H. R. 3439
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
August 3, 2007
Ms. Linda T. Sánchez of California (for herself, Ms. Bordallo, and Ms. Corrine Brown of Florida) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and Labor
To amend the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to create a demonstration project to fund additional secondary school counselors in troubled title I schools to reduce the dropout rate.
This Act may be cited as the
Put School Counselors Where They’re
Demonstration project for additional secondary school counselors
Part H (20 U.S.C. 6551 et seq.) of title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 is amended by adding at the end the following:
Demonstration project for additional secondary school counselors
Congress finds the following:
Nationally, only 70 percent of students graduate from high school with a regular high school diploma.
Every school day, 7,000 American high school students become dropouts.
High school students living in low-income families drop out of school at six times the rate of their peers from high-income families.
Only about 55 percent of African American students and 52 percent of Hispanic students graduate on time from high school with a regular diploma, compared to 78 percent of white students.
The dropout rate for students with disabilities is approximately twice that of general education students.
High school is the final transition into adulthood and the world of work as students begin separating from parents and exploring and defining their independence. Students who are deciding who they are and what they will do when they graduate face many pressures, including high-stakes testing, the challenges of college admissions, the scholarship and financial aid application process, and entrance into a competitive job market. They need guidance in these complex decisions, which have serious and life changing consequences.
School counseling programs are essential for students to achieve optimal personal growth, acquire positive social skills and values, set appropriate career goals, and realize full academic potential to become productive, contributing members of the world community.
Professional secondary school counselors are highly qualified educators with a mental health perspective who understand and respond to the challenges presented by today’s diverse student population.
The professional secondary school counselor holds a master’s degree or higher in school counseling (or the substantial equivalent), and is certified or licensed by the State in which the counselor works.
Professional secondary school counselors are integral to the total educational program. They provide proactive leadership that engages all stakeholders in the delivery of programs and services to help the student achieve success in school. Professional secondary school counselors align and work with the school’s mission to support the academic achievement of all students as they prepare for the ever-changing world of the 21st Century.
Professional secondary school counselors’ opportunities to assist students are often hindered by extraordinarily high student-to-counselor ratios. Currently, the average student-to-counselor ratio in America’s public schools is 479 to 1. The American School Counselor Association, the American Counseling Association, and the National Association for College Admissions Counseling all recommend a ratio of one school counselor to 250 students and a lower ratio for counselors working primarily with students at risk.
From amounts made available to carry out this subpart, the Secretary shall carry out a demonstration project under which the Secretary makes grants on a competitive basis to secondary schools that receive funds under this title and have a four-year adjusted cohort graduation rate of 60 percent or lower.
A grant under this subpart shall be for a period of 4 years and may be used—
to provide additional school counselors during that period; and
to provide additional resources (such as professional development expenses or travel expenses for home visits, and any services and materials referred to in subsection (d)) and to pay overhead expenses.
Sense of Congress
It is the sense of Congress that a participating school should aim to provide, under subsection (b)(1), one additional counselor per 250 students at risk.
Scope of counseling
The additional school counselors shall identify students who are at risk of not graduating in 4 years and shall provide counseling primarily to those students. The counselors may identify such students at any time, but shall strive to identify them before they enter grade 9. Services shall be provided as long as necessary, including to the extent allowable and appropriate, after the student’s cohort graduation date. The counseling provided—
may include a full panoply of services, including an individual graduation plan and other resources, such as appropriate course placement and supplemental services (to include not only supplemental educational services tutoring if available at the school site, but also other tutoring as necessary, along with supplemental books and materials); and
shall include meetings with each student so identified and with the teachers, tutors, supplemental educational services providers, and parents of the student, and may also include meetings with other relevant individuals, such as a probation officer, mentor, coach, or employer of the student.
Supplement not supplant
Funds under this subpart shall be used to supplement, not supplant, funds from non-Federal sources. The additional school counselors provided through funds under this subpart must be in addition to any employees who work in the secondary school guidance or counseling office, such as counselors, college admissions specialists, career development specialists, guidance information specialists, or any other professional or paraprofessional.
Additional grant periods
A school that receives a grant under this subpart and demonstrates adequate improvement over the period of the grant is eligible to receive a second grant for a second period. If the school again demonstrates adequate improvement over that second period, the school is eligible to receive a third grant for a third period. The third grant shall provide amounts that decrease for each year of the third period and require the school to provide corresponding increases in non-Federal funds.
For purposes of paragraph (1), a school demonstrates adequate improvement over a grant period if the four-year adjusted cohort graduation rate increases (or is projected to increase) by 10 percent or more over that period.
The Secretary shall carry out the demonstration project in at least 10 schools. The first five schools selected to participate shall each be from a different State.
For purposes of this subpart:
Four-year adjusted cohort graduation rate
The term four-year adjusted cohort graduation rate means the number of students who earned a regular high school diploma at the conclusion of their fourth year, before their fourth year, or during a summer session immediately following their fourth year, divided by the number of students who formed the adjusted cohort for that graduating class.
Subject to the other subparagraphs of this paragraph, the term adjusted cohort means the students who entered grade 9 together, and any students that transferred into the cohort in grade 9 through 12 minus any students removed from the cohort.
The term transfers in means the students who enroll or re-enroll after the beginning of the entering cohort’s first year in high school, up to and including in grade 12.
To remove students from the cohort, the school or local educational agency must confirm that the student—
has transferred out;
is in the custody of the juvenile justice system; or
The term transfers out means the students the school or local educational agency has confirmed have transferred to another school, local educational agency, or other educational program for which they are expected to receive a regular high school diploma. Confirmation of a student’s transfer to another school, local educational agency, or program requires formal documentation that the student enrolled in the receiving school. Students enrolled in a GED or other alternative educational program that does not issue or provide credits toward the issuance of a regular high school diploma are not considered transfers out. Students who were enrolled, but for whom there is no confirmation of transfer or completion, may not be labeled transfers or errors, but must remain in the cohort as non-graduates for reporting and accountability purposes.
Treatment of other leavers and withdrawals
Students who were retained in grade, enrolled in a GED program, or left school for any other reason may not be counted as transfers out for the purpose of calculating graduation rates and must remain in the adjusted cohort.
For those high schools that start after ninth grade, the cohort shall be calculated based on the earliest high school grade.
Regular high school diploma
The term regular high school diploma means the standard high school diploma awarded to the preponderance of students in the State that is fully aligned with State standards, or a higher diploma, and does not include GEDs, certificates of attendance, or any lesser diploma award.
For those students who have significant cognitive disabilities and are assessed using an alternate assessment aligned to alternate achievement standards, receipt of a regular high school diploma or State-defined alternate diploma aligned with completion of their entitlement under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act shall be counted as graduates with a regular high school diploma for the purposes of this Act. No more than one percent of students can be counted as graduates with a regular high school diploma under this subparagraph.
Authorization of appropriations
There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subpart $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2011.