Obligates specified funds under this Act for USAID activities for persons with disabilities in developing countries.
(Sec. 699A) Obligates specified funds under title III of this Act for programs for orphans and displaced and abandoned children.
(Sec. 699B) Establishes within the Department an Advisor for Activities Relating to Indigenous Peoples Internationally who shall advise the Director of United States Foreign Assistance and the Administrator of USAID on matters relating to indigenous peoples, and who should represent the U.S. government on such matters in meetings with foreign governments and multilateral institutions.
Obligates funds for such activities.
(Sec. 699C) Prohibits, with a national interest waiver, military assistance funds and equipment from being made available to the government of a country identified by the Department as having governmental armed forces or government supported armed groups that recruit or use child soldiers.
Authorizes the Secretary to provide such otherwise prohibited assistance upon certifying to the Committees that a government has implemented measures to demobilize children from its forces or from government-supported armed groups and prevent their future recruitment.
(Sec. 699D) Makes funds appropriated by this Act available for assistance for Serbia after May 31, 2008, if the President certifies to the Committees that the government of Serbia is:
(1) cooperating with the International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia, including access for investigators, provision of documents, and the surrender and transfer of indictees or assistance in their apprehension, including Ratko Mladic and Radovan Karadzic;
(2) taking steps to end Serbian financial, political, security and other support to maintain separate Republika Srpska institutions; and
(3) taking steps to implement policies which reflect a respect for minority rights and the rule of law.
States that such requirements shall not apply to Kosovo, humanitarian assistance, or assistance to promote democracy.
(Sec. 699E) States that foreign military financing program funds under this Act above a specified amount may be made available for assistance for the Philippines only if the Secretary certifies to the Committees that:
(1) the Philippine government is implementing the recommendations of the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions;
(2) the Philippine government is promoting military personnel who demonstrate professionalism and respect for human rights, and is prosecuting military personnel and others who have committed extrajudicial executions or other human rights violations; and
(3) the Philippine military is not engaging in acts of intimidation or violence against members of legal organizations who advocate for human rights.
(Sec. 699F) Obligates specified military funds under this Act for Pakistan for counter-terrorism and law enforcement activities directed against Al Qaeda and the Taliban and associated terrorist groups.
Obligates additional military funds for Pakistan after the Secretary reports to the Committees that the government of Pakistan is:
(1) making effective efforts to prevent the Taliban, Al Qaeda, and associated terrorist groups from operating in Pakistan; and
(2) implementing democratic reforms.
(Sec. 699G) Prohibits specified military funds under this Act from being made available, defense export license issued, and military equipment or technology sold or transferred to Sri Lanka unless the Secretary certifies to the Committees that:
(1) the Sri Lankan military is suspending and the Sri Lankan government is bringing to justice members of the military who have committed gross violations of human rights, including extrajudicial executions, and the recruitment of child soldiers;
(2) Sri Lanka is providing countrywide access to humanitarian organizations and journalists; and
(3) Sri Lanka has agreed to the establishment of a field presence of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in Sri Lanka. Exempts maritime and air surveillance and communications assistance from such prohibition.
(Sec. 699H) Directs the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the U.S. Executive Director to the World Bank to use U.S. influence to achieve transparency reforms in the selection process of the World Bank Inspection Panel. Extends funding through FY2010 for:
(1) U.S. contributions to the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Trust Fund; and
(2) cancellation of related debt.
(Sec. 699I) Directs the Chief Executive Officer of the Millennium Challenge Corporation to report the Committees on the proposed uses, on a country-by-country basis, of all funds under the heading "Millennium Challenge Corporation" making appropriations for foreign operations, export financing, and related programs projected to be obligated and expended in FY2008 and subsequent fiscal years.
(Sec. 699J) Amends the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 to provide for the carry forward of unused special immigrant visas.
(Sec. 699K) Prohibits funds made available under this Act from being made available for assistance for Iraq. Exempts from such prohibition certain funds for:
(1) rescue of Iraqi scholars:
(2) removal and disposal of land mines and other unexploded ordnance, small arms and light weapons in Iraq; or
(3) assistance for refugees and internally displaced persons.
(Sec. 699L) Directs the Secretary to maintain a list of foreign officials and their immediate family members who have been involved in corruption relating to the extraction of natural resources in their countries.
Makes such persons ineligible for U.S. admission.
Authorizes waiver of such prohibition.
(Sec. 699M) Directs the the President to submit to Congress a comprehensive nuclear threat reduction and security plan.
(Sec. 699N) Prohibits funds under this Act from being used to promote the sale or export of tobacco or tobacco products, or to seek the reduction or removal by any foreign country of restrictions on the marketing of tobacco or tobacco products, except for restrictions which are not applied equally to all tobacco or tobacco products of the same type.
(Sec. 699O) Rescinds:
(1) certain Export-import Bank funds for tied-aid grants under P.L. 107-115 and in prior Acts making appropriations for foreign operations, export financing, and related programs; and
(2) certain economic support funds appropriated in prior Acts for foreign operations, export financing, and related programs.
(Sec. 699P) Rescinds (with an exception) .81% of the FY2008 budget authority for any discretionary account in this Act, to be applied proportionately as provided for by this section.