H. R. 436
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
January 9, 2009
Mr. Pomeroy introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Ways and Means
To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to repeal the new carryover basis rules in order to prevent tax increases and the imposition of compliance burdens on many more estates than would benefit from repeal, to retain the estate tax with a $3,500,000 exemption, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Certain Estate Tax Relief Act of
Retention of estate tax; repeal of carryover basis
Subtitles A and E of title V of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001, and the amendments made by such subtitles, are hereby repealed; and the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 shall be applied as if such subtitles, and amendments, had never been enacted.
Sunset not To apply
Section 901 of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 shall not apply to title V of such Act.
Subsections (d) and (e) of section 511 of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001, and the amendments made by such subsections, are hereby repealed; and the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 shall be applied as if such subsections, and amendments, had never been enacted.
Modifications to estate tax
$3,500,000 exclusion equivalent of unified credit
Subsection (c) of section
2010 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to applicable credit
amount) is amended by striking all that follows
the applicable exclusion
amount and inserting
. For purposes of the preceding sentence,
the applicable exclusion amount is $3,500,000..
Freeze maximum estate tax rate at 45 percent; restoration of phaseout of graduated rates and unified credit
Paragraph (1) of section 2001(c) of such Code is amended by striking the last 2 items in the table and inserting the following new item:
|Over $1,500,000||$555,800, plus 45 percent of the excess of such amount over $1,500,000.|
Paragraph (2) of section 2001(c) of such Code is amended to read as follows:
Phaseout of graduated rates and unified credit
The tentative tax determined under paragraph (1) shall be increased by an amount equal to 5 percent of so much of the amount (with respect to which the tentative tax is to be computed) as exceeds $10,000,000. The amount of the increase under the preceding sentence shall not exceed the sum of the applicable credit amount under section 2010(c) and $119,200.
The amendments made by this section shall apply to estates of decedents dying, and gifts made, after December 31, 2009.
Valuation rules for certain transfers of nonbusiness assets; limitation on minority discounts
Section 2031 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to definition of gross estate) is amended by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (f) and by inserting after subsection (c) the following new subsections:
Valuation rules for certain transfers of nonbusiness assets
For purposes of this chapter and chapter 12—
In the case of the transfer of any interest in an entity other than an interest which is actively traded (within the meaning of section 1092)—
the value of any nonbusiness assets held by the entity shall be determined as if the transferor had transferred such assets directly to the transferee (and no valuation discount shall be allowed with respect to such nonbusiness assets), and
the nonbusiness assets shall not be taken into account in determining the value of the interest in the entity.
For purposes of this subsection—
The term nonbusiness asset means any asset which is not used in the active conduct of 1 or more trades or businesses.
Exception for certain passive assets
Except as provided in subparagraph (C), a passive asset shall not be treated for purposes of subparagraph (A) as used in the active conduct of a trade or business unless—
the asset is property described in paragraph (1) or (4) of section 1221(a) or is a hedge with respect to such property, or
the asset is real property used in the active conduct of 1 or more real property trades or businesses (within the meaning of section 469(c)(7)(C)) in which the transferor materially participates and with respect to which the transferor meets the requirements of section 469(c)(7)(B)(ii).
Exception for working capital
Any asset (including a passive asset) which is held as a part of the reasonably required working capital needs of a trade or business shall be treated as used in the active conduct of a trade or business.
For purposes of this subsection, the term passive asset means any—
cash or cash equivalents,
except to the extent provided by the Secretary, stock in a corporation or any other equity, profits, or capital interest in any entity,
evidence of indebtedness, option, forward or futures contract, notional principal contract, or derivative,
asset described in clause (iii), (iv), or (v) of section 351(e)(1)(B),
real property used in 1 or more real property trades or businesses (as defined in section 469(c)(7)(C)),
asset (other than a patent, trademark, or copyright) which produces royalty income,
collectible (within the meaning of section 401(m)), or
any other asset specified in regulations prescribed by the Secretary.
If a nonbusiness asset of an entity consists of a 10-percent interest in any other entity, this subsection shall be applied by disregarding the 10-percent interest and by treating the entity as holding directly its ratable share of the assets of the other entity. This subparagraph shall be applied successively to any 10-percent interest of such other entity in any other entity.
The term 10-percent interest means—
in the case of an interest in a corporation, ownership of at least 10 percent (by vote or value) of the stock in such corporation,
in the case of an interest in a partnership, ownership of at least 10 percent of the capital or profits interest in the partnership, and
in any other case, ownership of at least 10 percent of the beneficial interests in the entity.
Coordination with subsection (b)
Subsection (b) shall apply after the application of this subsection.
Limitation on minority discounts
For purposes of this chapter and chapter 12, in the case of the transfer of any interest in an entity other than an interest which is actively traded (within the meaning of section 1092), no discount shall be allowed by reason of the fact that the transferee does not have control of such entity if the transferee and members of the family (as defined in section 2032A(e)(2)) of the transferee have control of such entity.
The amendments made by this section shall apply to transfers after the date of the enactment of this Act.