H. R. 1523
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
March 16, 2009
Mr. Markey of Massachusetts (for himself and Ms. Baldwin) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce
To ban the use of bisphenol A in food containers, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Ban Poisonous Additives Act of 2009.
Ban on use of bisphenol A in food and beverage containers
Treatment of bisphenol A as adulterating the food or beverage
For purposes of applying section 402(a)(6) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 342(a)(6)), a food container (which for purposes of this Act includes a beverage container) that is composed, in whole or in part, of bisphenol A, or that can release bisphenol A into food (as defined for purposes of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act), shall be treated as a container described in such section (relating to containers composed, in whole or in part, of a poisonous or deleterious substance which may render the contents injurious to health).
Reusable food containers
In this Act, the term reusable food container means a reusable food container that does not contain a food item when it is introduced or delivered for introduction into interstate commerce.
Subsection (a) shall apply to reusable food containers on the date that is 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act.
Other food containers
Subsection (a) shall apply to food containers that are packed with a food and introduced or delivered for introduction into interstate commerce on or after the date that is 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act.
The Secretary of Health and Human Services (referred to in this Act as the
Secretary), after public notice and opportunity for comment, may grant to any facility (as that term is defined in section 415 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 350d)) a waiver of the treatment described in subsection (a) for a certain type of food container, as used for a particular food product, if such facility—
demonstrates that it is not technologically feasible to replace bisphenol A in such type of container for such particular food product; and
submits to the Secretary a plan and timeline for removing bisphenol A from such type of container for that food product.
A waiver granted under paragraph (1) shall constitute a waiver of the treatment described in subsection (a) for any facility that manufactures, processes, packs, holds, or sells the particular food product for which the waiver was granted.
Any product for which the Secretary grants such a waiver shall display a prominent warning on the label that the container contains bisphenol A, in a manner that the Secretary shall require, which manner shall ensure adequate public awareness of potential health effects associated with bisphenol A.
Any waiver granted under paragraph (1) shall be valid for not longer than 1 year after the applicable effective date in subsection (b).
Renewal of waiver
The Secretary may renew any waiver granted under subparagraph (A) for a period of not more than 1 year.
List of substances that are generally recognized as safe
The Secretary, acting through the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, shall, not later than 1 year after enactment of this Act and not less than once every 5 years thereafter, review—
the substances that are generally recognized as safe, listed in part 182 of title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulations);
the direct food substances affirmed as generally recognized as safe, listed in part 184 of title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulations); and
the indirect food substances affirmed as generally recognized as safe, listed in part 186 of title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulations).
In conducting the review described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall provide public notice and opportunity for comment.
If, after conducting the review described in paragraph (1), the Secretary determines that, with regard to a substance listed in such part 182, 184, or 186, new scientific evidence, including scientific evidence showing that the substance causes reproductive or developmental toxicity in humans or animals, supports—
banning a substance;
altering the conditions under which a substance may be introduced into interstate commerce; or
imposing restrictions on the types of products for which the substance may be used,
In this Act, the term reproductive or developmental toxicity has the meaning given such term in section 409(h)(6) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, as amended by section 3.
Nothing in this Act shall affect the right of a State, political subdivision of a State, or Indian tribe to adopt or enforce any regulation, requirement, liability, or standard of performance that is more stringent than a regulation, requirement, liability, or standard of performance under this Act or that—
applies to a product category not described in this Act; or
requires the provision of a warning of risk, illness, or injury associated with the use of food containers composed of bisphenol A.
Amendments to section 409 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
Subsection (h) of section 409 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 348(h)(1)) is amended—
in paragraph (1)—
manufacturer or supplier for a food contact substance may and inserting
manufacturer or supplier for a food contact substance shall;
notify the Secretary of;
, and of and inserting
; (B); and
by striking the period after
subsection (c)(3)(A) and inserting
; (C) the determination of the manufacturer or supplier that no adverse health effects result from low dose exposures to the food contact substance; and (D) the determination of the manufacturer or supplier that the substance has not been shown, after tests which are appropriate for the evaluation of the safety of food contact substances, to cause reproductive or developmental toxicity in humans or animals.; and
by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the following:
In this section—
the term food contact substance means any substance intended for use as a component of materials used in manufacturing, packing, packaging, transporting, or holding food if such use is not intended to have any technical effect in such food; and
the term reproductive or developmental toxicity means biologically adverse effects on the reproductive systems of female or male humans or animals, including alterations to the female or male reproductive system development, the related endocrine system, fertility, pregnancy, pregnancy outcomes, or modifications in other functions that are dependent on the integrity of the reproductive system.