H.R. 2749 (111th): Food Safety Enhancement Act of 2009

Introduced:
Jun 08, 2009 (111th Congress, 2009–2010)
Status:
Died (Passed House)
Sponsor
John Dingell
Representative for Michigan's 15th congressional district
Party
Democrat
Text
Read Text »
Last Updated
Aug 03, 2009
Length
159 pages
Related Bills
H.Res. 691 (rule)

Agreed To (Simple Resolution)
Jul 30, 2009

 
Status

This bill was introduced in a previous session of Congress and was passed by the House on July 30, 2009 but was never passed by the Senate.

Progress
Introduced Jun 08, 2009
Referred to Committee Jun 08, 2009
Reported by Committee Jun 17, 2009
Failed Under Suspension Jul 29, 2009
Passed House Jul 30, 2009
 
Full Title

To amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to improve the safety of food in the global market, and for other purposes.

Summary

No summaries available.

Votes
On Motion to Suspend the Rules and Pass, as Amended
Jul 29, 2009 3:29 p.m.
Failed 280/150
Jul 30, 2009 6:02 p.m.
Passed 283/142

Cosponsors
5 cosponsors (5D) (show)
Committees

House Energy and Commerce

Health

Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions

The committee chair determines whether a bill will move past the committee stage.

 
Primary Source

THOMAS.gov (The Library of Congress)

GovTrack gets most information from THOMAS, which is updated generally one day after events occur. Activity since the last update may not be reflected here. Data comes via the congress project.

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Notes

H.R. stands for House of Representatives bill.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the president to become law.

The bill’s title was written by its sponsor.

GovTrack’s Bill Summary

We don’t have a summary available yet.

Library of Congress Summary

The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.


7/30/2009--Passed House amended.
Food Safety Enhancement Act of 2009 -
Section 5 -
Exempts food and facilities regulated by the Secretary of Agriculture under specified acts from the requirements of this Act.
Section 6 -
Exempts specified alcohol-related facilities from the requirements of this Act.
Title I - Food Safety
Subtitle A - Prevention
Section 101 -
Amends the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) to deem a food to be misbranded if it was manufactured, processed, packed, or held in a facility that is not registered.
Declares that a facility under the FFDCA does not include private residences of individuals.
Requires annual registration of food facilities, including food facilities that export food.
Authorizes the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to suspend the registration of any food facility for a violation of the FFDCA that could result in serious adverse health consequences or death to humans or animals. Sets forth procedures for such a registration suspension.
Directs the Secretary to collect an annual fee for registration of a food facility to defray the costs of food safety activities. Terminates the authority to collect such fees after FY2014.
Section 102 -
Deems a food to be adulterated if it has been manufactured, processed, packed, transported, or held under conditions that do not meet the requirements for hazard analysis and risk-based preventive controls.
Requires the owner, operator, or agent of a food facility to: (1) conduct a hazard analysis; (2) identify and implement effective preventive controls; (3) monitor preventive controls; (4) institute corrective actions as necessary; (5) conduct verification activities; and (6) maintain records of monitoring, corrective action, and verification.
Authorizes the Secretary to: (1) identify hazards that are reasonably likely to occur in the absence of preventive controls; and (2) establish preventive controls for specific product types to prevent unintentional contamination throughout the supply chain.
Requires the owner, operator, or agent of a food facility to implement a food safety plan before introducing any shipment of food into interstate commerce.
Directs the Secretary to establish science-based standards for conducting a hazard analysis, documenting hazards, identifying and implementing preventive controls, and documenting the implementation of the preventive controls.
Authorizes the Secretary to require the submission of finished product test results documenting the presence of contaminants in food posing a risk of severe adverse health consequences or death for certain high-risk food facilities after completion of pilot projects and a feasibility study.
Requires the owner, operator, or agent of a food facility to implement a food defense plan that includes: (1) an identification of conditions and practices that may permit a hazard to be intentionally introduced; and (2) a description of preventive measures implemented.
Authorizes the Secretary to establish by regulation or guidance preventive measures for specific product types to prevent intentional contamination throughout the supply chain. Requires the owner, operator, or agent of a facility to implement any preventive measures identified by the Secretary.
Section 103 -
Deems a food to be adulterated if it has been manufactured, processed, packed, transported, or held under conditions that do not meet performance standards.
Requires the Secretary to: (1) issue science-based performance standards applicable to foods or food classes to minimize to an acceptable level, prevent, or eliminate the occurrence of the most significant foodborne contaminants and the most significant resulting hazards; and (2) publish a list of foodborne contaminants that have the greatest adverse impact on public health.
Authorizes the Secretary to make recommendations to industry for conducting product sampling.
Section 104 -
Deems a food to be adulterated if it has been grown, harvested, processed, packed, sorted, transported, or held under conditions that do not meet safety standards for raw agricultural commodities.
Requires the Secretary to establish scientific and risk-based food safety standards for the growing, harvesting, packing, sorting, transporting, and holding of raw agricultural commodities:
(1) that are a fruit, vegetable, nut, or fungus; and
(2) for which the Secretary has determined that such standards are reasonably necessary to minimize the risk of serious adverse health consequences or death to humans or animals.
Requires the Secretary to provide for effective implementation of education and compliance activities.
Requires the Secretary to update existing guidance related to minimizing microbial food safety hazards for fresh fruits and vegetables.
Section 105 -
Requires food facilities to be inspected at a frequency determined pursuant to a risk-based schedule.
Section 106 -
Directs each person who manufactures, processes, packs, transports, distributes, receives, or holds an article of food in the United States or for import into the United States to permit an officer or employee of the Secretary to have access to and copy all records bearing on whether the food may be adulterated, misbranded, or otherwise in violation of the FFDCA. Limits access to such records on farms.
Section 107 -
Requires the Secretary to establish a tracing system for food that is located in the United States or is for import into the United States that enables the Secretary to quickly identify each person who grows, produces, manufactures, processes, packs, transports, holds, or sells such food.
Exempts certain food from tracing requirements, including food produced on a farm or produced through the use of a fishing vessel. Limits the tracing requirements for any grain or similarly handled commodity. Authorizes the Secretary to exempt a food or a type of facility, farm, or restaurant from tracing requirements.
Prohibits the violation of any requirement of the food tracing system under this section. Requires the refusal of admission of articles that have not complied with the requirements of the food tracing system.
Section 108 -
Requires the Secretary to assess fees on each food facility in a fiscal year that: (1) commits a violation of the FFDCA relating to food and so requires additional inspections by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA); or (2) has been subject to a food recall.
Section 109 -
Deems a food to be misbranded if it is part of a shipment offered for import into the United States and such shipment is in violation of provisions requiring a certification of compliance. Requires imported food to be refused admission if it is not in compliance with such certification requirements.
Authorizes the Secretary to require a qualified certifying entity to provide a certification that the imported food article complies with specified requirements of the FFDCA under certain circumstances. Requires qualified certifying entities to be free from conflicts of interest.
Section 110 -
Sets forth requirements for analytical testing of an article of food conducted by an accredited laboratory. Requires the Secretary to establish a program for the recognition of bodies that accredit laboratories to perform analytical testing of food for import or export.
Prohibits violation of any requirement relating to testing by accredited laboratories.
Section 111 -
Includes as a prohibited act under the FFDCA the failure to notify the Secretary of adulterated or misbranded food that presents a reasonable probability that the use or consumption of, or exposure to, such food will cause a threat of serious adverse health consequences or death to humans or animals.
Requires notification to the Secretary of the identity and location of certain adulterated or misbranded food.
Sets forth the circumstances under which the Secretary has the authority to: (1) request an immediate cease of distribution of a food; (2) order an immediate cease of distribution; or (3) issue an immediate recall. Provides for notice of affected persons.
Section 112 -
Expands the definition of "responsible party" for purposes of reporting to the FDA's Reportable Food Registry to include farms, restaurants, retail food establishments, and importers. Requires reporting to include documentation of results from any sampling and testing of such article. Provides for the exchange of information on food exempt from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act, as appropriate.
Section 113 -
Authorizes the Secretary to establish a program that facilitates the movement of food through the importation process if the importer: (1) verifies that each facility is in compliance with food safety and security guidelines; and (2) ensures that appropriate safety and security controls are in place throughout the supply chain for such food.
Section 114 -
Establishes additional requirements for any new infant formula, including information on prior approval of a new ingredient.
Deems a new infant formula to be misbranded if it does not meet the requirements of this section.
Subtitle B - Intervention
Section 121 -
Requires the Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), to enhance foodborne illness surveillance systems to improve the collection, analysis, reporting, and usefulness of data on foodborne illnesses.
Requires the Secretary to develop and implement strategies to leverage and enhance the food safety and defense capacities of state and local agencies.
Section 122 -
Requires the Secretary to design and implement a national public education program on food safety.
Section 123 -
Requires the Secretary to conduct research to assist in the implementation of this Act, including studies to: (1) improve sanitation and food safety practices in the production, harvesting, and processing of food products; and (2) develop improved techniques for monitoring food and inspecting food products.
Subtitle C - Response
Section 131 -
Revises procedures related to seizure of food, including to deem that exigent circumstances exist for all seizures brought under FFDCA provisions.
Section 132 -
Provides for administrative detention of any food that is adulterated, misbranded, or otherwise in violation of the FFDCA.
Section 133 -
Authorizes the Secretary to prohibit or restrict the movement of an article of food within a state if there is credible evidence that such food presents an imminent threat of serious adverse health consequences or death to humans or animals. Prohibits any action from being taken under this section unless there is no less drastic action that is feasible and that would be adequate to prevent such threat.
Section 134 -
Extends the sentence for prohibited acts relating to adulterated or misbranded food from imprisonment for not more than one year to imprisonment for not more than ten years.
Section 135 -
Expands civil penalties for FFDCA violations related to food.
Section 136 -
Prohibits: (1) the submission of inaccurate or incomplete information relating to food that is required for import; and (2) the failure to submit such required information.
Authorizes the Secretary to require the submission of documentation or other information for articles of food that are imported or offered for import into the United States.
Title II - Miscellaneous
Section 201 -
Requires the Secretary to post on the FDA's public website notice of any determination that a substance is a GRAS food substance and the supporting scientific justification. Defines "GRAS food substance" to mean a substance excluded from the term "food additive" because such substance is generally recognized to be safe under the conditions of its intended use.
Section 202 -
Deems a processed food to be misbranded if the labeling fails to identify the country in which the final processing of the food occurs. Deems a nonprocessed food to be misbranded if the labeling fails to identify the country of the origin of the food.
Section 203 -
Extends the export certification program currently applicable to drugs and devices to include food. Sets forth provisions regarding the fee for an export certification for food.
Section 204 -
Directs the Secretary to require an importer of food to be registered with the Secretary and to submit appropriate unique facility identifiers as a condition of registration. Conditions maintenance of registration on compliance with good importer practices. Provides for suspension or cancellation of such registration. Requires the Secretary to establish an exemption for importation for personal use.
Requires the Secretary to assess an annual fee for the registration of an importer.
Deems a food to be misbranded if it is imported or offered for import by an importer not duly registered.
Section 205 -
Directs the Secretary to require a customs broker, with respect to the importation of food, to be registered with the Secretary and to submit appropriate unique facility identifiers as a condition of registration. Authorizes the Secretary to cancel a registration. Provides for a personal use exemption.
Section 206 -
Requires each registered food facility to submit a unique facility identifier for the facility or establishment.
( Sec. 207) Deems a product to be adulterated if inspection of the food facility is delayed, limited, or refused.
Section 208 -
Requires the Secretary to establish and maintain a corps of inspectors dedicated to inspections of foreign food facilities.
Section 209 -
Requires the Secretary to submit a reorganization plan to the Comptroller General and relevant congressional committees before the Secretary terminates specified laboratories or district offices responsible for analyzing food or with food safety functions.
Section 210 -
Prohibits the submission of any required report related to food that is false or misleading in any material respect.
( Sec. 211) Includes as a prohibited Act under the FFDCA the failure or refusal to obey a subpoena issued under such Act. Authorizes the Commissioner of Food and Drugs to issue subpoenas.
Section 212 -
Prohibits any person required to submit information related to food from discriminating against an employee because of a lawful act done by the employee.
Section 213 -
Prohibits the production, manufacture, processing, preparation, packing, holding, or distribution of an adulterated or misbranded food with the knowledge or intent that such article will be imported into the United States.
Section 214 -
Requires the Secretary, acting through the Commissioner, to provide financial and other assistance to establish and maintain food protection training institutes.
Section 215 -
Requires the Secretary to notify Congress whether the available scientific data supports a determination that there is a reasonable certainty of no harm for approved uses of polycarbonate plastic and epoxy resin made with bisphenol A in food and beverage containers under the conditions of use prescribed in current FDA regulations. Requires the Secretary to notify Congress of the actions the Secretary intends to take if such a determination cannot be made.
Section 216 -
Deems ceramic tableware or cookware that includes a glaze or decorations containing lead and that is for an intended functional purpose to be misbranded unless: (1) the product and its packaging bears a warning that the product is made with lead-based glaze; or (2) the product is in compliance with requirements applicable to ornamental and decorative ceramicware.
Requires the Secretary to educate consumers on the safety of ceramicware for food.

House Republican Conference Summary

The summary below was written by the House Republican Conference, which is the caucus of Republicans in the House of Representatives.


No summary available.

House Democratic Caucus Summary

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