Amends the Public Health Service Act to establish within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) an Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology to:
(1) review and determine whether to endorse each standard, implementation specification, and certification criterion for the electronic exchange and use of health information that is recommended by the HIT Standards Committee;
(2) coordinate health information technology policy and programs of HHS with other relevant executive branch agencies;
(3) maintain and update the Federal Health IT Strategic Plan;
(4) maintain and update an Internet website with information to ensure transparency in the promotion of a nationwide health information technology infrastructure; and
(5) develop a program for the voluntary certification of health information technology as being in compliance with applicable certification criteria.
Requires the National Coordinator to:
(1) report to Congress on any additional funding or authority required to evaluate and develop standards, implementation specifications, and certification criteria or to achieve full participation of stakeholders in the adoption of a nationwide health information technology infrastructure that allows for the electronic use and exchange of health information;
(2) prepare a report that identifies lessons learned from major public and private health care systems in their implementation of health information technology;
(3) assess and publish the impact of health information technology in communities with health disparities and in areas with a high proportion of individuals who are uninsured, underinsured, and medically underserved and identify practices to increase the adoption of such technology by health care providers in such communities;
(4) evaluate and publish evidence on the benefits and costs of the electronic use and exchange of health information and assess to whom these benefits and costs accrue; and
(5) estimate and publish resources required annually to reach the goal of utilization of an electronic health record (EHR) for each person in the United States by 2014.
Authorizes the National Coordinator to provide financial assistance to defray the costs to consumer advocacy groups and not-for-profit entities that work in the public interest of participating under the National Technology Transfer Act of 1995.
Requires the National Coordinator to establish a governance mechanism for the nationwide health information network.
Provides for the detail of federal employees to the Office.
Directs the Secretary of HHS (the Secretary in this title) to appoint a Chief Privacy Officer of the Office of the National Coordinator to advise the National Coordinator on privacy, security, and data stewardship of electronic health information and to coordinate with other federal agencies, state and regional efforts, and foreign countries with regard to the privacy, security, and data stewardship of electronic individually identifiable health information.
Establishes a HIT Policy Committee to make policy recommendations to the National Coordinator relating to the implementation of a nationwide health information technology infrastructure.
Requires such Committee to:
(1) recommend a policy framework for the development and adoption of a nationwide health information technology infrastructure;
(2) recommend the areas in which standards, implementation specifications, and certification criteria are needed for the electronic exchange and use of health information; and
(3) recommend an order or priority for the development, harmonization, and recognition of such standards, specifications, and criteria.
Establishes the HIT Standards Committee to: (1) recommend to the National Coordinator for adoption standards, implementation specifications, and certification criteria for the electronic exchange and use of health information; and (2) provide for testing of such standards and specifications by the National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST).
Requires the Secretary to review and determine whether to adopt such standards, specifications, and criteria. Provides that any standard or implementation specification adopted shall be voluntary with respect to private entities.
Directs the National Coordinator to support the development, routine updating, and provision of qualified EHR technology unless the Secretary determines that the needs and demands of providers are being substantially and adequately met through the marketplace. Authorizes the National Coordinator to impose a nominal fee for the adoption by a health care provider of the health information technology system developed and certified.
Transfers functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of: (1) the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology appointed under a Executive Order No. 13335 to the National Coordinator appointed under this Act; and (2) the National eHealth Collaborative to the HIT Policy Committee or the HIT Standards Committee.
Provides that this title has no effect on the authorities of the Secretary under Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) privacy and security laws.
Authorizes appropriations to the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology.