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H.R. 3776 (110th): Energy Storage Technology Advancement Act of 2007

The text of the bill below is as of Oct 23, 2007 (Referred to Senate Committee).


IIB

110th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 3776

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

October 23, 2007

Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources

AN ACT

To provide for research, development, and demonstration programs in advanced energy storage systems for electric drive vehicles, stationary applications, and electricity transmission and distribution applications, to support the ability of the United States to remain globally competitive in this field, and to promote the efficient delivery and use of energy.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Energy Storage Technology Advancement Act of 2007.

2.

Definitions

For purposes of this Act—

(1)

the term Department means the Department of Energy;

(2)

the term electric drive vehicle means—

(A)

a vehicle that uses an electric motor for all or part of its motive power, including battery electric, hybrid electric, plug-in hybrid electric, fuel cell, and plug-in fuel cell vehicles, and rail transportation vehicles; or

(B)

mobile equipment that uses an electric motor to replace an internal combustion engine for all or part of the work of the equipment;

(3)

the term islanding means a distributed generator or energy storage device continuing to power a location in the absence of electric power from the primary source;

(4)

the term microgrid means an integrated energy system consisting of interconnected loads and distributed energy resources, including generators and energy storage devices, which as an integrated system can operate in parallel with the utility grid or in an intentional islanding mode;

(5)

the term Secretary means the Secretary of Energy;

(6)

the term self-healing grid means a grid that is capable of automatically anticipating and responding to power system disturbances, including the isolation of failed sections and components, while optimizing its own performance and service to customers; and

(7)

the term spinning reserve services means an amount of electric generating capacity in excess of the amount needed to meet peak electric demand.

3.

Basic research program

(a)

In general

The Secretary shall conduct a basic research program to support the development of energy storage systems for electric drive vehicles, stationary applications, and electricity transmission and distribution, including research on—

(1)

materials design;

(2)

materials synthesis and characterization;

(3)

electrolytes;

(4)

surface and interface dynamics;

(5)

modeling and simulation; and

(6)

thermal behavior and life degradation mechanisms.

(b)

Funding

For activities carried out under this section, in addition to funding activities at National Laboratories, the Secretary shall award funds to, and coordinate activities with, a range of stakeholders including the public, private, and academic sectors.

(c)

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary for carrying out this section $50,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2009 through 2014.

4.

Applied research program

(a)

In general

The Secretary shall conduct an applied research program on energy storage systems to support electric drive vehicle, stationary application, and electricity transmission and distribution technologies, including research on—

(1)

ultracapacitors;

(2)

flywheels;

(3)

batteries and battery systems (including flow batteries);

(4)

compressed air energy systems;

(5)

power conditioning electronics;

(6)

manufacturing technologies for energy storage systems;

(7)

thermal management systems; and

(8)

hydrogen as an energy storage medium.

(b)

Funding

For activities carried out under this section, in addition to funding activities at National Laboratories, the Secretary shall award funds to, and coordinate activities with, a range of stakeholders including the public, private, and academic sectors.

(c)

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary for carrying out this section $80,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2009 through 2014.

5.

Energy storage systems demonstrations

(a)

In general

The Secretary shall carry out a program of new demonstrations of advanced energy storage systems. These demonstrations shall be regionally diversified and shall expand on the Department’s existing technology demonstration program. These demonstrations should include the participation of a range of stakeholders, such as rural electric cooperatives, investor owned utilities, municipally owned electric utilities, energy storage systems manufacturers, electric drive vehicle manufacturers, the renewable energy production industry, State or local energy offices, the fuel cell industry, and universities. Each of the demonstrations shall include one or more of the following objectives:

(1)

Energy storage to improve the feasibility of micro-grids or islanding, or the transmission and distribution capability to improve reliability in rural areas.

(2)

Integration of an energy storage system with a self-healing grid.

(3)

Use of energy storage to improve security to emergency response infrastructure.

(4)

Integration with a renewable energy production source, either at the source or away from the source.

(5)

Use of energy storage to provide ancillary services, such as spinning reserve services, for grid management.

(6)

Advancement of power conversion systems to make them smarter, more efficient, able to communicate with other inverters, and able to control voltage.

(7)

Use of energy storage to optimize transmission and distribution operation and power quality, which could address overloaded lines and maintenance of transformers and substations.

(8)

Use of advanced energy storage for peak load management of homes, businesses, and the grid.

(9)

Use of energy storage devices to fill up nonpeak generation periods for electricity demand to make better use of existing grid assets.

(b)

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary for carrying out this section $30,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2009 through 2014.

6.

Vehicle energy storage demonstration

(a)

In general

The Secretary shall carry out a program of electric drive vehicle energy storage technology demonstrations. These technology demonstrations shall be conducted through consortia, which may include energy storage systems manufacturers and their suppliers, electric drive vehicle manufacturers, rural electric cooperatives, investor owned utilities, municipal and rural electric utilities, State and local governments, metropolitan transportation authorities, and universities. The program shall demonstrate one or more of the following:

(1)

Novel, high capacity, high efficiency energy storage, charging, and control systems, along with the collection of data on performance characteristics such as battery life, energy storage capacity, and power delivery capacity.

(2)

Advanced onboard energy management systems, and highly efficient battery cooling systems.

(3)

Integration of such systems on a prototype vehicular platform, including with drivetrain systems for passenger, commercial, and nonroad electric drive vehicles.

(4)

New technologies and processes that reduce manufacturing costs.

(5)

Integration of advanced vehicle technologies with electricity distribution system and smart metering technology.

(b)

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary for carrying out this section $30,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2009 through 2014.

7.

Secondary applications and disposal of electric drive vehicle batteries

(a)

In general

The Secretary shall carry out a program of research, development, and demonstration of secondary applications of energy storage devices following service in electric drive vehicles, and of technologies and processes for final recycling and disposal of these devices.

(b)

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary for carrying out this section $5,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2009 through 2014.

8.

Coordination and nonduplication

To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary shall coordinate activities under this Act with other programs and laboratories of the Department and other Federal research programs.

9.

Cost sharing

The Secretary shall carry out the programs under sections 6 and 7 in compliance with section 988 (a) through (d) and section 989 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16352(a) through (d) and 16353).

Passed the House of Representatives October 22, 2007.

Lorraine C. Miller,

Clerk