GovTrack’s Bill Summary
We don’t have a summary available yet.
Library of Congress Summary
The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.
Authorizes appropriations to the Secretary of Energy for research, development, demonstration, and commercial application of vehicles and related technologies for FY2010-FY2014.
Vehicle Research and Development
Directs the Secretary to conduct a program of basic and applied research, development, demonstration, and commercial application activities on materials, technologies, and processes with the potential to substantially reduce or eliminate petroleum use and emissions of the nation's passenger and commercial vehicles, including activities in the areas of:
(1) hybridization or full electrification of vehicle systems;
(2) batteries and other energy storage devices,
(3) power electronics;
(4) engine efficiency and combustion optimization;
(5) waste heat recovery;
(6) hydrogen vehicle technologies;
(7) reduction of vehicle weight, friction, and wear;
(8) innovative propulsion systems;
(9) hydraulic hybrid technologies;
(10) engine compatibility with and optimization for a variety of transportation fuels;
(11) infrastructure for alternative fueled and electric or plug-in electric hybrid vehicles, including the unique challenges facing rural areas;
(12) gaseous fuels storage system integration and optimization;
(13) efficient use and recycling of rare earth materials and reduction of precious metals and other high-cost materials in vehicles; and
(14) retrofitting advanced vehicle technologies to existing vehicles.
Directs the Secretary to ensure that the Department of Energy (DOE) continues to support activities and maintains competency in mid- to long-term transformational vehicle technologies with potential to achieve deep reductions in petroleum use and emissions, including activities in the areas of:
(1) hydrogen vehicle technology;
(2) multiple battery chemistries and novel energy storage devices; and
(3) communication and connectivity amount vehicles, infrastructure, and the electrical grid.
Requires activities under this Act to be carried out in collaboration with automotive manufacturers, heavy commercial and transit vehicle manufacturers, qualified plug-in electric vehicle manufacturers, vehicle and engine equipment and component manufacturers, manufacturing equipment manufacturers, advanced vehicle service providers, fuel producers and energy suppliers, electric utilities, universities, national laboratories, and independent research laboratories.
Requires the Secretary to:
(1) determine whether a wide range of companies that manufacture or assemble vehicles or components in the United States are represented in ongoing public private partnership activities;
(2) formalize partnerships with industry-led stakeholder organizations, nonprofit organizations, industry consortia, and trade associations with expertise in advanced automotive and commercial vehicle technologies;
(3) develop more efficient processes for transferring research findings and technologies to industry;
(4) give consideration to conversion of existing or former vehicle technology manufacturing facilities for researching and developing advanced vehicle technologies and support public-private partnerships dedicated to overcoming barriers in commercial application of transformational vehicle technologies that utilize such industry-led facilities;
(5) promote the domestic production of such technologies;
(6) coordinate activities between relevant DOE programs and offices and other federal agencies;
(7) inform other agencies of the potential for demonstrating technologies funded by this Act; and
(8) support and utilize state and local government initiatives in advanced vehicle technology development.
Requires the Secretary to conduct research, development, and demonstration activities on connectivity of vehicle and transportation systems, including technologies for: (1) onboard vehicle, engine, and component sensing and actuation; (2) vehicle-to-vehicle sensing and communication; (3) vehicle-to-infrastructure sensing and communication; and (4) vehicle integration with the electrical grid.
Requires the Secretary to carry out a research, development, demonstration, and commercial application program of advanced vehicle manufacturing technologies and practices, including innovative processes to:
(1) increase the production rate and decrease the cost of advanced battery manufacturing;
(2) vary the capability of individual manufacturing facilities to accommodate different battery chemistries and configurations;
(3) reduce waste streams, emissions, and energy-intensity of vehicle, engine, advanced battery, and component manufacturing processes;
(4) recycle and remanufacture used batteries and other vehicle components for reuse in vehicles or stationary applications;
(5) produce cost-effective lightweight materials such as advanced metal alloys, polymeric composites, and carbon fiber;
(6) produce lightweight high pressure storage systems for gaseous fuels;
(7) design and manufacture purpose-built hydrogen and fuel cell vehicles and components;
(8) improve the calendar life and cycle life of advanced batteries; and
(9) produce permanent magnets for advanced vehicles.
Authorizes activities under this Act to include construction, expansion, or modification of new and existing vehicle, engine, and component research and testing facilities for:
(1) testing or simulating interoperability of a variety of vehicle components and systems;
(2) subjecting vehicle platforms to fully representative duty cycles and operating conditions; and
(3) developing and demonstrating a range of chemistries and configurations for advanced vehicle battery manufacturing and test cycles for new and alternative fuels and other advanced vehicle technologies.
Requires the Secretary to report to Congress:
(1) annually through 2015 on the technologies developed as a result of this Act, with emphasis on technologies that were successfully adopted for commercial applications and whether those technologies are manufactured in the United States; and
(2) annually on activities undertaken, active industry participants, efforts to recruit new participants, progress of the program in meeting goals and timelines, and a strategic plan for funding of activities across agencies.
Requires the Secretary to establish an Innovative Automotive Demonstration Program, within the existing Vehicle Technologies Program, to encourage the introduction of new vehicles into the marketplace that are designed in their entirety to achieve very high energy efficiency but still provide the capabilities required by the American consumer.
Requires awards to be made under such Program on a competitive basis for demonstration of vehicles that:
(1) carry at least four passengers;
(2) meet safety requirements;
(3) achieve at least 70 miles per gallon or the equivalent on the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) drive cycle;
(4) provide vehicle performance that is acceptable to the consumer;
(5) are affordable;
(6) use materials and manufacturing processes that minimize environmental impacts;
(7) meet all federal and state emission requirements; and
(8) provide new high technology engineering and production employment opportunities.
Medium and Heavy Duty Commercial and Transit Vehicles
Requires the Secretary, in partnership with relevant research and development programs in other federal agencies and industry stakeholders, to carry out a program of cooperative research, development, demonstration, and commercial application activities on advanced technologies for medium- to heavy-duty commercial, recreational, and transit vehicles, including activities in the areas of:
(1) engine efficiency and combustion research;
(2) on board storage technologies for compressed and liquefied natural gas;
(3) development and integration of engine technologies designed for natural gas operation of a variety of vehicle platforms;
(4) waste heat recovery;
(5) heavy hybrid, hybrid hydraulic, plug-in hybrid, and electric platforms and energy storage technologies;
(6) reduction of friction, wear, and engine idle and parasitic energy loss;
(7) advanced lightweighting materials and vehicle designs;
(8) increasing load capacity per vehicle;
(9) recharging infrastructure;
(10) hydrogen vehicle technologies; and
(11) retrofitting advanced technologies onto existing truck fleets and integration of advanced systems onto a single truck and trailer platform.
Requires the Secretary to: (1) appoint a Director to coordinate such activities in such vehicles; and (2) report annually to Congress on activities, active industry participants, efforts to recruit new participants, progress of the program in meeting goals and timelines, and a strategic plan for funding of activities across agencies.
Requires the Secretary to:
(1) conduct a competitive grant program to demonstrate the integration of multiple advanced technologies on Class 8 truck and trailer platforms with a goal of improving overall freight efficiency by 50%;
(2) develop standard testing procedures and technologies for evaluating the performance of advanced heavy vehicle technologies under a range of representative duty cycles and operating conditions;
(3) evaluate heavy vehicle performance; and
(4) undertake a pilot program of research, development, demonstration, and commercial applications of technologies to improve total machine or system efficiency for nonroad mobile equipment, including agriculture and construction equipment, and seek opportunities to transfer relevant research findings and technologies between the nonroad and on-highway equipment and vehicle sectors.
Authorizes the Secretary to construct heavy duty truck and bus testing facilities.
House Republican Conference Summary
The summary below was written by the House Republican Conference, which is the caucus of Republicans in the House of Representatives.
This summary can be found at http://www.gop.gov/bill/111/1/hr3246.
DoE currently funds a wide range of research activities on passenger vehicles and heavy-duty trucks through its Vehicle Technologies program. Over the last decade, federal research priorities shifted between passenger and heavy duty vehicles, as well as diesel-hybrids, hydrogen-fueled, and battery-powered drive systems. The DoE has addressed
research needs through two public-private research programs: The 21st Century Truck Partnership (21CTP), which conducts research and development through collaborations with the heavy-duty trucking industry, and the FreedomCar and the Hydrogen Fuel Initiative programs, which engages in pre-competitive, high-risk research needed to develop technologies that will apply to a range of affordable passenger cars and light trucks.
Some Members may have concerns with the cost of the bill, as well as the possible duplicative nature of the new programs and subsidizes authorized. Furthermore, with concerns over a growing deficit, Members may want to ensure that authorized recipients and projects do not "double dip" with previously funded initiatives.
H.R. 3246 authorizes funds for research and development for a broad range of technologies and manufacturing processes for new vehicles, medium and heavy duty commercial and transit vehicles, Class 8 long haul trucks, and non-road vehicles.
The bill creates a new program at the Department of Energy (DoE) to conduct basic and applied research, development, and commercial application activities on materials, technologies and manufacturing processes to decrease and/or eliminate vehicle dependence on petroleum. The bill specifies that among the technologies to be studied are hybridization, full electrification, batteries, waste heat recovery, vehicle weight reduction, and anything that the Secretary determines worthy of research.
H.R. 3246 requires that private manufacturers (as well as the private fuel producers and energy supplies) be partnered with and collaborated with where possible. The bill requires the Secretary to determine whether a wide range of companies that manufacture or assemble vehicles or components in the United States are represented in ongoing public private partnership activities, including firms that have not traditionally participated in federally sponsored research and development activities, and where possible, partner with such firms that conduct significant and relevant research and development activities in the U.S.
H.R. 3246 also encourages the DoE to leverage the capabilities and resources of industry-led stakeholder organizations, etc. for education and research purposes. H.R. 3246 requires that there be interagency coordination on all research, development, and commercial application, and federal demonstration of new technologies. The bill also requires the DoE to conduct research and development in the areas of sensing and communication technologies, and manufacturing technologies (to reduce waste streams, recycle and manufacture used batteries, etc.)
H.R. 3246 requires the DoE to conduct research, development, demonstration, and commercial application activities on advanced technologies for medium- to heavy-duty commercial and transit vehicles (including energy efficiency, waste heat recovery, energy emissions control systems, etc.) The bill requires that the Secretary appoint a full-time Director to coordinate research, development, demonstration, and commercial application activities to medium- and heavy-duty commercial and transit vehicle technologies. The Director would regularly conduct workshops, site visits, demonstrations, conferences, etc. to share information on research and development.
The bill also authorizes a new competitive grant program to demonstrate advanced technologies on long haul Class 8 trucks to improve their fuel efficiency.
H.R. 3246 requires the Secretary of Energy to commence a pilot program of research and development to improve efficiency for heavy duty non-road equipment.
The bill authorizes $2.85 billion over five years for these research and development programs.
H.R. 3246 authorizes appropriations totaling $2.85 billion over the 2010-2014 period for the Department of Energy. Assuming appropriation of the authorized amounts, CBO estimates that implementing the legislation would cost $2.43 billion over the 2010-2014 period and $423 million after 2014. Enacting the legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues.
House Democratic Caucus Summary
The House Democratic Caucus does not provide summaries of bills.
So, yes, we display the House Republican Conference’s summaries when available even if we do not have a Democratic summary available. That’s because we feel it is better to give you as much information as possible, even if we cannot provide every viewpoint.
We’ll be looking for a source of summaries from the other side in the meanwhile.