Amends the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (HSA) to establish in the Office of Intelligence and Analysis of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) a unit for WMD intelligence and information sharing.
Directs the Secretary of DHS (the Secretary), acting through the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis, to:
(1) integrate into the homeland security, intelligence, and information sharing process national biosecurity and biodefense stakeholders;
(2) leverage homeland security capabilities and structures to enhance prevention, detection, preparedness, and collective response, attribution, and recovery efforts for a biological attack or other phenomena that may have serious health consequences; and
(3) advance partnerships between DHS and other federal agencies in assessing potential threats and risks from the intentional use of biological agents by terrorists or other actors.
Directs the Secretary to:
(1) produce biennial Bioterrorism Risk Assessments;
(2) enhance domestic preparedness for and collective response to terrorism by conducting annual risk assessments regarding the threat, vulnerability, and consequences of theft or other procurement of radiological materials that could be used by a terrorist in a radiological dispersion device; and
(3) establish enhanced biosecurity measures for persons or laboratories that possess, use, or transfer Tier I Material Threat Agents (agents and toxins that are determined by the Secretary to present a material threat to the population).
Directs the Secretary of Agriculture (USDA) and the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to provide to the Secretary a list of laboratories and other locations where Tier I Material Threat Agents are present in the United States and its territories.
Authorizes the Secretary, acting through the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), to:
(1) award grants based on risk to academic and nonprofit organizations and to state, local, and tribal governments that possess, use, or transfer Tier I Material Threat Agents to enhance security at laboratories; and
(2) assist such entities in improving and promoting individual and community preparedness and collective response to WMD and terrorist attacks involving biological, chemical, radiological, and nuclear weapons against the United States.
Directs the Secretary to:
(1) establish procedures for the sharing of homeland security information with state, local, and tribal government officials;
(2) periodically review and recommend updates to criminal laws that relate to the evolving risks of misuse of life sciences by terrorists and others;
(3) conduct investigations and enforce criminal violations of customs and export laws;
(4) ensure that homeland security information concerning terrorist threats is provided to state, local, and tribal authorities and the public;
(5) examine the state of domestic and global biosurveillance and submit a national strategy for biosurveillance;
(6) carry out a program to detect a biological attack or event.
Requires the Secretary:
(1) to direct the Under Secretary for Science and Technology to assess whether the development of screening capabilities for biological agents, pandemic influenza, and other infectious diseases should be undertaken by the Science and Technology Directorate;
(2) if the determination is affirmative, to initiate development of safe and effective methods to rapidly screen incoming travelers at ports of entry; and
(3) to carry out a program for system assessment and validation of emergency response equipment (SAVER Program).
Establishes in DHS: (1) a National Export Enforcement Coordination Network; (2) an Integrated Consortium of Laboratory Networks; and (3) a National Bioforensics Analysis Center.
Requires the Secretary to:
(1) develop voluntary guidance for police, fire, emergency medical services, emergency management, and public health personnel for responding to a release of chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear material;
(2) acquire, use, and disseminate timely integrated plume models (assessments of the location and prediction of the spread of pathogens resulting from an explosion or release of nuclear, radioactive, chemical, or biological substances) to enable rapid response activities; and
(3) issue guidance for clean-up and restoration of indoor and outdoor areas that have been affected by the release of a biological agent.