IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
February 27, 2007
Mrs. Clinton (for herself, Mr. Sununu, Mr. Reed, Mr. Kerry, Mr. Durbin, Mr. Nelson of Florida, Ms. Mikulski, Mr. Schumer, Mrs. Feinstein, Mr. Roberts, Mrs. Hutchison, and Mr. Lautenberg) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
To direct the Secretary of Transportation to issue regulations to reduce the incidence of child injury and death occurring inside or outside of light motor vehicles, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Cameron Gulbransen Kids and Cars
Safety Act of 2007.
Rulemaking regarding child safety
Power window safety
Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment
of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation (referred to in this Act as the
Secretary) shall issue regulations, applicable to light motor
vehicles, requiring power windows and panels to automatically reverse direction
when they detect an obstruction to prevent children from being trapped,
injured, or killed.
Not later than 24 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue regulations, applicable to light motor vehicles, requiring a rearward visibility performance standard that provides drivers with a means for detecting the presence of a person or object behind the vehicle to prevent death and injury resulting from backing incidents, particularly incidents involving small children and disabled persons.
The regulations issued pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) shall require—
a phase-in period, as determined by the Secretary, for compliance with the regulations, which period shall commence not later than 6 months after the date on which final rules are issued; and
that new light motor vehicles manufactured after the date that is 31/2 years after the issuance of the final rule shall comply with such regulations.
In requiring the phase-in of rearward visibility performance regulations under this subsection, the Secretary shall consider whether to give priority during the phase-in to types of light motor vehicles that have a comparatively larger or longer rear blind zone. If the Secretary determines that any type of light motor vehicles should be given priority, the Secretary shall issue regulations that specify—
which type or types of light motor vehicles shall be phased-in first; and
the percentages in which such light motor vehicles shall be phased-in.
Preventing vehicles from rolling away
Not later than 24 months after the date of the enactment
of this Act, the Secretary shall issue regulations to require light motor
vehicles that are equipped with an automatic transmission that includes a
Park position to have a system that requires the service brake
to be depressed before the transmission can be shifted out of
Park. This system shall function in any starting system key
position in which the transmission can be shifted out of
The regulation issued under paragraph (1) shall apply to light motor vehicles manufactured on or after September 1, 2010.
Publication of noncompliant vehicles
Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, for the current model year, and annually thereafter through 2010, each motor vehicle manufacturer shall submit to the Secretary the make and model of light motor vehicles that are equipped with automatic transmissions that do not comply with the regulations required under paragraph (1).
Not later than 30 days after receiving the information submitted under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall publish and otherwise make available to the public the make and model of the light motor vehicles that do not comply with the regulations required under paragraph (1). Any vehicle not included in the publication under this subparagraph will be assumed to comply with the regulations issued under paragraph (1).
Database on injuries and deaths in nontraffic, noncrash events
Not later than 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish and maintain a database of injuries and deaths in nontraffic, noncrash events involving light motor vehicles.
The database established pursuant to paragraph (1) shall include information regarding—
the number, types, and causes of injuries and deaths resulting from the events described in paragraph (1);
the make, model, and model year of light motor vehicles involved in such events; and
other variables that the Secretary determines will enhance the value of the database.
The Secretary shall make the information contained in the database established pursuant to paragraph (1) available to the public.
In this section:
Light motor vehicle
The term light motor vehicle means a motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle, with a gross vehicle weight rating of not more than 10,000 pounds.
Rear blind zone
The term rear blind zone means the area behind a light motor vehicle which the driver cannot see using the vehicle mirrors and windows provided as original equipment.
Child safety information program
Not later than 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide information about hazards to children in nontraffic, noncrash incident situations by—
supplementing an existing consumer information program relating to child safety; or
creating a new consumer information program relating to child safety.
In carrying out the program under subsection (a), the Secretary shall—
utilize information collected under section 2(e) regarding nontraffic, noncrash injuries, and other relevant data from private organizations, to establish priorities for the program;
address ways in which parents and caregivers can reduce risks to small children arising from backover incidents, hyperthermia in closed vehicles, accidental actuation of power windows, and any other risks that the Secretary determines should be addressed; and
make information related to the program available to the public through the Internet and other means.