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H.R. 4594 (111th): International Violence Against Women Act of 2010

The text of the bill below is as of Feb 4, 2010 (Introduced).


I

111th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 4594

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

February 4, 2010

(for himself, Mr. Poe of Texas, Ms. Schakowsky, Ms. Moore of Wisconsin, Ms. DeLauro, Ms. Edwards of Maryland, Ms. Lee of California, Ms. Jackson Lee of Texas, Ms. Woolsey, Ms. Watson, Mr. Hare, Mr. Welch, Mr. Payne, Mr. Ellison, Ms. Slaughter, Mr. Carnahan, Mr. Polis of Colorado, Ms. Eddie Bernice Johnson of Texas, Mrs. Maloney, Mr. Rush, Mr. Grijalva, Mr. Filner, Mr. Moore of Kansas, Mr. Berman, Mr. Maffei, and Ms. McCollum) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and in addition to the Committee on Armed Services, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

A BILL

To combat international violence against women and girls.

1.

Short title; table of contents

(a)

Short title

This Act may be cited as the International Violence Against Women Act of 2010.

(b)

Table of contents

The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

Sec. 2. Findings.

Sec. 3. Statement of policy.

Sec. 4. Definitions.

Title I—International prevention of violence against women and girls

Subtitle A—Official Positions and Institutional Changes

Sec. 101. Office for Global Women’s Issues.

Sec. 102. Office for Women’s Global Development.

Subtitle B—Strategy, Policy, and Programs

Sec. 111. Comprehensive international strategy to reduce and prevent violence against women and girls.

Sec. 112. Assistance to reduce international violence against women and girls.

Sec. 113. Ensuring accountability of the United States’ response to violence against women and girls internationally.

Sec. 114. Enhancing United States training of foreign military and police forces and judicial officials on preventing and responding to violence against women and girls.

Sec. 115. Addressing violence against women and girls in humanitarian relief, peacekeeping, conflict, and post-conflict operations.

Title II—Other Provisions

Sec. 201. Support for multilateral efforts to end violence against women and girls.

Sec. 202. Funding limitation.

2.

Findings

Congress makes the following findings:

(1)

According to the United Nations, approximately 1 out of every 3 women in the world has been beaten, coerced into sex, or otherwise abused in her lifetime. The World Health Organization reports that in some countries, up to 70 percent of women report having been victims of domestic violence at some stage in their lives.

(2)

According to the United Nations, engaging both men and women in all efforts to end violence against women and girls internationally should be a priority. In recognition of this, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon launched a multi-year campaign in 2009 to end violence against women and pledge resources to engage male leaders and mobilize men and boys.

(3)

Violence against women dramatically impedes progress in meeting global health goals, including efforts to stem maternal mortality and the spread of HIV/AIDS. Approximately 1 in 4 women are abused during pregnancy, which, according to the World Health Organization, has been linked to miscarriage, pre-term labor, low birth weight and fetal distress or death. Women who have experienced violence are also at higher risk for contracting HIV, and women living with HIV may be up to three times more likely to experience violence than HIV-negative women. Fear of violence also prevents women from accessing HIV/AIDS information and receiving treatment and counseling.

(4)

Women’s increased access to economic opportunities is crucial to the prevention of and response to domestic and sexual violence. Both microfinance-based interventions and increased asset control have been shown to reduce levels of intimate partner violence in addition to providing economic independence for survivors.

(5)

Displaced, refugee, and stateless women and girls in humanitarian emergencies, conflict settings, and natural disasters face extreme violence and threats because of power inequities, including being forced to exchange sex for food and humanitarian supplies, and being at increased risk of rape, sexual exploitation, and abuse.

(6)

Rape and sexual assault against women and girls are used to torture, intimidate, and terrorize women and their communities.

3.

Statement of policy

It is the policy of the United States to—

(1)

systematically integrate and coordinate efforts to prevent and respond to violence against women and girls internationally into United States foreign policy and foreign assistance programs, and to expand implementation of effective practices and programs;

(2)

promote women’s political, economic, educational, social, cultural, civil, and human rights and opportunities throughout the world;

(3)

support and build the capacity of indigenous nongovernmental organizations that are working to prevent and respond to violence against women and girls internationally, particularly women’s nongovernmental organizations, and to support and encourage United States organizations working in partnership with such nongovernmental organizations;

(4)

prevent and respond to violence against women and girls internationally through multisectoral methods, working at individual, family, community, local, national, and international levels and incorporating service, prevention, training, and advocacy activities and economic, education, health, legal, and protective intervention services;

(5)

enhance training and other prevention and response to violence against women and girls internationally in humanitarian relief, conflict, and post-conflict settings;

(6)

enhance training by United States personnel of professional foreign military and police forces and judicial officials to include specific and thorough instruction on preventing and responding to violence against women and girls internationally;

(7)

increase communication and cooperation with nongovernmental organizations with demonstrated experience in empowerment of women and combating violence against women and girls internationally, including consulting with such organizations during strategic planning exercises;

(8)

more regularly engage men and boys as community leaders and advocates in ending violence against women and girls;

(9)

ensure private security firms contracted for service in conflict, humanitarian and post-conflict settings appropriately report on and respond to violence against women and girls internationally; and

(10)

continue United States leadership and innovative efforts at the United Nations to address violence against women and girls internationally, particularly through urging the United Nations Secretary-General and United Nations member states to fully implement the provisions of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1325, 1820, and 1888 and other relevant United Nations agreements and initiatives.

4.

Definitions

In this Act:

(1)

Eligible countries

The term eligible countries means countries that are not classified as high-income countries in the most recent edition of the World Development Report for Reconstruction and Development published by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

(2)

Violence against women and girls

The term violence against women and girls

(A)

means any act of violence against women or girls that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual, or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion, or arbitrary deprivations of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life; and

(B)

includes—

(i)

physical, sexual, and psychological violence occurring in the family, including battering, sexual abuse of female children in the household, dowry-related violence, marital rape, female genital cutting and mutilation, forced child marriage, and other traditional practices harmful to women and girls, nonspousal violence, and violence related to exploitation;

(ii)

physical, sexual, and psychological violence occurring within the general community, including rape, sexual abuse, sexual harassment and intimidation at work, in educational institutions and elsewhere, trafficking in women and girls, and forced prostitution; and

(iii)

physical, sexual, and psychological violence perpetrated or condoned by the state, wherever it occurs.

I

International prevention of violence against women and girls

A

Official Positions and Institutional Changes

101.

Office for Global Women’s Issues

(a)

Establishment

The Secretary of State shall establish in the Office of the Secretary of the Department of State an Office for Global Women’s Issues (in this section referred to as the Office). The Office shall be headed by an Ambassador-at-Large for Global Women’s Issues (in this section referred to as the Ambassador-at-Large), who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The Ambassador-at-Large shall report directly to the Secretary and shall have the rank and status of Ambassador-at-Large.

(b)

Purpose

In addition to the duties described in subsection (c) and those duties determined by the Secretary of State, the Office shall coordinate efforts of the United States Government regarding gender integration and empowerment of women in United States foreign policy.

(c)

Duties

(1)

In general

The Ambassador-at-Large—

(A)

shall coordinate and advise on activities, policies, programs, and funding relating to gender integration and empowerment of women internationally, including those intended to prevent and respond to violence against women, for all bureaus and offices of the Department of State and in the international programs of other United States Government departments and agencies;

(B)

shall actively promote and advance the full integration of gender analysis into the programs, structures, processes, and capacities of all bureaus and offices of the Department of State and in the international programs of other United States Government departments and agencies;

(C)

shall direct, as appropriate, United States Government resources to respond to needs for gender integration and empowerment of women in United States Government foreign policies and international programs, including to prevent and respond to violence against women and girls internationally; and

(D)

may design, support, and implement activities regarding empowerment of women internationally, including for the prevention and response of violence against women and girls internationally.

(2)

Coordinating role

The Ambassador-at-Large shall coordinate with all relevant United States Government departments and agencies, particularly the United States Agency for International Development, the Millennium Challenge Corporation, and the Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator, on all policies, programs, and funding of such departments and agencies relating to gender integration and empowerment of women, including ending violence against women and girls internationally.

(3)

Diplomatic representation

Subject to the direction of the President and the Secretary of State, the Ambassador-at-Large is authorized to represent the United States in matters relevant to the status of women, including violence against women and girls internationally.

(d)

Reports

Subject to the guidance of the Ambassador-at-Large, the heads of all bureaus and offices of the Department of State, as appropriate, shall evaluate and monitor all empowerment of women programs administered by such bureaus and offices and annually submit to the Ambassador-at-Large reports containing an accounting of such programs and their effectiveness.

(e)

Monitoring and evaluation

(1)

In general

The Office shall seek to coordinate with United States Government departments and agencies and should provide advice and guidance, as necessary, to United States Government departments and agencies engaged in international programs, to monitor and evaluate empowerment of women programs and outcomes and impacts of such programs, including programs such departments and agencies administer for prevention and response to violence against women and girls internationally.

(2)

Report

The heads of United States Government departments and agencies with international programs described in paragraph (1) shall provide to the Office on an annual basis information on empowerment of women programs and outcomes and impacts of such programs, including for prevention and response to violence against women and girls internationally, in order to contribute to the development and implementation of the comprehensive strategy required under section 111.

(f)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2015, under the heading Diplomatic and Consular Programs, to carry out activities under this section. Funds appropriated pursuant to this subsection are in addition to amounts otherwise available for such purposes.

102.

Office for Women’s Global Development

(a)

Establishment

(1)

In general

There is established an Office for Women’s Global Development (in this section referred to as the Office) in the United States Agency for International Development (in this section referred to as USAID).

(2)

Director

The Office shall be headed by the Director of Women’s Global Development (in this section referred to as the Director), who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from among individuals who are highly qualified in matters relating to international development and gender integration. The appointment of the Director shall be in addition to the appointment of officers otherwise provided for in section 624 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2384). The Director shall report directly to the Administrator of USAID and shall have the rank and status of Assistant Administrator.

(b)

Purpose

The Office shall coordinate and guide all efforts of USAID to integrate gender in all policies, programs, and activities of United States foreign assistance and is intended to replace the Office of Women in Development in USAID in existence on the date of the enactment of this Act.

(c)

Duties

The Director shall—

(1)

coordinate and consult with the Ambassador-at-Large for Global Women’s Issues and USAID mission directors;

(2)

provide high-level guidance to USAID missions, offices, and bureaus on gender integration, design, strategy, and programming, including for the prevention and response to violence against women and girls internationally;

(3)

keep the Administrator of USAID informed of policy guidance provided by the Ambassador-at-Large for Global Women’s Issues under section 101, including for prevention and response to violence against women and girls internationally; and

(4)

oversee agency-wide monitoring and evaluation on gender integration activities and strategies, including prevention and response to violence against women and girls internationally.

(d)

Reports

(1)

In general

Subject to the guidance of the Director and the Administrator of USAID, the heads of relevant USAID missions, offices, and bureaus shall annually submit to the Director reports containing data and findings on the impact of gender integration activities and strategies of such missions, offices, and bureaus, including with respect to prevention and response to violence against women and girls internationally.

(2)

Types of data

Reports required under paragraph (1) should include data with respect to relevant contractors, subcontractors, grantees, and sub-grantees receiving funds made available under this Act, including amounts of awards.

(3)

Submission to congress

Reports required under paragraph (1) shall be made available to the Congress upon request. Such reports shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex if necessary.

(e)

Congressional briefings

Beginning not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, and semi-annually thereafter, the Director or Administrator of USAID, as appropriate, should brief Congress on the integration of gender considerations and prevention and response to violence against women and girls internationally in USAID strategies, programming, and associated outcomes and impacts, using data collected under subsection (d).

(f)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2015 to carry out activities under this section. Amounts authorized to be appropriated pursuant to this subsection are in addition to amounts otherwise available for such purposes.

B

Strategy, Policy, and Programs

111.

Comprehensive international strategy to reduce and prevent violence against women and girls

(a)

Development and implementation of strategy

Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State and the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development, under the direction of the President and with the assistance of the Ambassador-at-Large of the Office for Global Women’s Issues and the Director of the Office for Women’s Global Development—

(1)

shall develop and commence implementation of a comprehensive, 5-year international strategy to prevent and respond to violence against women and girls internationally; and

(2)

shall make such strategy available to the public and submit it to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.

(b)

Coordination

In developing the strategy under subsection (a), the Secretary of State, with the assistance of the Ambassador-at-Large and the Director, shall coordinate and consult with—

(1)

United States Government departments and agencies administering international programs and departments and agencies with expertise in preventing and responding to violence against women and girls internationally, including the Department of Justice, the Department of Health and Human Services, and the Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator; and

(2)

representatives of civil society with demonstrated experience combating violence against women and girls internationally or promoting women’s health or women’s development internationally, including nongovernmental organizations, academics, and other experts.

(c)

Content

The strategy developed under subsection (a) shall—

(1)

identify between 5 and 20 eligible countries that have severe levels of violence against women and girls and such identified countries should, when possible, be geographically, ethnically, and culturally diverse from one another, may have internally displaced persons and refugee populations, and should have the government or nongovernment organizational capacity to manage and implement activities for the prevention and response of violence against women and girls internationally;

(2)

identify how and to what extent the violence against women and girls in each country is negatively affecting the achievement of United States development and security goals in such country, including for human rights, poverty reduction, political stability, health for women and girls, and economic development;

(3)

detail the potential capacity of each country to address and respond to violence against women and girls;

(4)

identify the United States Government departments and agencies involved in the execution of the relevant program activities for each country;

(5)

create a comprehensive and holistic strategy that includes at least two or more of the sectoral activities listed in subsection (d) for each country plan and describe how the selected programs will prevent and respond to the problem of violence against women and girls, incorporating security and development goals listed in paragraph (2);

(6)

include, as appropriate, strategies designed to accommodate the needs of stateless, internally displaced, refugee, or religious or ethnic minority women and girls;

(7)

include capacity building and technical assistance for community-based women’s nongovernmental organizations and community-based organizations with demonstrated expertise in empowerment of women, including combating violence against women and girls internationally;

(8)

include potential coordination with existing programs, initiatives, and groups with demonstrated expertise on preventing and responding to violence against women and girls internationally or in empowerment of women, particularly coordinating with women’s organizations and community-based groups;

(9)

describe the monitoring and evaluation mechanisms established for each country and how they will be used to assess overall progress in preventing and responding to violence against women and girls internationally;

(10)

integrate gender analysis into the strategy for each country to ensure that women’s, girls’, men’s, and boys’ roles are appropriately addressed; and

(11)

identify resources needed to implement programs, taking into account activities and funding provided by other entities, and coordinate with programs and activities of other multilateral entities.

(d)

Program activities supported

Assistance provided under this section shall be used to carry out, in each of the countries identified in the strategy required pursuant to subsection (a), a multi-sectoral strategy to prevent and respond to violence against women and girls internationally, including activities in 2 or more of the following sectors:

(1)

Supporting health programs and survivor services, including—

(A)

integrating a systems-wide approach to safely preventing and responding to violence against women and girls into existing United States Government-funded health programs serving women and children, including HIV/AIDS prevention, care, and treatment;

(B)

funding supportive services and advocacy for survivors of violence, including psychological support and economic empowerment where victims identify the need for these services;

(C)

improving coordination in countries between the health and justice sectors so perpetrators can be held accountable for their violence and women who choose to can prosecute their abuser; and

(D)

working with ministries of health and other national-level agencies and local community-based organizations to support integration of violence against women programming into country-level plans of action, strategies, and operational plans.

(2)

Increasing civil and criminal legal and judicial protections, including—

(A)

promoting broader legal protection against all forms of violence against women and girls that prioritize victim safety and confidentiality and that create accountability for perpetrators;

(B)

providing training and technical assistance to police, prosecutors, forensic physicians, lawyers, corrections officers, judges, and judicial officials, and where appropriate, to nonlawyer advocates and traditional community authorities on violence against women and girls, the rights of victims, appropriate responses, and improving coordination between such officials and relevant authorities;

(C)

enhancing the capacity of the justice system, including for recordkeeping, evidence and data collection, and expeditious investigations; and

(D)

helping women and girls who are victims of violence gain access to the justice system and supporting such women and girls throughout the legal process;

(3)

Encouraging change in public attitudes through communication and organizing efforts that—

(A)

engage men and boys, including faith and traditional leaders, as leaders and advocates in ending violence against women and girls and the social norms that perpetuate it;

(B)

support women survivors of violence to educate their communities on the impacts of violence;

(C)

support community efforts to change attitudes about the acceptability of violence against women and girls, including harmful traditional practices, such as child marriage, female genital cutting and mutilation, and so-called honor killings; and

(D)

support mass media social change campaigns.

(4)

Promoting access to economic opportunity projects, including—

(A)

supporting the establishment and development of women-owned businesses (micro-, small-, and medium-sized enterprises) through access to financial and nonfinancial services;

(B)

supporting programs to help increase property rights, social security, and home ownership and land tenure security for women;

(C)

increasing women and girls’ access to education, literacy, and numeracy programs, leadership development, and job skills training;

(D)

addressing violence against women and girls in the workplace; and

(E)

promoting legal literacy, including among men, women, faith and traditional leaders, about women’s economic, property and financial rights.

(5)

Improving educational opportunities for women and girls, including—

(A)

promoting efforts at the national level to establish and enforce comprehensive legislation and policies against school-related violence against women and girls, including violence at and on the way to and from school;

(B)

programs for girls and boys, with school and community participation, on the unacceptability of violence against women and girls, including counseling for affected students; and

(C)

providing training for all teachers and school administrators on school-related violence, particularly against women and girls, including to improve reporting, referral, and implementation of codes of conduct and a system for addressing violations of such codes of conduct.

112.

Assistance to reduce international violence against women and girls

(a)

Coordinating existing aid programs

The Ambassador-at-Large of the Office for Global Women’s Issues and the Director of the Office for Women’s Global Development shall seek to coordinate efforts and measures to prevent and respond to violence against women and girls internationally into existing programs, contracts, grants, agreements, and foreign assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and other Acts authorizing foreign assistance, as applicable.

(b)

Authority

To implement and execute the comprehensive international strategy developed pursuant to section 111, the Secretary of State or the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development (in this section referred to as USAID), in consultation with the Ambassador-at-Large or the Director, is authorized to provide assistance to nongovernmental organizations, multilateral institutions, and foreign countries for program activities described in section 111(d).

(c)

Allocate new funding

The Secretary of State, in coordination with the Administrator of USAID, based on guidance from the Ambassador-at-Large, is authorized to allocate funds to implement and execute the comprehensive international strategy developed pursuant to section 111.

(d)

Use of funds

(1)

In general

Any funds made available under this section to nongovernmental organizations should be designated to organizations that have demonstrated experience regarding violence against women and girls internationally or in the empowerment of women, or that are in partnership with such organizations and that have demonstrated capabilities or expertise in a particular program activity described in section 111(d).

(2)

Congressional briefings

The Secretary of State and the Administrator of USAID shall brief Congress upon request, on the transparent mechanisms used to ensure that funds made available under this section through nongovernmental organizations are awarded to entities with demonstrated experience with violence against women and girls internationally, or are in partnership with such organizations, and have demonstrated capabilities in a particular program activity described in section 111(d).

(e)

Grants to women’s nongovernmental organizations and community-Based organizations

(1)

In general

The Secretary of State or the USAID Administrator, in consultation with the Ambassador or the Director, may award funds to community-based women’s nongovernmental organizations and community-based organizations in recipient countries to carry out the purposes of this section.

(2)

Minimum funding requirement

To the extent possible, at least 10 percent of funds awarded to an eligible country under this section should be awarded to community-based women’s nongovernmental organizations and community-based organizations. In any country in which capacity is determined to be too limited to meet the 10 percent requirement, a plan should be provided for how recipients will work with local nongovernmental organizations to increase their capacity.

(f)

Award process

Funds awarded under this section shall be provided through an open, competitive, and transparent process where possible.

(g)

Conditions

Entities receiving funds awarded through the grant program established under this section—

(1)

shall allocate a reasonable amount of funds for the collection of data and the evaluation of program effectiveness;

(2)

shall be responsible for developing and reporting on outcomes and impacts related to preventing and responding to violence against women and girls internationally;

(3)

should gather input from women’s nongovernmental organizations or community-based organizations in recipient countries, including organizations with expertise in working with men and boys to prevent violence; and

(4)

shall consider the safety of women and girls as a primary concern in deciding how to design, implement, monitor, and evaluate programs.

(h)

Authorization of appropriations

(1)

In general

There is authorized to be appropriated to the President $175,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2011 through 2015 to carry out this section and section 111.

(2)

Availability of funds

Amounts authorized to be appropriated pursuant to paragraph (1) shall remain available until expended.

(3)

Nonsupplantation

Amounts authorized to be appropriated pursuant to paragraph (1) are in addition to amounts otherwise made available for such purposes.

113.

Ensuring accountability of the United States’ response to violence against women and girls internationally

(a)

Briefing

(1)

In general

Not later than 2 years after the submission of the comprehensive international strategy developed under section 111, and every other year thereafter, the Secretary of State, assisted by the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development (in this section referred to as USAID) and the Ambassador-at-Large of the Office for Global Women’s Issues, shall brief Congress on implementation of the strategy and the progress being made to prevent and address violence against women and girls.

(2)

Content

The briefing required under paragraph (1) should include the following:

(A)

A description of successful efforts by affected country governments and nongovernmental organizations, the United States, and bilateral and multilateral donors in prevention and response to violence against women and girls internationally.

(B)

Recommendations related to best practices, effective strategies, and suggested improvements to enhance the impact of prevention and response to violence against women and girls internationally.

(C)

Impact of activities funded by the strategy in preventing and reducing violence against women and girls internationally.

(b)

Amendments

Section 116(d) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2151n(d)) is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (10), by striking ; and and inserting a semicolon;

(2)

in paragraph (11)(C), by striking the period at the end and inserting ; and; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following:

(12)

wherever applicable, the nature and extent of violence against women and girls, as defined in section 4 of the International Violence Against Women Act of 2010.

.

(c)

Transparency

The Secretary of State shall provide to Congress the information made available under sections 101(d) and 102(d), including outcomes and impacts related to prevention and response to violence against women and girls internationally submitted by contractors, subcontractors, grantees and subgrantees, except if such disclosure would inhibit the security or effectiveness of such entities.

(d)

Research and data collection

The Ambassador-at-Large of the Office for Global Women’s Issues, assisted by the Administrator of USAID and the heads of relevant bureaus and offices of the Department of State and in consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the Attorney General, shall work to improve the quality and coordination of existing data collection and evaluations of current violence against women and girls internationally programs and fund original research or analysis of effective interventions to prevent or respond to violence against women and girls internationally.

(e)

Use of funds

Funds made available in this section may be used for the following purposes:

(1)

To collect and analyze new or existing data on the scope and extent of all forms of violence against women and girls internationally, including under-documented forms of violence and violence against marginalized groups.

(2)

To conduct research on effective interventions to respond to violence against women and girls internationally, including efforts to scale up effective programming.

(3)

To support systemic data collection using internationally comparable indicators, norms, and methodologies for measuring the scope, prevalence, and incidence of violence against women and girls internationally by—

(A)

governments of foreign countries; and

(B)

federally funded development assistance and health assistance.

(f)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of State $20,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2011 through 2015 to carry out the activities under this section.

114.

Enhancing United States training of foreign military and police forces and judicial officials on preventing and responding to violence against women and girls

(a)

Purpose

The purpose of this section is to ensure that United States programs to train foreign military and police forces and judicial officials include instruction on preventing and responding to violence against women and girls.

(b)

Authorization

Under the direction of the President, the Secretary of State is authorized to provide guidance to the Secretary of Defense concerning, where appropriate—

(1)

incorporating training, prevention, and response to violence against women and girls into the basic training curricula of foreign military and police forces and judicial officials;

(2)

ensuring that United States assistance to units involved in regional or multilateral peacekeeping operations includes training on preventing and responding to violence against women and girls internationally; and

(3)

including an assessment of such activities in the briefing developed under section 113(a).

(c)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2011 through 2015 to carry out the activities under this section.

115.

Addressing violence against women and girls in humanitarian relief, peacekeeping, conflict, and post-conflict operations

(a)

Definitions

In this section, the term Inter-Agency Standing Committee means the committee established in response to United Nations General Assembly Resolution 46/182 (1991).

(b)

Activities of the department of state and the united states agency for international development

Under the direction of the Secretary of State, the Ambassador-at-Large of the Office for Global Women’s Issues is authorized to provide guidance to the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development and the Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration, who shall take account of the Ambassador’s guidance to the extent practicable and shall—

(1)

provide assistance to programs of international organizations, international and local nongovernmental organizations, and governments where appropriate that prevent and respond to violence against women and girls in humanitarian relief, conflict and post-conflict settings and that adhere to the Inter-Agency Standing Committee’s Guidelines for Gender-Based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Settings, and should include—

(A)

building the capacity of humanitarian organizations and government authorities where appropriate to address the special protection needs of women and children;

(B)

supporting efforts to provide immediate assistance to survivors of violence and reintegrate such individuals through education, psychosocial assistance, trauma counseling, family and community reinsertion and reunification, medical assistance and economic opportunity programs; and

(C)

providing legal services for women and girls who are victims of violence;

(2)

ensure that activities to prevent and respond to violence against women and girls internationally are incorporated into any multilateral or bilateral Disarmament, Demobilization, Rehabilitation and Reintegration efforts by—

(A)

providing protection and suitable separate facilities for women and girls formerly involved in, or associated with, fighting forces in demobilization and transit centers;

(B)

ensuring equitable reintegration activities and opportunities to such women and girls, including access to schooling, vocational training, employment, and childcare;

(C)

providing essential medical care and psychosocial support for such women and girls who are victims of violence; and

(D)

incorporating prevention and response to violence against women and girls into programs for former combatants;

(3)

designate and deploy, as appropriate, specialists in violence against women and girls as an integral part of the United States Agency for International Development’s Disaster Assistance Response Teams to ensure the integration of prevention and response to violence against women and girls internationally in strategies and programming; and

(4)

create a mechanism to ensure that all grantees deployed in humanitarian relief, conflict, and post-conflict operations—

(A)

comply with the Inter-Agency Standing Committee’s Six Core Principles Relating to Sexual Exploitation and Abuse;

(B)

train all humanitarian workers in preventing and responding to violence against women and girls, including in the use of mechanisms to report violence against women and girls;

(C)

conduct appropriate public outreach to make known to the host community the mechanisms to report violence against women and girls; and

(D)

promptly and appropriately respond to reports of violence against women and girls and treat survivors in accordance with best practices regarding confidentiality.

(c)

Authorization of appropriations

(1)

In general

There is authorized to be appropriated to the Department of State and the United States Agency for International Development $40,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2011 through 2015 for programs described in subsection (b)(2) that prevent and respond to violence against women and girls in humanitarian relief, conflict, and post-conflict operations, in addition to amounts otherwise available for such purposes.

(2)

Funding not at expense of other humanitarian programs

Any amounts appropriated pursuant to paragraph (1) may not be provided at the expense of other humanitarian programs.

(d)

Activities of the department of state

Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State, acting through the Ambassador-at-Large of the Office for Global Women’s Issues, should brief Congress on activities and efforts to—

(1)

achieve the activities outlined in subsection (b); and

(2)

require all private military contracting firms hired by the Department of State to conduct activities in humanitarian relief, conflict, and post-conflict settings to—

(A)

demonstrate a commitment to expanding the number and roles of women in such activities;

(B)

train all contractors who will be deployed in preventing and responding to violence against women and girls internationally; and

(C)

establish mechanisms to report on and promptly respond to violence against women and girls internationally, and conduct appropriate public outreach to make these mechanisms known to the host community.

(e)

Coordination of U.S. government agency efforts

(1)

In general

Under the direction of the President, the Secretary of State is authorized to provide guidance on preventing and responding to violence against women and girls to the Secretary of Defense when United States military personnel, military contractors, and military observers are to be deployed in humanitarian relief, conflict, and post-conflict settings.

(2)

Department of defense activities

The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State are authorized to jointly—

(A)

provide training in prevention and response to violence against women and girls internationally to United States military forces;

(B)

establish mechanisms for reporting incidences of violence against civilian women and girls committed by United States military forces; and

(C)

establish appropriate public outreach efforts to notify the civilian population of the mechanisms for reporting incidences of violence against women and girls committed by such forces.

(f)

Enhancing U.S. leadership and advocacy in the united nations

(1)

In general

The Secretary of State, in consultation with the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development, the Ambassador-at-Large of the Office for Global Women’s Issues, the United States Representative to the United Nations, and the Assistant Secretaries for International Organization Affairs and Population, Refugees and Migration, should make available United States financial, material, human, and other resources to assist United Nations efforts to—

(A)

develop and implement appropriate training programs in prevention and response to violence against women and girls internationally for peacekeeping and humanitarian personnel;

(B)

meet staffing goals for women military and police peacekeepers, including all-women teams and units, and enhance the deployment of civilian women at all levels to serve in peacekeeping missions, including through innovative staffing formulas;

(C)

improve protection mechanisms in and around United Nations managed refugee and internally displaced persons camps;

(D)

strengthen efforts to implement a zero tolerance policy for sexual exploitation and abuse in United Nations peacekeeping and humanitarian operations;

(E)

support troop and police contributing countries in taking appropriate actions to prevent violence and abuse, including by providing materials for pre-deployment and in-theater awareness training, and other action to promote full accountability in cases of abusive conduct involving the personnel of such countries;

(F)

continue to expand appropriate mechanisms to permit individuals to safely bring allegations of violence against women and girls internationally to the attention of United Nations peacekeeping commanders and heads of humanitarian missions; and

(G)

ensure the United Nations Office of Internal Oversight has the capacity to investigate all credible allegations in a timely and efficient manner while protecting the whistleblower.

(2)

Report

Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs and the United States Representative to the United Nations, in consultation with the Ambassador-at-Large of the Office for Global Women’s Issues, shall submit to Congress a report on United States efforts to support the implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1325, 1820, and 1888.

(g)

Emergency measures for critical outbreaks of violence during conflict or post-Conflict operations

(1)

Emergency response to critical outbreaks

The Secretary of State, in consultation with the Ambassador-at-Large of the Office for Global Women’s Issues, should identify and take emergency measures to respond to critical outbreaks of violence against women and girls in situations of armed conflict.

(2)

Determination

Violence against women and girls shall be determined to be a critical outbreak if a United States Government report, allied government information, or credible nongovernmental or media accounts depict a widespread pattern of violence against women or girls, particularly rape and other forms of sexual abuse, that is escalating in the number of victims or brutality of attacks and that takes place in an environment of relative impunity.

(3)

Emergency measures

The Secretary of State should inform Congress immediately upon the identification of a critical outbreak of violence against women and girls and should, in consultation with the Ambassador-at-Large of the Office for Global Women’s Issues, identify emergency measures to respond to the outbreak identified under paragraph (1) within 90 days and brief Congress, upon request, on those measures.

(4)

Consultation

In developing emergency measures under paragraph (1), the Secretary of State, with the assistance of the Ambassador-at-Large of the Office for Global Women’s Issues, shall consult with the heads of all relevant United States Government departments and agencies, as necessary, including the National Security Advisor, as well as international and nongovernmental organizations working in prevention and response to violence against women and girls internationally.

(h)

Authorization of appropriations

In addition to amounts authorized to be appropriated under subsection (c), there is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for emergency measures, including the expansion of reporting mechanisms and programs, for each critical outbreak of violence identified under this section.

II

Other Provisions

201.

Support for multilateral efforts to end violence against women and girls

There is authorized to be appropriated to the International Organizations and Programs Account $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2011 through 2015 to support the United Nations Development Fund for Women Trust Fund in Support of Actions to Eliminate Violence Against Women.

202.

Funding limitation

Assistance made available under this Act may be made available notwithstanding any other provision of law that restricts assistance to foreign countries, except for provisions of law that limit assistance to organizations that support or participate in a program of coercive abortion or involuntary sterilization, including section 7079 of the Omnibus Appropriations Act, 2009 (Public Law 111–8; 123 Stat. 909).