S. 1134 (111th): Responsible Use of Coal Act of 2009

111th Congress, 2009–2010. Text as of May 21, 2009 (Introduced).

Status & Summary | PDF | Source: GPO

II

111th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 1134

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

May 21, 2009

introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources

A BILL

To ensure the energy independence and economic viability of the United States by promoting the responsible use of coal through accelerated carbon capture and storage and through advanced clean coal technology research, development, demonstration, and deployment programs, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Responsible Use of Coal Act of 2009.

2.

Definitions

In this Act:

(1)

Carbon capture and storage technology

The term carbon capture and storage technology means an advanced technology or concept that the Secretary determines to have the potential—

(A)

to capture or remove—

(i)

carbon dioxide that is emitted from a coal-fired power plant; and

(ii)

other industrial sources;

(B)

to store carbon dioxide in geological formations; and

(C)

to use carbon dioxide for—

(i)

enhanced oil and natural gas recovery; or

(ii)

other large-volume, beneficial uses.

(2)

Carbon capture technology

(A)

In general

The term carbon capture technology means any precombustion technology, post-combustion technology, or oxy-combustion technology or process.

(B)

Inclusion

The term carbon capture technology includes carbon dioxide compression technology.

(3)

Enhanced oil and natural gas recovery

The term enhanced oil and natural gas recovery means the use of carbon dioxide to improve or enhance the recovery of oil or natural gas from a depleted oil or natural gas field.

(4)

Precombustion technology

The term precombustion technology means a coal or coal-biomass gasification or integrated gasification combined-cycle process coupled with carbon dioxide storage or reuse.

(5)

Secretary

The term Secretary means the Secretary of Energy.

3.

Purposes

The purposes of this Act are—

(1)

to promote the continued responsible use of the abundant, secure, and low-cost coal resources of the United States through the research, development, demonstration, and deployment of—

(A)

carbon capture and storage technologies; and

(B)

advanced coal power generation technologies;

(2)

to promote the exportation of the carbon capture and storage technologies and advanced coal power generation technologies developed by the United States to countries that rely on coal as the dominant energy source of the countries (including China and India); and

(3)

to support the deployment of carbon capture and storage technologies by—

(A)

quantifying the risks of the technologies; and

(B)

helping to establish the most appropriate framework for managing liabilities associated with all phases of carbon capture and storage technology projects, including—

(i)

the capture and transportation of carbon dioxide; and

(ii)

the siting, design, operation, closure, and long-term stewardship of carbon dioxide storage facilities.

4.

Programs

(a)

Research and development program

(1)

In general

As soon as practicable after the date of enactment of this Act, in accordance with paragraph (2) and subsection (b), the Secretary, acting through the Director of the National Energy Technology Laboratory, shall carry out a research, development, and demonstration program through the National Energy Technology Laboratory to further advance carbon capture and storage and coal power generation technologies.

(2)

Required programs

The program described in paragraph (1) shall include each program described in paragraphs (3) through (6).

(3)

Commercial demonstration program

As soon as practicable after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, acting through the Director of the National Energy Technology Laboratory, shall carry out a large-scale commercial demonstration program to evaluate the most promising carbon capture and storage technologies.

(4)

Research and development program regarding carbon capture technologies

As soon as practicable after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall carry out a research and development program under which the Secretary shall evaluate carbon capture technologies to decrease the cost, and increase the performance, of carbon capture technologies.

(5)

Research and development program regarding carbon dioxide storage

As soon as practicable after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall carry out a research and development program under which the Secretary shall evaluate options for carbon dioxide storage in geological formations—

(A)

for enhanced oil and natural gas recovery; and

(B)

to decrease the cost, and increase the performance, of carbon capture and storage technologies in existence as of the date of enactment of this Act.

(6)

Research and development program regarding advanced clean coal power generation technologies

As soon as practicable after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall carry out a research and development program under which the Secretary shall evaluate advanced clean coal power generation technologies to make practicable—

(A)

the capture and storage of carbon dioxide; and

(B)

highly efficient power generation (including advanced turbines, fuel cells, hydrogen production, and advanced gasification).

(b)

Cost-sharing requirements

(1)

Commercial demonstration program

The Federal share of the cost of any competitively procured project carried out using funds provided under the commercial demonstration program described in subsection (a)(3) shall be not more than 50 percent.

(2)

Other programs

The Federal share of the cost of any competitively procured project carried out using funds provided under a program described in paragraph (4), (5), or (6) of subsection (a) shall be not more than 80 percent.

5.

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary—

(1)

to carry out the commercial demonstration program under section 4(a)(3)—

(A)

$300,000,000 for fiscal year 2010;

(B)

$350,000,000 for fiscal year 2011;

(C)

$400,000,000 for fiscal year 2012; and

(D)

$400,000,000 for fiscal year 2013;

(2)

to carry out the research and development program under section 4(a)(4)—

(A)

$80,000,000 for fiscal year 2010;

(B)

$100,000,000 for fiscal year 2011;

(C)

$120,000,000 for fiscal year 2012; and

(D)

$120,000,000 for fiscal year 2013;

(3)

to carry out the research and development program under section 4(a)(5)—

(A)

$170,000,000 for fiscal year 2010;

(B)

$200,000,000 for fiscal year 2011;

(C)

$225,000,000 for fiscal year 2012; and

(D)

$225,000,000 for fiscal year 2013; and

(4)

to carry out the research and development program under section 4(a)(6)—

(A)

$250,000,000 for fiscal year 2010;

(B)

$270,000,000 for fiscal year 2011;

(C)

$300,000,000 for fiscal year 2012; and

(D)

$300,000,000 for fiscal year 2013.