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Text of the Recognizing Addiction as a Disease Act of 2007

This bill was introduced on June 27, 2007, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted. The text of the bill below is as of Aug 1, 2007 (Reported by Senate Committee).

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II

Calendar No. 294

110th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 1011

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

March 28, 2007

(for himself, Mr. Kennedy, Mr. Enzi, and Mr. Harkin) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions

August 1, 2007

Reported by , with an amendment

Insert the part printed in italic

A BILL

To change the name of the National Institute on Drug Abuse to the National Institute on Diseases of Addiction and to change the name of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism to the National Institute on Alcohol Disorders and Health.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Recognizing Addiction as a Disease Act of 2007.

2.

Findings

Congress makes the following findings:

(1)

Addiction is a chronic, relapsing brain disease that is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences. It is considered a brain disease because drugs change the brain's structure and manner in which it functions. These brain changes can be long lasting, and can lead to the harmful behaviors seen in people who abuse drugs. The disease of addiction affects both brain and behavior, and scientists have identified many of the biological and environmental factors that contribute to the development and progression of the disease.

(2)

The pejorative term abuse used in connection with diseases of addiction has the adverse effect of increasing social stigma and personal shame, both of which are so often barriers to an individual's decision to seek treatment.

3.

Name change

(a)

Public Health Service Act

The Public Health Service Act is amended—

(1)

in section 208(g) (42 U.S.C. 210(g)), by striking National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and inserting National Institute on Alcohol Disorders and Health;

(2)

in section 401(b) (42 U.S.C. 281(b))—

(A)

in paragraph (12), by striking National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and inserting National Institute on Alcohol Disorders and Health; and

(B)

in paragraph (13), by striking National Institute on Drug Abuse and inserting National Institute on Diseases of Addiction;

(3)

in subpart 14 of part C of title IV (42 U.S.C. 285n et seq.)—

(A)

in the subpart heading by striking Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and inserting Alcohol Disorders and Health;

(B)

in section 464H (42 U.S.C. 285n)—

(i)

in subsection (a), by striking National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and inserting National Institute on Alcohol Disorders and Health; and

(ii)

in subsection (b)—

(I)

in paragraph (3), by striking Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and inserting Alcohol Disorders and Health;

(II)

in paragraph (5), by striking National Institute of Drug Abuse and inserting National Institute on Diseases of Addiction; and

(III)

in paragraph (10), by striking Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and inserting Alcohol Disorders and Health; and

(C)

in section 464P (42 U.S.C. 285o–4)—

(i)

in subsection (a)(7), by striking National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and inserting National Institute on Alcohol Disorders and Health; and

(ii)

in subsection (b)(3), by striking Council on Drug Abuse and inserting Council on Diseases of Addiction; and

(4)

in subpart 15 of part C of title IV (42 U.S.C. 285o et seq.)—

(A)

in the subpart heading by striking Drug Abuse and inserting Diseases of Addiction; and

(B)

in section 464L(a) (42 U.S.C. 285o(a)), by striking National Institute on Drug Abuse and inserting National Institute on Diseases of Addiction;

(5)

in section 501 (42 U.S.C. 290aa)—

(A)

by striking National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism each place that such appears and inserting National Institute on Alcohol Disorders and Health; and

(B)

by striking National Institute on Drug Abuse each place that such appears and inserting National Institute on Diseases of Addiction;

(6)

in section 507 (42 U.S.C. 290bb)—

(A)

by striking National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism each place that such appears and inserting National Institute on Alcohol Disorders and Health; and

(B)

by striking National Institute on Drug Abuse each place that such appears and inserting National Institute on Diseases of Addiction;

(7)

in section 513 (42 U.S.C. 290bb–6), by striking National Institute on Drug Abuse in the section heading and inserting National Institute on Diseases of Addiction;

(8)

in section 530 (42 U.S.C. 290cc–30)—

(A)

by striking National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and inserting National Institute on Alcohol Disorders and Health; and

(B)

by striking National Institute on Drug Abuse and inserting National Institute on Diseases of Addiction; and

(9)

in section 1918(a)(8)(B) (42 U.S.C. 300x–7(a)(8)(B)), by striking National Institute on Drug Abuse each place that such appears and inserting National Institute on Diseases of Addiction.

(b)

Other Acts

(1)

Title 5, United States Code

Section 7361(a) of title 5, United States Code, is amended by striking National Institute on Drug Abuse and inserting National Institute on Diseases of Addiction.

(2)

Comprehensive Smoking Education Act

Section 3(b)(1)(A) of the Comprehensive Smoking Education Act (15 U.S.C. 1341(b)(1)(A)) is amended by striking National Institute on Drug Abuse and inserting National Institute on Diseases of Addiction.

(3)

Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965

Section 4124(a)(2) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7134 (a)(2)) is amended—

(A)

in subparagraph (C), by striking National Institute on Drug Abuse and inserting National Institute on Diseases of Addiction; and

(B)

in subparagraph (D), by striking National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse and inserting National Institute on Alcohol Disorders and Health.

(4)

Controlled Substances Act

Section 303(g)(2)(H) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 823(g)(2)(H)) is amended by striking National Institute on Drug Abuse each place that such appears and inserting National Institute on Diseases of Addiction.

(5)

Drug Abuse, Prevention, Treatment, and Rehabilitation Act

The Drug Abuse, Prevention, Treatment, and Rehabilitation Act is amended—

(A)

in section 410(1) (21 U.S.C. 1177(a)), by striking National Institute on Drug Abuse and inserting National Institute on Diseases of Addiction; and

(B)

in section 412(a) (21 U.S.C. 1179(A)), by striking National Institute on Drug Abuse and inserting National Institute on Diseases of Addiction.

(c)

Reference

Any reference in any law, regulation, order, document, paper, or other record of the United States to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the National Advisory Council on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, and the National Advisory Council on Drug Abuse shall be deemed to be a reference to the National Institute on Diseases of Addiction, the National Institute on Alcohol Disorders and Health, the National Advisory Council on Alcohol Disorders and Health, and the National Advisory Council on Diseases of Addiction, respectively.

(d)

Rule of construction

Nothing in this Act shall be construed to alter the mission of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (renamed the National Institute on Alcohol Disorders and Health) or the National Institute on Drug Abuse (as renamed the National Institute on Diseases of Addiction) or have any substantive effect on the duties or responsibilities of such Institutes.

4.

The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

(a)

Findings

Congress makes the following findings:

(1)

Since it was established by Congress in 1962 at the request of President John F. Kennedy, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development has achieved an outstanding record of achievement in catalyzing a concentrated attack on the unsolved health problems of children and of mother-infant relationships by fulfilling its mission to—

(A)

ensure that every individual is born healthy and wanted, that women suffer no harmful effects from reproductive processes, and that all children have the chance to achieve their full potential for healthy and productive lives, free from disease or disability; and

(B)

ensure the health, productivity, independence, and well-being of all individuals through optimal rehabilitation.

(2)

The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development has made unparalleled contributions to the advancement of child health and human development, including significant efforts to—

(A)

reduce dramatically the rates of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, infant mortality, and maternal HIV transmission;

(B)

develop the Haemophilus Influenza B (Hib) vaccine, credited with nearly eliminating the incidence of mental retardation; and

(C)

conduct intramural research, support extramural research, and train thousands of child health and human development researchers who have contributed greatly to dramatic gains in child health throughout the world.

(3)

The vision, drive, and tenacity of one woman, Eunice Kennedy Shriver, was instrumental in proposing, passing, and enacting legislation to establish the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (Public Law 87–838) on October 17, 1962.

(4)

It is befitting and appropriate to recognize the substantial achievements of Eunice Kennedy Shriver, a tireless advocate for children with special needs, whose foresight in creating the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development gave life to the words of President Kennedy, who wished to encourage imaginative research into the complex processes of human development from conception to old age..

(b)

Amendments to the Public Health Service Act

The Public Health Service Act is amended—

(1)

in section 401(b)(7) (42 U.S.C. 281(b)(7)), by striking National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and inserting Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development;

(2)

in section 404B (42 U.S.C. 283d), by striking National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and inserting Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development;

(3)

in section 404E(a) (42 U.S.C. 283g(a)), by striking National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and inserting Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development;

(4)

in section 409D(c)(1) (42 U.S.C. 284h(c)(1)), by striking National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and inserting Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development;

(5)

in section 424(c)(3)(B)(vi) (42 U.S.C. 285b–7(c)(3)(B)(vi)), by striking National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and inserting Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development;

(6)

in section 430(b)(2)(B) (42 U.S.C. 285c–4(b)(2)(B)), by striking National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and inserting Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development;

(7)

in subpart 7 of part C of title IV (42 U.S.C. 285g et seq), by striking National Institute of Child Health and Human Development each place that such appears and inserting Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development;

(8)

in section 487B(a) (42 U.S.C. 288–2(a)), by striking National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and inserting Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development;

(9)

in section 519C(g)(2) (42 U.S.C. 290bb–25c(g)(2)), by striking National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and inserting Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development; and

(10)

in section 1122 (42 U.S.C. 300c–12), by striking National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and inserting Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.

(c)

Amendments to other Acts

(1)

Comprehensive Smoking Education Act

Section 3(b)(1)(A) of the Comprehensive Smoking Education Act (15 U.S.C. 1341(b)(1)(A)) is amended by striking National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and inserting Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.

(2)

Adult Education and Family Literacy Act

Sections 242 and 243 of the Adult Education and Family Literacy Act (20 U.S.C. 9252 and 9253) are amended by striking National Institute of Child Health and Human Development each place that such appears and inserting Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.

(3)

Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965

The Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.) is amended by striking National Institute of Child Health and Human Development each place that such appears and inserting Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.

(d)

Reference

Any reference in any law, regulation, order, document, paper, or other record of the United States to the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development shall be deemed to be a reference to the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.

August 1, 2007

Reported with an amendment