H. R. 1283
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
March 3, 2009
Mrs. Tauscher (for herself, Mr. Abercrombie, Mr. Ackerman, Mr. Andrews, Ms. Baldwin, Ms. Berkley, Mr. Berman, Mr. Bishop of New York, Mr. Blumenauer, Mr. Brady of Pennsylvania, Mrs. Capps, Mr. Capuano, Mr. Carson of Indiana, Ms. Castor of Florida, Mrs. Christensen, Ms. Clarke, Mr. Clay, Mr. Cleaver, Mr. Cohen, Mr. Conyers, Mr. Courtney, Mr. Crowley, Mr. Cummings, Mrs. Davis of California, Mr. DeFazio, Mr. Delahunt, Ms. DeLauro, Mr. Dingell, Mr. Doyle, Ms. Edwards of Maryland, Mr. Ellison, Mr. Engel, Ms. Eshoo, Mr. Farr, Mr. Fattah, Mr. Filner, Mr. Frank of Massachusetts, Mr. Grijalva, Mr. Gutierrez, Mr. Hall of New York, Mr. Hare, Ms. Harman, Mr. Hastings of Florida, Mr. Hinchey, Ms. Hirono, Mr. Holt, Mr. Honda, Mr. Inslee, Mr. Israel, Ms. Eddie Bernice Johnson of Texas, Mr. Johnson of Georgia, Mr. Kennedy, Mr. Kucinich, Mr. Langevin, Mr. Larsen of Washington, Ms. Lee of California, Mr. Lewis of Georgia, Mr. Loebsack, Ms. Zoe Lofgren of California, Mrs. Lowey, Mr. Lynch, Mrs. Maloney, Mr. Markey of Massachusetts, Ms. Matsui, Mrs. McCarthy of New York, Ms. McCollum, Mr. McDermott, Mr. McGovern, Mr. Meek of Florida, Mr. Meeks of New York, Mr. Michaud, Mr. George Miller of California, Ms. Moore of Wisconsin, Mr. Moran of Virginia, Mr. Murphy of Connecticut, Mr. Patrick J. Murphy of Pennsylvania, Mr. Nadler of New York, Mrs. Napolitano, Ms. Norton, Mr. Oberstar, Mr. Olver, Mr. Pallone, Mr. Pascrell, Mr. Pastor of Arizona, Mr. Payne, Ms. Pingree of Maine, Mr. Polis of Colorado, Mr. Price of North Carolina, Ms. Ros-Lehtinen, Mr. Rothman of New Jersey, Ms. Roybal-Allard, Mr. Rush, Ms. Linda T. Sánchez of California, Ms. Loretta Sanchez of California, Mr. Sarbanes, Ms. Schakowsky, Mr. Schiff, Ms. Schwartz, Mr. Serrano, Mr. Sestak, Ms. Shea-Porter, Mr. Sherman, Mr. Sires, Ms. Slaughter, Mr. Smith of Washington, Ms. Speier, Mr. Stark, Ms. Sutton, Mr. Thompson of California, Mr. Tierney, Mr. Towns, Ms. Tsongas, Mr. Van Hollen, Ms. Velázquez, Ms. Wasserman Schultz, Ms. Watson, Mr. Waxman, Mr. Weiner, Mr. Welch, Mr. Wexler, Ms. Woolsey, and Mr. Wu) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Armed Services
To amend title 10, United States Code, to enhance the readiness of the Armed Forces by replacing the current policy concerning homosexuality in the Armed Forces, referred to as
Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell, with a policy of nondiscrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.
This Act may be cited as the
Military Readiness Enhancement Act of 2009.
The purpose of this Act is to institute in the Armed Forces a policy of nondiscrimination based on sexual orientation.
Repeal of 1993 policy concerning homosexuality in the Armed Forces
The following provisions of law are repealed:
Section 654 of title 10, United States Code.
Subsections (b), (c), and (d) of section 571 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (10 U.S.C. 654 note).
Establishment of policy of nondiscrimination based on sexual orientation in the Armed Forces
Establishment of policy
Chapter 37 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
Policy of nondiscrimination based on sexual orientation
The Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, may not discriminate on the basis of sexual orientation against any member of the Armed Forces or against any person seeking to become a member of the Armed Forces.
Discrimination on basis of sexual orientation
For purposes of this section, discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation is—
in the case of a member of the Armed Forces, the taking of any personnel or administrative action (including any action relating to promotion, demotion, evaluation, selection for an award, selection for a duty assignment, transfer, or separation) in whole or in part on the basis of sexual orientation; and
in the case of a person seeking to become a member of the Armed Forces, denial of accession into the Armed Forces in whole or in part on the basis of sexual orientation.
Personnel and Administrative Policies and Action
The Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, may not establish, implement, or apply any personnel or administrative policy, or take any personnel or administrative action (including any policy or action relating to promotions, demotions, evaluations, selections for awards, selections for duty assignments, transfers, or separations) in whole or in part on the basis of sexual orientation.
Rules and policies regarding conduct
Nothing in this section prohibits the Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, from prescribing or enforcing regulations governing the conduct of members of the Armed Forces if the regulations are designed and applied without regard to sexual orientation.
Re-accession of otherwise qualified persons permitted
Any person separated from the Armed Forces for homosexuality, bisexuality, or homosexual conduct in accordance with laws and regulations in effect before the date of the enactment of this section, if otherwise qualified for re-accession into the Armed Forces, shall not be prohibited from re-accession into the Armed Forces on the sole basis of such separation.
In this section, the term
sexual orientation means heterosexuality, homosexuality, or bisexuality, whether the orientation is real or perceived, and includes statements and consensual sexual conduct manifesting heterosexuality, homosexuality, or bisexuality.
The table of sections at the beginning of such chapter is amended—
by striking the item relating to section 654; and
by adding at the end the following new item:
656. Policy of nondiscrimination based on sexual orientation in the Armed Forces.
Title 10, United States Code, is amended as follows:
Section 481 is amended—
In subsection (a)(2), by inserting
, including sexual orientation discrimination, after
discrimination in subparagraphs (C) and (D); and
in subsection (c), by inserting
and sexual orientation-based after
gender-based both places it appears.
Section 983(a)(1) is amended by striking
(in accordance with section 654 of this title and other applicable Federal laws).
Section 1034(i)(3) is amended by inserting
sexual orientation, after
Nothing in this Act, or the amendments made by this Act, shall be construed to require the furnishing of dependent benefits in violation of section 7 of title 1, United States Code (relating to the definitions of
spouse and referred to as the
Defense of Marriage Act).
No private cause of action for damages
Nothing in this Act, or the amendments made by this Act, shall be construed to create a private cause of action for damages.
Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall revise Department of Defense regulations, and shall issue such new regulations as may be necessary, to implement section 656 of title 10, United States Code, as added by section 4(a). The Secretary of Defense shall further direct the Secretary of each military department to revise regulations of that military department in accordance with section 656 of title 10, United States Code, as added by section 4(a), not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act. Such revisions shall include the following:
Revision of all equal opportunity and human relations regulations, directives, and instructions to add sexual orientation nondiscrimination to the Department of Defense Equal Opportunity policy and to related human relations training programs.
Revision of Department of Defense and military department personnel regulations to eliminate procedures for involuntary discharges based on sexual orientation.
Revision of Department of Defense and military department regulations governing victims’ advocacy programs to include sexual orientation discrimination among the forms of discrimination for which members of the Armed Forces and their families may seek assistance.
Regulation of conduct
The Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, shall ensure that regulations governing the personal conduct of members of the Armed Forces shall be written and enforced without regard to sexual orientation.
In this section, the term
sexual orientation has the meaning given that term in section 656(f) of title 10, United States Code, as added by section 4(a).