< Back to H.R. 1612 (111th Congress, 2009–2010)

Text of the Public Lands Service Corps Act of 2010

This bill was introduced in a previous session of Congress and was passed by the House on March 20, 2010 but was never passed by the Senate. The text of the bill below is as of Sep 27, 2010 (Reported by Senate Committee).

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II

Calendar No. 609

111th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 1612

[Report No. 111–323]

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

March 26 (legislative day, March 25), 2010

Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources

September 27, 2010

Reported by , with an amendment

Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed in italic

AN ACT

To amend the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 to expand the authorization of the Secretaries of Agriculture, Commerce, and the Interior to provide service opportunities for young Americans; help restore the nation’s natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational and scenic resources; train a new generation of public land managers and enthusiasts; and promote the value of public service.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Public Lands Service Corps Act of 2010.

2.

Reference

Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in this Act an amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or a repeal of, a section or other provision, the reference shall be considered to be made to a section or other provision of the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 (16 U.S.C. 1721 et seq.; title II of Public Law 91–378).

3.

Amendments to the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993

(a)

Name and project description changes

The Act is amended—

(1)

by striking Public Lands Corps each place it appears and inserting Public Lands Service Corps;

(2)

in the title heading, by striking PUBLIC LANDS CORPS and inserting PUBLIC LANDS SERVICE CORPS;

(3)

in the section 204—

(A)

in the section heading, by striking public lands corps and inserting public lands service corps; and

(B)

in the heading of subsection (a), by striking Public Lands Corps and inserting Public Lands Service Corps;

(4)

in the heading of paragraph (2) of section 210(a), by striking Public lands corps and inserting Public lands service corps;

(5)

by striking conservation center each place it appears and inserting residential conservation center; and

(6)

by striking appropriate conservation projects each place it appears (except in paragraph (1) of section 204(e) as so redesignated) and inserting appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation projects.

(b)

Findings

Section 202(a) of the Act is amended as follows:

(1)

In paragraph (1), by striking the natural and cultural and inserting natural and cultural.

(2)

By redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively, and by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:

(2)

Participants in conservation corps receive meaningful training and their experience with such corps provides preparation for careers in public service.

(3)

Young men and women who participate in the rehabilitation and restoration of our Nation’s natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, and scenic treasures will gain an increased appreciation and understanding of our public lands and heritage, and of the value of public service, and are likely to become life-long advocates for those values.

.

(3)

In paragraph (4) (as so redesignated), by inserting , cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, and scenic after Many facilities and natural.

(4)

By adding at the end the following:

(6)

The work of conservation corps can benefit communities adjacent to public lands and facilities through renewed civic engagement and participation by corps participants and those they serve; improved student achievement; and restoration and rehabilitation of public assets.

.

(c)

Purpose

Section 202(b) of the Act is amended to read as follows:

(b)

Purposes

The purposes of this Act are to—

(1)

introduce young men and women to public service while furthering their understanding and appreciation of the Nation’s natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, and scenic resources;

(2)

facilitate training and recruitment opportunities in which service is credited as qualifying experience for careers in public land management;

(3)

instill in a new generation of young men and women from across the Nation, including those from diverse backgrounds, the desire to seek careers in natural and cultural resource stewardship and public service by allowing them to work directly with professionals in agencies responsible for the management of the Nation’s natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, and scenic resources;

(4)

perform, in a cost-effective manner, appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation projects where such projects are not being performed by existing employees;

(5)

assist governments and Indian tribes in performing research and public education tasks associated with natural and cultural resources;

(6)

expand educational opportunities by rewarding individuals who participate in national service with an increased ability to pursue higher education or job training; and

(7)

promote public understanding and appreciation of the individual missions and natural and cultural resources conservation work of the Federal agencies through training opportunities, community service and outreach, and other appropriate means.

.

(d)

Definitions

Section 203 of the Act is amended as follows:

(1)

By amending paragraphs (1) and (2) to read as follows:

(1)

Appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation project

The term appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation project means any project for the conservation, restoration, construction, or rehabilitation of natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, or scenic resources on public lands.

(2)

Corps and Public Lands Service Corps

The terms Corps and Public Lands Service Corps mean the Public Lands Service Corps established under section 204 of this title.

.

(2)

By striking paragraphs (3) and (8).

(3)

By redesignating paragraphs (4), (5), (6), (7), (9), (10), (11), (12), and (13) as paragraphs (3) through (11), respectively.

(4)

By amending paragraph (7) (as so redesignated) to read as follows:

(7)

Public lands

The term public lands means any lands or waters (or interest therein) owned or administered by the United States, including those areas of coastal and ocean waters, the Great Lakes and their connecting waters, and submerged lands over which the United States exercises jurisdiction, except that such term does not include any Indian lands.

.

(5)

In paragraph (8) (as so redesignated)—

(A)

in subparagraph (B), by striking and at the end;

(B)

in subparagraph (C), by striking the period and inserting ; and; and

(C)

by adding at the end the following:

(D)

makes available for audit for each fiscal year for which the qualified youth or conservation corps receives Federal funds under this Act, information pertaining to the expenditure of the funds, any matching funds, and participant demographics.

.

(6)

In paragraph (10) (as so redesignated)—

(A)

in subparagraph (A), by striking and at the end;

(B)

in subparagraph (B), by striking the period and inserting ; and; and

(C)

by adding at the end the following:

(C)

with respect to the National Marine Sanctuary System, coral reefs, and other coastal, estuarine, and marine habitats, and other lands and facilities administered by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Secretary of Commerce.

.

(7)

By adding at the end the following:

(12)

Residential conservation centers

The term residential conservation centers means the facilities authorized under section 205.

(13)

Consulting intern

The term consulting intern means a consulting intern selected under section 206.

(14)

Public Lands Service Corps participant

The term Public Lands Service Corps participant, Corps participant or participant of the Corps means an individual who is enrolled in the Public Lands Service Corps pursuant to section 204(b).

.

(e)

Public lands service corps program

Section 204 of the Act is amended as follows:

(1)

In subsection (a)—

(A)

in the heading, by adding at the end Program

(B)

by striking and the Department of Agriculture a and inserting , the Department of Agriculture, and the Department of Commerce a service and training program titled the; and

(C)

by adding at the end the following: The Secretary of the Interior shall establish a department-level office to coordinate Public Lands Service Corps activities within the Department of the Interior. The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish within the U.S. Forest Service an office to coordinate Public Lands Service Corps activities within that agency. The Secretary of Commerce shall establish within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration an office to coordinate Public Lands Service Corps activities within that agency. The Secretary of each department shall designate a Public Lands Service Corps coordinator for each agency within that department that administers Public Lands Service Corps activities..

(2)

By amending subsection (b) to read as follows:

(b)

Participants

The Secretary may enroll in the Public Lands Service Corps individuals between the ages of 16 and 25, inclusive, who are either hired by an agency under the Secretary’s jurisdiction to perform work authorized under this Act or who are members of a qualified youth or conservation corps with which the Secretary has entered into a cooperative agreement to perform work authorized under this Act. The Secretary may also enroll resource assistants and consulting interns. All enrollees shall be considered Public Lands Service Corps participants, and may be enrolled for a term of up to 24 months of service, which may be served over more than two calendar years. The individuals may be enrolled without regard to the civil service and classification laws, rules, or regulations of the United States. The Secretary may establish a preference for the enrollment in the Corps of individuals who are economically, physically, or educationally disadvantaged.

.

(3)

In subsection (c)—

(A)

in paragraph (1)—

(i)

by striking contracts and;

(ii)

by inserting natural and cultural resources after appropriate; and

(iii)

by striking subsection (d) and inserting subsection (e);

(B)

by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);

(C)

by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:

(2)

Recruitment

The Secretary shall undertake, or enter into cooperative agreements to provide, a program to attract eligible youth to the Corps by publicizing Corps opportunities through high schools, colleges, employment centers, electronic media, and other appropriate institutions or means.

; and

(D)

by amending paragraph (3) (as so redesignated) to read as follows:

(3)

Preference

For purposes of entering into cooperative agreements under paragraph (1), the Secretary may give preference to qualified youth or conservation corps located in a specific area that have a substantial portion of members who are economically, physically, or educationally disadvantaged to carry out projects within the area.

.

(4)

By redesignating subsections (d) through (f) as subsections (e) through (g), respectively.

(5)

By inserting after subsection (c) the following:

(d)

Training

The Secretary shall establish a training program based at appropriate residential conservation centers or at other suitable regional Federal or other appropriate facilities or sites to provide training for Corps participants. The Secretary shall—

(1)

ensure that the duration and comprehensiveness of the training program shall be commensurate with the projects Corps participants are expected to undertake;

(2)

develop department-wide standards for the program that include training in—

(A)

resource stewardship;

(B)

ethics for those in public service;

(C)

principles of national service;

(D)

health and safety;

(E)

teamwork and leadership; and

(F)

interpersonal communications;

(3)

direct each participating agency to develop agency-specific training guidelines to ensure that Corps participants enrolled to undertake projects for that agency are appropriately informed about matters specific to that agency, including—

(A)

the history and organization of the agency;

(B)

the agency’s core values; and

(C)

any agency-specific standards for the management of natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, and scenic resources; and

(4)

take into account training already received by Corps participants enrolled from qualified youth or conservation corps, including in the matters outlined in paragraph (2).

.

(6)

In subsection (e) (as so redesignated)—

(A)

in paragraph (1)—

(i)

by striking The Secretary may utilize the Corps or any qualified youth or conservation corps to carry out appropriate and inserting The Secretary may use Corps participants to carry out, under appropriate supervision and training, appropriate natural and cultural resource; and

(ii)

by striking law on public lands. and inserting the following:

law. Such projects may include, but are not limited to—

(A)

protection, restoration, or enhancement of ecosystem components to promote species recovery, improve biological diversity, enhance productivity and carbon sequestration, and enhance adaptability and resilience of public lands and resources in the face of climate change and other natural and human disturbances;

(B)

promoting the health of forests and public lands, refuges, and coastal and marine areas, including—

(i)

protection and restoration of watersheds and forest, riparian, estuarine, grassland, coral reef, intertidal, or other habitat;

(ii)

reduction of wildfire risk and mitigation of damage from insects, disease, and disasters;

(iii)

erosion control;

(iv)

control or removal of invasive, noxious, or non-native species;

(v)

restoration of native species; and

(vi)

projects under the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (Public Law 108–148);

Projects under this subparagraph shall be considered priority projects;
(C)

collection of biological, archaeological, and other scientific data, including monitoring of climatological information, species populations and movement, habitat status, and other factors;

(D)

assisting in historical and cultural research, archival and curatorial work, oral history projects, documentary photography, and activities that support the creation of public works of art related to public lands; and

(E)

construction, repair, rehabilitation, green building retrofitting, and maintenance of roads, trails, campgrounds, and other facilities, employee housing, cultural and historic sites and structures, and facilities that further the purposes of the Public Lands Service Corps.

.

(B)

By redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively.

(C)

By inserting after paragraph (1) the following:

(2)

Visitor services

The Secretary may—

(A)

enter into or amend an existing cooperative agreement with a cooperating association, educational institute, friends group, or similar nonprofit partner organization for the purpose of providing training and work experience to Corps participants in areas including, but not limited to, sales, office work, accounting, and management provided that the work experience directly relates to the protection and management of the public lands; and

(B)

allow Corps participants to help promote visitor safety and enjoyment of public lands, and assist in the gathering of visitor use data.

(3)

Interpretation

The Secretary may assign Corps participants to provide interpretation or education services for the public under the appropriate direction and supervision of agency personnel, including—

(A)

providing orientation and information services to visitors, including services for non-English speaking visitors and visitors who use American Sign Language;

(B)

assisting agency personnel in the delivery of interpretive or educational programs, including outdoor learning and classroom learning;

(C)

presenting programs on Federal lands or at schools, after-school programs, and youth-serving community programs that relate the personal experience of the Corps participant for the purpose of promoting public awareness of the Corps, its role in public land management agencies, and its availability to potential participants; and

(D)

creating nonpersonal interpretive products, such as Web site content, Junior Ranger program books, printed handouts, and audiovisual programs.

.

(D)

In paragraph (4) (as so redesignated), by striking Appropriate conservation projects and inserting Appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation projects.

(7)

In subsection (g) (as so redesignated), by striking appropriate conservation project inserting appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation project.

(8)

By amending the text of subsection (f) (as so redesignated), by inserting involve improvements to Federal property and after preference to those projects which.

(9)

By amending the text of subsection (f)(2) (as so redesignated) to read as follows: will instill in Corps participants a work ethic and a sense of public service;.

(10)

In subsection (g) (as so redesignated), by striking on eligible service lands.

(11)

By adding at the end the following:

(h)

Other participants

The Secretary may allow volunteers from other programs administered or designated by the Secretary to participate as volunteers in projects carried out under this section on such terms as the Secretary considers appropriate.

.

(f)

Residential conservation centers and program support

Section 205 of the Act is amended as follows:

(1)

In the section heading, by striking Conservation and inserting Residential conservation.

(2)

In subsection (a)—

(A)

by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:

(1)

In general

The Secretary may establish residential conservation centers for—

(A)

such housing, food service, medical care, transportation, and other services as the Secretary deems necessary for the Public Lands Service Corps; and

(B)

the conduct of appropriate residential conservation projects under this Act.

;

(B)

by striking paragraph (2) and redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively;

(C)

in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated)—

(i)

in the text, by inserting residential before conservation centers; and

(ii)

in the heading, by inserting residential before conservation centers; and

(D)

in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated), by striking with a State or and inserting a cooperative agreement with another Federal, State, or.

(3)

In subsection (b)—

(A)

by striking The Secretary and inserting the following:

(1)

The Secretary

; and

(B)

by adding at the end the following:

(2)

The Secretary may make arrangements with other Federal agencies, States, local, and tribal governments, or private organizations to provide temporary housing as needed and available.

(3)

In project areas where Corps participants can reasonably be expected to reside at their own homes, the Secretary may fund or provide transportation to and from project sites.

.

(4)

By redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (g).

(5)

By inserting after subsection (c) the following:

(d)

Facilities

The Secretary may, as an appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation project, direct Corps participants to aid in the rehabilitation or construction of residential conservation center facilities, including housing.

(e)

Green buildings

The Secretary may seek the assistance of the Secretary of Energy in identifying and using solar and other green building technologies and modular housing designs that may be adapted for residential conservation center facilities, including—

(1)

designs from the Department of Energy’s Solar Decathlon competition; and

(2)

logistical support, assistance, and training from Solar Decathlon participants.

(f)

Mentors

The Secretary may recruit from programs, such as agency volunteer programs, and from agency retirees, veterans groups, military retirees, active duty personnel, and from appropriate youth-serving organizations, such adults as may be suitable and qualified to provide training, mentoring, and crew-leading services to Corps participants.

.

(6)

In subsection (g) (as so redesignated), by striking are appropriate to carry out this title and inserting the Secretary determines to be necessary for the residential conservation center.

(g)

Resource assistants and consulting interns

Section 206 of the Act is amended as follows:

(1)

In the section heading, by inserting and consulting interns before the period.

(2)

In subsection (a), by striking The Secretary is authorized to provide individual placements of resource and inserting the following:

The Secretary is authorized, to provide individual placements of the following:

(1)

Resource

.

(3)

By inserting after subsection (a)(1) (as so designated), the following:

(2)

Consulting interns with any Federal land, coastal, or ocean management agency under the jurisdiction of the Secretary to carry out management analysis activities on behalf of the agency. To be eligible for selection as a consulting intern, an individual must be a current enrollee and have completed at least one full year at a graduate or professional school that has been accredited by an accrediting body that has been recognized by the Secretary of Education. The Secretary may select consulting interns without regard to the civil service and classification laws, rules, or regulations of the United States.

.

(4)

In subsection (b)—

(A)

by inserting or consulting interns before through private sources;

(B)

in the second sentence, before the period, by inserting ; up to 15 percent may be in-kind; and

(C)

by striking Resource Assistants and inserting resource assistants or consulting interns.

(5)

By adding at the end the following:

(c)

Cost sharing requirements

At the Secretary’s discretion, the requirements for cost sharing applicable to participating nonprofit organizations for the expenses of resource assistants and consulting interns under subsection (b) may be reduced to not less than 10 percent.

.

(h)

Technical amendment

The Act is amended by redesignating sections 207, 208, 209, 210, and 211 as sections 208, 209, 210, 211, and 212, respectively.

(i)

Guidance

The Act is amended by inserting after section 206 the following:

207.

Guidance

Not later than 18 months after funds are made available for this purpose, the Secretaries shall issue guidelines for the management of the Public Lands Service Corps programs for use by regional and State directors, and the supervisors of individual parks, forests, districts, sanctuaries, reserves, hatcheries, and refuges.

.

(j)

Living allowances and terms of service

Section 208 of the Act (as so redesignated) is amended—

(1)

by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:

(a)

Living allowances

The Secretary shall provide each Corps participant with a living allowance in an amount established by the Secretary. The Secretary may—

(1)

apply a cost-of-living differential to such allowances; and

(2)

reimburse Corps participants for travel costs at the beginning and end of their term of service if the Secretary deems appropriate.

;

(2)

by amending the text of subsection (b) to read as follows: Each Corp participant shall agree to participate in the Corps for such term of service as may be established by the Secretary enrolling or selecting the individual.;

(3)

in the heading of subsection (c), by adding at the end Preference and Future Employment; and

(4)

in subsection (c)—

(A)

by amending paragraphs (1) and (2) to read as follows:

(1)

grant to a participant of the Public Lands Service Corps credit for service time in the Corps to be used as qualifying experience toward future Federal hiring;

(2)

provide to a former participant of the Public Lands Service Corps noncompetitive hiring status for a period of not more than two years after the date on which the participant’s service with the Public Lands Service Corps is complete (not counting any time spent enrolled in an academic institution or trade school), if the candidate—

(A)

has served a minimum of 960 hours on an appropriate natural or cultural resource conservation project that included at least 120 hours through the Public Lands Service Corps; and

(B)

meets Office of Personnel Management qualification standards for the position to which the candidate is applying;

; and

(B)

by adding at the end the following:

(3)

develop a system to provide consideration for participants who cannot meet the requirements of paragraph (2);

(4)

provide to an individual who has successfully fulfilled the resource assistant program noncompetitive hiring status for a period of not more than two years after the date on which the individual has completed an undergraduate degree from an accredited institution;

(5)

provide to an individual who has successfully fulfilled the consulting internship program noncompetitive hiring status for a period of not more than two years after the date on which the individual has completed a graduate degree from an accredited institution; and

(6)

provide, or enter into cooperative agreements with qualified employment agencies to provide, alumni services such as job and education counseling, referrals, verification of service, communications, and other appropriate services to participants who have completed their Corps service.

.

(k)

National service educational awards

Section 209 of the Act (as so redesignated) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a), by striking If a and all that follows through shall be eligible and inserting If a Corps participant also serves in an approved national service position designated under subtitle C of title I of the National and Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12571 et seq.), the Corps participant shall be eligible; and

(2)

in subsection (b), by striking—

(A)

either participants in the Corps or resource assistants and inserting participants in the Corps; and

(B)

or a resource assistant.

(l)

Nondisplacement

Section 210 of the Act (as so redesignated) is amended to read as follows:

210.

Nondisplacement

The nondisplacement requirements of the National and Community Service Act of 1990 shall be applicable to all activities carried out by the Public Lands Service Corps participants.

.

(m)

Funding

Section 211 of the Act (as so redesignated) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a)(1)—

(A)

by striking appropriate conservation project each place it appears and inserting appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation project; and

(B)

by adding at the end the following: The Secretary may reduce to no less than 10 percent the non-Federal costs of a project when the Secretary determines that it is necessary to enable participation in the Public Lands Service Corps from a greater range of organizations.; and

(2)

in subsection (b)—

(A)

by inserting program after Corps; and

(B)

by inserting , consulting interns before and qualified youth.

(n)

Authorization of appropriations

Section 212 of the Act (as so redesignated) is amended—

(1)

by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:

(a)

In General

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this title $12,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015, of which no less than ¾ of the sums shall be made available for healthy forests restoration priority projects under section 204(e)(1)(B)(vi).

;

(2)

by striking subsection (b); and

(3)

by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).

(o)

Limitation on Use of Funds

No person or entity who is a party to a pending lawsuit against the dispensing Secretary is eligible to receive funds authorized or made available under this Act or amendments made by this Act.

(p)

Further Limitation on Use of Funds to Protect Children

No adult shall be eligible to receive funds or participate in the Public Lands Service Corps program under this Act or amendments made by this Act, if that person—

(1)

refuses to consent to a criminal history check;

(2)

makes a false statement in connection with such a criminal history check;

(3)

is registered, or is required to be registered, on a State sex offender registry or the National Sex Offender Registry established under the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006 (42 U.S.C. 16901 et seq.); or

(4)

has been convicted of murder, as described in section 1111 of title 18, United States Code.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Public Lands Service Corps Act of 2010.

2.

Amendment to short title

Section 201 of the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 (16 U.S.C. 1701 note; 107 Stat. 848) is amended to read as follows:

201.

Short title; references

(a)

Short title

This title may be cited as the Public Lands Service Corps Act of 1993.

(b)

References

Any reference contained in any law, regulation, document, paper, or other record of the United States to the Public Lands Corps Act of 1993 shall be considered to be a reference to the Public Lands Service Corps Act of 1993.

.

3.

Reference

A reference in this Act to the Act is a reference to the Public Lands Service Corps Act of 1993 (16 U.S.C. 1721 et seq.; title II of Public Law 91–378).

4.

Amendments to the Public Lands Service Corps Act of 1993

(a)

Name and project description changes

The Act is amended—

(1)

in the title heading, by striking Public lands corps and inserting Public lands service corps;

(2)

in section 204 (16 U.S.C. 1723), in the heading, by striking Public lands corps and inserting public lands service corps;

(3)

in section 210(a)(2) (16 U.S.C. 1729(a)(2)), in the heading, by striking Public lands;

(4)

by striking Public Lands Corps each place it appears and inserting Corps;

(5)

by striking conservation center each place it appears and inserting residential conservation center;

(6)

by striking conservation centers each place it appears and inserting residential conservation centers;

(7)

by striking appropriate conservation project each place it appears and inserting appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation project; and

(8)

by striking appropriate conservation projects each place it appears and inserting appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation projects.

(b)

Findings

Section 202(a) (16 U.S.C. 1721(a)) of the Act, as amended by subsection (a), is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (1)—

(A)

by striking Corps can benefit and inserting conservation corps can benefit; and

(B)

by striking the natural and cultural and inserting natural and cultural;

(2)

by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively;

(3)

by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:

(2)

Participants in conservation corps receive meaningful education and training, and their experience with conservation corps provides preparation for careers in public service.

(3)

Young men and women who participate in the rehabilitation and restoration of the natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, and scenic treasures of the United States will gain an increased appreciation and understanding of the public lands and heritage of the United States, and of the value of public service, and are likely to become life-long advocates for those values.

;

(4)

in paragraph (4) (as redesignated by paragraph (2)), by inserting , cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, and scenic after Many facilities and natural; and

(5)

by adding at the end the following:

(6)

The work of conservation corps can benefit communities adjacent to public lands and facilities through renewed civic engagement and participation by corps participants and those they serve, improved student achievement, and restoration and rehabilitation of public assets.

.

(c)

Purpose

Section 202(b) (16 U.S.C. 1721(b)) of the Act is amended to read as follows:

(b)

Purposes

The purposes of this Act are—

(1)

to introduce young men and women to public service while furthering their understanding and appreciation of the natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, and scenic resources of the United States;

(2)

to facilitate training and recruitment opportunities in which service is credited as qualifying experience for careers in the management of such resources;

(3)

to instill in a new generation of young men and women from across the United States, including young men and women from diverse backgrounds, the desire to seek careers in resource stewardship and public service by allowing them to work directly with professionals in agencies responsible for the management of the natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, and scenic resources of the United States;

(4)

to perform, in a cost-effective manner, appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation projects where such projects are not being performed by existing employees;

(5)

to assist State and local governments and Indian tribes in performing research and public education tasks associated with the conservation of natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, and scenic resources;

(6)

to expand educational opportunities on public lands and by rewarding individuals who participate in conservation corps with an increased ability to pursue higher education and job training;

(7)

to promote public understanding and appreciation of the missions and the natural and cultural resources conservation work of the participating Federal agencies through training opportunities, community service and outreach, and other appropriate means; and

(8)

to create a grant program for Indian tribes to establish the Indian Youth Service Corps so that Indian youth can benefit from carrying out projects on Indian lands that the Indian tribes and communities determine to be priorities.

.

(d)

Definitions

Section 203 (16 U.S.C. 1722) of the Act is amended—

(1)

by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (7), (8) through (10), and (11) through (13) as paragraphs (5) through (9), (11) through (13), and (15) through (17), respectively;

(2)

by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the following:

(1)

Appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation project

The term appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation project means any project for the conservation, restoration, construction, or rehabilitation of natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, or scenic resources.

(2)

Consulting intern

The term consulting intern means a consulting intern selected under section 206(a)(2).

(3)

Corps and public lands service corps

The terms Corps and Public Lands Service Corps mean the Public Lands Service Corps established under section 204(a).

(4)

Corps participant

The term Corps participant means an individual enrolled—

(A)

in the Corps or the Indian Youth Service Corps; or

(B)

as a resource assistant or consulting intern.

;

(3)

by inserting after paragraph (9) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)) the following:

(10)

Indian youth service corps

The term Indian Youth Service Corps means a qualified youth or conservation corps established under section 207 that—

(A)

enrolls individuals between the ages of 15 and 25, inclusive, a majority of whom are Indians; and

(B)

is established pursuant to a tribal resolution that describes the agreement between the Indian tribe and the qualified youth or conservation corps to operate an Indian Youth Service Corps program for the benefit of the members of the Indian tribe.

;

(4)

by amending paragraph (12) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)) to read as follows:

(12)

Public lands

The term public lands means any land or water (or interest therein) owned or administered by the United States, including those areas of coastal and ocean waters, the Great Lakes and their connecting waters, and submerged lands over which the United States exercises jurisdiction, except that such term does not include Indian lands.

;

(5)

by amending paragraph (13) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)) as follows:

(A)

in subparagraph (A)—

(i)

by striking full-time,;

(ii)

by inserting on eligible service lands after resource setting; and

(iii)

by striking 16 and inserting 15;

(B)

in subparagraph (B), by striking and at the end;

(C)

in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end and inserting ; and; and

(D)

by adding at the end the following:

(D)

makes available for audit for each fiscal year for which the qualified youth or conservation corps receives Federal funds under this Act, all information pertaining to the expenditure of the funds, any matching funds, and participant demographics.

;

(6)

by inserting after paragraph 13 (as redesignated by paragraph (1)) the following:

(14)

Residential conservation centers

The term residential conservation centers means the facilities authorized under section 205.

;

(7)

in paragraph (15) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)), by striking “206” and inserting 206(a)(1); and

(8)

in paragraph (16) (as redesignated by paragraph (1))—

(A)

in subparagraph (A), by striking and at the end;

(B)

in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end and inserting ; and; and

(C)

by adding at the end the following:

(C)

with respect to the National Marine Sanctuary System, coral reefs, and other coastal, estuarine, and marine habitats, and other lands and facilities administered by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Secretary of Commerce.

.

(e)

Public Lands Service Corps Program

Section 204 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1723), as amended by subsection (a), is amended—

(1)

by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) and subsections (d) through (f) as subsections (c) and (d) and subsections (f) through (h), respectively;

(2)

by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:

(a)

Establishment of Public Lands Service Corps

There is established in the Department of the Interior, the Department of Agriculture, and the Department of Commerce a Public Lands Service Corps.

(b)

Establishment of Corps Office; Coordinators; Liaison

(1)

Establishment of Offices

(A)

Department of the Interior

The Secretary of the Interior shall establish a department-level office to coordinate the Corps activities within the Department of the Interior.

(B)

Department of Agriculture

The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish within the Forest Service an office to coordinate the Corps activities within that agency.

(C)

Department of Commerce

The Secretary of Commerce shall establish within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration an office to coordinate the Corps activities within that agency.

(2)

Establishment of coordinators

The Secretary shall designate a Public Lands Service Corps coordinator for each agency under the jurisdiction of the Secretary that administers Corps activities.

(3)

Establishment of liaison

The Secretary of the Interior shall establish an Indian Youth Service Corps liaison that will—

(A)

provide outreach to Indian tribes about opportunities for establishing Corps and Indian Youth Service Corps programs; and

(B)

coordinate with the Tribal Liaison of the Corporation for National Service to identify and establish Corps and Indian Youth Service Corps opportunities for Indian youth.

;

(3)

by amending subsection (c) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)) to read as follows:

(c)

Participants

(1)

In general

The Secretary may enroll in the Corps individuals who are—

(A)

hired by an agency under the jurisdiction of the Secretary to perform work authorized under this Act; or

(B)

members of a qualified youth or conservation corps with which the Secretary has entered into a cooperative agreement to perform work authorized under this Act.

(2)

Resource assistants and consulting interns

The Secretary may also enroll in the Corps resource assistants and consulting interns in accordance with section 206(a).

(3)

Eligibility requirements

To be eligible for enrollment as a Corps participant, an individual shall—

(A)

be between the ages of 15 and 25, inclusive; and

(B)

satisfy the requirements of section 137(a)(5) of the National and Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12591(a)(5)).

(4)

Terms

Each Corps participant may be enrolled in the Corps for a term of up to 2 years of service, which may be served over a period that exceeds 2 calendar years.

(5)

Civil service

An individual may be enrolled as a Corps participant without regard to the civil service and classification laws, rules, or regulations of the United States.

(6)

Preference

The Secretary may establish a preference for the enrollment as Corps participants individuals who are economically, physically, or educationally disadvantaged.

;

(4)

in subsection (d) (as redesignated by paragraph (1))—

(A)

in paragraph (1)—

(i)

by striking contracts and; and

(ii)

by striking subsection (d) and inserting subsection (f);

(B)

by striking paragraph (2); and

(C)

by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:

(2)

Recruitment

The Secretary shall carry out, or enter into cooperative agreements to provide, a program to attract eligible youth to the Corps by publicizing Corps opportunities through high schools, colleges, employment centers, electronic media, and other appropriate institutions and means.

(3)

Preference

In entering into cooperative agreements under paragraph (1) or awarding competitive grants to Indian tribes or tribally authorized organizations under section 207, the Secretary may give preference to qualified youth or conservation corps that are located in specific areas where a substantial portion of members are economically, physically, or educationally disadvantaged.

;

(5)

by inserting after subsection (d) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)) the following:

(e)

Training

(1)

In general

The Secretary shall establish a training program based at appropriate residential conservation centers or at other suitable regional Federal or other appropriate facilities or sites to provide training for Corps participants.

(2)

Requirements

In establishing a training program under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall—

(A)

ensure that the duration and comprehensiveness of the training program shall be commensurate with the projects Corps participants are expected to undertake;

(B)

develop department-wide standards for the program that include training in—

(i)

resource stewardship;

(ii)

health and safety;

(iii)

ethics for individuals in public service;

(iv)

teamwork and leadership; and

(v)

interpersonal communications;

(C)

direct the participating agencies within the Department of the Interior, the Forest Service in the case of the Department of Agriculture, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the case of the Department of Commerce, to develop agency-specific training guidelines to ensure that Corps participants are appropriately informed about matters specific to that agency, including—

(i)

the history and organization of the agency;

(ii)

the mission of the agency; and

(iii)

any agency-specific standards for the management of natural, cultural, historic, archaeological, recreational, and scenic resources; and

(D)

take into account training already received by Corps participants enrolled from qualified youth or conservation corps.

;

(6)

in subsection (f) (as redesignated by paragraph (1))—

(A)

in paragraph (1)—

(i)

in the heading, by striking In general.— and inserting Use of Corps; projects.—;

(ii)

by striking The Secretary may utilize the Corps or any qualified youth or conservation corps to carry out and inserting the following:

(A)

In general

The Secretary may use the Corps to carry out, with appropriate supervision and training,

;

(iii)

by striking on public lands and inserting on on eligible service lands; and

(iv)

by adding at the end the following:

(B)

Projects

Appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation projects carried out under this section may include—

(i)

protecting, restoring, or enhancing ecosystem components to promote species recovery, improve biological diversity, enhance productivity and carbon sequestration, and enhance adaptability and resilience of eligible service lands and resources to climate change and other natural and human disturbances;

(ii)

promoting the health of eligible service lands, including—

(I)

protecting and restoring watersheds and forest, grassland, riparian, estuarine, marine, or other habitat;

(II)

reducing the risk of uncharacteristically severe wildfire and mitigating damage from insects, disease, and disasters;

(III)

controlling erosion;

(IV)

controlling and removing invasive, noxious, or nonnative species; and

(V)

restoring native species;

(iii)

collecting biological, archaeological, and other scientific data, including climatological information, species populations and movement, habitat status, and other information;

(iv)

assisting in historical and cultural research, museum curatorial work, oral history projects, documentary photography, and activities that support the creation of public works of art related to eligible service lands; and

(v)

constructing, repairing, rehabilitating, and maintaining roads, trails, campgrounds and other visitor facilities, employee housing, cultural and historic sites and structures, and other facilities that further the purposes of this Act.

;

(B)

by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively; and

(C)

by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:

(2)

Visitor services

The Secretary may—

(A)

enter into or amend an existing cooperative agreement with a cooperating association, educational institution, friends group, or similar nonprofit partner organization for the purpose of providing training and work experience to Corps participants in areas such as sales, office work, accounting, and management, provided that the work experience directly relates to the conservation and management of eligible service lands; and

(B)

allow Corps participants to help promote visitor safety and enjoyment of eligible service lands, and assist in the gathering of visitor use data.

(3)

Interpretation

The Secretary may permit Corps participants to provide interpretation or education services for the public under the direct and immediate supervision of an agency employee—

(A)

to provide orientation and information services to visitors;

(B)

to assist agency employees in the delivery of interpretive or educational programs where audience size, environmental conditions, safety, or other factors make such assistance desirable;

(C)

to present programs that relate the personal experience of the Corps participants for the purpose of promoting public awareness of the Corps, the role of the Corps in public land management agencies, and the availability of the Corps to potential participants; and

(D)

to create nonpersonal interpretive products, such as website content, Junior Ranger program books, printed handouts, and audiovisual programs.

;

(7)

in subsection (g) (as redesignated by paragraph (1))—

(A)

in the matter preceding the first paragraph, by striking those projects which and inserting priority projects and other projects that; and

(B)

by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:

(2)

will instill in Corps participants a work ethic and a sense of public service;

; and

(8)

by adding at the end the following:

(i)

Other Participants

The Secretary may allow volunteers from other programs administered or designated by the Secretary to participate as volunteers in projects carried out under this section.

(j)

Criminal History Checks

(1)

In General

The requirements of section 189D(b) of the National and Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12645g(b)) shall apply to each individual age 18 or older seeking—

(A)

to become a Corps participant;

(B)

to receive funds authorized under this Act; or

(C)

to supervise or otherwise have regular contact with Corps participants in activities authorized under this Act.

(2)

Eligibility Prohibition

If any of paragraphs (1) through (4) of section 189D(c) of the National and Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12645g(c)(1)–(4)) apply to an individual described in paragraph (1), that individual shall not be eligible for the position or activity described in paragraph (1), unless the Secretary provides an exemption for good cause.

.

(f)

Residential Conservation Centers and Program Support

Section 205 (16 U.S.C. 1724) of the Act is amended—

(1)

in the section heading, by striking Conservation and inserting Residential conservation;

(2)

in subsection (a)—

(A)

by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:

(1)

In general

The Secretary may establish residential conservation centers for—

(A)

such housing, food service, medical care, transportation, and other services as the Secretary deems necessary for Corps participants; and

(B)

the conduct of appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation projects under this Act.

;

(B)

by striking paragraph (2);

(C)

by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively;

(D)

in paragraph (2) (as redesignated by subparagraph (C)), in the heading, by striking for conservation centers; and

(E)

in paragraph (3) (as redesignated by subparagraph (C)), by striking a State or local government agency and inserting another Federal agency, State, local government,;

(3)

in subsection (b)—

(A)

by striking The Secretary and inserting the following:

(1)

In general

The Secretary

; and

(B)

by adding at the end the following:

(2)

Temporary housing

The Secretary may make arrangements with another Federal agency, State, local government, or private organization to provide temporary housing for Corps participants as needed and available.

(3)

Transportation

In project areas where Corps participants can reasonably be expected to reside at their own homes, the Secretary may fund or provide transportation to and from project sites.

;

(4)

by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (f);

(5)

by inserting after subsection (c) the following:

(d)

Facilities

The Secretary may, as an appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation project, direct Corps participants to aid in the construction or rehabilitation of residential conservation center facilities, including housing.

(e)

Mentors

The Secretary may recruit from programs, such as Federal volunteer and encore service programs, and from veterans groups, military retirees, and active duty personnel, such adults as may be suitable and qualified to provide training, mentoring, and crew-leading services to Corps participants.

; and

(6)

in subsection (f) (as redesignated by paragraph (4)), by striking that are appropriate and all that follows through the period and inserting that the Secretary determines to be necessary for a residential conservation center..

(g)

Resource Assistants and Consulting Interns

Section 206 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1725) is amended—

(1)

in the section heading, by inserting and consulting interns before the period;

(2)

by striking subsections (a) and (b) and inserting the following:

(a)

Authorization

(1)

Resource assistants

(A)

In general

The Secretary may provide individual placements of resource assistants with any agency under the jurisdiction of the Secretary that carries out appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation projects to carry out research or resource protection activities on behalf of the agency.

(B)

Eligibility

To be eligible for selection as a resource assistant, an individual shall be at least 17 years of age.

(C)

Preference

In selecting resource assistants for placement under this paragraph, the Secretary shall give a preference to individuals who are enrolled in an institution of higher education or are recent graduates from an institution of higher education, with particular attention given to ensuring full representation of women and participants from Historically Black Colleges and Universities, Hispanic-serving institutions, and Tribal Colleges and Universities.

(2)

Consulting interns

(A)

In general

The Secretary may provide individual placements of consulting interns with any agency under the jurisdiction of the Secretary that carries out appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation projects to carry out management analysis activities on behalf of the agency.

(B)

Eligibility

To be eligible for selection as a consulting intern, an individual shall be enrolled in, and have completed at least 1 full year at, a graduate or professional school that has been accredited by an accrediting body recognized by the Secretary of Education.

(b)

Use of Existing Nonprofit Organizations

(1)

In general

Whenever 1 or more nonprofit organizations can provide appropriate recruitment and placement services to fulfill the requirements of this section, the Secretary may implement this section through such organizations.

(2)

Expenses

Participating organizations shall contribute to the expenses of providing and supporting the resource assistants or consulting interns from sources of funding other than the Secretary, at a level of not less than 25 percent of the total costs (15 percent of which may be from in-kind sources) of each participant in the resource assistant or consulting intern program who has been recruited and placed through that organization.

(3)

Reporting

Each participating organization shall be required to submit an annual report evaluating the scope, size, and quality of the program, including the value of work contributed by the resource assistants and consulting interns, to the mission of the agency.

.

(h)

Technical Amendment

The Act is amended by redesignating sections 207 through 211 (16 U.S.C. 1726 through 1730) as sections 209 through 213, respectively.

(i)

Indian Youth Service Corps

The Act is amended by inserting after section 206 (16 U.S.C. 1725) the following:

207.

Indian youth service corps

(a)

Authorization of Cooperative Agreements and Competitive Grants

The Secretary is authorized to enter into cooperative agreements with, or make competitive grants to, Indian tribes and qualified youth or conservation corps for the establishment and administration of Indian Youth Service Corps programs to carry out appropriate natural and cultural resources conservation projects on Indian lands.

(b)

Application

To be eligible to receive assistance under this section, an Indian tribe or a qualified youth or conservation corps shall submit to the Secretary an application in such manner and containing such information as the Secretary may require, including—

(1)

a description of the methods by which Indian youth will be recruited for and retained in the Indian Youth Service Corps;

(2)

a description of the projects to be carried out by the Indian Youth Service Corps;

(3)

a description of how the projects were identified; and

(4)

an explanation of the impact of, and the direct community benefits provided by, the proposed projects.

.

(j)

Guidance

The Act is amended by inserting after section 207 (as amended by subsection (i)) the following:

208.

Guidance

Not later than 18 months after funds are made available to the Secretary to carry out this Act, the Secretary shall issue guidelines for the management of programs under the jurisdiction of the Secretary that are authorized under this Act.

.

(k)

Living Allowances and Terms of Service

Section 209 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1726) (as redesignated by subsection (h)) is amended by striking subsections (a), (b), and (c) and inserting the following:

(a)

Living allowances

(1)

In general

The Secretary shall provide each Corps participant with a living allowance in an amount established by the Secretary.

(2)

Cost-of-living differential; travel costs

The Secretary may—

(A)

apply a cost-of-living differential to the living allowances established under paragraph (1); and

(B)

if the Secretary determines reimbursement to be appropriate, reimburse Corps participants for travel costs at the beginning and end of the term of service of the Corps participants.

(b)

Terms of Service

(1)

In general

Each Corps participant shall agree to participate for such term of service as may be established by the Secretary.

(2)

Consultations

With respect to the Indian Youth Service Corps, the term of service shall be established in consultation with the affected Indian tribe or tribally authorized organization.

(c)

Hiring Preference and Future Employment

The Secretary may—

(1)

grant to a Corps participant credit for time served as a Corps participant, which may be used toward future Federal hiring;

(2)

provide to a former participant of the Corps or the Indian Youth Service Corps noncompetitive hiring status for a period of not more than 2 years after the date on which the service of the candidate in the Corps or the Indian Youth Service Corps was complete, if the candidate—

(A)

has served a minimum of 960 hours on an appropriate natural or cultural resources conservation project that included at least 120 hours through the Corps or the Indian Youth Service Corps; and

(B)

meets Office of Personnel Management qualification standards for the position for which the candidate is applying;

(3)

provide to a former resource assistant or consulting intern noncompetitive hiring status for a period of not more than 2 years after the date on which the individual has completed an undergraduate or graduate degree, respectively, from an accredited institution, if the candidate—

(A)

successfully fulfilled the resource assistant or consulting intern program requirements; and

(B)

meets Office of Personnel Management qualification standards for the position for which the candidate is applying; and

(4)

provide, or enter into contracts or cooperative agreements with qualified employment agencies to provide, alumni services such as job and education counseling, referrals, verification of service, communications, and other appropriate services to Corps participants who have completed the term of service.

.

(l)

National Service Educational Awards

Section 210 (16 U.S.C. 1727) of the Act (as redesignated by subsection (h)) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a) (as amended by subsection (a)(4)), in the first sentence—

(A)

by striking participant in the Corps or a resource assistant and inserting Corps participant; and

(B)

by striking participant or resource assistant and inserting Corps participant; and

(2)

in subsection (b)—

(A)

by striking either participants in the Corps or resource assistants and inserting Corps participants; and

(B)

by striking or a resource assistant.

(m)

Nondisplacement

Section 211 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1728) (as redesignated by subsection (h)) is amended by striking activities carried out and all that follows through the period and inserting Corps participants..

(n)

Funding

Section 212 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1729) (as redesignated by subsection (h)) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a)—

(A)

in paragraph (1)—

(i)

in the second sentence, by striking “non-federal sources” and inserting “sources other than the Secretary”; and

(ii)

by inserting after the second sentence the following: The Secretary may pay up to 90 percent of the costs of a project if the Secretary determines that the reduction is necessary to enable participation from a greater range of organizations or individuals.; and

(B)

in paragraph (2), by inserting or Indian Youth Service Corps after Corps each place it appears;

(2)

by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:

(b)

Funds Available Under National and Community Service Act

To carry out this Act, the Secretary shall be eligible to apply for and receive assistance under section 121(b) of the National and Community Service Act (42 U.S.C. 12571(b)).

; and

(3)

in subsection (c)—

(A)

by striking section 211 and inserting section 213; and

(B)

by inserting “or Indian Youth Service Corps” after “Corps”.

(o)

Authorization of Appropriations

Section 213 of the Act (16 U.S.C. 1730) (as redesignated by subsection (h)) is amended—

(1)

by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:

(a)

In General

There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this Act.

;

(2)

by striking subsection (b); and

(3)

by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).

September 27, 2010

Reported with an amendment