H. R. 1179
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
February 25, 2009
Mr. Smith of New Jersey (for himself, Mr. Wolf, Mr. Stupak, and Mr. Holden) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce
To provide for the expansion of Federal efforts concerning the prevention, education, treatment, and research activities related to Lyme and other tick-borne diseases, including the establishment of a Tick-Borne Diseases Advisory Committee.
This Act may be cited as the
Lyme and Tick-Borne Diseases
Prevention, Education, and Research Act of 2009.
The Congress makes the following findings:
Lyme disease is a common but frequently misunderstood illness that, if not caught early and treated properly, can cause serious health problems.
Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi, which belongs to the class of spirochetes, and is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected black-legged ticks. Early signs of infection may include a rash and flu-like symptoms such as fever, muscle aches, headaches, and fatigue.
Although Lyme disease can be treated with antibiotics if caught early, the disease often goes undetected because it mimics other illnesses or may be misdiagnosed.
If an individual with Lyme disease does not receive treatment, such individual can develop severe heart, neurological, eye, and joint problems.
Although Lyme disease accounts for 90 percent of all vector-borne infections in the United States, the ticks that spread Lyme disease also spread other diseases, such as anaplasmosis, babesiosis, and tularemia, and carry Bartonella and other strains of Borrelia. Other tick species, such as the aggressive lone star, spread ehrlichiosis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and southern tick-associated rash illness (STARI). Multiple diseases in 1 patient make diagnosis and treatment more difficult.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported 27,444 new cases of Lyme disease in 2007, a 38 percent increase nationally from 2006. Studies indicate that the actual number of tick-borne disease cases is approximately 10 times the amount reported.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, from 1992 to 2006, the incidence of Lyme disease was highest among children aged 5 to 14 years of age.
Persistence of symptomatology in many patients without reliable testing makes treatment of patients more difficult.
Establishment of a tick-borne diseases advisory committee
later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary
of Health and Human Services (referred to in this Act as the
Secretary) shall establish within the Office of the Secretary an
advisory committee to be known as the Tick-Borne Diseases Advisory Committee
(referred to in this section as the
The Committee shall advise the Secretary and the Assistant Secretary for Health regarding the manner in which such officials can—
ensure interagency coordination and communication and minimize overlap regarding efforts to address tick-borne diseases;
identify opportunities to coordinate efforts with other Federal agencies and private organizations addressing such diseases;
ensure interagency coordination and communication with constituency groups;
ensure that a broad spectrum of scientific viewpoints is represented in public health policy decisions and that information disseminated to the public and physicians is balanced; and
advise relevant Federal agencies on priorities related to the Lyme and tick-borne diseases.
The Secretary shall appoint the voting members of the Committee from among individuals who are not officers or employees of the Federal Government.
The voting members of the Committee shall include the following:
At least 4 members from the scientific community representing the broad spectrum of viewpoints held within the scientific community related to Lyme and other tick-borne diseases.
At least 2 representatives of tick-borne disease voluntary organizations.
At least 2 health care providers, including at least 1 full-time practicing physician, with relevant experience providing care for individuals with a broad range of acute and chronic tick-borne diseases.
At least 2 patient representatives who are individuals who have been diagnosed with a tick-borne disease or who have had an immediate family member diagnosed with such a disease.
At least 2 representatives of State and local health departments and national organizations that represent State and local health professionals.
In appointing members under this paragraph, the Secretary shall ensure that such members, as a group, represent a diversity of scientific perspectives relevant to the duties of the Committee.
Ex officio members
The Secretary shall designate, as nonvoting, ex officio members of the Committee, representatives overseeing tick-borne disease activities from each of the following Federal agencies:
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The National Institutes of Health.
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
The Food and Drug Administration.
The Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health.
Such additional Federal agencies as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
The Secretary shall designate the Assistant Secretary of Health as the co-chairperson of the Committee. The appointed members of the Committee shall also elect a public co-chairperson. The public co-chairperson shall serve a 2-year term.
Term of appointment
The term of service for each member of the Committee appointed under paragraph (1) shall be 4 years.
A vacancy in the membership of the Committee shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment. Any member appointed to fill a vacancy for an unexpired term shall be appointed for the remainder of that term. Members may serve after the expiration of their terms until their successors have taken office.
The Committee shall hold public meetings, except as otherwise determined by the Secretary, after providing notice to the public of such meetings, and shall meet at least twice a year with additional meetings subject to the call of the co-chairpersons. Agenda items with respect to such meetings may be added at the request of the members of the Committee, including the co-chairpersons. Meetings shall be conducted, and records of the proceedings shall be maintained, as required by applicable law and by regulations of the Secretary.
Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Committee, through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Director of the National Institutes of Health, shall submit a report to the Secretary. Each such report shall contain, at a minimum—
a description of the Committee’s functions;
a list of the Committee’s members and their affiliations; and
a summary of the Committee’s activities and recommendations during the previous year, including any significant issues regarding the functioning of the Committee.
Authorization of Appropriations
For the purpose of carrying out this section, there is authorized to be appropriated $250,000 for each of fiscal years 2010 through 2014. Amounts appropriated under the preceding sentence shall be used for the expenses and per diem costs incurred by the Committee under this section in accordance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act, except that no voting member of the Committee shall be a permanent salaried employee.
Federal activities related to the diagnosis, surveillance, prevention, and research of lyme and other tick-borne diseases
The Secretary, acting as appropriate through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Director of the National Institutes of Health, the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, and the Director of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, as well as additional Federal agencies as the Secretary determines to be appropriate, and in consultation with the Tick-Borne Diseases Advisory Committee, shall provide for—
the conduct or support of activities described in paragraphs (1) through (4) of subsection (b); and
the coordination of all Federal programs and activities related to Lyme disease and other tick-borne diseases.
The activities to be conducted or supported under subsection (a) include the following:
Development of diagnostic tests
The development of sensitive and more accurate diagnostic tools and tests, including a direct detection test for Lyme disease capable of distinguishing active infection from past infection.
Improving the efficient utilization of diagnostic testing currently available to account for the multiple clinical manifestations of both acute and chronic Lyme disease.
Providing for the timely evaluation of promising emerging diagnostic methods.
Surveillance and reporting
Accurately determining the prevalence of Lyme and other tick-borne disease.
Evaluating the feasibility of developing a reporting system for the collection of data on physician-diagnosed cases of Lyme disease that do not meet the surveillance criteria of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in order to more accurately gauge disease incidence.
Evaluating the feasibility of creating a national uniform reporting system including required reporting by laboratories in each State.
The provision and promotion of access to a comprehensive, up-to-date clearinghouse of peer-reviewed information on Lyme and other tick-borne disease.
Increased public education related to Lyme and other tick-borne diseases through the expansion of the community-based education programs of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to include expansion of information access points to the public.
The creation of a physician education program that includes the full spectrum of scientific research related to Lyme and other tick-borne diseases.
The sponsoring of scientific conferences on Lyme and other tick-borne diseases, including reporting and consideration of the full spectrum of clinically based knowledge, with the first of such conferences to be held not later than 24 months after the date of the enactment of this Act.
Clinical outcomes research
The establishment of epidemiological research objectives to determine the long-term course of illness for Lyme disease.
Determination of the effectiveness of different treatment modalities by establishing treatment outcome objectives.
Authorization of appropriations
For the purposes of carrying out this section and providing for additional research, prevention, and educational activities for Lyme and other tick-borne diseases, there is authorized to be appropriated $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2010 through 2014. Such authorization of appropriations is in addition to any other authorization of appropriations available for such purpose. Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated under this subsection—
for fiscal year 2010, at least $7,500,000 shall be for activities of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; and
for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2014, at least $5,000,000 shall be for activities of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Reports on lyme and other tick-borne diseases
Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Congress a report on the activities carried out under this Act.
Reports under subsection (a) shall contain—
a description of significant activities or developments related to the surveillance, diagnosis, treatment, education, or prevention of Lyme or other tick-borne diseases, including suggestions for further research and education;
a scientifically qualified assessment of Lyme and other tick-borne diseases, including both acute and chronic instances, related to the broad spectrum of empirical evidence of treating physicians, as well as published peer-reviewed data, that shall include recommendations for addressing research gaps in diagnosis and treatment of Lyme and other tick-borne diseases and an evaluation of treatment guidelines and their utilization;
a description of progress in the development of accurate diagnostic tools that are more useful in the clinical setting for both acute and chronic disease;
a description of activities for the promotion of public awareness and physician education initiatives to improve the knowledge of health care providers and the public regarding clinical and surveillance practices for Lyme disease and other tick-borne diseases; and
a copy of the most recent annual report issued by the Tick-Borne Diseases Advisory Committee established in section 3 and an assessment of progress in achieving recommendations of that Committee.