduction of this bill in a later Congress.

Referred to Committee
Last Action: Jan 27, 2009

S. 2750 (Related)
Abandoned Mine Reclamation Act of 2008

Referred to Committee
Last Action: Mar 12, 2008


This bill was introduced in a previous session of Congress and was passed by the House on November 1, 2007 but was never passed by the Senate.

Introduced May 10, 2007
Referred to Committee May 10, 2007
Reported by Committee Oct 23, 2007
Passed House Nov 01, 2007
Full Title

To modify the requirements applicable to locatable minerals on public domain lands, consistent with the principles of self-initiation of mining claims, and for other purposes.


No summaries available.

Nov 01, 2007 2:16 p.m.
Failed 173/244
Nov 01, 2007 2:21 p.m.
Failed 175/240
Nov 01, 2007 2:54 p.m.
Passed 244/166

62 cosponsors (60D, 2R) (show)

House Natural Resources

Energy and Mineral Resources

Senate Energy and Natural Resources

The committee chair determines whether a bill will move past the committee stage.

Primary Source

THOMAS.gov (The Library of Congress)

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H.R. stands for House of Representatives bill.

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GovTrack’s Bill Summary

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Library of Congress Summary

The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.

11/1/2007--Passed House amended.
Hardrock Mining and Reclamation Act of 2007 -
Section 3 -
States this Act applies to any mining claim, millsite claim, or tunnel site claim: (1) located under the general mining laws before, on, or after the date of enactment of this Act; or (2) used for beneficiation or mineral processing activities, regardless of whether legal and beneficial title to the mineral is held by the United States.
Title I - Mineral Exploration and Development
Section 101 -
Conditions federal issuance of a patent for any mining or millsite claim located under the general mining laws upon specified determinations by the Secretary of the Interior.
Section 102 -
Subjects production of locatable minerals, including mineral concentrates or products derived from such minerals, to a royalty of 8% of the gross income from mining.
Imposes a 4% royalty upon federal lands subject to an existing permit.
Subjects to specified royalties certain federal land added to an existing operations permit.
Sets forth royalty payment requirements governing claim holders, operators, and transporters.
Makes each person liable for royalty payments under this Act jointly and severally liable for royalty on all locatable minerals, concentrates, or derived products lost or wasted from a mining claim maintained in compliance with this Act when such loss or waste is due to negligence on the part of any person or due to the failure to comply with any rule, regulation, or order issued under this Act.
Establishes a civil penalty for failure to comply with royalty requirements.
Section 103 -
Sets forth a hardrock mining claim maintenance fee for each unpatented mining claim, mill, or tunnel site on federally owned lands, whether located before, on, or after enactment of this Act.
Requires waiver of such fee for a claimant who certifies in writing that on the payment due date the claimant and all related parties held not more than 10 mining claims, mill sites, or tunnel sites, or any combination of them on public lands, and had performed requisite assessment work.
States that nonpayment of the claim maintenance fee constitutes a forfeiture of the unpatented mining claim, mill, or tunnel site.
Section 104 -
States that timely payment of the claim maintenance fee asserts claimant's authority to use and occupy the federal land concerned for prospecting and exploration.
Title II - Protection of Special Places
Section 201 -
States that mining claims may be located under the general mining laws only on such lands and interests as were open to location immediately before enactment of this Act.
Designates the following lands as not open to location of mining claims under the general mining laws on or after the date of enactment of this Act:
(1) wilderness study areas;
(2) areas of critical environmental concern;
(3) areas designated for inclusion in the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System (including areas designated for potential addition, or eligible for inclusion in such system); and
(4) any area identified in certain inventoried roadless areas maps contained in the Forest Service Roadless Area Conservation Final Environmental Impact Statement.
Section 202 -
Permits a state, political subdivision, or Indian tribe to petition the Secretary for withdrawal of specific federal land from operation of the general mining laws in order to protect specific values that are important to such entities.
Title III - Environmental Considerations of Mineral Exploration and Development
Section 301 -
Instructs the Secretary to ensure that mineral activities on federal land subject to a mining claim, millsite claim, or tunnel site claim are carefully controlled to prevent undue degradation of public lands and resources.
Prohibits the Secretary from granting permission to engage in mineral activities if the Secretary publishes a determination in the Federal Register that undue degradation would result.
Section 302 -
Prohibits mineral activities on federal land that may cause a disturbance of surface resources unless the claim and permit were issued in compliance with this Act.
Section 303 -
Sets forth requirements for the exploration permit process and for operations permits.
Section 305 -
Prohibits the issuance or transfer of permits if the underlying claim is in violation of this Act unless corrective action has been taken according to specified requirements.
Prohibits any permit issuance if there is a pattern of willful violations of its environmental protection requirements by the applicant, an affiliate, or the operator or claim holder if different from the applicant.
Section 306 -
Sets forth requirements for financial assurance as a prerequisite to a permit.
Requires such financial assurance to include the estimated cost of maintaining effluent treatment to meet effluent limitations and water quality standards after cessation of mineral activities.
Section 307 -
Requires restoration of lands under this Act to a condition capable of supporting: (1) the uses they were capable of supporting prior to surface disturbance; or (2) other beneficial uses which conform to applicable land use plans as determined by the Secretaries. Sets forth operation and reclamation standards.
Instructs the Secretary of the Interior to work with state and local governments to ensure that surface or groundwater withdrawals as a result of mining activities do not cause undue degradation.
Section 308 -
Declares that state law or regulations which exceed the requirements of this Act shall not construed to be inconsistent with such requirements.
States that an understanding before the enactment of this Act between the Secretary concerned and any state or political subdivision regarding mineral activities on lands subject to this Act may only continue in force until one year after the date of enactment of this Act.
Section 309 -
Prohibits issuance of a permit authorizing mineral activities that would impair the land or resources of the National Park System or a National Monument.
Title IV - Mining Mitigation
Subtitle A - Locatable Minerals Fund
Section 401 -
Establishes the Locatable Minerals Fund (Fund) composed of: (1) penalties, fees and royalties; (2) the Hardrock Reclamation Account, and (3) the Hardrock Community Impact Assistance Account.
Subtitle B - Use of Hardrock Reclamation Account
Section 411 -
Authorizes the Secretary to use moneys in the Hardrock Reclamation Account for the reclamation and restoration of land and water resources adversely affected by past mineral activities on certain federal lands, including habitat reclamation and restoration.
Prescribes requirements for allocation among certain states of 50% of the amounts deposited into such Account.
Subtitle C - Use of Hardrock Community Impact Assistance Account
Section 421 -
Makes the Hardrock Community Impact Assistance Account available to provide assistance for the planning, construction, and maintenance of public facilities and the provision of public services to states, political subdivisions, and Indian tribes socially or economically impacted by mineral activities conducted under the general mining laws.
Section 422 -
Prescribes allocation of funds from such Account.
Title V - Administrative and Miscellaneous Provisions
Subtitle A - Administrative Provisions
Section 501 -
Amends the Mining and Minerals Policy Act of 1970 to declare that it is federal mining and minerals policy to ensure that mineral extraction and processing not cause undue degradation of the natural and cultural resources of the public lands.
Confers responsibility upon the Secretary of Agriculture to implement certain policy provisions of such Act.
Amends the National Materials and Minerals Policy, Research and Development Act of 1980 to direct the Secretary of Agriculture to promptly initiate actions to improve the availability and analysis of mineral data in public land use decision making with respect to National Forest System lands.
Section 502 -
Authorizes the Secretaries to: (1) collect users fees; and (2) make inspections and monitor mineral activities.
Section 504 -
Authorizes citizens suits to compel compliance with this Act.
Section 505 -
Sets forth procedures for: (1) administrative and judicial review; and (2) enforcement, including penalties, suspensions and revocations.
any person who holds a limited patent or maintains a claim pursuant to this section shall be required to carry out reclamation as prescribed
Subtitle B - Miscellaneous Provisions
Section 511 -
Amends the Energy Policy Act of 1992 to subject certain oil shale claims to the reclamation requirements of titles II and III of this Act.
Section 517 -
Repeals: (1) the Building Stone Act; and (2) the Saline Placer Act.

House Republican Conference Summary

The summary below was written by the House Republican Conference, which is the caucus of Republicans in the House of Representatives.

No summary available.

House Democratic Caucus Summary

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