H. R. 1147
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
February 24, 2009
Mr. Doyle (for himself, Mr. Terry, Ms. Eshoo, Ms. Zoe Lofgren of California, Mr. Wilson of South Carolina, Ms. Kilpatrick of Michigan, Mr. Hastings of Florida, Ms. Moore of Wisconsin, Mr. Paul, Mr. Brady of Pennsylvania, Mr. Tim Murphy of Pennsylvania, Ms. Schwartz, Mr. Payne, Mr. Hinojosa, Mr. Johnson of Illinois, Mr. Delahunt, Mr. Capuano, Mrs. McMorris Rodgers, Mrs. Blackburn, and Ms. Baldwin) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce
To implement the recommendations of the Federal Communications Commission report to the Congress regarding low-power FM service.
This Act may be cited as the
Local Community Radio Act of 2009.
Congress makes the following findings:
The passage of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 led to increased ownership consolidation in the radio industry.
At a hearing before the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation on June 4, 2003, all 5 members of the Federal Communications Commission testified that there has been, in at least some local radio markets, too much consolidation.
As a result of consolidation of media ownership, there have been strong financial incentives for companies to reduce local programming and rely instead on syndicated programming produced for hundreds of stations. A renewal of commitment to localism—local operations, local research, local management, locally originated programming, local artists, and local news and events—would bolster radio’s service to the public.
Local communities have sought to launch radio stations to meet their local needs. However, due to the scarce amount of spectrum available and the high cost of buying and running a large station, many local communities are unable to establish a radio station.
In 2003, the average cost to acquire a commercial radio station was more than $2,500,000.
In January 2000, the Federal Communications Commission authorized a new, affordable community radio service called
low-power FM or
enhance locally focused community-oriented radio broadcasting.
Through the creation of LPFM, the Commission sought to
create opportunities for new voices on the air waves and to allow local groups, including schools, churches, and other community-based organizations, to provide programming responsive to local community needs and interests.
The Commission made clear that the creation of LPFM would not compromise the integrity of the FM radio band by stating,
We are committed to creating a low-power FM radio service only if it does not cause unacceptable interference to existing radio service..
Currently, FM translator stations can operate on the second- and third-adjacent channels to full power radio stations, up to an effective radiated power of 250 watts, pursuant to part 74 of title 47, Code of Federal Regulations, using the very same transmitters that LPFM stations will use. The Commission based its LPFM rules on the actual performance of these translators that already operate without undue interference to FM stations. The actual interference record of these translators is far more useful than any results that further testing could yield.
Small rural broadcasters were particularly concerned about a lengthy and costly interference complaint process. Therefore, in September 2000, the Commission created a simple process to address interference complaints regarding LPFM stations on an expedited basis.
In December 2000, Congress delayed the full implementation of LPFM until an independent engineering study was completed and reviewed. This delay was due to some broadcasters’ concerns that LPFM service would cause interference in the FM band.
The delay prevented millions of Americans from having a locally operated, community-based radio station in their neighborhood.
Over 800 LPFM stations were allowed to proceed despite the congressional action. These stations are currently on the air and are run by local government agencies, groups promoting arts and education to immigrant and indigenous peoples, artists, schools, religious organizations, environmental groups, organizations promoting literacy, and many other civically oriented organizations.
After 2 years and the expenditure of $2,193,343 in taxpayer dollars to conduct this study, the broadcasters’ concerns were demonstrated to be unsubstantiated.
The FCC issued a report to Congress on February 19, 2004, which stated that
Congress should readdress this issue and modify the statute to eliminate the third-adjacent channel distance separation requirement for LPFM stations..
On November 27, 2007, the FCC again unanimously affirmed LPFM, stating in a news release about the passage of the Third Report and Order and Second Notice of Proposed Rulemaking that the Commission:
Recommends to Congress that it remove the requirement that LPFM stations protect full-power stations on operating on the third-adjacent channels. Five years after the release of the FCC’s report and recommendation, this recommendation has still not been acted upon.
Minorities represent almost a third of our population. However, according to the Federal Communication Commission's most recent Form 323 data on the race and gender of full power, commercial broadcast licensees, minorities own only 7 percent of all local television and radio stations. Women represent more than half of the population, but own only 6 percent of all local television and radio stations. LPFM stations, while not a solution to the overall inequalities in minority and female broadcast ownership, provide an additional opportunity for underrepresented communities to operate a station and provide local communities with a greater diversity of viewpoints and culture.
LPFM stations have proven to be a vital source of information during local or national emergencies. Out of the few stations that were able to stay online during Katrina, several were LPFM stations. In Bay St. Louis, Mississippi, LPFM station WQRZ remained on the air during Hurricane Katrina and served as the Emergency Operations Center for Hancock County. Additionally, after Hurricane Katrina when thousands of evacuees temporarily housed at the Houston Astrodome were unable to hear information about the availability of food and ice, the location of FEMA representatives, and the whereabouts of missing loved ones over the loud speakers, volunteers handed out thousands of transistor radios and established a LPFM station outside the Astrodome to broadcast such information.
Repeal of prior law
Section 632 of the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001 (Public Law 106–553; 114 Stat. 2762A–111), is repealed.
Minimum distance separation requirements
The Federal Communications Commission shall modify its rules to eliminate third-adjacent minimum distance separation requirements between—
low-power FM stations; and
full-service FM stations, FM translator stations, and FM booster stations.
Protection of radio reading services
The Federal Communications Commission shall retain its rules that provide third-adjacent channel protection for full-power non-commercial FM stations that broadcast radio reading services via a subcarrier frequency from potential low-power FM station interference.
Ensuring availability of spectrum for LPFM stations
The Federal Communications Commission when licensing FM translator stations shall ensure—
that licenses are available to both FM translator stations and low-power FM stations; and
that such decisions are made based on the needs of the local community.